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tv   U.S. House of Representatives U.S. House  CSPAN  April 15, 2021 11:59am-4:00pm EDT

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resistant to vaccines? dr. kessler: it's a very important question, congresswoman. we are studying, we're monitoring the efficacy of the current vaccines against these variants. as my colleagues, i'm sure will join in, luckily, against these variants, we're seeing clinical evidence of strong efficacy. even though these current vaccines work against these variants, we are taking steps to develop next-generation vaccines that are directed against these variants if in fact they could be more effective. >> this hearing continues live on our website, c-span.org. we do have to leave it here to fulfill our long time commitment to live house coverage. members are meeting today to debate a deal for equal pay for men and women doing the same job. now live coverage of the house here on c-span.
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[captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2021] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] the speaker pro tempore: the house will be in order. the chair lays before the house a communication from the speaker. the clerk: the speaker's rooms, washington, d.c. april 15, 2021. i hereby appoint the honorable angie craig to act as speaker pro tempore on this day. signed, nancy pelosi, speaker
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of the house of representatives. the speaker pro tempore: the prayer will be offered by chaplain kibben. chaplain kibben: would you pray with me. blessed are we who trust in the lord. but, o god, trust is so hard for us to master. we trust that you have called us here, but do we? for if we did we would be as content as a tree planted by water. and yet we find that when the heat comes, the heat of our moments, the heat of our anger, inwardly we find ourselves thirsty for respite, fearful for ourselves and our survival. may we in these moments lean not on our own understanding, our own perceptions of progress, purpose, and success, but may we submit ourselves, our whole being over to you that you would make straight
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the paths we should take. lift up our eyes that we would see and take the opportunity to appreciate those who travel with us on this path called life. may we trust you enough to trust them, even when they seem geared up for a different journey with different challenges. nonetheless, you in your providence have directed that our paths be joined. help us to trust that our fellow sojourners are companions you have provided to conjoel and comfort, to spar and support along the way, but always partners in service to you. grant that we would find ways to trust and love each other, that together we will unite our resources until you bring us when our work is done together in your loving embrace. in your sovereign name we pray, amen.
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the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to section 11-a of house resolution 188, the jurem of the last day's proceedings is approved. the pledge of allegiance will be led by the gentlewoman from nevada, miss susi lee. ms. lee: i pledge allegiance to the flag of the united states of america and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. the speaker pro tempore: the chair will receive a message. the messenger: madam speaker, a message from the president of the united states. the secretary: madam speaker. the speaker pro tempore: madam secretary. the secretary: i am dreakted by the president of the united states to deliver to you, the house of representatives, a message in writing. the speaker pro tempore: the chair will entertain one minutes on each side of the aisle.
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for what purpose does the gentleman from rhode island seek recognition? mr. langevin: madam speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman will put his mask back on. mr. langevin: my apologies. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. langevin: madam speaker, i rise to honor sean a passionate advocate for people's with disabilities whose life was cut short after a courageous battle with cancer. he was my friend and we were kindred spirits. at the age of 27 sean was in a car accident that left him paralyzed. instead of allowing that experience to defeat him, he used it to help others overcome their own obstacles and reach their full potential. in 1997, he founded stand among
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friends, a nonprofit dedicated to improving the quality of life for people with spinal cord injuries and more broadly improving employment outcomes so that people with disabilities could live life without limits. that was sean's philosophy, a life without limits. he applied it to everything he did. whether providing assistance through staying among friends, establishing a disability resource certainty at florida atlantic university, or advocating for legislation in congress, sean demonstrated his unwavering commitment to improving the quality of life for individuals with disabilities everywhere. i was proud to call sean a friend. although his life was cut far too short, his legacy will live on through his work and his loving family. thank you, mr. speaker. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from florida rise? >> mr. speaker, i would like to
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ask for unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. and revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> thank you. i rise today to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the bay of pigs invasion. specifically to honor the men of brigade 2506. ms. salazar: selfless men, many teenagers at the time, volunteered to safe the island of cuba on april 17, 1961, from communism. 114 brigadiers and four american soldiers were killed in action by the brutal castro regime. while thousands of others, including my grandmother, were waiting on the island for these freedom fighters, were arrested, killed on the firing squad, or sent into exile. for the miami community exile that i represent, these are a moral point of reference, our heroes. and reminders how the cuban people continue to suffer under a ruthless communist dictatorship led by the castro
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brothers. i am proud to join congressman mario diaz-balart introducing a bipartisan resolution honoring the brigadiers, and i urge my colleagues in congress to co-sponsor a resolution to join us in our fight for freedom, democracy, and human rights in the only communist bastion in the western hemisphere, the island of cuba. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentle person from nevada sook recognition? >> to address the house for one minute. and extend and revise my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, >> thank you. i rise today on the hundreds of thousands of nevadans who are still struggling to put food on the table. i rise for those who can't bear to look at their children in the eye when they are asked what's for dinner. ms. lee: right now in my home state of nevada where our economy has been devastated by this pandemic, 304,000 adults say that they don't have enough
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food to eat. of that, 132,000 say their children don't have enough to eat. this is entirely unacceptable. there is no excuse for a child to go hungry in our country, but i'm glad that-dirnl' glad to say that help is here. the american rescue plan will cut child poverty in half through payments, bolster child tax credits, and the expansion of food assistance programs. for the first time in a long time, millions of children across this country will be lifted out of poverty and allowed a stable and secure childhood. we all know that our children are our future and the smartest investment we can make is in them, which is just one of the many reasons i am proud to support the american rescue plan. with that i yield. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentle person from kansas seek recognition? >> mr. chairman, i rise to ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks.
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the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> i rise today to discuss the southern border. president biden's policies paved the way for this full scale crisis. he promised outright citizenship to more than 11 million illegal immigrants, placed a moratorium on deportations. i went to the southern boardtory witness firsthand this crisis last week. i saw scared children. under the biden administration, mexican cartels are the winners. cartels are making hundreds of millions of dollars exploiting children as unaccompanied minors crushing the border has doubled. i saw overwhelmed facilities and border agents. tks migrant facilities are over 700% capacity and 40% of the agents are being pulled away from burdener patrol to process unaccompanied children. i watched agents place $8 million cartel smuggled drugs on the table and the cartel will throw children in the rio grande to avoid being apprehended. we must end these policies, secure our border through a
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barrier and adhere to and modernize our country's immigration system. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentle person from minnesota rise? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> mr. speaker, last year the cares act delivered relief checks to millions. mrs. craig: families were disappointed to learn that their dependent adult children weren't eligible to receive support. including the harris family in eagan, minnesota. debbie and victor are proud parents to their wonderful son, josh, who has complex medical needs. expenses are constant for the harris family. home care nurses and their two grown sons provide 24-hour care for josh. despite that, as an adult disabled dependent, josh didn't qualify for relief. it was exactly stories like
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that why i introduced the all dependent children count act and pushed to ensure that josh and millions of other adult children can receive the relief they deserve. i'm so proud we were finally able to get this in the american rescue plan. and give families like the harrises an additional 1400. allowing them the freedom and support to enjoy some well deserved time in minnesota's great outdoors. thank you so much. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. for what purpose does the gentleman from kentucky rise? >> address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: wowed. >> mr. speaker, as a young farmer i knew of james r. cash at an early age. he was a ledgend in the agriculture community and household name in west kentucky. his farm auctions were always the highest grossing sales everywhere and regularly atened by farmers from six states. as an aspiring politician, james r. and caroline took me
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in and were instrumental in the development of my organization in western contract c james r. always put my campaign signs up all over my very large congressional district, especially en route to fancy farm. mr. comer: he hosted events, and always allows me to stay in his guest house. he was extremely successful in business life. his great legacy will live on in his three children. i'm extremely blessed to work in washington with caroline who definitely inherited her father's intelligence, patience, and management skills. west kentucky has lost a great entrepreneur, father, husband, and role model. james r. cash will be deeply missed by everyone who ever knew him. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. for what purpose does the gentleman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to recognize the med field moddy as a national exemplar for returning kids to full in
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person learning. by following the latest public health science drawing on the best science and technology and building trust across students, teachers, administrators, parents, and nurses, schools are returning to full in person learning safely. as a recent visit i watched nurses test and screen students with minimal disruption and felt firsthand the relief of students and teachers to be back in the classroom. for their academic and growth, our students deserve an education off zoom and in the classroom. the medfield model shows we can keep students physically and meptally healthy. i am pleased to see schools in my district leading the way. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from arizona seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> mr. speaker, 30 days ago i invited mr. biden to yuma county in my district to view the firsthand crisis his open border policies have created. my invitation was as urgent as it was sincere. the crisis along the southern border has only gotten
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substantially worse. illegal alien crozzings are at a 15-year high. border facilities are 1700% over capacity. 5,000 illegal aliens crossing the border have prior criminal records. mr. biden recently named kamala harris as the crisis manager for the border crisis he created. under her watch the problem was gotten worse. over 172,000 illegal alien apprehensions have occurred, including 20,000 unaccompanied minors taken into custody in march. the highest monthly total in the history of the united states. and it's much greater. the situation is called a disaster. mr. gosar: this needs to stop. we need to order restore to the border and faithful execution of existing federal laws. to date mr. biden has not spahn -- responded to my invitation. i stand here on the floor to invite them to see what my constituents are experiencing from this surge of illegal border crossings. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. for what purpose does the
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gentlelady from north carolina seek recognition? >> i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, ms. adams: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today in honor of the fourth annual black maternal health week. as a founder and co-chair of the black maternal health caucus, i want to take this time to speak briefly about the black maternal health crisis in america where black mommas are disproportionately and needlessly dying. across the country black women are dying from preventable related pregnancy complications at three to four times the rate of nonhispanic white women. 60% of black maternal deaths are preventable. research suggests that the cumulative stress of racism and sexism undermines black women's health making them more vulnerable to complications that endanger their lives and the lives of their infants. unfortunately, current health care practices are inadequate in addressing the health consequences of living with minutes on stress.
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the black maternal omnibus act of 2021 a package of 12 bills will address every dimension of the maternal health crisis in america. to save lives, and racial and ethnic disparities in maternal health outcomes this. crisis demands urgent attention and serious attention to save the lives of black mothers, women of color, and other marginalized women across the country. i urge my colleagues and this congress to stand together with me to ensure that our mothers and babies have the resources they need not only to survive but to thrive. black mommas can't wait and neither will we. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? >> request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> thank you. mr. speaker, i rise today to honor the life and legacy of ziggy walensky, who recently lost his battle with pancreatic cancer. a vietnam war veteran and usps postmaster and general manager, he loved our country and
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community more than anything. ziggy was an icon in the town of river head which posts a large polish american population. you could often find him planning and organizing events at the river head polish hall which was used to gather the community for gatherings. mr. zeldin: he was instrumental in planning and organizing the iconic river head polish town festival. speaking from experience it's a fantastic event that draws thousands of people every year. thank you to ziggy, his wife, and entire family for his service to our community. ziggy was a great guy. he will be prit grately missed. i have no doubt his legacy will live on for generations to come. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from for what purpose does the gentlewoman from virgin islands seek recognition? ms. plaskett: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. plaskett: thank you, mr. speaker. on april 9, the volcano on the
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caribbean island of st. vincent's began a series of explosive eruptions. the volcano has erupted several times since that date. it has blanketed the island nation with volume cannish ash, hot gas and so large they reached the neighboring island of barbados 110 miles away. the eruption has resulted in the evacuation of tens of thousands of people. electric outages, destroyed crops and forests, wildlife killed, and water shortages are some of the immediate needs. 16,000 evacuated residents present dire health issues as people are moved to areas in a community that has very little vaccinations to date. this natural disaster, brought on by the struggles because of covid-19, will make them struggle for years. it presents an opportunity tore
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american action with -- for american action with support for covid vicks nation -- vaccination, and future technical assistance. i'm asking this body to use its influence and legislative actions to support st. vincent, keep out china, and its influence, along with venezuela in support of our brothers and sisters. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you very much. for what purpose does the gentlewoman from south carolina seek recognition? ms. mace: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my, are a. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. mace: thank you. i have the privilege to present congratulatory remarks on the cheerleading team winning their first national championship. for the first time in school and program history, the college of charleston cheerleaders won first place under the direction of their head coach samantha parrot who stands as an exemplary leader of young athletes in south carolina and around the country. the team traveled to daytona
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april 7 through 10 to compete in the intermediate small co-ed division i performance division where they received a score of 94.23 and were crowned the intermediate small co-ed division i national champions. so way to go, cougars, and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from nevada seek recognition? mr. horsford: i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. horsford: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of the paycheck fairness act. this morning, women across america drove to jobs where they will be paid lower salaries for equal work. today, black women make 63 cents, and hispanic women make 55 cents for every dollar earned by a white man. over a lifetime, that gap grows
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to $400,000. enough to pay off the mortgage and put two kids through college. the paycheck fairness act will not fix the systemic racism and sexism that are embedded in our nation's treatment of women, but it will take us a step closer to making equal pay a reality. i'm proud to be voting once again to pass the paycheck fairness act, and i'm calling on all of my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to join me and pass this long overdue bill into law. and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you very much. for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. bilirakis: thank you. mr. speaker, i rise today to discuss the current crisis at our southern border. in march, unlawful border crossings reached their highest level in 15 years. this includes nearly 19,000 unaccompanied minors, which
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represent 99% increase from february, and the highest figure ever recorded. this is a dangerous humanitarian, health and security crisis that warrants immediate action. i'm particularly concerned about these children, mr. speaker. as the president of mexico recently confirmed, this administration's policies and speeches on this subject have convinced families that they can send their children to the united states in search of a better life. yet, we know that the situation is often dire for these children. human traffickers made an estimated $14 million per day, $14 million per day along the border in the month of february alone. and shortly, i will be joining my colleagues to visit the border and speak directly to our border patrol agents firsthand about their experiences. i look forward to sharing that insight with my constituents. however, we already know there is unprecedented disorder at the
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border, and immediate action is needed. we must secure our border immediately. thank you, mr. speaker. i appreciate it. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. for what purpose does the gentlewoman from new york seek recognition? mrs. maloney: to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. maloney: mr. speaker, i rise in strong support of the paycheck fairness act. on average, women are paid just 82 cents for every dollar paid to men. the gap is even larger. almost double for women of color. compounded over a lifetime, the pay gap becomes a wealth tax. costing women thousands and thousands of dollars lost in wages. long standing workplace discrimination sets women back in pay and benefits, hirings and promotions. closing the pay gap will provide more financial stability for women, especially those who are
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hardest hit by the pandemic. in a recent oversight hearing on equal pay day, soccer superstar megan said, one cannot outperform inequality, end quote. combating pay discrimination requires deliberate action, and that is what the paycheck fairness bill does. i urge a yes vote on this important bill. the speaker pro tempore: thank you, ma'am. for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? mr. thompson: mr. speaker, request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute and to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. thompson: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i rise today to honor the life and legacy of u.s. capitol police officer william evans. this week, we pay our respects to officer evans' life of service as he was remembered with a congressional tribute and lying in honor in the united states capitol rotunda. officer evans was a beloved father, husband, brother, son, and friend.
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he was a dedicated officer. joining the u.s. capitol police on march 7, 2003, and serving for 18 years. in addition to patrolling the north barricade, officer evans was a member of the capitol division's first responder unit. officer evans was a member of our capitol family, and i want to send my heart-felt condolences to the evans family for their loss. mr. speaker, let's take this time to remember officer evans and to thank each and every member of the u.s. for their continued -- u.s. capitol police for their continued service. i yield back. >> aloha, mr. speaker, today i rise in support of all women across the nation to be sure they will be paid fairly based on their work performance not their cleaneder i am pleased
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with my three daughters, my oldest, is studying at juan diego high school from draper, utah. is preparing to embark on her own journey as a grown woman. she is smart, talented, and most of all, a hard worker. but right now in our country she and my two younger daughters are faced with insurmountable odds that no amount of hard work or diligence can overcome. as native hawaiian women, they are estimated to only make 63 cents to every dollar that their white male peers would make working the exact same job. . mr. kahele: the paycheck fairness act guarantees they will no longer have to fight for the same rights and paychecks as men. mr. speaker, equal pay for equal work. it's as simple as that. mahalo, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: thank you, sir. for what purpose does does the
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gentlewoman from iowa seek recognition? >> thank you, mr. speaker. i request unanimous consent to address the house for one minute. revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. >> mr. speaker, i rise today to recognize the heroic actions of the u.s. marshal service. last month the u.s. marshal service issued this press release. in an ongoing joint operation, the u.s. marshals in coordination with the national center for missing and exploited children and other iowa agencies have located 21 missing iowa children between the ages of 4 and 17 since october, 2020. as a mother can i not begin to imimagine the heartache of families, the families of these children have endured, thanks to the u.s. marshal service and other agencies stacked with finding and exploited children, these 21 children have finally been brought home. i would like to thank deputy marshal simons, and more than 50 local task force working to return iowa children home to their families. speaking of missing and
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exploited children, it cannot go without saying missing and exploited children know what's happening in our board certificate a tradgedy. i want to thank customs and border protection agents for all they are doing to try to reunite these children, get them safely to their end result. but it should not continue as the u.s. federal government under this administration is engaged in human smuggling operation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the chair lays before the house the following message. the clerk: to the congress of the united states. pursuant to the international emergency economic powers act, i hereby report that i have issued an executive order declaring a national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy for the united states posed by specified harmful foreign activities of the government of the russian federation. i have determined that specified harmful foreign activities of the government of the russian federation, in
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particular, efforts to undermine the conduct of free and fair democratic elections, and democratic institutions in the united states and it's allies and partners. to engage in and facilitate malicious cyber enabled activities against the united states and its allies and partners. to foster and use transnational corruption to influence foreign governments. to pursue extraterrestrial activities targeting dissidents or journalists. to undermine security in countries and regions important to the united states, national security and to violate well established principles of international law. including respect for the territorial integrity of states. constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security foreign policy and economy of the united states. i am closing a copy of the executive act i have issued. signed, joseph r. biden jr., the white house, april 15, 2021. the speaker pro tempore:
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message will be referred to the committee on foreign affairs and ordered printed. the chair lays before the house the following communications. the clerk: the honorable the speaker, house of representatives. madam, pursuant to the permission granted in clause 2-h of rule 2 of the rules of the u.s. house of representatives, the clerk received the following message from the secretary of the senate on april 15, 2021, at 11:28 a.m. that the senate passed, senate 400. with best wishes, i am, signed sincerely, cheryl l. johnson, clerk. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? mr. scott: mr. speaker, pursuant to house resolution 303, i call up h.r. 7, a bill to amend the fair labor standards act of 1938 to provide more effective remedies to victims of discrimination in the payment of wages on the basis of sex, and for other
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purposes, and ask for its immediate consideration. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: union calendar number 2. h.r. 7. a bill to amend the fair labor standards act of 1938 to provide more effective remedies to victims of discrimination in the payment of wages on the basis of sex, for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to house resolution 303, the amendment in the nature of a substitute recommended by the committee on education and labor printed in the bill, modified by the amendment printed in part a of house report 117-15, is adopted and the bill as amended is considered as read. the bill as amended shall be debatable for one hour equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking member of the committee on education and labor. the gentleman from virginia, mr. scott, and the gentlewoman from north carolina, ms. foxx,
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each will control 30 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from virginia, mr. scott. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and insert extraneous material on h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i rise in support of h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. when president kennedy signed the equal pay act of 1963, our country codified the basic idea that all workers should earn equal pay for equal work regardless of sex. regrettably, more than five decades later, and after the passage of the lily ledbetter fair pay act, that promise remains unfulfilled. today women continue to be paid on average 8 cents on the dollar compared -- 82 cents on the dollar compared to men.
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this is far worse for women of kohl who make less than white men and women. it exists across every sector regardless of education, experience, occupation, industry, or job title. a recent census bureau found -- study found that 38% to 70% of the gender wage gap is unexplained and likely due to discrimination. drawn out over a lifetime the persistant wage gap could cost a woman anywhere from $400,000 to $2 million. the impacts for both workers and their families often mean the difference between financial stability and perpetual hardship. the paycheck fairness act offers an opportunity to finally secure equal pay for equal work. the bill strengthens the equal pay act by bolstering workers' rights to discuss their wages with co-workers and making it easier for workers to join class action lawsuits. it enhances the enforcement
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tools available to the equal employment opportunity commission and the labor department. and more importantly, by closing loopholes for employer defenses and requiring employers to prove pay dismarities exist for legitimate job related reasons. the biden administration has issued a statement of administration policy in support of the bill. it states that ensuring equal pay is essential to advancing american values for fairness and equity. then it adds, the paycheck fairness act is a commonsense legislation that would strengthen the equal pay act and give workers more tools to fight sex-based pay discrimination. mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to enter the statement of administration policy of h.r. 7 into the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i urge my colleagues to join me in voting for the legislation. and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr.
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speaker. i thank my colleague for yielding. mr. speaker, i rise today in opposition to h.r. 7. the democrats' conveniently titled, painfully misguided paycheck fairness act, which should be called, the paychecks for trial lawyers act. we all agree on the fundamental principle of this bill. women should not be paid less than men for the same work. that is not up for debate. and for me it's never been up for debate. and for our country it hasn't been since 1963 when the equal pay act amended the fair labor standards act, making equal pay the law of the land. moreover, in 1964, title 7 of the civil rights act, codified nondiscrimination rules for employment making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin,
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religion, and sex. the question before us today is whether the democrats' paycheck fairness act provides any additional protections to women in the workplace. the answer is a resounding no. the united states is some of the most varied and come flex workplaces in the world. before the onslaught of covid-19, women were earning meritted paychecks in record numbers. according to harvard university analysis and numerous other studies, the differences in earning between men and women come down to choices made regarding careers and parenting. many working women take advantage of flexible work schedules to meet their diverse needs. a survey by pew found 70% of working mothers say a flexible
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schedule is extremely important. democrats aren't giving the full story when they talk about pay differences. women are making career choice that is are best for themselves and their families. limiting their freedom to do so is wrong. congress has no place in telling women their career choices are wrong. yet democrats are hellbent on telling all americans how to live their lives. how to spend their money. and now how to make career decisions. the paycheck fairness act is not a win for women in the slightest. it is a false promise that creates opportunities and advantages only for trial lawyers looking for easy payouts while causing irreparable harm to employers. by making it much easier to bring lawsuits of questionable validity against employers, trial lawyers will be able to force employers into settlements or trial for
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unlimited pay days from jury awards, lining their own pocket and dragging women through tedious, never-ending legal proceedings. in the united states, we believe in innocent until proven guilty. but this bill assumes otherwise. under current law, business owners can defend themselves from a claim of pay discrimination by proving that a pay differential is based on legitimate business related factors other than sex. h.r. 7 would radically alter this law, requiring that a business own ervins a judge or jury that the pay differential was -- owner, a judge, or jury that the pay differential was a business decision. this is an impossible for me to believe that will lead to unfairererererer to business owners because the pay differential must be absolutely
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essential to the business. h.r. 7 would also result in a flood of litigation in front of judges and juries who will devil into employ he -- delve into employer compensation decisions, even when the employer can demonstrate those decisions are based on legitimate business related reasons having nothing to do with the sex of the employee. fearing big government and liability risks that could lead them bankrupt, many business owners will likely implement ridged pay bans on models used by government and unionized businesses. this means workers will not be compensated on the basis of merit. this is the opposite of the american dream. as one columnist wrote, equality of opportunity, equality of opportunity not outcomes is the american ideal. on top of the legal jeopardy
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this bill creates for employers, h.r. 7 also mandates that business owners submit mountains of worker pay data to the federal government. this will pose significant threats to the confidentiality and privacy of workers' pay data. create a data stash which would be impossible to protect our interpret, and cost business owners more than $600 million annually. this bill purports to champion equality for women. yet it disregards the 40% of small businesses owned by women that will be forced to implement pay policies found in government-run workplaces and be stuck paying through the nose in compliance costs if this bill passes. even worse, h.r. 7 will severely limit workplace flexibility for women. many working women take advantage of flexible pay schedules to meet their diverse needs. yet this harmful legislation completely ignores this reality
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and threatens to take away the choices and freedom necessary for them to retain employment. we know employees prefer workable and flexible schedules. and now is not the time to limit those options for women who have been hit particularly hard by the covid-19 pandemic. should my democrat colleagues wish to discuss additional policies, which will foster the advancement of women in the workplace, we can consider legislation that safely reopens our schools and businesses, provides the flexibility and support to expand work-based learning programs, and create viable pathways that enable more individuals to reskill and build fulfilling careers on their own terms and promote career and technical education, to name a few. unfortunately, my democrat colleagues who would rather impose radical and unworkable policy under the guise of progress than find bipartisan
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solutions which foster environments where individuals are empowered to succeed and make the decisions that are best for them. i urge a no vote on h.r. 7. and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from massachusetts, the assistant speaker of the house, ms. clark. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. clark: thank you. in december american women lost 156,000 jobs, accounting for 100% of the jobs lost. and since the start of this bechtt, nearly three million women have been pushed out of the work force. women have borne the brunt of the economic crisis brought on by this pandemic, and gender
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pay inequality is at the root of the problem. more than five decades after the passage of the equal pay act, women still only make 82 cents for every dollar earned by men. that gap is even wider for women of color. by passing the paycheck fairness act today, we are correcting this injustice and ensuring that all people receive equal pay for equal work. let's be clear. this isn't a women's issue. pay inequity hurts children, families, and our entire economy. it's fundamental to our recovery and our ability to shot just rebuild to the status quo, but to build a just inclusive america for all. thank you. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves.
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the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield three minutes to the gentleman from virginia, mr. good. >> thank you, ranking member fox. everyone supports equal pay for equal performance, and everyone is against gender-based wage discrimination. mr. good: this has been the law for nearly 60 years. when i entered the work force 30 years ago after college, wage discrimination was basically nonexistence. thanks to the law and the simple recognition of the value of a diverse work force. companies then as now simply assigned a starting salary based upon the position and paid that wage to everyone they hired. thereafter providing merit increases based on performance unlike what happens in union shops and government positions. do my democrat friends across the aisle base their staff salaries on gender or do they pay women less than men? or do they set salaries based on market conditions, qualifications, and experience? why do they assume less of
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private employers? we already have laws and protections that ensure fair pay and companies must maintain documentation demonstrating nondiscrimination in wages, performance evaluations, and merit increases. in fact, we are in a much stronger position today than we were 30 let alone 60 years ago. this legislation from the democrat party is just another attempt to insert themselves further into the workplace with a purported cure for a disease that doesn't exist. . democrats view employers, businesses, and job creators with disdain, leaving that left to their own devices they would seek to harm and exploit their employees. not to worry, big government to the rescue. or more accurately big democrat government, laying on more control, more
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to enrich their trial lawyer friends and increase liability for lawyers. the democrats will disingenuously cite discrepancies but won't cite discrepancies in pay for the same positions in the same industries. this bill adds more layers of burdensome and costly reporting requirements for businesses, estimated to cost about $6 humbings billion per year. costs which will be passed on to consumers in higher prices with no real benefit. it doesn't do anything to help women in the workplace but hurts employers, exposing them to greater liability and enriching the trial lawyer donors to the democrat party. it allows lawyers to litigate every decision an employer makes and bankrupt businesses to seek unlimited monetary damages. it makes it impossible to defend charges of gender based dis crimination.
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they would need to prove a termination isn't discriminative. leave it to politicians in washington to think they have the right to determine for employer what is is a business necessity. left to themselves businesses and employers tend to get it right. big government almost never gets it right. this bill is no exception. i urge a no vote. >> the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. >> i yield five minutes to the chair of the house appropriations committee, the gentlelady from connecticut, ms. delauro. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. delauro: i thank the gentleman. mr. speaker, i rise in strong support of the paycheck fairness act. it is legislation i have introduced never congress since 1997. since then, we have pushed and battled to strengthen the equal pay act of 1963. launched side-by-side into the
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fray to end pay discrimination and emphasize its impact on working families. i cannot tell you how difficult it has been to break through. men and women in the same jobs deserve the same pay. it's a principle we adhere to in this congress and i don't believe anyone would challenge it. the same is true of the u.s. military. last month we recognized equal pay to day on march 24. the day on which into the current year women must work to meet the wages earned by men in the previous year. the national committee on pay equity tells us at its lowest point in 1973, full-time working women earned a median of $56 -- of 56.6 cents to every dollar full-time working men earned. today women who work full-time year round are paid on average only 82 cents for every dollar paid to men. the gap exists in every state. regardless of geography, occupation, education, work patterns. and it is worse for women of color.
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latinas are typically paid 55 cents. native american women 60 cents. black women 63 cents. american women and her family an estimated $400,000 to $2 million. impacting social security benefits and pension. today, the issue and the environment have collided. this pandemic has brought out the depths of our problem, exposed existing inequality, threatened women's economic security and a -- at a disproportionate rate. women have lost more than five million jobs. as we seek to rebuild our economy, let us remember that the pay gap hurts not only women
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but also the families who depend on them. the paycheck fairness act is a bipartisan piece of legislation. has the support of every member of the democratic caucus. as well as three republicans. it would toughen the remedies in the equal pay act of 1963 to give american's working women the opportunity to fight wage discrimination and receive the paycheck they have rightfully earned. it would require employers to prove wage disparities exist for a job-realed issue, and facilitates workers participation in a class action suit. by now we are all familiar with the case of lily led better her bosses said, and i quote, their plant did not need women. women did not help. in fact they caused problems. a jury found that yes, lilly ledbetter had been discriminated against, awarded her $. million
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in back pay and damages which the supreme court eliminated. she received nothing. as it closed the courtroom door to all women. we, the congress, reopened that door with the lily led better fair pay act. it reversed the supreme court's decision. that was a court access case but it did not address the underlying issue of pay discrimination. president dwight d. eisenhower in 1956 in his state of the union address said, quo, legislation to apply the principle of equal pay for equal work without discrimination because of sex is a matter of simple justice. i earnestly urge the congress to move swiftly to implement these needed labor measures. when president kennedy signed the equal pay act into law nearly 5 years ago, he said, it is the first step. it affirm ours determination that when women enter the labor force, they will find equality in their pay envelopes. the paycheck fairness act is the
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next step. it simply brings the equal pay act into line with the remedies already available for those subject to other forms of employment discrimination. that is it. pure and simple. we passed paycheck fairness through this house in 2008. 2009. 2019. but now in the 117th congress, in which we welcome the most women in our history, we must get it into law. we have the opportunity to make good on that promise. that presidents of both parties have made. we need to seize that moment. it is time for us to say that the work that women do in our society today is valued and respected and the contribution that we make, if it is gd enough for the women in the house of representatives, then it is good enough for women all over the united states. with that, i ask unanimous consent to place into the record a letter supporting the paycheck
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fairness act by a broad coalition of organizations that promote economic opportunity for women. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the gentlewoman from michigan, ms. mcclain. ms. mcclain: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise today in opposition to h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. we don't need the government telling business how much they can pay their employees. let's not forget that it is business that has lifted us out of poverty. not the government. as a former businesswoman who has actually signed the front of paychecks, not just the back, what you do as an employee and what you produce as an employee matters.
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and what you produce should be reflected in your outcome, not your gender. do not, please, do not insult me as a woman by lowering the bar for me. and please do not insult me as a business owner for forcing me to lower the bar for my employees. outcomes and hard work is what leads to success. not your gender. gender discrimination is already against the law, thanks to the equal pay act. at a time when businesses are shutting their doors, due to the pandemic -- the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman's time has expired. ms. mcclain: we should be creating jobs and incentivizing people to work. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the chair of the subcommittee on work
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force protections, the gentlelady from north carolina, dr. adams. mrs. adams: thank you. i want to thank the gentleman for yielding and for his support and for the leadership on the committee. mr. speaker, i rise today as i've done for my entire career, from north carolina, from the north carolina house to the u.s. house in support of equal pay for equal work. it's 2021. women are still subject to unequal, unfair compensation in the workplace. this truth, this wage group, is at its worst for women of color, black women, for example, earn an average of 63 cents on the dollar compared to men. this issue persists in nearly every line of work regardless of education o, experience, or occupation or industry or job title. if you don't believe that data, take it from me, i lived it. the paycheck fairness act is an opportunity for congress to strengthen the equal pay act, to bolster the rights of working women and to put an end to the gender based wage disparity once and for all. we cannot continue to rob nearly
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half of our nation's work force of the wages they deserve, nor can we continue to force women to work far more to be paid fairly. mr. speaker i also wish to submit for the record a letter from the national partnership for women and families in support of h.r. 7. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is rk niced. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the gentleman from wisconsin, mr. fitzgerald. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. fitzgerald: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in opposition to h.r. 7. this bill is a solution in search of a problem. it does nothing to help employees. in reality, the bill would only boost paychecks for trial lawyers and not workers. h.r. 7 places unworkable, burdensome restrictions on employers and poses a threat also to worker privacy. even more, this bill would kill
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the christmas bonus by effectively prohibiting employers from paying end of the year bonuses to their employees. this hardly seems fair to an employee despite the title of the bill. republicans tried to strengthen the bill during the committee markup. my colleague, ms. sta fanic, offered an amendment that would have made commonsense improvements to the text but that amendment was rejected by democrats. i urge a no vote on the bill. we should not allow trial lawyer the burdensome restrictions to kill the christmas bonus. under the false guise of fairness. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. this bill will prohibit paying all the men a bonus and none of the women a bonus, although they produced equal for the business. i'd like to at this point yield one minute to a distinguished member of the committee on education and labor, the gentlelady from georgia, mrs.
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mcbath. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. mrs. mcbath: thank you, mr. speaker. i rise in support of the paycheck fairness act. i want to commend chairwoman delauro for her extraordinary efforts and commend chairman scott for bringing this timely policy to fruition. i am proud to be an original co-sponsor of the paycheck fairness act. i think most of us can agree that every american should equal -- should earn equal pay for equal work. this legislation takes meaningful steps toward ensuring that every american, regardless of gender, receives fair compensation for their work. we've seen over the course of the covid-19 pan democrat take essential workers are the life blood of our society. we've seen women on the frontlines in the hospital, in the classroom and at our central retail stores an it's time that all of these sheroes are compensated at the same rate as their male counterparts. i have a letter from the international brotherhood of teamsters urging passage of this
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legislation and highlighting the persistent wage gap between genders and i ask unanimous consent that this be included in the official record. the gender gap -- the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. mcbath: the gender gap is clear and the paycheck fairness act will address the disparity. not only will it help women in georgia but it will help families across the nation. thank you and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you mr. speaker. mr. speaker, proponents of h.r. 7 claim that despite current prohibitions against pay discrimination, female workers are still paid on average considerably less than male workers and as a result a pernicious wage gap exists. however, many studies have demonstrated that the gap is not necessarily the product of workplace discrimination. in fact this gap nearly
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disappears when factors such as hours worked per week, rate of leaving the work force and industry, and occupations are considered. a 2020 study by compensation software company pay scale found that when controlling for job title, years of experience, industry, location and other compensable factors, women earned 9 % as much as men. a 2009 study commissioned by the u.s. department of labor found a gender wage gap of between 4.8% and 7.1% when controling for economic variable between men and women. a 2018 harvard study found that the gap in tway pais between female and male bus an train operators working for the massachusetts bay transportation
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authority, mbta, can be explained by the workplace choices that women and men make, rather than other factors such as discrimination. the study found the earnings the study showed men worked 83% more overtime hours per year than the female operators. i want to point out that i am giving you facts here, mr. speaker. facts. these differences are not due to any differ work options faced by female and male operators. rather the study found that the female operators had a greater demand for workplace flexibility and a lower demand for overtime work hours than the male operators. pay discrimination is wrong. and already illegal.
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we probably cannot say that enough. but any new legislation to combat pay discrimination should be based on facts. facts. not supposition. not projection. and the facts seem to be sorely missing from this debate. with that, mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the distinguished member of the committee on education and labor, the gentleman from new york, mr. espaillat. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. espaillat: thank you, mr. speaker. before i begin i would ask for unanimous consent to enter into the record a letter from the equal rights advocate in support of h.r. 7. thank you, mr. speaker. it should offend every one of us that there remains a pay gap between men and women for the
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same work. women of color in particular, african-american women, latino women, native american women, aapi women are making as low as 52 cents, mr. speaker, for every dollar for the same job and work by a man. this is a travesty. let's make our communities stronger. let's make our economies stronger. in harlem, east harlem, northern manhattan, and the northwest bronx women of color are the majority of the workers. i can't go back home and say to them in my district that somehow they are working the same as men or maybe more, in many cases, and are making less. i support h.r. 7, the paycheck protection act, because we need to bring fairness into the discussion. let's make our communities stronger. let's make our economies stronger. gender-based pay discrimination should not be something we are still discussing now in 2021.
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the paycheck protection act will put everyone on the line to make sure that we are all doing our best to ensure fairness and equitable pay. closing the pay gap will make women -- the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. mr. espaillat: mr. speaker, let's make our communities stronger. let's make our economy stronger. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the co-chair of the democratic women's caucus, the gentlelady from california, ms. speier. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. speier: mr. speaker, thank you. and to the chairman of the committee thank you for granting me this time. i would like to enter into the record a letter entitled support the paycheck fairness act written by leadership
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conference on civil and human rights. for a quarter of a century chairwoman delauro has been trying to get this bill passed. she's sick and tired. i'm sick and tired. the american women are sick and tired of being treated like second class citizens. imagine if the women here in congress were being paid 60%, 70%, or 80% of what our male colleagues were making. do you think we would put up with it? of course not. somehow the american women are expected to put up with that. you want facts? ask about the state of arizona, a woman paid less than her colleague because they decided that they would base her salary on what she was making before as opposed to the job at hand. we have a problem, members. this has been going on for way
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too long. it is time for us to fix it. for all the women and children in this country who want to be paid equally for equal work. so that they have money for childcare, rent, food, and education. and with that, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from the district of columbia, previous head of the eeoc, miss holmes norton. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. norton: i thank my good friend for yielding. mr. speaker, first i ask to place into the record a letter from the american bar association supporting passage
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of the paycheck fairness act. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. norton: i am pleased to strongly support h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. a critical -- critically important bill. as the first woman to chair the u.s. equal employment opportunity commission, i enforced the equal pay act. i particularly appreciate that h.r. 7 would bring long awaited strength to the e.p.a. i especially appreciate congresswoman rosa delauro, a great champion for equal pay, has included my pay equity for all act in h.r. 7, where i will focus today. the pay equity for all act would prohibit employers from asking a job applicant their salary history. even though many employers may not intentionally discriminate against applicants or employees based on gender, race, or ethnicity, setting wages based
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on salary history is routinely done in the workplace and can reinforce the wage gap. evidence clearly shows that members of historically disadvantaged groups often start out their careers with unfair and artificially low wages compared to their white male counterparts, and they are compounded from job to job. job and salary offers should be based on an applicant's skill and merit not salary history. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. ms. norton: by assessing penalties against employees who ask applicants for their salary history during the interview process. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, h.r. 7 requires that the employer defense must be consistent with, quote, business necessity, end quote.
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a broad and ill defined term. we don't know how the courts will interpret this sweeping requirement, but we do know the dictionary says it means, absolutely essential or indispensable. how can an employer prove that any one factor determining employee pay could rise to the level to be necessary for the survival of the business? proponents of h.r. 7 will argue this phrase has been adopted from title 7 as amended by the 1991 civil rights act. but the phrase has spawned endless litigation because of its lack of clarity. anyone who thinks this concept is simple and can just be carried over from the title 7 is either naive or has been misled. further, the dupeous concept of business -- dubious concept of business necessity was
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developed over controversial so-called disparate impact analysis and cannot simply be slapped on to the equal pay act. especially where as mandated by h.r. 7 damages our are unlimited. in contrast under title 7, in disparate impact cases, damages are limited to back pay and benefits. with that i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentleman from texas, mr. green. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. green: thank you, mr. speaker. thank you, mr. scott. mr. speaker, this bill is really about mothers and daughters who earn about 82 cents on a dollar for every dollar a man earns. it's about mothers and daughters who lose about $1 trillion a year because of the wage gap.
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and for those men who don't have a really good reason to vote for it, it's about the fact that every woman gave birth to every man alive. so for all of the suffering we ought to vote for this bill because we are here as a result of some woman suffering for us. at this time i would like to place into the record a letter from the national committee on pay equality. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mr. green: thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. miss fongs: -- ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from illinois, ms. schakowsky. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is now recognized. ms. schakowsky: thank you, mr. chairman, for yielding to me. this year marks the 58th anniversary of the equal pay
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act. and despite the goal to ensure the equality for women in the workplace, nearly 60 years later the pay gap still exists. women today on average make 82 cents for every dollar earned by a man. but for women of color, the disparity is worse. with black women making 63 cents on every -- on the dollar. aapi women making 60 cents. and latinas making 55 cents. this disparity is unacceptable and it is unfair. and let us continue -- let us come together right now to pass h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. when women get equal pay, our families and our entire economy will do better. and now i would like to put -- submit for the record a letter from the united church of
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christ in favor of h.r. 7. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. schakowsky: i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield two minutes to the gentleman from georgia, mr. allen. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. allen: thank you, mr. speaker. we all agree that every american should be compensated for the quality of work and not face discrimination in the workplace based on their race, color, national origin, religion, or sex. that's why congress passed the equal pay act in 1963 and broader nondiscrimination laws under title 7 of the civil rights act the following year. however like those bills, h.r. 7 offers no new protections. it's simply a messaging bill to score political points. so what will the bill do? for job creators they can expect more lawsuits and more regulatory burdens. by limiting legal options for women by changing e.p.a. class
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action lawsuits from an opt-in system to a mandatory opt out system, h.r. 7 allows trial lawyers to pursue unlimited compensatory damages, making it nearly impossible for employers to defend against frivolous lawsuits. additionally, it requires employers to make intrusive data disclosures to the equal employment opportunity commission regarding the sex, race, and national origin of employees and for the first time the hiring, termination, and promotion data of those employees. ultimately posing a threat to the very workers' privacy. the cost to satisfy these requirements can total more than $600 million a year. we already have seen a number of small businesses forced to close this year because of covid lockdowns, and now my democratic colleagues want to impose more regulatory burdens on business that is were lucky enough to survive. thankfully my colleague from
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new york has a solution that will actually address pay discrimination and support women in the workplace. the wage equity act protection workers' privacy by encouraging voluntary pay analysis while bolstering women employment through the creation of a grant program for women in college or career and technical programs to provide negotiation skills education. . the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. can you tell us how much time is available on each side? the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia has 14 minutes left -- and a quarter left, 14 minutes and a quarter.
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the gentlewoman from north carolina has 11 1/2 minutes left. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the chair of the subcommittee on civil rights and human services, the gentlelady from oregon, ms. bonamici. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. bonamici: thank you, mr. chair. i rise in strong support of the paycheck fairness act. the equal pay act has been the law for more than half a century, but in 2021, equal pay for equal work is still not a reality for many women, especially women of color. this is an injustice to millions of working families. closing the wage gap is an economic imperative. last month, i was honored to chair the hearing on persistent gender-based wage discrimination. we heard witnesses describe the barriers to detecting wage discrimination and holding employers accountable. most importantly, we heard how the paycheck fairness act can address the problematic loopholes in the current law, empower workers to better detect and combat wage discrimination and create mek nechls for better pay -- mechanisms for better pay
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data. we can finally make equal pay for equal work a reality. i thank congresswoman delauro for her steadfast leadership, and i urge my colleagues to support this bill. mr. chairman, i request unanimous consent to enter a letter in the record in support of the paycheck fairness act from the american association of university women. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. bonamici: and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: thank you. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is now recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, another provision in h.r. 7 requires that in addition to proving business necessity, an employer must prove the business necessity accounts for 100% of the differential in compensation at issue. this is impossible to do. how can an employer explain slight differences in compensation based on
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educational level, experience, or quality of work on the job? this bill is going to make it impossible for employers to pay differentially on merit for anything? it is a bad bill, and we should not be passing it. i urge my colleagues to vote no, and i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is now recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentleman from rhode island, mr. cicilline. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. cicilline: mr. speaker, this nation has made far too little progress in the fight for equal pay in the workplace. in 2021, women who worked full time year-round are paid on average only 82 cents for every dollar paid to men. this adds up to over $400,000 in lost wages over the course of a woman's career. for women of color, the gender gap is a gender chasm with
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latinas earning 55 cents, black women earning 63 cents, and asian american and pacific islander women earning a mere 52 cents for every dollar paid to a white man for the same work. this bill will bring us closer to closing these gaps by ensuring equal pay for equal work. it would hold employers accountable for discriminatory practices, ease workers' ability to challenge pay discrimination, and strengthen the available remedies for wronged employees. i thank congresswoman delauro for her tireless advocacy on this issue and ask unanimous consent to enter this letter of support from the national women's law center into the record. i urge my house colleagues to adopt this -- vote for this package and close the gender wage gap once and for all. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is now recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is now recognized.
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mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from california, ms. lee. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady is recognized. ms. lee: thank you very much. first of all, let me thank the gentleman for yielding and thank you for your tremendous leadership to our speaker and for chairwoman delauro, for your persistent leadership for so many years, so many years. we must put an end to the wage gap and pay discrimination. let me tell you, the wage gap, as you heard for women of color is so much worse. i'm reminded today of our fannie lou hammer. i'm sick and tired of being sick and tired. black women earn 63 cents. indigenous 56 cents, white women earn 82 cents. aapi women are paid as little as 52 cents of every dollar paid to the white man. that is outrageous. i have a letter here from the equal pay today campaign urging
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members to support the bill. i ask unanimous consent that it be included in the record. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. lee: let me finally say, because of this discrimination, women's social security benefits during their senior years are much lower than men. this injustice follows women throughout thank you lives. this issue impacts women, regardless of industry, education level, or political party. it's past time, it's so past time for congress to take action on this. i urge my colleagues to vote yes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, h.r. 7 would create impossible conditions in which to operate for business owners, large and small. it would result in endless litigation in front of judges and juries who will delve into
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employer compensation decisions, even when there's been a showing that those decisions are not based on sex. alternatively, business owners will simply decide not to risk liability of unlimited damages, which could bankrupt them, and the end result will be the use of pay bans by employers. which imposes a government civil service model on the private sector. it will result in everyone in the workplace being compensated equally without regard to merit. this is a very broad goal of liberals in general. pay everybody the same and stifle innovation, stifle initiative, stifle anybody being different. this is the wrong thing for our
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country. that's not the way the united states of america operates. we value innovation. we value entrepreneurism. we value independent thinking. we don't want to crush everybody into thinking the same way. that's the way civil service works. that's the way the unions work. that's not the way it should be in private industry, which has made this country great. this bill stalls upward mobility, hurts all employers and employees striving to succeed on the job who want to be rewarded for their efforts. for these reasons and others, h.r. 7's provisions are unworkable and will benefit only trial lawyers, not innovative, hardworking workers. and with that i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves.
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the gentleman from virginia is now recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. it's now my honor to yield one minute to the distinguished speaker of the house of the united states representatives, the gentlelady from california, ms. pelosi. the speaker pro tempore: and the gentlelady is now recognized. the speaker: thank you, mr. speaker. i thank the gentleman for yielding. i particularly thank him for his leadership in bringing this important legislation to the floor of the house. this is about building back better with women -- with women, not stifling innovation and entrepreneurship, but reaping the benefits of all that women have to offer in our country. nearly -- mr. speaker, nearly 60 years ago, president john f. kennedy signed equal pay act into law. lauding it, and this is his quote, a measure that adds to our laws, another structure basic to democracy. today, i rise in support of a similarly momentous measure for
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our democracy, the paycheck fairness act, which will strengthen that law and reaffirm this pledge, equal work deserves equal pay. we all salute chairwoman rosa delauro, the guardian angel of this legislation, and so much of what democrats works for on behalf of women and families. chairwoman delauro is relentless introducing this bill in each of the last 13 congresses and securing bipartisan support and the support of the entire house democratic caucus. and now, because of her leadership, we have a chance for it to become law. many of us, with chair delauro at the helm, helped lead the charge for equal pay for many years now. 12 years ago, house democrats passed the lilly ledbetter fair pay act, to protect women's right to challenge unfair pay in the courts. we are proud that president
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obama made this bill the first bill he signed into law. you talked about it earlier, mr. chairman. exactly 10 years later when democrats retook the majority, we were honored to stand with lilly ledbetter, that courageous woman, as we took another step forward for equal -- for pay equity by again introducing congresswoman delauro's bill, the paycheck fairness act. and today in the house, congress led by over 120 women in the house, with an administration led by president biden, a long-term champion of women, and the first woman vice president, kamala harris, and with a record number of women in the cabinet, those are great advances for women. we will pass this landmark bill once more, send it to the senate and hopefully to president biden to sign into law. ok. so i'm a mother of four daughters. i don't know anybody who has a daughter, a wife, a sister, a
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mother who can say to them, you're not worth it. your time is not worth the time of your brother, your father, your whoever else. what father, brother, or son would not want the women in their lives to have equal pay? sadly, equal pay is not yet a reality in america. nearly six decades after the passage of the equal pay act, women working full time year-round are paid only 82 cents for every dollar paid to men. and for women of color, the disparity is even greater. it's almost sinful. 63 cents for black women. native hawaiian, pacific islander, alaskan native, 60 cents. latinas making 55 cents for every dollar for the same pay as men. equal work, equal hours, equal
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effort, but not equal pay. and this is not just about cents on the dollar. this pay gap can add up to about $400,000 in lost wages over a career. and what does that mean to a woman's pension? at the same time, the need for action has been accelerated by the pandemic which has worsened economic disparities to women. they lost a net 4.5 million jobs during the recession with losses disproportionately experienced by women of color. this unjust, uneven toll on women is expected to widen the wage gap by up to 5 percentage -- five percentage points. widen the gap by five percentage points, even as the recovery recovers -- the economy recovers. as the house passes this landmark legislation, let us stand proudly, unapologetically
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for what this does for the economy of our country. we continue to work to advance progress for women and families with strong support of president biden. the house democrats were poud to pass and send to the senate our vawa re-authorization, led by congresswoman sheila jackson lee, removing the arbitrary deadline of e.r.a., led by congresswoman jackie speier. and to have enacted the american rescue act, which is helping many women to return to the workforce. and we will continue this drumbeat of action, ensuring the senate passes the paycheck fairness act, and advancing legislation to strengthen women's access to childcare, health care, workplace safety, and more. and as we move forward to build back better, president biden's phrase for how we have job
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creation in our country, we can only build back better if women are central to that effort. advancing an economy in a country that works for all of the people in america, very important to america's families and america's children. with that i urge a strong and hopefully bipartisan vote on h.r. 7, the paycheck fairness act. fairness is an all-american quality. fairness for women is essential, because we know that when women succeed, america succeeds. with that, mr. speaker, i yield back the balance of my time. i thank congresswoman delauro and mr. chairman scott for their leadership. . the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the -- a half 1 1/2 minutes to the
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gentleman from pennsylvania. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. >> i thank dr. foxx very much. i appreciate the opportunity. mr. speaker, all americans, men and women, should be treated equally and receive equal pay for equal work. i happen to be the father of two daughters and i will do everything in this house to assure that that continues to be the case and is, in fact, the case. if this truly were an equal pay act, mr. speaker, i think many of us we would have a bipartisan initiative here. we would have bipartisan agreement. the problem is that's not what it is, mr. speaker. it goes well beyond dealing with equal pay. doctor muser: what it does is it provides equal pay to attorneys and trial lawyers as possible. and there lies the problem. once again we have what looks like legitimate legislation that sounds good and feels good, mr. speaker, yet when you
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look at the details, it's far left extremism which poisons the legislation and doesn't allow reasonable members like myself to be supportive. this isn't the first time. this occurs very often and it's the reason why we don't get things done nor do we get bipartisan cooperation. because cooperation is the way that we will achieve and complete bills of importance, particularly that are named equal pay for all. equality for all. that is what our goal is. it would be great if a bill like this had the substance that provided the ingredients which would end for equal pay. i yield back, sir. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the distinguished majority leader
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of the united states house of representatives, the gentleman from maryland, mr. hoyer. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. hoyer: i thank the gentleman from virginia. the chairman of the education and labor committee for yielding. i thank him for his untiring work. no employer shall discriminate within any establishment in which such employees are employed between employees on the basis of sex by paying wages to employees in such establishment at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to employees of the opposite sex. that was passed by the congress of the united states. signed by the president of the united states. in 1963. a half century later, mr.
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speaker, the figures belie that promise. the figures are a sameful recognition of the -- shameful recognition of the emptiness of that promise. i know the gentlelady from north carolina. not well, but well enough. we served here for some period of time. i hope she will take it as a measure of positively. she is a feisty lady. she stands up for what she believes. and she is tough. all those are said lovingly. god help us if we paid her less than they paid every male member of this house. but we don't.
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we pay everybody the same. except i will admit the speaker and myself. perhaps i'm not quite as detached. but everybody else gets the same. the person who comes in the first day gets paid as much as the person who has been here 40 years like me. why? because it is the responsibility and duties that we perform that are being compensated. not our gender. now, in this bill and every other bill that has dealt with equal pay, however, let there be no mistake. clearly. i pay people in my office who have been there 10 years longer than i pay people who have been there the year, period.
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experience counts. as a lawyer when i ran my law office i paid people differently based upon their experience. their education, and other differentials. but not on the basis of gender. like the gentleman who spoke before me, i have one more daughter than he has, he had two, i have three. mr. speaker, they would not be happy today if their dad came to this floor and voted against this bill, i will tell you that. i don't know about the gentleman's daughters, can i tell you where my daughters would be. mr. speaker, i'm proud to bring the paycheck fairness act to the floor. as i did last congress. the legislation is a critical part of democrats' effort to close the gender pay gap and ensure that women earn equal pay for equal work. lily ledbetter did not get equal pay for equal work, period. unfortunately, she was prevented by the supreme court
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from making her case. we corrected that. the house passed a bill in 2019 but the republican-controlled senate failed to do the same. a bill just like this. many that was very disappointing. not only to those of us who have been working hard to close the gender pay gap in congress, but even more so to the tens of millions of women in the workshop anti-work force who deserve to take-home pay they have earned. this is not a gift. this is compensation based upon ability and contribution. not on gender. in america today a woman still earns on average just 82 cents to every dollar earned by a man. mr. chairman, has that been disputed on this floor? for women of color it's even
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worse. african-american women earn on average only 63 cents to the dollar while latinas see 55 cents. for the same work. for women who work full-time year-round, the gender pay gap represents a loss of more than, as the speaker just said, $400,000. that ought to be unacceptable to all of us. if we believe in equality. this disparity does not only hurt women, it disadvantages their entire families. with women's pay critical to household incomes. 2/3 of women are now either the primary breadwinner or co-breadwinner of their households. and women's earnings are the main source of income in more than four in 10 households, 40%. now, the gentlelady from north carolina knows full well that historically we have underpaid women because we thought the
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men were the breadwinners. they are the people who earn the money. they are the people who needed money so they could support their families. that is not true today. if it was ever true. those households ought not to be disadvantaged because women are paid less for the same work as their male counterparts. i mentioned in 1963 the promise we made as a nation. in 2009 when i was majority leader for the first time i was proud to bring the lily ledbetter fair pay act to the floor and help get it passed. i want to congratulate rosa delauro who was on the floor today, mr. speaker. she has been untiring and focused in her efforts to ensure that women were treated equally. and one of the best ways to treat people equally is pay them the same thing for the
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same job. the paycheck fairness act builds on the success by making it harder for businesses to hide the underpayment of women in their employ through nondisclosure contracts and imposing new civil penalties for those who violate equal pay rules among other beneficial provisions. now, this has been in effect for half a century. we haven't gotten there. do we need some, yeah, let's get it done, this is -- in 1963, we really meant it. so let's carry it out so when the bipartisan nonpartisan reports are made as to who is making what for the same job, it will come back men and women are getting the same pay for the same job with the same skills and the same skenority. -- seniority. i hope the senate will take up
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this long overdue legislation and pass it so president biden can sign it into law and at long last make good on the promise of equal pay act nearly six decades ago. i want to thank my friend as i just dade, rosa delauro, for the work she's done. i thank ms. delauro on behalf of susan, on behalf of stephanie, on beof ann, my daughters. on behalf of judy and ava and brooklyn and savannah. my three great granddaughters and my granddaughter. what she has done, what we can do will make a difference for them, their families, and our country. and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i want to thank
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the majority leader for his compliments of me. when howard coble first introduced me to the republican conference here he said i was a feisty mountain -- feisty mountain woman from the blue ridge who goes bear hunting with a switch. i have cherished that description of me over the years. i am a feisty woman because i grew up extraordinarily poor and the majority leader is correct, i would not tolerate discrimination against me. i won't tolerate discrimination against anyone. i abhor discrimination. and i have. i'm also an italian american. i abhor that kind of discrimination. and have fought against that. i fought against racial discrimination. i doubt there are any people in
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this body that have fought more against discrimination against women than i have, or mentored more women than i have. however, the majority leader said something that made me think of the phrase, all things being equal. well, rarely are all things equal. obviously when all things are equal we want no discrimination. everybody to be treated the same. that's what i want. i have one child, a daughter. i have two grandchildren, a grandson and a granddaughter. i certainly don't want either one of them discriminated on the basis of anything. but, yes, mr. leader, 82 cents has been disputed. we hear the same old tired statistics, quote statistics, they are not accurate. so let's stop doing that. let's deal with the facts.
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h.r. 7 is not the answer to discrimination. it's going to make it more difficult for employers to create jobs and to pay women and everybody equally. we need alternatives and we have one. with that, mr. speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. chairman, could i get the time remaining on both sides, please. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia has 9 1/4 minutes remaining. the gentlewoman from north carolina has 4 1/2 minutes remaining. mr. scott: thank you. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the -- co-chair of the democratic women's caucus, the gentlelady from michigan, mrs. lawrence. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. mrs. lawrence: thank you, mr. speaker. it's beyond me in 2021 we are still having this debate on whether men and women are paid equally.
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i just want to say to my colleague on the other side, being a black woman in america i can tell you i do not feel that she has had the discrimination and the disrespect and the pay scale that women of color has experienced. during the brunt of this pandemic where women are in the forefront of being those who are frontline workers, the service industry, predominantly women, paycheck fairness corrects this injustice by allowing women to pay discrimination an hold employers accountability. . many in this chamber talks about levelling the playing field. let's do it by passing this bill. in america when you walk in the room as a woman you know you have overcome and you have work to do. and please don't continue to
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disrespect us by saying that everything is ok. in your world, it may be. but today we can correct that. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: members are reminded to direct their remarks to the chair. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i have never said everything is perfectly ok. i've said this bill is not the answer to what issues may still exist out there. mr. speaker, with that i yield one minute to the gentlewoman from iowa, mrs. miller-meeks, and applaud her for how she has handled herself in the past few months through all the turmoil and all of the challenges she has had. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. mrs. miller-meeks: thank you, mr. speaker. i ask unanimous consent to enter in the record a letter from the
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national federation of businesses opposing h.r. 7. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. mrs. miller-meeks: thank you. i'm pleased to be able to introduce this as a small business owner myself. the nfib letter says h.r. 7 will add significant burdens to small businesses and potentially expose them to frivolous lawsuits. it will make pay differences difficult to defend in court, invite frivolous lawsuits against small business owners by allowing unlimited compensatory and punitive damages in equal pay lawsuits and significant increase small business paperwork burdens. moreover, the nfib letter says h.r. 7 will make it nearly impossible for a small employer to defend against claims where an alternative employment practice exists and could serve the same business purpose without producing the wage differential. the letter also highlights the significant paperwork burdens h.r. 7 will place on small businesses who do not have a human resources department, a full-time staff member in charge, or attorneys for reporting and compliance.
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having been a small business owner and supported by the small business owners and during a pandemic when it's so necessary to get our small businesses up and operating, i urge my colleagues to take these views of small business owners into consideration before they vote on h.r. 7. i yield back my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield one minute to the gentlelady from north carolina, ms. ross. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. ross: thank you, mr. speaker. this bill is not just about the past. it is about the future. gender-based wage discrimination exists in every state and in many industries. in the tech industry, which has a huge presence in my district in north carolina's research triangle, women typically make thousands of dollars less than men in the same roles. unsurprisingly, women in tech often leave the industry due to unfair compensation much to that
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industry's detriment. pay inequity follows women into retirement. women have on the average only 70% of the retirement income men have. one of the best ways we can help close the wage gap is through salary negotiation training, which was one of the key provisions of this bill. i'm thankful to groups like ladies get paid, and countless others working to empower women to help them advocate for their work. i urge my colleagues to support this bill for the sake of future generations. and mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to introduce this letter from the national coalition of jewish women. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: mr. speaker, i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from missouri, ms. bush.
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the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. bush: mr. speaker, on behalf of w -- wwca u.s.a., i ask unanimous consent to enter into the record a letter in support. the speaker pro tempore: without objection. ms. bush: st. louis and i rise in support of the paycheck fairness act. as a nurse, i earned about 60% of what my white male counterparts in the same position earned. i often imagine how many people in my district experience the same burdens like how much overtime and missing wages we could have accrued every single month. we've been chronically underpaid and chronically undervalued. i stood up to fight for underpaid nurses before, and i stand here today to fight for underpaid women, especially women of color everywhere. pay black, pay brown, pay indigenous, pay aapi women what
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we work. run us our money and run us our money now. thank you and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: mr. speaker, i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from pennsylvania, ms. dean. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. dean: thank you, mr. speaker. and thank you, chairman scott, for leading and for yielding. i rise in support of the paycheck fairness act. it's been more than five decades since the passage of the equal pay act of 1963. yet, a woman still earns only 82 cents on average for every dollar earned by her male counterpart. women of color fair much worse. the paycheck fairness act will ensure equal pay for equal work. it's just that simple and it's just that overdue. gender and racial pay gaps persists, and earnings lost to these gaps are felt even more
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during the covid-19 pandemic. this falls most heavily on women. the fairness -- the paycheck fairness act will update and strengthen the equal pay act to help close this gap. pay inequity not only effects women, it effects children and their family. we have made strides in the past. we know the issue of equal pay prevails -- exists. we must not pass this inequity on. i want my granddaughters, aubrey, ella, as well as my grandson, sawyer, to know that equal pay work is the norm. thank you, chairwoman delauro. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: mr. speaker, i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from michigan, ms. tlaib. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. tlaib: thank you so much. did you know that over 40% of mothers are sole or primary
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breadwinners for their families? it's been over 50 years since the equal pay act was signed into law. yet, the problems that preceded that legislation remain today. so it's time for the paycheck fairness act. across the country, women are paid 80 cents to the dollar that men are paid and the number is lower for women of color. native american women about 57 cents. latina women make just over 50 cents. the discriminatory wage gap is costing women thousands of dollars a year for doing the exact same work as their male counterparts. and i see this right here in my community, in my district where women are forced to longer hours, harder, just to make ends meet and put food on the table for their communities. my community is one of the poorest in the nation. the wage gap is one of the biggest factors for families who are really trying to get out of the cycle of poverty and get the support for their children so
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they can thrive. i'm grateful to my colleagues on the education and labor committee for bringing this long overdue legislation. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: i reserve, mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, i yield one minute to the gentlelady from texas, ms. jackson lee. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. jackson lee: i thank the gentleman from virginia and thank him for his leadership, mr. speaker, and ranking member. according to the women's law center, a woman who works full time year-round would typically lose $406,280 over a 40-year career. this means the woman would have
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to work nine years longer than her male counterparts. 58 years after the enactment of the equal pay act, full-time working amounts to almost 20,000 dollars. they have children and overhead. we found that two million women lost their jobs during the pandemic. hispanic women earn 5 cents. -- 55 cents. african-american women 60 cents. it's time to pass the lilly ledbetter fair pay and also put the -- not to pass it but to put this paycheck fairness bill on the desk of the president's desk. it modernizes the equal pay act, which is what the lilly ledbetter bill did. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman's time has expired. ms. jackson lee: with that i yield back and ask support of this legislation. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the
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gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: mr. speaker, i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: mr. speaker, i'm prepared to close, and i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina. ms. foxx: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, women in terms of employment and pay have made great strides in this country. when i was graduating from high school, basically, there were three open professions for women -- nursing, teaching, being a secretary. we've come a long way. we've also come a long way in terms of wages. do we have -- do we have ways to go in this country in terms of the way everybody thinks about people who are different from them? we certainly do. republicans and democrats both agree that pay discrimination is repugnant and illegal.
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i'll say it again and again. it's repugnant and illegal. despite misguided claims from the other side, this underlying principle is not up for debate. women should not be paid less than men for equal work. however, republicans are not in the business of passing radical and precryptive bills just to -- prescriptive bills just to get flashy headlines and score cheap political points. we are equally committed to promoting both fairness and strong policymaking, and when judged by these standards, today's bill falls woefully short. pay discrimination is illegal. you know, we really heard nothing about the inadequacies of the current law or the current processes.
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what we've heard is we need new legislation. republicans disagree with that. again, we want pay discrimination to be illegal, and we want any such indicateses -- cases to be treated seriously and to be looked at. this bill offers no new protection against pay discrimination in the workplace, however. and that's sorely lacking in this bill. h.r. 7 is nothing more than a trial lawyer payout at the expense of hardworking women. i urge a no vote, and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. the gentlewoman yields back. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. i yield myself the balance of the time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. mr. speaker, this is a critical time to secure equal pay for
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equal work. over the past year, the covid-19 pandemic has driven over two million women out of the workforce. as women return to the workplace, strengthen equal pay will -- gender wage gap for years to come. mr. speaker, the -- we all know the discrimination exists. the fair pay act will allow victims the tools they need to combat and also close loopholes that allow employers to escape liability for discriminatory pay differences. today, we are talking about financial security for millions of families. 64% of mothers are either the sole family breadwinner or co-breadwinner. we cannot continue to allow gender-based pay inequity to rob all workers -- half of all workers and their families the
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wages they deserve. paycheck fairness act is our chance to help finally close the gender wage gap by reinforcing the equal pay act and strengthening protections for working women. the bill would ensure that gender equality on the job is not an aspiration but a reality. madam speaker, i ask our colleagues to support the legislation, and i yield back the balance of my time. . the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. each further amendment printed in part b of house report 117-15 not earlier considered as part of the amendments en bloc, pursuant to section 3 of house resolution 303, shall be considered only in the order printed in the report, may be offered only by a member designated in the report, shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for the time specified in the report, equally divided and controlled by the proponent
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and an opponent, may be withdrawn by the proponent at any time before the question is put thereon, shall not be subject to amendment, and shall in the be subject to a demand for division of the question. it shall be in order at any time for the chair of the committee on education and labor or his designee to offer amendments en bloc con tisting of further amendments printed in part b of house report 117-15, not earlier disposed of. amendments en bloc shall be considered as read, shall be debatable for 20 minutes equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking minority member of the committee on education and labor or their respective designees. shall not be subject to amendment and shall not be subject to demand for division division of the question. for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? mr. scott: madam speaker, pursuant to section 3 of house resolution 303, i rise to offer
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amendments en bloc number 1. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will designate the amendments en bloc. the clerk: en bloc number one consisting of amendments 1, 2,3, 5, and 6 printed in part b of house report 117-15 offered by mr. scott of virginia. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to house resolution 303, the gentleman from virginia, mr. scott, and the gentlewoman from north carolina, ms. foxx, each will control 10 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from virginia. mr. scott: madam speaker, i yield myself one minute. the speaker: the gentleman is recognized. mr. scott: madam speaker, these amendments will require the eeoc to provide for the collection of annual compensation data from employees, disaggregated by race, sex, and national origin. the latter requirement that employees -- employers post notice and distribute information electronically informing employees of their right to -- rights under the
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act. direct the department of labor to establish a program to award employers to engage in training and conduct self-aah dids to reduce biased pay tracktieses, direct the secretary of labor to conduct a study and research literature review on gender pay gap in the teenage work force and re-establish the task force set up under the obama administration to coordinate efforts between the department of lay boffer, dotcht justice and office of personnel management. these will make meaningful improvements to the bill. i urge a yes vote on the en bloc amendment number 1. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: i thank the gentleman. i yield myself such time as i may consume. i'm sorry, madam speaker, i rise in opposition to the en bloc amendments. the speaker pro tempore: the
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gentlewoman is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, madam speaker. i yield myself such time as i may consume. in america, discriminating in pay based on sex is illegal, as codified in the equal pay act and the civil rights act. democrats claim h.r. 7 will improve upon these bipartisan laws to create new opportunities for women to fight pay discrimination. but h.r. -- what h.r. 7 actually does is create new opportunities for trial lawyers to earn higher paychecks while offer nothing new protections for pay discrimination in the workplace. unfortunately, i cannot support any of the democrat amendments to h.r. 7 because none of them addresses the numerous unworkable and onerous provisions in the bill. i appreciate that representative buyer's amendment recognizes the very serious problems with h.r. 7 by attempting to place a fig leaf on the expansive government data collection mandate in the
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bill. however, the equal employment opportunity commission, eeoc, is still required to implement the draconian data collection scheme in the underlying bill which is still extremely misguided, expense i and unnecessary. h.r. 7 requires business owners to submit reams of payday ta to the eeoc, disaggregated by jobs category, rates -- race, sex, and ethnicity. moreover it includes other employment related data including hiring, termination and promotion data which even the discredit 20d16 obama administration payday ta collection scheme did not -- pay data collection scheme did not include. this raises several concerns. it puts at risk volumes of highly confidential spay data involving millions of individual workers. we all know of the widespread data breaches the federal government has suffered.
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second, eeoc will not be able toing more or properly use this data. it has never been explained what exactly the eeoc will do with this data. mavepls, data is not the same as information. third, this mandate is overly burdensome. under the obama administration scheme, the data cells required from business owners when they file an employer information report, eeo-1, with eeoc expanded, from 180 cells to 3,660. let me say that again. from 180 cells to 3,660. h.r. 7's scheme will add hundreds, if not thousands, more data cells. eeoc is estimated with the new reams of pay-- of pay data added
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will cost $600 million annually. i doubt that's going to help one single woman in this country. though this amendment purports to give eeoc more discrergs to implement the data collection, the data collection mandate should be removed from the bill. in any event discretion cuts both ways and the democrat controlled eeoc may choose to implement a data collection scheme even more expansive. let me be clear that the beyer amendment does not incloo -- does not improve the pay data collection mandate in the underlying bill or other serious flaws in other sections of h.r. 7 we've talked about today. representative new map's amendment takes a long-standing, reasonable requirement and makes it disruptive and unworkable. it requires a workplace notice posting of a partisan special notice bill which fails to
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address pay discrimination in the workplace. covered employers must post a notice of equal employment opportunity rights in a conspicuous place at the workplace. employees who tell telecommute or otherwise do not have access to the physical notice must be provided an electronic version. under representative newman's antidepressant the employer must post electronic copies of a new notice on an internal website to which employees have access. this is unrealistism h.r. 7 applies to millions of small business that do not have websites, much less internal websites for their employees. in keeping with the other impractical provisions in h.r. 7, the amendment adds another onerous requirement on small businesses who will be stuck with the bill. representative ocasio-cortez's amendment would create a new program for the department of labor to, i hate to say this word, quote, train, end quote,
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employers regarding bias and negotiation -- in negotiation and other wage setting practices. the amendment includes a nonexhaustive list of 13 wage setting practices on which employers allegedly need education. employer mace understandably view this as 13 new ways for trial lawyers to allege violations of the equal pay act. i'll compliment one aspect of representative ocasio-cortez's amendment. it mentions compensation self-audits. republicans agree that self-audits can be a useful tool in combating pay discrimination and we urge support for the republican substitute amendment which encourages employers to conduct self-evaluations to identify potentially unlawful pay differences and to take steps to rectify any unlawful pay practices. unfortunately, h.r. 7 does not
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encourage the self-evaluations. representative williams' amendment re-establishes the obama era national equal pay enforcement task force. this amendment would establish another politically biased government bureaucracy that includes agencies such as the eeoc and dotcht labor, already tasked with enforcing laws against pay discrimination and ensuring compliance with those laws. madam speaker, i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from north carolina reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, madam speaker. i yield two minutes to my colleague from virginia, mr. beyer. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for two minutes. mr. beyer: thank you, madam speaker. i rise to urge my colleagues to support my amendment to h.r. 7. i was privileged to study -- to serve on the science committee and study physics as an undergraduate and i have been impressed with the hisenberg
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uncertainty principle that says you can't measure something without changing it. as a businessman, you want to be driven by day tark you can'ting more what you can't measure. guaranteing that women and men receive equal pay for equal work is a principle rooted in our nation's commitment to equality and fairness. my amendment would require reporters -- or employers to report pay data by race, national origin and gender to the equal employment opportunity commission and for that to be shared with federal contract compliance programs. it would lengthen the time of inception from 18 to 24 months prorkvide manager time to develop and execute an effective pay data collection. i believe this is not apocryphal to say more than 90% of paychecks are prepared by software, either internal or external. i remember preparing paychecks by hand but it's a very small business that does that anymore. that software will evolve
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overnight, probably through the course of this debate and the burden is likely to be small, small. the amendment also permits but doesn't require use of pay bands or work day and provides flexibility in what type of data to you. it gives eeoc the permission to collect other data but also consider employer burden and confidentiality. pay data by employers promises to shine light on gender and race dispairs, increases the likelihood of self-analysis and self-correction and identifies areas of concern for enforcement agencies. it will allow them to see differences in pay gaps from others in their region. after 50 years adapting to federal regulations, almost every business can find a way to profit from it. i yield back.
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the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: i believe i'm allowed to close, so i'll reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. scott: i have two additional speakers. madam speaker, i yield two minutes to the gentlelady from illinois, ms. newman. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for two minutes. ms. neumann: thank you, madam speaker. i want to thank ms. foxx for her comments. i'll share a tip because i'm a former small business owner. there's this great thing called communication. you can chat with one another and talk about some of their rights i recommend it for everyone. i rise on behalf of all the women in this work force who are to this day making 82 cents on every dollar. my amazing colleagues identified lots of steps that are convincing with strong data. i ask today that everyone consider the 20% of the female
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work force that have either paused or stopped their careers. because of the -- because of the pandemic. it has been devastating, as we know. h.r. 7 builds on the equal pay act and lily led better act by making it harder for employers to pay women for less. when women return to the work force, and i pray they do, we must make sure they're aware of their rights under legislation, verbally, electronically, by any means, it all works. which is why i introduced an amendment that requires employers to display a post for the their workplace in their work scythe or by email or whatever they can do so workers understand they have rights under the act of i urge my colleagues to pass this amendment and this legislation so we can ensure equal work meanest call pay. thank you, madam speaker. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the
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gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: madam speaker, i yield two minutes to the gentlelady from georgia, ms. williams. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for two minutes. ms. williams: thank you, madam speaker. i rise today in support of the paycheck fairness act and my amendment to this bill. on average, full-time working women need to work well into the next year to catch up to the salary of our male counterparts earned the previous year. march 24 marks the date that women's salaries on average caught up to the salaries of our male counterpars in 2020. for several groups of women this date won't come until late they are year. for example, as a black woman, it'll take until august, an additional eight months, to make the same salary of our male counterparts as they did in 2020. the american people look to congress to be a force for economic justice and create policies that are fair and just. it is simply wrong that in the
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21st century, women still face pay inequity. that's why i'm proud to support the paycheck fairness act which will strengthen existing lawing to ensure women are getting the pay they deserve. my amendment will build on this crucial legislation by establishing the equal pay enforcement task force. this task force will ensure putting this task force back in place will bring us one step closer to ensuring women finally receive equal pay for equal work. i urge my colleagues to support this amendment and the bill before us today, to ensure that women are paid fairly. thank you and yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves the balance of her time. the gentleman from north carolina is recognized -- the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, madam speaker. i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlelady reserves the balance of her time. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, mr. speaker. i understand the gentlelady is prepared to close. ok.
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yeah. thank you. madam speaker, i would hope that we would adopt these three good amendments en bloc and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentlewoman from north carolina is recognized. ms. foxx: thank you, madam speaker. madam speaker, i support equal pay for equal work. i don't know how many times republicans have to say that. but we'll keep saying it if necessary. because equal pay for equal work is the right thing to do, but it's also required under two federal statutes. and in most cases it's being adhered to. congress should focus on policies that will continue to increase economic opportunity and expand options for all workers. that's what we should be doing in the education and labor committee. looking for ways to increase
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economic opportunity and expand options for all workers. we shouldn't be doing away with pipeline jobs, we shouldn't be raising taxes, we shouldn't be decreasing options for people to work in this country. but that's what this administration is doing. and that's what the other side is doing. the democrat amendments in the underlying bill fail miserably in terms of increasing options and expanding economic opportunity. it's pushing people into bands, making everybody the same, treating everybody as though they have no individuality, they shouldn't be innovative, they shouldn't be creative, they shouldn't strive for more. that's not the way to go. i urge my colleagues to oppose the democrat en bloc amendment
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and the underlying bill and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman yields. pursuant to house resolution 303, the previous question is ordered on the amendments en bloc offered by the gentleman from virginia. the question is on the amendments en bloc. all those in favor say aye. those owe he is -- those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, the ayes have it. ms. foxx: madam speaker. on that -- the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from north carolina seek recognition? ms. foxx: on that i ask for a recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to section 3-s of house resolution 8, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this question are postponed. it is now in order to consider amendment number 4 printed in part b of house report 117-15.
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for what purpose does the gentlewoman from iowa seek recognition? >> madam chair, the rise as the designee of the representative stefanik and have an amendment at the desk. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will designate the amendment. the clerk: amendment number 4 printed in part b of house report 117-15 offered by mrs. miller-meeks of iowa. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to house resolution 303, the gentlewoman from iowa, mrs. miller-meeks, and a member opposed will each control five minutes. the chair recognizes the gentlewoman from iowa. mrs. miller-meeks: thank you, madam chair. i yield myself as much time as i may consume. equal work deserves equal pay. and we owe it to women to constructively engage on addressing pay disparities in the workplace and put forward real solutions. unfortunately democrats have put forth a bill that prioritizes lawsuits and government regulation over women's economic empowerment and advancement. h.r. 7 would require employers to make intrusive data
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disclosures that would add compliance costs exceeding $600 million per year, while posing a serious threat to workers' privacy and their paychecks. on top of these onerous new requirements, h.r. 7 will force america's businesses to prepare for an onslaught of frivolous lawsuits which now will be open to unlimited compensatory and punitive damages. 40% of small businesses are run by women. and h.r. 7 would make it harder for these women business owners to succeed. this issue is too important to leave to partisan solutions. our amendment, the wage equity act, offers a stark contrast to the approach laid out in h.r. 7. we look to innovation in the states to find bipartisan policies that are supported by both republicans and democrats, and signed by republican governors. proof, the equal pay for equal work is not a partisan issue. the wage equity act supports the empowerment of women in today's economy. america's businesses, particularly our small businesses, seek to do right by their employees.
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in recognition of this, the wage equity act creates a voluntary pay analysis system to encourage the good faith efforts of employers to self-identify and correct any wage disparities should they exist, creating an environment of consistent self-reflection. we believe every american should be able to negotiate employment based upon their qualifications and merit for the position. and a victim of wage discrimination should not have this discrimination follow them to their next job and compound through the rest of their career. this is why this amendment protects the employees' right to not disclose their salary history during the job der view process unless they wish -- interview process unless they wish to do so. at the same time we cannot erode the necessary negotiations that take place in the job interview. the wage equity act protects the ability for an employee and their perspective employer to have a pay expectation conversation, an important rt -- an important part of any negotiation. our amendment protects employees' ability to discuss compensation with their cloo --
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employer -- employers' ability to discuss compensation with their colleagues. furthermore, the wage equity act seeks to put women on equal footing with men as they start their careers, with a grant program targeted towards women in college and career tech programs to provide negotiation skills education. lastly, our amendment directs the g.a.o. to study the manager's gap to give us a clearer sense of the impact new parents leaving the work force have on an employee's future earning and opportunity potential. these are commonsense proposals that are supported by democrats and republicans alike, and i encourage my colleagues to reject partisan government overreach and support practical, bipartisan solutions that improve the existing law of the land, equal pay for equal work, by voting for the stefanik amendment. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman reserves the balance of her time. for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? mr. scott: madam speaker, i rise in opposition to the amendment. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for five minutes. mr. scott: madam speaker, i yield two minutes to the gentlelady from connecticut,
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mrs. hayes. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for two minutes. hathes hayes -- mrs. hayes: madam speaker, i rise in opposition to the amendment offered by ms. stefanik. this amendment would allow employers to self-audit compensation disparity, asking the same employer who may be engaged in pay discrimination to self-police their wage practices is a blatant conflict of interest. rather than actually incentivizing equal pay, as ms. stefanik would claim, this amendment gives employers a tool to hide evidence of pay discrimination and delay any resulting lawsuit and accountability by three years. the very idea behind this provision is insidious. it presumes that employers should be given loopholes to avoid liability after breaking the law. employers do not need a work-around to guard against these types of lawsuits. their best defense is simple. do not engage in wage discrimination. in fact, this amendment actually creates another means for employers to discriminate scr -- to discriminate on the basis of sex by having a vague standard
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for employer defense when accuse ed of wage discrimination. unlike this proposed amendment, h.r. 7 makes clear that any factor other than sex in employer defense must be bona fide, job-related and required by business necessity. employees must be judged by their education, training or experience instead of their gender. as women drop out of the work force in historic numbers due to the pressures of covid-19, we have a responsibility to take every precaution to ensure they do not face discrimination when they return to the work force. the paycheck fairness act ensures all workers will get equal pay for equal work regardless of gender. it will prohibit employers from paying women less simply because another employer paid them less in the past. it helps to expose pay discrimination with more speed and transparency and allows women to fight pay injustices they may experience. the paycheck fairness act fixes a systemic injustice that women have suffered. this amendment would only water down this landmark civil rights
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and labor legislation. i strongly encourage my colleagues to vote no on this amendment and stand up for equity. with that, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. the gentlewoman from iowa is recognized. mrs. miller-meeks: thank you, madam chair. i yield one minute to the gentlewoman from north carolina, ms. foxx. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. foxx: i thank the gentlewoman for yielding. i rise in support of this amendment which was also introduced earlier this week by representative stefanik as a stand-alone bill, h.r. 2491, the wage equity active 2021. unlike the so-called paycheck fairness act, which will unfairly punish business owners and reward trial lawyers at the expense of workers, this amendment will effectively address pay discrimination in the workplace and help working women by ensuring pay differences among workers of the opposite sex are due to legitimate business-related reasons. among other commonsense provisions, this amendment will direct funds and research
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towards women, -- women's advancement in the workplace and will authorize a grant program to educate women in college, careers and technical programs on negotiating pay. this amendment will also allow job applicants to disclose prior salary history voluntarily, ensuring they control this information as they see fit. i urge my colleagues to support this amendment and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from iowa reserves. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: thank you, madam speaker. i yield two minutes to the sponsor of the underlying legislation, the gentlelady from connecticut, ms. delauro. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman is recognized for two minutes. ms. delauro: i rise in opposition to the stefanik amendment. the gender pay gap is a pervasive problem that demands thoughtful, multipronged solutions. the paycheck fairness act represents a comprehensive response to the shortcomings of existing law and addresses the holes that have emerged over time. representative stefanik substitutes a wage equity act --
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subs -- stefanik's subs constitute wage equity act -- substitute wage equity act give a wink and a nod to discrimination. not only would it offer empty protections, it would erode existing protections already if place. the substitute includes inadequate protections for workers who discuss or disclose wages. while protecting employees who disclose or discuss their pay, it allows the employer to place limitations on when, where and how employees may do so. negating the point of the provision. you cannot remedy pay discrimination if you have no idea that you are making less than the man across the hall. when workers fear retaliation for talking about their pay, any wage gap they face is likely to continue to grow. undiscovered in the shadows. more egregiously, there's no mechanism for enforcement, as it would allow employers who conduct self-designed pay audits to escape accountability for unlawful pay disparities and
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deny a worker a remedy. i think it bears repeating that corporations do not feel free to sell a spoiled meat, lock our daughters up in sweatshops with no fire escapes, employ our underage sons in coal mines, force to us work 13-hour work shifts without overtime or a break, because corporations evolve? no, they were forced into greater accountability and social concern by the legitimate actions of a democratic government. in other words, if we depend on goodwill or a self-audit, we are all screwed. this amendment seeks to destroy the entire purpose of the bill, allows companies to evade accountability for violating the law, and i urge a no vote on this amendment. and yes for the paycheck fairness act. and yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman's time has expired. the gentleman from virginia reserves. the gentlewoman from iowa is recognized. mrs. miller-meeks: thank you, madam speaker. i urge my colleagues to support the amendment and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the
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gentlewoman yields back the balance of her time. the gentleman from virginia is recognized. mr. scott: has -- have the proponents of the amendment yielded back all of the time? the speaker pro tempore: they have. mr. scott: thank you. madam speaker, i would hope we would defeat the amendment. this just recreates the loopholes that we're trying to close. you have to start with the idea that there's a differential in pay. what we're trying to do is, if you can explain this any kind of way that's business-related, then they get away with it. the fair pay act says it has to be bona fide and required by the job. if it's not required by the job, why do you have a differential in pay? we can do better than this. i hope we defeat the amendment. i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields. pursuant to house resolution 303, the previous question is ordered on the amendment offered
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by the gentlewoman from iowa. the question is on the amendment. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, the noes have it. >> madam chair. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman seek recognition? >> recorded vote. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to section 3-s of house resolution 8, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this question are postponed. pursuant to clause 1-c of rule 19, further consideration of h.r. 7 is postponed. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business is the vote on the motion of the gentleman from new jersey, mr. pallone, to suspend the rules
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and pass h.r. 1215 as amended. on which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title. the clerk: h.r. 1215, a bill to establish an office within the federal trade commission and an outside advisory group to prevent fraud, targeting seniors and to direct the commission to include additional information in an annual report to congress on fraud targeting seniors and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill as amended. members will record their votes by electronic device. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.]
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. lieu, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lieu will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from illinois seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. rush, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. rush will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from connecticut seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mrs. wilson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. wilson will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. moore, ms. moore will vote -- pursuant to
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house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. moore will vote yes on h.r. 1215. men mr. lowenthal, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lowenthal will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? >>s in interest of clear enounsuation, as the member designated by mr. lowenthal, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lowenthal will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. keating, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. keating will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from washington seek recognition? >> mr. speaker, as the member designated by ms. sewell, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. sewell will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from illinois seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. moulton, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. moulton will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. wasserman schultz, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that ms. wasserman schultz will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from illinois seek recognition? mr. garcia: madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. grijalva, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. grijalva will vote yea on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from new york seek recognition? ms. malliotakis: madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. stefanik of new york, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that ms. stefanik will vote yea on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition? ms. pressley: as the member designated by representative omar, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that representative omar will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> thank you, madam speaker. i rise as the member designated by mr. nehls, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. nehls will vote yea on h.r. -- or -- yeah, on -- h.r. 1215. thank you. i'd also like to rise, as the member designated by mr. babin, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. babin will vote yea on house resolution 1215. and one more. madam speaker, thank you. as the member designated by mr. dan crenshaw, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. crenshaw will vote yea on house resolution 1215. thank you.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? mr. correa: madam speaker, as the member designated by congress member napolitano, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that congress member napolitano will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? mr. pallone: madam speaker, as the member designated by mrs. bonnie watson coleman, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mrs. watson coleman will vote yes on h.r. 1215. as the member designated by mr. donald payne, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. payne will vote yes on h.r. 1215.
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as the member designated by mr. donald norcross, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. norcross will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from michigan seek recognition? ms. stevens: madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. slotkin, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that ms. slotkin will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? mr. evans: madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. lawson of florida, pursuant to h.res. 8, i inform the house that mr. lawson will vote yes on h.r.
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1215, the motion to suspend the rules. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. cardenas, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. cardenas will vote yes. on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from arizona seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. green of georgia, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. green will vote nay on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from virginia seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. allred, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. allred will vote yes on h.r. 1215. as the member designated by ms. porter, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. porter will vote yes on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from maryland seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. mfume, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. mfume will vote aye on h.r. 1215. as the member designated by ms. jayapal, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. jayapal will vote aye on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> good afternoon, madam speaker. as the member designated by ms. lori trahan of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. trahan will vote yes on h.r. 1215, the fraud and scam reduction act, as amended. madam speaker, as the member designated by the honorable mr. richard neal of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. neal will also vote yes on h.r. 1215. the fraud and scam reduction act as amended. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from south carolina seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. wilson of south carolina, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. wilson will vote yes on h.r. to 1215.
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as the member designated by mr. steube of florida, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. steube will vote yea on h.r. 1215. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? >> as the member designated by chairwoman eddie bernice johnson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that chairwoman johnson will vote yea on h.r. 1215.
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 396, the nays are 13. 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business is the vote on the motion of the gentleman from new jersey, mr. pallone, to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 1416 on which the yeas and nays are ordered. the clerk will report the title. the clerk: h.r. 1460, a bill to encourage states to install residential carbon monoxide
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detectors in homes and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass the bill? members will record their votes by electronic device. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.] the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from virginia seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. lieu, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lieu will vote yes on h.r. 1416. -- 1460. as the member designated by mr. lowenthal, pursuant to house
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resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lowenthal will vote yes on h.r. 1460. as the member designated by ms. moore, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. moore will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from virginia seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. allred, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. allred will vote yes on h.r. 1460. as the member designated by ms. porter, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. porter will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. nehls, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. nehls will vote yea on house resolution 1460. i also rise as the member designated by mr. dan crenshaw, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. crenshaw will vote yes on house
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resolution 1460. and madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. -- dr. brian babin, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that dr. babin will vote yea on house resolution 1460. thank you, madam speaker. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. jeffries: as the member designated by chairwoman eddie bernice johnson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that chairwoman johnson will vote yea on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from arizona seek recognition? >> as the member designated by ms. green of georgia, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. green will
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vote nay on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from maryland seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. mfume, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. mfume votes aye on h.r. 1460. as the member designated by ms. jayapal, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. jayapal votes aye on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. grijalva, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. grijalva will vote aye on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by congress member
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napolitano, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that congress member napolitano will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. lawson of florida, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lawson will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from michigan seek recognition? >> as the member designated by ms. slotkin, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. slotkin will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. keating, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. keating will vote yes on h.r. 1416. -- 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from massachusetts seek recognition? mr. lynch: as the member designated by the honorable ms. lori trahan of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. trahan will vote yes on h.r. 60. -- 1460. madam speaker, as the member designated by the honorable mr. richard neal of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. neal will vote yes on h.r. 1460. thank you.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from connecticut seek recognition? mrs. hayes: as the member designated by ms. wilson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. wilson will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from south carolina seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. wilson of south carolina, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. wilson will vote yea on h.r. 1460. madam speaker, neglected mr. steube of florida, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. steube will vote nay on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the the gentlewoman from washington seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. sewell, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. sewell will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> as the member designated by congressman cardenas, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that congressman cardenas will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? mr. pallone: madam speaker, as
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the member designated by mrs. bonnie watson coleman, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. watson coleman will vote yes on h.r. 1460. as the member designated by mr. donald payne, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. payne will vote yes on h.r. 1460. finally, as the member designated by mr. donald norcross, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. norcross will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from new york seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by by ms. stefanik of new york, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. stefanik will vote yea on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition?
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>> as the member designated by representative omar, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that representative omar will vote yes on h.r. 1460. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mrs. watson coleman, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. watson coleman will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from illinois seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. rush, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. rush will vote yes on h.r. 1460. as the member designated by mr. moulton, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. moulton will vote yes on h.r. 1460.
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the speaker pro tempore: on this vote, the yeas are 362, the nays are 49. 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed. without objection, the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. pursuant to clause 1-c of rule 19, further consideration of h.r. 7 will now resume. the clerk will report the title. the clerk: union calendar number 2, h.r. 7, a bill to amend the fair labor standards act of 1938 to provide for more effective remedies to the discrimination in wages on the bay basis of sex and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, the unfinished business is the question on amendments en bloc number 1 printed in part b of house report 117-15, offered by the gentleman from virginia. on which further proceedings were postponed and on which the
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yeas and nays were ordered. the clerk will redesignate the amendments en bloc. the clerk: en bloc number 1, consisting of amendments number 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6, printed in part b of house report 117-15, offered by mr. scott of virginia. the speaker pro tempore: the question is on the amendments en bloc offered by the gentleman from virginia. members will record their votes by electronic device. [captioning made possible by the national captioning institute, inc., in cooperation with the united states house of representatives. any use of the closed-captioned coverage of the house proceedings for political or commercial purposes is expressly prohibited by the u.s. house of representatives.] the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from illinois seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. rush, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. rush on amendments en bloc number 1. as the member designated by mr. moulton, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. moulton will vote yes on amendments en bloc number 1. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from illinois seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member
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designated by mr. grijalva, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. grijalva will vote aye on amendments en bloc number one. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from pennsylvania seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mr. lawson of florida, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. lawson votes yea on en bloc number 1. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new jersey seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by ms. bonnie watson
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coleman, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. watson coleman will vote yes on the amendments en bloc number 1 and as the member designated by mr. donald payne, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. payne will vote yes on amendments en bloc 1. finally, as the member designated by mr. donald norcross, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. norcross will vote yes on amendments en bloc number 1. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from florida seek recognition? >> as the member designated by ms. wasserman schultz, pursuant
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to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. wasserman schultz will vote yea on the amendments en bloc number 1. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from maryland seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mr. mfume, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. mfume will vote aye on amendments en bloc 1. as the member designated by ms. jayapal, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. jayapal will vote aye on amendments en bloc 1.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from connecticut seek recognition? >> as the member designated by mrs. wilson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. wilson will vote yes on the amendments en bloc 1. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> good afternoon, madam speaker. as the member designated by ms. lori trahan of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. trahan will vote yes on agreeing to en bloc number 1 authored by representative scott.
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and madam speaker, as the member designated by the honorable mr. richard neal of massachusetts, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. neal will also vote yes on agreeing to en bloc number 1 offered by representative scott. thank you. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition? >> as the member designated by omar, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that representative omar will vote yes on the amendments en bloc 1.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from california seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by congress member napolitano, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that congress member napolitano will vote yes on amendments en bloc one.
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the speaker pro tempore: the the gentlewoman from washington. ms. delbene: mr. speaker, as the member designated by ms. sewell, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. sewell will vote yes on the amendments en bloc number one. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentle person from washington rise? -- new york. ms. tenney: mr. speaker, as the member designated by ms. stefanik of new york, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that ms. stefanik will vote neigh on the
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amendments en bloc.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentlewoman from massachusetts seek recognition? ms. clark: as the member designated by mr. keating, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mr. keating will vote yes on amendments en bloc number one.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas seek recognition? >> as the member designated by congressman cardenas, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that congressman
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cardenas will vote yes on amendment en bloc one.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from new york seek recognition? mr. jefferies: as the member designated by chairwoman eddie bernice johnson, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that chairwoman johnson will vote yea on amendments en bloc number one.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from arizona seek recognition? >> madam speaker, as the member designated by mrs. greene from georgia, pursuant to house resolution 8, i inform the house that mrs. greene will vote neigh on the -- nay on the amendments en bloc.
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the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman s

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