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tv   Ambassadors Discuss U.S.- Canada Relations  CSPAN  July 23, 2021 1:32pm-2:34pm EDT

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the days of walter cronkite and peter jennings are gone because of the nature of 24-hour news and the loss of the interest in entertainment -- and the interest of the public in entertainment. i felt diane was a very caring person who represents a lot of people out there. i don't want her to feel lonely about that. i think that washington journal represents the finest in programming, because all of the hosts -- steve, yourself, greta, pedro -- are just so well-trained. not to react and to let the public share their announcer: we will leave this recorded program here. you can finish watching on her website, c-span.org. we take you now to the woodrow
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wilson center for a discussion on u.s.-canada relations. live coverage, here on c-span. >> i'm told we are live. hello, and welcome to -- welcome virtually to the woodrow wilson international center for scholars. my name is christopher sanz, and i'm pleased to be bringing us all together today for an update on renewed u.s.-can a partnership that u.s. canada partnership. the roadmap was agreed to buy -- in the first virtual bilateral come all the things we are learning in the zoom era come on february 23, earlier this year. the two guests we have today at the heart of implementing that agenda, that is why we have asked them to join us today for an update on how it is going. coming to us from ottawa, ambassador arnold she cohen come
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and ambassador kiersten hillman. i'm going to ask each of them to open up. perhaps you first come ambassador come with some comments on how the roadmap fits into candidate sen. reed: relations and where we will go from here. ambassador? >> thank you and good afternoon from lovely ottawa. i'm delighted to be with you today, and grateful to the wilson center canada institute. i also wanted -- i'm also going to be sharing the screen with christopher sands and with ambassador kristin hillman. i know i'm a new face to many of you. i've only been in ottawa for a month now, but i was honored when secretary of state lincoln asked me to serve in canada. at such an exciting time. just a few months after launching the roadmap for renewed u.s. canada partnership.
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i'm really pleased with the work we are doing with our canadian partners. i think most of you are already familiar with the roadmap, for those of you who are not, let me sum it up in a few words. it is a comprehensive plan for revitalizing the united states relationship with canada, our closest friend, partner, and ally. the roadmap touches on nearly every aspect of our bilateral relationship and our multilateral relationships, too. i'm very happy to report that in the five months since president biden and prime minister trudeau released the roadmap, we are off to a great start. but to fully achieve the president and prime minister's vision, to deliver meaningful results for the people in both of our countries and the rest of the world, we have a lot of work to do, but importantly, we are going to be doing it together. today i would like to say a few words, if i may, about the progress we have made over the
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past five months to advance the roadmap, and then to move forward about what lies ahead for our two countries. first and foremost, the roadmap underscores our efforts to work together to end the covid-19 pandemic, to collaborate on public health response, and to build resilience against future outbreaks. president biden and prime minister trudeau have publicize their strong support for the multilateral institutions on the front line of the covid-19 response, including the world's health organization, which we have rejoined, and the u.n. development agencies. and they also agreed on the urgency of getting vaccines distributed around the world as quickly as possible. that is why the united states has committed to supporting global access to covid-19 vaccines. we donated 80 million doses from our own supply during the month of june, including sharing one
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million doses with our canadian friends to support their very impressive vaccination campaign. that is on top of the 1.5 million doses we have asked from canada earlier in the spring. we have also purchased 500 million doses for low and lower middle income countries, and we will deliver 200 million doses by the end of the year and 300 million during the first half of 2022. more than 95% of the vaccines donated by the united states will be delivered through the international vaccine sharing initiative, covax, to which we have also contributed some $2 billion. the roadmap also outlines our agreement to strengthen the u.s.-canada action plan on opioids, recognizing the rise in drug use during the pandemic. following the sobering news that nearly 93,000 americans died
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from drug overdoses in 2020, it is clear that we have our work cut out for us. we have held -- projects, and we plan to -- our action. excuse me. in recognizing -- economies and supply chains -- [choppy audio] i cannot overstate -- by science and public health claims, when and how -- restrictions, and i have no doubt we will move swiftly.
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pillar of the roadmap is -- with a shared vision for sustained, exclusive -- ensuring people have good jobs on both sides of the border. we now need to make sure that we live up to our commitments, not only in the roadmap -- as usmca. we want to champion an inclusive trade agenda that benefits and prioritizes the interests of workers and underserved communities. you have heard this directly from the u.s. trade representative and counterparts from canada and mexico who a few weeks ago commemorated the one-year anniversary of the usmca entering.
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they entered mexico city with u.s. entrepreneurs to understand how the usmca and trade affects their daily lives. we want to make sure we are driving a robust economic delivery, that delivers results. i also want to highlight that here, all three trade ministers are willing -- and that is also an impressive achievement that we can also be proud of. -- our women, and that is also an impressive achievement we can be proud of. usmca's small and medium enterprise dialogue this october, where our governments will engage directly with the diverse group of small business stakeholders to ensure that everyone is included and can benefit from the agreement. and we demonstrated part of this work yesterday when our three governments hosted a webinar for small and medium businesses on the tools that they can use to increase their online international sales,
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particularly in north america. and to add to this work, the u.s. embassy in canada open -- launched an open grant competition last mark for program strengthened bilateral ties between the united states and canada on women, economic development, entrepreneurship, and covid-19. we are also hosting fireside chats with small business owners , to share their experiences doing business between our two countries. we plan to continue empowering and educating audiences to advance this work. as president biden has said, there is nothing we cannot achieve when we commit ourselves to it, which leads me to the next phase in the roadmap, which is accelerating climate ambitions. combating the climate crisis, as we all know, is a top priority for both ourouand the measure of our ambition and
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achievement will undoubtedly be linked to the measure of our cross-border collaboration. the united states has set an economy-wide target for 2032 reduce our net ring house gas emissions by 50% to 52%, below 2005 levels. a special presidential envoy and former secretary of state john kerry and minister of environment and climate change john wilkinson lead the claimant dialogue that was launched in february, and the dialogue has three objectives. the first is to increase climate ambitions globally. the second is to innovate and deploy low and zero emissions technology and create jobs. and third, to enhance adaptation and resilience to climate impact.
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but an essential element in our transition to a net zero economy is the adoption of electric vehicles. that means that we are going to need raw materials for batteries such as cobalt and lithium. we also need to establish in north america the necessary supply chains and build production facilities. the good news is we have the natural resources, the innovation ecosystem, and the talented people to achieve these objectives, all right here in north america. the u.s. department of commerce has organized webinars on critical minerals to connect industries and awareness about emerging technologies, and opportunities for trade and investment on both sides of our border. in addition, the u.s.-canada critical minerals working group will meet next week on july 28. our two governments must align
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on priorities and policies on critical minerals to spur research, development, and innovation necessary to make north america competitive and secure in this pivotal specter. an important element is this outreach to our stakeholders because it is the only way to know if our policies are working and who and how they affect. we also must work with indigenous people come subnational g government business, and industry in the united states and canada. expanding our stakeholder outreach also expands to diversity and inclusion, which is so important to both of our countries. we cannot be credible advocates for democracy and human rights if we are not demonstrating our commitment to them at home. and that is why the united states is prioritizing diversity, equity,
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inclusion, and accessibility as a national security imperative. we are ensuring that underrepresented groups, including women, have a path to economic recovery. we can grow, advance, and lead -- we cannot grow, advance and lead if significant parts of our population are left out. speaking of the world stage, our future together, strengthening our alliance as a traditional -- nontraditional ones emerge. we are enhancing our already close working relationship on counterterrorism with a greater focus on countering domestic violence, extremism, or as the canadian colleagues call it, ideologically motivated violent extremism.
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so priorities include further cooperation within the online space, information sharing on strategies and threats, and exchanging views on legal frameworks and the respective prescription and sanctioned regimes. the u.s. and canada benefit from a highly integrated partnership also on the fence and security. americans and canadians work together in defense of north america, through the north american aerospace defense command, known to all of us as norad. after more than 60 years, norad remains the world's only by national military command, and we are also two of the original nato allies, and our participation in the alliance demonstrates the transatlantic bond. we cannot afford to remain complacent. selective security -- collective security is a shared responsibility, and we must --
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in line with commitments with that we have made to nato, the defense investment pledge. similarly, norad forms a critical piece of our continental defense and must be modernized to involve a global security challenge. since we were to reboot our economy, the defense spending offers an opportunity to invigorate key innovation sectors, but norad modernization tends to benefit for instance from canada's exceptional artificial intelligence and machine learning sectors, as well as the technological agility of u.s. and canadian businesses, including those small and medium businesses i mentioned earlier. at the same time, it not only supports post-pandemic economic recovery but also enhances national resilience, also in
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line with our nato responsibilities. so we welcome the government's initial contributions to norad modernization for nato operations in budget 2021, but there is more work to be done. this leads me to my final point, and that is that we must strengthen our alliances across the world. president biden directed all of us in the u.s. government from the moment of his inauguration to repair our alliance and engage with the world once again. and we prioritize that repair process in february when the president made a virtual visit to canada just one month after taking office, and again in june when he traveled to europe to attend the g7 and nato summits. we are committed to being a leader and collaborator in the global community because we recognize the biggest threats we face must be met with collective action. we have to demonstrate that
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engaging in the world is just a nice thing to do. rather, it is firmly in our self interest and essential to north american peace, security, and prosperity. we of course are strongest when we work on global problems together. so the united states and canada have taken leading roles and challenges in the western hemisphere in particular. the latest iteration of the venezuela donors -- hosted by canada, the united states is proud to contribute $700 million to the nearly $1.5 billion committed from partners to support humanitarian assistance from the venezuelan people. nicaragua, we joined with canada to issue sanctions targeting individuals associated with the oppressive ortega regime. without a doubt, russia remains determined to enhance its global influence and play a disruptive role on the world stage.
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in canada, the united states, canada and the united states have made every effort to have a cooperation with russia, but we will not hesitate to act when russia threatens our interest. the people's republic of china is the only competitor in our view capable of aligning diplomatic and military power to an open international system. secretary blinken said it best when he noted that our relationship with china will be competitive when it should be, collaborative when it can be, and adversarial when it must be. and we engaged china from the position of strength and collaboration with our allies and partners i standing up for our values in international organizations and investing in our domestic economy. let me also say that again we
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join canada's calling for the immediate release -- we continue to condemn the lack of minimum protections in more than 2.5 years of arbitrary detention. as many senior leaders have said in my government, we are treating the cases as though they were our own. so i will conclude now, and i would just like to revive one of my favorite quotes from president john f. kennedy, his famous speech to the canadian parliament in 1961, when he said, "our alliance is borne not of fear but of hope." i think it is the kind of hope that has inspired -- that is inspired by shared values like freedom, democracy, and human rights, and it is the kind of hope that gives me confidence that despite all of the challenges we face, the future of the u.s.-canada relations, of
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our national security, and of our alliances, is bright. thanks, christopher. sorry for going on so long. christopher: ambassador, thank you very much. that's pretty good for one month on the job. gosh. amb. chacon: i have a superteam. i'm there he proud of them. christopher: ambassador hillman, let me turn to you for your perspective on this and for the canadian outlook on the roadmap and where we are headed. amb. hillman: thank you very much. great to see you on the screen. i am really happy to join you. i will try and go over the some of this in a way that i think the ambassador has covered a lot of important elements of the roadmap and the things we are doing together. i will try and add some different elements there. i think to start with, talking a little bit about what the document is, because i don't
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know how many of your participants in this session are familiar with the traditional leaders statement or joint statements that come out of meetings that leaders have, with the bilaterally or in groups. but for those of you, you know, who are looking into this kind of thing on a regular basis, you know that generally speaking they are short, one page maybe, maybe less, to be two pages is pretty rare. they are largely high-level, where leaders express their issues of values or areas where they have common ground or aspirational goals. if you are, you know -- if you are lucky, you might get one or two concrete initiatives that are launched or tasking's to cabinet members. some kind of concrete project,
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that is announced in one of these. and that's great. but that is usually what you can expect in a bilateral leaders statement. this is something really different. this is not a statement, this is a work plan, and it was designed to be a work plan. it was put together -- as we were putting it together, it was designed to be putting on the table as many hungry projects together that we felt were important and of the highest importance. of course in the work that it articulates, it underlines shared canada-u.s. priorities, it underlies shared canada-u.s. values. it underlies the moment in time
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we found ourselves with covid, issues around racial equity and equality and diversity. issues around climate. so it is geared to this moment in time, it is geared to our partnerships, and it is meant to be also forward-looking. so how do we as partners come up with very concrete projects that can address the challenges the two countries are facing right now, that can create a vision for how we can work together to address future challenges, but to make each other stronger and to support each other, and how do we ensure accountability for -- how do the leaders in issue reading -- issuing these roadmaps, issuing accountability for the roadmap that we put forward. insider information for you, there is a process behind this roadmap, which is sort of a
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matrix, where we keep up with every item in there, and there are by my calculations almost two dozen concrete action items. what are we doing, how are we doing it? what is the next milestone. somebody said to me as we were working on desk, that president biden does not have meetings that are not working meetings. he doesn't want to do things that are not designed to achieve something. prime minister trudell is 100% the same way. so not to overplay it, it is a really -- it is unlike anything i have seen before. i have never participated in something like this before, and there may be other things like it out here but i am not familiar with any. i want to take a step back and to express what the vision of it is.
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i will quote to you something the leaders said in issuing the roadmap. they said that the goal of the roadmap is to revitalize and expand the historic canada-u.s. alliance and steadfast friendship to overcome the daunting challenges of today and to realize the chance of a relationship in the future. he also said that canada and the u.s. are partnership strong and have endured because we have invested in the other's success. that is a thread going through all the elements we find in the roadmap. so now we are in the implementation phase. it is -- down here in washington i work for the agencies of the u.s. government that counterparts of -- we are in the implementation phase, all government ministries, agencies, actors within our two governments are moving forward, and they are accountable for the
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things that have been set up for them. the only other thing i would mention, i think this is important. as wonderful and important as this roadmap is, and how it is structured along the conversations we are having bilaterally, i think it is also important never to lose sight of the fact -- and those of you who heard me talk before will know i say this all the time -- but in addition to every single thing that is on that piece of paper -- and there are many -- the actual strength of the canada-u.s. relationship is derived from the hundreds of thousands of millions of interactions that canadians and americans are having every day -- businesses, academics, scientists, think tanks, obviously our elected officials that state and local and municipal levels -- everybody. covid has limited some of the
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face-to-face interactions we have over time, but i can guarantee you that it has not limited the degree to which we are working together. everything in the roadmap frankly is a whole bunch of help. i know we want to have a conversation. i'm going to take a minute to touch on a few items under each of the six pillars that i think are worthwhile. there are six pillars -- combating covid, economic recovery, climate, advancing diversity and inclusion, bolstering our security and defense relationships, and working internationally with our partners. combating covid -- not surprisingly, combating covid and then dealing with the economic challenges of having to have lived through covid are the two priorities of our government and most governments around the world, and there is a lot of emphasis being put on that.
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we have been working with u.s. throughout in the world of innovation and science, the world of ppe production, and the world of supply-chain resiliency, and in doing our best to support vaccination of our populations. the ambassador mentioned the u.s. privileged the delivery to canada, 2.5 million vaccine doses, one million for moderna, 1.5 million astrazeneca this year. that was important at a critical time when we were working to get some of our vulnerable canadians vaccinated. we are deeply grateful for that. we are working with manufacturers and have been throughout this pandemic. the good news is today in canada
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we have over 80% of canadians who have windows and over 60% have two doses. that is a wonderful thing. we have even higher rates for elderly populations, inuit and northern communities, that can be particularly vulnerable given the challenges at long distances and health care availability in those regions. we are very pleased with that, we are pleased with our partnership with the americans on this, and frankly, american industry. many of our colleagues have gotten to know a lot of u.s. manufacturers very well over the past year and a half. those are relationships double be useful to us---that will be useful to us, as we think through resiliency for our nation going forward. vaccinating our own populations is not the end of it. this is a global phenomenon. we have a joint commitment to work to eradicate covid around
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the world, and canada is making its contribution to that. we have initial commitment of 13 million doses to covax earlier this year, and very recently the government of canada announced it would donate another 17.7 million doses. we are also launching a program to match dollar for dollar donations that canadians make the individual canadians, make it to unicef, towards the covid-19 vaccination fundraising , up to a maximum of $10 million. we are trying to make sure canadians also realize that as we start to feel better about the situation we are in mystically, this is a global issue and we need to play our part on the global stage to bring this pandemic to a better place.
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we are also working harder to revitalize our pandemic system in north america, and we have systems in place, but we have a lot of lessons to learn. ambassador did mention opioids, and i think that is important. i will re-emphasize that for a moment. people may not think much about this, but canada and the u.s. walk -- last time i checked, in the world. --leading countries for opioid deaths in the world, and it is very much a priority for both of our governments. we have seen a real surge in these challenges during the opioid epidemic, as well as other social challenges for citizens. we have a group that has been active on the opioid crisis for quite a few years, but they are reinvigorating some of their
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information sharing in particular around trying to understand what is happening right now and what more we could do with respect to not only understanding this crisis, but stopping the importation of these drugs, assuring the health of our citizens. there is great activity happening here. moving to the economic side, there is an awful lot to talk about, and i'm happy to go into any event that people are interested in. i think that from our perspective, at this moment in time, they have to be at reinvesting in the canada supply chain. if there is something we have learned during the covid pandemic, it is that we need to resilience, we need partners we can count on when the chips are down. we need to know we will keep the
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supply chains running . i believe we did a very good job under difficult circumstances. we kept supply chains running. we had a certain diminishment in our bilateral goods trade that flows, but it wasn't much. it was less than 15%. given the turmoil of the past year, he was quite impressive, and it speaks to deep integration of the supply chains . now is the moment to double down on it. to make sure we have the systems and the rules and the understanding in place to help those -- those are canadians and americans, those are companies, those are people, to help those people supercharge their relationship -- we are looking forward to getting back together with families and friends. we have got to encourage businesses to reinvigorate the
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strength of their relationship. for me personally, that is a huge priority. i think we are making some very good headway. there is within that effort specific variants that are particularly forward-looking. what that brings in what we have learned about vulnerabilities of not having sufficient diversity of supply in critical minerals, and what canada can bring to the table on that as a country that has many of these minerals within our territory, super exciting conversations. it is about facilitating increased competitiveness for all of us, canada, the u.s., our partnership. a lot of the technologies we are looking towards for greener economy, electrification of vehicles, but also for security and defense purposes.
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the technologies are essential in some of our security applications. that is really an interesting place to look, but also may be a transition into the climate-change agenda, also our supply chains and mutual support of miss in all of the technologies -- mutual supportiveness and all of the technologies that are not only good in combating climate change and necessary to combat, change, but urging technologies and products of the world is focusing on, and we can if we do this well and together in a way, as the leader said, we can find ourselves in canada, the u.s., or north america as leaders of these technologies. we have a lot of innovation going on in canada, you have a lot of innovation in the united states. we have the workers and the know-how and the materials from
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everything from the intellectual property to the will to push forward in these areas. on the climate front, there is that aspect. we are very focused on domestically trying to lead countries that lead with each other. one of the things that is very true when you think of canada-u.s. relations commit is quite different, in my experience, then the relation that some of my fellow ambassadors have when they are dealing with the u.s. administration, because a lot of what we talk about his domestic-oriented, because it is about our roads and our bridges and our border and our shared
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environment, shared waterways, shared air. it is about migratory species and policing. we do an awful lot of work together in the security space, it is about these very vibrant economic relationships, cultural relationships, shared history. it is a very -- a lot of it has a lot to do with things that are domestic concerns. we have 12 or more binational unions. we think about how workers are faring these days. a lot of it is shared between canada and the united states. when you think about the climate files from the are things we're doing on the world stage together, but also things to make sure from a regulatory perspective to support each other in a setting our
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goals and ambitions so that we are able to do as much as possible but you -- not hindering some of the interesting development that is going to come through transitioning to the much greener place. canada has announced late in june that we are going to set a mandatory target for duty cars and passenger trucks in canada to be zero emissions by 2035. that is accelerating our goal. we also said we would pursue the regulations that are required for that. that has launched pretty interesting conversations around canada-u.s. collaboration and setting targets of this nature. he said we will align with the most ambitious goals that are set in the u.s., and they are
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set at the state level. we are going to try to use that to motivate a broader global shift, which is good for the environment, good for our industry. i have gone off my notes. we have a high-level ministerial dialogue on climate that is working very much at the regulatory alignments that can be mutually reinforcing. the energy secretary come energy minister, secretary granholm, have a new memorandum of understanding on energy cooperation, which is also very centered on clean energy, centered on workers in that sector, trying to enhance as
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many opportunities as possible that are good for workers in that space as well. and as i say, we are all to take these deep alignments and bring them internationally. there is a ton of work that is being done on diversity and inclusion both on the international stage and sharing experiences we have challenges that are in some respects similar in some respects different, there are interesting and important conversations being done on these terribly important issues. we are implementing our feminist international assistance agenda. vice president harris, who represented the u.s. at the generation quality forum, spoke to many of the types of things that our government is speaking
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to. we are working very well together. it relates to the economic pandemic, diversity and inclusion was very clear, and the data shows it, recognition that the pandemic has hit particularly art on women and canada and the united states, but to clearly racialized groups, particularly hard on those who have the most precarious employment. back to the theme of what we learned this past year and a half, how we had similar and different experiences, and how we can make sure as public policy makers put in place roles that are going to make things better. there is a lot of very interesting conversations happening on that. our government in april release our budget and we introduce a number of measures to address
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the impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on the most vulnerable members of our population. ambassador chacon spoke about the security and defense space. the only thing i would like to say is a recent example of some very good work that we do together up in the arctic is the joint patrolling that we are doing, really important scientific work that we are doing together. a lot of that work has to happen in the warmer seasons, so we have -- it is operating with u.s. coast guard later this summer. these activities are very important for building our common understanding of that space, the needs, and some of the challenges that we are facing.
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and finally, in terms of global alliances, president biden and his team are closely allied in all fora, and we are very welcoming of that. it is very important. from the wto to the event to the g20 to nato, there is an awful lot going on, and we welcome u.s. leadership in all of these forums. i think that it is going to be essential, because our world is facing a lot of multifaceted, complex problems, not just covid, although that will be with us for a while, but there are a lot of important challenges all over the world right now, and the only way that countries of like mind and values are going to be able to address them his working together. i will stop there and let you take over. >> thank you very much,
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ambassador. i don't really want to take over. this has been a wonderful chance to hear how things are going. i have a bunch of questions, but before i ask any come up and to remind viewers that if you are viewing this live, send us a question one of two ways. send us in email at canada @wilsoncenter.org, and because we are american we spell "center" the american way, " e-r." let me start with one or two of my own questions. i want to ask both of you, in march of 2020, as we know, the countries agreed to restrict nonessential crossing of the border to stop the spread of covid-19. the wilson center, as you may know, organized a task force on public health at the u.s.-canadian border, and we
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have been following to veldman's closely. the roadmap says both leaders agreed to take a coordinated approach based on science and public health criteria when considering measures to ease canada-u.s. border restrictions in the future. this week candidate announced it would begin admitting vaccinated americans august 9 and wednesday it said it was extending restrictions through august 21. is this a quantitated move? it looks like -- is this a coordinated move? it looks like canada is ahead of the u.s. i will give ambassador chacon a chance to answer the question. amb. hillman: i've been here in this spot since the border closure last march. i can tell you that from that day to this week, we have if not weekly, sometimes several times a week from conversations at
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various levels with dhs, with the state department sometimes, with the white house, depending on the topic, around the canada-u.s. border. these conversations have been with the objective of sharing information -- first from setting our objectives. the reason we did it is to limit travel so that we could try and get our domestic house in order from but to allow trade to continue to flow. we have an extreme the successful in that regard. we have continued to talk, to share information on the progress of the pandemic from our efforts to contain it and the concerns we are having with respect to the epidemiological situation in both of our countries, and then the border, administrative matters, how it is rolling out. is a problem we can solve in the early days acrylate there were
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concerns around how it -- it is a problem we can solve nearly days? there were concerns about how it is being operationalized. we sought to address those issues to the greatest extent possible. there has been an enormous amount of information sharing and coordination, and there continues to be. but quinn nation doesn't mean you're going to do that -- but coordination does not mean you are going to do the same thing. the united states has allowed canadians to fly to the united states since the very beginning of this pandemic, whereas canada restricted land border transit as well as flights from the united states. again, coordination is about sharing information, it is about making sure where we can implement in a manner that is as
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smooth as possible, we are doing so. we are committed to making decisions based on the advice of experts. our science, our experts come our country, what is happening for us on the ground. i'm sure the ambassador can speak for the u.s., but just a site, -- but just to say, the collaboration and information sharing and the effort from us altogether has been stellar under this administration and, credit where credit is due, since the outset of this pandemic. christopher: please come ambassador ca--please, ambassador chacon. amb. chacon: i would echo the comments ambassador hillman made. she was quite and eloquent, and i have nothing to add other than that the consultation is ongoing and it
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will continue. it resulted in a major achievement of us keeping our border open to essential travel and trade and the like. i think we are in a good place. we continue to review our travel restrictions, and any decisions about reopening travel is going to be guided by public health and medical experts. we take this very seriously. the trajectory is very promising. christopher: excellent. thank you both for that. ambassador chacon, while i have you, the roadmap includes a pledge to work together to build the necessary supply chain to make canada and the u.s. global leaders in all aspects of battery development and production, and also they agreed to strengthen the canada-u.s. minerals action plan to target batteries for zero-and mission vehicles and energy storage. can you talk about the work being done there, and why the
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critical minerals action plan with canada in particular? amb. chacon: sure, thanks for the question. the critical minerals working group is comprised of a multitude of u.s. and canadian federal departments and agencies, and it is very active in laying the foundation for north america to be a prime source of materials and metals that we are going to need to power our transition to the net zero future. the department of commerce at the embassy in ottawa along with natural resources canada have enacted programs of industry outreach that brings together the canadian and u.s. companies to identify the needs and develop solutions for critical minerals supply chain security. we want to continue this cooperation with the government of canada, and we look forward to continuing collaboration with the private sector to advance
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the u.s.-canada critical minerals action plan in the roadmap. christopher: excellent, thank you for that. ambassador hillman, the existing mou on the energy infrastructure -- can you tell us about what the mou includes and what updates are needed? particularly i'm thinking of the ransomware attack on the colonial pipeline months ago. what are we working on there? amb. hillman: thanks for that. i think the mou dates back a few years, and there was a lot of focus -- there was not enough focus on green technology, green investment, and the efforts we want to make with respect to new energy. enhancing that aspect of the
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energy relationship as well. there is a focus there. there is a focus -- i think that in the energy transition, we have to be very mindful that in any transition there are people that are implicated in an industry that may be diminishing that have jobs there. what we want to do is make sure we are also focusing on the workers that are working in our energy sector to make sure that they are supported and that we are, as we enhance all forms of energy, that we are creating good jobs for canadians and americans. there is a focus on the jobs aspect of the energy relationship as well, and there is focus on the ways in which we can work together. for example, for the united states to meet some of its climate goals, it is going to require much more
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electrification of its energy sector. canada has a lot to offer there. we want to make sure we are opening philosophy can if i can put it that way, it is how can we be helping each other succeed in supporting each other in each other's success. christopher: thank you very much. ambassador chacon, president biden and prime minister trudeau reaffirmed their commitment to multilateralism and building global alliances. can you talk about how the biden administration's emphasis on multilateralism shapes the bilateral relationship between the u.s. and canada? you have had a lot of experience outside canada-u.s. have you seen anything like this particular partnership on the world stage? oh, i think you are on mute, sir. sorry about that. amb. chacon: we certainly value this partnership, and the
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roadmap rings into sharp relief our commitment to addressing global challenges, and president biden has been so eloquent about saying this. again, using multilateral institutions effectively. we have agreed to cooperate and expand this cooperation, because we want to work together promoting democracy, human rights, media freedom. i mentioned the venezuela donors conference that canada recently hosted that was very successful. i particularly see promising avenues for cooperation on haiti, nicaragua, cuba. this is our hemisphere, we know it well, and there is much that we can do together to advance our agenda in this regard. christopher: fantastic. ambassador hillman, i want to
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ask you to follow-up, because ambassador chacon mentioned the importance of collaborating on china. president biden reiterated that it is one of the only things that -- single leader statement, but he reiterated his call for china to release canadian hostages. this is an area where the u.s. and canada are aligned. what can the two countries do to better address our differences with china? amb. hillman: that's an excellent question. the first thing i would like to say about the two canadians being arbitrarily detained in china in retribution, frankly, for canada having lived up to its commitments to the united states by -- under our extradition treaty with the united states, we are deeply grateful for the vocal and very
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specific support we are getting from the u.s. administration, from the very top, as you mentioned, all the way through. and this is something that i have had -- every week i have an engagement with the administration and members of congress on this, i just want to put that on the record, how very much we appreciate that. the broader relationship, i can say that actually, we are very supportive of the pragmatic, if i can put it this way, approach to the china relationship. for us and the foreign minister, there are 4 c's when it comes to dealing with china. we want to challenge them where we must on issues of value such as human rights and democracy. we want to compete with them fairly and on a level playing
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field, because that is good for the world. back to my comments around emerging technologies and efforts to green our transportation sector, we should all be competing with each other fairly and according to rules that are putting us on a level playing field, but in order to get the most out of human ingenuity. need to cooperate, because there are some global problems that are completely impossible to be solved with china as one of the most populous nations on the globe. climate is an example, climate change, seeking resolution there. and coexist, that is our c. sometimes we just coexist. we do things we believe in and we demonstrate that we believe there is a way in which we organize our society and the way
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in which we treat our people, the way in which we operate in the world is the best way. democracies can yield great success and great prosperity for people. that is a question of our demonstrating our value proposition, put it that way. that is the canadian approach, and it is very much aligned with president biden's approach as well and his efforts so far. but none of us can underestimate the challenges of a multifaceted nature of operating in so many different spheres with china. it is something we work on often with the u.s. government, but also with the hill and many like-minded countries in washington and the g7 and g20 and otherwise. christopher: thank you very much for that.
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ambassadors, we have come to the end of our time. as a super fan of canada-u.s. relations, i enjoy all of this detail. i think the relationship is in very good hands and the roadmap puts us on a very good road forward. i am so impressed by both of you on the way you have covered a lot of ground today, but also very important ground. thank you for coming, thank you for being part of this public update, and maybe we will have a chance to do this soon with both of you. thank you very much, and thanks to our viewers, and we look forward to having you all back virtually to the woodrow wilson center of international scholars. thank you very much, and have a great afternoon. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2021] >> president biden traveled to virginia to campaign for terry mcauliffe, who is running for governor. we will have the remarks when they get underweight seven
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7:30 p.m. eastern. weekends on c-span2 bring you the best in american history nonfiction books. saturday on american history tv at 2:00 p.m. eastern on "the presidency," 650 hours of lyndon johnson's white house phone conversation are available on the website crated by the johnson presidential library and university of virginia. find out what the tips reveal about lbj's presidency with historian michael brushless, university of virginia scholar melody barnes, and anchor brian williams. university of north carolina-chapel hill professor looks at civil-military relations during the korean war, including general douglas macarthur's removal from command by harry truman. book tv features the latest others discussing the latest nonfiction books. on sunday, get in-depth look of
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