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tv   The Civil War Fallen Leaders - Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard  CSPAN  October 3, 2021 5:35pm-6:31pm EDT

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>> i have the distinct privilege of introducing one of my fellow
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colleagues. sean received his m.a. at southeastern louisiana university. his first book was the battle of petersburg june 15 through 1864 and a second book is grant left hook about this bermuda campaign. coming soon is a biography of p.g.t. beauregard called dreams of victory one of the first biographies to be published in the emerging civil war series. currently in new orleans tour guide who resides in the french quarter. please give a warm welcome to sean. [applause] >> hi, how are you? can you hear me? is this good right here? thank you all. i will be speaking about general
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p.g.t. beauregard and i will mention first there is no powerpoint. the powerpoint is great but i wanted to give you something a little unique. this is a painting hanging in the confederate museum in charleston and i was able to take a high-quality photograph and there's one thing i'd like to mention of about the painting. you may of 1890s and it has some interesting data on it. his uniform looks very nice from here but if you see it up posted as stains and holes in it as well. that's very interesting. they didn't give him a >> tech uniform and imagine that because this guy's career had a lot of holes. [laughter] that got a laugh. so anyway this gentleman's full name has to be one of the most over the top of the civil war although some have a competition.
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gustov thomas beauregard. he is a creole from louisiana. this makes him unique from almost everybody else in the country. this is a culture defined by the french spanish and african. he grows up in privilege on a plantation. his family lineage is you can trace back to the 13th century to the man who fled wales. most of his ancestors were in the military. the first one to come to weighs in was a naval officer so this is in some ways already in the family tradition and as a young boy he takes an interest in that especially when it's presented with a the birthday present one day of a musket fired by british soldier in the battle of new orleans and everybody is there to celebrate his birthday and he shoots the musket off that it will become an obsession and his family decides to send the meadows school in new york city run by two frenchmen who served under napoleon bonaparte one of
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whom had been getting the legion of honor. he starts pouring over books of napoleon and declares him the greatest cat demo of all times even as he raids -- reach other forms of military history. without his father is able to get them to west point west point by the way he doesn't make a lot of friends. there were a few anecdotes of his classmates have been that he has a lot of less mates sherman mcdowell in need but it does graduate some business class. he has a prestigious post with the engineers and he has a good career but where he will really excel is in the mexican-american war along with george mcclellan and robert e. lee. he will do excellent in this war but his finest hour will come at outside of mexico city. they are discussing how they are they are going to attack this
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fortified position and scott looked at our guard and said the equivalents of young men what you think and he says i think you should attack their strongest point or they will see you coming and you can surprise them. the presence as i second that it's got the sure thing, let's do it. it's no small thing and they left one of scott's generals. he leaves the tent and it goes we lost. well it works. beauregard is the most fluent speaker of spanish and army and the one who starts the surrender of mexico city. when he returns to new orleans yes robert e. lee at his side and they are given a giant party in the french quarter and his family renames a plantation after the battle of compare us one of the ones you really have proven himself that. in the mexican-american war is
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over this is one of the bright shining lights of the united states army and throughout the 1840s and 18 50's he posted to louisiana. think about that for a minute all you grant people. robert e. lee would send them all over the country. overgaard gets to hang out in louisiana with friends and family and everybody he knows. this has to be one of the most rest jobs any officer had an 18 50's. even then he has no room to complain. in the 18 50's you see a lot of blower guards strengths and weaknesses so let me gives him strength. this man is a superb engineer. he's highly intelligent one of the smartest generals north and south. he fluent in several different languages and also inventor. he is better versed in military history than most of his contemporaries.
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his own maxims based on the maxims of napoleon however he he's also showing some of his weaknesses. he's annoyed that he didn't get much credit for mexico but he deserved. he needs to be number one in a big part of that is because just because you are the smartest person doesn't make you the easiest person to work with. and i think beauregard never quite got over that so his opinion was like leave mcclellan hewitt say they deserve praise but he felt he didn't get enough and feels that he deserved more than those gentlemen did. in addition to that overgaard shows he's completely inept in politics. if you heard our guard's proclamations they are overheated and over-the-top and
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therefore very fun to read but it means he doesn't understand what's going on in politics. one of his only success and political forays was his first one. he runs for the mayor of new orleans and he calls it one of the stupidest decisions of my entire life. he's regretful of that in throughout his life he will prove to be inept at politics. despite all of this he's a brilliant engineer and the people to secure himself a position at west point is a civil war is about to begin. i read this letter of what he thinks of election and it proves how politically inept he is. he said reckon ritual the president. it will not happen because it will be stopped by john slidell and benjamin in one secession and he also says there will be no civil war.
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i actually think he went thinking nothing was going to happen and it does. west point he set the academy for three days the shortest superintendent of all time. he returns to louisiana and there he receives what you might call his first insult of the war and this one you do feel for him. he's one of louisiana's most celebrated soldiers the native son. bragg is friends with big governor and he was fiery and beauregard was kind of the conditional soldiers so beauregard and a half turns down another position becomes a private anacor battalion buddies not going to say a private for very long. jefferson davis is essentially hello can i come to montgomery just to have a chat and
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jefferson davis says -- and this begins the most important and pivotal the relationship of beauregard's life. he's very impressed with beauregard. he knows his reputation for mexico. beauregard went over secretary of worley wright hoped walker was overwhelmed with the job he has for him. beauregard is asking an unofficial adviser and they will send them to charleston south carolina where you have the crisis of fort sumter. this is one of several brilliant personnel moves the davis does with low regard. he not only had the engineering field for this but have the personality for this because he's a man that becomes a aristocratic of pedigree very charming and over-the-top rhetoric and he feels it will rally the people of charleston and he is absolute correct.
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beauregard knows -- he does very well at fort sumter. the ford folsom overgaard is the premier military hero in command of the largest army in virginia to time the one he would lead to victory at all run at this time p.g.t. beauregard is the confederacy's number one hero. people were singing jackson praises at times but not like beauregard. people were naming their children after him. i've seen every different angle of beauregard you can imagine except for the back of his head. they have prince of him all over the south and in many ways beauregard gets numerous letters and lots of female admirers. one of the best ones was someone
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behind union like to send buttons that said let us out. the cherry sisters involved in the confederate flag which beauregard helped to design. having a great time here psyched the confederate symbol but i found this piece of hypocrisy. one of his subordinates the commander of the virginia resident says i would like to take leave to see my wife. it's a very quiet time in 1861. blower guards quote is amazing. there is no such thing as wives now you are wedded to the confederate cause. [laughter] i just imagined him saying this and he looks over and sees the cherry sisters walking around. all that angst that it's the fall of 181 when overgaard runs into problems.
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he is number five on the list and one of samuel cooper robert e. lee and joseph johnson and fifth is p.g.t. beauregard and the definitely annoys him. i'm the guy who went to fort sumter and i'm below everybody else? but he takes it in stride at first. every time beauregard goes to johnson johnson says nope. you start sending messages to david of the strategic plans and davis says no. very courteously though constantly craving beauregard's attention and all of his letters begin with your friend. people like to criticize beauregard understandably so.
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he tents to make plans when the enemy is stationary and they could do whatever they wanted to but i will say this is idea of concentration rapid movement i think were very sound. i don't think it's a great strategist but a competent strategist and a far better strategist than other generals in this war. he starts to -- but the big one is with benjamin of louisiana a man that beauregard counted not as a friend but at least as a political ally. they have an argument of both who the chief court it should be. davis upholds benjamin. the same time there's a growing tension between the factions of the confederacy i'm sorry between guard davis and the politics. davis's political opponents are thinking maybe we should make beauregard president.
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davis isn't. at the same time beauregard is becoming highly critical of davis's advisers. he said his advisers should be, could be sent on a foreign mission to the celestial empire or to japan. we all know the confederacy really needs to happen is recognition. at the same time the secretary of the nations steven mallory believes beauregard one of the most self-sufficient vein and the army. tell us what you really think. they have that tension davis doesn't like beauregard and davis is seen as a political rival. but beauregard is not as
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question goes. he's not very good at politics and jefferson davis is. when davis says i want you to make up with benjamin beauregard sent a letter where he half apology and he replies your friend. they no longer have warm and fuzzy relations with that said davis still thinks beauregard is a competent officer with a high regard for engineering skills and beauregard is a first-rate engineer that is life. that said it's obvious that beauregard can stay in virginia and with all the political tension going on beauregard makes a major faux pas. this one he finally squashes rumors of becoming president since davis a letter where he says i've pitied rather than invade those positions of
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authority. wait you are going to send your president a letter saying i don't. you? no wonder they don't get along. beauregard wants to be posted to new orleans. taking soundings about the based around their. it worked in jackson and fort phillip. he would have been a perfect fit for that command did not just that beauregard new where the union went to new orleans. davis doesn't do it and he will send them out west after the confederate disaster so he gets sent packing west. he will serve under albert sidney johnston. from one johnson to another johnson and he and johnson get along pretty well. by the time he arrives for henry has fallen. beauregard's arrival was met with lots of cheering because he
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still the premier military commander to johnson and beau are guard decide johnson will receive the evacuation of the army from bowling green kentucky and beauregard will go to western tennessee and see concentration with the mayor picked this one of his finest hours as the commander overseeing that concentration getting his troops organized in securing that area and johnson arrives they emerge at the mississippi man both of them will decide to attack grant at shiloh church. shiloh is the turning point of beauregard's regarding there's a shadow that follows him to run his life and it will follow him even after death. you see for one thing that beauregard and his chief of staff congress jordan set on the marching plan and it wasn't a good one but it was overly complicated. beauregard had a complicated
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tactical plan in his plan to attack the confederate infantry they start to match -- merge together causing ultimate chaos on the battlefield. it should be noted the attack on april 4th and the day before beauregard is in a conference with the corps commanders and beauregard said he cannot attack them. they have to know we are here and his words are they will be entrenched in the eyes. johnson being very silent and not a very talkative guy eventually stands up and makes that famous decorations and says gentlemen tomorrow we attack them at daylight and in turn if he turns to william preston and he says i would fight them if they are -- beauregard comes up and says we can't attack them. at shiloh you have to army commanders through johnson is at
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the front lines bringing them in hero glee and beauregard will be the rear overseeing where the forces go so some could argue that beauregard is in many ways the commander in shiloh but around 2:30 p.m. johnson dies after a successful attack. both regard as the sole commander of the army he will continue those attacks to push grant to the landing and dusk is coming in because of the attacks. at the time it makes perfect sense. they are exhausted and low on ammunition. grant's last line that the confederates are hitting at that moment. the gunboats are firing off and while the gunboats didn't hit the soldiers near the landing they were landing not too far from where beauregard was. beauregard calls it off the army
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backstop and beauregard receives intelligence. one of the reasons they attacked shiloh they were afraid if they didn't attack the army of ohio would merge and with grant's army of west tennessee and they would be if not unstoppable much harder target. the intelligence of beauregard recieve that night said he is invading northern alabama. the army is arriving and they have steamed mussels going off all the time and beauregard thought grant army is evacuating. now of course famously they figured out what was going on and he was never able to find beauregard in the chaos of that night. april 7 comic con 62 the second day of shiloh the hardest day of beauregard's life at least militarily he starts watching a series of attacks that drive
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them into the river and he realizes maybe it's only part of the army but by noon he's confirmed that he has three divisions coming from grant army. around this time the beauregard starts ago wagons up to the rear and counterattacks meant to stem the tides. personally the same creoles he observed within 1861 grabbing their flag and calling out to them and leading to an attack. these attacks managed to slow down the union as they are dancing in the federal army escapes from shiloh. after that beauregard does a pretty good job but ultimately they lost and then he makes the second biggest mistake of his career. beauregard is very bad.
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i'm shocked that he stayed as long as he did. he forgets to ask davis if he can take medical leave and he does it anyway and davis has an excuse to fire him placing them at bragg. though regards political allies said go to davis and say we'd like to put beauregard back in demand and davis said if they asked me i would tell them no. one can understand why beauregard would say about davis he stinks in my nostrils and when the war is over he said he has killed my faith in our glorious and holy cause. i'm paraphrasing there. at any rate at this time beauregard is unemployed but shiloh has dampened in popular
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and you have the victory of the second manassas and they become the premier military unit. beauregard still of course is really popular in charleston. this is one of his best decisions. they said the man is a brilliant engineer. he will defend charleston in 1863 from a combined union land enabled attack in one of the reasons they went is because of beauregard. the plan they would use he called it a perfect piece of folly and he succeeded. in 1863 how many other generals are winning strategic victories? bragg had failed and we went to gettysburg pittsburgh has fallen port hudson has fallen. beauregard winds i would argue
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the only major confederate victory in 1863 cities once again a popular hero and there is political pressure from davis to put them in command and robert e. lee. he always had a high regard for beauregard abilities and support from braxton brag who is his military adviser. beauregard is given a command and this would be charge to the south in virginia and north carolina. with this he will take on benjamin that were and ultimately defeat him winning two important battles. however it should be said these battles were a bit sloppy at would say especially -- the union could have easily one of partly because his plan was overly complicated and this is happening when jefferson davis is nearby. davis gives beauregard a lot of support and he says i know you're situation.
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and at the battle's of beauregard promised a smashing victory so davis writes up an afternoon to see that victory only to see that it hasn't happened yet and in davis' mind it's not enough to see it that beauregard would have had to make a great decisive victory and understand they are meeting before the battle happens and probably the only cordial meeting they'd had in over two or three years. the failure though destroyed butler's army even though beauregard is successful in beating them it's not enough and then you have petersburg but i would say this is one of the finest defensive victories in the entire civil war and definitely beauregard's best battle for days fighting against the odds against the union army especially on day one and two.
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he holds onto defeats them and you know how davis repays him for this? looking into an inquiry about his evacuation. this doesn't go anywhere but he looks into it. beauregard is the last straw for him truly feels he's won this victory and has been so insulted in play. in august of 18 safety for beauregard leads troops and the union is victorious there. they are heavy casualties but that said it's still a defeat. robert e. lee is simply says we should probably send them somewhere else. he feels uncomfortable here essentially but davis becomes the department commander a massive job with no power. he oversees the confederate strategic operations in the
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theater and it amounts to he shuffles around troops and look to sticks and has the task of trying to stop sherman for marching to georgette especially south carolina in impossible position. he then gets replaced with joseph e. johnson second and command him essentially. now the second command is some guy named johnson. joseph p. johnson, beauregard when he is with johnson says hey i got the battle of denton villain they are retreating. i should help you rally the troops and johnson says stay where you are. the war is over and beauregard has one final meeting with davis. davis meets with joseph e. johnson and they continue the war that johnson said was impossible. the men won't fight and we continued his track record and anyone who dies is a waste. davis looks at beauregard he says what you think and he says
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i agree. when davis weaves beauregard said when he left he slumped down knowing it was really over and in beauregard's words kind of touching in a way he said game to the last but how blind. beauregard makes his way back to louisiana and would live in new orleans for the rest of his life. we could go on and on about his work at the row road and fights for equal voting and civil rights but i will continue to concentrate on the most important fight of his life his fight with jefferson davis. if you think it was better before he is the -- it's about to get the rams get. beauregard merely start collecting items to write his memoirs of the he's almost immediately thinking how do i defend my reputation?
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however because he is working for the row road he doesn't get around to it until the 1880s beating a lot of guys to the punch and johnson c. johnson did downplay this role at first this since their friendship and there's william preston johnson. albert c. johnson writes a biography of his father a very touching biography the one that's very negative towards beauregard and then you have jefferson davis' rise and fall of the confederate see which i have read and you would hardly know beauregard had any -- but beauregard is amazing produces the fiction of romance which should have been called the rise and fall of jeff davis by himself. he writes his own memoirs which have the not catchy title of the military operations of general beauregard, two volumes and these memoirs if you are looking for a good read go elsewhere.
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[laughter] they had some good passages. he didn't just write these on notes he wanted to have a man alfred roman. alfred roman's father governor of louisiana was the one who gave beauregard his position at west point. at any rate beauregard and roam and rub them together. some say he's a ghostwriter but in my research i find roman really is involved in the writing very closely not just taking tate's from beauregard. the book is not a great read like i said. it's better full love defenses of himself but i will say this is the primary historical research is by far one of the best a memoir said american civil war. it's very documented and he
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prince letters from other people. i find his memoirs as a piece of literature and a first-rate primary source of one of the better memoirs. this memoir does not sell well. it's not well-written and then you get the final straw with jefferson davis. in 1887 jefferson davis comes to new orleans to dedicate a statue to albert johnson. the statue is the army of tennessee tumulus and the veterans cemetery. have you've been there before? the millionaires cemetery and there are lots of fun stories about it but we'll stick to this one. the tumulus is like a burial mound if you will. there's one in the army of northern virginia.
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northern virginia is a statue of stonewall jackson and on his horse fire-eater at the battle of shiloh. for davis shiloh was a turning point of the war. albert c. johnson was his friend and more than that he was his role model. famously said if people were asking for johnson's approval if he weren't of the confederate -- he had nothing to give you. his friend died of shiloh but it's worse than that first day of shiloh beauregard sent a message saying we want a complete victory. davis's confidence was restored for beauregard to say well that in go as planned. we lost them by the way your favorite general is dead and now i'm in charge. so when davis' mind and the mind
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of many people johnson had lived they would have one shiloh. beauregard would have called off the attack. they have this big statue dedication of the tumulus. one of which is randomly gibson. gibson was a brigade commander in chai leng a political ally. gibson and his time believed in equal voting and civil rights for people and a lot of things they agreed on however by this time beauregard -- the gibson gives a speech that beauregard didn't do well here in guesses in the audience everybody? beauregard. davis says the same thing in no uncertain words essentially saying if johnson had lived they would have one shiloh and probably the war. beauregard confided to elford roman that it was all lies and
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the statue of albert johnson was get this a monument to the wrong man. two years later jefferson davis dies in the garden district in new orleans the largest funeral in new orleans history buried in the army of northern virginia tumulus. he's asked to be involved in his funeral and his lines are, no. i cannot pretend i'm sorry he is gone. i am no hypocrite. what i agree. unless you are talking about trying to -- that being said beauregard dies in 1893 he outlives almost all of the other
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generals meet and grant sherman mcdowell outlives all of them and he was given a large and lavish funeral. it was not his biggest davis' funeral. he is placed in the army of tennessee tumulus. so there you go davis and beauregard are in dueling tumulus is. they moved to davis's body and put it in a cemetery in richmond. i like to think they were likely can't have these guys hanging out in the same cemetery. their skeletons are liable to come out in battle for control. the beauregard is the highest ranking officer in that tumulus. the statue on top of him is johnson. he can never get from below johnson.
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all that is to say what about beauregard overall because it's a mixed and complicated one. there are various generals but none is dramatic as p.g.t. beauregard and he doesn't have a glowing reputation. nor does he have an entirely negative one either. for one thing he's the hero of 1861 a man whose the darling of the confederacy in the war which is something of a romance and there's poetry to shiloh because shiloh is the first battle of the civil war on the scale of the slaughters of waterloo and all those battles fought in europe. nothing to take away from wilson's creek or bull run but they didn't achieve the scale of shiloh for a variety of reasons. beauregard being the hero something of a romance.
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being the victor will run the most famous battle of the civil war but also any assessment of beauregard is a command if you're being fair would have to be overall positive. almost no other confederate general had as much success as he did especially as the commander of the army almighty where party we had more. beauregard has a victory or bull run and i will say this when the chips are down all right he was railing soldiers and ordered the counterattacks that turned the tide in battle. he had this brilliant defense of charleston and petersburg one of the tactical masterpieces of the civil war. he has these things going his favorite nothing to take away from the forces of stone well
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jackson. for new orleans in the city he was mostly locally popular previa been active in social affairs and charity cases especially concerning orphans that john dell hood and his work on per server will be deanna's creel culture. and he worked on the row wrote and introduced a prototype of what would become the streak are the people associated with new orleans although it wasn't that particular streetcar. there are a lot of reasons why beauregard's reputations were not so hot on one of those to shiloh. doing the research and shiloh and every confederate veteran -- that starts by 1891 and beauregard is dead by 1893. said giant character assassination piece for
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beauregard. i think of johnson would have lived he would have one but occasionally some of beauregard's allies who come as they want to set the record straight. i ran into a questionnaire from the 1920s a questionnaire for gradeschool kids about confederate history and one of the questions is explained in your estate how beauregard lost shiloh. [laughter] so that shadow will follow him his entire life and not just that the building he lived in after the civil war was haunted by the soldiers who died in shiloh who chased them eventually. there were also bitter disputes that beauregard had. the make them look good. i would say one of the reasons william rosecrans reputation would have been better if he had
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answered his critics more robustly. in the case of beauregard that is to his credit but you have to get involved in bitter muck flinging. even alfred roman writes to beauregard in this attack, attack why our's attack mr. davis? to be fair beauregard showed more tact in going after lee. he could be critical if we but they understood how high he leaves reputation was and beauregard didn't think lee was a great commander. the bitter disputes with johnson and davis a lot of mudslinging doesn't make beauregard look good in one of the worst parts of the memoir. and politics i've mentioned that beauregard was an advocate for voting rights for.
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he'd did attempt every unification movement that didn't last long. he's incompetent and politics but he did believe he supported politicians who agreed with him on these issues. this would have course make them suspect that there's a reason why they don't hate both regard as much as they hate james longstreet or james longstreet committed the worst n of becoming a republican. beauregard is never a republican. he has a great line races i look to the day when that party will be at the poisoned chalice. i love this overheated rhetoric. his tendency for rhetoric is very much a louisiana thing. like the overtop people from the 17 50's at least.
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that makes them suspect for some people on the fact that he is not your typical southerner. for senator lee sure thing he grew up in a plantation that he is a creel. he's a catholic. not a consisting catholic. he said miracles probably don't exist and is wake was held and the priest said he should have went to church more. he gets insulted even after death. but he is of a different place. he had a slight french accent in this made him exotic and attracted a lot of people and even common soldiers tended to love the beauregard. they wildly cheered with that tough and dashing figure. he is unusual and mary chestnut constantly makes fun of beauregard being a creel all the time and she disliked him.
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then there is the question of money. beauregard died well-off. not like the wealthy rubber baron but well off $150,000 in the bank and a built-up association with the louisiana lottery a very corrupt institution. most people agree that beauregard was not directly involved with the corruption but that meant he was either a willing accomplice or he doesn't know. he's either a liar or a fool when it comes to the robbery. really what it is money. you think about standing eight hours pulling names out of the bowl, but hey he got paid well. all these things detract from beauregard.
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a variety of people in north and south but what do i think of beauregard? i do believe once again he is one of the worst best independent commanders for the confederacy. he is a superb engineer had sound military theory a charismatic battle leader a competent strategist but this war didn't as many great strategists other than grant and sherman. that said he has his weaknesses for complicated tactical plans and strategies that consider what the enemy might do. in terms of personality although he can be a bit over the top i ultimately agree with him is no hypocrite and you know what you're getting almost right away and he had lifelong friends as well. people loyal to beauregard are very loyal to beauregard but ultimately he himself saw his
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reputation this march by the lottery and buy davis and i believe the person is summed up that career the best isn't early 20th century essayist daniel bradford. you can agree or disagree but one thing is for sure i love this poetic line that he had. beauregard lived an atmosphere of dreams unrealized, marvelous things that general beauregard had done if only the thoughtless world would have stood by admiringly and watched him. thank you all very much. [applause] >> we will have some questions in a couple of minutes they to
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introduce myself one of my very favorite sentences written by the civil war is by shelby foote about his book about gettysburg talking about subject teen imposing himself in the plans for vicksburg and if you listen to this single message and its construction and content encapsulate everything i've come to know about it in mid-may the repulse of the ironclad fall he unfolded in a letter to the regional commander joseph e. johnson with whom he had shared manassas in a glad summer of the war and to whom under pressure from richmond he dispatched a thousand of his men a plan so sweepingly in concept to delivery of the gibraltar of the west started thinking him along these lines was finally no more than an incidental design of a
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sudden and absolute victory over of the combinations were by the war ended to subjugate the south. it strikes at the heart of beauregard the sweeping disney had any had all these great plans in this huge vision that is god. a couple of questions for sean? >> robertson virginia beach virginia. i'm following up on chris', because i was intrigued you are saying he was a competent strategist. shelby foote historians view him as being completely impractical and he comes up with these great ideas that couldn't possibly work but apparently you are not as sold on that idea.
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you don't think he was almost 11? >> this is a definite weakness of the beauregard priest these trying to sell these plans by overselling them. he acts as commander in very pragmatic. the reason i think he's a competent strategist is on the one hand while he assumes the enemy doesn't do anything he does understand the confederate are worn down and he interested what the steamboat in the rail would -- railroad bridge able to do but he said the railroad allowed you to achieve what napoleon achieved but faster. if you think about it that's what the prescience to the austrian and the french. the confederacy did not have a row road system. that being said or doesn't have
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as an an efficient one in that being said he favors western -- if we just pack our troops here and there and when we invade the north which beauregard is very critical of. he writes a letter and says what can we achieve by this raid? you won't take washington and it is just a raid. more than that let's say beauregard was in his position and he said i need this many more men he would have sent them to him. he believes the confederacy needs to concentrate in strike in some ways that strategy is reaffirmed. they knew that beauregard will concentrate in the west as many as he could however braxton brag is in charge. chickamauga does not achieve
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that but that's not for of trying at the show keep in mind chickamauga kind of like the ghost over the 1864 campaign. one thing they want to avoid is the situation in chickamauga which is why they are trying to use pressure from every front that they possibly can. i would say competent and not the flight of fancy but one thing to add he did oversell them and that was problem was. >> is a quick note we'll wrap up in a second. it's a fantastic book and he did recently talk about petersburgh. lots to read about beauregard and sean thank you for your
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here with you to do this oral history. >> it's a pleasure, sir. >> let's begin kind of not at the beginning because there is a beginning

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