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tv   Blutige Kohle  Deutsche Welle  February 17, 2021 3:00am-3:46am CET

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have surprise yourself with what is possible who is medical really what moved back and want. to talk to people who follow along the way my runs and critics alike how is the world's most powerful woman shaping how they can join us from eccles last stop. this is d w news and these are our top stories. german foreign minister has rejected a french request to send additional troops to the african sun hill bridge are saying more development projects on the ground what's needed instead he saw hill is struggling to contain an insurgency by islamist terror groups france has more than 5000 troops stationed there to assist security efforts. france's lower house of parliament has approved a controversy
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a bill aimed at curbing islamic extremism legislation expands the state's ability to close places of worship and the banned individual preachers but critics say the bill stigmatizes muslims and limits free speech it still needs to pass the senate. thousands of protesters have taken to the streets of boston munna to demand the release of a popular spanish police arrested public hostle after he was given a jail sentence for glorifying terrorism and insulting royalty in his songs last friday he missed a deadline to surrender to police. this is the deadly news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and instagram at date of the news opens at that website to be found at the w dot com. u.k. prime minister boris johnson has told his country to prepare for not one not 2 but
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repeated vaccinations in order to keep up with the mutating coronavirus the british scientist in charge of monitoring the mutations says the variant 1st identified there is changing yet again and it's migrating tonight that scientists joins me with a prediction about a variant now sweeping the planet and she has a warning the mutating virus may be able to outsmart the vaccines that were developed to stop it i burned off in berlin this is the day. we're going to farmers. and that is where what. we're battling with is a with nature with a disease that is capable of mutating and unchanging becoming monsters me several more badly and eventually smarties use them through vaccines which case we didn't
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redesign the vaccine but we're still going to be doing this 10 years down the line ok if iris is not going anywhere if we stay with us when we are in a race between a mutating virus and vaccinations. also coming up a criminal critic alexina on the u.s. and the european union say that he was imprisoned to keep political opposition in the country weak but president vladimir putin says the west was using of all me to keep russia weak. enemies and i will potential enemies half a century is relied on and he used very ambitious people who crave paua these people we used to that that when interests and i see nothing has changed is this natural no we need to. look to our viewers on p.b.s. in the united states and to all of you around the world welcome we begin the day
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with a warning about the future of the coronavirus pandemic with particular importance for the united states the vaccination rollout in the u.s. is picking up speed and in many states restrictions are being reduced or removed completely the temptation to let down one's guard is growing but the coronavirus is still with us and it is changing a leading u.k. scientists predicts that the viral mutation known as the u.k. variant will quickly become the most dominant in the u.k. and across the globe the u.k. variant which was 1st detected in england appears to be more transmissible it is now responsible for more than half of new infections in portugal and denmark and is expected to do the same in the united states as early as next month easier to catch easier to spread is it just as easy to stop it with the vaccines. our biggest hope and dream as scientists at the moment is to produce
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a betson light like polio on users that's should be different writers that you have once in your life. or your own lack where is going to be true or not we don't know but you're still quite hopeful we are always able to produce a vaccine that will deal with any virus mutation any virus variant well my 1st guest tonight is one of the u.k.'s leading scientists in charge of the country's program of monitoring the coronavirus for mutations her job is now one of the most important in this pandemic professor sharon peacock joins me tonight from cambridge the fessor peacock it's good to have you on the program i'd like to if i could get your take on what we just heard from the u.k. vaccines minister he said that no matter what the mutation or the variant we will always be able to answer it with a vaccine now that is quite a statement to make is it true. rather than answering that
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directly good evening by the way a rather than answer that directly what i would do is take a step through the kind of near history that we're facing now so right now it's really key to recognize that the variant in the u.k. and that spreading from the u.k. is eminently effective against the vaccines that we have right now so that's the good news and we we mustn't consider that anything else than that is true because it could put people off having vaccines so go and have your vaccine because it's fully effective now what we have seen is that viruses can be take reasonably rapidly and when they do that might mean that of a very interactive which is then more resistant to the vaccine at that stage we have to start to look at how we can what if i vaccines so that they change they change so that they can actually tackle the variant so i think it's a bit more complicated them then has been suggested but it's going to be
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a kind of cat and mouse game as we as we progress to tackle the virus talk to me a little bit about the u.k. very you we have heard that it may be more lethal in there it's more transmissible what are the facts there. ok well the facts are that it is more transposable the range of transmissibility goes from between 30 percent to 70 percent so it's probably around 50 percent more transmissible than other variants that are circulating at the moment so clearly that yes in terms of efficacy of vaccine we believe that the vaccines that we using in the u.k. a fairly effective at the moment and in terms of of virulence only 30 the evidence is growing that this particular variant appears to be slightly more variant than previous strains perhaps about around 30 or 40 percent now that in terms of overall
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numbers is relatively small but it does appear to be more virulent and what that means is that people become more people become seriously ill but when they go to hospital there's no difference in the number of people who actually die rather than the number of people that survive you know if it's easier to pass on this variant do you see it overtaking against the current stream that you have in the u.k. in what about the rest of the world. well the variant that we have at the moment regionally detected in kent sometimes called the 10th variant has spread across the entire country in the u.k. so it causes around 90 percent of all disease in the u.k. so it spread widely that when we look at it elsewhere we can only really detect it in places that have done sequencing or tested tested for particular circulating and
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it has spread to 82 other countries so what happens when it reaches that country will depend what other variant is there and whether it can compete is a bit like kind of running a race if you like with another variant to see which one of the fittest and if if it is more transmissible than other variants that it's likely to spread and i believe that that's where the predictions have come from other countries that this could become a dominant strain in their particular country and make it a little bit about your job with the u.k. sequencing the viral genomes more by all genomes than any other country in the world we looked at some numbers 27000 genomes are now sequenced in one day one year ago it was 50000 in the year so that is that's quite an explosion in comparing city. it's absolutely huge isn't it so so far we've sequenced around $280000.00 jane and which is about half the world's genomes in the global database
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and as you rightly say a year ago before the pandemic public health england was producing about $50000.00 genomes a year so we're doing that in about a week and a half but it's going to get higher actually because our aspiration is that we'll be able to sequence a higher proportion of the virus particularly as the the number of cases come down and at the moment where we're heading upwards of 3035000 and so and so we're going to keep pushing that boundary to see how far we can get but it would be remarkable feat if we could sequence you know all of the arses there infecting people in the u.k. professor peacock when the various became a news story there were 2 points that really stuck with the u.k. leads the world in sequencing pathogen genomes and the 2nd point is that the united states was hardly doing it at all which was were you surprised to learn that i mean we were surprised. well i wasn't surprised that the u.k.
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was ahead of the game because we started thinking about it back in march when there are only 80 or so cases in the country and i think we have a long history of pathogens you know it so we were already thinking about the value of sequencing for public health and so we were in some ways prepared or primed it was in our thoughts that we could do this so i'm not surprised that we were we were ready when we really needed it i think that in the u.s. they certainly have the machines capability the expertise and i'm looking forward to see how they scale up the sequencing i believe there's a lot of discussion going on and i look forward to them contributing genomes from the u.s. where he's going to be a very important population to to better understand i want you to take a listen to why the immunology professor danny all men said at imperial college last week take a listen you know i think with the news getting somewhat scary with the variance
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we've all just got to really raise our game you know the game is still the same one but we've got to get more people vaccinated they've will be more stringent to here to lock down and we've got to take it all even more seriously if that's possible so is he saying we're in a race against the virus and against the clock that the only way to stop this pandemic is to vaccinate so many people that we get ahead of the virus is that the right way of thinking. i'd like to think that we'd want to do that no matter what their areas are circulating and so i would want to vaccinate as many people as possible drive down the number of cases through a combination of vaccination and the usual hands face and space and following the rules so it's incumbent on us to do that what ever there is circulating as variants arise that could reduce the efficacy of of vaccination then that's going to become one challenging but i do believe that that scene developers will overcome that and
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already looking at that level come that clearly as soon as we can get on top of this particular virus the better we know the u.k. the united states along with israel lead the world in baxter nations in this pandemic the european union is under watch of pressure for the slow role well how worried should we be here in the e.u. . well this is a global pandemic and and and people say no one is safe until everyone safe i would be particularly concerned that there's equitable vaccine roll out across the world and not just and so everybody needs to vaccinate their populations as soon as possible also the e.u. will be able to roll out that seems because there is a capability to fund that but what concerns me more is that there are some countries that are behind the curve in their vaccine program for other reasons and
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so i'm keen that those countries get a really clear support as disagree before we wrap up perverse or because let me ask you do if you could look into your crystal ball when do you see this pandemic in the end do you see it in doing this year. i think it's it would be difficult to say that it will end on a particular date that's a really tough question that you've asked me there and i don't see that there's going to be a difference between one day and the next it's going to be a gradual process of of getting the pandemic under control it could be that we have that went to some better some of us like we do with flu so i think over time we're going to be continuing to see the virus causing some issues in the human population but i think it's going to be a gradual reduction and getting it under control as we can grow to live with the
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virus as we would influenza rather than a day at which everything changes professor sharon peacock with the university of cambridge professor because we prefer your time and your insights and all that you do to help all of us thank you thank you very much well of course all the hopes being pinned on back scenes depend on getting enough people immunized to reach herd immunity but what if people refused to be vaccinated that is a question people are posing in belgium public health officials there say they are noticing that in the french speaking part of the country resistance to the vaccine is higher even among health care workers who are threatened with an infection every day. this is a moment to remember. photographs care home worker christina retreats as she receives her 2nd dose of the biotech pfizer vaccine. i really hope
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to encourage my colleagues but also my family and even the country to come and get vaccinated. fredricka. as vaccination drives in nursing homes like this one in the french speaking part of belgium draw to a close many stuff still opting out. almost half of all care workers in private institutions alone in the region are hesitating even the director of this home is among the more. kids kirov one of the side effects i'd say in 20 years nobody knows today so it's a bit like buying a car you feel like you could be safe but i want to see the crash test results really tough so personally i am a bit skeptical but for the older people clearly it's a good thing that once was kind of excess well put it to some. this caregiver is
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also one sure he prefers to wait because he's heard some rumors get. ahead yes some products in it that could be used. you can be orbs of from this done because of this production them like it's kind of a stock you know and this is just the tip of the ice book false claims that the vaccine causes infertility or even death or spreading like wildfire across social media. the french speaking part of belgium appears particularly receptive to these ideas. ahead of most in home federation from a bell thinks making vaccinations mandatory may be the only option so far training sessions or online campaigns have failed to convince stuff i did not understand i do not understand that it was so for them there's so a lot of rate of elderly people who died this so. the
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loss of life and it's unbelievable odo's people do not understand that they can protect themselves it's a big question experts say part of the answer is that the anti vaccine movement can spread fear faster than mainstream media can spread information. so. the leaves do not we make you a hesitant. make you even reluctant to take the vaccine that he doesn't mean you and it's a conspiracy theory and so when you stigmatize people like that by thing well you are 19. you dr lee we have to have the negative effect of a ostracize them them and putting them in the hands of these movements of the moon . back at the nursing home this local doctor is trying his utmost to
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demonstrate that vaccines are safe is because you give up and that's why i tell the staff here you need to get vaccinated not 70 percent if you but 100 percent of you all of you in order to win this fight. many of christina rodrigo's colleagues are also taking to social media to encourage others. she hopes each photo will make a difference. russia says it remains open to better times with europe but has again blamed the european union for strained relations foreign minister sergei lavrov said monday that relations have been deteriorating for several years but he added that moscow still has plenty of friends among individual european nations lybrel made those comments during a visit by his counterpart from e.u. member state finland the finnish foreign minister repeated the e.u.
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use demand that moscow release jailed opposition leader alexei in bali and he criticized the crackdown on his supporters. russia and europe going from band to worse to discuss this i'm joined tonight by country leak a senior policy fellow with the european council on foreign relations she joins me from right here in berlin this evening it's good to have you on the program this meeting between the finnish and russian foreign ministers i know you watched the press conference tell me who stood their ground the best i found that the harvest a very impressive he was very clear very concrete said no and the necessary 6 said a gate overall of course his very experienced diplomat so his performance is never a failure either but what i found i think he had to explain himself he had to explain
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why he say it early yet in a russian into the about russia's read to severe times of the european union and basically it came across as if he was backtracking of that were not to limit those of aggressiveness but but stated so my impression was that moscow understood that they had gone too far by treating just a thought and the way they tend may try to limit the damage in kremlin critic alexei valby europe sees him as any chance for a more democratic russia at the same time he is a thorn in vladimir putin side couldn't of all the become the single biggest dividing force between russia and europe. he yes. he. has ended up been backed situation i am not sure it was anyone's intention but i think why moscow israelis
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taking care of the in criticism live such sensitive it. they feel that europe is intervening in russian domestic politics and trying to tell russia how to behave the paradox here is that europe probably would not have. taken any strong positions or made any ostrow statements had russia not arrested them while they the way they did it as soon as he stepped off the plane so i find it a little bit puzzling i think that if europe wanted to keep a sorry if russia wanted to keep europe away from its domestic life from making comments and saying things then they should not have done that i mean they must have understood that if you live in a flawless in from the main i mean attention will be banned if they arrest him then
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there will be western reactions deliberately done and yeah that's and why i don't know you know it's a very good point that we've been asking the very same question there's also the nord stream to natural gas pipeline between russia and germany it's almost completed and it has become politically very explosive the german government as you know stands behind the project the united states says the pipeline threatens european energy security this is what the white house said today about the pipeline take a listen. president biden has made clear that nordstrom too is a bad deal to bad deal because it divides europe it exposes ukraine and central europe to russia and it made russian manipulation and because it goes against europe's own stated energy and security goals we're continuing to monitor activity to complete or to certify the pipeline and if such activity takes place will make a determination of the applicability of sanctions so they're going to wait a while do you see the united states living up with its pressure on germany to kill
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this pipeline. let's see i think actually invest statement that many things lumped together to me raise out all different things europe's energy security ukraine's military security from russia and european divisions last frontier is very complicated it's not just about security it's not about russia or a political instincts on commercial interests intertwined so the way i see it here in berlin i think german establishment is uncomfortable with it it's a lie you know versus saying it's lake's it case for how to handle you cannot abandon it that's carrying it with you know is is very uncomfortable but they don't know what to do because it's hard to get rid of it either didn't i see it largely
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as a relationship management issue in the sense that i think it that the bad if not all strain gets cancelled against germany's wishes by brutal american sanctions i think likewise if the the bad for europe if it goes ahead it against older wishes of poland and chipman it ends up being seen as a sent fish cantrip by poland and also italy that was forced to give up on on south street so i think when the best thing that could happen would be for germany and america to discuss joint strategy around not just know what's train but gas and energy trade with russia in general terms in america have said something going on greece lines us to her phone call will be killed by them and i think if they manage to come to agreement but that actually heated many of the divisions in europe as well you know that final question for you we have about 30 seconds russian president putin says that the west wants to contain and restrain russia do you
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think that putin really believes that or is that just is that the narrative that fits best impudence russia. i think he believes a lot of what he says and thing sometimes he uses it for a 4th to mystic purposes but by and large he is where the oh is different ok well said their country league senior policy fellow at the european council on foreign relations we certainly do appreciate your time and your insights tonight thank you. thank you. and finally tonight today is mardi gras but this year no parades no parties just plenty of pandemic in america's mardi gras capital new orleans some people have decorated their homes this year a substitute for parade floats this hell stick down as the little shop of horrors even features one horror that we've all become to you see it familiar with some
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residents said it was their creative way of celebrating the city's trademark tradition while adhering to pandemic restriction. maybe next year well the day is almost done but the conversation continues online go find us on twitter either at u.w. news or you can follow me at t.v. and remember whatever happens between now and then tomorrow is another day we'll see you then everybody.
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do 1st culture. that's exactly what mexico's largest strawberry farming area has created with better water management and sustainable farming methods. not only does this protect the environment it also creates jobs and provides farmers with a stable income. global 3000. dollars . eco africa. when you combine
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a mission to bob a way that makes eco friendly transportation and a berlin startup that recycles batteries from electric cars what you get are emissions free cargo bikes for women who live in the countryside. the mobility for zimbabwe going to fuck up. in 60 minutes on d w. i think in everything challenging 1st i'm a muslim. so much different culture between here and there challenging for him. to do some of the same i think it was worth it for me to come to germany. got my
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license to work as a swimming instructor up to shine our 2 children 100 adults just one of the toughest. what's your story take part cherish on info migrants dogmas. welcome to global 3000. in china children of migrant workers are missing out on early childhood stimulation. in mexico farmers are trying to increase biodiversity amidst tomato cultures but 1st can the u.s. reboot efforts to aid conservation and to counter the climate crisis.
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returning the u.s. to the paris climate accord was one of joe biden's 1st official acts as president climate activists everywhere breathed a sigh of relief along with other industrial nations the u.s. is a major culprit in the accelerating climate crisis in 2019 it emitted 5300000000 tons of c o 2 bidens goals around he wants the us to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 time is pressing the us itself is increasingly feeling the effects of climate change that mantic hurricanes are becoming more extreme and more common in 2020 a lone 30 hurricanes caused damage along the u.s. coast drought and wildfires are also on the rise the u.s. government agencies estimate that last year's events caused $95000000000.00 worth of damage. and that doesn't take the a measurable damage to nature into account. for
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us coached they make their home around a reef near the florida keys. seems like these are becoming a real more rare because the green sea turtle is endangered with less than 100000 strong females worldwide there used to be millions of them. sherry crilly is on a mission. as part of the organization save a turtle she patrols the reef looking for injured turtles were they frequently get tangled up in fishing nets or buoys or get injured by boats we ask really why they're so important to her. i just think sea turtles are in and make mad they've been around longer than almost any animal on earth and. they are magnificent creatures they're beautiful they way hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of pounds
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yet they're graceful but another threat to the sea turtles is climate change has water temperatures rise more females than males are being born that's a problem for the procreation of the species sherry crilly is glad that under president joe biden america has rejoined the paris climbing agreement but her husband roger is convinced biden's election was fraudulent and he regrets the decision to rejoin the powers agreement i'm not happy that mr president biden put us back into it. i don't more aligned with the trouble ministration to be out of it. america was cleaning up. and taking care of the environment. the right things without actually having to spend all the money to. the parents. or . so does the couple argue about it. sherry and i we don't
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talk about it at all so don't talk about it but try to keep it to myself as soon as sherry located sick or injured turtles she takes them straight to the turtle hospital they often arrive by special ambulance the clinic is well equipped there's even an x. ray department. frieda is beset with tumors the doctors in the operating theatre are weighing whether or not an operation could save her tumors are in demick amongst the sea turtle population in this room. gena florida betty circle back blames the problem on human activity. so it's something that most likely has to do with runoff from the land this particular species a sea turtles their herbivore so their natural diet is sea grass and algae and you think about it when things were not their land and they settle into the sea grass beds and this particular species is the species we see the most tremors it fritas
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tumors of metastasized to her organs but doctors finally decide that an operation would be pointless but these others have better chances of pulling through most of their shells damaged by boats losing a chunk of their arm or put them out of balance the hospital used counterweights to even things out and it least they don't have to scavenge for food here. occasionally the hospital manages to return turtles to the wild but they face new challenges. since humans have been on the planet. the development on the coastlines it's impressing on there that sink area sea turtles come up once the beach to lay their eggs it's hard to find a sandy beach on key west it's a tourist haven with hotels lined up along the shore and even the less frequented islands are seeing nesting problems residents are increasingly building landing
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stages in front of their properties the water is too shallow here to tether a boat it's mostly about status harry and jennifer apple are also active in the save a turtle organization they say the landing stage is not only prevent turtles from laying eggs they also pose another hazard. the 3rd. goes forward it collapses because of the land and the turtle starts the day because it can only go forward and it gets trapped and actually in there. the 2 activists have filed a lawsuit against the government for failing to prevent the piers although the sea turtles are recognized as an endangered species present in trump head east environmental regulations harry and jennifer apple hope the new administration will do a u. turn here as well is the reason they both voted for biden i. vote with my
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heart i vote with my head in science and you know i care about the environment i always have and i've always been a republican for many years i switched. it's eye opening for some people you know. on the surface the florida keys are a paradise but a closer look shows how vulnerable nature is slime a change water pollution and rampant construction aren't only problems in florida they're a challenge world wind the green sea turtles will serve as a barometer of how will the titians can turn words into actions. to children to come to this. one giant problem and when you get in on it to see. the features including.
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how will climate change affect us and our children. w dot com slash water. we also look at the effects of human actions on wild. i found the climate's in this week's global ideas monoculture farming which uses species diversity and agricultural chemicals are heinie polluting. but there's hope farmers in the mexican state of meat show a can and making more room for nature again and everyone is benefiting. easy to do that i mean it is works 8 hectares of land and grows only strawberries $850.00 tons of strawberries every year to be precise the state of current is mexico's main strawberry growing area but the farming has taken its toll on the
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land. water levels in the river here have dropped the soil is depleted of nutrients so i mean as had to change his farming methods he bought up more land and installed a new irrigation system. using technology has made the strawberry plant more beneficial in rural areas especially it takes many leaders of water to grow one kilogram of strawberries but if you use this type of year a geisha you only need around 30 percent of the volume. and improving water management is one of the main goals of modeling a program that supports hundreds of small scale strawberry farmers it is to secure a reliable income for farmers while not harming the environment it brings together nonprofit organizations like techno serve and international food giant down and
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down incomes regularly to collect large quantities of strawberries saving farmers the cost of transport easy to his farm now employs $40.00 people some of them even returned from the u.s. attracted by the good pay. we're not just creating our own income now we're even able to employ others. back ups to stop people leaving this region to go to the cities or other countries we want people to gain a foothold here in their home country and produce something that right. he and his son ed got get ready to show us another new development on the farm. after a consultation with the german development agency. they created strips of green
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between the fields and brought in beehives. the g.i.c. also explained that biodiversity results in more productive strawberry plants. we have our own pollinators and that means we are sustainable it's clear where there are abuse there is pollination and that means there is life the fact that there are abuse here shows that we're using non-aggressive chemicals which are not good for mental to the environment are good if we could use herbicides but we don't because the weeds help prevent soil erosion so that when it rains the soil doesn't wash away. the ever. that the. the hives in the green verges are just a 1st step he also plans to alternate the crops he plans to allow the soil to recover alberto rodriguez has already introduced crop rotation alternating between
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onions strawberries and different varieties of beans rodriguez only farms 2 hectares but the crop rotation has boosted his harvest considerably. he's also started using insect traps in the greenhouse to cut down on the use of pesticides. we had the problem that our plants were diseased sometimes we just had to guess what it could be. we are now we don't know what was wrong now techno service provided us with insect traps to identify the pests it's helpful we want to use products that are not harmful to the environment. the market share our program also aims to improve standards of hygiene for example proper toilets have been installed near the fields.
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that's very new for about a rodrigue is a farming app it's designed to optimize water consumption and reduce the amount of fertilizers and pesticides needed you register the area say one hector and how much product was used that information is stored it will be useful next year when we create a register of which products help with which pasts are. once harvested the strawberries must be processed quickly while they're still fresh the app is helpful to customer down and keeping track of the entire production schedule and allows the company to ensure their supplier is sticking to sustainable practices. dan ins regional sourcing manager. says everyone benefits the farmers the company and the environment. with them and we think the value chain can be transformed into a prosperity chain we benefit from being able to use various supply lines which
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limits the amount of risk for the company while at the same time ensuring the farming methods are sustainable. but the big question is can a monoculture be genuinely sustainable rodrigue has his doubts he's an ecologist at the biggest university in latin america. if we plant just one species of crop over large areas of land we'll feel the effects even pandemics like the one we're experiencing right now can be traced back to monocultures but there are ways to convert monocultures so that biodiversity is preserved to the point. in the case of the strawberry monoculture and kern it seems to be working the moderate share project has sought
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to bring everyone on board young and old alike there's now also a daycare center so that farmers and workers can drop their kids off when they go to work. easy to do that as loves to collect his granddaughter he hopes that she too will later up to stay in the current another incentive to take care of the environment for future generations. all children should have a good start in life it's a basic right and one of the un's 2030 sustainable development goals the w.h.o. agrees it says the development of social competencies motor skills and cognitive abilities are integrity to a person's future along with good health and nutrition as a result many nations have set up programs to promote good early childhood development among them china.

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