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tv   Census Bureau Holds News Conference on 2020 Count  CSPAN  April 27, 2021 2:14am-3:16am EDT

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this conference is almost one hour. >> good afternoon. welcome to the briefing. today we will release the population counts. i will serve as moderator for the program. some things have changed since we released the results last decade.
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many households learned about the 2020 census online, completed the questionnaire online. today, we come together online to share the results. one thing has not changed. the commitment to protecting the privacy of those who responded to the census and our commitment to provide information to help shape our future. we will have a brief look back at the 2020 census and then, population results. we will take questions from credentialed media. welcome, madam secretary. >> i am thrilled to join you. the census plays a vital role in our democracy and i am proud of the work census bureau has done
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to complete the census. it is a wonderful witness of the work that is coming to fruition. i want to thank staff of the census bureau. without you, today would not have been possible. 2020 brought unprecedented challenges, the pandemic, wildfires, the most active hurricane season on record and civil unrest. the census bureau had to adapt operations to confront these challenges. the civil servants of the census bureau with the assistance of state and local governments and community groups managed to overcome these hurdles and conduct a complete and accurate census count. today, we express our gratitude to you and let you know how proud we are of your work. i want to thank the american people for their participation
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in the census. the census bureau has worked hard over the last year. a complete and accurate count would not have been possible without those who took the few minutes to respond. to those that responded, thank you for participating in democracy. as a former governor, i know firsthand how critical data is for our community. we know it is used to determine how many representatives each state has in congress. but it is used for much more than that. state and local officials, federal officials, nonprofits use census data to make decisions that have direct impact on our lives. we use it to decide how many teachers we need, how much funding for public housing, where to locate a business or health clinic, where to build new roads.
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we use the data to make sure the economy is working for everyone. data is vital and we are lucky to have the best and brightest statisticians who have worked tirelessly this past decade. i trust these experts. i am confident of this work. earlier today i had the , privilege of transmitting the counts for each state to the president. per the constitution, these counts determine the apportionment of seats in the u.s. house of representatives. this is a unique ritual that has occurred only 23 other times in u.s. history. i assured the president the census is complete and accurate. president biden will deliver the count and results to congress as required by law. our work is not over yet. we look forward to delivering the redistricting data no later than september 30. thank you for having me today
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and congratulations on completing another census. >> thank you. this is a historic moment that happens once every 10 years. it is my honor to represent the hard-working staff who spent countless hours to ensure everyone was counted, especially during the covid-19 pandemic. i want to thank everyone who responded during these times. when the first census was conducted in 1790, congress expected about 2 million people to be living in the country. when they results came back, the population exceeded over 3.9 million. overnight, the number of congressional representatives grew by 40. the number was so much larger than anticipated, they had to add on to independence hall to house the new lawmakers. the first census was a critical step to build the foundation of our democracy. it continues to be a cornerstone
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of our growing nation. through war, times of great social and technological change, and during a global pandemic, our nation has taken the census every 10 years as directed by our constitution. the census is a massive operation that takes years to plan and it takes a community to see it come to fruition. in addition to the dedicated staff, we had the support of hundreds of thousands of national and local partners and we had the help of our respondents, who spent a few minutes completing the form. the count began in january 2020 in an alaskan village. we counted the first person in the 2020 census there. march 12, 2020, invitations to respond to the census began to arrive in mailboxes across the country. less than one week later, states across the nation began imposing stay-at-home orders.
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we knew we needed to adapt. we adapted operations to protect health and safety of staff and public. we adjusted schedules to ensure high-quality statistics. later, we adapted to hurricanes and wildfires. through this, we remain flexible and practical and persistent so we can conduct the 2020 census count. we were pleased to see how two thirds of the nation completed the census on their own. trying to reach as many as possible, we extended the communications campaign and developed new ads reflecting life during the pandemic. we advertised on pizza boxes instead of during basketball games. we expanded from 13 non-english languages to 46 languages to assist in reaching undercounted populations. we mailed reminders to respond,
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emailed households in low responding areas, and worked with colleges and universities to ensure their students were counted in the right place. we worked to get more people to respond, especially in historically undercounted areas. census takers have a hard job. trying to count people during a pandemic made it more challenging. in order to count the remaining households that did not respond on their own, our census takers went out to those addresses equipped with masks and iphones and collected responses from households or from knowledgeable neighbors. when we could not get a response, we were able to use information households already provided, such as through past responses, tax returns, or other government records. as we move into the results, i want to note we appreciate the public's patience as we took the appropriate amount of time to ensure the accuracy and quality of the count.
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let's get to the results you have been waiting for. the 2020 census took a snapshot of all people living in the united states on april 1, 2020. the results are in. according to the census, the number of people living in the united states was 331,449,281. this represents a -- an increase of 7.4%. this growth rate is lower than the previous growth rate of 9.7% between the 2000 and 2010 census . the growth rate is the second slowest in u.s. history. the 7.4% increase in population this decade was slightly more than the 7.3% increase between 1930 and 1940.
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the south grew the fastest, with a 10.2% increase in population, followed by the west. the northeast grew faster this decade than between 2000 and 2010 while the other three regions grew slower this decade than the last. when looking across the states, we see large variations in population sizes. the state with the largest resident population was california with over 39 million people. the state with the smallest population was wyoming, with 506,000 people. the 10 least populist states had
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between .5 million and 1.4 million. the population of most states grew in the last 10 years. three states lost population. west virginia having the largest rate of decrease at 3.2%. the district of columbia grew. puerto rico's population decreased by 11.8%. decreased. let's get to the apportionment results. the purpose of the census is congressional apportionment, the process of distributing seats in the u.s. house of
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representatives amongst the states every year in a way that is proportional to the population. since 1941, the method of equal proportions will be used to assign house seats to the states. while the law does not require the census bureau to calculate the number of seats each state will get, we do it as a courtesy to the president. the 2020 census apportionment population includes the number of people living in the 50 states plus the overseas population, which is a count of federal employees living overseas and dependents living with them who are allocated to a home state. since 1940, the regional trend for apportionment has been an increase in the number of house seats in the south and west and a loss of seats for the north and midwest.
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since 1940, there has been a combined shift of 84 seats to the south and west. the effect of the 2020 population counts was a shift of seven seats among 13 states, which is the smallest number shifting in any decade since the current method of calculating apportionment was adopted in 1941. six states will gain seats. texas will gain two. colorado, florida, montana, north carolina, and oregon will each gain one seat. seven states will lose one seat in the house. california, illinois, michigan, new york, ohio, pennsylvania, and west virginia. the number of seats for the remaining 37 states will not change.
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the states that will have the most representatives in congress are california with 52 seats. texas with 38 seats. florida with 28 seats. new york with 26 seats. these states are the most populous in the u.s., each having more than 20 million people. those states will hold about one third of the total seats in the house of representatives. each of the six least populist states will have less than one million people and will have only one seat. after the first apportionment incurred based on the 1790 census, each member of the house represented roughly 34,000 people. now, the average population size based on the 2020 census will be
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761,169, an increase per representative when compared to the average of 710,767 per representative based on the 2010 census. those were the first results of the 2020 census. we have taken the time we needed to produce the statistics that we in the public expects. no census is perfect, but we are confident the results meet our high data quality standards. we would not be releasing them otherwise. the census bureau is committed to sharing what we know, when we know it, to help the nation understand the quality of the results. despite the challenges of the pandemic, the accuracy of these results are comparable to recent censuses. we had numerous quality checks and have conducted one of the most comprehensive reviews in recent census history during data processing. later today, we will release the next set of metrics and indicators. this afternoon's release will be unprecedented.
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-- unprecedented and how soon we were able to provide the metrics down to the state level. this is one of the many ways we assess the quality. while our assessments will not change the results, they will inform and influence planning for the next census. we are looking forward to sharing more population results with you later this year, including redistricting data, statistics on age, sex, race, and ethnicity and details on the center of population. the results for u.s. island areas will be provided in a separate release at a later date. states, as well as the public will receive the data they need , to begin redistricting by august 16. the census bureau will deliver the data kit. covid-19-related delays and prioritizing the delivering of these results today delayed our
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original plan. i want to thank our hard-working staff for everything they have done to ensure the delivery of today's data. i want to thank the millions of people who completed the census on their own or provided information to our census takers. thank you. michael, back to you. michael: we will begin taking questions from credentialed media about the 2020 census population results. members of the media who registered received a phone number from our eventbrite account. when asking a question, include your name and media affiliation. operator, please provide instructions for calling in. >> if you would like to ask a
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question, press star one, state your name and media affiliation. michael: thank you to all of the speakers. the results discussed today are available on our website. you will find many materials related [no audio] let me introduce our census bureau matter experts. we have our acting director of the census bureau, the associate director for -- centers. the associate director for demographic programs and our
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lead technical expert for the 2020 census apportionment in the population division. operator, we are ready for our first question. >> the first line is from mike. your line is open. >> this is mike schneider with the associated press. the estimate showed texas was supposed to gain three seats but only gained two. florida was supposed to gain two but only gained one. what is your theory on why these states did not get the extra seats? both have sizable hispanic populations. is there concern hispanics in the states were overlooked? >> i'm going to have ron speak to that. also knowing the demographic
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experts might have background information to give you as well. ron: thank you for the question. we did a thorough job, especially in those areas, making sure we counted everybody. we saw from our population estimates that population growth had slowed significantly. some folks, the projections might have been based on slightly higher population growth projections. but i am not the demographer on the call so maybe i will turn it over to tony or karen for more insight. karen: what i will mention is for the state of texas and for the state of florida, the 2020 census counts were below our population estimates. for texas and florida, the difference between the 2020 census count and the estimate was about 1%.
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they were still close. but the 2020 cats were slightly lower than the population estimates. >> thank you. operator, do we have our next caller? >> our next question comes from politico. >> thank you for taking questions. we saw a rhode island did not lose a seat. joe we have any explanation on why? what is the level of confidence given everything that has happen given the pandemic and changes in schedule? >> i will pass that to our demographic experts.
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they will talk about the quality of our data and then specifically your questions that ask about the apportionment results. >> we are confident in the data. we measure the quality in many different ways. one of the ways we measure it is to compare to our population estimates. they are based on the last census, adding births, taking out deaths, accounting for migrations. most states are within 1% of the population estimates, which makes us feel very good about the census count. >> thank you for that line of questioning. do we have our next caller? >> our next question comes from star tribune. >> i was wondering if someone could talk about how the seats
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that were narrowly expected to lose like minnesota, how it held on? could higher participation have contributed? >> our demographic expert will talk about the count. those states that lost a seat or are on the verge of gaining a seat. >> thank you for that question. when i repeat what my colleagues said, we are confident in the quality of the data and we have worked hard to ensure the data we are using to calculate apportionment is correct. as far as how certain scenarios may have impacted the results of apportionment, we do not tend to speculate on that.
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we just use the accounts that come from the decennial consensus after they have been finalized. so we will continue to look into the quality of the data as we move forward. >> thank you for that question. do we have our next caller? >> the st. louis post dispatch, your line is open. >> i just need some basic data points from you. can you tell me what the population of missouri is and what the population of illinois is? >> i am going to suggest, if you do not mind, we have public affairs specialists.
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if you can contact them, we will get you those numbers right away so you can file your story. >> ok. can you still hear me? >> we can. >> is it not searchable on your data portal right now? >> we are conducting a live conference and some of our estimates do not have the database at their fingertips. to expedite getting you that response, i wanted you to reach out to our public information office, if that is all right. >> i will do that. thank you. >> thank you. operator, can we have our next caller? >> dan, pbs public broadcasting, your line is open. >> can you hear me? >> loud and clear. >> new york specifically, i am
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not sure if you know, is there any indication of where new york's population is going in terms of which states they are moving to? can any of you tell me how close new york was to losing a second congressional seat? >> we have information on that. i will pass that over to our demographic expert. >> thank you. >> i was going to say we do know from our population estimate that the state of new york has experienced negative net domestic migration. meaning more people were moving out of the state of new york over the last decade than moving in. i do not have information on which states people were moving to. that is something that could be
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discussed with subject matter experts at the census bureau. new york were between the 2010 census and the 2020 census by about 4.2%. >> thanks for that. >> i was going to follow-up on the last part of the question. how close new york was. if new york had had 89 more people, they would have received one more seat instead of the last state that received their last seat, the last seat went to minnesota. new york was next in line. if you do the equation that determines how many, they would have needed 89 people. that is if you hold the population over all other states constant.
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>> if we had counted 89 more people in new york state and assumed every other state was constant, we would not have lost a seat? >> correct. >> thanks. >> thank you. operator, do we have our next caller? >> jim baker from jb wire.com, your line is open. >> can you hear us? >> hello? sorry. this is jim jacobs.
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tv wire.com. i want to be more california centric. can you talk about that shifting demographics in the state of california, inflow versus outflow, how close were we to losing a potential second seat, or how close were we to not losing one seat, if that makes sense. >> i will turn that back over to our demo experts. >> with the state of california, what i can tell you is that from our population estimates program, over the last decade, california has experienced natural increase. they were able to gain population because there were more births than deaths. they also had positive net international migration but they
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had negative net domestic migration, meaning there were more people moving out of california than into california. so that contributed to the population count in the census. >> thank you. do we have our next caller? i'm sorry, go ahead. >> he is waiting for the rest of the answer. he asked about how close california was. i can tell you there are 435 seats. if you continue down the rankings, california was at number 441. that is about six steps down from gaining the next seats. >> thank you. do we have our next caller? >> 40/29 news, your line is open.
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>> i am not sure if you can answer the specifics. i am calling about arkansas and oklahoma, states in the south, they are next to big states like texas that have seen an increase in population. have you seen data about growth in those states, why they haven't received congressional seats and why they haven't lost any either? >> i will pass this over to our demographic experts. >> in terms of why a state has not gained or lost a seat, it depends on the population distribution for any given decennial census. if the population in relation to the other states hasn't changed,
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they will not gain or lose a seat. >> thank you for that. do we have our next caller? >> politico, your line is open. >> can you talk about the in migration, outmigration of illinois and how close was it to losing a second seat? is there a chance block by block information will be released a little earlier than september? >> we will take this back to our demographic experts for a little explanation. be mindful of the fact that the set of data released today is only down to the state level as far as geography. there will be more to come and more details to follow as we disseminate the results.
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>> i will start. illinois was one of the three states that lost population over the last decade. we know from our population estimates program, the state of illinois had negative net domestic migration. more people moved out and moved in. -- than moved in. i will turn it over to kristen to talk about the next part of your question. >> as far as how close they were to losing another seat, i do not have that on me. that would require me to look above 435 to see how close they were. when i look at the states below, illinois is not among them. they were not close to getting to not losing a seat, if that
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makes sense. >> do we have our next caller? >> chicago sun-times, your line is open. >> i want to follow-up with my colleagues from missouri and the illinois playbook. could you make it clearer -- i was there really a loss in illinois or is it that other states just had such a big gains that even if we held steady, we might have lost a seat? was it really our loss, or was it because other seats gained more than we lost a seat? >> we cannot speculate.
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it is about the distribution overall. what you are stating could be true, but without digging into it more deeply, we would not know the reason why one state loses or gains. the calculation is done as a whole on all the states together and how they are proportionately related. theoretically, if certain states gained a lot more than other states, proportionally, they would be more likely to gain seat. -- seats. >> thank you. do we have our next caller? >> roxanne with wabe news. >> thank you. can you hear me? >> loud and clear. >> how far off was georgia in gaining or losing a seat?
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>> thank you for that question. we will have our demo experts answering that question. georgia gaining or losing a seat. >> i don't know how close they were above the number seat as to whether they might have lost or not gained one, but when we go below the number 435 to see the states that almost received another seat, they are not on that list of the next 10 states. they were not close to receiving one more than they got. >> thank you for that. do we have our next caller? >> indiana gazette, your line is open.
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>> it is indiana, pennsylvania. i don't know what specifics you have for the keystone state. did pennsylvania again population but not enough to offset the loss of a seat? >> thank you for that. let me toss this over to demo. for all of the callers who are calling about specifics in relationship to totals of population change and things of that nature, i want to remind everyone that after today's dues conference, we will be posting our news release that will assist you in finding those discrete variables. and you can always reach out to the public information office if you don't get to ask your question during today's news
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conference, we are more than willing to help you get those answers. >> i just checked one of the tables that may be posted online, or maybe has been posted online. for pennsylvania, it was 2.4% increase between 2010 and 2020 census. was there more to the question? i cannot remember. >> is the caller still there? i think that addresses it. thank you for that. do we have our next caller? >> mississippi broadcasting, your line is open.
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>> which states -- i heard you say the south saw the largest growth in population. which state saw the largest growth, and in that region, which state saw the lowest rates? >> we will take that data question back to our demo experts to see if they have that information at their fingertips. >> i do not have the list of the states within the south that have the largest increase, but i have the top five states that had the largest percent increase and that was utah, idaho, texas, north dakota, and nevada. they had the largest percent increase between 2010 and 2020. >> thank you. operator, do we have our next caller? >> mark with the oakland press,
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your line is open. >> want to talk about michigan losing one seat in the u.s. house. how close were they to losing two seats and talk about what led to losing one seat. >> i do not have what is above the 435, but the next 10 states in the ranking that just missed getting another seat, michigan is number 444, which means they could have been closer to not losing a seat. i want to mention that for all
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of these questions about how close a state was and if you want to see the quote i am talking about, which i do not have in front of me that are above 435, on the webpage, there is a priority values table that should be posted and that will give you the ranking order of all of the seats and the states that just missed below it. >> thank you. it is important for people to be able to see themselves in the data. especially with the release that we are putting out today. >> columbus, ohio experiences significant gr
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how nitty-gritty can you get in terms of where ohio is lagging in population growth? and what is holding the state back? >> all of the reporters and media outlets covering the release, the release takes us down to the state level. we talk about populations and values and count. there is more to come with the 2020 census in the future when we get below the state level, which will give you insights into some of the questions you are asking. i will turn it over to demo and allow them to give you information they have. >> what we can tell you is about ohio's growth as a state. the population grew by 2.3% over
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the last decade. once we have our next data release, we will be able to look more within the state and look at different areas of growth and see how it developed faster or slower and make those comparisons at that time. >> can you say how ohio matches up with the rest of the midwest? >> we showed information earlier today that shows that the midwest and the northeast, their growth overall was 3% to 4% over the last decade, in comparison to the south and west where we saw 9.2% and 10.2% growth. >> hopefully you can hear me.
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my colleague in michigan knocked out some of the questions i was curious about. states that were impacted more severely from the pandemic, did not create any sort of disproportional impact on the ability to accurately record counts in those states? michigan has had a significant struggle with that. >> we can give you a little bit about the data. if possible, i would like to allow al to give us information about the quality of the information, in particular the impacts due to the pandemic. the things we did to ensure a complete and accurate count. >> thank you. >> we worked very hard to coordinate data from the cdc,
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from state and local governments to make sure when we sent people out into the field, we were sending them out at a time when the local community would tolerate or be more open to door-to-door enumeration. we found that by delaying some field operations, we were able to go into the field and successfully collect data in areas that had high covid impacts early in the covid outbreak and we feel confident we did a good job of collecting data in spite of the covid-19 outbreak. >> thank you, al. do we have our next caller? >> rachel, nbc 26, your line is open. >> thank you for taking questions. i has emailed that email to get data. is there anything wisconsin-specific you can
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share? the midwest you said was the slowest region in terms of growth. just curious if there is any insight you could share about wisconsin. >> let's check in with demo and see what light we can shed on the midwest. and wisconsin specifically. >> wisconsin had a 3.6% increase in population between 2010 and 2020, which is in line with the midwest as a whole. do you want to add anything? >> i don't think we have additional data at our fingertips at this moment for wisconsin. >> do we have our next caller?
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>> olivia winslow, your line is open. >> thank you for taking my call. i got the numbers for the pio office. i wanted clarification in the name of the demographer who made the statement. i am in new york. i am concerned, interested in the new york result. the demographer mentioned that if new york had 89, just 89 more people, it would have not lost a congressional seat? confirm that please and tell me the name of the person who said it. >> this is michael cook. that was kristin. if you go to our press kit, you will see her name and title. >> 89 people? that 1% differential you were
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talking about, 89 people would be much less than that. wow. that is a big loss for just 89 people. does anybody want to comment on that? >> i can confirm the number when you calculate it is 89. however, it is part of the standard of the method of equal proportions. it depends on the overall proportions of all the states within the nation. for example, it is not unusual for there to be a small margin like that. in 1970, utah only needed 231 people to move up from 436 to 435. >> thank you for that. do you have our next caller?
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>> columbus dispatch, your line is open. >> can you hear me? >> loud and clear. >> i wanted to ask about ohio. i know you spoke with a reporter about new york. where did ohio sit on that chart? if new york was just below the line, was ohio 1000 people off or closer to we barely kept from losing two seats, if that makes sense. >> it does make sense. let me toss this over to kristin. to see if we have that information in front of her and if she doesn't, we will work on getting that for you from our pio call-in number. >> ohio was next in line behind new york. they were at ranking 437.
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they were close, as well, to receiving one more seat than they did. >> thanks for that. >> howard fisher, your line is open. >> thank you. i appreciate you taking calls. a lot of us are waiting for some of the data to be posted. we need to be parochial. arizona was one of the fastest growing states historically and yet we did not gain an anticipated seat. how off or we in terms of having that whatever it was to get a 10th seat? >> i will let demo speak to that line of questioning about your state.
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>> for arizona, they were ranking 440 as far as the states that were just below the cut off to receive one more seat than they would have. i do not have the number in front of me as far as how much they would need. >> we were not as close as ohio and new york. it is not even a question that we were just below the line. we just did not get there. >> correct. >> great. when we get this posted -- i keep hitting refresh on the kit -- we will have the specifics in terms of all of that state-by-state? >> there is a table called priority values for the 2020 census.
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it will be closer to the bottom of the 2020 census apportionment results webpage, which should be live soon and you should be able to get to it from the press kit webpage. that will show you all of the rankings. the rankings from seat 51 to about 460. so you will be able to see how far below. >> and to the extent that somebody in the office will get that posted, you might end up avoiding a lot of these questions. thank you. >> operator, do we have our next caller? >> michelle, your line is open. >> i have two questions. >> are you there, michelle?
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are you there, michelle? >> looks like she may have gotten disconnected. >> ok. next caller, please. >> the next question comes from univision. your line is open. >> can you hear me? >> loud and clear. >> there was an increase in texas population. do we know if the hispanic population increased, too? >> i will let demo shed some
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light on that data for the population of texas. >> at this point, we have processed population totals and we are beginning a process of processing the characteristics data collected in the 2020 census, data on race, hispanic origin, age and sex. at this point in time, we do not have final numbers to share about the hispanic population at this time. >> thank you for that question and response. we are going to take our last question. >> our last question comes from frank lockwood with arkansas democrat gazette. your line is open. >> i was wondering if you could talk about what the south is seeing as far as immigration,
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live births, and also, you have a chart that shows priority values for the 2020 census apportionment, there are three arkansas places on there. can you explain how the priority value system works? >> thank you for that line of questioning about priority values. >> i think it is kristin that is the expert. >> i can answer the part about the priority values. if karen wants to follow up to talk about population for the south, she can. the priority values, the way the map works is we calculate numbers, priority values, based
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on each state's population and the number of potential seats each state could receive and we calculate as many of those could potentially be received up to 70. we rank all of those values and take number 51 through 435 and assigned to each state. any state that had a number below that 435 did not get another seat. you can read more about this in more detail in the blogs we put out today about how we calculate apportionment. >> in terms of the population growth in the south, there are different reasons for the growth. i don't have aggregated statistics just for the south. there are states like texas and florida that are experiencing
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natural increase. these types of states are also experiencing a lot of net migration via people moving internationally into those states or people moving domestically into those states. there are more moving into the state than people moving out of the state. >> thank you to all of the speakers. all of the results are available on our website at census.gov. you will find many materials related to the results including a blog, news release and links. in about two hours, we will release the next set of metrics through an interactive dashboard along with a blog. additional quality indicators will be available.
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please visit census.gov to access information. members of the media, please contact pio@census.gov or call for additional questions.re to
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say when we rollout the speech. a couple items at the top. today the department of , agriculture and the secretary announced the historic expansion of the summer and then the ebt

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