tv Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau on Climate Policies CSPAN November 23, 2021 2:35pm-3:46pm EST
it's not often i get applause lines like that. good afternoon. i'm mark green a a welcome toe woodrow wilson center. congress established the wilson center 50 plus years ago for the purpose, in their words, of strengthening the fruitful relation between the world of learning and the world of public affairs. while many centers deal in data information, congress asked us to go further and elevate scholarship and learning, and so our currency is knowledge. our focus is independent analysis, , and our purpose is crafting options and ideas that decision-makers can believe in. we are also the only washington think tank to research programs
dedicated to u.s. relations with each of our immediate neighbors. another reason that we are truly honored to host this discussion with prime minister of canada, justin trudeau. [applause] >> so our candidate institute director christopher santos are today, been running around like a crazy man. i can see he's calm. that's good. chris, thanks to you and your team for your leadership and showcasing the crucial importance of the u.s.-canada relationship. i would also like to thank two great canadian companies, ed metals and canadian national for being today and for their support of the wilson center's canada work. the prime minister is in town as widow to participate in the first north american leaders summit since 2016.
we are fortunate to have them joined as well by three leading members of his cabinet, deputy prime minister and finance minister chrystia freeland. welcome, minister. [applause] mary ng, the minister of international trade and export promotion. [applause] minister, it's great to have you here in person. earlier this year she participated in the first anniversary celebration of usmca working group, so it's great to see you actually face to face. good to have you here. it is also our pleasure to welcome marco mendicino who is canada's new minister of public safety. again, thanks to all of you for being here. [applause] i also want to thank ambassador david jacobsen for joining us
today and serving as our moderator. ambassador jacobsen is a of of the wilson center's presidential appointed board. he's advisor to the candidate institute and the former u.s. ambassador to canada. [applause] ladies and gentlemen, canada and the u.s. are in the vanguard of a new kind of international relationship. together, we are forging some of the world's most efficient supply chains. the u.s. faces a particularly troubling scenario when it comes to the supply chain for critical minerals. fortunately for the free world, canada is rich in several of these critical minerals. in 2020 our two great countries agree to a joint action plan on critical minerals collaboration to see that these resources are more effectively and more efficiently developed. the wilson center has established both the working group on critical mineral supply chains and a task force and
public health at the u.s.-canada border. this latter group aims to take stock of the economic, social and health impacts of border restrictions. it's examining how technology and data sharing in the adoption of the risk management paradigm could mitigate those costs while improving the effectiveness and security of our land, , sea and air borders. in 2020 nafta was replaced by the united states texico canada agreement, or usmca. the usmca liberalizes digital trade, strengthens intellectual-property protections and establishes more than 26 separate committees to coordinate implication of the agreement by all those involved. our usmca working group which includes government representatives and other stakeholders is closely tracking the implementation of usmca.
we're excited that president biden and prime minister trudeau have launched a roadmap to a renewed u.s.-canada partnership with commitments to work together on urgent challenges from rebuilding our infrastructure to fighting covid. through our unique candidate institute, wilson is closely following the progress of the roadmap and other important matters between our two great countries. we're looking forward to hearing more about these initiatives during today's discussion. with that, prime minister trudeau, welcome. and again, the floor is open to you for some comments, thank you. >> thank you very much, chris. thank you all for being here today. [applause] okay. [speaking french] i want to start with a couple of words on incident, on the situation unfolding in british colombia right now.
.. >> to talk about how people are doing in this trif errifically bad situation and we're working with them saving people and we ag resources. but also we will be there for the cleanup and rebuilding. it is going to be important that canadians continue to do what we do. it is also something that has impact south of the border.
they have been hit by the reins. but we are looking at maintaining supply chains and people are diverting to the u.s. we are working closely with our partners to make sure that things work well. people are there for each other in difficult times. as we look to the challenges we are facing in the future, three things come to mind -- ending covid, building strong, resilient economies, and fighting climate change. those are three things i look forward to speaking with. on entering hobart, canada and the u.s. have been working together, not just on partnerships and research, on supply chains that continue to
flow across the border. we were able to keep things going in a way that supports people on both sides of the border. we have also been working on getting vaccines to the world and making sure that this crisis is seen in the best possible way. we are also working together on rebuilding post-covid. that means getting supply chains back up and running after having pause out economies for significant periods of time, after seeing significant disruptions as we stand up for workers and create utter prosperity, as we recover from this pandemic and as we look to defend our democracies, our values in a world that has been significantly disrupted. went of the things that
continues to disrupt is climate change. i was pleased to be in glascow, positioning canada as a significant leader against climate change. the u.s. leadership over these past 10 months has been extraordinarily important for the world. canada has moved forward with putting the price on pollution. we won two elections with it. it can be done as we move towards transforming energy. we are also putting a cap on our oil and gas industry. we will be reducing emissions. these are things we need to be doing at home but also around the world. we are going to continue working on this. [speaking french]
because we do better things when we are all working together. that is what canada-u.s. relations have been all about. merci beaucoup. >> thank you, prime and astir. -- prime minister. yang and minister. welcome to the wilson center and two important days for the united states, canada and mexico and welcome to you. when i look out at all of these young people and people who are excited about foreign affairs and international relations, it just gives me so much hope and
we are expecting lots of good questions from you, and the procedure is going to be there are microphones on both sides of the aisle when you get up and get in line and i'll start with a couple while everyone gets organized. >>. >> i want to start with a general one, prime minister. and that is that the relationship between canada, mexico and the united states is critical to all of us. but many people are surprised to learn about the extent of the relationship, and, you know, there are about $2 million worth of goods and services that cross our two borders, north and south border every minute. the united states trades more with its two neighbors than it does with the eu and the u.k. combined, almost twice as much
as our trade with china. it is by -- the united states is by far the largest trading partner with both canada and mexico and the estimates, and they range probably from 12 million i've heard up to 18 million jobs that are dependent on the trade between our two countries. and with the importance of that relationship in mind, how do you plan to use your meetings with the president and with president lopez obrador to make it. >> and in canada, $2 billion every single day in goods and services crossing the border with the united states and when the pandemic hit, for example,
one of our big priorities was of course keeping people safe and part of keeping people safe is assuring that the flow of goods and services and quite frankly, consumer goods and everything you imagined continued despite the fact that we were shutting down the border and that's where the cooperation and integration of our economies made for extremely, you know, good working alignment that was able to continue to have things go, even in an unprecedented event because we have such deep connections in supply chains, in reliance, in partnerships. i mean, one of the issues that i pointed out when we were looking at possible disruptions of medical supplies coming from the united states to canada, was there are thousands of nurses and doctors across canada that go down to work in hospitals and health centers in the united states it's a two-way street that we do well
when we're working together. and i think the emphasis that we're going to have in this, in these meetings today isn't just that, oh, it's in canada's interest to continue the smooth flow of goods and services across our border, it's also very much in the united states' interest, the jobs that are created and maintained because of integrated supply chains across our border in everything from autos to high level manufacturing, to goods and services, to natural resources and energy and everything that flow back and forth with this reliable relationship and friendship that's lasted for years. it is in our mutual interest to ensure that that continues not just to go as it did, but at a time when supply chains are disrupted around the world. where people are rethinking, well, where are we getting things from and what happens if there are breakdowns either
political or geographic or, you know, climate related. how do we ensure resilience in our supply chains? well, to go back to the critical minerals example, the u.s. could do worse than rely on its closest friend, its oldest friend, its most reliable friend for ensuring that we're able to be strong and resilient in the north american context in an unstable world. >> now, you mentioned critical minerals and i have been struck as i've thought about that of-- it's not a problem, but an incredible opportunity for both of us. they exist in the ground in both countries. there's a need to be able to refeen-- refine them in both countries. is this something you'll talk to president biden about? >> it's a conversation we started two or three years ago,
so much of our new technologies, batteries for electric vehicles or ingredients in high-tech manufacturing processes rely on a certain number of critical and rare earth minerals. there are 13 critical minerals that have been identified for various manufacturing processes that canada has, that the u.s. doesn't have nearly as much of, and that we are happy to provide in a reliable, reliable trade as a reliable source for the kind of growth that we have. right now many of those critical minerals have been cornered by, you know, certain parts of the world that are somewhat less reliable these days in how they are willing and able to rely, to provide reliable supply chains to the united states, to the western world. and recognizing that, yes, as
we develop critical mineral capacity for things like lithium and cobalt and nickel and other things that are so essential in technologies of the present and the future, we can't compete with some countries when it comes to, you know, low cost production because they don't care about environmental standards or because they don't have the same labor standards and requirements that we have. it's going to be more expensive to mine those and process them in canada than it would be in some other countries. but that's a trade-off that i think people are waking up to, particularly post pandemic is probably more than worth it, if we can have reliable sources from, you know, best friends like canada and australia, in minerals that are so necessary for the future of our economies and that's sort of the approach that we're taking on this, that we're going to need to draw in global investment and secure
partnerships to do this, but there's an opportunity here to create the kind of resilience in our essential supply chains that the pandemic has shown us aren't necessarily the case right now. >> you know, i said on critical minerals once, if you liked the arab embargo in the '70s you'd love if we don't invest this critical minerals. >> and i want to encourage you with your questions having gotten up to the microphones. while you're doing that, one of the values that i note you and president biden share is in creating lots of good middle class jobs and in economic fairness and how are you going to use and what can you do with the united states and with the mexico in order to foster that
and what are you guys going to be talking about over the next couple of days? >> well, a great example of that is understanding that labor standards, that environmental standards, that, you know, emissions, control and the way we do things are going to be an essential part of how we move forward and making sure that we're not competing in a race to the bottom amongst friends, that we're reflecting the same kinds of high expectations for good jobs, well-paying careers, even as our world transforms, is something that we should be leaning in on and that's certainly something that our finance minister freeland has been leaning in on very directly so i'd love to turn it over for you on reflections how we move forward on the economy that works for both of us and for our citizens. >> well, thank you very much, prime minister and i'll just mention three quick points. you know, the prime minister started by talking about how
avoiding a race to the bottom is how we can together support our middle classes. and a great example of that is the oecd tax deal that puts a floor on corporate taxation and that's something that canada and the united states, and many of our other allies worked really, really hard on, and that's going to be really transformative of how global capitalism works and it's going to help all of us in our own countries do something that canada very much believes in, which is having policies that support inclusive growth and support the middle class. the prime minister mentioned labor, and support for working people, and that's something that the prime minister, you know, it's one of the reasons the prime minister was elected in 2015 is he was really the first leader to bring that focus on the middle class to the center of canadian politics and in our new nafta trade
agreement, the labor standards are novel and very important and that's something that we really look forward to reinforcing in our conversations with the biden administration. and then i'll say just one final thing, which is something that each country can do at home and definitely a value that canada shares with the u.s. and that is that we really believe in child care as a great way to support middle class families to, to support affordability for middle class families and help resolve the labor shortage which is an issue in both of our economies and actually the prime minister and i were together in edmonton on monday where the prime minister announced a 9th deal with a canadian province and territory. we now have early learning and child care deals that cover 60% of children in canada, within five years, daycare in canada
will be $10 a day. and for us, that's a very, very powerful economic policy. we know it's something that the biden administration is focused on, too, and i think we look forward to kind of sharing experiences there. >> sounds good. all right, let's go to the audience and i'm going to try and alternate sides here. i'm not sure we'll get to everybody's, but this gentleman over here. >> thank you. so i want to start off by saying it's an absolute honor to be in front of you, prime minister, and i'm a big fan of many things that you accomplished and stand for as well. to are my question when it comes to the u.s. and canada are dealing with the ongoing climate crisis in what ways can both countries improve? and do you think personally are we doing enough? if no, i also would like to if ask why aren't we doing enough? >> well, first of all, there's always more to do and we have to be extremely ambitious and not just ambitious on our way
to cop. we had to be ambitious on our way out of cop and how we approach next year and one of the key things is to scale up our ambition to meet the scale of the challenge we're facing is not something we're ever going to finish doing, we have to keep doing it, but we have to position it in ways that bring citizens and communities and our economy along and that's where one of the things that we did, when i first got elected in 2015, was we brought in a broad-based price on pollution in our country. it's no longer free to pollute anywhere in canada and there have been a lot of talks about carbon tax and carbon pricing and some countries move forward with a little bit, but we have a price on pollution that's going to rise to $170 a ton by 2030 which makes it one of the strongest and broad-based prices in the world. and the way we did it is we're actually returning more money
to the average family than it costs them on average for the carbon price, so it's a way of actually bringing in a price on pollution that if people don't change their behaviors they end up slightly better off, if they actually change their behaviors to buy a more fuel efficient car or fix their windows or fix their furnace, they save more money because the money we return to them is larger amount. that was the trick around carbon pricing that allowed us to bring in something that yes, the conservatives in canada fought us all the way to the supreme court, saying that we couldn't do this, but we ended up not just winning in the supreme court. we won two elections where the votes were strongly for our party and other parties that supported carbon pricing and that's sort of a settled question in canada now. now the challenge is to bring in carbon pricing around the world. because it's not fair that canadian industries, for
example, are producing, to take an example, some of the cleanest aluminum in the world, that our are competing against people using coal fired plants for energy aluminum and can offer a lower price for their aluminum than we can even though we're protecting the planet with ours. we have to look at making sure we're working on the same competitive playing field and part of that is the conversations i've been having with conversations with eem ift, world bank. wto and european union how we move forward with minimum standard on pricing pollution around the world. i think it's the next best step to make sure that it's fair and we're rewarding those companies, those consumers, those countries that are doing the right thing on reducing pollution and pricing it so that it doesn't happen as much. >> thank you, mr. prime
minister. let's go over here. >> thank you so much for your comments so far, mr. prime minister, it's great to be here. my question has to do with a central component with the north american economies the auto industry and i believe you've touched on that with comments on critical minerals. wondering what do you think the united states, mexico and canada should do so that north american automakers aren't held back by semiconductor shortages in asia. thank you. >> that's a great question and one of the things that we've been looking at as i've said earlier, we have reserves of lithium, of cobalt, of nickel, many of the critical materials necessary in the production of batteries for electric vehicles and we are developing those battery supply chains in canada because we know that that's going to be a key path forward. we have put forward a very ambitious plan that aligns with
the united states making sure all new vehicles, bought and sold in the united states-- in canada by 2035 are zero emission vehicles with half of all the vehicles, 50% of them in 2030. so we're moving aggressively towards that. we've already seen significant investments by automakers in electric vehicle production in canada. the auto market, the auto manufacturing market in canada and the united states and mexico is extraordinarily well integrated, has been for 50 years since the auto pact was signed and it is both more efficient for production in canada and the united states, it makes more competitive around the world, and it creates great jobs right across the continent. when we signed the uscma we ensured that not only are we protecting those jobs well into the future, we're also demanding a higher level of wages that it's going to bring up the wage standards in mexico
and allow them to flourish as part of this. so this is all the exciting things. we are a little bit concerned about the zero emission vehicle mandates or rebates brought forward by the current proposal in congress right now, that could have a real negative impact on the auto path, but that's part of the conversations we're going to have today to make sure that people understand that doing this together is good for all of us, good for the jobs, good for the future as we fight climate change and as we build prosperity in north america. >> thank you. >> all right. back over here. >> good afternoon, mr. prime minister. my name is mayor ana, i'm a master of public candidate at american university i identify as a north american born in mexico, raised in the u.s. and having the pleasure to work on north american relation portfolio. my question to you is the
inclusion of chapter 24 in uscma recording the environment. further links trade to the environment. with that, how do you see the energy transition in canada? >> well, canada is a major oil and gas producing company -- country. it is something that has always been part of our makeup as a country. we are a country of vast spaces of great natural resources and energy resources. but we recognize that the world needs to hit net zero. that canada needs to hit net zero by 2050, that we have to transform our energy. we are innovating around transforming the way we produce energy, we're decarbonizing the processes now. we've committed to capping emissions on oil and gas production in our country. and reducing it to hit that net zero. and that's also the attitude we
brought forward when we negotiated the renewed usmca. but the person who was so involved daily in negotiating is beside me so we'll turn to further thoughts on usmca and energy and the environment. >> prime minister, as is often the case you've really said it all. the only thing i'd add, it sounds like an area of interest of yours, canada is a trading nation. we believe in free trade. we think it makes everyone richer. but i think people's ideas of trade that works have changed and canada certainly recognizes we need high quality, fair trade. so we need trade agreements that support high paying union jobs in canada and in our trading partners. that's a value we share with the u.s. we need trading agreements that
do not create a race to the bottom on the environment, but quite the contrary, create and support a race to the top. we need, you know, and i think this is an area where we'll have more and more conversations, the prime minister has been pioneering in setting a price on pollution in canada. he was sort of gentle about the process in canada, but he bears a lot of scars. it was a real fight and one of the things that canada's going to be focused on and i think the whole world will be is countries that have established that are going to have to figure out how to create a global environment that doesn't punish you for putting a price on pollution, but that creates a level playing field and that's something that we've had great conversations with the u.s. on, with the eu on, i think we're going to have to really step up there. >> thank you. >> all right. over here.
>> hi, mr. prime minister. thank you so much for joining us this afternoon, it's greatly appreciated. what has been spoken on this afternoon has been canada's vast natural resource, many of which lie in territories claimed by indigenous people and households representative a third of the prison population. what is the canadian government doing to address the historic and continuing injustices against the indigenous population and what to address that if it's canada's resources. >> thank you for the question, not enough outside of canada's border, and how countries treat and partner with indigenous people is of deep, deep importance to me. you know, the idea that people make of canada is as you know, a nice place, a fair place, a
reasonable place, a polite place, all of those stereotypes are things that canadians take pride in, too, as well, but it's become increasingly obvious over the past years and decade that we were falling down and that we had, you know, not lived up to the idea we like to make of canada in terms of our relation was indigenous. people. yes, health and socioeconomic outcomes are way worse for indigenous people and there's a deep, deep unfairness in the way canada functions that we have been extremely serious about transforming over the past six years and that involves everything from making sure, as we have, that there is parity, that kids in indigenous communities get just as much invested in them as nonindigenous kids get in terms of schooling, that we're investing in health care, that we're investing in economic partnerships, that we're
investing in ending the boil water advisories that are in too many of the countries, and people that lived off the land can no longer drink the water that flows past their homes. these are the kinds of that we have been very, very serious tackling in every way which is why we signed on to the u.n. declaration rights of indigenous people. why we are moving forward on historic not just apologies, but compensations for wrongs done. and one of the key things for much of the 20th century, residential schools were established as a way of trying to assimilate indigenous peoples, remove their languages, remove their cultures, their traditions and what it ended up doing is just causing intergenerational devastation, loss of identity, loss of culture, loss of hope for so many people that thanks
to the strength and resilience of elders and community leaders they were able to hang onto and now we need to continue to invest, to support, to move forward in a way that recognizes that path. one of the current challenges we're facing is, you talked about the prison population, but in terms of foster children, foster care, the percentages of indigenous kids removed from their communities from situations at risk and taken from their language and cultures and therefore have terrible outcomes and suffered abuse currently are things we have to fix. we just signed some of the first agreements that return kids at risk to the care of their communities, that will allow kids who are growing up in vulnerable situations to be cared for in their language, in their culture by giving resources and finances to indigenous leaders in communities to be able to do that, but there's an awful lot of work to do. the pace of change is too slow, too slow for us, too slow for
indigenous peoples, but it has to be done in partnership with respect that takes longer, but we're very much focused on fixing the broken relationships that canada has had with indigenous peoples and we're making progress, but there's lots, lots more to do, but we're committed to doing it. thank you very very much for allowing me to share that. >> thank you. >> all right. i think we're back on star board. >> thank you, prime minister and thank you for taking our questions. i wondered the climate summit ended about two weeks ago. it was announced or reported today that the biden administration is planning selling 80 million acres of the gulf of mexico for off sea oil drilling. i was wondering if you believe it's hypocritical of the biden administration to make this move when the united states considers itself a global leader on climate change? >> i think that every country has its challenges, as i said
we're a major oil and gas producer in our country and we're going to continue to produce oil and gas for the coming years, while the world continues to rely on it and we have to figure out how to decarbonize that and ensure we're continuing with good jobs for families, good careers, as we lean on those experts in the energy industry in alberta, saskatchewan and newfoundland and we have the energy and transforming mix. it's hard for canada to do, but something that canadians have spoken up clearly in elections and public opinions that they expect and we're doing. and when i took office in 2015 i took over from a conservative government that didn't do much on the federal level against climate change and we had to make up for loss time and we were able to do it and we leaned heavily on provinces,
phasing out coal and we leaned heavily on municipalities that did some of that, too. and it's not easy and i think that everyone needs to push hard to figure out the right ways to suit their economy and protect their citizens and their careers for the future so i'm not going to weigh in on what the u.s. is and isn't doing. i'm going to say it's hard, but it's absolutely necessary and people need to walk the talk on the fight against climate change. and one of the best ways to do that is to actually bring in a price on pollution because that's a simple market mechanism that rewards innovators and companies that do the right things in their shifts, and rewards citizens for making the choices that are smart around that. >> thank you. >> all right. over here, prime minister trudeau, before i begin i want to say that your game is on
fire and seen it and it's amazing. >> that's are my mcgill socks. >> and my son went to mcgill. >> we've seen china rise as a global power. they're the only country with a diplomatic and power that could pose a challenge to the current international system. now we all know about china's fake covid statistics and the uyghur genocide and tensions in trade with china. who will you liberal party count are aggressive and coersive action and push back on china's intellectual property rights and global governments? >> very clear question. >> part of what you started with is china is a-- in french we say
[speaking french] it's a strong player in the international community that we have to deal with and there are things that we need to directly contest china on, whether it's human rights, or whether it's democracy, whether it's a range ever things. there are things that we need to compete with china on whether it's economic or trade issues. and there are areas in which we're going to have to try to find ways to work on together like on climate. but the key is going to be that we need to work together as like-minded nations on this issue, that no single country, not even the united states with all its importance and economic strength and might, is able on its own to counter the-- some of the behaviors and the engagements that china has and
when we work together as western democracy, we get things down. one of the key examples for canadians is for almost three years, we have two canadian citizens arbitrarily detained by china in direct retaliation for us, fulfilling our obligations under a long-established extradition treaty with our closest friend and neighbor, the united states. we fulfilled our terms of an international treaty and china came down on us, and arbitrarily arrested two canadian citizens and detained them in very difficult conditions for about three years. and what happened through those three years, first of all, we've worked very closely with the united states for whom we were, you know, doing the important role of fulfilling our extradition treaty to try and solve this, but countries around the world, allied
countries and countries you wouldn't expect, actually made a point of when they sat down with chinese leadership pointing out, oh, yeah, and we're worried about those two canadians you have arrested. and the reaction of the chinese interlock tours were upset, but the world stood together and highlighted this is an important principle of standing against coersive diplomacy that we're united on. partly that pressure and partly the united states were able to return those two to canada, but it's an example of the fact that we need to be aligned, we need to be working together, whether it's on critical minerals or whether it's understanding that we can't be necessarily just competing with each other, you know, trying to
argue with, you know, trying to get better access for our agricultural goods or pork to the chinese market and compete against some of our fellow countries in a way had a divides us. we have to be much more aligned, concerted and strategic about making sure we're standing up for our interests and our values in a way that is unignorable, even for a country the size and scale of china. >> thank you. over here and i apologize, looking at the length of the lines many a he sure-- i'm sure we could be here until friday, i think time for one more. >> two more, two more. >> go ahead. >> thank you, mr. prime minister, it's an honor to be here today as a george mason
undergraduate student of international relations. and one of the things you hear a lot about if you study international relation ins this country is what we call the pivot to asia, that emphasis, change in emphasis by the biden administration to come degree the trump administration is focusing on asia and one of the things you talk a lot about, you talked about today is usmca. but given the pivot to asia, is it something that you're going to be discussing with president biden that maybe the u.s. and canada should be trading more with east asia and maybe even walk back in the trans pacific partnership? >> first of all, canada is a signatory to the trans-pacific partnership and we moved through it and the only g7 country with a free trade deal with every other g7 country. canada has free trade access to two-thirds of the global economy and we did that at a
time with real concerns around globalization and trade because we were putting environmental standards, labor standards and high expectations on those trade deals, including on the renamed comprehensive and progressive trans-pacific partnership. so, we are doing it and quite frankly, just last night, we got another piece of good news on that, that i will turn over to our minister of international trade and small business to talk about. >> well, thank you so very much, prime minister. and last evening i was meeting with the ministers in the region and we have agreed to proceed with a free trade agreement with that region and building on the ctppp to create better access to canadian, and on small businesses and international trade. why is that important for trade agreements, particularly for those that we just decided to
work on? it's in addition to provisions for high standards on the environment and labor and chapters to provide greater access to smaller and medium sized businesses and also for women and gender and those businesses represented by typically underrepresented businesses because they're small. so this is very much an opportunity to grow our economy and what are we really talking about? it's the third largest consumer market in the world in addition to the two-thirds access right now through the many free trade agreements that canada has, it's building out another 600 million customers in that region. as a pacific nation it's important for us to pursue the opportunities and for us, it's
about people, it's about exporters and it's about being able to create opportunities for them to grow and i can't think of a more important time than right now as we are building out of covid-19 and recovering our economies. and this is an area where we absolutely are very, very sympatico with the united states on. >> it's going beyond japan and south korea, it's countries like indonesia, singapore, and southeast asian nations for people following along at home. >> thank you, last one over here and i apologize to all-- no, no, we've got more time, two more on. >> keep going. >> a longer introduction than there should have been. >> stay in line, don't go anywhere. >> thank you, mr. prime minister. >> the anti-asian hate crimes have risen rapidly in both
united states and canada during covid-19. what steps do you intend to take and the solutions your administration can propose in order to further tackle this issue. >> with he will-- well, first of all, canada is like the united states, that's grown from immigration. we're an extraordinarily diverse country that figured out that diversity and is strengths and resilience inside of fault lines in our country and canada one of our biggest political challenges, canadians tell us no, no, you need to bring in more immigrants, more people to canada because they create jobs, because they create prosperity for us and that's something that we do and i want to turn to marco who is minister of public safety and minister of immigration to say a few words on this, we need to make sure it's not just about bringing people in, it's about
integrating them and empowering them and respecting them and creating communities that themselves stand up for each other and embrace diversity and what we've seen in terms of the rise of intolerance and hatred anti-asian racism during this pandemic, anti-semitism, is islamophobia, and the pandemic had as exacerbated it with the mental health issues and tensions and anxieties that people are feeling. we've seen polarizations and challenges over the past years in our communities that canada is not immune to. we've had to crack down on right wing organizations as terrorist organizations and making sure that we're giving voice to the vast amount of canadians who are decent and open and stand against
intolerance in concrete ways. and marco, as former minister of immigration you have to say about this. >> there are two concepts you touched on. one is the reality that we're seeing more hate and racism in a variety of forms, both in person, in schools, on campuses, in the workplace, in our communities, and increasingly on-line. and that's something that our government is very much grasped with as we've come up with a framework to work with big tech and corporate citizens to root out the content which we know represents clear and present danger to those simply by virtue of who they are. but i will say on the immigration front, which was something that i had the honor of shepherding for the last two years, i'm very proud of the fact that this year we're going to land 401,000 new permanent residents in canada, which is a little more than 1% of our
total domestic population, now, why is that important? because of the labor shortages that we're experiencing. and this is an area of real strategic collaboration, i think, with the united states at the border and something that we hope to address. i will also say in conclusion that human rights and what we're seeing in afghanistan right now, and canada's role in extracting those who were targeted by the taliban, is something that we're very proud that we did in conjunction with the united states. secretary blinken, secretary mayorkas, the biden administration worked close with us to help many afghans to supported the canadian mission during the years that we were there to try to build a brighter future for afghans and now those afghans who we've been able to repatriate to canada will have the chance at a better life and i think all of this is good in addressing the greats diversity that we're
proud of. so, i think it's a fantastic question and thank you for posting it. >> thank you. >> all right. the bar has been set high. over here. >> with that, prime minister thank you for the extra time, first of all. but also thank you to the entire-- thank you to the entire delegation coming, it's encouraging this will be a working summit and deep into the issues and feeling positive about that. i'm with walmart and want today come back to sustainability. canada was well-represented at cop and wondered if you could reflect how to work or private sector can be part of the solution to the aspiration around post glasgow and going into the summit i wanted to ask do you think there have be a friction in canada's victory over mexico in the qualifying match? >> it's rare that canada has the weather, but the snow on
the pitch and the canadians over mexico for the first time in history was a vee nice thing. i hope, you know, president lopez obrador will for give me for that. >> timing is everything. >> it was a great victory. listen, the private sector has an essential role to play in the fight against climate change and in the transformation of our economy in very, very meaningful ways. yes, governments can put forward billions, even hundreds of bills to fight against climate change, but private money can put forward and businesses can put forward trillions and tens of trillions of dollars towards the transformation of our economy towards the updating of our supply chains, towards getting us moving in the right direction. the forces that we can draw on as consumers and the choices that we make, as leaders, as employers, all of these things
need to be working together if we're going to meet the challenge we have. and that's certainly something that we're have very much looking at and working on, and i know, because they say you've been working on this directly as well. >> yeah, i mean, the only thing i would add there is, you know, we very much believe and understand that the government has the responsibility to set the framework. the prime minister has opinion very clear on our price on pollution, rising in 2030 and we know that we have to make some government investments in this transition, this is the biggest change in our industrialized economy. our global industrialized economy. since the industrial revolution itself. we should not underestimate any of us the scale of the transformation and we're investing. our government has invested
$100 billion in the climate transition since we first stormed government, but we know that the our government, no government in the world is going to do it alone, and what do we need business to do? we need you guys to push really, really hard to net zero as fast as you can, to push with your suppliers, to push in the work you do, in the-- how you transport your goods, and then we need the financial sector to really get behind significantly investing in the green transition, and that's something that the prime minister and you know, with the team, that the prime minister really lead at glasgow in terms of really encouraging global finance and canadian investors to move aggressively into that space. >> all right. we're going to go back over here and this is the last one.
so you've got the floor. >> yeah, good afternoon, prime minister. i'm a final year student at george washington university studying international affairs, gender studies and public health and also an intern with the wilson center's maternal health initiative and the thing that i wanted to ask that we really talked about impacts indigenous communities with climate change, but i think it's really important to turn our eyes to the global south and since climate change disproportionally affects those communities especially with communities facing environmental injustices in palestine, i think i was curious to see what canada can do in terms of, you know, finding and helping and supporting minority communities such as in palestine facing environmental apartheid and injustice and want to see what the canadian government has done so far to help these countries that do not have the resources that canada and the
u.s. has, thank you. >> one of the fundamental realities and unfairnesses of climate change is the countries least responsible and the people least responsible for contributing to it over the past number of decades are the ones who are most sensitive and most devastated by the impacts of climate change, whether it's extreme weather events. whether it's heat waves or droughts or what have you. there are, you know, there's so much more vulnerability than the small island developing states that are faced with rising sea levels and increased storms without the means to actually pay for it or manage through it and defend against it, the way wealthier countries have. so at the same time as we do that, the developed world is quite rightly saying, oh, my
god, the science is clear, we have to reduce our carbon emissions. we have to stop burning coal around the world and transform our energy mixes and change the way we do things and the developing world, the emerging markets, whether it's india, or others or much smaller countries around the world are saying, yeah, we can't afford to run power country off of solar power and batteries. we need these coal plants, we need these diesel plants, we need to have energy to be able to create jobs and prosecutor parrots and stability and security for our citizensment you can't tell us that we can't open coal plants because you opened too many in the 20th century and spoiled it for the rest of us. so the developed world has a direct and essential
responsibility to fund the energy transition in places around the world that can't otherwise afford it. so that we can fight climate change, at the paris climate conference, there was a commitment made around 100 billion a year in climate financing for emerging markets in the developing world. we haven't yet hit that 100 billion dollar target yet, but in the approach to glasgow, canada and germany and a couple of other countries have been pushing really, really hard and we're now finally going to hit that $100 billion mark i think in the beginning of 2023. that $100 billion a year will flow for climate financing to help countries not open new power plants and this is something that we've been working on. even though we didn't hit it, i saw the number, i think there's about 70 different coal powered
plants that would have opened up over the past year that didn't around the world because of investments made by the global north. but there's an awful lot more to do and understanding, as the pandemic has shown us how connected we are and how we need to respond immediately and everywhere to a crisis, the climate change crisis, which is slightly slower moving, but even more dire than the pandemic has been, requires us collectively to step up and lead beyond our own narrow interests and understand that the choices we make as individual consumers, as voters, as communities, as countries, will determine what this planet looks like in 2050 and whether our kids and our
kids' kids, not just have, you know, clean air and fresh water and the kind of quality of life we expect, but also, have the kinds of good jobs and careers that they have every right to expect. we need to step up and stop thinking that, you know, what matters is just what we do narrowly. of course it does. it matters what we do, but it also matters what we allow and enable other countries to do to leapfrog over the mistakes that we made to get to that better future. and that's the collective responsibility of leadership on climate change that i'm so pleased to be seeing from president biden and ambassador and secretary kerry and others, but there's a lot more work to do with like-minded countries around the world and all of us are part of doing it. >> prime minister, before we wrap up, do you have any closing thoughts for the folks out there?
>> just what a real pleasure it is to be here with all of you. thank you for taking time to gather here today to listen to us, to show an interest in global relations in the canada-u.s. relationship in the future that we are building together. if there is anything that has become increasingly clear over the past year and a half, it's how small the world has gotten and how interconnected we are, and how the kinds of thinking that brought us to this point are going to need to be replaced with a different kind of thinking, thinking more long-term, thinking broader about the impacts on the other side of the world, the choices we make, not just around climate change, not just around health outcomes, but around economic prosperity, around human rights, how the world is so interconnected that we all have a role to play. the challenge for americans
specifically is you've got so much going on at home, it's easy for you not to be looking around the world. canada has the advantage of being small enough that we're always looking across the border at what you guys are doing, but also around the world as well, and the more we can all, as individuals in, you know, fortunate democracies like canada and the united states, the more we can think about the impact and therefore, the responsibility we have for the world, the better off our kids and our kids' kids and future generations will be by shifting our thinking to a way that will really make a difference for the future. that's what canada's doing, know the easily not without its own challenges at home, but that's what we need to keep doing as a world and what we will do alongside this amazing team and this great cabinet that we have working hard on it back home.
[applause] >> thank you very much, prime minister. ministers, thanks all of you for joining us, and it's a great day. [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] announcer: american history tv saturday on c-span 2, people and events that tell the american story. at 11:00 a.m. eastern, washington university in st. louis explores how the pilgrims became part of the united states
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