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tv   Reel America Apollo 12 Pinpoint for Science - 1969  CSPAN  August 13, 2021 7:00pm-7:31pm EDT

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our armed forces. in their present form, these bombs are now in production and even more powerful forms are in development. it is an atomic bomb. it is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe. the force from which the sun draws its power has been loosed against those who brought war it treatment of scientific brain for making it work. >> follow us on social media at c-span history for more this state in history posts. >>
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♪♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ people 19th, 1967, surveyor three landed on the moon in a crater of oceanus [inaudible] the ocean of storms. with surveyor's economic i, review dullness service. with his mechanical arm we dug is small shallow trench in the lunar soil. now on november 14th 1960 9:31 months after severe's 19, men were leaving the earth on to land on the ocean of storms. charles "pete" conrad, richard gordon, alan bean. the crew of apollo 12, the
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second manned landing on the face of the moon. their target -- the site of the survey are three. >> ignition sequence start. six, five, four, three, two, one, zero. all engines running, commence lift off! >> a polar 12 lifted off in the driving rain. >> pete comrade reports the program is in. tower clear. >> [inaudible] a role program, and this baby is really going. >> 36 seconds later, lightning struck the spacecraft. >> i don't know what happened here. we had [inaudible] dropped out.
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hit by lightning. feels those disconnecting. overload one and two [inaudible] . >> okay, we're also eyes to get you. >> we had a couple of cardiac arrests down here too, pete. >> well i'll tell you one thing, it's a first class ride. we've got to go orbit, you are looking good. >> in space and on earth, they checked out the systems to be sure that the lightning had caused no damage that would endanger the mission. the time for commitment neared. the burn two-cent apollo 12 to the moon. trans learner injection, tli. >> apollo 12 houston, there were days you are good for tli. >> okay, to, we are ready.
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we didn't expect anything else. >> we didn't train for anything else, pete. >> you'd better believe it. >> okay, we have data, and thrust is go. burnt looks good. >> with engine cut off, apollo 12 was on its way to the moon. now they turned around to dock with the lunar module and pull it free of the no useless booster. >> we've got a hard dock, who's done. looks good. >> the next burn would place apollo 12 on a new path to the moon. previous missions had followed a trajectory that would allow them to be around the moon and with no further burns, return to earth. but apollo 12, in order to land at the proper site with the proper landing, would break out of the free return path. showed a failure occur, a burn
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to the surface for the lunar module engine would be needed to get them home. >> seven, six, five, four, three, two, one. ignitions stretch. [inaudible] three, four, five, six. very good. >> now they settled down to the routine of the outward flight. >> we are trying all these things that we didn't have in germany like toothpaste and shaving. we are really having a ball up here. >> roger. all dressed up and no place to go. >> oh, we are going someplace! we see it gets bigger and bigger all the time. >> then on november 17th, they prepared for orbit around the moon. >> our ocean to the left is not as appeared as our motion toward the moon.
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therefore i decide we got the impression that we are going right into the center of that baby right now. >> okay, houston, we are manoeuvred to the burner attitude. >> roger, we copy that. >> we're beginning to go into darkness at this time. >> roger, 12. >> in fact we are there. >> hello 12 houston, you go for travel light. >> roger, houston. go for l.o.i., burn checklist is down for six minutes. >> l.o.i., lunar orbit insertion. the burn office grace crafted that would place apollo 12 in to order orbit around the moon. with this porn currently behind the moon, there would be no communications with the spacecraft until it came over the lunar horizon. the command module, yankee clipper, the lunar module, intrepid.
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>> apollo 12 houston. >> hello, houston. yankee clipper with intrepid in tow has arrived on time. i guess like everybody else we've just arrived. all three of us are plastered to the windows, looking. >> the next day, pete comrade and alec bin entered the lunar bible, leaving dick gordon in the command module. now the intrepid and let yankee clipper undocked and separated to prepare for intrepid's descent and landing on the moon. >> okay, here we go again. >> back off, dick. >> there he goes. he, houston, this is the
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dissent is pretty smooth today. >> as with the orbit insertion burn, the burden to begin dissent was made behind the moon. mission control again contacted intrepid as it came over the horizon. >> intrepid, houston, how do you read. >> hello, houston, intrepid. roger, we reach loud and clear. we just had the first drive, which was fantastic. >> the surveyor three target was located in the middle of five craters arranged like a snowman. the upper greater, called head greater, the body, called surveyor crater. surveyor three is located in this crater. the object, to land as close as possible to surveyor crater. then at 50,000 feet, intrepid's engine fired and began the landing sequence.
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>> your honor 19 follow the feet. i guess you've got the horizon out there. i've got some [inaudible] will back for 3:34. >> okay. i'm trying to treat and look out there. i think i can see my crater. i'm not sure. i'm at three seven. 364, pete. there it is! there it is! son of a gun! right down the middle of the road! outstanding, 42 degrees, pete. >> outstanding! i can't believe, it amazing! fantastic! for 42 degrees, pete. coming down at about 99 feet a second. >> looking good. >> coming down from. >> landing roger, 40 degrees. >> so fantastic, i can't believe it. >> your at 10,000 feet. 1800 feet up, 39 degrees. 38 degrees.
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36 to meet. your 1200 feet. 8000 feet coming, down is that. he looks got out there, gave, looks good. 32 degrees, 300 feet. 3300, 600 feet. >> that crater is right where it's supposed to people. >> 240, coming down fast. you're really maneuvering around. come on down, pete. >> okay. >> 10% fuel. [inaudible] coming down on, three coming down. 180 feet. 9%. you are looking good. you're going to get some dust before long. 96 feet, coming down in six, slow down or defend dissent. rate it is 60 coming down and four. looking good. 50 feet. watch for the dust. 40, coming down into. looking good. watch the dust. you've got plenty of gas, plenty of gas, dude. hang in there. 18, six, coming down it to.
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he's got it made. come in there. 24 feet. contact light. >> roger, copy contact. >> okay, turned of. you've got your percentage command override off. >> yes. >> you correcting we leveled off high. >> and came down because i sure could see what was underneath once you are getting your heads up. >> it's a nice place to land. look at those boulders out there on the horizon. >> as comrade and been began preparations for their first trip of exploration, men on earth began their attempt to fix their first exact landing site. they were located by get gordon in yankee clipper. >> i have intrepid, i have intrepid. >> well done, clipper.
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>> i can see i see can survey a crater -- >> roger. >> dick gordon using the 28th power sextant for these sightings. >> severe, i see surveyor. >> roger, clipper. good eyeball, well done. >> a major goal of apollo 12 had been accomplished. 44 men can engage in meaningful lunar exploration. it must be able to select a precise site and get there. but now it was time to exit the intrepid and begin the exploration and experiments. comrade climbed out first. >> okay.
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i'm at the perch. hey, i'll tell you where we are parked next to. we are about 25 feet in front of the survey equator. we are where we wanted to be. i bet that when i get down to the bottom of the latter i see a surveyor. >> okay. down to the bed. >> okay. >> man, that landing is all it revealed -- boy, you'll never believe it. the quote i see. just on the side of the crater. it's surveyor there, the old surveyor, yes sir. does that look neat? it can't be any further than 600 feet from here. now that's bad. >> now, pecan right collected a preliminary geological sample.
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>> i have a decided impression i don't want to move to rapidly. but i can walk quite well. it feels a little weird, i tell you. don't think you are going to steam around here quite so good [inaudible] . he now, to work out here all day. take your time. >> (humming) >> now all been left intrepid to join comrade on the surface of the moon. >> okay. don't lock it. hey, if i'd have landed 20 feet behind where i landed, we have landed right smack in that crater.
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>> inadvertently, the television camera was pointed directly at the sun, causing a tube to burn out. the only unsuccessful aspect of the entire mission. >> pete, go ahead. >> okay. yes, we have the flag up. like i say, i hope everyone down there is proud of us as we ought to put it up. >> affirmative, pete, we are proud of what you are doing. >> they're prepared and experiments package to be left on the moon and a sigh atlantic station called alsep powered by an electric generator. we are [inaudible] the alsep. you have to be able to do that -- >> they moved to the site selected to set up the station. >> hey, there's another one of
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those minds over there. >> where? hey, you're right. >> what do you think they are? >> i don't know, it looks like a small volcano. >> they put together the experiment station. >> how far do you estimate we should have landed. >> 600 feet. >> >> alsep, an acronym for apollo lunar surface experiments package. piece by piece they assemble the station. >> okay, we've got the solar wind here. >> the solar wind experiment to measure atomic particles thrown off by the sun as they strike the moon. a device to measure the moon's tenuous atmosphere. a magnet on meter to measure the lunar magnetic field, which would later be found to be 20 times stronger than many scientists had expected.
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it's seismometers to measure physical properties of the crust and interior. and the data station to collect the experimental measurements and transmit them to earth. with alsep deployed, comrade and been began collecting geological samples. >> just rock. look at this. [inaudible] they don't. you've got to admit. >> they told a courtroom into the surface to collect soil from various depths. >> we've got to court to right there. >> roger, -- >> we show you or three hours and seven minutes into it, into the eva and we'd like you back into the lem in two minutes, that's three plus one seven. >> i hope to get back there --
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. houston, we are approaching the alsep and headed back to the lem. >> pete, now we are picking up your heavy footprint going by the seismometers. >> okay, we are -- man, we are filthy. coming up the ladder. shaking the whole thing. >> yankee clipper, houston. >> clipper here. >> clipper, you were [inaudible] forgotten man for a while. all eyes are on you know. >> as nick gordon circled the moon, dick comrade and alpine rested for the next expedition. their total time on the lunar surface had been just under four hours. 12 and a half hours later, they
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went out again. >> whoops, -- . okay, houston. >> roger. >> copy, pete. >> before they began their biological extradition to surrounding craters and to surveyor the the, they worked around the lunar module, getting the fuels and continues they would meet. >> -- roger, we copy that. >> i wonder what happened since yesterday. i think everybody learns -- . >> it has been readied the equipment, comrade went out to the alsep station to check an instrument about which unearth based scientist had shown some concern. >> i look out to the alsep and check the side. -- >> houston, pete's on his way
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to the. >> after karen right egg checked the alsep experiments, they began the geological traverse, during which they would cover about a mile and take samples from six craters. >> you get a big surprise when you look into this crater. it's a lot deeper than it looks. >> there you go. that's a good rock. this is going to be a good rock, houston. >> okay, houston, i'm coming up on bench crater right now. >> what a fantastic sight. well, look at the bottom of that crater. here's some good rocks right here, come on. we stop here and look at the chart a little bit. man, does that lem look small back there. >> pete, now, we show your 1200 feet from the lem. >> okay. you know it i feel like now? >> what?
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>> one of those pictures of the giraffe running in slow motion. that's exactly what i feel like. i'm going to sleep tonight. >> then they arrived at surveyor, their target. while the surveyor activities were a bonus they were symbolic, symbolic of the success of apollo 12. >> yeah, we are just going to move to the area to see which way it came in, see which way -- dug up dirt, you are still sitting there. >> okay, houston, i'm doing it. the surveyor is firmly planted here. no problem. >> okay, well, we are ready to start getting the tv camera. >> okay. >> all right, you see that material disintegrate. that's easy. okay, two more cubes on the tv camera and that baby is ours.
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don. >> there you go. >> in the back, in the back. i've got to zip it up. we've got to cut this -- off. >> thought you were going to leave without a script and you? >> so they left so rare, and after a stop at the crater called walk, they were back in the lunar module. collecting the solar wind experiment, stowing the rock boxes. >> it's really ridiculous. i've got dust all over the rock box and i'm trying to blow it off. >> been reentered the lunar module first. comrade, using a transfer apparatus similar to a close line real, sent the samples up to him. then, comrade, too, left the lunar surface. >> okay. houston, if you can mark me off the lunar surface. >> roger, we've got that pete,
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at three hours and 50 minutes into the eva. >> and up the ladder i cub. hey whoa, hey whoa. >> but there was no time to rest. the lunar module had to be prepared for lift off from the moon and rendezvous with yankee clipper. >> looking good, pete. >> three, two, one, lift off. and away we go! [inaudible] we are on our way. one minute, all right, 20 feet. okay. everything looks good, pete. >> sure does. >> so they rose to their rendezvous and from dick gordon in the yankee clipper. >> -- all the sand dunes.
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>> is that right? >> about a half a mile -- . you are looking better all the time, yankee. >> okay, i'm down to three feet a second. >> intrepid now station stationing with yankee clipper. >> the two vehicles moved together for talking. >> [inaudible] okay, steady as a rock. >> now, you are all free, boys. >> now gone right and been rejoined kick gordon in the command module, bringing with them the samples, experiments and photographs to be returned to earth. the next step, jettison is a lunar module, then send it crashing into the moon to help calibrate the seismometers left
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on the surface. this instrument was designed to measure the intensity of meteor impacts, we quakes, landslides and similar phenomena. >> guidance and control officer reports that the two spacecraft separated. >> apollo 12 houston, they landed on it right now. >> roger. >> the man on earth monitored the output of the scientists moment are waiting for impact. >> countdown for lem impact, three, two, one. then eva impact. >> as for the meaning of it, i would rather not make it interpretation right now, but it is as though one had struck a bell, say, in the bell free of the church, a single blow, and found that the reverberation from it continued
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for 30 minutes. >> after 55 minutes, the reverberations still had not been completed. a public 12 continued its organ bids of the moon, gathering photography for scientific study, including the [inaudible] area and apollo 13. then it was time to hit back to earth. >> roger, roger, bye-bye. >> have fun. >> the burn to send them home would take place behind the moon. on earth, we waited, waited for apollo 12 once more. >> apollo 12, houston. >> hello, houston, apollo 12 on route home. >> shortly before reentry, the crew of apollo 12 watched the earth move to plot out the sun. >> we are getting a spectacular -- for using the front [inaudible]
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and it's unbelievable. >> then a polar 12 hit the atmosphere of earth at 25,000 miles an hour. >> you've got it right on the money. >> right, we concur, pete. >> ♪ ♪ ♪ but the [inaudible] of a public wall does not aid with lashed on, it only begins. ♪ ♪ ♪ man, have i got the grapefruit freak rockfall grapefruit rocks. looking at a rug that has small crystals in it.
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>> and on the moon, an experimental station called alsep since back its data. each experiment representing a milestone in our knowledge of the moon. >> the lunar atmosphere has been turned on and i'm very happy to say it is functioning perfectly. >> the solar spectrum hitter has been functioning, of course, since it also has been turned on. >> the psyche [inaudible] experiment, as has been reported, is functioning in all respect property. >> i think it will risk represent a major respiratory of completely unanticipated things about them. >> we are going to have to throw the book away and began over again, which seems to be the case for the moon in general. >> apollo 12 was a milestone in manned extraterrestrial exploration. it achieved its pinpoint landing as close as possible to its selected target marked by severe. it set a pace and a pattern of
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scientific exploration that future missions will not only follow, but will go beyond. ♪ ♪ ♪ >>
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on april 11th 1970, up on 13 blasted off on what would be the third man mission to send. next, on real america, apollo started 13, houston, we've got a problem. the 1970 nasa documentary that tells the story of the crisis which nearly left three astronauts stranded in space. >> we've got a terracotta, as [inaudible] and transferring out to the moon. it's rather odd to see it floating like this

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