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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  April 1, 2021 12:30pm-1:01pm CEST

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christianity firmly established itself. both religious and secular leaders aren't there to display their power. trace began to. create the tallest biggest and the most beautiful structures. this is how massive churches are created. cultures the defeat rolls starts april 12th on d w. putting more jabs and more people's arms india is stepping up its coronavirus vaccination effort amid arising cases and to the detriment of countries waiting for shots made in india also on the show recovery hopes are growing in the world's 3rd largest economy the bank of japan saying business mood is up for the surge quarter in
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a row and as the number of boards in germany has grown farmers and shepherds say that poses a serious threat to their animals and their lives so. i'm chris cuomo welcome to the program india is expanding its coronavirus vaccination drive amid a fresh surge in infections as only 3 percent of the population in india are reported to have received doses so far the government is now aiming to vaccinate everyone over the age of 45 in order to cater to domestic demand india has even suspended vaccine shipments to other countries. on thursday india reported more than $72000.00 new covered cases the highest spike in 6 months with a total of $12000000.00 active cases india is the 3rd highest in the world experts say the country must accelerate its vaccination program and stringently follows social distancing we do absolutely important for us becoming
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a good to people that this is not a shuttle affair and it leaves for the next 4 to 6 months we had to remain very strongly. it was the among the people but also among the political decision makers and administrators that move and we sure like 50 of political will probably this is the way this gets an opportunity until now india has administered around 65. in vaccine doses to its own citizens and exported a similar quantity to 76 other countries but political pressure on the serum institute of india the world's largest maker of vaccines to reserve more for domestic use has resulted in delays for up to $90000000.00 doses which were destined for developing countries under the un backed kovacs program. for
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more in the store in the spring indeed over here correspondent new year ah in mumbai india how effective is this domestic vaccination drive likely to be. so right now as you as you have heard in the study that students students and a lot of pressure because they're osteen deferred action now. just because. of. 1000000 people who want to call what estimates people as half a keystone to 60000000 people in the deep and well back pseudomonas do you think is that because they are the biggest benefactors of them back seen in the war so they have been asking me should they have to get out of their production and right now it's being effective as they have been used to get also but more and more people need to be vaccinated as in a hospital because these are fighting in the biggest cities like mumbai in
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maharashtra not that i am a large so it is maybe it's getting a bit skating so that initial process has that. tell us more on the role india is playing when it comes to making corona virus vaccines. yeah i think the biggest manufacturer has set up an institute is leading the pack. and other vaccines also which. there is there is a part. in the 4th and they are also in soft. backseat. maybe early stages of getting the well musicians to start producing it in india and they once they have given it give it to indians they will start also sending it to other countries so right now it is doing its best to make sure all the indians are close to god and they will start sending it out say so them is leading the pack and they are in fact they have said it maybe you do are you sad that you have one good
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at their production act in the best 67 does that make him a visa domestic efforts in india has suspended vaccine exports how has that been received in the country and outside. in fact a gomez taken this this is huge and i'm going to go under the freshest because why ask people started knowing that the cases that i've been fighting in all the big cities in that all the big states there is that asking that was that was there in you should get the vaccine and the n.b.a. should say get out say so the government bill did this if you didn't pretty much i don't want to go actual suppression of the country so it gives out happy about it but also if you have to make sure they've shared and cared so right now people are making sure there are many have it go at it and you should know i have made it very clear that you do stop exporting it as. india is stepping up its vaccination efforts in iraq reporting from mumbai thank you. optimism that
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coronavirus vaccines will allow business to return to normal is one of the factors behind iraq of upbeat data in the asia pacific region today the closely watched tank our economic survey by the bank of japan shows growing optimism business conditions in the world's 3rd largest economy improved for the 3rd quarter in the row the news followed u.s. president biden's announcement of a 2 trillion dollar infrastructure plan which would also boost the toad's for more economic recovery. or markets man conrad burns and frankfurt has more on this conrad japan has been heavily hit by the pen demick what exactly has investors they're so upbeat. so kristie optimism in japan is really driven by what's going on outside japan the country itself struggled with strict lock downs in the major cities with you know office staff to work from home
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restaurants closing at 8 pm and of course there's the discussion about the tokyo elim pigs which would merely cancelled and now will only take place without visitors all this has not been very positive for sentiment of course on the other hand japanese businesses are expecting capital expenditures to be raised this year by 3 percent that's not a bad number and then there is exports of course the major focus of japanese businesses and here well the recovery the strong and swift recovery of the economy in china is giving reason to be optimistic as well as and you mentioned it already at the trillion u.s. dollar plans by the u.s. president to be spent on infrastructure conrad one wonders though how sustainable this optimism can be with countries like france under a fresh lockdown germany moldings stricter measures and cases rising in many other places. that's true but you know on the markets hopes are based
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on the future and let's not forget also the european union wants to spend 750000000000 euros are in the recovery followed by the european union called next generation e.u. so far not one cent of the money has been spent but eventually the money will be spent it will be translated into economic growth and take for example the situation of the german labor market the unemployment rate remains stable 77000 people have found a job in germany in march so it looks like yes the economy is on hold but it's ready to restart contribution in frankfurt thank you. and now to some of the other global business stories making news thailand is facing a severe drought as it enters its hot season threatening the country's farmers and the population in general has launched major groundwater operations deploying drilling machines and solar operators pumps nationwide to extract water wherever
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possible japanese car giant honda is recalling more than 620000 vehicles in the united states to replace potentially faulty fuel pumps the recall includes the model c r v the company's top selling s.u.v. in the u.s. on the describes the move as a precautionary measure and says there have been no reports of crashes or injuries so far. for now the age old battle between farmers and wolves has taken on a new twist here in germany wolves were extinct in germany over 150 years only making a comeback in the last couple of decades there now are about a 1000 wells mostly in northern and eastern germany and it is for big to hunt them but now farmers say packs of wolves are attacking our animals and their livelihoods . these great baronies dogs are
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a special breed trained to defend flocks of sheep and ward off wolf attacks 10 such dogs all working at got young because sheep farm in germany's luna book heath region the shepherdess with the team every even ing he watches over his flock with a night vision device despite the dogs the patrol and it gets are needed because the local wolves are hungry using cameras yank and his colleagues have to numerous wolf attacks. the thing about wolves is that they don't kill an animal and eat it we could live with that but they attack as long as they see something fleeing they run after it into kill it or injured so badly that we have to put it down the next day. get young kill last 102 out of his 700 sheep to wolf attacks last year that's
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a loss of 15000 euros which gets reimbursed by the state of lower saxony despite the help the extra effort to protect the flock is enormous his 3 employees must put up ever higher electric fences to deter the wolves the sheep have to be guarded $24.00 seventh's and extra expense in man hours that no one is reimbursing additionally there's the upkeep for the 10 guard dogs and despite all of this effort the wolves attack the flock again and again. she was pregnant with triplets the unborn lambs will be out of the belly these are images that are really difficult in the long run here. just 10 kilometers away a wolf pack has struck overnight 3 sheep from a hobby breeder were torn apart in an area very close to the houses there are an estimated 1000 wolves in germany they are protected by law and cannot be hunted.
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environmental activists like klaus bulla jaan campaign for the preservation of wolves in germany he says damages by a wolves are an unfortunate reality he assumes the wolf population will increase considerably in this at the end of the day from a conservation point of view we do want the wolf to reestablish himself here we go and see the time. but shepherd got young kid doesn't want to accept any more wolves he wants stricter regulation of wolf packs he says if nothing changes he will soon have to give up his sheep farm. and finally japan's efforts to become a carbon free society have been boosted by the launch of a 0 emissions solar powered train starting this month the train will service a 2.8 kilometer line north of tokyo the average carbon dioxide output of the line
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right now is about $300.00 tons per year but this will reduce to virtually 0 with the new solar power train that's according to the offer it or japan's rail firms are celebrating their moves to green energy and. power. all aboard the sun express that's our show thanks for watching every selfish successful. in. the fight against the coronavirus pandemic. has the rate of infection in developing what does the latest research say. information and contacts the coronavirus update . on t w. in
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a globalized world. where everything is connected. all it takes is a school. to set things in motion. local hero show called their ideas can change the world. 3000. d.w. . when night falls when we can finally forget about the virus and close the bedroom door to spend time with our pocket. nothing happens in fact births are declining around the world is this what the future holds in store. there will still be babies but perhaps less many countries are reporting
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historically low birth rates during the pandemic as much as 10 percent less in some places. family planning to ring the coronavirus pandemic has become difficult after all it's hard to get into the mood or be optimistic about the future during a pandemic. hello welcome to october 19th special i want to get jones and berlin a city that doesn't feel like it's going to be to set it anytime soon there's still enough hustle and bustle despite the pandemic but who knows what the future holds and it's that question that seems to keep many couples from having kids now. the children's playground eerily quiet the numbers are out italians are having far fewer babies during the pandemic. they too have had to put their family planning on hold more in admin chancel just bought a new home in a suburb of baghdad
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a big step for the young couple and everything is ready for the next. comment i made my meaning this will be the children's room it has yet to be set up we want to put in one or 2 beds depending on the. we also have some space downstairs which could become another room for the children. and i had. been changed and i were planning on getting married last summer before there but they had to postpone because of the pandemic and having kids before marriage for the 2 devout catholics was not an option glad of the union it asked in a funny. thing for us marriage means union and creating a family of our own marriage home family and children moving was supposed to be after the wedding but we had to switch on a little. while the individual reasons differ of the situation is emblematic for
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hundreds of thousands of couples across the nation wanted to have children. exactly 9 months after the start of the lockdown in december here in italy the birth rate dropped by more than 20 percent compared to the previous year with many couples calling off their plans to have kids the birth rate in italy has reached a historic low but even before the pen demick italy was left trailing behind most of its neighbors on average women in the e.u. had a 1.55 children in 2018 in sweden this number was 1.76 in germany 1.57 and italy 2nd to last in the e.u. with just 1.29 births the per woman. it is too early to determine with certainty what exactly is causing italian numbers to drop even further says hall geologist giuliani villainy the pandemic is likely affecting couple sex life but more importantly financial security seems to be the driving factor in the decision not to have kids. i think. young capos are becoming
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much more economic rationale then emotional convinced that it's important to have another child so there may be more worried about the future of children buying a house postponing marriage while working full time for the moment in chance with maureen i have a lot on their plate but that hasn't changed their wish to start a family of their own has soon as the time is right natalie nature is deputy head of the laboratory for fertility and wellbeing of the max planck institute in rostock and she is joining us now good to have you with us let's start with the obvious how house the pandemic impacted the demographics so far quite of bits we have seen a lot of excess mortality in many countries in the world i think that is currently
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the biggest factor but births are also going to be much affected as we are just starting to see and then of course migration has been halted it across europe and the united states that's another factor that is affecting the demographics right now. so there are various factors but let's stick to having babies so what all the driving factors for couples decide whether or not to have children. yeah before i get to that let me summarize a little bit of what we know you know births happen 9 months after conception so we just got data in from a variety of high income countries for births that occurred between november 2020 and generally 21 and what we do see is a huge baby bust across the high income world for example spain and generally has seen a decline of about 20 percent compared to 1st in 21000. not all countries are affected specifically southern europe eastern europe also taiwan south korea nordic countries and germany interestingly haven't seen that decline yet but of course the
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story is still unfolding. people are handling handling the worries differently or is there some saying a common thread to that you see. that's a really good question and honestly we don't know yet as the story is still unfolding couple's fertility behavior is affected by many factors 1st the needs of a couple so partnering is a is a big piece in that story and partnering is certainly right now. kind of disrupted by the by the distancing measures i expect that partnering. effects will only be seen later on in declining birth right now it's probably economic insecurity that couples had during the 1st wave anxiety about health about what does it mean if i get sick if i have a baby now so i think couples during the 1st looked ons have postponed and not knowing if they will catch up later which would you say that this is all in the mind are we talking about existential worries getting in the way or all those
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worries are actually affecting a woman's a women's fertility in a biological way. you know that's a video question i don't think mind and body can be disentangled that much because literature in epidemiology actually shows that stress and worries and emotions really affect help. system also probably the reproductive system interestingly enough. the literature is all in the medical and epidemiological realm and we don't know yet much in fertility and demographic literature how health shifts or worry shifts may affect fertility rates later on but i do think worrying is not only affecting behavior and being more careful with contraception perhaps lowering sex drive but also could have effects on the reproductive system i've seen article on a regular menstrual cycles of women that have increased during the lockdowns that could have effects on of your lation so that would be stress affects but then there
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could also be of course covert effects on pregnancies and reproduction which we still know very little about that is still unfolding and the studies of course i mean we pretty much every day something new about this pandemic and you just mentioned you know social distancing obviously doesn't help when it comes to get babies do you think that couples will catch up one of the viruses under control what do we know from previous pandemics. yeah that's a good question from previous pandemics for example the flu 918 pandemic we do know are 14 to 18 that there was a big baby bust so births decline that was followed by a catch up quite a hump that is usually what we see after these disastrous events disasters recessions that affect fertility to decline but here you know it's a very different situation it's an economic crisis it's a health crisis and we really don't know when it's going to be over yet so i assume there could be small declines and small harms for example the 1st wave depression
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and fertility could be followed by a little bit of a hump maybe in the births that didn't happen during the summer but now people are seeing on oh this is lasting so another postponement could be going on it's very difficult to predict but the distance i certainly has affects the fault not find it part 2nd families who are very stressed taking care of the children were not going to school. will likely postpone having another child that could very well happen so we could see decreases you know 1st burst 2nd verse this will still unfold ok and you keep an eye and it's not telling you to from the max planck institute thank you so much. well here's some news. just announce that vaccine is 100 percent effective in 12 to 15 year olds some good news even if the pace of vaccinations is still an even around the globe time for derek to answer your questions. if some countries vaccinate
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now ahead of us may 10th will it impact the dry success and vaccinated populations . very likely would months look at the current playing field for a minute as of today well over 550000000 doses have gone into arms worldwide in just a few months sounds great until you consider that around 2 thirds of them went to people in just 5 countries with another quarter of them distributed in only 15 others including many countries in europe just 10 percent of all those says have been given and the world's other 175 nations for the obvious reasons this is a huge problem ethically but it also poses a clear danger to both backs unaided and unvaccinated a light that's because in the last several months we've seen the emergence of
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dangerous new variants known for complicated reasons related to how it replicates source code due to doesn't mutate as quickly as some other viruses out there the flu mutates much faster for instance but but the corona virus does change and theory says evolutionary pressure from measures like mass vaccination can cause it to change faster. although it's an unscientific way to describe the situation you can think of our vaccination drives as an attempts to corner the virus and stamp it out while it's on the other hand constantly looks for an escape route it's already like trying to herd cats and the longer we leave people un vaccinated hence unprotected the more and better opportunities we give the virus to mutate into forms that might be more contagious or more deadly or simply unaffected by our
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vaccines so 'd 'd it's a kind of race to control the virus before it can change in those ways and if we stumble in that race by not vaccinating everyone fast enough the virus will very likely rebound in new forms also in countries that thought they vaccinated their way out of trouble. that's all for now thanks for watching.
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one continent. 700000000 people. with their own personal stories. we explore every day life for. what europeans fear and what they hope
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for. some concerts on the world. in 30 minutes on d.w. entered the conflict zone the government chose sri lanka has been strongly criticized the u.n. human rights council for more limited raging situation in the country i mean chris marginalise ation of minorities my guest this week is john locke oh i'm a huge 2nd she just really lanka's foreign ministry physically johnson. some of those who take the criticisms seriously i'm still something about the conflict so for 90 minutes on d w. w's crime fighters are back at africa's most successful radio drama series continues all of the zones are available online and of course you can share and discuss on w.
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africa's facebook page and other social media platforms for a crime fighter to me and now. i think is everything channing i'm a muslim. so much different culture between here and there so a challenge in court if. some of the same i think it was worth it for me to come to germany. got my license to work as a swimming instructor shannara 2 children 100 adults just one of the toughest district. what's your story take part sheriff on info migrants dot net.
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this is news law from berlin a chilling verdict on democracy in hong kong 7 profile activists could face years in prison after a court convicts them for unlawful assembly it is the latest blow to the democracy movement that once attracted millions are hong kong now too afraid to speak up. also coming up the united nations was.

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