tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle September 27, 2017 6:03am-6:31am CEST
only when the mother's life is in danger. the trial has begun of a preacher suspected of being the de facto leader of the so-called islamic state in germany the thirty three year old iraqi and known as abu allah is on trial in the city of salah accused of radicalizing young people and running a jihadist network for codefendant stand accused of supporting a foreign terrorist organization the network is alleged to have links to the berlin christmas market attack a miss armory. and manuel mock wrong laid out his vision for the european union calling for some dramatic changes but can he sell the german chancellor and the rest of europe on his vision or are germany and france now when a collision course i'm sarah harman in berlin this is the day.
i say to people european leaders to all parliaments in europe to all the peoples of europe to look at our times look at in the face and you see we have no choice but to hold kind of the europe we know is too weak or too slow too inefficient. for you to call something instead of concentrating on wasting energy on internal divisions might know if we have been doing for such a long time. we don't want to put on a europe a line you know what it can't guarantee genuine sovereignty in the real world the big fifty to defend our interests and values you know something i suppose i'm putting you know i'm proposing to germany a new partnership so that we will not agree on everything not immediately but we
will discuss everything but. also coming up on the program a shock announcement from saudi arabia it's going to allow women to drive something that had previously been banned under the wall. kareen we'll be here with me in the studio to tell us more but first should the eurozone have a joint budget french president manuel micron certainly thinks so it was really his main points as he outlined his plan to transforming europe he says has become too weak and too slow but not everyone agrees with his vision that joint budget in particular is going to be a hard sell here in germany not to mention some of his other ideas like closer you coordination on defense and immigration are likely to be opposed by right wing anti e.u. politicians. at a time when the european project is under attack as never before in my new world met call spent nearly two hours laying out his vision for a united europe. the europe we know is too weak to
slow and too inefficient but only europe and europe alone can give us the capacity to act against the big challenges we face now. flanked by french and european flags he said europe needed to relaunch itself with greater cooperation on issues including asylum seekers border protection and intelligence. what's missing in europe today with regard to defense it is a common strategic culture in our incapacity to act together in a convincing manner puts our credibility in question. as well as strategic issues he also called for the creation of a transnational agency to foster european innovation financial stability and corporate tax were also in areas where he said much deeper cooperation was needed. for you to. instead of concentrating all our energy on our internal divisions as we've been doing now for far too long instead of losing our way in arguments in
a european civil war arguing about budgets finances politics or whatever we need to consider how to build a europe that strong. feeling. but at a time when tensions between eastern and western europe are stressing the union and member states are still battling to overcome nearly a decade of economic crisis delisting discourse was not going to please everyone outside the venue several hundred students protested against his planned reform agenda in the countryside to his speech will have received a less than favorable response rural france is where far right leader. has his support base and the future of europe as an entity will depend on whether the unions two strongest members france and germany can work together to defeat the common enemy within. going down here in berlin i've
got our chief political correspondent want to crane with me here well and macron envisions a europe with greater cooperation at all sorts of levels does he have ongoing medical support. well after his own election she was mildly if nonspecifically encouraging saying that she certainly did want to work together with france to reenergize europe and following the german vote on sunday she said that she can in visage more europe if it leads to a more competitive e.u. and also to more jobs and more clout for europe abroad she also said that she has no red lines when it comes to e.u. policy and interestingly enough president mccraw used a similar phrase in his own speech saying that there need be no red lines when it comes to discussing what's good for europe so what's all the talk of red lines well
it has everything to do with the fact that one of america's potential coalition partners in a new government has said that his party does have red lines he is the leader of the business friendly free democrats and he doesn't at all like the notion of a common euro zone budget or a common finance minister believing that both would leave in the lead in the direction of germany footing the bill for various issues and problems of the indebted to southern european countries and interestingly enough a second potential coalition partner of the chancellor namely her own bavarian sister party the christian social union they also raise their voice after mccrone speech today saying that they too see some red lines when it comes to that common budget and the common finance minister so with this point she may be mildly receptive to mr message in this area of common economic policy but she's going to
have some tough persuading to do with those potential coalition partners are she's got to get her potential partners on board the timing of the speech though is so interesting why is that wrong doing it now after the german elections before the weeks of coalition wrangling make in. we're told that he absolutely intentionally timed this speech for this particular moment the reason is he absolutely must have germany on board germany is the country that pays most into the e.u. budget if he wants a common budget and they don't go along the idea is dead in the water so he must have german support apparently the idea in paris and he did speak to the chancellor twice in the past two days is that he wants to get that plan out there before there's a coalition agreement in place before any coalition partners have locked in their policy on europe in other words he's hoping to influence the debate and get a foot in the door right now at this crucial juncture ok now merkel opened
germany's doors in twenty fifteen and a lot of people say it's one of the reasons for party suffered such losses in this election because many voters disagree with that decision do you think the chancellor would fight for a european asylum office. of the type that he is proposing. let's say i think she could be receptive to the idea if it were to lead to a fairer and more equitable distribution of refugees within europe as is actually foreseen by e.u. law all of the euro your european union member countries that subscribe to the dublin treaty are actually obligated to take a proportional share of refugees but a number of countries such as hungry for example have made clear that they don't intend to comply with that obligation so if this agency could somehow push that process forward could truly lead to implementation of that law or to a better system a fairer distribution i think that many people here in germany would be very very
receptive briefly melinda macron has proposed a european budget in germany we've just seen a party which began as a euro skeptic party capture nearly a hundred seats in the bonus on how do you think those plans for a european budget will go down here in germany. germany is very divided on this as many other issues yes we have some strong euro skeptic voices though that part of the that you mentioned of the far right alternative for germany party will be in the opposition so we will not be shaping government policy but government policy may get shaped partly in reaction to this presence of the party on the political spectrum amongst the potential coalition partners that america was looking at as i said to our very very skeptical but there is one that's very supportive of mr mccall's idea in exactly this area that is the green party so we will see how it plays out in coalition negotiations but it is
a very very tough moment for these kind of far reaching visionary proposals to find this on audience year all right melinda crane thank you very much for your analysis . german chancellor angela merkel is coming under increasing pressure she works to cobble together a new government or a very in sister party the c.s.u. insists that policy changes have to happen after the conservatives big election losses but the chancellor already has her hands full as she seeks to build a coalition with both the pro-business free democrats and the environmentalist greens two parties that don't have much in common. the chancellor and the head of her sister party the c.s.u. have an urgent task winning back their voters who supported the far right in sunday's election the question is how and that's a source of friction between the two party leaders the former transportation minister a member of the c.s.u. says the conservatives work is cut out for them. this year this is
something we have to remember the whole political spectrum. from the center to the democratic right wing. that could mean the chancellor and her conservatives drifting further right to steal the populist fire the two parties are mulling over their options for the next coalition governments make up for merkel there is only one possibility governing with the business friendly free democrats and the environmentally oriented green party the greens say such a coalition would come at a price pushing through the greens agenda. we face enormous challenges the greens are prepared to make them head on but it's clear they can't be any sleepwalking here if the coalition works out fine but if it doesn't forget and. the free democrats say it's imperative that the two conservative sister parties find common ground. it's always the same with the c.s.u.
you never know if they'll have the same position tomorrow i think they could use a session in couples counseling with merkel's party at. the social democrats have reiterated their position after their punishing election result they will not join a new government with the chancellor. via gear and indeed we're going into opposition that's in service of the country and the service to our democracy the wrangling for a new governing coalition continues. more turmoil for the far right alternative for germany after their resoundingly lection success co-leader country says she's leaving the party they said to be the third largest group in the new german parliament after taking nearly thirteen percent of the vote it should have been a moment of triumph for the a.f.p. the first meeting of their new parliamentary group the freshly elected f.t. lawmakers chose elise speidel and alexander golland as coal parliamentary leaders
the duo faced a barrage of questions about party chairwoman franco petris shock announcement that she will resign for galland petris move was the logical consequence of her recent actions. i have to admit i'm thankful that she has gone down this route because i'm not a big fan of party expulsion processes so it's good that she solve the problem this way you just will be enough you guys are going to. be a treat once the face of the a.f.p. held her own press conference she explained why she and her husband also went after a member have decided to leave the party. he said of on our goals have not changed one bit since the election of course i still want to work towards political change in two thousand and twenty one initially as an individual member of parliament and perhaps later in a different constellation. that statement already has many inside and
outside the f.t. wondering if petri has plans to set up a rival far right party. war on the rise of the far right here in germany i'm joined now by james kirchick he's with a conservative think tank the brookings institute and he's the author of the book the end of europe dictators demagogues and the coming dark age james thanks for being with us on the day first off what do you make of the f.d.a. success here in germany. well obviously it's a major historical point in german history that you haven't had a party of this nature far right populist party hasn't been in the bundestag really since the one nine hundred fifty s. since the immediate post-war period so certainly it's going to change the tone of political debate in germany german politicians compared to most other countries are very polite cordial they like consensus and now we have a group of rabble rousers who are really going to up and that political culture and
i think you're going to see a lot more heated political rhetoric in germany that you really haven't seen for a very long time how much of this do you think is a vote for the a.f.d. itself and how much of it was a protest vote against merkel's refugee policy yeah there were polls that came out showing that about sixty percent of people who voted for the a.f.d. were voting as a protest they didn't necessarily agree with the entire agenda of the a.f.p. but i think it's fair to say that most of the people who voted for the party whether it was a protest vote or a broader conviction vote are unhappy with the migration policy that chancellor merkel took we have about a million if not more voters from the christian democrats left that party to vote for the a.f.d. and they did so primarily for this reason and that's why you have or see offer in
bavaria saying that the c.s.u. is going to have to cover up its right flank ok what about this theory that the a.f.p. has influence in the german parliament is going to be a larger than their numbers suggest they've only got thirteen percent of the vote roughly because of their the power to do just what you're describing to force things mainstream parties further to the right kind of like you can't did to the conservatives in the u.k. ahead of bracks and do you see that happening here in germany. yeah that's a good point i mean in particular on the issues of migration and identity there's been a sort of false consensus among german political elites for for quite some time where the elite opinion was out of step with a large number of germans and now we have a party that the extreme is going to be dissenting from that consensus and there really wasn't any difference on migration policy from the greens to the social
democrats to the christian democrats and now you have a party that's fundamentally at odds with that consensus so i think they're going to be instigating a lot of debates within the parliament and you know part of that is going to be noxious part of it might even be xena phobic and nationalistic and racist but part of it's going to be good because i think german politics could use a little more debate amongst its political leaders a lot of people here in germany are really had to tend to say german publics politics become americanised and sink to that level of discourse if i can say is that the things have taken on in the states i want to talk about your book though for a second you wrote a book called the end of europe what do you mean by that. well i wouldn't let me just say first i wouldn't say that german politics are becoming americanized it is becoming more europeanized i mean if you look at most of continental europe they've long had far right parties and in neighboring france you have marine le pen she had
thirty she got thirty four percent of the vote you mentioned ukip or earlier when britain has a very contentious political culture so i think you know germany was an outlier bobbies to because of its history there was a taboo on the extreme right there still is obviously but you know seventy five years after world war two that taboo is is disintegrating in germany's becoming more of a normal european country in that regard as far as my book goes the end of europe i talk about the end of europe as we've come to really know it's over the past twenty five thirty years as a place of of peace of economic prosperity of political moderation and i think in all ways we're seeing this break down and i really think that the results of sunday's election attests to this and that you know germany has now really really joins the club of countries that are dealing with this with this populous problem on the other hand we did see merkel re-elected despite her refugee policy and recently we saw that criminal act and running on a strong european ticket in france that contradicts your idea that europe is coming
to an end. well i mean it's not literally coming to an end and i don't think anyone was seriously doubting that mccrone would win or that merkel would win but these are major developments and if you compare the amount of support that the national front received in its election this year versus when. pen ran fifteen years ago it doubled we have up in germany we have the a.f.d. which went from not being in parliament four years ago to now being the third largest party we have breaks it we have russia. seizing territory by force for the first time on the european continent since world war two so there's all sorts of really negative developments happening on the european continent right now and i'm not sure which direction it's going to go all right times they are a changing that's james kirchick joining us from washington he's with the brookings institute thanks for sharing your view on europe.
well a shock announcement from saudi arabia the kingdom is finally lifting its ban on women driving saudi king soundman has issued a new decree officially ending the ban on women behind the wheel the saudi representative to the u.n. broke the news earlier today you may be interested to know that a few minutes ago arroyo a decree has been issued in saudi arabia giving women the right to drive. this is a historic day for saudi society for men and women and we can now see at last. at last at twenty seventeen it feels kind of weird to be talking about women driving that that's what we're going to do i'm joined now by my colleague the d.w. anchor and reporter john far of joel karim i have to say this surprised me i didn't see this coming did you actually know what i know is that since years since months
and every single day there are a lot of women rights activists or working for does step today and they're trying everything some of them went so far that they drove to provoke to have a kind of an action in saudi arabia and then they were imprisoned so they had to leave the country others are still in prison so it's a long struggle to reach this moment today allowing saudi woman to drive which is now countries on this planet allow women to drive saudi arabia was the last country that didn't allow women to drive but if you look on the social media for no everyone is really celebrating and everyone is just enjoying the moment i just checked some of the tweets and even talk to some of the women rights activists who are celebrating this moment like men alice shareef who also wrote a book about about her struggle. to drive she's just said for me this is not a moment where i just want to enjoy and live the moment where we've been struggling
for a long time and at the same time we have to be. a very critical and distance to what's happening that's the first step allowing women to drive and there are still a lot of steps to be done concerning like the guardian i know you have even a hash tag trending up there alone to drive which is saying i want to be my own guardian because i mean the question would be if hooman wants to issue her driving license now does she have to get the ok from the guardian which is her father or her husband or her son and there are different steps that will be done so still a lot of open question when it comes to this but we do have a woman who's directly affected and who's been working for a long time you know get the right to drive her name is tom adore me she joins us now on the line from saudi arabia tell me more thanks for being with us this surprise announcement today how did you feel when you heard the news. hi thank you
for having me i'm so up pete lewis i was overwhelmed i was relieved i was laughing and crying hysterically at the same time i was in disbelief i had to i was i was in the shower when my phone started ringing and it wasn't stop ringing it was ringing nonstop and i thought it was an emergency because it's late at night and i ran out of out of the shower and i answered and one of my friends worth one thing congratulations woman can drive now and i believe i said no that's not true and i went you see i switched on the t.v. to the local news channel and i thought there and i just gathered then i couldn't say anything i i was just final and to add that i was freezing and of strength to breathe trying to control my emotions trying to see billy's i mean it's a historic will start a moment. it's a happy day it's the day when we realize all our efforts and
trouble and activism sacrifices that we took out of our effort and time and family. connections and and we just realized you know that we gained we gained our rights we regained them and so to say. it's just so happy that you're with a happy day and we're so happy for you tom a tory want to let you go out and celebrate and enjoy this moment of victory that you worked so hard thank you thanks for sharing some of your happiness with us here thank you the day itself much all the best. to come others just to listening to us as well who some of that are because i well i had different interviews with the mother i know how much she and other women struggling to reach this moment today yeah it's a big deal and just very briefly because they don't have much time left yes do you
think this is a sign that sony rape. is modernizing or is it a mistake to read too much into this i would say it's part of the vision of twenty thirty which is about modernizing saudi arabia and i mean it's all about economical reforms to twenty thirty and you cannot have economic reforms they don't have social reforms and part of it is to fight unemployment i think allowing women to drive is part of integrating them in the work system and allowing time to work because the number of graduates in saudi arabia are more women but the number of unemployment is also is also by women so this is an economic decision and a lot of ways i would i would go and say it's also part of an economy. decision because if you want to fight unemployment if you want to change structures if you want to do reforms you have to do you have to have a social reforms and this social reforms will for sure help women to be part to be an active part in the economical system and to be able to work because even when they want to drive and go to work and have their meetings it's impossible so now
it's more free it will help them and as again said it's a first step but there's still a lot to do still a lot to do to far abdelkarim thanks for walking us through some of the points on this is a happy day and it's nice to end on this positive news the day is nearly done but we're going to take our conversation online find us on twitter either at news or you can tweet right at me at sarah harman five three don't forget to use our hash tag a day and remember no matter what happens back tomorrow for more of that. can prices go lower many farmers are in a dilemma. should they run a profitable factory farm or raise food the natural way.
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