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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 2, 2021 2:00am-2:30am CEST

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young people clearly have the solution you know. 77 percent. chance on d w. this is news and they top stories. the post later unsung suchi faces the charges that could see her bad from holding office she is accused of breaking a colonial era official secrets law every supporters burned copies of mia miles military inspired constitution in protest 2 months after the army seized power the un special envoy is warning of a possible civil war and says i'd bloodbath could be imminent.
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u.s. president joe biden has convened his 1st cabinet meeting at the white house by nine's to promote his new 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan the senate confirmed his for cabinet last week biden has described it as the most diverse in u.s. history. belgium police have clashed with a large crowd gathered in a brussels park after a fight concert was announced as an april fool's day prank thousands of young people defied the ban on large gatherings as in fiction numbers in belgium search police say 22 people were arrested. this is datable the news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and facebook or you can go to our web site to be found at the dot com. when joe biden became us president to he told his country and the world that
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america is back and now biden wants to put his money where his mouth is tax money $2.00 trillion dollars biden is proposing an unprecedented infrastructure plan that does more than repair roads and bridges think green energy social engineering tonight the world's leading superpower holding on to that title by investing in a major make over of itself and the rest of the world to golf in berlin this is the day. not of where the tinkers around the edges. it's a once in a generation investment group with 2 trillion dollars in the near future can't relate can't later than midnight on infrastructure is crumbling you know there's a lot of autocrats in the world think the reason why they're going to win this
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democracy is reach consensus in the sense of competition between america and china the rest of the world is old 50 years people who look back you see this was a move to the mirror because. the future. also coming up they are 5 greek islands known as europe's hotspots but it's not what you might think tonight the camps where refugees seeking asylum in europe often end up a legal limbo a horror of humanity. we're living on common all of us without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is the sad fate we face is this. to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day with the. revitalization retrofitting and reprogramming of the united states of
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america this week president biden unveiled a massive infrastructure plan that could define his presidency and redefine the american experience in the 21st century biden wants 2 trillion dollars to modernize america's infrastructure he says it will create millions of jobs provide broadband internet for everyone incentives for electric cars and renewable energy and programs to bridge the huge social gaps that have been revealed by the pandemic republicans called the proposal a trojan horse for progressive policies but biden's plan is already being compared to f.d.r.'s new deal or president lyndon johnson's great society this plan if passed will reach far beyond america's borders it could help thrust america's allies into the 21st century in terms of technology and it could ensure a sizable lead for the u.s. against china infrastructure is more than roads and bridges in america it is also
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about geopolitics and power. road builders in the u.s. will soon have plenty of work to do infrastructure in the world's largest economy is in poor condition across the board butte roads power or water me and many key industries have long since moved abroad. with his 2 trillion dollars package u.s. president joe biden wants to give the entire country a make over like i'm proposing a plan for the nation that rewards work not just rewards well it builds a fair economy to give everybody a chance to succeed and it's going to create the strongest most resilient innovative economy in the world. his administration plans on modernizing 32000 kilometers of road while repairing foundations of bridges half
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a 1000000 new charging stations will be built to accommodate the ever growing number of electric vehicles biden also wants to bring industries such as chip production back to the united states today computer chips are still mostly produced in asia. the whole project is expected to take 8 years to complete some of the funding will come from a corporate tax hike from 21 to 28 percent biden supporters say the program will create millions of well paid jobs and strengthen america's ability to compete with china. oh yes but republicans in congress are already voicing opposition especially towards the corporate tax increase you know it's biden's predecessor slashed the rates by 14 percentage points to their current level. and to put this american infrastructure plan into a global context i'm joined tonight by boris foreman he's a professor of politics at bard college here in berlin boards it's good to see you
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again 1st things 1st let's talk about money do we know help president biden plans to finance this $2.00 trillion dollars project. well what he said in his speech about the infrastructure plan is that he's planning to pay for it in the long run and that means he's going to text corporations and rich people which is quite the opposite of what what donald trump the a couple of years ago so this is the plan and this is what he's done telling us so far but we haven't seen any more concrete figures what do you think of comparisons with president roosevelt's new deal or president johnson's great society i mean the new deal helped pull america out of the depression the great society attack poverty and even reduced infant mortality is this plan that grand. well i think it is in terms of numbers and i think it even goes way back before
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franklin to roosevelt i mean if we think of abraham lincoln and the rainbow infrastructure we think even of the canal infrastructure there's many examples in american history starting with xander hamilton really and henry clay if where there was heavy investment in infrastructure and we tend to forget this because we oftentimes emphasize how much of a liberal market economy how much of illicit affair system the u.s. is but there is a distinct tradition and i think biden really resonates with this kind of tradition yeah which is take a listen to held president biden framed his infrastructure plan yesterday when he presented it in pittsburgh take a listen. truly believe room. look back on this time. as a fundamental choice. between democracies not talkers. you know there's a lot of autocrats in the world think the reason why they're going to win is
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democracies can reach consensus and. talkers used to. competition between america and china the rest of the world was all about. morris is this infrastructure plan is it also part of america's answer to the china challenge in this 21st century. absolutely i think it is and i think the framing is very interesting and it's also very reminiscent of earlier moments in history with us in order to muster the political will really needed some kind of an opponent so it's quite interesting if we think of the railroad system it's the civil war we think of the cold war it's the inter interstate highway system everything that's in the i pad and the i phone all the technology comes out of the cold war so these kinds of investments have existed before and they need some kind of an opposition so so i find it quite striking that that by this framing it in
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this would if this cements the bipolar rivalry between the u.s. and china what does it mean then for europe i mean what do america's allies stand to gain from that. well i think there is a new type of thinking about what the state is supposed to do for economies to work even in germany there's been a discussion in the last 2 or 3 years about industrial policy and picking winners reanimate socog who is a very famous economist who is i think one of the leading voices in this debate and i think there is the assumption that markets fail and states are not just too there to fix them they need to provide certain goods for democracies to thrive and if these public goods don't exist there are other regime types which i would say aren't as desirable as a democracy yeah i mean that's a good point and it also sounds like the answer to ronald reagan who said that government was the problem and here you have president biden it sounds like he's
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saying government is the solution let me for we run out of time let me ask you about the pandemic factor would it be in your opinion do you think this large jest 2 trillion dollars do you think it would have been put on paper had there not been a pandemic well the earlier package that we've seen is definitely a response to that now however if we look at the campaign of biden's he has always made clear that he was well he was trying to do or 2 to implement a green new deal without calling it a green new deal and i think it's caught some people by surprise by hold how progressive he actually is. right john. i was going to call you boris johnson boris boris foreman barking khalid's thank you let's get this author to thank you have have a good weekend. you too. well that 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan was high on the agenda today when president biden convened his entire cabinet for the
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1st time at the white house 10 weeks since his inauguration by now has basically the entire cabinet all the proof by the u.s. senate and all in place to carry out the business of the executive branch presidents always have a cabinet but no president has ever assembled a cabinet as diverse and representative of all americans as the one that met today i want you to take a listen to biden's pledge and some of his nominees taking their oath of office by naresh cabinet it will be a historic cabinet that looks like america i desperately fighting for hope. but i kept an eye michael reagan that taps into the best of america that opens doors to someone i slam is solemnly swear that i will support that i will or and the constitution of the united states the constitution of the united center field help me so help me god and includes the full range of talents we have in this
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nation. and that is what happened today at the white house to talk about that i'm joined now by our washington bureau chief in his post good evening to you it is when i compared the photos of today's cabinet meeting with the cabinet of former president donald trump i mean the difference is striking biden has presented a diverse cabinet with a lot of firsts including the 1st native american tell us about that. right this is the 1st time in history right that the cabinet really reflects the diversity of this country of immigrants however there were people living in the united states before immigrants from europe took over and indeed these were native americans therefore the role of the former new mexico congresswoman deb holland cond be overestimated brand the member of the tribe is the 1st native american cabinet member ever and in her role as interior secretary hollande
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will be in charge of the federal government's relationship with native american land and native activists have complained for you is that the gov the federal government has. and by building pipelines and causing destruction all that was out there in put so they hope now that was holland they finally have an advocate in the white tones that will protect them from future abuse and there is also a cabinet member used to be called mayor peach he is the 1st openly gay cabinet member. right the only 39 year old former. mayor and 2020 presidential candidate pete but it is biden's transportation secretary and we just have heard about his huge huge
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trillion dollar infrastructural build so he will play a major a crucial role in biden cabinet and if he is able to pass this very ambitious bill he might be actually the 1st. president of the united states it is possible that is true and to tell us about the other 1st in this new cabinet briefly if you could. yeah so this is. former fed chair janet yellen she is the 1st woman treasury secretary also though i'd austin is a name we should remember he's the latest on this very diverse history making cabinet at the white house today thank you. europe and those who would like to call it home for years the european union has faced criticism over its treatment of migrants critics usually point to greece
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where thousands of asylum seekers are housed often in inhumane conditions 5 greek islands near the turkish coast have become known as hotspots where refugees live in overcrowded unsanitary conditions more than a 3rd are children mostly without access to education that he uses turkey should take them as part of a deal reached with 5 years ago but some say that deal is a human rights disaster. sunder and florian schmidt report on the situation on the island. a prominent guest at the news most notorious migration hotspots well if you commit if you once onto it michael when he camped in a guarded convoy earlier this week journalists were given a rare opportunity to visit the nicer parts of the overcrowded facility scenes of women exercising in the spring some starkly contrast these pictures from last
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winter when residents had to hold on to their tents. we need djoko from the democratic republic of congo he tells us he has been here for 16 months. we are living on without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is a sad fate we face. more than 13000 people are stuck in these hot spots in the north of gene islands as part of a system designed to help greece cope with high numbers of irregular arrivals as part of the e.u.'s 26000 migration deal with turkey greek authorities with e.u. support have to examine whether each person arriving here has a right to asylum those whose claims are rejected must return to turkey and as long as asylum seekers don't have an answer they can't leave the islands critics claim this model is simply not working because it creates a situation of deep injustice because people are kept in some cases for many years in the home. and as we've seen the conditions there. they're really not effective
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and if we look at the coach of auditor's report on the hot spots for instance they show that extremely expensive and not serving the original purposes of rock decision on cases instead of setting up appropriate infrastructure to deal with asylum cases in a swift manner 5 years on from when the deal was signed with or to use our operating emergency even the e.u. commissioner your hands on agrees this system has to change i don't want to have hotspots i would like to have proper reception facilities but people should not stay for long and then. system we need to europeanize migration issue and to stand by each other and not leave any member state or alone. the e.u. commission has proposed a new approach to asylum under which asylum applications would be processed within
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days at the blocks external borders but critics fear this might lead to a situation similar to what we're seeing today caught spots all over again. where joining me now is the architect of that $26.00 teenie you turkey deal mr jerrold canals he is the founding chairman of the european stability initiative think tank which focuses on e.u. foreign policy mr canalis it's good to have you on the program next week the top officials head to turkey for talks with president russia tie affair to one on migration and trade what will they do with the plan that you drafted are they going to revamp it or are they going to kill it well and that important respect this plan or statement that was reached 5 years ago has broken down already why do you hear it go all the last has refused to take
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anybody from the greek islands. the european union has not put on the table any similar package of assistance for the 3 it has 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees in turkey so the key commitments made 5 years ago are no longer there and the result is actually been of us we've seen very few arrivals but we've seen a breakdown of the rule of law with pushbacks in the aegean sea and people being kept on these islands without any prospect of ever being returned for actually no reason at all so what we have at the moment and that it is very much to be hoped that you understand it can be reached between the european union and turkey building on what the 1st 4 years and correcting what will mr cuz i mean i want to be clear about his you're saying that turkey is not to doing what it has promised to do but you're also saying that the european union is also not paying turkey the money that it promised is that correct. no the european union promised 36000000000
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to be committed in 4 years that happens and the european union did not put on the table another offer for the next few years although the number of refugees in turkey keeps growing. turkey has agreed to take people back from the greek islands it did so for 4 years it was the fault of their silent system of greece we have the european union supporting it that we didn't have we get decisions taki that said what a year ago that its side of the deal was off as well so at the moment we have no agreement and what we are seeing now which is the breakdown of the rule of law is actually the world without an agreement if we don't reach one this is how it will look for the next months years which is basically the end of the refugee convention i'd like for you to take a listen to what e.u. commission president underlie and have said about this take
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a listen we will further gauge with turkey on issues such as migration financing high level dialogues and modernizing the customs union if turkey does not move forward construction constructively if it returns to unilateral actions or provocations we would suspend these cooperation measures. so there you have virtually from the line saying if turkey doesn't do this we will not do that we in brussels that i'm corrupt on both sides that is the end it will be transactional negotiations what do you offer what do you want but the point is that it is also will reach an outcome that is good for both sides the question for european union is is it's going to put on the table something that is meaningful to turkey don't forget turkey has 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees 3 times more than the whole european union so far european union to want to help for all in a humane way irregular migration it is obvious that there needs to be support not
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just for the refugees in turkey already but also for another $3000000.00 at least where internally it is based in syria close to the turkish border currently being supported in the humanitarian way through turkey so i guess the question is what will the european union put on the table at the same time techie has an interest in a new agreement because due to the breaking down of the day we meant it's not that more people reach europe it's just that the european union is being more brutal pushing people to get their land than just the border so check you know that moment is actually losing the most significant support one of the needs to happen and what needs to happen then you're it sounds like you're saying that the european union needs to put down a lot of money on the table to convince turkey to treat syrian refugee use humanely is that what that's what you're saying right. well tekkie has 3 and
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a half 1000000 refugees already 700000 children refugee children going to schools one what 8000000 receiving social support funded by the european union this needs to continue it's in the interest of the refugees of turkey and of the e.u. the humanitarian conditions in a title of economic crisis added from demi off these refugees does not syria rate but you're saying if you say anything more money the right the rich are saying europe needs to pay more money. because the 6000000000 promised in march 2016 had already all be dedicated to projects so the question really is is there a serious commitment by the european union to that is not just group of refugees in any country in the world at the moment and it's in the mutual interest it's also morally the right thing well it sounds like what you're saying for the for the europeans this is about how much money they're willing to spend what do you think this is then for turkey does turkey see these syrian refugees as just
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a bargaining chip in order to milk the european union for as much money as possible is that what's going on here. well if you have 3 and a half 1000000 refugees and the number is increasing every year by a 100000 simply threw us so a half a 1000000 in 5 years then i don't think the language of milking the e.u. is appropriate i mean techie knows and we should all hope that it remains a way out that these people will not be able to return to syria any time soon seriousness droit they are still fighting in arts of the country in the all theories and i'm easy ceasefire many of the displaced in syria are not returning ida so these 1000000 of its of people will stay in turkey for the foreseeable future there is an economic crisis there is a pandemic there is a collapse of tourism it is in the mutual interest to help them it's not just this that is interesting that he wants other things and so there will need to be
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negotiations so that an agreement as 5 years ago has reached a place that implemented fairly and efficiently for mispronounce when they meet and when the news comes out from that meeting please come back on the show we'd like to talk with you again and we'd like to get your assessment of what they do decide in turkey mr gerald can else we appreciate your time in your insights tonight thank you thank you. well the day is almost done but the conversation continues online you're find us on twitter either d.w. news or you can follow me at brant goff t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll leave you tonight with some images that reflect the turmoil deep under the surface of our planet mount etna on the italian island of sicily has been erupting for weeks now and scientists say the volcano shows no sign of going quiet anytime soon take a look. and
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. think.
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you. can africa. do young visionaries. with a dream of. jonestown and magic and said you can dissociate innovation and got any talent to come here to learn how to turn their ideas into successful businesses i never knew. that's what i'm doing this week i am now. in my country code for. the next on t w. i know the besides the congo's ultra wealthy the. rich and famous in one of the poorest country who was responsible for this in the democratic republic of the condo and most importantly how are they doing it. millionaires
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of g.m. . in 45 minutes on t w. i think is everything challenging for something to make a muslim. so much different culture between here and there challenging for him. to some of the same think it was worth it for me to come to germany. shop a month ago my license to work as a swimming instructor to be sure now our 2 children wanted us to spread our stuff just to see. what's your story take part charity on info migrants dot net.
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