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tv   Der Tag  Deutsche Welle  April 2, 2021 12:00am-12:30am CEST

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or the. uncle goes well. the industry is controlling your thoughts the great books of the 20th century. present a hoax is. that memory manufacturing ignorance starts may 3rd g.w. . this is news and these are our top stories. deposed leader aung sun suu kyi faces the charges that could see her bad from holding office she is accused of breaking a colonial era official secrets law angry supporters burned copies of mia mas military inspired constitution in protest 2 months after the army seized power the
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un special envoy is warning of a possible civil war and says i bloodbath could be imminent. u.s. president joe biden has convened his 1st cabinet meeting at the white house biden i am to propose to promote to his new 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan the senate confirmed his full cabinet last week has described it as the most diverse in u.s. history. police have clashed with a large crowd gathered in a brussels park after a fight concert was announced as an april fool's day prank thousands of young people defied the ban on large gatherings as infection numbers in belgium search police say 22 people were arrested. this is news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and facebook or you can go to our web site to be found at dot com.
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when joe biden became u.s. president to he told his country and the world that america is back and now biden wants to put his money where his mouth is tax money $2.00 trillion dollars biden is proposing an unprecedented infrastructure plan that does more than repair roads and bridges think green energy social engineering tonight the world's leading superpower holding on to that title by investing in a major make over of itself and the rest of the world to go off in berlin this is the day. not a plan that triggers around the edges. it's a once in a generation investment roughly 2 trillion dollars in the near future you can't
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delay can't delay to the minute on infrastructure is crumbling you know there's a lot of autocrats in the world and think the reason why they're going to win this democracy is can't reach consensus in the sense of competition between them or china the rest of the world is 50 years people who look back you see this was a move. to the miracle of. the future. also coming up they are 5 greek islands known as europe's hotspots but it's not what you might think tonight the camps where refugees seeking asylum in europe often end up a legal limbo a horror of humanity. we're living on coming without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is a sock fake we face this this. to our viewers on
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p.b.s. in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day. with the revitalization retrofitting and reprogramming of the united states of america this week president biden unveiled a massive infrastructure plan that could define his presidency and redefine the american experience in the 21st century biden wants 2 trillion dollars to modernize america's infrastructure he says it will create millions of jobs provide broadband internet for everyone incentives for electric cars and renewable energy and programs to bridge the huge social gaps that have been revealed by the pandemic republicans called the proposal a trojan horse for progressive policies but biden's plan is already being compared to f.d.r.'s new deal or president lyndon johnson's great society this plan if passed will reach far beyond america's borders it could help thrust america's allies into the 21st century in terms of technology and it could ensure
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a sizable lead for the u.s. against china infrastructure is more than roads and bridges in america it is also about geopolitics and power. road builders in the us will soon have plenty of work to do infrastructure in the world's largest economy is in poor condition across the board. butte roads power or water to me and many key industries have long since moved abroad. with his 2 trillion dollars package u.s. president joe biden wants to give the entire country a make over like i'm proposing a plan for the nation that rewards work not just rewards well. the bills the fair economy to give everybody a chance to see it see who's going to create the strongest most resilient innovative economy in the world. his administration plans on modernizing
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32000 kilometers of road while repairing thousands of bridges half a 1000000 new charging stations will be built to accommodate the ever growing number of electric vehicles biden also wants to bring industries such as chip production back to the united states today computer chips are still mostly produced in asia. the whole project is expected to take 8 years to complete some of the funding will come from a corporate tax hike from 21 to 28 percent biden supporters folks say the program will create millions of well paid jobs and strengthen america's ability to compete with china oh yes but republicans in congress are already voicing opposition especially towards the corporate tax increase you know it's biden's predecessor slashed the rates by 14 percentage points to their current level.
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and to put this american infrastructure plan into a global context i'm joined tonight by boars foreman he's a professor of politics at bard college here in berlin and boris it's good to see you again 1st things 1st let's talk about money do we know help president biden plans to finance this $2.00 trillion dollars project. what he said in his speech about the infrastructure plan is that he's planning to well pay for it in the long run and that means he's going to text corporations and rich people which is quite the opposite of what what donald trump to the a couple of years ago so this is the plan and this is what he has been telling us so far but we haven't seen any more concrete figures what do you think of comparisons with president roosevelt's new deal or president johnson's great society i mean the new deal helped pull america out of the depression the great society attack poverty and even reduced infant mortality is this plan that grand.
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well i think it is in terms of numbers and i think it even goes way back before franklin to roosevelt i mean if we think of abraham lincoln and the rainbow infrastructure we think even of the canal infrastructure there's many examples in american history starting with xander hamilton really and henry clay if where there was heavy investment in infrastructure and we tend to forget this because we oftentimes emphasize how much of a liberal market economy how much of illicit affair this system of the u.s. is but there is a distinct tradition and i think biden really resonates with this kind of tradition yeah i want to take a listen to held president biden framed his infrastructure plan yesterday when he presented it in pittsburgh take a listen. truly believe room. look back on this time.
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as a fundamental choice. between democracies not talkers. you know there's a lot of autocrats in the world think the reason why they're going to win is democracies can reach consensus and do. what tucker says too. that's a competition between america and china the rest of the world is all about. so morris is this infrastructure plan is it also part of america's answer to the china challenge in this 21st century. absolutely i think it is and i think the framing is very interesting and it's also very reminiscent of earlier moments in history with the u.s. in order to muster the political will really needed some kind of an opponent so it's quite interesting if you think of the railroad system it's the civil war if you think of the cold war it's the enter interstate highway system everything that's in the i pad and the i phone all the technology comes out of the cold war so these kinds of investments have existed before and they need some kind of an
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opposition so so i find it quite striking that that bitless framing it in this would be if this cements the bipolar rivalry between the u.s. and china what does it mean then for europe i mean what do america's allies stand to gain from this. well i think there is a new type of thinking about what the state is supposed to do for economies to work even in germany there's been a discussion in the last 2 or 3 years about industrial policy and picking winners reanimate socog who is a very famous economist who is i think one of the leading voices in this debate and i think there is the assumption that markets fail and states are not just too there to fix them they need to provide certain goods for democracies to thrive and if these public goods don't exist there are other regime types which i would say aren't as desirable as a democracy yeah i mean that's
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a good point and it also sounds like the answer to ronald reagan who said that government was the problem and here you have president biden it sounds like he's saying government is the solution let before we run out of time let me ask you about the pandemic factor would it in your opinion do you think this large yes 2 trillion dollars do you think it would have been put on paper had there not been a pandemic well the earlier package that we've seen is definitely a response to that now however if we look at the campaign of biden's he has always made clear that he was well he was trying to do or to to to implement a green new deal without calling it a green new deal and i think it's caught some people by surprise by hold how progressive he actually is. right course john. i was going to call you boris johnson boris boris foreman barking khalid's thank you let's get this over to thank
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you have a have a good weekend. well the 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan was high on the agenda today when president biden convened his entire cabinet for the 1st time at the white house 10 weeks since his inauguration by now has basically the entire cabinet all the proof by the u.s. senate and all in place to carry out the business of the executive branch presidents always have a cabinet but no president has ever assembled a cabinet as diverse and representative of all americans as the one that met today i want you to take a listen to biden's pledge and some of his nominees taking their oath of office by naresh cabinet it will be a historic cabinet that looks like america. and i differ hope i can remind our viewers where i thought i might be in that taps into the best of america that opens doors to some nice land it's only right. that i live for and the
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constitution of the united states the constitution of the united states are filled help me so help me god and includes the full range of talents we have in this nation. and that is what happened today at the white house to talk about that i'm joined now by our washington bureau chief in his post good evening to you it is when i compared the photos of today's cabinet meeting with the cabinet of former president donald trump made the difference it is striking biden has presented a diverse cabinet with a lot of firsts including the 1st native american tell us about that. right this is the 1st time in history right that the cabinet really reflects the diversity of this country of immigrants however there were people living in the united states before immigrants from europe took over and indeed these were native americans therefore the role of the former new mexico congresswoman deb holland cond be overestimated brand the member of the lagoon up the 1st native american
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cabinet member ever and in her role as interior secretary hollande will be in charge of the federal government's relationship of native american land and native activists have complained for you is that the government federal government has. and by building pipelines and causing destruction all that was out there in put so they hope that was holland they finally have an advocate in the white house that will protect them from future abuse and there is also a cabinet member used to be called mayor pete he is the 1st openly gay cabinet member. right the only 39 year old former. mayor and 2020 presidential candidate pete but it is
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biden's transportation secretary and we just have heard about his huge huge trillion dollar infrastructural build so he will play a major a crucial role in biden cabinet and if he is able to pass this very ambitious bill he might be actually the 1st l.g.b. t.q. president of the united states it is possible that is true and to tell us about the other 1st in this new cabinet briefly if you could. yeah so this is. former fed chair janet yellen she is the 1st woman treasury secretary also lied all sin is a name he should remember he's the 1st african american defense secretary and he will be taking care of the middle east writes our washington bureau chief in this poll with the latest on this very diverse history making cabinet at the white house
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today thank you. europe and those who would like to call it home for years the european union has faced criticism over its treatment of migrants critics usually point to greece where thousands of asylum seekers are housed often in inhumane conditions 5 greek islands near the turkish coast have become known as hotspots where refugees live in overcrowded unsanitary conditions more than a 3rd are children mostly without access to education they need you says turkey should take them as part of a deal reached with 5 years ago but some say that deal is a human rights disaster. sunder and florian schmidt report on the situation on the island of. a prominent guest at the most notorious migration
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hotspots well e.u. commissioner is a human so into it muffled when he cam in a guarded convoy earlier this week journalists were given a rare opportunity to visit the nicer parts of the overcrowded facility scenes of women exercising in the spring some starkly contrast these pictures from last winter when residents had to hold on to their tents. we need djoko from the democratic republic of congo he tells us he has been here for 16 months. we are living like animals without documents but i've had my asylum interview already but i haven't had anything since this is a sad fate we face. more than 13000 people are stuck in these hot spots in the north of gene islands as part of a system designed to help greece cope with high numbers of irregular arrivals as part of the e.u.'s 26000 migration deal with turkey greek authorities with the e.u. support have to examine whether each person arriving here has
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a right to asylum those whose claims are rejected must return to turkey and as long as asylum seekers don't have an answer they can't leave the islands critics claim this model is simply not working because it creates a situation of deep injustice because people are kept in some cases for many years in the home. and as we've seen the conditions there are appalling they're really not effective and if we look at the coach of order to report on the hot spots for instance they show that extremely expensive and not serving the original purposes of rapid decision on cases instead of setting up appropriate infrastructure to deal with asylum cases in a swift manner 5 years on from when the deal was signed with or to use our operating emergency even you commissioner your own agrees this system has to change i don't want to have. to have proper reception facilities but people should not stay for long and then have a better. system we need to you p
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a nice migration issue and to stand by each other and not leave any member state or island alone. the e.u. commission has proposed a new approach to asylum under which asylum applications would be processed within days at the blocks external borders but critics fear this might lead to a situation similar to what we're seeing today hotspots all over again. we're joining me now is the architect of that 26 teenie you turkey deal mr jerrold canalis he is the founding chairman of the european stability initiative think tank which focuses on e.u. foreign policy mystics nelsons good to have you on the program next week the top officials head to turkey for talks with president russia tie your pair to one on migration and trade what will they do with the plan that you drafted are they going to revamp it or are they going to kill it well
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and that important respect this plan or statement that was reached 5 years ago has broken down already why do you hear it go all the last has refused to take anybody from the greek islands. the european union has not put on the table any similar package of assistance for the 3 it has 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees in turkey so the key commitments made 5 years ago are no longer there and the result is actually been of us we've seen very few rivals but we've seen a breakdown of the rule of law with pushbacks in the aegean sea and people being kept on these islands without any prospect of ever being returned for it's really no reason at all so what we have at the moment and that it is very much to be hoped that you understand it can be reached between the european union and turkey
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building on what did the 1st 4 years and correcting what never will mr because i mean i want to be clear about his you're saying that turkey is not to doing what it has promised to do but you're also saying that the european union is also not paying turkey the money that it promised is that correct. no the european union promised turkey 6000000000 to be committed in 4 years that happens and the european union did not put on the table another offer for the next few years although the number of refugees in turkey keeps growing. turkey has agreed to take people back from the greek islands it did so for 4 years it was the fault of their silences. of greece with the european union supporting it that we didn't have we get decisions taki that said what a year ago day it side of the deal was off as well so at the moment we have no agreement and what we are seeing now which is the breakdown of the rule of law is
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actually the world without an agreement if we don't reach one this is how it will look for the next months years which is basically the end of the refugee convention i'd like for you to take a listen to what e.u. commission president underlie and have said about this take a listen we will further engage with turkey on issues such as migration financing high level dialogues and modernizing the customs union if turkey does not move forward construction constructively if it returns to unilateral actions a provocation we would suspend these cooperation measures start so there you have virtually from the line saying if turkey doesn't do this we will not do that is that the right approach to have when e.u. officials go to turkey. well there is such low trust at the moment between brussels that i'm corrupt on both sides that in the end it will be transactional
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negotiations what do you offer what do you want but the point is that it is also will reach an outcome that is good for both sides the question for european union is is it going to put on the table something that is meaningful to turkey don't forget turkey has 3 and a half 1000000 syrian refugees 3 times more than the whole european union so far european union to want to help for all in a humane way irregular migration it is obvious that there needs to be support not just for the refugees in turkey already but also for another 3000000 at least internally displaced in syria close to the turkish border are currently being supported in the humanitarian way through turkey so i guess the question is what will the european union put on the table at the same time turkey has an interest in a new agreement because due to the breaking down of they dream and it's not that more people reach europe it's just that the european union is being more brutal
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pushing people back at their land that is the border so check in at that moment is actually losing most minister cannot support what is going to have because no one has to happen then you it sounds like you're saying that the european union needs to put down a lot of money on the table to convince turkey to treat syrian refugee use humanely is that what that's what you're saying right. well tekkie has 3 and a half 1000000 refugees already 7 than a 1000 children refugee children going to schools 108000000 receiving social support funded by the european union this needs to continue it's in the interest of the refugees of techie and of the e.u. the humanitarian conditions in a title of economic crisis added from demi off these refugees does not materially but you're saying if you say any more money the right the interesting europe needs to pay more money. because the 6000000000 promised in march 2016 had
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already all be dedicated to projects so the question really is is there a serious commitment by the european union to the lodges group of refugees in any country in the world at the moment and it's in the mutual interest it's also morally the right thing well it sounds like what you're saying for the for the europeans this is about how much money they're willing to spend what do you think this is then for turkey what does turkey see these syrian refugees as just a bargaining chip in order to milk the european union for as much money as possible is that what's going on here. well if you have 3 and a half 1000000 refugees and the number is increasing every year by a 100000 simply threw us so a half a 1000000 in 5 years then i don't think the language of milking you is appropriate i mean techie knows and we should all hope that it remains
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a way out that these people will not be able to return to syria any time soon seriousness droit they're still fighting in arts of the country in the loft areas and i'm easy ceasefire many of the displaced in syria are not returning ida so these 1000000 of its of people will stay in turkey for the foreseeable future there is an economic crisis there is a pandemic there is a collapse of tourism it is in their mutual interest to help them it's not just this that is interesting that he wants other things and so there will need to be negotiations so that if an agreement as 5 years ago is reached that is then implemented fairly and efficiently for mispronounce when they meet and when the news comes out from that meeting please come back on the show we'd like to talk with you again and we'd like to get your assessment of what they do decide in turkey mr gerald canals we appreciate your time and your insights tonight thank you thank you. well the day is almost done but the conversation continues online your
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find us on twitter either d.w. news or you can follow me at brant goff t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll leave you tonight with some images that reflect the turmoil deep under the surface of our planet mount etna on the italian island of sicily has been erupting for weeks now and scientists say the volcano shows no sign of going quiet anytime soon take a look. at
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. the. thinking. and. enter the conflicts on the governments of sri lanka has been strongly criticized of the un human rights council which warned of and exonerating situation in the country and the increase marginalize ation of minorities my guest this week is john i call i'm a geek 2nd street history line because far in this. physically johnson he's dumb enough to take the criticism seriously i'm still something about the conflicts of.
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the next doubling. every journey begins with the 1st step and every language but the 1st word published in the. code is in germany to learn german and why not with him it's simple online on your mobile and free to sapps d w z e learning course you can speak german media see. the fight against the coronavirus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing. measures are being taken. what does the latest research say. information and context. the coronavirus the co the special
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monday to friday on. any puzzle yourself it's not easy to go to another country you know nothing about why but i don't do this because we can't stay on venezuela. that. closely global news that matters. made for minds. on b.b.c. all these things well thank you don't know that you proud of living in a country where child get presidential pardon me. anyone doing something the government of sri lanka has been strongly criticised of the un human rights council which won't have a deteriorating situation in the country the erosion of judicial independence and the increased.

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