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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  July 5, 2019 9:00pm-9:30pm CEST

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this is g.w. news that live from berlin tonight the trillion shereen plan can't save the planet from global warming a team of swiss sciences is says one trillion new trees would be enough to absorb our c o 2 emissions they would cover a landmass of the size of the united states but the scientists believe there is plenty of room will it work also coming up tonight in venezuela both sides of the political divide celebrate the nation's independence day but the humans human
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rights chief says there's little to be happy about with allegations of abuse is an extrajudicial killings by security forces and sudan celebrates a breakthrough in its political crisis after months of protests the ruling generals agreed to share power with civilians for the next 3 years how valuable is this plan for a peaceful transition to democracy. i'm born coffee it's good to have you with us tonight we begin on a positive note in the often gloomy predictions about global warming a team of swiss scientists says that fighting climate change is easier than we think we simply have to plant trees lots of trees at least a trillion of them all over the planet in a study published in the journal science today the scientist. say it's the cheapest
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and most effective solution to fighting global climate change those one trillion trees would cover. the united states but the researchers say the earth has plenty of room for new trees. the best remedy for the climate nature that's what researchers at a direct technology institute are saying by their calculations planting trees is the most efficient way to beat the climate crisis they say it is possible to halt global warming at a price of $1.00 degrees celsius and that 2 thirds of c o 2 emissions caused by human activity could be absorbed by reports station as soon as we start default over stories start to be affected it started back in the ecosystem ok but you know that to reach that total amount of course is going to take several decades the earth is covered with $2800000000.00 hectares of forest researchers say 9 $100000000.00 additional hector's could be planted that's about
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a 3rd of what already exists space for the new trees could be found mainly in russia but there is also enough room to plant trees and other industrialized countries according to researchers they've been looking for natural solutions and to restore destroyed ecosystems. they intentionally left out cities and farmland few. really and courageous. systems so we should respect the local diversity so we do not like advice people to plant flooring species or exotic species or species that grow faster and maybe accurate a bit of carbon faster we were just the natural regeneration reforestation is not the only solution but it may buy us time to change our habits. let's bring in the scientists that we just saw in that report john francoise best known of the swiss federal institute of technology in zurich it's good to have you
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on the program ok we're talking about a trillion new trees i mean that that that is a lot of trees is there really enough space on the planet where conditions where there is space and where the conditions are just right to grow trees well this is what we did in our study basically it's the 1st time that 3 minutes ready to quantify to that of these quanta that this quantitative approach scares me to know what can be done on the planet and the thing is that modern which is predicting where we can put back some trees in the natural environment and not try to call system is only based basically on priming that down to but i think that's how and i think that that's basically just on this coming nation of about a viable those that we observed in natural conditions were able to see that cocaine and natural condition with those variables we can have that amount of trees and this is based on that we're able to extrapolate to an older condition all of
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underworld where we can have some trees just based on those and that conditions and is is there a certain type of tree that is better for helping to fight climate change or can we plant you know any kind of jury. no i think it's a good question because it allows me to make an important point i think it's the idea here that we are defending is that we needed to restore did not try to cause the stand which means that we do not like support the idea of planting. pine trees like everyone around the globe like what we support as an idea is to constrict restore the look out of natural ecosystems so we need to respect their look at species in other to preserve their look at a bit of diversity because maybe as you know or like all the forest ecosystem they shelter about 80 percent of the biodiversity that you can find on land and we can manage to put they that by that is the only for restore the local species so it's very important to respect those look at conditions you know i think it's
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interesting the plan is getting the public attention that it's getting right now we heard this week that the president of brazil is planning to accelerate the cutting down of more of the rain forest the amazon rain forest so my question to you and society is do you think that there is political will to plant a trillion trees. yeah you are it's about problems 1st like underline the problem of deforestation which is of course like we don't hear about restoration bias a bit of time in the fight against climate change but of course if we continue to differ as a side of it it's all from nothing so that's the 1st thing and then yeah it's i think that we have more like a common agreement between scientists about the source of climate change since more than 30 years now and since one to 30 years now you have international reporters tried to push bikes to take some decision and we still lack of those decisions so of course i'm not completely up to me but we need to continue to fight and here
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what we hope is that's like oh are they purr basically we provide you know a paper so we provide a tool and this tool can be used by anyone it can be used by citizen it can be used by n.g.o.s it can be used by someone agencies so anyone basically can take over and i can get new arguments you know that maybe to pull the government to take actions and you know this is something that is easy for people to do anyone can plant a tree but let's let's assume that we did this we have a trillion new trees does that mean that we can continue to drive our cars you know run the air conditioning use fossil fuels that have created this problem to begin with. now exactly you know and this is this is what i was saying just before it's basically a free man issue a story of a thing and bias about 20 years so basically it gives us 20 years to change the way we are living on the planet you know that to reach way of living on a planet which is which has like no impact on the environment so it's just buying us time if we continue to do like the business as well as the same kind of economy
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the same kind of way of living of course it's just like disposing postponing the problem so it's just a bit transmitting the problem to younger people again you know people you have a trillion trees could buy 2 decades that's not a bad deal i would say john francoise best known from the swiss federal institute of technology mr president we appreciate your time tonight thank you thank you. government rallies have been reported in venezuela as the country marks its independence day a large crowd of government demonstrators also rallied in the capital caracas led by self declared president wanted why though many protesters were calling for an end to alleged torture in the country that after a report by the united nations head of human rights which accuses security forces of abuses and extra judicial killings and that's what this government says that that report is biased. are joining us now from our latin
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america desk is jennifer cumming no guns alice jennifer good evening to use. the u.n. report it's accusing the. regime of murder torture repression i mean it's a long list year. what's the reality here about the situation. well the report vindicates what observers n.g.o.s and independent media has already been announced for months and basically what this is is a special forces that maduro has deployed to the poorest areas of caracas and what they do is they come house to house they knock on and they basically take members of the family away male members of the family and they as as it has been alleged they had they killed them and so this is something that they have done to crack down this scent in venice those poor areas because these are the areas where
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the government has traditionally been strong and if they lose these areas they know that that would probably spell the end and so for the opposition this is this is something that's very satisfying to finally have confirmation from the u.n. the highest human rights organ that that this is true that this is happening so so this this is great for. venezuelan opposition and it could help galvanize a reality as a cause but for the government it's for the government it's very damning but the brewer port also shows that that the humanitarian crisis is happening a blames the mother a government for the humanitarian crisis so it is a very very very comprehensive and detailed situation explanation of what's happening on the ground. that it will make a difference in the situation on the ground because it seems that one. seems that there has lost the momentum that he had as you know several months ago. yes this is exactly the question the problem for the opposition is that they're on their 6
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months now of this push that they honestly thought was only going to last one or 2 months they were hoping that the government would fall and it just hasn't and the question is how much of the population has seen this report it has information about this report it's difficult venezuela has suffers from a lot of media crackdown and it has a lot of censorship and the question is beyond the opposition who who knows about this and that's that is what we don't we just don't know but maybe find it maybe we find out today if if this is able to give the opposition new blood all right jennifer communicants all is from our latin american desk jennifer thank you very much thank you now for some of the other stories that are making headlines around the world iran has threatened to seize a british ship in retaliation for the capture of an iranian tanker by british forces on thursday royal marines boarded the vessel off the coast of gibraltar over suspicions that it was breaking european sanctions by taking the oil to syria
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thousands of women whose children are part of hong kong's protest movement have staged a demonstration to show their solidarity they oppose a bill that would allow people to be extradited to mainland china to stand trial students have rejected an offer by the city's chief executive to hold private talks . malta has agreed to accept dozens of migrants rescued by a charity ship in the mediterranean in return italy will take dozens of other migrants who are currently sheltering in malta the move ends a standoff between the charity method to rania and italy's populist interior minister now he refused to allow the boat that belongs to that charity to dock. african union mediators say that opposition leaders and sudan's ruling generals have reached a power sharing agreement and this is
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a breakthrough now under the deal a joint military civilian council will rule the country for the next 3 years sudan has been shaken by protests since the ousting of longtime president omar al bashir back in april opposition leaders say that the new deal is a victory for their movement. celebrations in the capital khartoum as a political standoff deescalate in a gesture of peace sudan's ruling military freed more than $200.00 rebel fighters who are part of the country's opposition a step towards reconciliation one rebel leader praised their release. saying they're not obeying the law makers that it shows clearly that the army and the armed forces are our partners and not our enemy. when sure with the cooperation and understanding we will meet the demands of the sudanese people the status of that those demands are 1st civilian rule it's been the heart of the
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conflict which began after the military ousted long time leader omar al bashir activists called for a transition to a civilian government an impasse ensued and then bloodshed in june security forces opened fire on a protest camp in the capital leaving more than $100.00 dead but after a month the warring sides were at the table again in power sharing talks mediated by the african union and ethiopia after 2 days a breakthrough was announced. and government the mission isn't the 2 parties have agreed to share the sovereign council equally between the military and civilian for the period of at least 3 years. with the they have also agreed on an independent civilian government under the leadership of a prime minister. in
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a further sign of healing they also agreed to launch a national independent investigation into the deaths of the sudanese who were killed in the fight for democracy. well tonight in one corner of the eastern ukraine hoops. arising that the conflict between russian backed separatists and the ukrainian government could be easing the fighting has claimed more than 10000 lives and millions have been forced to leave their homes in the 5 years since russia annexed the region of crimea or shooting continues in the area but peace could be in reach in. ukrainian and separatist forces have withdrawn from their front line positions this step could ease tensions at a vital crossing point between government and separatists held territories more than 10000 civilians cross this point every day. correspondent nick connelly visited the town and he spoke to ukraine's president brought to me as alinsky about
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his plans for bringing peace to his country. it's because people didn't push really distance because they don't see where mr president we've seen those sides and tried to back their positions and standard set of what the next steps to peace in this is . the next step will be further talks in man schools teach us as part of the trilateral contact group to agree on dismantling the concrete defenses in place on both sides. at the last meeting our side was ready to take everything down in the space of a day. we need everything we could to make that happen if. the other side told us they need 8 or 10 days to do the same. and we're waiting for a signal from their side ceased on the bill so it can happen simultaneously at the boys will see the next question will address i hope will be an exchange of
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prisoners of war i mean you it's a. schoolteacher who. wouldn't you say you want to engage with the ukraine slipping in separatist held territory i should be. going to try to. need to talk to them all the time standards and we are already doing that. we are sending signals to them we're telling them that we are all ukrainians we are all the same people we are prepared to do everything required by the men's agreement you know very well that neither i nor my team signed the many greens but we are prepared to follow all the steps needed to implement the agreements in order to finally achieve peace and yes most unusual but can you really breach the peace of that news they just want to it's a difficult question i think many of them are listening to us. i believe in that or at least i really want to believe in that in that we will do as much as we can to reach them as long as it takes. in my pursuit of the shooters does europe still
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support ukraine the beautiful little. but. i've spoken to germany's chancellor and the american and the manual called france and just recently with the canadian prime minister just introduced me to me all of them told me that we have their full support. goodness much money but it's. the 6th i really hope that going forward will see real deeds and not just words of support for ukraine but. what else can we do more seized in fact if we want to end this war by diplomatic means which we really want to do that we have no other options. i hope that the other side will not undermine the measures that we've already agreed to. we have agreed to the 1st meeting after a long period of silence that. will be in the normandy format enough on july the
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12th and what they usually do. we're going to do the 1st work. and that was the ukrainian president lynskey there speaking to. today. we're now into an unlikely place for reviving the movie industry talking about miramar but believe it or not cinema has a long and rich history but decades of military rule suppressed creativity and of censorship and left me and more isolated from the outside creative world now with the country slowly opening up a new wave of directors is hoping to reboot mean mars a golden era of still. lost temples bearing jewels and a lot of the action the film the mystery of burma was a box office hit in e.m.r. last year. our car when is the man behind it not so
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long ago he was an i.t. technician working in singapore. now he's turned his passion for film into a job hoping to reinvent the way myanmar makes movies the visual it's very different from what we can see most of the time in the movie it's totally different but look over there it's really different that's why the people really love the from. me amar was a leading light in regional cinema until the military junta took over in 1982 the country opened up again in 2011 but critics say bad habits remain movies rely on the same overused story lines and peddle lazy stereotypes on race and gender industry insiders say film goers are hungry for fresh ideas. the condition of man must film industry is similar to that of
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a country. after 100 years neither is in good condition. old habits it seems die hard at this year's academy awards. myanmar's version of the oscars the new generation filmmakers left empty handed. director nadji was among those who missed out on a price his adaptation of a novel set in the 1940 s. had won him lots of fans in the horror film crazy nation. the problem was that generation new generation those kind of thing and the. main thing for me is that there. is kind of divided. so you know we need more people who can walk together. b.m.r. is also luring some foreign filmmakers can gang was used as the backdrop for some
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scenes of the hong kong movie shot this year the next goal to get the country's movies picked up overseas and a share in a new golden era for the industry in the empire. cycling's biggest race the tour de france will get underway tomorrow not in the home of fine wine cheese and baguettes but across the border in belgium the 1st stage is always a massive event and this year's growing depart marks the 50th anniversary of a breakthrough performance by a belgian many consider to be the greatest cyclist of all. expenses belgium is probably the most famous internationally for its beer fries and of course chocolate that combo might not scream top level athleticism but it's not stopping some of the world's 50 sportsman from sweeping into the capital brussels will host the gone to the opening stage of the tour de france for the 1st time since 958 the
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city has been transformed for the big start honoring belgian sporting history while putting the country back on the map as a cycling power is the primary goal for organizers we want to be the country of bicycle again that's why it's so important for us to have the most important computed concerning bicycle here in brussels because of. the 2 is belgium beginning has special resonance marking the 50th anniversary of national hero and he met his 1st tour de france win in 1969 max who's $52.00 to france victories top a lengthy list of titles is still revered by locals to feel it's awesome when any mets win his 1st tour de france i was 12 years old so it's great that we're doing the ground here in brussels it's nice. when things get rolling the condé power will add another exciting chapter to belgium cycling history books which mix helped to
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write. all right from the tour de france to the tennis courts and last years or this last year's men's finalist kevin anderson he was the big loser on day 5 this year at wimbledon he was knocked out in the 3rd round by bheja defending champion of a djokovic she had to fight hard to overcome hubert her catch in 4 sets the serbian is in the other half of the draw from rivals on the doll and roger federer and so looks to have a clear path to the final in the women's draw all former world number one carly navels the aki is out after a punishing loss to china's junction y. and 15 year olds and sation there she is corey goff of the united states continued her fairy tale run with a comeback win over polonia head saw meanwhile allison fun and greets men and the 1st openly gay couple to play doubles at wimbledon they were knocked out when the
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women's soccer world cup comes to its conclusion this weekend with the holders the united states taking on the netherlands in the final it has been widely acclaimed as the best women's tournament ever in terms of performances and global interests now if it wants to increase the number of teams and double the prize money at the next women's world cup. support has a sold out stadium the semifinals of the women's world cup went exactly as fee for how as in the opinion of president jenny infantino did the whole thing this women's world cup in france as being a phenomenon as being incredible is being emotional as being a passion has been fantastic as being great has been. the best women's world cup ever in fact tino wasted no time in announcing features big plans for the future he hopes to expand the women's tournament to 32 teams and double the prize money also
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tabled plans for lucrative new women's competitions sports politics means women's football is becoming big business. politics is a hot topic too in the u.s. camp in protest against donald trump several players have suggested they may refuse an invitation to the white house if they retain their trophy. i think we'll make that decision after we finish sunday's game i think there's been a lot of talk prematurely about the white house and about trying but 1st we have to do business the u.s. head into sunday's showpiece as clear favorites european champions the netherlands would have paid to have a little charms in their 1st ever world cup final but they will put up a real fight the on site of the 2 semifinals and host to sunday's final is already flooded with fans much to the 1st delight. you're watching. from next africa our environment magazine i'll be back at the top of the
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hour with more followed by the day we're going to look at migrant misery in the mediterranean i have to see you there. the food. and.
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eco africa is. the correct way to prune coffee pushes. the movement in food new obvious place to have a thought for the free food for an outdoor training session at the climate academies in kenya. the fairtrade foundation is showing farmers how to work economically despite the effects of climate change.
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the field is all happening. really funny. your link to news from africa and the world. your link to inception stories and discussions hello and welcome student news african comes grammy night from born in germany from the news of easy to our website d w dot com smash africa join us on facebook at g.w. africa. you know that 77 percent topic are younger than 6 o'clock. that's me. and you. you know why it's time all voices quiet on this 77 percent talk about the
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issues. from politics to fashion from housing boom boom time this is where. welcome to the 77 percent. this weekend d.w. . loaf. hello and welcome to this new edition of eco africa the environment magazine brought to you by channel salvation. and quest it's even south africa am now out.

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