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tv   Der Tag  Deutsche Welle  April 2, 2021 6:00am-6:31am CEST

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the rules. for which you. can't. see. this is news and these are our top stories. the post later unsung suchi faces the charges that could see her bad from holding office she is accused of breaking a colonial era official secrets law and were supporters burned copies of myanmar's military inspired constitution in protest 2 months after the army ceased power the
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u.n. special envoy is warning of a possible civil war he says i'd bloodbath could be imminent. u.s. president joe biden has convened his 1st cabinet meeting at the white house by the nines to promote his new 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan the senate confirmed his for cabinet last week biden has described it as the most diverse in u.s. history. belgian place ads clashed with a large crowd gathered in a person's park after a fight concert was announced as an april fools day prank thousands of young people defied the ban on large gatherings as in fiction numbers in belgium search police say 22 people were arrested. this is day to news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and facebook or you can go to our web site to be found at dot com.
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when joe biden became us president to he told his country and the world that america is back and now biden wants to put his money where his mouth is tax money $2.00 trillion dollars biden is proposing an unprecedented infrastructure plan that does more than repair roads and bridges think green energy social engineering tonight the world's leading superpower holding on to that title by investing in a major make over of itself and the rest of the world to golf in berlin this is the day. love where the tinkers around the edges. it's a once in a generation investment group with 2 trillion dollars in the near future can't
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relate can't delay another minute infrastructure is crumbling you know there's a lot of water currents in the room and think the reason why they're going to win is the marker sees it reach consensus in the sense of competition between the murder of china the rest of the world is all about 15 years people who look back and say this was a move in the mirror because. the future. also coming up they are 5 greek islands known as europe's hotspots but it's not what you might think tonight the camps where refugees seeking asylum in europe often end up a legal limbo a horror of humanity. we're living on connell's without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is such a fate we face is that. to our viewers on p.b.s.
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in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day with the. revitalization retrofitting and reprogramming of the united states of america this week president biden unveiled a massive infrastructure plan that could define his presidency and redefine the american experience in the 21st century biden wants 2 trillion dollars to modernize america's infrastructure he says it will create millions of jobs provide broadband internet for everyone incentives for electric cars and renewable energy and programs to bridge the huge social gaps that have been revealed by the pandemic republicans called the proposal a trojan horse for progressive policies but biden's plan is already being compared to f.d.r.'s new deal or president lyndon johnson's great society this plan if passed will reach far beyond america's borders it could help thrust america's
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allies into the 21st century in terms of technology and it could ensure a sizable lead for the u.s. against china infrastructure is more than roads and bridges in america it is also about geopolitics and power. road builders in the us will soon have plenty of work to do infrastructure in the world's largest economy is in poor condition across the board be it roads power or water to me and many key industries have long since moved abroad. with his 2 trillion dollars package us president joe biden wants to give the entire country a make over like i'm proposing a plan for the nation that rewards work not just rewards well the bills of fair economy to give everybody a chance to see it see can you create the strongest most resilient innovative economy in the world. his administration plans on modernizing 32000
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kilometers of road while repairing thousands of bridges half a 1000000 new charging stations will be built to accommodate the ever growing number of electric vehicles biden also wants to bring industries such as chip production back to the united states today computer chips are still mostly produced in asia. the whole project is expected to take 8 years to complete some of the funding will come from a corporate tax hike from 21 to 28 percent biden supporters folks say the program will create millions of well paid jobs and strengthen america's ability to compete with china oh yes but republicans in congress are already voicing opposition especially towards the corporate tax increase you know it's biden's predecessor slashed the rates by 14 percentage points to their current level.
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and to put this american infrastructure plan into a global context i'm joined tonight by boris foreman he's a professor of politics at bard college here in berlin boris it's good to see you again 1st things 1st let's talk about money do we know help president biden plans to finance this $2.00 trillion dollars project. well what he said in his speech about the infrastructure plan is that he's planning to well pay for it in the long run and that means he's going to text corporations and rich people which is quite the opposite of what what donald trump to the a couple of years ago so this is the plan and this is what he has been telling us so far but we haven't seen any more concrete figures what do you think of comparisons with president roosevelt's new deal or president johnson's great society mean the new deal helped pull america out of the depression the great
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society attack poverty and even reduced infant mortality is this plan that grand. well i think it is in terms of numbers and i think it even goes way back before franklin to roosevelt i mean if we think of abraham lincoln and the rainbow infrastructure we think even of the canal infrastructure there's many examples in american history starting with xander hamilton really and henry clay if where there was heavy investment in infrastructure and we tend to forget this because we oftentimes emphasize how much of a liberal market economy how much of illicit affair system the u.s. is but there is a distinct tradition and i think biden really resonates with this kind of tradition yeah i want to take a listen to how president biden framed his infrastructure plan yesterday when he presented it in pittsburgh take a listen. actually leave room has to look back on this time.
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as a fundamental choice. between democracies not talkers. you know there's a lot of autocrats in the world think the reason why they're going to win is democracies can't reach consensus. talker's is too. much of competition between america and china the rest of the world is all about. boris is this infrastructure plan is it also part of america's answer to the china challenge in this 21st century. absolutely i think it is and i think the framing is very interesting and it's also very reminiscent of earlier moments in history with the west in order to muster the political will really needed some kind of look poland so it's quite interesting if we think of the railroad system it's the civil war if you think of the cold war it's the inter interstate highway system everything that's in the i pad and the i phone all the technology comes out of the cold war so
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these kinds of investments have existed before and they need some kind of an opposition so so i find it quite striking that that bitless framing it in this way if this cements the bipolar rivalry between the u.s. and china what does it mean then for europe i mean what do americans allies stand to gain from this. well i think there is a new type of thinking about what the state is supposed to do for economies to work even in germany there's been a discussion in the last 2 or 3 years about industrial policy and picking winners reanimate socog who is a very famous economist who is i think one of the leading voices in this debate and i think there is the assumption that markets fail and states are not just too there to fix them they need to provide certain goods for democracies to thrive and if these public goods don't exist there are other regime types which i would say aren't as desirable as a democracy yeah i mean it's
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a good point it also sounds like the answer to ronald reagan who said that government was the problem and here you have president biden it sounds like he's saying government is the solution let before we run out of time let me ask you about the pandemic factor would it be in your opinion do you think this large yes 2 trillion dollars do you think it would have been put on paper had there not been a pandemic well the earlier package that we've seen is definitely a response to that now however if we look at the campaign of biden's he has always made clear that he was well he was trying to do or to to to implement a green new deal without calling it a green new deal and i think it's caught some people by surprise by hold how progressive he actually is. right john. i was going to call you boris johnson boris boris foreman barking khalid's thank you let's get this author to
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thank you have a have a good weekend. you too. well the 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan was high on the agenda today when president biden convened his entire cabinet for the 1st time at the white house 10 weeks since his inauguration by now has basically the entire cabinet all the proof by the u.s. senate and all in place to carry out the business of the executive branch presidents always have a cabinet but no president has ever assembled a cabinet as diverse and representative of all americans as the one that met today i want you to take a listen to biden's pledge and some of his nominees taking their oath of office why naresh cabinet it will be a historic cabinet that looks like america i've never tried to provoke. you but i thought i might call reagan taps into the best of america that opens doors to something i swear it's only right. that i will support and the
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constitution of the united states the constitution of the united center still help me so help me god and includes the full range of talents we have in this nation and that is what happened today at the white house to talk about that i'm joined now by our washington bureau chief in his post good evening to you enos when i compared the photos of today's cabinet meeting with the cabinet of former president donald trump i mean the difference is striking biden has presented a diverse cabinet with a lot of firsts including the 1st native american tell us about that. this is the 1st time in history right that the cabinet really reflects the diversity of this country of immigrants however there were people living in the united states before immigrants from europe took over and indeed these were native americans therefore the role of the former new mexico congresswoman deb holland
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cond be overestimated brand the member of the lagoon up webroot drive is the 1st native american cabinet member ever and in her role as interior secretary hollande will be in charge of the federal government's relationship of native american land and native activists have complained for you is that the gov the federal government has. and by building pipelines and causing destruction all that was out there him put so they hope no that was holland they finally have an advocate in the white tones that will protect them from future abuse and there is also a cabinet member used to be called mayor peach he is the 1st openly gay cabinet member. right the only 39 year old former. mayor and 2020 presidential candidate pete but
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a jihad is biden's transportation secretary and we just have heard about his huge huge trillion dollar infrastructural build so he will play a major a crucial role in biden cabinet and if he is able to pass this very ambitious bill he might be actually the 1st. president of the united states it is possible that is true and details about the other 1st in this new cabinet briefly if you could. yeah so this is. form of had to add janet yellen she is the 1st woman treasury secretary also though i'd also been isn't named we should remember he's the 1st african american defense secretary and he will be taking care of the middle east writes our washington bureau chief in this poll with the latest on this very diverse history making cabinet at the white house
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today he is thank you. europe and those who would like to call it home for years the european union has faced criticism over its treatment of migrants critics usually point to greece where thousands of asylum seekers are housed often in inhumane conditions 5 greek islands near the turkish coast have become known as hotspots where refugees live in overcrowded unsanitary conditions more than a 3rd are children mostly without access to education they need use says turkey should take them as part of a deal reached with 5 years ago but some say that deal is a human rights disaster. sunder and florian schmidt report on the situation on the island. a prominent guest at the news most notorious migration
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hotspots well you can missionary if you want some tour to muffle when he camped in a guarded convoy earlier this week journalists were given a rare opportunity to visit the nicer parts of the overcrowded facility scenes of women exercising in the spring some starkly contrast these pictures from last winter when residents had to hold on to their tents. we meet djoko from the democratic republic of congo he tells us he has been here for 16 months. living on without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is a sad face we face. more than 13000 people are stuck in these hot spots in the north of jeanne islands as part of a system designed to help greece cope with high numbers of irregular arrivals as part of the e.u.'s 2016 migration deal with turkey greek authorities with e.u. support have to examine whether each person arriving here has
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a right to asylum those whose claims are rejected must return to turkey and as long as asylum seekers don't have an answer they can't leave the islands critics claim this model is simply not working because it creates a situation of deep injustice because people are kept in some cases for many years . and as we've seen the conditions there are appalling they're really not effective and if we look at the coats of auditor's report for instance they show that extremely expensive and not serving the original purposes of rap decision and case instead of setting up appropriate infrastructure to deal with asylum cases in a swift manner 5 years on from when the deal was signed authorities are operating emergency even you commissioner your own agrees this system has to change i don't want to have i would like to have proper a section but people should not stay for long and then have
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a better. system we need to you to be a nice migration issue and to stand by each other and not leave any member state or alone. the e.u. commission has proposed a new approach to asylum under which asylum applications would be processed within days at the blocks external borders but critics fear this michael. to a situation similar to what perceived to be hot spots home over again. well joining me now is the architect of that 2060 e.u. turkey deal mr jerrold canals he is the founding chairman of the european stability initiative think tank which focuses on the e.u. foreign policy mr kelso it's good to have you on the program next week the e.u.'s top officials head to turkey for talks with president richard toye you paired a one on migration entry what will they do with the plan that you drafted are they going to revamp it or are they going to kill it well
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and that important respect this plan or the statement that was reached 5 years ago has broken down already one year ago or the last it has refused to take back anybody from the greek islands the european union has not put on the table any similar package of assistance for the 3 it s 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees in turkey so the key commitments made 5 years ago and no longer there and the result is actually been of us we've seen. very few arrivals but we've seen a breakdown of the rule of law with pushbacks indigency and people being kept on these islands without any prospect of ever being returned for it's really no reason at all so what we have at the moment and that it is very much to be hoped that you
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understand it can be reached between the european union and turkey building on what the 1st choice yes and correcting will mr because i mean i want to be clear about is you're saying that turkey is not to doing what it has promised to do but you're also saying that the european union is also not paying turkey the money that it promised is that correct. no the european union promised toki 6000000000 to be committed in 4 years that happens and the european union did not put on the table another offer for the next few years although the number of refugees in turkey keeps growing. turkey has agreed to take people back from the greek islands it did so for 4 years it was the fault of their silences. of greece we've the european union supporting it but we didn't have we get decisions taki that said what a year ago day it side of the deal was off as well so at the moment we have no agreement and what we are seeing now which is the breakdown of the rule of law is actually
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the world without an agreement if we don't reach one this is how it will look for the next months years which is basically the end of the refugee convention i'd like for you to take a listen to what the e.u. commission president under law and have said about this take a listen we will further engage with turkey on issues such as migration financing high level dialogues and modernizing the customs union if turkey does not move forward construction constructively if it returns to unilateral actions a provocation we would suspend these cooperation measures start so there you have virtually from the line saying if turkey doesn't do this we will not do that is that the right approach to have when e.u. officials go to turkey. well there is such low trust at the moment between
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brussels about corruption on both sides that in the end it will be a transactional negotiations what do you offer what do you want but the point is that it is also will reach an outcome that is good for both sides the question for european union is is it going to put on the table something that is meaningful to turkey don't forget turkey has 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees 3 times more than the whole european union so far european union to want to help for all in a humane way irregular migration it is obvious that there needs to be support not just for the refugees in turkey already but also for another 3000000 at least internally displaced in syria close to the turkish border we're currently being supported in a humanitarian way through turkey so i guess the question is what will the european union put on the table at the same time techie has a good rest in a new agreement because due to the breaking down of they re meant it's not that
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more people reach europe it's just that the european union is being more brutal pushing people back at their land than just the border so check in at the moment is actually losing the most in this because it's working for the needs to happen what needs to happen then you're it sounds like you're saying that the european union needs to put down a lot of money on the table to convince turkey to treat syrian refugees humanely is that what that's what you're saying right. well techie has 3 and a half 1000000 refugees already 700000 children refugee children go into schools 108000000 receiving social support funded by the european union this needs to continue it's in the interest of the refugees of turkey and of the e.u. the humanitarian conditions in a title of economic crisis at the demi off these refugees does not in syria rate but you're saying if you say anything more money the right the interesting europe needs to pay more money. because the 6000000000 promised in march 2016 had
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already all be dedicated to projects so the question really is is there a serious commitment by the european union to the lodges group of refugees in any country in the world at the moment and it's in the mutual interest it's also morally the right thing well it sounds like what you're saying for the for the europeans this is about how much money they're willing to spend what do you think this is then for turkey what does turkey see these syrian refugees as just a bargaining chip in order to milk the european union for as much money as possible is that what's going on here. well if you have 3 and a half 1000000 refugees and the number is increasing every year by 800000 simply through so i hopped a 1000000 in 5 years then i don't think the language of milking the e.u. is appropriate i mean tacky nose and we should all hope that it remains
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a way that these people will not be able to return to syria any time soon seriousness troy's they're still fighting in arts of the country and the law theories and i'm easy ceasefire many of the displaced in syria are not returning ida zone these 1000000 of its of people will stay in turkey for the foreseeable future there's an economic crisis there is a pandemic there is a collapse of tourism it is in their mutual interest to help them it's not just this that is interesting that he wants other things and so there will need to be negotiations so that an agreement as 5 years ago has reached a place that implemented fairly and efficiently for mispronounce when they meet and when the news comes out from that meeting please come back on the show we'd like to talk with you again and we'd like to get your assessment of what they do decide in turkey mr gerald can else we appreciate your time in your insights tonight thank you thank you. well the day is almost done but the conversation in continues
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online you're find us on twitter either at g.w. news or you can follow me at brant goff t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll leave you tonight with some images that reflect the turmoil deep under the surface of our planet mount etna on the italian island of sicily has been erupting for weeks now and scientists say the volcano shows no sign of going quiet anytime soon take a look. at
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. the funny. thing. africa. young visionaries. with a dream. tell me john i can imagine so you can do a social innovation academy talent to come here to learn how to turn their ideas into successful businesses i never knew. that's what i'm doing the time this big i
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am now. in my country code for the. next t.w. . behind the facades of congo's ultra wealthy. rich and famous in one of the world's poorest countries who was responsible for this in the democratic republic of the congo and most importantly how are they doing in. the congo millionaires of kenya. in 45 minutes on the d w. o. a little guy writes this is the 77 percent is the platform for africa is suited to these issues is your idea. you know hardest so i don't
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really not afraid to touch on delicate topic africa's population is growing. and young people clearly have the solutions to job comes. to some of the 70 percent now. on d w o. w. welcome to the environment program brought to you from the arterial uganda and germany us always will be taking a look at some of the ideas out there for protecting the environment both in europe
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and in africa i'm chris celebs in lagos on shiria but 1st before a woman welcome to my co-hosts on truckin.

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