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tv   Istanbul bebt  Deutsche Welle  February 19, 2021 4:15am-5:00am CET

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that's it for now coming up next as our coverage night train special stay tuned for that don't forget you can always get more news on the day deadly news at and at the deadly dot com at any time or full of our stories and her spawn the instagram and twitter handle is at the news i'm anthony how it i'll have more news headlines for you at the top of. the fight against the corona virus pandemic. has the rate of infection been developing what does the latest research say. information and contacts the coronavirus update 19 specials. on t w. imagine how many push homeless are thrown out in the uk right now climate change may finish off a story. this is much less a way from just one week. how much one can really get.
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we still have time to a. subset. of subscribers in morning news like this. trying to beat mark down fatigue some europeans have been crossing borders fleeing to countries where they can enjoy more freedom like switzerland and spain although you know every story other just. seeing the restaurants open is a little shock because in paris it's depressing everything is closed all the blinds are lowered here you can feel there's more human warmth and you can finally eat at a restaurant on a terrace it's a feeling that would been missing for quite some time. no it's not just sun
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seekers what so many tourists really want is a slice of the free life they feel their countries no longer offer. but what does that mean for everyone else. all the snow is melting in much of europe case numbers are falling officials are easing restrictions and tourists are on the move again the question is with different parts of the continent moving at different speeds and with the ongoing threat of new variance could we find ourselves in trouble again. meeting friends and enjoying drinks in the sun a rare pastime these days but possible in madrid and that's why the spanish capital has become a refuge for young tourists from france it's so so depressing being in a country that is nothing's open it's gloomy all day you have to be back there's a curfew it at 6 you can even see your friends there are no cafes there's no you know you can't sit down with anyone you literally can't do anything in in france.
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in madrid coronavirus restrictions are less strict than in other parts of europe and negative p.c.r. test was enough for izzy to do 19 years to come here she didn't have to quarantine and also brought her friend i come here there's there's friends there is. to mazing it's a dream come true. a dream that theodore start and i you koby have also precede the students live in germany and are spending a few days here they planned the trip with friends knowing that germany has advised its population to avoid traveling tyrus countries. somehow you feel bad if you travel because other people are self isolating and you're not supposed to travel at the moment. but i don't think you can stay at home for a whole year either. we want to see the world while we're in the prime of our lives
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the very major it's police sometimes have to break up illegal parties held after curfew with participants ignoring current contact restrictions which is ideal for the spread of the virus this party was organized by french tourists. people to know what is interesting we've had to intervene on several occasions all the participants were foreigners who'd come to madrid for a short time 2 or 3 days they rent an apartment and then they party. the. fines for these offenses during a pandemic start at 600 euros spanish authorities are in contact with their french counterparts illegal parties also worry dr laura sons in the end they all contribute to more infections that get in america so we already have to be very careful with family members and in our everyday lives unnecessary contact has to be avoided the young people we met this afternoon in madrid think both can work being
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responsible and enjoying the freedoms of life we do all the p.c.r. test and everything we wear the mask when we have to we don't want to bother spanish people you know we just want to leave again and in france we can to do that from now madrid is one of the few cities in europe that still allies some leeway though that could change at any time. we saw them out here is an environmental and health research or with the spanish national research council the grass is always greener on the other side but what can be the consequences of a little trip over the border to shake off the quarantine blues so to say. well the main consequence is that you may get infected people may think when they go to planes that may look at the average infection rate but actually they are going to make small almost like think we really people who are the highest. there that they
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think they're doing. is that they have been the only input in the on the glee is much more is much more so than owning thanks and where you will it be people are being thanked and they can be traced by day concert is this because this is the one who's going to go back in 20 different places across europe. and then you will have new cases in very different mindsets so you are going to really have the service that on top of that of the kinetic and what's the likelihood of their actions leading to not only the spread of the virus but also the creation of a new and possibly deadly a buriat little thing is it the more all cases we have i guess is the life that will get you are yes i mean i actually see what you i and . that of course and that was the need to control you know my son comes on you are and. they are friends. and i'm very friendly regions
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so going to where there is hiking number of cases it east would increase to not only your model community but also oxley and the rest of it the rest of europe basically the rest of places where all their cure is maybe coming also at least list so what's the solution close the borders and close them quickly. i think the solution is silly morris to teach it would i'm alive in this tony nation on european level the sadness and integrating on long term planning that really acknowledges that this is a long term fight and that we need to be cases all that is something and when it's when they are in he a waste of money and lives then what i would suggest is to have a system of transposing with different measures are in force and only. hope the country who grows older is to protect all those but my impression is that countries
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close in borders and people coming in are infected is not the solution under solution east air yet we i mean fiction writing being the ones that most horse protect the rest of of the nature of the rest of europe so which countries here in europe of god that strategy right would you say. that i mean we have wrong the worst examples on the on the best example the worst examples are all include a u.k. where it was very i mean he needs approach and not clearly. he and you are a radical 0 and then it grows borders a guy on. the outside out unclaimed you spoke always another has to be protected from mubarak and. then proceed to develop a state and i think about raleigh one of the end of the best examples it has been very proc you can take the message in the beginning of the epidemic and then when
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he had number of cases it closed borders and i think the main reason was that the networks. was that be the way it was presented and then in between i mean most countries. approach the problem probably by being this would be very out on european starting to think about is what is actually locking the funding to support others for the diesel solo player in the. why can't the politicians get a ride i mean they've got you guys the scientists the research is in the area. well decision making so if you will and i understand that it has been that you sent for google and if i did and then it probably isn't in general our paper so that has been extremely over at the front. are all ready to make sure of it. and it seemed you know elections of fighting some fights. being the way it.
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sort of planning on top of that and then it is the worst combination juries though he said about me i thank you very much for joining us today from the spanish national research council thanks a lot and keep sending in your question says his alice science guy derek williams with his latest q. and a on the court of ours. what will the longer term impact on the generation growing up with called the 19 b. . this is a very tough topic for kids and young people and also their parents and i think it makes sense to look at it from 2 different angles the 1st is the question of how the disease can affect a young person's physical health which in some ways for me at least as a parent has surprisingly turned into the less scary aspect of the equation that's
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because it's grown clearer that as a general rule the younger the person the less severe the symptoms of coded 19 tend on average to be if you get it i don't want at all to imply that children or young people out there haven't suffered and died from it many have but that happens a lot less frequently than it does in adults especially in older adults the question of possible long haul or effect saying kids this is kind of a separate one data is still too sparse to say much of anything about that with certainty we'll only know more when more time has passed what's also already clear however is the longer term effects that proven 1000 will have on the other important aspect of this issue it's psychological and it's developmental impacts for a lot of older kids and young adults all over the world the opportunities like internships
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and entry level jobs that provide a springboard into life is not dulled have just disappeared in the last year and that's led to a social crisis of unprecedented dimensions in that age group i think that will unquestionably have long term consequences and for younger children and teenagers where we're socialization play. it's such a key role in developments and because education is so closely linked to certain stages of it educators and experts say the effects of shutting preschools and schools are going to be severe and long term just how severe will depend on how much longer the pandemic continues.
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finally the pandemic has brought back a fable winter tradition in canada we leave you with the backyard ice rink families are installing personalized patches to avoid skating old playing hockey in crowded public places the instructions are easy to find online the number of family outdoor rinks in québec has doubled from past winters to almost 1600 days here. thanks for watching i. mean. america is back the new president's words to the world aren't clear but is biden's america too damaged to lead the knot has changed in recent years and the big question is how our own allies position sounds richard walker explores the assy is america's momentum global dominance simply coming to an end. next on t.w. . to the point of strong opinions clear positions
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international perspectives. can anybody still china's surge to global dominance that's perhaps the biggest foreign policy challenge facing a new u.s. president joe biden so how would he respond there would be communication over confrontation find out onto the point surely right to the point. in 60 minutes on d w. young german. and jewish there's i'm jewish so was. does that mean. in daily life. and at school. in the summer we should not be given a special status but be completely normal the malls and beyond this look of shock
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like while there's a jew at our school that's the bad thing at 11 teenagers 11 stories. a fun jewish and soviet. german and jewish starts february 22nd on d w. chaos in washington. a pandemic killing hundreds of thousands. an economy on the brink. a nation profoundly divided the bike mirror has opened set by crises at home and the rest of the world every bit as daunting russia openly hostile. flexing its muscles from the middle eastern europe from cyberspace. from afghanistan to the persian gulf the us remains deeply in tangled in conflicts it doesn't know how to result. in europe it faces allies so
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disillusioned that they're hedging their bets on america pushing the future of the western alliance into question. but in the contest for global power and influence one challenge overshadows all of us in china a new superpower has risen. one with the military might to challenge the west. and an economy. that's the envy used to well . as washington takes it on the brink in general trying to turn into one china with his clique. or the phrase how in i.p.c.s. found. america so diminished that china can take stock that is faction in the states of its democracy think for a moment just how far the tables of me turned just 30 years ago george bush sr
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hailed in america triumphant it did wonder the cold war it was in charge no substitute for american leadership in the face of terror and no one doubts american credibility and reliability no one without power steering power the us was at the pinnacle of its power cream in forces who make a world the way it wanted to be until a series of dishonest has made it time back in on itself and start. to. get it was that it is america's moment of global dominance simply coming to an end it states will not be the globe spanning preeminent military power in perpetuity. empires rise empires fall great powers rise great powers joe biden insists that he has no intention of presiding over the full of an american empire america is back
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america is back american leadership must meet this new moment francene with our turn isn't cloonan growing ambitions of china to rival united states in the determination of russia to damage and disrupt our democracy biden can seem like a relatively minor figure a transitional leader at the end of his career holding the fort until others can take over but he will have to make some absolutely massive choices for. america can't return to that position supremes strength does it want to or should it settle for a more modest role. as we'll see later european leaders don't seem sure we are scandal americal and demand why mark home why on joe biden's biggest foreign policy issue of all they seem to be sitting on the fence.
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late january 2021. for the global elite china's president xi jinping is the opening speaker at the world economic forum just over a year after the pandemic broke house from his home turf he has a supremely confident message for the world we must not return for the past of the past is the right approach is to act on the vision. with a shared future for mankind it was just the latest sign of china's emergence as a power on a level with the united states one willing to challenge it in almost every way donald trump reacted to all this by making aggression towards china his foreign policy calling card the biden team says it will push back just as hard there were 3 telling signs just as they were getting started 1st secretary of state tony blinken
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at his nomination hearing in the senate shortly after the outgoing administration had accused china of committing genocide against the weak a minority in change on lincoln is asked if he agrees so on the on the on the years i think were very much in agreement the. forcing men women and children into concentration camps are trying to. in effect reeducate them. to be adherence to the ideology of the chinese communist party. all of that speaks to to an effort to commit to commit genocide think about the weight of that accusation that what's been going on and she is an act not merely of repression but of genocide one happening not in history but right now. the 2nd sign at biden's you know curation away from the limelight on the
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podium a guest is quietly making history and i'm honored to be here today on meet the people i've never met one time on this was the official representative of taiwan to washington d.c. the 1st ever to be invited to a presidential inauguration remember like most of the world the united states doesn't recognize taiwan as an independent country in line with beijing's insistence that there was only one china this was a powerful snub to china and a major more openness to taiwan and said let's hear in a little more detail what the administration has been saying and the big picture strategic competition with china as defining feature of the 21st century china's invasion conduct that it hurts american workers once our technological edge and threatens our alliances and our influence in international organizations with what we've seen over the last few years is that china's growing more authoritarian at home and more sort of a bride and beijing is now challenging our security prosperity and values in
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significant ways that require a new u.s. approach so what is that new approach really going to be let's start with security in asia itself. china has been expanding its military at an extraordinary pace in recent years especially its navy which is building new ships much faster than the u.s. this huge naval expansion is all about establishing china's dominance of the region through the south china sea and the east china sea. notoriously china has been building military outposts on disputed islands throughout the region despite objections from its neighbors this is partly about staking out military might but it also has huge implications for the world economy a really significant proportion of global trade passes through these waters the
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greatest fear of all is that china could one day follow through on its threat to invade taiwan something that is not just a daily concern for the people of taiwan but for us allies in the whole region. if taiwan were to be occupied by the chinese military then it becomes almost impossible to decide our entire network. at that point. because at any time they could be invaded from taiwan if they're attacking these risks is going to take monumental efforts from the u.s. in asia in the years to come from investing in the navy to rallying allies in the region to stick together that process was already underway cheering the trumpet ministration with meetings of the quotes from the u.s.
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and india and australia seeking to look at china is rising so fast that the us would have to shift priorities in a big way to stand a chance of keeping up but it is i think normal world in which the united states can aspire to have a dominant position in europe a dominant position in the middle east and a dominant position in asia and that's basically where united states has really been accustomed to. talk of the list for a brief think is the race of middle east but the u.s. has put enormous resources it's a post $911.00 wars to strengthen us strategists from what was happening in china america got so mired in the greater middle east that it's conflicts that have become known as the forever wars americans are tired of them and polling makes it clear that they want them to and joe biden has promised to do that but he's not the
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1st president to do so and you can expect a lot of debate about what ending those wars actually means he did not define it and through forever worked in a way that i worked he talked about maintaining a course to pursue. terrorism in afghanistan for example and was pretty unspecific with respect to the rest of the greater middle east i'm glad our project and less wars as their description of what we are doing in iraq afghanistan and other places and i think a proper parallel is chiro america can involve men in germany japan south korea that is what was once. a a conquest becomes a friendship it becomes a partnership the middle east is a powerful example of just how hard it is for the us to shift priorities after it
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sunk so many resources into long term commitments worries about israel's security and iran's nuclear program also find it to the region but there's another place where the us has been entrenched for even longer right here in your. more than 70 years off to the end afford more to the founding of nature the u.s. still has a massive military presence europe donald trump questioned all of this in a way no u.s. president had done before he was particularly aggressive about european military spending which is much lower than the u.s. as a proportion of their economies europe is one of the richest regions in the world and yet it's not able to guarantee its own security if the u.s. has to shift resources towards asia europe is going to have to step in many
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european leaders actually agree during the trump is ugly merkel often spoke of the need for europe to take more responsibility for its own security side. and then go on off on the. then he fell off and go on. even though strip club i. thought of him in that regard nearly all those are cunning of the video oh yeah moved in on those shit 3rd berkeley's in on top i going to hunt them but that's in theory what about in practice when the rule of the ambitions come with a price tag here in germany for example military spending is portion of g.d.p. has priest over the past couple of years but is not expected to hit the target of troops and for some time to come. and in the aftermath of the endemic government spending in all kinds come under massive pressure ablation and i'm used to paying for its own defense and an excuse he asked military action may push back against
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big budgets or. after decades of depending on the us to such an extent is it really realistic for the e.u. to find it so what we can do underestimate what america has. over the decades and action on it in europe and we need to get a broader and shared on the founding of what the challenges are that we face this will put europe in the middle of a bewildering number of questions should nato remain the centerpiece of european defense or should the e.u. develop more of its own capabilities cow should europe deal with growing threats beyond the battlefield like cyber warfare and 8 i as you can see europe has a long way to go before it can really stand on its own 2 feet so while you can expect the u.s. to keep up the pressure to take on more responsibility the fundamentals are
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unlikely to change for years to come and in fact only sign so that the biden team wants to leverage european allies in a new way part something even bigger a coming back with. the systems. remember she jumping speech at the world economic forum let's catch a little more of what he said the part which was aimed directly at the west to build small circles or start a new cold war. to retract threaten or intimidate averse to willfully impose decoupling supply disruption to sanctions and to create isolation or is strange when we're only pushed the world into division and even confrontation let's break that down for a moment this was huge in pain warning the west not to rally together against china
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something the biden ministration says it's determined to do not just against china's growing military assertiveness as we saw earlier but also against these diplomatic and trade practices that are increasingly being seen as bullying like when it slapped tariffs on various straightly in imports after australia called for an investigation into the origins of the corona virus outbreak which are all found . in the. coming notional joe francis you may know it's one of the wrong prove on the leave beijing gave similar treatment to sweden of trip banned chinese firms from its 5 g. mobile data network over security concerns. at the same time the pandemic has fueled western worries about dependence on chinese supplies like pharmaceuticals adding to all this is a growing unease about china's authoritarianism the prime examples stripping hong
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kong of its freedoms despite treaty commitments not to do so for decades to come. and its actions in shin janke for the biden ministration has called genocide as we saw earlier take all of this together and it's clear that china's rise is about much more than its military power in asia it presents a multi fronted challenge to almost every aspect of the era that america has presided over since the end of the cold that's why there's one thing you constantly hear from the new administration when they talk about dealing with china that they want to rally america's allies to stand up to beijing together with our allies or in your we were there well. not just because we need to be. mindful of course with their drive.
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to steer. our direction. stares through charles this is what she chimping was warning against when he talked about the new cold war and isolation and estrangement the biden team would not say that they want to start a new cold war but it is absolutely clear that they want to rally allies around a common approach to china the question is will the allies fall in line providing that economic heft and chorus of voices that we just heard about blip might not be so simple. at the very end of 2020 a diplomatic bombshell during a video call between brussels earlier. and beijing the european union and china agreed just sweeping investment treaty aimed at boosting business between the 2 sides anglo-american was the driving force behind the deal saying it would bring
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fairness to european companies working in china what really stood out about this deal was the timing it was squinting just at the end of the year and as germany's presidency of the european union was about to come to an end and crucially it was more than 3 weeks before the biden of moves race was about to come into office it was so last minute that the biden to intervene and directly appealing in a tweet for the europeans to wait and talk about a joint approach. the european side rug that often went ahead with the deal anyway seizing on chinese concessions and delivering a huge diplomatic boost to beijing in return it could hardly have been a more powerful signal from berlin and brussels to the bike ministration cannot count on automatic support from europe in dealing with china. while the e.u.
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professed openness to working closely with the biden team ultimately their own interests came 1st those interests are pretty clear the european economy has become highly dependent on the chinese market particularly germany's german carmakers generate a huge proportion of their sales that depending on it for growth to compensate for stagnation in home market this is the reality shaping europe's approach to china for all of its talk about china's human rights abuses and its aggressive behavior nothing seems to outweigh the economic imperative of having good relations with beijing and that makes european leaders highly wary of getting sucked into a long term faceoff between the u.s. and china the actual question that. europe will need to tackle it to what extent they want to the united states that major. star.
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and this is not a new one by. the moment no european politician. in fact when she spoke after she jumping at that meeting at the world economic forum until america made it clear that she preferred to stale fence doesn't wish to meet us finished so in a book common. sense few know. you know and. at 1st the. peace was the 1st in that we've probe further at a joint press conference with medical and europe's other most powerful player emmanuel mccall of france asking them why things seem so lukewarm over u.s. leadership on china as was the biden in. china and. not to sign while merkel said she would support biden's plan for
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a summit of democracies both she and mark insisted that europe would be charting its own course this double food you have a piece on you understand 50. q no political at dinner to relive some kind of meeting for anything starting from america. of the minds on the other the theme of for tots them this feeling well not so much be unclean my shorts and. t. nazis are less went to open our source of one of the. clicker the brought this you didn't show it and president doesn't destroy the deal in your mob because this fence sitting by america's european allies has the potential to reignite the tensions of the trump years. europeans believe that they can remain neutral in any growing rivalry between the united states and china and sort of have equally good relations with beijing and washington and at the same time expect the united
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states to be the 1st responder whenever anything happens in europe i think they're living in a dream world as we heard earlier donald trump scorn to europeans as freeloaders and here in europe that has shaken trust caps permanently and now if europeans look at the transatlantic alliance that is strong and ukraine of course and that word. and europeans need to build up their own research and their own strategies to be able to act and a more independent right to death throws the trumpet ministration added to fears the united states has become a fundamentally unstable a power that allies can never again depend on in quite. this brings us to the biggest question facing america's place in the world right now how can it expect its allies to follow it wholeheartedly if they fear it could be on the brink of
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disaster itself ultimately that means that joe biden success or failure at home will profoundly affect what he's able to achieve a voice she says that americans back the rest of the world is asking is it too broken to lead. the world or. just sitting in washington on the evils bikes you know the range. of thousands of national guard troops called to the capital after the attempted insurrection a grim sign of the condition america is in america is hoping to do mostly wars right now one of. the fight against coal with 1002 we don't know how long this will . and all the economy economy pure economic outcome. which will be the sauce runs and the ilo domestic war is really within the political system those domestic
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wars being fought in the background will go on for a long time to come and they don't just affect american policy has to do administration is fully aware for all these domestic all domestic years. right now are the most profound national security challenge facing experienced us and we're the most urgent priority is getting the pandemic under control as well as the action of a full on. the long term challenge of house who deal with america's divisions but it's much deeper i think this idea that the u.s. was always one big happy not a country i lived there for a long time and so i think it's just you can see it now and while trump has left the white house the forces he unleashed have not lost power trump is of is a more dangerous and more pernicious movement than anyone could have accounted for even a couple years ago and what i worry about as
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a forward public you know the sort of character of the party i'm worried about the more competent smart. presentable version of trump that's going to come down the pike in a few years this all feeds into a sense of instability that he's absolutely talks for america's ability to lead in the world posing the very real and fundamental question can america be relied on the last 3 presidents he supported wild swings in foreign policy research brock obama signed the iran nuclear deal and the paris climate agreement then donald trump pulled the us out of both and left the world health organization to now joe biden has taken us back into the paris agreement and the w.h.o. can the u.s. really lead the world when it exhibits sought. while changes in position from one president to the next. that's the cosmic level of doubt that will hang over joe biden every foreign policy decision. and something that china stands ready to think
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that china is a century maybe reduce the chinese market there. and they're going to actually do. pretty well get back their system doesn't work our system but there is one area where the u.s. can step up in a new way narea where hope for the future is in short supply climate scientists agree that the world is on course for devastation if it fails to come back further on carbon pollution former secretary of state john kerry is biden for climate policy an appointment showing this was a top priority experts say that the u.s. has a big opportunity to combine reviving its economy with cutting its emissions and helping other countries do the same right now green recovery is the still a huge luxury for a majority of the world and the us has a huge role to play in that not only in its own development aid on its own overseas
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international. but you know how they are. big development banks and i think we were in the i am after other country. on earth. this sort of leadership navigating international institutions doesn't grab the limelight it is something where the u.s. still has unique influence things and crucially cutting carbon emissions involves fundamental changes to economic incentives affecting how global sectors like energy work this makes any real she far less vulnerable weakness in american politics future presidents could be powerless to stop it it sounds like a modest view of american leadership but listen to the man now fronting us foreign policy and his message is one of modesty i believe that. you military and confidence should be the flip sides of america's leadership coin. humility
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because we have a great deal of work to do at home to enhance our standing abroad and humility because most of the world's problems are not about us in the 1st instance even as they affect us and no single country acting alone even one is powerful that the united states can fully and effectively address these problems it turns the question of america's role in the world back to the rest of us. do we want america to lead we're all we can take. back. every country facing choices here choices that will have consequences for decades to come. on. to the point the strong
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opinions clear positions of international perspective such. can anybody still china's search to global dominance is perhaps the biggest foreign policy challenge facing a new u.s. president joe biden so how would he respond that would be communication or confrontation find out onto the point a short cut to the point. down 30 minutes on d w. if the ballot billions in the bell tower. it's about the foundation of the new world order. the silk road. wants to use the network of train routes to expand its global influence including euro conflicts are inevitable. in 75 minutes on d w. i'm david and this
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is climate change. increase books. for you. smarter birth free to go where you go. this is news and these are our top stories. science rival perseverance has landed successfully on maza after a 7 months 418000000 kilometer journey through space of the next 2 years the asked for by all of the biology laboratory were used to drill into the surface and.


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