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tv   Pres. Biden Remarks at Dodd Ctr. for Human Rights  CSPAN  November 26, 2021 12:36am-1:29am EST

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democratic senator christopher dodd. he talked about his friendship senator dodd and the fight for human rights around the world. this is 50 minutes. [applause] sen. dodd: thank you all very much. welcome. i cannot even begin to thank you for your work today, but also [indiscernible] for 42 years. i've made a lot of political decisions, as those of us in public life do all the time.
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[indiscernible] i think you. [indiscernible] we have one more to add to that family. thank you, dear friend. [applause]. let me briefly, if i may, thank so many people who made this day possible, going back a long time. almost 30 years ago, the former president of this institution made a phone call to me. and that was if i would be willing to think about finishing my college papers here at the university. that's where this journey began years ago. over the years, one president after another's board of trustees said [indiscernible]
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a great job in difficult circumstances. [applause] we have a great governor in connecticut named lamont. ned lamont. [applause] thank you all very, very much. i want to thank my family over here, but particularly my wife and my daughter area -- daughter. [indiscernible] i am very grateful for them for their commitments and support as well and what they have contributed along the way.
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i mentioned the governor has helped. richard friedman is a great friend. [applause] [indiscernible] [applause] [indiscernible] you were able to be survivors of the holocaust, which was the genesis of my father's coming alive, if you will. it would have been not quite the same event had you not been here. so much of what you andy th other survivors have done it is made the issue of human rights come home to all of us. thank you to the contributions to our stay on countless
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occasions and thank you for reminding all of us to never, ever forget, so thank you, my dear friend. many wonderful people as i look around. [indiscernible] decided to have lunch with each other about a year and a half ago. thank you, both. everything that you've done. [applause] which is something that all of us were so deeply positive would never have happened without you, so thank you immensely, my friend, for your loyalty to this university, your generosity to this university and your commitment to human rights. it is a great deal. thank you very much. [indiscernible]
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[laughter] i know gabby with us today, i saw them coming to the door, my former colleagues and members of my connecticut delegation in congress. chris murphy coming in, hayes, larson, jim himes. i think i got them all. thank you all for being here. legislative leaders in the general assembly, members. [indiscernible] 200 or 300 people. during the 36 years that i served in public office representing the state, first as a congressman, then as a senator. i've been blessed to have remarkable people who are part of that all those long years.
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creative name, i might add. i thank them for everything they did to make my work successful. there's no words i could ever use to thank the people of my state forgiving both my father and i the opportunity to serve. i am very grateful to my staff. i would be remiss if i didn't, at this particular moment, i remember i hired a guy from a friendly ice cream shop to be part of the staff. [indiscernible] my chief of staff. i want eddie to know that even though he's not here today how much she is responsible for everything that's happened over the years to make us successful on behalf of the people of this state. my staff, i thank all of them as well.
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thank you for everything you've done as well. [cheers] [applause] [indiscernible] [applause] [cheers] lastly, [indiscernible] you have people who dedicate themselves working with at the university, the board of governors, board of trustees. you've done a tremendous job. [applause] [cheers] [] indiscernible]
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let me say some brief remarks because it's a great honor to have the president of the united states on our campus here. 75 years ago, october 15, 1946, that's tomorrow. the defendants of the nuremberg trial were waiting themselves 75 years ago on the eve of receiving a census of the four allied nations. that concluded only two weeks earlier on october 1. winston churchill had argued [indiscernible] of all the defendants at nuremberg. joseph stalin wanted a show trial and an execution. 10 of the defendants on october 16, 1946, would be executed the
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next day on october 16. the defendants were given a wide range of prison sentences and three were completely acquitted on that day. who would have imagined that a trial conducted by four nations with highly diverse judicial systems would have upheld the principles of rule of law and [ indiscernible] in recorded history. in november of 1945, the chief prosecutor for the united states adamantly foretold why the trials of nuremberg were so critical. his words predicted the conduct of the trial and importantly, the relevancy in our 21st century moment. my father revered jackson. he often quoted a sentence from justice jackson's opening
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remarks at the trial. let me share them with you. four great nations [indiscernible] by voluntarily submitting their enemies to the judges to the rule of law is one of the most significant tributes to power ever paid to reason. one sentence which captures the axis -- essence, the rule of law. it was about restoring the rule of law. it had been so violated, everything the nazis did during their reign was in their minds justified, ironically, because of the nuremberg laws, which gave them permission to do what they did. in april 1945, franklin roosevelt appointed justice jackson as united states prosecutor at nürnberg, and shortly thereafter, that choice was confirmed.
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truman, justice jackson, and the 38-year-old a justice department prosecutor would come from the stand. and like president joe biden, has believed and championed [indiscernible] is the peace and security we all seek home and abroad. the confirmation of my father's conviction at the nürnberg trials were of meaningful importance and was expressed in a letter to my mother in the early summer of 1946, almost a year later after the trials began. it captures why nürnberg resonates even today, in my view. the huge impact that nuremberg had on my father and a deep commitment to the human rights, rule of law and public life.
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someday, he wrote, the nuremberg trials will be recognized as a great landmark in the great struggle of mankind for peace" nothing will ever really be as important. some will be inspired by. today, we gather on the campus of great american university and at the entrance of its center for human rights, may i say with thanks and confidence to those of you gathered here today, including both my friend, the president of the united states. in response to my father's hope uttered 75 years ago, here at the center, at this university, we will invoke the president's and call upon the law that was made in nuremberg 75 years ago.
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i am very grateful to my dear, dear friend, our president, for coming to connecticut, for coming to our flagship university and for coming to the dodd center for human rights. my friend here is joe biden. a friendship that has grown personally. when my sister passed away some years ago, [indiscernible] president of the united states, joe biden. when my older brother was diagnosed with cancer, who did i call first for advice on what to do? my friend joe biden. and when we were both campaigning for the presidential nomination, which you've all certainly forgotten, in 2007, while participating in those endless debates, which kennedy
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flew to and from the debate with me? my friend joe biden. i wanted to quickly add, we are also both [indiscernible] i might add. i am grateful to my friend for being with us today. there are strong substantive reasons for our friendship. i know of no other colleague who cared more about the human rights of people at home and around the world. [engaged] -- [indiscernible] he authored the violence against women act and he was a leading voice against apartheid in south africa. and his historic confrontation with the balkans was the leading
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human rights abuser was another -- of his fearless advocacy of human rights. the president was a consistent, strong voice on human rights. i've never had a more rewarding colleague -- who stemmed the tide of human rights abuses in central america. as senator, and today as president, joe biden is not only an advocate of human rights and the rule of law, he is consistently and actively engaged as an outspoken world leader in this cause. today, hate crimes and hate speech is known all around. supremacy groups are -- at home. [indiscernible] seems to grow on a regular basis. president, your presence here today on this university campus, at the center for human rights, is not merely a gesture of friendship, as much as i
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appreciate our friendship, it is also a reflection of who you are, for what you believe, and what you want for our country,your courageous decisions, your clear priorities, in my view, and your deep, long held convictions to build america back better after these hard and difficult years is exactly the leadership that our country so desperately needs. my friends gathered here today on this campus, would you please join me in welcoming and thanking our president, our president of the united states, joseph r. biden. [applause] ♪
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>> thank you so much. my name is joe biden. i am jill biden's husband. and i'm delighted to be here. thank you. thank you. it is truly, it's not hyperbole to suggest, it's a great honor to be here, a genuine honor, and at this great public university celebrating the life and legacy of not one, but two proud sons of connecticut, senator thomas dodd and my good friend and we truly are really good, close friends, senator chris dodd. chris and i have known each other for a long time. but if you'll excuse a point of personal privilege, as we used to say in the senate, i saw up close how he fought for human
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rights and human dignity in the senate. but do you know my measure? madam ambassador, ambassador kennedy, do you know what my measure is? people who tell me they care about people and then disrespect the waitress or a waiter. people who tell me they care about how, in fact, people are entitled to be treated with dignity and walk by someone at a shoeshine stand and doesn't say "hello." people who do not do the just simply decent things for ordinary people. that's the real measure. i've never seen chris, figuratively or speaking, walk by anybody. i've never seen him ignore his wife, nor his two brilliant, beautiful daughters. i remember the passion and eloquence that you brought to the floor, chris, whether you were fighting for american families or serving as the senate leader, leading voice on engagement with latin america and the caribbean.
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and your brother, the ambassador, did a pretty damn good job as well. i think that the work this senator is doing to bring human rights to the forefront of public understanding is making and your brother, the ambassador, did a pretty damn good job as well. i think that the work this senator is doing to bring human rights to the forefront of public understanding is making a real and immediate impact for all young people today. i know, i think it's going to rate high among your family's many great and lasting contributions to the country, chris. and i know this is truly a family commitment for the dodds, so thank you for inviting me to be part of this. i think it's a -- i really mean it -- it's an honor to be able to be here. of course, i owe chris. i remember when, as he pointed out, when were both running for president back in 2007 with almost no cash in either of our campaigns, you let me hop a ride with you in a twin-engine prop plane, true story, from our
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senate vote in d.c. to a democratic debate in new hampshire. and we were on our way to the debate one other time, but the whole way up, we just laughed and told stories before we were debating one another. and then the next day, to get back to the senate to vote, we had to flag down a young -- remember this? flag down a young senator named barack obama to get to even open the airport. god's truth. remember that, chris? here, he'd just been there two years. he was on my foreign relations committee. i was chairman. i said, "can you get the airport open for us?" i used to, i'd kid barack. i couldn't understand why he so soundly defeated me in that primary. and then i realized when he'd be introduced, he'd be introduced by the voice of god. i get introduced by johnny
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scanafrana. so, it took a while for me to figure all this out. luckily, chris, i got to travel on a much nicer plane these days. [applause] and it's yours to travel on any time you would like. i want to thank a few more proud connecticut leaders who have been spending time with me today. governor lamont, you have been, you're one of the finest governors in the country. i'm not being solicitous, that's a fact. [applause] exceeded only by your wife. [laughter] and senator blumenthal, who i mentioned earlier today, i apologize for repeating this, but my son, beau biden, is the one who should be standing here talking to you. my son, beau biden, was the attorney general of the state of delaware. and one of the people he went to and sought advice from, for
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real, was then-attorney general blumenthal. and one of the people he went to and sought advice from, for real, was then-attorney general blumenthal. they became friends. and my son was a great admirer. and i think the senator knows that. and senator murphy, if i have to have someone in the foxhole with me, i want murph with me, man. [laughter] no, i'm serious. this guy knows as much about foreign policy as anybody does, and his failure to remain silent has meant a great deal to me because he's spoken up on so much. and, representative courtney, i thank you. thank you for your help and your support. and rosa delauro, rosa. i don't owe as much as chris does to rosa, but i owe a hell of a lot to her. my son was married, and it was his second year of law school, and he transferred to yale law school. and rosa heard that i was, i was coming up with him. and the apartment he rented was less than ideal and the whole thing had to be painted.
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my brother, jimmy, who fixes everything my brother, jimmy, was with us, and we went down and bought about 28 gallons of paint. i don't know how but, for real, it was hot as hell as well. and i'm up on a, on an eight-foot ladder, painting the crown molding and sweating like the proverbial you-know-what. and i hear [knocking] at the door. i said, "come in." and the then-alderman, is it alderman or councilman at the time? alderman. alderman delauro walked in, her mom. and she said, "where's biden?" and i said, "i'm here." she said, "no, stop fooling with me, son. where's biden?" i said, "no, no, i'm biden. i'm biden." and she came, she says, "i just wanted to come over and introduce myself and tell your son i'll be taking care of him." and in walks the chief of police. i thought, "holy god, what did i do?" she says, "you're going to have nothing to worry about.
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you have nothing to worry about." talk about constituent service, rosa, you come by it, honestly. [applause] and rosa, we've all, and i'm not being solicitous again, i'm using that word twice now, we've all learned a great deal from you. i want to thank you for your longstanding dedication to the, relating to the wellbeing of children and families, and for championing and expanding the child tax credit, which is a gigantic middle-class tax cut for working families, that finally got passed in the american rescue plan, which we were able to get done immediately upon being elected. and rosa will not tell you, but she's the first person i called to ask for her help as to how i should do this. and that put money in the pockets of families all across this country, even as we speak.
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it's how we're going to cut child poverty in this country. and we've already cut it in, nearly in half. and none of us should lose sight of what it meant to american families when we think about our mission to defend human rights and dignity at home and around the world. 26-years ago today, another united states senator a united states president, who i just spoke to, chris, literally an hour and a half ago, bill clinton, and he sends his best, by the way, visited this university to dedicate the thomas j. dodd research center, a library and archives of papers that amount to an incredible first-person first draft of history. and let me say that we're all thinking about president clinton today and sending him his good wishes to a speedy recovery. and he's always been the comeback kid. he's getting out of the hospital. everything is going well. but he wanted to send his best.
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as a young lawyer, tom dodd had already built a record of fighting hatred by prosecuting the kkk in the south, but, when, in 1945, he left behind his beloved grace and his five young children, a young christopher just 14 months old at the time, to travel to the bombed-out cities of europe to document the shocking atrocities, still fresh in their horror, to question and cross-examine some of history's most notorious villains, and that's not hyperbole, some of history's most notorious villains and to expose beyond question the depravity and the crimes against humanity that the nazi regime committed. tom dodd dedicated his intellect and his moral passion and his resolute sense of right and wrong to making the nuremberg
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war crimes tribunal a testament to justice. and that's what it was, a testament to justice. nothing like it ever happened before. and all the while, he was writing letters to his grace, lamenting their separation but recognizing the momentous weight of history that rested on his shoulders. and chris, i came up, the same sentence from your book, "someday," he wrote, "will be recognized as a great landmark in the struggle of mankind for peace. never before has such a record been written and men will read it for a thousand years in amazement and wonderâhow it happened." when president clinton spoke at this first dedication, he ended on a pointed reminder. he said, and i quote, "the road to tyranny, we must never forget, begins with the destruction of truth.
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the road to tyranny begins with the destruction of truth." in my view, that was the lesson at the heart of the nuremberg trials, finding truth, documenting it so it could never be denied. in court, tom dodd built the case fact by fact, using the nazis' own meticulous records of crimes and shocking human evidence to pin down nazi leaders who tried to deny their complicity and feign ignorance. and even more important, it denied the entire german policy the ability to feign ignorance. to deal with the past, you must face the truth, whether it was dachau, or buchenwald,
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auschwitz, or other camps. millions of jews rounded up, along with members of other minority groups, and thrown into camps, abused, used as forced labor, medical experimentation. six million jews murdered, including so many who met their ultimate fate in the gas chamber. he made sure no one could deny their own eyes and what they saw. he preserved the truth, ugly and as traumatic as it was, for all of history so that the horrors of the holocaust could never be diminished or denied. an evil that we still have to guard against to this day has to be watched. chris, as you heard me say many times before because you got to
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meet my dad, my dad was a well-read, high-school-educated fellow whose greatest regret was he never went to college. but he cared deeply about human dignity. our dinner table, my dad was what many would call a righteous christian. he happened to be a catholic, but he was a righteous christian. and growing up, my dad would come home for dinner before he went back to close the business he managed. and the dinner table was a place where we sat to have conversation and, incidentally, eat. no, i'm serious. my dad used to talk about, as a student of the holocaust, what a tragedy it was that we didn't bomb the railroad tracks toward the end of the war, how wrong it was that we turned away the st. louis, a ship full of jewish refugees from europe.
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he believed passionately the only way we could make real the promise of never again was to keep reminding ourselves of what had happened and how so many people, otherwise thought themselves decent people, rationalized that it really wasn't happening. "we didn't know what was going on." because if they weren't turning on the gas valve, they had no responsibility. that's why, if you'll again excuse a point of personal privilege, when each of my children, and now my grandchildren, turned the age of 15, the first thing i've done, my word as a biden, is put them on an aircraft and fly to dachau, one at a time, at age 15. "work sets you free" as you go through the entrance. but that's not what i wanted
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them to see. i wanted them to see the lovely homes that were right up against the fence line with their beautiful roofs. people living in there rationalized that, "it's not me. i'm not doing this. and i don't know, really, what's going on in there." i wanted them to see the ability of the human mind to rationalize cannot be underestimated. i would say, parenthetically, the reason why germany has been able to turn it around, unlike other countries, is because they faced it head on, acknowledged. so, let me say it again, nuremberg was unlike anything that ever came before.
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it was not about vengeance. it was about accountability. for only acknowledging the truth can we prevent the repetition of atrocities, which are happening now in other parts of the world. it elevated our conception, as chris said, of the rule of law. it set a marker for the future of justice, uplifted the importance of human rights in international affairs. we see it in the nuremberg tribunals, the blueprint we see in those tribunals, the blueprint for future united nations tribunals that would help deliver justice after atrocities committed in rwanda and the former yugoslavia.
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we see it in the values championed at nuremberg and the antecedents of the universal declaration of human rights and the foundation of a rules-based international order built out of the wreckage of two wars, world wars, not just to prevent us from destroying ourselves, but to actively build a better future. we see it in the passion of a young prosecutor, the commitment to prioritizing the human impacts of policies, the commitment carried through in his son's career of public service and by all the students of this institute who've been inspired by the example. we need you.
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we need you badly. and as we look around the world today, we see human rights and democratic principles increasingly under assault. we feel the same charge of history upon our own shoulders to act. we have fewer democracies in the world today than we did 15 years ago. fewer. not more, fewer. cannot be sustained. that's why, from day one of my administration, i've taken concrete steps to put human rights back at the center of our foreign policy and reassert our moral leadership on the global stage, to lead, as chris has so often heard me say, with the power of our example, not the example of our power.
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when chris and i served on the foreign relations committee, we excoriated the abuses elsewhere in the world and called for action overseas. but human rights, in some ways, stood apart from the domestic struggle of civil rights and civil liberties and equal justice here at home. today, we know that our efforts to defend human rights around the world are stronger because we recognize our own historic challenges as part of that same fight. leading by example means taking action at home to renew and defend our own democracy, to advance equity and promote justice, to defend the sacred right to vote in free, fair, and secure elections.
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leading by example means not pretending that our history has been perfect, but demonstrating how strong nations speak honestly about the past and uphold the truth and strive to improve. we make the best case for gender equality, racial justice and equity, religious freedom, the rights of the lgbtq+ peoples and other marginalized communities around the world by practicing what we preach. first 10 minutes i was in office i ended the muslim ban, advancing racial equity throughout the federal government, overturning the ban on transgender individuals serving openly in the united states military, establishing the white house gender policy council.
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demonstrating that our commitment to human rights begins at home is among the most powerful and persuasive tools in our foreign policy kit. and as we defend human rights beyond our shores, we're more effective when we work together, allies and partners in our shared values. america, as a nation, is unique in all history, not because we're inherently better, because the basis upon which we're organized. virtually every other nation is organized based on ethnicity, religion, geography, color. we're unique in all the world.
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we're based on one guiding principle, "we hold these truths to be self-evident that all men and women are created equal, endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." we have never lived up to it. we've never, until very recently, walked away from it. the arc has always bent closer and closer to justice and inclusion. the moment we stop, the moment we rest is the moment that our influence diminishes. so, we're reengaging multilaterally and rallying the world to advance universal human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to prove that democracies can still deliver in an age of fast-moving, cross-cutting challenges.
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we have rejoined the u.n, human rights council, which we walked away from, the united states of america, last time, didn't want to be part. i mean, just yesterday, we won an election to a new three-year term that begins in january on that committee. we had to fight to get back on it because the world wondered, "do we mean it still?" the united states of america, do we mean it? in december, i will host, the united states will host a virtual summit, a summit of democracies to bring together world leaders to make concrete commitments to defend democratic values and push back against advancing authoritarianism, not war, but important words. we can't return to a world where
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might is right and strong nations abuse weak or oppress individual rights with impunity. nuremberg forced us to look closely at the evil of humankind and what we're capable of perpetrating, to see mass atrocities, crimes against humanity do not happen by accident. they don't happen by accident. they result of choices, choices made by individual human beings and world leaders. and sadly, when we look around the world today, we cannot say that the specter of atrocity is behind us. we see today the patterns, the choices playing out around the world even as we speak, the oppression and use of forced labor of the uyghurs in xinjiang, the treatment of the rohingya by the military junta in burma,
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the rampant abuses, including the use of starvation and sexual violence, to terrorize civilian populations in northern ethiopia. whenever we hear that kind of poisonous hatred, wherever we see our fellow humans being dehumanized, it doesn't mean we go to war, but we must speak out. silence as my dad would remind me, silence is complicity. silence is complicity. that's what nuremberg said, your silence is complicity. i've raised these issues personally with leaders around the world, our friends and our adversaries alike, and i've made it clear that no u.s. president should stand by when human rights are under attack and
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main, and maintain their legitimacy. those who we are, that's who we are as americans. it's part of our dna. we've fought, we've marched, we've sacrificed to ensure that rights are not reserved to just the wealthy or the powerful. they're the god-given inheritance of every person on this planet by virtue of our shared humanity. as i said to a supreme court justice who i disagreed with in the hearing, we have a different, you think i have my rights because the constitution granted them to me. i possess my rights because i was born, and i gave up some of my rights in a constitution. that's the radical idea at the core of the founding of our nation, as i said, that all women and men are created equal, that we are all endowed by our creator with certain unalienable rights.
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and those rights don't flow from the power of the government, these rights exist for every individual. period. period. it is the job of the government to protect them and to uphold them equally for all people. we have never, as i said, fully lived up to that animating american ideal, but we've never turned our backs on it. and in all the years since our founding, that idea has been our nation's steady north star, drawing us back on course. that constant struggle to live up to our highest democratic principles, to self-correct, has made us a beacon of hope for the rest of the world. it's also made us strong, resilient, innovative, dynamic.
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as i said, and i'll repeat, i apologize, america is the only nation founded on an idea, the single-most powerful idea in human history. it sparked our revolution. it helped ignite the wave of change around the world that successive generations have built on, expanding our understanding and extending protections to an ever-wider circle. but we must never forget just how fragile the principle of universal human rights still is, how easily bruised, how often sacrificed in human battles for power and personal enrichment. in an age of increasing misinformation and disinformation, we must not grow complacent in our defense of the democratic values that have been the firm foundation for an era of peace and prosperity unprecedented, unprecedented in human history. attacks on truth are still the harbinger of tyranny. nothing
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about our democracy is assured, as i'm sure you've all begun to realize of late. nothing about our freedom is guaranteed. we have to work for it. in those letters from tom dodd to his dear wife, grace, reflecting his service at nuremberg, he wrote, "sometimes a man knows his duty so clearly, so surely, he cannot hesitate and he dare not refuse it." tom dodd lived a life with a clarity of purpose. he brought it to his service as u.s. senator, leading the floor fights, with the kennedys, on civil rights legislation in the 60's, advocating for gun safety, in a state that was a major gun manufacturer, legislation that was ahead of its time, fighting
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always for human rights and, and democracy against the forces of oppression and injustice. he passed that passion on to his children, and to his son, chris. chris forward -- carried forward his father's mantle in the united states senate. he used it to fight for all american children and families, passing the first child care act we've seen in this country since world war two, passing the family and medical leave act. chris railed against policies that militarized our relationships in latin america and argued to instead recognize and invest in the people of our hemisphere. he spoke out when he saw the legacy of justice that his father had fought for in nuremberg being wrapped in the excesses of a war on terror. and he helped to create this center, growing it over the years from an archival repository for the truth into a leading center for the study and promotion of human rights at
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home and abroad, into a widely respected academic institution, training the next generation of human rights defenders and passing the torch to those of you who will carry the fight on into the future and the for the truth. so, as we rededicate the dodd center for human rights to honor the legacies of both father and son, let's also dedicate it to the future of generations, to the students here in the audience today who will discover and defend human rights as the passion and purpose of our life. so, let us dedicate, we dedicate to expanding our shared understanding that we can never fully realize the freedom we wish for ourselves without also helping ensure that liberty and justice for everyone. and let's dedicate, let's dedicate it to the unending fight to bring our own nation, our own world closer to a future in which every human being is free to pursue the highest
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dreams and unleash their full potential. and for you students that are here, undergraduates at this great institution, there's no reason why you will not be doing what i'm doing as president of the united states, standing here, speaking to audiences now. i mean that from the bottom of my heart. i was taught, i came from very modest means, no horatio alger story, but very modest means, that you can be anything you set your mind to if you work at it. so many of you in this audience, especially on the second tier there, are the people that my grandchildren are going to be looking to. there's not a single reason why, not a single reason why we can't do this. not a single reason. as i've told every world leader that i've gotten to know, and i've met many, many of them, it's never been a good bet to
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bet against the american people. god bless you all, and may god protect our troops. thank you. [applause] ♪ >> on friday, the sale you have been waiting for starts friday at c-spanshop.org. sees spans online store. shop friday through sunday and save up to 30% on our latest collection of c-span hoodies, blankets, and more. there is something for every c-span fan for the holidays and every purchase supports our nonprofit organization. shop sees man's deals friday
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through sunday at c-span shop.org. >> c-span offers a variety of podcasts and has something for every listener. weekdays come up washington today gives you the latest from our nations capital and every week book notes plus has interviews with writers on their latest works. while we also have a series with extensive conversations with historians about their lives and works. many of our television programs are also available as podcasts. >> and now, to a conversation about the impact of hip-hop culture centering around a new smithsonian project documenting where than 40 years of hip-hop. joining the conversation is kevin young.

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