tv Reel America Houston Weve Got a Problem CSPAN August 13, 2021 7:30pm-8:01pm EDT
on april 11th 1970, up on 13 blasted off on what would be the third man mission to send. next, on real america, apollo started 13, houston, we've got a problem. the 1970 nasa documentary that tells the story of the crisis which nearly left three astronauts stranded in space. >> we've got a terracotta, as [inaudible] and transferring out to the moon. it's rather odd to see it floating like this in odyssey,
while it's playing the scene from 2001. >> april 13th 1970, the mood could only be described as relaxed. apollo 13, man's fifth lunar mission. the third is scheduled to land on the moon continued its tranquil coaster. >> the crew of apollo 13 [inaudible] nice evening, and we're just about to close out our [inaudible] and get back to a pleasant evening at odyssey. good night. >> 13, we've got one more item for you if you have a judge. would you like to start up your cryo tanks and in addition your [inaudible] >> okay, we stand by. okay, we had a problem here.
>> this is houston, second please. >> we've had a problem. we've got a mean. much of maine be interval stand by 13, we are looking at it. >> and we had a pretty large bang associated with the caution and warning and it may be the one that had a spike on it once before. in the interim here, we are starting to go ahead and [inaudible] >> april 11th, 1917, launched a. the kurth apollo 13. , commander of previous missions. he had orbited in one on 1968 and oh pollard. fred haise, no point your mind pilot. jack swiggert commanding audio quality. three days ago he was on [inaudible] now he replaced ken mattingly. mattingly had been dropped from the mission because he had been
exposed to german measles. he would watch the launch from mission control. >> all those sequence initiated. >> roger. complete. >> typist are? we are an internal power and will go. >> that's good. >> fcc recorders [inaudible] ignition. >> so to go, all engines. >> roger. >> okay. looks good here, go to green. looks good. >> okay jim, now we go one. okay, we're going one, captain. >> looks good. okay, we are go flight, looks good here.
looks good, flight. looks good, flight. okay, looks fine. [inaudible] nightfall i've directory controlled confirmed, staging. >> roger. >> flight confirmed. the 500 down. we don't see any problem without. >> negative, not right, now flight. all the [inaudible] argo. >> the next step in the routine of lunar flight was to burn out of earth orbit toward the moon. then full free off the third stage and talk with the lunar module, aquarius. at the controls of the command module odyssey, jack swiggert. we are hard docked here,
houston. >> roger, hard docked. >> they put aquarius away from the saturn third stage, the as four b. >> i can see the s four b now in the hatch windows. odyssey and aquarius moved away from earth toward the moon. >> okay, houston, we've had a problem here. we've had a hardware restart i. don't know what it was. >> roger, we have the problem. >> we've got a main [inaudible] bus interval. >> the bust interval, guidance? i believe the crew reported. we've got a main be interval. and we had a pretty large bang associated with the caution and warning there. >> the sensation i had, that i
felt a vibration accompanying the back. not a large vibration, a shutter. >> are there any kind of leads that we can give them have got a real problem or what? >> we are reaching zero and two pressure in fuel cell one. with 13 psa under feel cell pressure. >> but you want to do? oh can feel so one and three? >> that's right. >> shut down the reactions [inaudible] and i have asked for recon formation since when you do something like that is irreversible. when you shot one of these things down, it can only be restarted from ground support equipment. >> yeah, it looks like to be, looking at the hatch, that we are venting something. we are venting something out into, into space. >> okay, let everybody think off the kind of things we could be venting. ufc, you've got anything that looks abnormal in your system? >> [inaudible]
how about, dewey calm. anything with the information? >> [inaudible] let's start down scanning. >> here is a bulletin from abc news. in the apollo 13th spacecraft has had a serious power supply malfunction that could cause the lunar landing mission to be terminated early. >> [inaudible] flight, so again. have you called in your backup [inaudible] right now. get more break our. >> at the monthly astronauts are continuing to try to isolate their trouble. reports that state -- all unnecessary equipment is being turned off. >> okay now, let everybody keep cool we've. got lens still attract, lem spacecraft still there. so if we need to get back on, we've got a lem to do a good portion of it with. okay, let's make sure that we don't do anything that's going to blow our csa electrical power with the batteries or that would cause us to lose the main or the fuel cell number
two. >> okay, we want to keep that oh two and that kind of stuff working. we'd like to have our fierce [inaudible] meant want your system. so we're in good shape if we need to get home. that's solve the problem but let's not make it any worse by guessing. >> my concern was increasing all the time as it went from i wonder what this is going to do to the landing to i wonder if we can get back home again. >> okay, coming back to you. >> flight. >> go ahead. >> i think the pet thing we can do now is start department. >> right about then it was quite apparent to me that it was just a question of time that the command module was going to be dead. >> we can do that on fuel cell number one flight. >> let's make sure we don't blow the whole mission. >> the thing that concerns me is throwing equipment. we had a problem. we don't know the cause of the problem. >> i've got a feeling we've
lost to fuel cells. i hate to put it that way but i don't know why we've lost them it. doesn't all take up. >> bring me up another computer in the artistry, will you? >> we've got one machine and dual safeties down there downstairs. >> i wanted other machine on the icc and but to people running the logs down there. >> roger. >> what all this means is only speculation at this point. first, there has been some tumbling or rotation of the spacecraft, the astronauts do not be in any immediate danger. >> i'll tell you what, dnc, can you get somebody in the back room to figure out what the equivalent alter the is that we are getting? so we can see if we can backtrack to see if we can figure out what is venting? >> i'll give it a try, flight. >> okay. >> i looked up and so put the oxygen pressure is one within zero, the other one going down. it dawned on me, and i'm sure
to jack at about the same time that we were indeed in serious trouble. the only way to survive the situation was to transfer to the lem. >> flight uconn. >> going to cause. >> the pressure in or to tank one is down out [inaudible] you better think about getting in the lem or using the lem systems. >> i say this is a serious situation as we have ever had. we've always called the lem accord lifeboat under those circumstances. if at any time in the mission, however, the lem is separated, and we would have gotten ourself into a rendezvous situation or the command module being around the moon, and what your state is absolutely true. it would be a fatal situation. >> [inaudible] from flight. >> go ahead flight. >> i want you to get some guys spinning out minimum power in the lem to sustain life. >> the accident had occurred 200,000 miles from earth.
level, swagger detainees wrote in a new model attached to a lifeless command module. apollo 13 had started as a mission of scientific exploration. it was now a matter of survival. since the command model was dead except for the oxygen in and power harder for reentry, the gutters platform off aquarius, designed to land on and take off from the moon, would have to be used to. >> the first milestone, and i consider this is after the accident, i guess, morales, what's the far survival now, the first milestone was to get alignment on the lem platform. alignments are important, you know, because without knowing exactly which way the attitude of the spacecraft is in space, there's no way to tell how to burn or how to use the entrance of the spacecraft to get the proper trajectory to come home. >> the position we are now, we have to go around the moon to
get back. you would have had enough capability with the sdf engine of, course, we don't use that now. so we have to go to the back [inaudible] . >> to get into the correct orbit around the moon, you think we had point out of a trajectory that would automatically bring them back to earth. they would have to get back on to a safe course toward earth. >> he needs to put his throttle to man also, like. >> throttled to mean? >> yes, to 29%, roughly. >> this maneuver again was completed on time and because it was a manual when we had a three man operation. jack would take care of the time and he would tell us when to light up the engine, went to stop. it he handled pitchman over, i handled the rollover and that pushed the buttons to start and stop the entrance. >> aquarius, you go for the burn. >> 40%.
okay >> okay, aquarius, you're looking good. >> auto shut down. >> the first problem was solved. they were back on the path to earth. but there were many other problems to be solved. from a building at houston's manned spacecraft center, systems experts coordinated the coast to coast effort to get the crew back. one of the big problems was consumables. there would be enough to eat and drink, but in space there are other factors. oxygen to breathe, electrical power to keep the spacecraft alive, water to cool the equipment and keep it operating. >> what we'll be doing till we get them back into what is concentrating on everything that is, their lives are dependent on at the moment, rather than worrying about the accident. because there's nothing that we can do about it now. it appears at the present time that everything is under control and that we have a safe
situation at the moment. >> hey, i want to say you guys are doing real good work. >> how are you guys, jack? >> we are about 70 hours from home, and we think we have the situation in control. we've projected the consumables is as described, and we have a plan for carrying out the rest of the mission. but there is going to be no relaxation at all as far as that goes from [inaudible] . >> there was a key decision to be made before apollo 13 went behind the moon. where to bring them down? they present course will take them to the indian ocean, where recovery would be difficult. born to bring them home quicker way to take them to the pacific ocean near the recovery forces. bringing them home even faster with place them in the south atlantic, again, away from recovery forces. it was decided to take them to the pacific.
>> we've run the simulators both here and at the cape, and the contractors that continuously ever since last night. we've tried to simulate virtually everything we've had the crew do that is non normal that they've done. and we've proven most everything that we've been able to run on the simulator prior to passing it up to them. maybe some details [inaudible] we've checked the feasibility of everything we've done, we'll continue to do that. >> they passed 137 miles from the moon. for jim lovell it was the second time that he had seen the moon so near. but there was no time for contemplation, there was another critical born coming. >> let's have the cameras put away [inaudible] . we have one chance now. >> and in houston, the news men poured in to tell an anxious world the story.
>> shortly after apollo 13 had separated from the saturn third stage of the stage had been sent on doing trajectory toward the moon. its impact would be called recorded by the seismometers left by apollo 12th. >> by the way, aquarius, we see the results now from the 12 seismometers. looks like your boost to just hit the moon and it's rocking it a little bit, over. >> well, at least something worked on this flight. >> i'm sure glad we didn't have a lem impact too. >> go for the bone, go for the bone. >> roger, go for the point. >> guidance okay? >> we're good, like. >> control okay? >> we are okay, like. >> [inaudible] okay. >> right we are good flight. >> ground confirms ignition.
>> we are burning 40%. >> well it's houston, you're looking good. >> roger. >> chuck down. >> roger, shut down. >> i say that was a good born. roger, now we want to power down as soon as possible. >> understood. >> to conserve the electric power and cooling water, the crew shut down all but the vital life-sustaining systems of the. >> i think the lem spacecraft's in excellent shape. and i think it's fully capable of bringing the crew back. as i think as we are formed before, we can only put the lem spacecraft to a test, it's always done much more than it's guaranteed to do and i think this was a good case in point. >> conserve the consumables. cooling water, electric power. >> the lem water gun was leaking, and we shot that off and i guess it leaked about a
court of border, i would estimate. but it took me about two days to get by feet dry, and of course, i think you are all aware that the temperatures were going down in both vehicles. and this week for very chilly feet. [inaudible] [inaudible] [noise] [noise] [inaudible] [noise] norte, your astronauts
will come back safe. >> if i may be a serious for one moment, and ask the entire audience for a moment of prayer for the crewmen of the apollo 13. we'll hold silence for a moment, please. rcsa stands at six 2%, and be at six 2%. >> you've been gone a heck of a long time without any sleep. i'm thinking about getting back
to sleep again because i didn't get any sleep [inaudible] at all. >> command module, the temperatures slowly came down in temperature until just prior reentry. it was down to about 38 degrees. and along with that, there was this sort of chilling coolness, the walls were perspiring, there was windows completely wet. and it wasn't too healthy, i recall i was going to get some hot dogs one day and i [inaudible] the freezer. ♪ ♪ ♪ if you want >> if you want my opinion on how to handle the situation, when it happened, they handled it exactly like we expected them to. there are about as well on top of it as anyone could be, [inaudible] but i think they did everything right in the knowledge that it was real to us and in a timely
fashion, which is what we all expected of them. they did a beautiful job of it. >> we have actually had author little asleep restraint [inaudible] put on, and get a little bit warm. >> the astronauts faced another problem, their own exhaled breath. the lithium hydroxide chemical to take carbon dioxide out of the air was not sufficient in's lunar module there. would have to adapt their canisters from the command module to tip the hoses in the lamb. on the ground in adapter was adapted from the truths were available in lem the. [inaudible] plastic bags, and shape. after checking out an environmental chamber, the directions four construction were sent up to aquarius. >> at this point in time i think in the [inaudible] pressure of carbon dioxide was reading about 15 millimeters. and we constructed two of these things and put them online and i think that within an hour the
partial pressure of co2 was down to two tenths. so you'll see that survival now became one of initiative and ingenuity and it was one which of the grant continually helped us, we had all kinds of people on the ground trying to think up ways of extending our lifetime. >> there would be still another burn, a mid course correction to get a polar 13 into the narrow corridor through the atmosphere for a safe return to earth. >> where we have bernie to, flight. >> acknowledged. >> ignition. thrust looks good. >> good shut down. >> hang in there, it won't be long. >> there were moments when i didn't know how much we had if we could make it back to know but i do in a situation like that there's only one thing you can do, you just keep going. and you just keep thinking up
the way you can get more consumables. so that's exactly what we did. on >> april 17th, they're prepared for reentry. after a small course correction burn, they jettison the damaged service module. >> [inaudible] copy that. >> there is one whole side of that spacecraft missing. >> is that right? >> the whole panel is blown out, almost from the base to the engine. >> it's really a mess. >> man, that's unbelievable. >> next they got back into odyssey to jettison aquarius prior to reentry into the atmosphere. >> that's gender sent. >> okay, copy that. >> farewell aquarius. >> we thank you. >> okay, yellow as in a minute or a minute and a half.
>> apollo 13, apollo 13, this is recovery, over. >> a low [inaudible] apollo 13, this is recovery [inaudible] looks good. >> hello 13, this is recovery, we have [inaudible] over. >> hello recovery, uplifting is dissenting. >> a polar 13, recovering, over. >> [inaudible] degrees and getting pressure one half mile. [inaudible] the comment module is [inaudible] at this time, they're writing comfortably. [inaudible] approximately 15 degrees. >> [inaudible]
i hereby declare that this was a successful mission. from the start, the exploration of space has been a hazardous adventure. the age of apollo 13 dramatized its risks. the man of apollo 13, by their point and skill, under the most intense kind of pressure, epitomized the character that accept danger and surmount sit. there's is the spirit that built america. your mission served your country. it served to remind us all of our proud heritage as a nation. to remind us that in this age of technicians and scientific marvels, that the individual still counts, that in a crisis, the character of a man or of