tv White House COVID-19 Response Team Holds Briefing CSPAN November 23, 2021 12:40am-1:13am EST
father of us all, the case for trump, and his latest, the dying citizen. he says the ideals associated with it dying. join us sunday, december 5 at noon eastern on in-depth, on book tv. and before the program, visit c-span shop.org to get your copy of the book. >> the white house covid-19 response team. gave vent -- a response to the president's mandate. >> today we will focus on booster shots. we'll start with the doctors and then i will provide an update. >> good afternoon.
as always, i would like to start by walking you through the day. this is an 18% increase from last week's seven-day daily case average. the seven day average of hospital admissions is about 5600 per day. about a 6% increase from the prior seven-day average. and the seven day average daily deaths are about 1000 pretty. -- 1000 per day. i want to talk about the critical steps that we took last week in our country's vaccine booster program. i want to share with you what fridays regulatory action by fda and updated recommendations from cdc means for millions of americans. last friday, following cdc's advisory committee on immunization practices' unanimous votes, i fully endorse the committee's expanded recommendations for booster shots to include all adults ages
18 years and older, who received a pfizer biontech or moderna vaccine at least six months after their second dose. that means everyone over 18 years of age is eligible to get boosters. so, if you are 18 years of age and older, i encourage you to go get a booster. these updated recommendations and the data critically reviewed by the advisory committee emphasize an additional point -- it is especially important for older populations, who may be more vulnerable to severe disease, and individuals with underlying medical conditions, to get posted now. -- boosted now. i know individuals may have questions about these new recommendations, and i want to help answer them. first, let's talk about why this recommendation was made now. cdc is continuously monitoring the state of the pandemic and our current surveillance shows a rise in cases over the past few weeks.
heading into the winter months, when respiratory viruses are more likely to spread, and with plans for increased holiday season travel and gathering, boosting people boosts overall protection against cover 19 disease and death, it was important to do now -- against covid-19 disease and death was important to do now. the data on vaccine effectiveness over time and the safety profile of booster shots of over 30 million americans who have already received an additional vaccine dose. the safety data shows a serious adverse event after a booster dose is rare and people have fewer reactions after their third dose than after their second dose. reactions that did occur included the previously seen sore arms, headaches, and joint aches. this latest cdc action underscores that booster shots are an important public health tool to strengthen our defenses against a virus.
-- the virus. while the actions of the fda and cdc represent an important step forward in the vaccination program, we are not losing sight of the goal to vaccinate all core eligible with the primary vaccine series. 47 million legible american adults and more than 12 million teens are still not fully vaccinated and remain at highest risk of disease. data updated and posted today on cdc's covid data tracker continues to show that unvaccinated people are six times more likely to test positive for covid-19 than vaccinated individuals. and most tragic are the vaccine preventable deaths we are still seeing from this disease. even in our updated data, unvaccinated people are at 14 times greater risk of dying from covid-19 than people who are vaccinated. in this updated figure on covid data tracker, the blue line
shows rates of hospitalization among the unvaccinated, and the greenline among the vaccinated, through september 26th. the down taken hospitalizations of the blue line is because of decreasing case rates toward the end of september and the slip -- the uptick in the greenline is the winning immunity for which we are recommending boosters. still overall, when looking at hospitalization rates, unvaccinated adults had nine times higher rate of hospitalizations than vaccinated adults. infectious among the unvaccinated continue to drive this pandemic, hospitalizations, and deaths. tragically, at a time when we have vaccines that can provide incredible protection. as we approach the thanksgiving holiday, i want to take a moment to reflect on where we are your -- where we were a year ago. i remember waiting in great anticipation for the life-saving
vaccines we currently have at our fingertipss. -- our fingertips. last year, many families did not gather and celebrations went without grandparents, parents, aunts and uncles, and cousins. this year, i'm more optimistic. i've heard from many families who are now able to reunite because of the protection from covid-19 vaccines. there is certainly much to be thing for for this year. for me and my family, we will reflect on how deeply thankful we are that we can safely be together. if you or your family members are not vaccinated yet, please consider the benefits of vaccination. roll up your sleeves and get protected or boosted, especially if you will be around those who are at higher risk, for children under the age of five, who are not yet eligible for vaccination. thank you. i will now turn things over to dr. fauci. dr. fauci: thank you very much, dr. walensky. if i can have the first slide.
the subject matter of this briefing are booster shots. before i start talking about boosters, let me read area something -- reiterate something that dr. wilensky just said. if you have not yet been vaccinated, get vaccinated. we know now from overwhelming data vaccines prevent infections, hospitalizations, and save lives. now we ask the question -- do we need boosters? next slide. as shown on this slide, it is clear now from a number of studies, including this from the u.s. veterans a study, published in science, just a couple of weeks ago, if you will look at the left-hand part of the slide and go from march to september, and take a look at winning immunity against infection, with the johnson & johnson, moderna, and pfizer biontech, as you go
from month-to-month, the immunity clearly wanes. the effectiveness overall against infection declines from 87.9% to 48.1%, as well as the vaccine against the vaccine efficacy against death -- as well as the vaccine efficacy against death. so we know we need booster's. but do they work? next slide. i'm going to go through a few studies from different places. this is an is really study -- an israeli study looking at individuals that after their second dose compared to their third dose. and 12 days or more after a booster dose of a pfizer biontech, they had a diminution in the risk of infection of 11.3 fold difference -- at a rate of severe illness lowered by a factor of almost 20.
next slide. this slide makes a little bit more graphic -- makes it a little bit more graphic. these boxes show what the effect is on hospitalization. severe in the middle. death on the right. this is referred to as a kaplan- meyer curve. it is easy to see what the data are. the red line is showing the cumulative incidents after two doses. the greenish line shows what that cumulative incident is after three doses. there is no doubt what the efficacy and real-world effectiveness of boosters are here. next slide. it is not only related to israel. because the study from the u.k. in people 50 years of age and older, when they compared a third shot to those who received the second shot, they looked at
two types of vaccines. one was astrazeneca, not relevant to the discussion now. but when you compare the protection of two doses of pfizer biontech to three, you want from 63%, up to 94%. it is not only the u.k. and israel. next slide. another study, now from brazil, south africa, and the united states, with cumulative data of 10,000 participants. and again, in a two-month interval analysis, the efficacy against symptomatically disease in those who received the third dose versus the second dose was 95.6%. next slide. now, if you look at this again, i want to show it because the results of that same study are really dramatic. if you look at this again, the
red boxes are what happens after placebo -- after booster vaccination. if you look at the blue, it is what happened after you get the third dose booster shot, unequivocal effect of the booster. next slide. this slide now is something that is really important. i would like everyone to pay attention to it. you ask the question, if you look at the peak antibody response, which is generally a reflection of protection, and you look at it after the second dose, and then compare it 28 days after the third dose, and look at the difference in younger people, it goes from 55 to 872, in the elderly, 72 to 706.
-- 32 to 706. what about the effect of delta? as shown here in the blue box? one peak after the second dose, 241. it goes way up to 1321 after the third dose. those differences are seen in the younger and older group. not only do boosters work, clearly, they work even better than the peak dose -- the peak response after the second dose. last slide. you have to come to this conclusion from the data i showed you. protection from infection, disease, and death wanes significantly more than six months after the primary series. data from israel, the u.k., brazil, and other united states show booster significantly -- boosters significantly enhance protection. so protect yourself, your family, and your community by getting boosters, if you are
already vaccinated. please, enjoy the holidays. back to you, jeff. jeff: thanks, doctors. as they just said, boosters provide the highest level of protection against covid. everyone eligible should go get their booster shot as soon as possible. over 135 million individuals are now eligible for booster shots. with tens of millions more becoming eligible over the coming months. this is a major step forward in our vaccination program, that will help accelerate our work up put the pandemic behind us. for months, we've been working with governors, pharmacies, community health centers, and other partners to plan for this moment. all ready, the strong start to our boosters program has gotten enhanced protections to 36 millan americans -- protection
to 36 million americans, including more than half of eligible seniors, the most vulnerable population. we are prepared to give boosters to all adults, if they are eligible, six months after the pfizer or magenta or two months after the j&j. we have secured enough supply of all three vaccines for booster shots for every adult, as well as for the half-million first and second shots we continue to get into arms each and every day. boosters are free and readily available at 80,000 locations across the country. including more than 40,000 local pharmacies. as we have done throughout our vaccination program, we have equity at the center of our work. ensuring boosters are available at the hardest hit -- in the hardest hit communities and deploying mobile clinics to bring boosters to meet people where they are. so we are ready for more boosters and our cases will accelerate -- as our cases will
excel the. -- as our cases will accelerate. we are getting one million booster shots and arms pretty -- in arms per day. the message to the eligible is clear, don't delay, get your booster shot, so you can have enhanced protection from covid as we head into the winter. in addition to getting americans their boosters, vaccination requirements are driving more and more people to get their first shot. as part of the president's plan to protect individuals, it accelerates our path out of the pandemic, he announced that september that all federal employees would be required to be vaccinated. head of tonight's deadline, the federal government has achieved 95% compliance and 90% of the 3.5 million federal workers are already vaccinated. so we are successfully
implement them back to nation requirements for the largest workforce in the united states -- vaccination requirements for the largest workforce in the united states. we have 98% compliance at the irs. with nearly 25% of irs employees cutting vaccinated after the president announced a requirement. at the fbi, 99% compliance. we are well set up for the holiday travel season, with nearly 98% compliance at u.s. customs and border protection, 93% at tsa and 99% at the faa. the goal of vaccination requirements is to protect workers, not to punish them. so tonight's deadline is not an endpoint or a cliff. we continue to see more and more federal employees getting their shots. for the small percentage of employers who have not yet complied, agencies are beginning the education and counseling process.
looking at the federal workforce vaccination data makes one thing obvious -- vaccination requirements work. they encourage more people to get vaccinated. vaccination requirements are good for workers and the economy. they protect our communities and country. they will accelerate our path out of the pandemic. stepping back, there is no question that we are headed into a very different thanks giving to last year. millions of families were unable to celebrate the holiday together. 71% of adults are now fully vaccinated. up from less than 1%, when the president took office. 36 million americans have already gotten the enhance protection of the booster. -- enhanced protection of the booster. 95% of americans including kids as young as five are now eligible for the protection of a vaccine.
this is significant progress. it is thanks to the american people rolling up their sleeves, heroic efforts by health-care workers, public health officials, and others across the country, to get people vaccinated and answer questions. the president's whole of government effort to get shots in arms to protect people from the buyers. -- from the virus. let me close by underscoring that continued progress requires everyone doing their part. if you are unvaccinated, or eligible for a booster, please go get your shot. it is safe and effective. it is free and easy. and it will help all of us stay safe this winter. with that, let's open it up for questions. >> we have time for a few questions. please keep your questions to one question. let's go to meg at cnbc. reporter: thanks so much. and wondering as we are headed
into thanksgiving, a lot of people are looking at rapid tests and the potential extra layer of protection. do you recommend them, as an extra layer, in addition to vaccination, other measures? jeff, how are you looking at the availability of them right now? >> dr. walensky. dr. walensky: first of all, we are really enthusiastic for people to be able together again for this holiday season. we would encourage that people do so safely. that means to get vaccinated if you are not yet vaccinated and ideally to practice safe prevention measures before heading in to gathering numerous households together. as you know, when extra layer of protection is to take a rapid test before you gather together -- one extra layer of protection is to take a rapid test before you gather together. jeff: we have more than enough testing capacity in this country to support current and potential testing increases
including testing ahead of the holidays. we've made significant investment across the last few months -- $3 billion in rapid testing in order to quadruple the supply of at home tests from september to december. just today, in fact, we had our fifth new at home tests authorized the fda since october. that brings the total now to 13 on the market, authorized by the fda. increasingly, tests are being sold in single packs, making them more convenient and affordable. overall, we will have about a half-billion tests per month by the end of this year, about half of those will be the increasingly popular and convenient at home tests. -- at home test. this is in good time for the holiday season. next question. >> tom howell at the washington times. reporter: thanks for the opportunity. we are seeing in europe some
lockdowns, like in austria, partial lockdowns in the netherlands. there are protests. can you talk about the u.s.? are we headed in that direction whatsoever? or is the focus purely on pharmaceutical interventions moving forward? thanks. jeff: no, we are not headed in that direction. we have the tools to accelerate the path out of this pandemic. a widely available vaccination, booster shots, kids' shots, therapeutics, monoclonal antibodies to help those who contract the virus. we can curb the spread of the virus without having to in any way shut down our economy. we have 82% of people now with one shot. more and more people are getting vaccinated each week. obviously, the decisions on how to manage the virus are done at the local level. informed by community transition, vaccination rate, local capacity. we need to use the tools we have
and to get more people vaccinated to keep people safe, without going backwards in any way, shape, or form. this is under our control. question. -- next question. >> npr. reporter: thanks for taking my question. i am wondering about vaccines for the five to 11-year-olds. whether you have any sense of trends at this point, how it compares to other vaccine rollouts. the older, adolescent vaccines. there are a lot of cases right now. so how is 2021 thanksgiving not like 2020 thanksgiving? jeff: vaccination for the five to 11-year-olds started a few weeks ago, as you know. and has really accelerated. -- it is really accelerating. last week, we talked about having 10% of those eligibles with their's fir first shot --
with their first shot. we started at places like pediatricians offices, children's hospitals, local pharmacies, where parents and kids are comfortable, with trusted providers. we are now up to 35,000 sites. that continues to increase. we have one site for every 900 or so people in that age group, five to 11, compared to one site for several thousand adults. it is really convenient. we have plenty of supply. and more and more kids are getting vaccinated in that age group, five to 11 years old, each and every day. dr. walensky: on thanksgiving, i would see many of the cases we have right now are preventable with vaccines. what we have seen is -- vaccines are, if you are fully vaccinated, there is nine fold decreased risk of being hospitalized, compared to if you
are unvaccinated. we are different because now we have the tools. we would encourage people who gather to do so safely, after they have been fully vaccinated, as we have been saying for months now. i do think this is very different. because we actually have the tools to prevent the vast majority of cases. jeff: next question. >> zeke miller, ap. reporter: a couple of questions -- jeff, could you help us parse the share of the workforce that is vaccinated, versus the ones that have requested exemptions? what is the vaccine uptake? what is the vaccine uptake at the white house? do you have that data? over the weekend, the secretary of transportation suggested that the domestic vaccine mandate for domestic travel was off the table -- is that the case? is it no longer under
consideration and why not? jeff: let me see if i can go one by one. as i said, 95% of federal workers are in compliance. 90% are already vaccinated. this is continuing to build. the deadline is this evening. even once the deadline passes, it's not a cliff. it's not an endpoint. we will continue to work with people and answer their questions and provide counseling and education to get more people vaccinated. the full agency by agency report will come out this wednesday. as to the exhibit of office of the president, which i believe was your second question, we have reached 99% of employees vaccinated, so 99% vaccinated in the executive office of the president. the message today i think is quite obvious. vaccination requirements work. they are implementable, without
disruption's, and they boost dramatically vaccination rates. we encourage organizations around the country to adopt similar measures to keep their workers safe. next question. >> hello, thanks. some experts have been calling on the administration to use the defense production act or similar authority to force moderna in particular to share technology abroad to help boost global vaccine supply. dr. kessler, last month, sort of hinted that that was under consideration. is there an update on that? are you considering using that to take action against moderna for technology transfer? thank you. >> as you know, taking a step
back, we have done a lot to lead the world and global vaccination efforts with 1.2 billion doses donated to the world, 250 million already delivered to 110 countries. moderna, a couple of weeks ago, was able to accelerate the livery at a fair price of doses to the african union, something that we helped facilitate, including by giving the african union our place in line. we have plenty of doses for boosters and primary series here in the u.s., so we were able to do that, facilitate maternal getting more doses to the african union and we are continuing to work with them on how they can do more and more for the world. as people might recall last week, we put out a request for information about expanding manufacturing capacity in the u.s. to fight the pandemic and
future pandemics. so, we will continue to work with moderna, pfizer, j&j, to expand production and do all they can to help the world. we don't defeat the pandemic until we have defeated it at home and across the globe. last question? >> let's go to cheryl. >> hello, thank you for taking my questions. i think i have one for dr. fauci and one for dr. luke -- dr. luke wilensky. i think many americans are wondering how long the booster doses will be required. in other words, will we be looking out at a fourth shot or shots every six months or every year and i'm wondering what the research shows and what your expectation is for that. for dr. wilensky, vaccination has become a wedge issue in some
families gathering this holiday season. family members wondering if uncle john should show up if he's not vaccinated. should he get tested? what should he do? what's your advice to those families where maybe one person doesn't want to get vaccinated and they are trying to figure out whether or not it is safe to get together? >> for the first question, think you for that. the honest answer is that we don't know at this point, but we are collecting data that will hopefully inform us about that. let me explain. what we are hoping for, as an immunologist and infectious disease person, that the interval between the dose of the second dose of mrna and the booster that is six months or longer will give the immune response to covid-19 the chance to mature and strengthen. immunologically it's referred to
as matched duration. meaning that the cells making the antibodies have the opportunity to gain gators -- greater strength and hopefully greater durability. i would hope, and i think there is a reasonable chance, that the durability of protection following the third dose will be longer than the durability of protection that i just showed in one of my slides, where it waned after several months. if that's the case, we may not need to get boosted every six months or so. but if it does wane, which i hope it doesn't, we will address it. in any case, we will find out the data, we will make it public and act accordingly. >> to address your second question, we want families together and we don't want these
issues to create wedges. we want people to unite not only in protecting their own house -- health, but the health of each other. practically to your question, much of this depends on the specific situation, whether there are vulnerable people in the household, how well an unvaccinated person might be practicing preventative measures and that capacity to take a test to put that extra layer of prevention in place before people gather. >> on tuesday, the center for american progress will hold a discussion. watch it live at 12:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. online as c-span.org. watch full coverage on c-span now, our new video app. >> on friday, the sale you have been waiting for starts this
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