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tv   Trade Ministers Discuss U.S.- Mexico- Canada Agreement  CSPAN  July 7, 2021 3:19pm-4:27pm EDT

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and d.c. police chief robert contee about their actions in response to the attack. that is all this week starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern. announcer: up next, u.s. trade representative katherine tai joined other government officials to discuss the one year anniversary of the u.s.-mexico-canada trade agreement which went into effect july 1, 2020. everyone. my name is a pat, i am president and chief executive officer of kansas city southern, one of north america's large railroads, and i am delighted to have been asked to kick off this remarkable round table discussion. my primary role here will be to introduce ambassador green who will introduce the panel and others on the discussion for today.
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but i would like to make some comments here just about the unique opportunity here in the discussion literally on the eve of one-birthday, anniversary -- one-year birthday, anniversary of the signing of the usmca. for those of you who don't know kansas city southern as well as others, again, one of the largest railroads in north america with a significant presence this mexico. so our business has been very tightly connected to u.s.-mexico trade since the implementation of nafta 25, 27 years ago. we are now in the process of merging with a canadian national which is also one of the largest transportation railroad companies in north america, expect combination of
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canadian -- and the combination of canadian national and kansas city southern will create a rail network that is unmatched across north america. and it is our belief that the opportunity for trade growth across all three countries is just fantastic opportunity for north america, all three countries in north america, to emerge and move forward as an even more powerful trading bloc in the world. and much of the trade relies on infrastructure, and recall infrastructure is a critical part of the backbone of trade across the continent. and the combination of canadian national and kansas city southern will create, as i said
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earlier, an unmatched, first-ever truly north american rail network that we think is going to be not only a participant, but a driver of investment across north america, improved supply chains, improved performance and resiliency of supply chains. the presence of usmca is a significant factor in creating this environment. trade certainty between the three countries in north america as well as other factors. supply chain leaders around the world are looking to derisk, shrink global supply chains, improve predictability, resilience of supply chains, and we have a fantastic opportunity with usmca in place and forums like this where we have open discussion between the leaders of all three countries to focus
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on issues and align priorities, to take advantage of this fantastic opportunity for north america. so with that, i would like to introduce ambassador mark green. many of you know ambassador green as a very distinguished career and has been with the wilson center since the beginning of the year. after having spent several years at the mccain institute and top roles at the international republican institute, the initiative for global development and the u.s. global leadership to coalition. he also served as u.s. ambassador to tanzania and served four terms in the u.s. house of representatives for wisconsin's 8th district. so, ambassador green, i'm going to assume that you you are, beia
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wisconsin native, that you are a green bay packers fan -- [laughter] and if with all of these fine witnesses, i would like to expand a personal invitation for you to come to kansas city on november 7th for the showdown, the rematch of super bowl i between the kansas city chiefs and the green bay packers. so consider that invitation extended. and with that, i will turn the floor over to ambassador mark green. >> thanks, pat. we aren't to bring religion into this, which is what we do when we talk about my green bay packers. thanks for your kind introduction and, seriously, thanks for your great support of nafta, usmca and the work that we do the at the wilson center. is so welcome, everyone, to the woodrow wilson center. our congressional mandate is directing us to bring together the world of learning and the world of public affairs. i can't think of a more
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important way that we fulfill that mandate than our discussions this week on the first anniversary of the u.s.-mexican-canadian agreement. and it is an honor to be here with the trade leaders of these three close partners, north american partners and friends. so thanks to covid-19, ushca's -- usmca's first year has been, to put it mildly, not one that will soon be forgotten. but it's also proven both the resolve of our nations and our overall dedication to harnessing the might of private enterprise for a bright, more prosperous future for the entire continent. after a quarter century of success under the north american free trade agreement, the u.s., mexican and canadian leaders worked tirelessly to modernize that agreement and to provide clear and coherent trade rules for sectors in disciplines not cover but nafta or the canada-u.s. free trade agreement
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that preceded it. no other free trade agreement has been updated in this fashion. but president trump joined his counterparts in november of 2018 at the signing ceremony. he boasted that usmca is the largest, most significant, had if earn and balanced trade -- modern and balanced trade agreement in history. in this case he may have been right. all three governments should be commended for their vision and their willingness to take on the risk of renegotiation with no guarantee of success, the chance that things could be made worse. that takes the courage, that takes principled leadership, can and it takes close cooperation and communication among our friends and partners in north america. but we all know the work is far from done. we must continue to educate the public. we must continue to strength then our mutual trade interests and shore up our economic prospects. negotiators in this process, as
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we know, added new chapters on digital trade, small and medium enterprises, regulatory coherence and competitiveness to name a few while also fully incorporating labor and environmental chapters into the new agreement. our countries also updated rules of origin to insure that the auto industry, the driver of 25% of north american commerce, could compete in a future electronic vehicle-focused global economy. if anything, the pandemic has reinforced the deeply interconnected nature of our economies and societies. it has shown us the risks of overreliance on supply chains whose crucial links may run through far-off lands. it is essential that we -- government, private sector and civil society -- learn from the pandemic, that we implement plans and policies that will help mitigate the impact of
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future disruptions, that we recognize the value and potential for near-shoring crucial sectors and important supply chains. we should also seize z the opportunity of usmca's competitiveness committee. as we all know, it's an important innovation of the agreement, and it provides an additional tool for the governments to engage with the private if sectors and civil society. earlier this week we had the opportunity to hear from three business groups about their vision for the committee. and the wilson center is eager to support the committee through our scholarship and convening power. our canada and mexico institutes have held over 15 events and published numerous papers about usmca and the opportunities for enhanced cooperation. and commerce within north america. many of the events and publications occurred under the umbrella of our usmca a working
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group which we established about a year ago and about which you will hear more later on. that group brings together policymakers and stakeholders to discuss rules of origin, work force development, energy, border management and travel and tourism among others. it will continue during the agreement's second year to convene and discuss additional chapters and sector discussions in areas like agriculture, financial services, small and medium enterprises and the degeneratival economy. in doing so, we hope to provide the three governments with actionable recommendations to support rapid resolution of problems and agile responses to opportunities to, again, enhance the economy of no one of us, but all three of us and, in fact, the entire hemisphere. so enough from me. let's get on to today's important discussion. i am delighted to have the honor
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to moderate a virtual fireside chat with north america's trade ministers to commemorate usmca's first birthday. finish -- i will invite each of the ministers to make brief opening remarks, and then we'll engage in a conversation about usmca's achievements, challenges and potential. first, we will hear from ambassador katherine tai. she's the 19th u.s. trade respective serving as the principal trade adviser, negotiator and spock person on u.s. trade -- spokesperson on u.s. trade policy. she previously served as the chief trade counsel and trade subcommittee staff director for the house ways and means committee where she played a pivotal role in shaping u.s. trade law including the u.s.-mexico-canada agreement. ambassador, i'm turning it over to you for some comments. >> thank you so much op, ambassador green, for those kind words and the warm introduction.
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and thank you to the wilson center for hosting today's event. it is wonderful to join my friends. i have enjoyed getting to know both of you in our early conversations. it has been a busy month for the biden/harris administration on the world stage. at the gunning of the month -- beginning of the month, vice president harris visited guatemala and mexico x a few weeks ago i joined president biden in brussels where we highlighted the importance of the trans-atlantic relationship. and tomorrow marks the one-year anniversary of the united states-mexico-canada agreement. this important milestone offers us opportunities to reflect on the importance of our partnership and commit to advancing a positive economic agenda that lifts up workers and if communities in all of our countries. i believe that the usmca provides us with a framework to advance this agenda.
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for years there was broad consensus that the nafta needed to be updated and remedied to meet the needs of the 21st century and correct for flaws and breakdowns in the agreement that developed over time. that view was shared by the business community, labor unions and members of congress from both parties. the usmca, as originally negotiated, made some important strides toward achieving the goal of updating and remedying but still fell short of standards required to win congressional support. only with the close partnership of business and labor organizations and after a most unlikely and topsy-turvy collaboration between congressional democrats and the trump administration did the renegotiated usmca emerge as a better deal for workers. it also serves as a new model for trade agreements to be able to secure a broad-based support.
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the usmca was approved by the u.s. congress with overwhelming bipartisan majorities and was endorsed by groups ranging from the aflcuo to the u.s. chamber of commerce. afl-cio. of course, none of this would have been possible without the commitment of our mexican and canadian partners. the process and the final product demonstrated that thoughtful engagement and an openness to creative solutions can lead to better policy. the usmca now includes the strongest labor and environmental standards in any agreement ever, a new labor-specific enforcement mechanism and critical changes to intellectual property provisions designed to increase access to affordable medicine for regular people. the usmca also allowses us to revisit parts of the agreement to insure that it remains relevant as the economy and our world evolve. we should celebrate the usmca
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because of what it represents, a renewed commitment by our three countries to pursue negotiations that raise standards and create that race to the top. as president biden stated at the recent g7 leaders' meeting, we will always be more successful if we partner with our allies. collaboration with mexico and canada helps us confront today's challenges and prepare for the challenges we will face in the future. most importantly, the trust and the relationships that we built in renewing the terms of this agreement will help us to promote the exit ifoffness of north -- exitoffness of north america and respond to the policies that undercut our businesses and our workers. a good next step in this increased cooperation can be on the issue of forced labor. the usmca includes a strong obligation to prohibit the -- of goods produced with forced labor.
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working together to address this critical economic and moral issue would send a powerful message to the world. while today we are celebrating what we have publish accomplished with this -- accomplished with this agreement, we must also acknowledge that there is more work to do by continuing our work together the, we can build a more competitive and resilient partnership that delivers showered prosperity across -- shared prosperity across this region that is home to all of us. thank you very much. >> thank you, ambassador. next we will hear from secretary tatiana carillo, mexico's secretary of the economy. the ec secretary has spent 12 years working on public policy on the state and municipal level including as a congresswoman in mexico's lower house twice. secretary, over to you for some comments. push spanish glt good morning, good evening.
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i'm very pleased to be with you. >> translator: i want to thank wilson center for allowing us to shower. we are just about -- to share. we are just about to celebrate the first anniversary of the entering to force of usmca. i want the thank the presence of the ambassador, our moderator, mr. patrick, and the representative. thank you very much for being with us. and my colleagues that we have worked a lot because i took office this year, but we were working together reviewing all of the areas saw all the progress made in usmca. for me, this was very important
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and to listen about the challenges we have. and as katherine tai has said, we have a lot of work to do as nations. however, this treaty that has been modernized compared to the world, we are able to face the new challengeses. and during covid it was a very important mechanism that strengthened, as you said before, the commerce was strengthened in some way. and this partnership helped the three countries to face challenges in a different way. i want to make three comments. those are the three r. one is react vawtion, the orr is economic recovery and the restructuring of value chains.
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for mexico having the celebration of the first anniversary, the commercial environment has allowed a more active dynamism, faster -- despite the pandemic, i should say that -- and allowed mexico to reposition as the main commercial partner of the u.s. and the third commercial partner of canada. mexico has been consolidated having to pay $51 billion in 2020 with the u.s., and it maintains as an important provider of food to the u.s. with access to a healthy and more varied diet. our products were able to be sent to the u.s. through this
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treaty. also the usmca has been a powerful engine of economic recovery in north america. and despite the pandemic, we were able to face economic consequences, and mexico's position among the countries that received major foreign investment. and this has to do with the usmca trading x. and for us, i think that we should highlight that usmca helped our investments with canada and the u.s. were strengthened. the confidence of this usmca mechanism was welcome worldwide but also by investors and our colleagues and workers in the country. the restructuring of supply chain thanks to usmca also were
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tested during the pandemic. part of what we have done up to date is to share our counterparties, especially a study that indicates that the manufacturing imports that u.s. performs from mexico integrate a 30% u.s. content. and we have sent to the administration, president biden and canada highlighting the strengthing of the value chains -- strengthening of the value chains to overcome or as a reason to overcome. as katherine said, if we work as allies to have a common front, we can thrive. we want thank how this renewed
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usmca has taken mexico to the -- [inaudible] lopez obrador agenda. during his campaign, he mentioned the importance of strengthening the work and having more competitive salaries for workers with important labor conditions. and before the usmca implementation, he carried out a very important labor reform. i was a congresswoman when this reform was approved. and in some way, we for the usmca we moved to another state with a very well-drawn road map. and also to have a union, liberty and the workers will have all the necessary
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information for the commitment in the labor agreement in this sense, usmca is really important and article 23 and 23a that will allow to contribute to the efforts of an inclusive -- thanks to the improvements of labor conditions. we have worked hand in hand with the private sector and workers, women and hen if, that will be ready to carry out implementation and to receive the benefits of the reform. also we have carried out reforms to improve minimum wages and to improve the scheme of profit distribution expect free trade agreement -- and the free trade agreement has been really a significant. thank you very much. >> thank you, madam secretary. that's very helpful and a lot
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for us to take from that. so i'd like to turn next to the honorable mary yang, the canadian minister of small business, export promotion and international trade. she emigrated from hong kong to qanta with her family, so she -- canada with her family, so she knows well the importance of international relationships and economic opportunity. she knows well the struggle and eventual success of immigrants to a new country and the important role that economic growth plays in that. madam minister, please, a few words from you. >> well, thank you so very much. good afternoon, everyone. spend if. [speaking french] i want to thank you for that good introduction, ambassador green. but before i begin, let me just acknowledge that i am joining you from the traditional territory of many nations
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including the -- [inaudible] the chippewa and the -- people. for those of us who are settlers or even immigrants to canada, it's really important to recognize the indigenous people who have always been here and that canadians have a role to play in reconciliation. and this work is especially important with the tragedy ec confirmation of hundreds of children whose lives were taken at residential schools, and it's important that we recognize the terrible legacy of the role that we all play in our ongoing reconciliation efforts moving forward. ambassador tai, tatiana, it is wonderful to see you again and to connect after we had a terrific free trade commission meeting. it's really great to be sharing the virtual stage with you. i also want to say a hello to both ambassador green and respective brady. hello. nice to see you. and on the eve of the first
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anniversary of the canada, u.s. and mexico agreement or what we in canada like to call the new nafta, i want to thank you, ambassador green and to pat and the entire team at the wilson center, for bringing us together. in 1993 our countries made history by forging the largest trade agreement with the shared goal of mutual economic prosperity and raising the standards of living for all of our people. since then, trilateral trade has tripled fostering innovation and creating jobs and economic growth across north america. fast forward to the summer of 2017 when our countries first came together to build off this foundation set in 1993 and to prepare the economy for the future with a new nafta. and today we're here on the eve of this first anniversary since the agreement came into force reflect ifing on lessons learned for that first year and
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highlighting our north american collaboration in the years ahead. this last year has certainly been a difficult year. it's plunged our respective nations into one of the biggest health and economic crises in modern history. it has showed how open supply chains are to support our industry, workers and communities through the most difficult of circumstances. from working together on adapting trade mechanisms for critical supplies such as food, medicine or the raw materials that are used in making ppe or life-saving vent hate arers to equitable flow of goods between our countries and, indeed, around the world during covid-19. our trade relationship is built on long-established, deeply integrated supply chains, networks of workers and businesses that aren't just selling to each other, but we're innovating, and we're building together, and we're selling to the world. let me share a couple of examples of what i mean by this. let's start with biodefense
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indoor air production systems. it's a transcontinental partnership between a houston-based company, a canadian engineering company in cpr and mexico's -- [speaking spanish] the three manufacturing companies came together to create an innovative system for ventilators which traps and eliminates the covid-19 virus using high heat without affecting air temperature. another great example is the proposed landmark deals between kansas city southern and cn rail, a deal that has the potential to generate economic growth on both sides of our shared border with the united states. this is the power of the new nafta in action. the reliability and civility of our trade agreement is what allows businesses like these ones and their hard working employees to innovate and adapt through challenging times.
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moving forward, our trade relationship will be crucial to supporting them as they recover, grow, create jobs for our shared reto cover, strengthening -- recovery, strengthening our north american competitiveness. it is clear that the enhancements we made in the new nafta are already fostering an environment and opportunity to grow in traditional sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture and natural resources and also helping us become market leaders in emerging sectors such as clean technology and sustainable infrastructure through trilateral collaboration. i'll give you another example. take our montreal wsp. it's a world-leading engineering and consulting firm that helped the dell children's hospital in texas to earn accreditation for sustainability. wsp reduced net energy use by 40% by creating a design that optimizes heat recovery, ventilation, lighting and the use of daylight. by modernizing north american
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rules of trade, our businesses are better able to meet the most pressing challenges of our time from the pandemic to climate change. our renewed commitment to the automobile, for the automobile industry is an excellent example of this. by working together under this new agreement, we are incentivizing knot american production -- north american production of zero emission vehicles and turning our countries into global leaders in the clean energy vehicle market. this is strengthening our long-term competitiveness, generating sustainable growth and creating good jobs across our countries. in closing, i would like to underscore something of vital importance. by working hard in of a of our -- each of our countries to implement the new and a half nafta -- behalf tasker we're sending a strong message. it is a message about our renewed commitment to the trilateral economic partnership, one that protects workers, supports small businesses, creates opportunities for underrepresented groups and
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contributes to a more sustainable and uncollusive future. can inclusive future. and i know when canada, the united states and mexico continue to work together we will recover from covid-19, we will lead the world in a greener, safer and more competitive economic recover. thank you so much. merci, gracias. >> thank you so much. and each of you have highlighted some of the great innovations that are at the heart of usmca. but as we begin, this obviously came into force during a challenging time for all three economies given the pandemic. what steps remain in implementation, and what do you see as the timeline for completing those steps? and if i can begin with you, ambassador tai. how do you see implementation and the necessary steps ahead in >> well, thank you so much, and it really is a joy and delight
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to be reunited with secretary clouthier and minister ng in two dimensions. we did spend time together back in april for the free trade commission x i want to note at the start of this session that we were very proud to be representing these three countries as women. and and i will note that we also take pride in the fact that we not only stuck to the agenda for those two days, but we also, i think, finished early for most of our special sessions. and we take credit for that as women as well. ambassador green, you ask a great question, and i think this is a unique opportunity to talk a little bit about how we are thinking about the usmca, this particular trade agreement, but
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also all trade agreements which is the implementation process ongoing. working on this agreement is never going to be finished, and i think that, you know, that's a pretty critical notion that we're really trying to focus on which is these agreements are about relationships. relationships are dynamic, just as our global economy is dynamic. and the way that we interact with each other, the mechanisms that we have for cooperation, for building together but also for managing our friction is an ongoing process. so from my for spentive -- my perspective, yes, the pandemic has been a real curveball. but we are here for each other. that is the purpose of the usmca, and we will continue to implement it through its lifetime. >> minister ng or secretary, do you have anything you'd like to
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add in terms of the path for implementation? if not, why don't i puck up where we just -- pick up where we just. [laughter] off. as you said, in many ways this is a process, not a single agreement. and there's a path ahead not just in implementation, but in looking for ways to advance trade. as important as this agreement is and as beneficial as it is, i think we all recognize that the politics of trade are difficult they're often difficult for domestic constituencies. how do you advance the cause of trade in your own countries, and how do you help to convince mexicans, cause januaries -- canadians and americans that free trade is something that should continue to be pursued? secretary clouthier, if i could
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begin with you, perhaps? >> translator: yes, of course. i think that one of the most important things is how the regionalization show that not all of us do the same things. we are supplementary. this is one of the most important thingses where we're able to show our openness. the pandemic has been a great example of we can see how the example of making a decision a or b. for us what we have done in the mexico is to show -- and will the me go back to the field. all agricultural products that we despite the pandemic, because women, people were working in the field by respecting the protocols and complying with the
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terms and labor has been fundamental. and this is part of the produce ors and workers that when they want with to do it, they can do it. and we have demonstrated that we were capable of doing this in a respectful way with the agreements we have. so in this way for us, we discuss this when the voices say that we want to protect ourselves or to close ourselves, but we did the opposite. if we show figures as partners despite the pandemic, the supply chain and the resilience shown through the supply chains ands not to close the borders and to have seniors to facilitate things, this gave results supplementary as marie said with
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some -- mary said with some pucketts. .. when we're capable of seeing the great opportunities instead of closing ourselves because we are afraid, and we protect our own things. we see this in a different way. i want to show you an example. the usmca in chapter 23 instead of saying that we were striving this to strengthen the labor
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reform, but with the ones that have made more progress for historical reasons like our counterparts, and they were -- this allowed us so our workers and companies to say this is the right path that we should take instead of killing herself. also women, to export in hard times. so what we had said that we have a big region where we can strengthen our self, don't be afraid, fear paralyzes us and we have less oxygen in our head if we have fear. they do very much. >> madam secretary, that phrase fear paralyzes, i think is an important one or all of us to
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keep in mind as a take on important challenges. minister ng, , is it anything yu would like to add? >> well, i would agree with both katherine and tatiana. i think that what underscores the opportunities for us is what we do domestically to support our businesses and i workers as best as we can. but what we do here is work collaboratively together to be as competitive as we can in all three of our country's. and i would agree there very much that it is this evolving ability that this very good framework in the new nafta that provides the conditions for us to keep building on making sure that this agreement really does, in fact, help us become the most competitive region in the world to this very opportunity and relationship that we've been working on together and no doubt
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i think what we've done is set the course for us to work together even more in the decades to come. >> that's great. and again as we begin we all recognize that this is been implemented during a challenging time economically. what i didn't want to let what i didn't want to let go by and i will ask it as a quick question, what can the private sector do to help each of you in -- and all of you in implementation and moving this forward so we can realize the promise that is u.s. and ca? ambassador todd: i'm going to tack onto your previous question of thought there, which is i want to call peoples attention to the fact that the usmca is probably the most pro-worker agreement out there, something
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the united states and canada should be proud of. i take your point about trade politics being difficult. they have been. look at u.s. mpa as a high standard agreement through the lens of 89% of house members voted for this agreement. it was 89 senators. it gives you 89% there as well. that is a transformation of some of our trade politics and it is the reason why usmca is transformational just as nafta started a trajectory of trade agreements for generations. i think usmca is the beginning of the trajectory for a new generation of trade agreements. do your specific question in terms of what the private sector and also what society can do, participate. i think one of the lessons i
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take certainly and the biden harris administration takes from the usmca and the renegotiation of the nafta is that an inclusive process can lead to a more inclusive outcome. that means taking the table we have and making a big table. you need to be there. as this is an society need to be there. this is the path i see for us. mr. green: secretary clouthier. ms. clouthier carrillo: i want to thank you when i say how we can help or what can we do. there are several schemes by which we can help. i am going to what the pandemic showed us and what the new agreement -- upgrade -- updated agreement is showing us.
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we have to move faster to the digitalization of the companies led by women that have been hit by this process and this is a key of supply chains. i raise my hand and request that we always need to see the rules of origin, the interpretation regarding how they have been implemented and understood so the supply chain --the rules of origin with original content will be made available to the three regions and not only made available to one group. thank you very much. mr. green: thank you. minister ng. ms. ng: to your question of how
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the private sector can help, i would agree with catherine. what are trade agreements for? they are for the condition -- to set the conditions for business to do business and to ensure there is prosperity for all people in our economy. that includes workers and small and medium-size businesses. they need to include women entrepreneurs, indigenous onto printers, racial entrepreneurs. that is what the framework is here for and we have a modernized agreement here that has provisions for labor, provisions for the environment, and chapters -- that includes small and medium-sized businesses. trade agreements work when the benefits of trade, when the economic drop growth accrues to all people -- job growth accrues to all people in our respective economies. this is very important that we continue to do our work bilaterally -- trilaterally.
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we also have in front of us how we in north america -- leaders and tackle issues like climate change. when you look at the rules of origin, it is incentivizing domestic production. that is going to create good, well-paying jobs for our workers. it is going to drive north american innovation and put high standards in manufacturing. what is encouraging here is in canada, you see general motors converted the very first production of electric vehicles. here is a large-scale auto plant conversion in this country. these are going to be the opportunities allowing us to work together and the integration of the supply chain -- i will end with a neat example. i use it often to describe canada, u.s., mexico
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relationships. i describe it as a hamburger. you can tell me what kind it is. it could be a canadian, mexican, or u.s. hamburger. it starts in andorra and gets processed in the united states. the bread is baked in mexico but it is canadian wheat. let us is from california. tomatoes are from mexico. here you go. you have a trilateral hamburger. this is how connected our economies are at the most basic but at the complex, which this agreement gets into, it is how all of us, including the private sector -- and i would agree it is engagement of the private sector and civil society, our workers, our unions -- we must make this work and it is about driving competition and dealing with forced labor.
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the only way we can do that is the three countries doing -- those that came before us put this agreement together and it has been modernized and has the support. there are going to be bumps in the road but i will share that this is not my quote either. the bumps are steppingstones to success. i think that really sets our relationship and i am very encouraged and optimistic of this relationship between canada, mexico, and the united states and i cannot think of better women to work with than catherine and tatiana. she is right. we finished all of those early. i take credit as women leading this darn thing appear to -- thing. mr. green: you have done well in politics. any time you can bring a hamburger into the discussion,
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you capture everybody in the audience. thank you to ambassador tai, secretary clouthier, and minister ng. thank you for your leadership but as you move forward, please note we stand ready to support you during this process. it is my pleasure, professional and personal, to turn things over to our next speaker. without the hard work of ranking member kevin brady and his colleagues, usmca would not have been ratified. they are part of the 89 you heard about moving us forward. i'm going to invite him to make a few brief remarks and we will engage with a brief discussion with him to talk about congress's role in implementation and what we see moving forward. congressman kevin brady has represented texas's eighth congressional district since 1997 and is the ranking member
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in the ways and means committee and previously chair the committee. i served with them and congress and can tell you he is one of the most eloquent advocates for trade and one of those who knows how to build coalitions on both sides of the aisle to advance the importance of trade, supply chains, and making sure we are taking up the important issues we are today. kevin, over to you for a few remarks. mr. brady: thank you, ambassador greenert, for the time. it is terrific to see you. i noticed that eastern texans are coming to green bay this august. mr. green: it's going to be busy this fall by the sound of that. >> thank you to the wilson center for hosting this. it is an honor to be here with so many leaders in trade. i at minor -- admire the three of you.
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your leadership, smart, tough negotiating and ability to find common ground makes them special. it is great to be on any type of event with these leaders. what better occasion than to come together for the first anniversary of a bipartisan convenient to benefit americans? are trading partners. -- our trading partners, too. i want to talk about how we arrived at the new agreement and what it promises for the future because as we rebuild our economy, we are better positioned to succeed because of this agreement. i got involved in trade at the mentorship of george h w bush and secretary james baker. i note president bush in october
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1992 joint leaders from mexico and canada for the original a great nafta agreement. he said -- -- original nafta agreement. at the time, i think nafta was extremely beneficial. it needs updating and modernizing. you need to care for it and upgrade it and make it work for the 21st century. we achieve that together. president trump signed the implementation act. he said this is for a new age and a state-of-the-art agreement that perfects -- protects and serves the great people of our country and he is right. this is a standard for trade agreements that builds on the good provisions of nafta.
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nearly all of them exported to canada. they opened this new market to the u.s. with wine and poultry. lots of key reforms in energy and telecommunication. i think it strengthens our partnership. it is a distortion caused by major nonmarket economies. it includes it protections for copyright, trademarks, and innovative provisions to ensure the enforcement that influences -- imposes national orders online. i believe it raises the -- labor standards around the world. the fact is it is fully enforceable in the environmental sector. it means cleaner and healthier planet. i appreciate usmca's presentation for small businesses, defining north america, key for all of this.
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it removes low value shipments important to our small businesses, requiresp consultation among government in how -- on how we can discuss issues. negotiating disagreement with difficult but it was the first step. implementing it will continue into the future. it lives up to our high expectations. i turned to the promise of tomorrow. will we always agree? no. that is why usmca has an effective dispute system to provide timely and fair resolutions. the system under nafta was broken. by allowing any party to block the formation of a dispute panel. this should not be optional. usmca fix that. -- fixes that.
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this upgrade, perhaps most importantly, applies to all aspects of the agreement. i intend to work closely with ambassador tai to make sure the u.s. uses this when appropriate. i think just because the attitude and the approach that all three of our trade leaders in the respective countries bring to the table, i think -- it depends on how effectively we protect our rights and work through these disputes. i know we have --the u.s. approach to canada, biotech products and investors managing mexico. our partners have issues to raise, as well. and i think while there are challenges, i am optimistic, because of this agreement, we can work through this in a way that affirms rigorous
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enforcement, but in a way that moves all three countries forward. i am confident the two secretaries will do so when they believe it is appropriate. at the end of the day, the 21st century upgrade reduced friction in trade. we are, i believe, able now better to work out our differences. workers, farmers, manufacturers, and service providers. it will boost trade within north america as we work to recover from our economy. perfect timing on implementation of this agreement. i know all this -- mark wanted to help those hardest hit by the
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pandemic return our neighbors and communities and families to prosperity and good health as quickly as we can. to do that, i think usmca helps us provide more stronger, more resilient supply chains, more resources. we can produce more goods, especially key medical products, medicines, supplies, ingredients to produce them. our economy and health depend on our medical independence from china in these key areas. i think we all benefit from increased reduction of pharmaceutical products, are crucial supply chains can be anchored in north america, running through our trading partners foremost with canada and mexico. i think, as mentioned, the
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passage of the usmca, and i credit my counterpart, the chairman, for his work and leadership that laid the foundation for future bipartisan trade legislation. we are in some ways building on this blueprint but i hope we do more. i know our counterparts in canada -- i am confident a skilled and strong negotiator will work with lawmakers in congress to advance our leadership in trade. she knows what it takes. bipartisanship tends to complicate transparency and after the historic bipartisan support, mark, one, i did not think i would live to see in trade. i was very encouraged by this. i just am convinced we can work together to do more.
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this will help us exit the pandemic crisis, frankly, stronger than we entered it. we do know, though, there is aggressive global competition. ag, goods and services markets. when we complete -- compete on a level playing field, we went investors across the world. we can still win when these challenges are not there, from china or elsewhere. we have to have partners continue to address massive subsidies, ip theft and technology transfers, unscientific barriers to agate products -- ag products, and localization measures. these are all of the challenges globally. i am convinced usmca shows us a better rate with market
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principles, high standards, innovation and fair competition, and strong labor standards. usmca challenges the world to embrace protectionist, isolationist pacts. i'm convinced our partnership will allow us to compete and when. i will continue to urge the biden administration to lead on trade in this world with a bold new trade agreement around the world. it will set the standard and e nhance trade going forward. i will close with this. i believe the future is bright under usmca. one year is an important milestone to celebrate. i am looking to so many more in ways that will advance prosperity and opportunity for our free country. with that, ambassador, thank you again for having me here today. mr. green: thank you, kevin.
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wonderful, optimistic note. i think, in some ways, you answer the question i was going to ask, and that -- whether or not the challenges presented by the pandemic and the exposure it brought about in our socratic supply chains made the case -- critical supply chains made the case for usmca. i will let you address that. let me take a step further. what are the prospects for taking usmca and going a little bit south? and not staying with north america but heading south from there? what do you think? mr. brady: one, i think the opportunity for resilient and reliable supply chains, especially the lessened -- lessons learned from covid, and we see people wanting to take advantage of the partnerships we have through the usmca and nafta to create those resilient supply
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chains and opportunities. you may recall i was before president bush on the central america free trade agreement as well as work with colombian others and i believe there is great opportunity here. i have worried a bit about the leftward turn from the countries we have dealt with. i would like -- i think to your point that you're trying to make, are there opportunities here in our hemisphere that are due a reset or a reengagement? i think the answer is heck yes and i look forward to working with our trade partners. i think congress has support for
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that, as well. mr. green: thank you for your time in your leadership. we will miss you but we will say that conversation for another try. you have a lot of work ahead of you. i want to thank all of our distinguished panelists for their participation and their excellent conversation and an uplifting one. i'm sure we have all come away with a deeper understanding of the impact and importance of usmca and again, i think the possibilities are going forward. before we close, i would like to turn it over to ambassador -- to provide an overview of the progress made by the work -- groupie chairs and our plans for the coming year. tony, over to you. >> thank you, very much. thank you to everybody who participated today. as ambassador green mentioned at the start, we have been very active over the past year. we have held over 20 events, public and private discussions of different aspects of the usmca and related north american
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cooperation. we put out about 20 papers, which you can find on the website. the mexico and canada institute at the wilson center. i encourage you to visit them. we intend to go forward over this next year with a continued series of public and private meetings. one of the things we try to do is have a series of private discussions, which are off the record, and have from all three countries, from the private sector and government and civil society so people can talk through some of the difficult issues and some of the important opportunities. we complement that by having public discussions, putting out public papers, that are open to a much broader audience. we look forward to all of you participating as we go forward and please let us know if you are interested in participating.
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i just mentioned three things that came out of all these meetings that constantly cut across the discussions. one is the importance of the certainty provided by usmca and the importance of stakeholders. they really want to see this agreement implemented and enforced going forward. we would like to say problem solved through dialogue. if that is not possible, they want people to use the dispute settlement mechanisms that exist and see how they work. secondly, there was a constant theme that, as we are moving forward, it is really important to have a dialogue between governments and stakeholders. that will happen between individual governments and their own stakeholders in their own countries but the people we talked with say there is an enriching possibility you can do this in the trilateral context or if it is a question of borders, the northern or
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southern borders, that there is a lot to be gained from inviting stakeholders to participate, build support for the process, and get really good ideas. the third was a, that for sure trade ministers are in charge of this and they are implementing usmca but when they start trying to find solutions to these problems, it really is only going to be done well if other agencies get involved, by all three governments. for example, the trade ministries are not in charge of borders. you need to have others involved. this is true in all areas. there is really a stress on having a whole of government approach and then particularly, as the three countries start looking at the competitors' issues and a lot of people were excited about this part of the usmca, looking forward and as the world changes, as technology
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changes, as several of our ministers said, you have to change a little bit the way you are applying this agreement and think about it in different ways and that is going to take other agencies and it is even going to take to direct -- direction from the heads of government in all three countries. there was enthusiasm for getting back to an occasional north american leader summit that helps set priorities. there is a lot to do, going forward. we intend to be active. we look forward to hearing from you as we do so. ed to have you participate with us. let us know your thoughts. a queue for being with us today. and we look forward to the usmca taking off in the second year. our reminder that we are going to start reviewing the progress in five years. that is one of the neat things about it. there is a review process built in. we need to get busy and think
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about how things are working. thank you very much. all the best. >> c-span shop.org -- cs panshop.org is c-span's online score -- store. you will support our nonprofit operations and you can still order the congressional directory with contact information for members of congress and the biden administration. go to cspanshop.org. >> representative mike turner spoke about the militaries missile defense and nuclear deterrence at -- an event hosted by the hudson institute. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2021] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >>

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