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tv   Student Cam - First Prize Middle School  CSPAN  April 18, 2018 3:00pm-3:09pm EDT

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>> recently, this issue has become a controversy over freedom, equality and basic rights. with 1.2 million females deciding to terminate a pregnancy every year, the issue is of growing importance. however, this topic continues to be disputed. many people argue that abortion sun constitutional. yet -- is unconstitutional. yet denifle abortion can also be seen as an abridgement of the 14th amendment. >> women have a constitutional right under both the liberty clause and the equality clause in the 14th amendment to make decisions about whether or not they want to be a parent. >> an abortion terminates the pregnancy of a female through a pill or surgery. at that point, the child the female is carrying is a group of cells known as an embryo or
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fetus. many women choose to terminate a pregnancy based on their own readiness and feelings about having a child. >> women make these decisions for a whole host of reasons. women's decisions about what -- exreas appropriate for them are vary -- exreas appropriate for them are as varied as there are women. >> i got pregnant when i was in college. i was 2021. i made the decision -- 20, 21. i made the decision to have my daughter but i considered not. >> however, the right to an abortion has been met with a variety of controversies. many people argue that the embryo or fetus should be considered human and therefore must be protected by all american rights. >> abortion is the killing of an unborn child. it's homicide. >> the two sides of the argument are known usually as anti-abortion or pro-life for those against abortion. and pro-choice for those who support abortion. these opposing sides have continued to fight. each one attempting to prove their constitutionality. amendment 14 of the constitution declare noes state shall make or enforce any law
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which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens in the united states. nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property. without due process of law. this raises several controversy questions including, is abortion protected by the 14th amendment? are abortion restrictions abridgements of life and liberty and therefore unconstitutional? and most importantly, what is the future of america's reproductive rights? one of the most important cases to create legal measures for abortion was roe v. wade, a 1973 supreme court case where a woman was denied an abortion by the state of texas. the plaintiff argued that restrictions of abortion were denials of life and liberty and therefore against the 14th amendment. as a result, it was decided that abortions would be legal during the first trimefter of pregnant. >> -- pregnancy. >> specifically what roe v. wade decided was that in order to not deprive women of liberty and due process of liberty, that women had to be allowed to have abortions prior to viability. so the supreme court has
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recognized repeatedly that the right to reproductive choice, that is, to decide whether or not to have a baby and when to have a baby, is critical to the equality of women. >> however, some argue that roe v. wade came to an unconstitutional decision and should be overturned. >> abortion has not been a right in american history before roe vs. wade. a few states before roe vs. wade in the 1960's legalized abortion to one extent or another. approximately 13 to 14 states. but even those states did not legalize it to the sweeping degree that the court did in roe vs. wade. the service was almost impossible to obtain if these laws are enacted. >> in my view, all of these kinds of laws are intended to make abortion more expensive, more dangerous, more difficult to obtain. and really places hurdles in the path of women trying to
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seek a valid legal, what should be a safe medical procedure. >> in many areas of the united states, abortions are inaccessible. as a result, many women must endure an unwanted pregnancy, which can have several important impacts. >> i had a complicated pregnancy. pregnancy is not something anyone should be forced to endure if it's not what they choose. it is literally the idea of forcing someone to ntlemen'state and give birth is a desecration and invasion. >> however, many people with a pro-life viewpoint argue that abortion creates more issues for females. >> enforcing abortion laws would, i think, promote women's health in the united states. and reduce maternal mortality and contribute to women's flourishing. >> according to the institute of medicine, unintended pregnancies may cause women to have greater risk of depression and domestic violence. a study conducted in new zealand showed that 13.4% of people who had unintended pregnancies encountered domestic violence in the jirkse
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after conception. yet it was 5.4% for females who had intended to conceive. additionally, an unintended pregnancy can stop females from continuing their education. as they must care for their infant. this leads to decreased opportunities for careers and income. the final piece of the abortion bubble is its constitutional. tier -- constitutionality. amendment 14 clearly states humans cannot be denied life, liberty or property without due process of law. yet, this statement can be interrupted in many -- interpreted in many forms. this has caused many disputes about how abortion should be handled. which has been met with extremely pour lar beliefs on the subject. >> we have to hope the day when roe vs. wade is overturned the court returns the issue to the american people. >> it's really critical for their health and for the recognition that they make important and have the ability and legal ability to make important decisions about their lives. >> if women can't control their reproduction, they can't participate fully in society. >> yet there have been several government efforts to restrict
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abortion. in 2010, current vice president mike pence attempted to pass a bill that would completely defund planned parenthood, a major abortion provider. current president donald trump has also claimed that women who have abortions should be punished. over time, abortion has emerged as a pressing issue. shaping the way we view women's right, the constitution and our nation itself. restrictions to this procedure have been widely disputed. with many females being negatively affected when abortion is denied. yet the national government appears to have been -- [inaudible] -- with more restrictions. raising unanswered questions. could abortion become illegal? what would happen if abortion is restricted? and most importantly, will the country still promote the general welfare and life and liberty if women are denied the right to choose? >> if you're deprived half the population of liberty and potentially life simply because they have the potential to get pregnant, you're making them second class citizens.
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[captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2018] >> as we mentioned the house is in recess to members can attend the memorial service for the late congresswoman, louise slaughter. a live picture from statuary hall. that's where the preparations are under way for the event. we will have live coverage for you here on c-span in just about 4:00 eastern time. until then, tributes to ms. slaughter's life and legacy from her colleagues. mr. tonko: thank you. it's with deep sadness that i rise to celebrate the extraordinary life

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