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tv   Ban Ki-moon Resolved  CSPAN  July 31, 2021 4:01pm-5:12pm EDT

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readers. >> ban ki-moon, a foreign minister of ea south korea with more than 30 years working in international diplomacy, became the 8th secretary general of the united nations in january 2007. by that time he and his colleagues had helped his impoverished and war-torn country grow into one of the world's wealthiest.
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south korea appeared set to become a model for other developing countries. .. >> all against the backdrop of the growing impact of climate change. with the power to bear following the world's crisis he also bothered a few of his only one became a focus of sharp criticism after and deadly cholera outbreak and
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they were sent there to restore order after a major earthquake to united nations in a divided world ban ki-moon the impact of the disaster what he calls the difficult cousin of north korea he also offers a candid assessment of what lies ahead. it is our pleasure to welcome you and the virtual podium is yours. >> thank you for that kind introduction the members of the national press club it is a great honor for me to have this opportunity. let me say a couple words i appreciate your interest in my
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memoir and to inspire that possibility and those around the world to become global citizens republic of korea 37 years with the united nations this is my first ever memoir that i thought it is my duty to share my experience but i
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just want to leave this message on the second general and as you may know, my whole life span for democracy and i myself have gone through the turbulent period as a citizen in the united nations i was raised to come of age with that democracy without the
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united nations these experiences grounded me with the importance of opportunity and international cooperation and partnership and international and private with that development and human rights and climate change and so many things. and with those lessons that we
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have learned with those alliances and the refugees to understand our precious conditions why are we not doing better? for me and those and then when they need to think as citizens with a chance of covid-19 and with the climate crisis was
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disappointed to see the rich and the prosperous nation and then the leaders with at least 1 billion and at least $100 billion per year to address climate change. but now we can then even in the 19 nineties also with
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those individuals we have more alliances of civil society and the academics and philanthropic organizations. and with the climate change it with a sustainable development and then to have a unique percent interest with those resources and with those of the others in with a limited power so our support is with
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the violence more than 4500 and with those two state solutions by those overpowering forces so therefore nation sit down together and to talk about
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peace and development. those that must be protected and for the member state so ladies and gentlemen we have so much love ahead. one of the reasons i decided to write a memoir to anyone so thank you very much for your attention and look forward to
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your comments and questions. thank you. >> thank you for that. for you to have your inner thoughts and feelings of the biggest events of your tenure can you talk about what it was like to finally unleash your private parts and was it difficult to write? >> of all those pages and with those 350 pages but has to be connected which is the basis of the lessons.
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and that's and in 1945. and they have left all their memoirs but it has always been different and with their own challenges at that time but then everything should be more than enough in terms of transportation and technology and science. why can we not do better than our predecessors?
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we have suffered a lot because of the marginalized that that is caused by an like the united states i get the last four years under president trump that was not expected in drove by a president trump. but then to the people. and with that outbreak. >> is there a future to get
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the rest of your thoughts out there? >> and as a retiree. but i am not a private citizen. a lot of those responsibilities at home and abroad. we are very busy and it's difficult to find time but then to go into lockdown would
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have more time. >> that i found that to write a book. >> so talk about staying busy not you have retired from the way and you were appointed ahead of the olympics ethics commission in 2017 the next olympics have controversy coding them on the calls to boycott the games in china over the human rights records. can you give us your thoughts of the future of the olympic games in light of those controversies? >> it may have certain problems. and with those sports and policy should be separated
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when should not be misused or abused of course if there was some cases where they decided not to participate like moscow. and then there was some sentiment. so i am encourage the japanese government and the ioc decided to carry on. during my time with the ioc to work very closely and have
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peace through sports. those which can instantly mobilize that energy. we are thinking how we can mobilize to be generated by sports that's my working very closely with the ioc leadership in that every april 6 was generated by international human sports day so on that day to have a
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meaningful event so the corporation and energy would be used to bring peace and harmony. 's i'm happy to do this with your initiative. >> going back to look at your legacy can you make a different decision on? >> there are many so i felt that could be reformed much better. when people say that the five
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most powerful people the most powerful members united nations with those powerful messages and with those veto power countries. a lot of people had been killed. and those that have become refugees and more than
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5 million people and this is a tragedy and not even those humanitarian issues. that there should be the first jurisdictions with humanitarian support. and so many countries around the world that you cannot say anything but with that ability to deliver as the secretary
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general i try my best to make the system overall functioning with the system. >> that many cases what they try to reform but in terms of
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the accountability i think i made great improvements. >> what other types of reforms would you like to see from me when? >> first of all i try to make that transparent and i ask all of the staff from the secretary general and then also i really want to make the united nations war transform
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on - - transformable. the tens of thousand you when staff like geneva and paris then you can never come out i thought it was unfair's you have opportunities but i really tried much but not much but then i wanted to make the communications systems for science and technology from that communication at that time.
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now to be throughout the un system but that is one aspect in terms of some justice issues, we have established a piece court for the first time in a piece tribunal and then we had some issues they would bring this matter to the state tribunal that then they can go up with a tribunal. >> with a variety of health crisis during the ten years as
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secretary general including that you believe crisis in west africa what are your thoughts on the wins actions with the coronavirus pandemic? would you have done anything different if you were still in charge? >> with covid-19 should have been taken with a different approach. first of all all of the un systems should have a fully collaborated to work together and in africa and i be a in sierra leone the fertility rate was very high much higher than coronavirus 45 percent
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mortality rate. so that means one out of every two patients were died. so for the first time in the history of the united nations they established a mission to deal with the virus. the united nations mission and with that emergency mission that was gonna then we try to help all of those countries and then as you know the united nations and over 1000 places in africa and for the
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first time in the history united nations deployed those forces united states and united kingdom and there should be no pre- movement and the lockdown at that time. so this is what we are able to do that. in the case of corona 19 that was who but the united states reduce membership at the beginning but then congress for the united states that security policy in the case of
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ebola adopted the resolution saying that corona was a serious threat. so now what happened to ebola? it took three months for the security council to see that corona 19 was a serious threat but because of that condition with those powers and china so there was a huge difference even as a former secretary general with those i work closely that this issue not
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the who alone. this is a lesson that's very serious not to repeat the same mistake if and when this virus may happen a can happen any time so i think more and more such outbreaks may happen which is why we have to take action to chaos of the nature and then to be stating then meeting with pope francis with
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the second general to say there is no more corona 19 that god forgives everybody. that nature never forgives. this is very true. nature will never tolerate what humans have been abusing privileges that are given to us so this is a lesson that we should care. >> you mentioned but the g7 is doing to donate vaccines to poor countries do believe that
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wealthy countries and the g7 need to do more? >> i think they should do more. ask everyone in the g7 countries and many other countries they were only for themselves. now to say that they are in a position to have some herd immunity but then they decided to provide 1 billion and then the united states president joe biden announced there would be 500 million as a way to address accelerated climate of the $100 billion which was
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in 2009 in copenhagen and not the time this is the first year to organize $100 billion so i suspect the g7 countries should have declared more rather than just the same. of all those leaders i signed a letter of appeal for the g7. and i am grateful for their response to the meeting.
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but it's not just that meeting with a countries but it is the leaders they should also do all that they can and should be a global population in forge lake government so there is a strong pattern among these three entities. and then in a most sustainable way and wearing this is a sustainable economic development cause the united nations has this as a way to let people know the importance
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and this is our very important mandate. >> think of sustainable development goals how effective have they been so far and all they meet that ambitious deadline? >> . >> that was intended to help those developing countries and that was not that successful and the number of people
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because of the chinese contribution to get 400 million people lifted out of poverty. >> and then by that time was targeted there was still more than 60 million people that are able to go to an elementary school with hiv-aids and many people who are dying from preventable
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diseases but then we have nine more years to go we really must mobilize all necessary resources moving with science and technology and this is the way we can reduce the number of the people and those from abject poverty from preventable diseases those that would die unnecessarily. >> let's go back to talking about your memoir. you say in your book the 2010 cholera outbreak destroyed
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humans reputation in haiti and you are critical of the lawsuits victims have brought against the one over the outbreak is it fair to criticize the victims to pursue lawsuits is there something the un can do to repair the reputation in the eyes of the haitian people? >> never criticize the victims who really wanted to get the legal aid that on this point i was trying to say that the un was not liable legally and on the diplomatic immunities this is really what i wanted to say and i think as a human being and as a secretary general i was the second person who
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strength and haiti i and former president clinton in his capacity as an envoy we sat down together inviting global leaders to mobilize necessary funding. nine.$9 billion was mobilized in just a single day. i think that is record-breaking at the time that i went through 87 times meeting the families of the victims and to sympathize with them and sat for many hours as people were grieving and i really tried to improve our health systems that the system
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was broken down and the government was not moving one that would be seem to be lost so the un dead all that that relationship between the un in haiti of this academic was originated because of peacekeepers that's why establish experts scientist composed of the united states and brazil and india and in the first report finding was
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the confluence of the circumstances and then against the who with the course of the peacekeepers. that's why i established a second expert group. i wanted to be as compassionate as possible is much as i could do the general and i tried our best to
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organize but as i was leaving my job december 1st in 2016 i finally reported to the general assembly and made my apology the united nations had not been able to do as much as we should have done and i also proposed with funding with the $400 million but unfortunately the member states support was not funded much. i hope they would have carried on that i'm not trying to avoid any responsibilities. i apologized so i there is no
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misunderstanding on this issue the un should have learned it lost the most number. 102 un staff including the head of the un mission and in the peacekeeping mission. so we lost a lot of think that is the most number of sacrifices with the peacekeeping operations. host: if not a lawsuit then what can they grieving haitian people do after this. >> when it comes to a lawsuit
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and then the district court. and then the united nations was not the subject of a legal suit there was some movement and campaign to be pursued but it's not because of our lawyers but at the vienna convention that the un was not legally liable.
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host: is or something be when can do to repair its reputation and what are some actions to make sure it never happens again? >> even now they could do more. with china and japan and korea. but those were the first respondents to send the engineering team of the neighboring countries. but now i hope that leadership
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of the haitian government should do more. but now since i have not been dealing with this method the president isn't doing much then the united nations priorities sense because there are so many issues. and with the haitian people. >> so you have devoted the chapter to your book so what are the thoughts on the gaza
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strip in may? and what actions do you believe the un should take? >> my two state solution is the best way to have equal rights i'm afraid to tell you to be increasingly remote i am deeply concerned that after three days under with the airstrike of hamas.
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so nobody should be blamed. but the reality of what is happening and that is troubling for me. but of those palestine territories that you call parties. the cycle of violence and palestine as a whole and the consequences and addressing the root causes with any long-term solutions.
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and also those opposition leaders because that was the priority country issues. that was the most serious and that diplomacy as a conveyor belt diplomacy. if there was a crisis happened late december 2008 and went to
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the mission at the time the president bush administration was about to leave so condoleezza rice was not on the scene and the administration was not taking action. but then to meet the leaders of the four countries but the thing that i did and then my idea was that they should declare a cease-fire. and then go to the prime
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minister asking to do that. and then to dick claire cease-fire unilaterally and then that continues to attack and then with the kenya of jordan and i went to syria and i ask him strongly letting them play a concerted role why would you asked them from not unilateral decision?
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so how can you say you are not doing anything? and those from the european union and at that time i received a note in the same day that hamas and the unilateral cease-fire. that is the way we can stop the violence and then the second time with secretary clinton and in 2014 with the
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secretary of state so it is the coordination and of those regional leaders. and then the most recent country continued. and others use of the government should sit down together that should not be open and that have accountability on the
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one-sided attacks and then we see the cycle in the continuation between the two parties. i expect the prime minister and mahmoud abbas. and if i may say another one so on the portion of the west bank and continuing legal settlement. visually and internationally. and then to be a series of international law but with the two state solution.
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and then with that two state solution. so first of all with more and more friends. >> before i asked the final question that may take a moment to think the organizers of today's event. the club membership director
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and the club executive director with the documentary filmmakers. and to discuss the new pbs documentary please join us and then to speak of the air force's mission in the ever-changing national security environment. now for the last question. you have spent what is something everyone should know?
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and then to be one-sided and to relay on anything with that general in support and then try to make yourself by the other party. that you can learn and it
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doesn't have any value first of all. and for example in speaking to the un staff and this leadership style and those from the higher ground to lower ground.
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and this is a corruption so that is absolutely necessary and then even to the buildings and everything but it doesn't use that type of force but however you shouldn't let them use the power in negotiations.
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and with the basic and with the chinese philosopher and has influenced the need very heavily and i try to teach the lessons to other people and that is a mutual respect. then you should be ready to accommodate as much as possible rather than just insisting on your own.
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and this is not sustainable. and to see in the middle east and palestine. and then to try to understand the genuine concerns that is what any negotiator should know and with that i have been first of all have the respect and support from the other leaders.
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>> it is very late for you in korea we have a question from the student what is the best way for a person to become involved with humanity you have any advice in the medical nonmilitary field? >> and with that departmental organization and the united nations and then with the
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young men. nations and then with the youn . . . . very strong messages to people around the world.
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each time i tried to lead the youth i tried to give them a sense of hope. many positions for people who really want that type of a career. life career and human rights. this is what i do and career. i established my own foundation for global citizenship. so global citizenship. i am telling the young people. the young people have much more
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area to contribute. when i was a young boy, a high school boy, i was fortunate enough to meet president john f. kennedy in 1962. at that time, i had not met the mayor of my city. i met the president of the united states. very inspirational, inspiring message. young people can do everything. he said -- but you young kids, you can do it.
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you are ready to extend. that is very inspiring. have some compassion. you must have a passion. you can become a global citizen and you can contribute to the well-being of human rights and the betterment of this work. i really count on young generations future. >> thank you very much for coming today to talk about your memoir and some current events happening. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. any time on
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booktv.org. >> welcome. it is good to be here this morning with michael and michelle. for the rolling launch of michael's new book, the art of war in an age of peace. grand strategy and restraint. they don't really need much of an introduction. i will be very brief. michael is a senior fellow and director of policy where he specializes in the u.s. defense strategy. the use of military force and security policy. he has a bachelors, masters and

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