tv DW News Deutsche Welle August 22, 2019 10:00am-10:31am CEST
this is d.w. news live from berlin a note of optimism but also a challenge on braxton from the german chancellor after meeting with british prime minister boris johnson problematical says a deal could still be done within 30 days but only if britain comes up with alternatives for dealing with the irish border how likely is that also coming up. a record number of fires are burning in the amazon rain forest in brazil the country's right wing president hire valsin r o accuses environmental activists of
starting the blazes on purpose. plus plastics in the world's oceans are a growing problem among the worst offenders are the nets discarded by fishermen but now a dutch company has come up with a novel way of reusing material. i brought in thomas thanks so much for joining us the british prime minister boris johnson is heading to paris for what are expected to be difficult talks on bracks johnson is calling for the brics a deal to be renegotiated he says the provision for the irish border known as the backstop has to go now this is the man the french president rejects but at a meeting here in berlin yesterday the german chancellor said she thought britain could still leave the e.u. with a deal. no bracket protesters shout
as british prime minister boris johnson arrives investment for the 1st time since he took office a month ago he met with german chancellor angela merkel his go to reopen negotiations on brics it we in the u.k. want a deal we seek a deal and i believe that we can get what we can do the shopping does i think is that is the phrase but clearly. clearly. we cannot we cannot accept. the current withdraw agreement johnson wants to scrap the backstop a clause designed to prevent the return of customs and security checks along the irish border the new however has ruled out renegotiating the existing bricks and equipment in berlin merkel said jones and the challenge of finding
a solution quickly to fix up the said look the back of them has always only been a long story so what if we don't need that last resort and if we're saying that we might find this agreement in the next 2 years perhaps we will find it in the next 30 days why shouldn't we i thought well make both muckle and johnson seem optimistic that a solution can be found in berlin however no solution as yet in the past and time is running out if no side moves the u.k. may head for a no deal exit at the end of october. so can a chaotic still be avoided you'd have your political correspondent hans brandt joins us now for more on that good morning hans all of acol thinks it is possible within 30 days to solve the irish border problem can't be solved that quickly well i think it's too strong to say that she thinks in spa so she's saying that's not an impossible she's saying it's conceivable but if you look at it realistically this
is the problem about the whole brics that discussion has hinged on since the beginning since 2016 since the referendum was held and in all that time no solution has been found on how to deal with the irish or off the brics and in fact what's the deal at the moment since the deal that. there is a may and the e.u. agreed on is that we will have further discussions on this for another year 020 the transition period off the formal breaks it before the backstop actually comes into the say if no solution is found in that time so i'm saying no if you find a solution oh ok. that's fine if you can conceive of one bot it is the brits who have to make proposals it's they have to decide what is going to be acceptable to them ok so they have to present it london has to present something you think in the background or some motion some some discussions going on that that both these leaders are alluding to there's a lot of optimism expressed here in berlin yesterday i think i'm going to someone
who's always saying we can always talk as long as the channels of communication are still open we can still discuss things we can still come even at the last minute come to some sort of agreement that will avoid another deal. it's conceivable that somewhere in the background people are still talking about this certainly that have been joint groups and joint committees looking at this question several times and of course in britain one assumes that people who are coming continuing to think about possibilities technical possibilities technical solutions but so far the moment there's no sign of any solution in the offing and a few hours of course johnson is going to be sitting down with the french president in paris for lunch what kind of reception is he going to get there on this idea well if one looks at what mark has been saying the last couple of days it's going to be a lot chilly reception then he got to boris johnson go to berlin yesterday here in
germany. has been saying that he is very pessimistic about any further solution being fall and before a crash the full no deal breaks it and he's been saying responsibility for that race firmly in london with boris johnson and his government if the solution is found well that's how it's going to be do you think we could see cracks emerging between berlin and paris on this or will the unity of the of the e.u. remain in place on the back so i thought a moment i don't see any cracks emerging at all unity has been very strong and i think the position of france and germany here you could see a little bit as a kind of bad cop good cop situation saying well come on let's talk through the channels of communication are still open and call is saying well you know if you don't want to that's ok with us too on says ever thanks very much hans browne for us this morning. brazil's rightwing president. says non-governmental organizations have started the wildfires in the amazon rain forest blazing right
now on purpose to embarrass him and his government he offered no evidence to back up that claim a record number of fires have been recorded in the amazon this year more than $72000.00 fires this year and 80 percent increase over the same period last year smokers cover nearly half the country e.u. satellite data show as well as parts of neighboring countries president has a theory about the fires cause. i am under the impression that it could have been set by the ngos because i had asked for money. a stunning accusation he had no evidence for environmentalists have called the charge sick and pitiful the real cause they say is both in our own policies which have slashed environmental funding and dismantle protections. when brazil space research center reported an 88 percent
increase in deforestation in june compared with june last year its director lost his job those who call the amazon home are the 1st affected by the destruction. indigenous groups suffer with the impact because if enough food source begins to change. no hunting is further away which forced us to go to the city for industrialized food. these groups may be the canary in the coal mine the amazon produces one 5th of the world's oxygen and absorbs one quarter of all the c o 2 taken in by earth's forests losing the amazon could mean losing one of the world's greatest natural defenses against climate change. joining us now for more on this from pierce cobb in brazil is paolo brando he's a scientist at the amazon environmental research institute and focuses on tropical
rain forests welcome thanks for being with us mr brando why are we seeing so much for having 2 so many wildfires in the amazon right now it's not a big surprise the big increase in fires we've seen the amazon simply because of theme a massive increase in deforestation in the region so about 50 percent of the. then nice ballad is accounted for 50 percent of deforestation and most of the fires occur in these regions where we see massive increase in the 1st asian. ok president also now rose accusing n.g.o.s of actually starting these fires has he presented so far any evidence to support that that claim. not that i have seen in evidence what you can see now is that we have persistent fires in parts of the amazon and these fires occur over multiple days and so can easily see that they're
related to clearing of forests so speculators are farmers are different stakeholders are cutting down forests this mess of floors and burning them has big big bone fires and these fires release way more energy in order types of fires from pasture fires so it's pretty easy to use the fact that from space and this energy release puts these as moca all gooey in the upper troposphere in moving just south of brazil so he has the best scientists in the world in a topic so it's pretty easy to come sold to scientists to see what the major source of deforestation forest fires and i was on earlier related to. you say part of it so as is from the clear cutting and burning of the forest what could be done to stop that i mean if that's a major cause don't we need to step in and stop the. yes lou because it is what is
the big difference from this year as in previous year we had a major drought related to grease fire to what is in the amazon these here we don't have the major drought and we steal we see massive increases in different states and the positive news if you can see it this way is that these fires are concentrated in a few winters a ballot is said 10 minutes that ballads account for 50 percent almost of the deforestation and that deforestation generates fires because fires a byproduct of deforestation they're less apt to remove all of his biomass in the biggest concern as the dry season progresses and is going to have much drier conditions and next month and those fry conditions can lead to forest fires these fires that skate into force primary force and then they can burn hundreds of thousands of kilometers and burn areas that are 10 percent above area for example or 10 or 20 times the size of the end ok now it sounds like those 10 minutes
apologies are responsible that needs to be looked at but before we go i like to ask you about the importance of the amazon for the entire planet a report said 25 percent of our oxygen comes from there is an overstatement to say the amazon is the world's green long i would say that the amazon it's a big air condition of earth cycles lots of water cooling down entire regions and also you store 10 years' worth of human carbon emissions so it's a big way to stabilise climate is to keep forest standing in the region. for say thank you very much for coming in. let's bring you down some of the other stories making the news this hour sudan's chief justice a sworn in the country's new leaders the most important of the top general abdel fatah book where han and the pro-democracy movements prime minister of. civilians
in the military greed to share power after months of negotiations and bloodshed which followed the ousting of sudan's president omar al bashir. the. spanish police have arrested a man suspected of making some 500 videos up the skirts of women on madrid's metro says system. police say he used a mobile phone in his backpack to secretly film his victims police found recordings in his home many of them have been posted online. iran has unveiled what it calls a domestically built surface to air missile state media showing president hassan rouhani and other ministers at a launching ceremony the announcement comes at a time of rising tensions between iran and the west after a round shot down a u.s. military drone with a similar weapon. and staying with iran president rouhani has threatened to
blockade oil transport in the persian gulf if the u.s. maintains its pressure on iran he said international waters would no longer be secure if the u.s. continues to insist the country's oil exports are cut to 0 tehran has in the past threatened to close the strategically important strait of hormuz much of the world's oil supply passes through this waterway last month around seized a british flag tanker in the strait did obvious research proper has been to the island of hormuz in the strait and sent us this report. it's early morning and the sun beating down on the island of this relentless there's no natural watches saucier and few other resources for that matter. despite that the island has been highly valued for centuries as a strategic location portugal for instance constructed this fortress spec in 597 to control mara team traffic in the persian gulf today the strait of hormuz is once
again witness to conflict as the standoff over british flecked tankers seized by iranian authorities continues. a fisherman takes us out into the strait past the island of la rock the iranian military uses the island to monitor the area which includes the narrow passage all ships must pass through to reach the largest oil ports in the region. like this a quarter of the global oil consumption passes through the strait of hormuz making it a very strategic location for international trade and an important leveraging point for iran republican. to close the strait of hormuz for international ships as long as it's not allowed to export. but so far it hasn't done so but the detainment of the british tankers already in the. trade in this area. currently very few international tankers use iranian waters to navigate the strait many fear being swept up in the conflict between washington and tehran and the
iranian military is not alone as it petrols these waters the u.s. has also deployed ships into the persian gulf the u.s. wants to strengthen its presence here to guarantee the passage of international cargo ships which has angered the iranian government as well as the iranian people . i don't think they would welcome any sort of you know military presence from the region itself that's a part of iran's political culture not to you know ally with. you know non local actors in the region iran try to reach out to again to you know many countries in the region kuwait qatar. and they are open of course to the u.a.e. and i think saudi arabia as well to discuss these kind of issues. there's been no movement on the issue so far iran's neighbors seem unwilling to offer support.
few people on the island of a movie seem interested in politics they're just hoping there will be a swift end to the regional standoff. bene's them and again if the tensions are resolved the entire economy may improve and we're part of that because everyone is out of work here in hormuz i don't know what to do with my wife and kids we can't all live on fishing alone. things would improve for tourism more tourists would pay a visit to this island and that way it could develop. more border. without stability turning homo's into a popular tourist destination remains a distant prospect. this is date of your live from berlin still to come on the show we'll tell you what the link is between this picture of indian fishermen folding their nets and this.
but 1st a new push to repatriate mohinder refugees from bangladesh to their homes in myanmar has apparently ended in failure after no one turned up to board the waiting buses men mars' given the go ahead for more than 3000 refugees to be returned to their home country and issued them with documentation but none of them have yet chosen to fall through that fearing what might happen to them upon their return this is bangladesh's 2nd repatriation attempt after a previous push that was in november failed some 750000 of the persecuted muslim minority fled a military offensive in 2017 in myanmar's rocking state. find out more about this now i'm joined by did abused iommi conrod she's at a refugee camp in the city of cox's bazaar that's in bangladesh him he could date
you why are the people where you are are refusing to board the buses and go back to their homes for 10 chalet in me and more. than just get i mean some people here told us that if they were full us to go home they drop the kill themselves 1st because they don't trust the governments of me and ma to actually provide them with safety to give them their land back you have to remember this fight they say muslim minority has gone through but some people close to ethnic cleansing that villages web md in some cases women were raped they simply don't trust the government backing me and not to provide the safety and provide the human rights that they want a lot of people say once these days. the months have been fulfilled they want to go back but at this point they all prefer to stay here and no one we talked to and no one has talked to the u.n. so far what's to go back willingly ok now you've been at the refugee camp we can
see part of it behind you there cox's a bazaar what does the people there been telling you what are they saying about the living conditions and what have you been able to see for yourself there. the living conditions are difficult i mean it's not quite as bad as 2 years ago said as basic sanitation as fits the education but basically that's nothing to do for young people and also at night once all the aid workers who leave the aid workers can voice leave say about 435 it's completely different it's dangerous criminal gangs drug traffic because i'm active people tell us at the dump soon and people have been killed 2 say it's not safe let's be aid but this leave that's a lot of frustration but as i said people prefer to stay haven't i have to get back to me and mom ok that says a lot doesn't it what needs to happen though to ensure that the refugees where you are you know are able to return safely to me and mar that's certainly in the
interest of the people where you are cox is bizarre and to a certain degree to the officials and authorities and and me in mars well. so what these refugees want is full citizenship rights they want their lands back their houses they want you housing but what he's crucial here is that u.n. monitors that the aid community has to have access to the diligence in the rakhine that say they fled from some of the repression a small caps that the government has said to set up so called having no delegations no journalists no independent people to be able to visit these camps have there's a lot of fear around nobody knows but the promise is that the government to set up what they will actually build thanks very much for that and me conrad for us at the refugee camp at cox's bizarre in bangladesh now they may may be a widespread in our oceans our rivers even our ice caps but new research suggests
that micro plastics in the water we drink do not surprisingly pose any significant risk to our health and its 1st study on this issue the world health organization found that most particles actually pass through the human body without being absorbed but these findings come with a huge car each w.-o. says further research is urgently needed to obtain a more detailed assessment of the potential impacts on our health. well what are micro plastics or plastic waste ground down during their time for example in the oceans some of that waste comes from hundreds of kilometers of plastic fishing nets that get lost in the seas of a year killing sea life along the way but now a dutch company has teamed up with some 1000 fishermen in india to retrieve these debts and recycle them for a completely different use for other than obama. these fishermen in southern
india are getting ready for a day out at sea but they're not looking for fish instead they're on the lookout for abandoned fishing nets floating in the indian ocean. here but i wanted to get out by extracting these nets from the sea where in a way creating the sea and earning some money. might be also helps in enhancing our catch your values nets get stuck in the propeller and damage the boats when we go fishing or you know. nylon netting not only snags boat propellers it also traps marine life and degrades into micro plastics fishing nets can take hundreds of years to break down and fishing gear makes up up to 70 percent of surface debris in the world's oceans but now a dutch company is working with indian fisherman to retrieve discarded fishing nets and with these women to recycle them. we
only money for our family by working here this is our livelihood. once the nets have been cleaned and cut up that turned into plastic granules one of the companies they uses them is the surfboard make a stop in bangkok thailand. then we try to see where we can the place to meet great places the civil places in our projects. 15 wherever a people can see them and understand that actually recycling. i can index really. the indonesian island of bali is a surfing mecca that's also battling a tide of plastic waste choking its rivers and beaches the owner of a surfing school on the islands now only uses eco friendly boards. is pushing out
is to do the same. we need to educate the right is the surface and we also need to educate the companies themselves that they can create sustainable programs and be responsible for the products they using in this fair avoids recycling initiatives like these just a drop in our increasingly polluted oceans the world produces hundreds of millions of tons of plastic waste every year. we have some sports now and in sudan there are plans to kick off the nation's 1st ever women's football league they'll be 18 clubs and the 1st match will be in september historically women's football has struggled to thrive in sudan but many female footballers are hoping that will soon change. a year ago the idea of a women's football league in sudan was far fetched females 1000 to 5 of their football plain aspirations in the past were without hope.
before the revolution i could not have imagined myself being a player in a woman's football team or even expected myself to be able to play the sport i've loved there were many restrictions on sudanese women and it was not possible to play football must go to the lead. but now a joint military civilian sovereign council is in power and it's seen as a significant advance women are part of the ruling council in measures are being taken to further women's rights and promote sports and the arts. the savvy of a good guy in the past it was difficult for women to play football because there were many complications that prevented them from participating in this activity but now everyone is looking forward to a new reality and has a new ambitions now society has become more receptive to this idea and more accepting of the participation of women and all the areas of life people imagen at
to conflict zones. one knows the germany's foreign intelligence agent. seem to be in deep clip. from former nazi stormtroopers so most german is foremost to get a honeymoon this knew how to sell weapons and broke them in the last 2 minutes. someone in germany secret service somebody had. to be in the final. 45 minutes long t w. look closely.
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and 50 very personal tips on berlin's very best in terms of. looking down the list of really long t.w. . play. played. the breaks it's caucused but german chancellor angela merkel is convinced an orderly departure from the e.u. can. still be negotiated with but that's what this is not said after a meeting with british prime minister boris johnson in berlin on wednesday how can it be achieved. and iran is renaming its currency and cutting 4 zeroes off it will that help ordinary iranians struggling with the effects of international economic sanctions.