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tv   Reel America Space Shuttle - Mission to the Future - 1981  CSPAN  April 13, 2021 5:37pm-6:06pm EDT

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weeknweeknights this month feet aring a preview of what's available every weekend on c-span3. tonight programs about james k. polk. we begin with john seigenthaler talking about his biography of the president. he may be best known for the westward u.s. expansion, when mexico was forced to cede what much of today is the american southwest. watch tonight at 8:00 eastern and enjoy american history tv every weekend on c-span3. american history tv on c-span3. every weekend, documenting america's story. funding for american history tv comes from these companies who support c-span3 as a public service.
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a new door to space opens. the space shuttle. everything that has gone before in space, this magnificent treasure, is prologue. we are beginning a new and exciting age. signaled by the flight of "columbia" into earth's orbit. ♪♪ "columbia" is the first of a fleet of ships of the space transportation system. >> houston, "columbia," how do you read? >> the others to follow, names which evoke the spirit of our purpose on this new ocean.
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"challenger," "discovery," "atlantis." >> the working environment aboard will be quite ordinary. yet the meaning of all of this to us is far from ordinary. >> i think i'm about done here. i'm going to get downstairs and fix us something to eat. >> space shuttle taking as many as four satellites into orbit has the capability of retreating orbiting satellites, repairing them in space or bringing them back to earth. >> okay, houston, "columbia," we had a good eye on alignment. numbers are on the tape. and we did get the verification. >> roger, we copy. >> okay.
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205. >> the story in an address to congress say there are moments in history when challenges occur of such a compelling nature that to miss them is to miss the whole meaning of an epic. space is such a challenge. >> i'm james mitchner. for most of my working years on this planet, i've been chronicling the rise and fall of human systems. if there is one thing i'm convinced of from years of studying history, it's that enemies do not destroy nations. time and the loss of will brings them down. to see that this does not happen to this nation of ours, the united states cannot retreat
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from the challenge of our age. each era of human history progresses to a point at which it is eligible to wrestle with the great problem of that period. for the ancient greeks, it was the organization of society. for the medievalists, the spelling out of their relationship to god. for the men in the 15th and 16th centuries, the mastery of the oceans. and for us, it's the determination of how mankind can live in harmony on the finite globe we call earth while establishing relationships to an infinite space. >> okay. e.v.a. on. we're ready for final suit pressure adjustment. >> i am struck with wonder at the energy being expended by thousands of people. not only in the united states but around the world who have worked long and hard to overcome
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technical setbacks to make space travel available. not only to astronauts but to anyone who wants to journey above our planet and work in space. the space transportation system they've developed introduces the decade of the '80s to the space ship "columbia." the first of many spacecraft that will be propelled, not on the top of expensive one-time boosters, but via space transportation system that can be used economically over and over again. our "endeavour" guided and informed by our history of successes in space flight is of immense proportions. 10,000 nasa employees at six research centers across our nation and other centers in canada and europe. the effort has been advanced to
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over 5,000 contractors. government and industry in over 25 states and 14 countries. it has challenged our creative and engineering genius in both its form and scope. and it has been complex and difficult is not deniable. but then what elements to our progress can we name that have been easy? some say it is our destiny to fill the wide vessel of the universe. a demanding role from which we must not retreat. the hangar we call the vehicle assembly building is so large, its dimensions so vast that the first rocket launch would not
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have escaped its confines. "columbia." through her, we expect much. and now sits our expectation in the air. cradled to be mated to the two solid rocket boosters and the projectile shaped external tank. >> okay. we're rolling out now. >> today is the day the shuttle passes through the eye of the needle. aboard the elephant tine crawler transporter, it's a trip made with deliberate speed. ♪♪
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♪♪ ♪♪ control rehearses, polishes skills, technique.
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procedures of that day to come. wrapped in attention and detail, "columbia" now is not many days from her destination. two 15,000-foot runways. one in california and the other in florida will accept the return of the ships when operational missions begin. down range, stations report. and "columbia" is go for launch. >> affirmative. read you loud and clear. on all circuits. >> roger. >> contact, houston. >> houston contact. >> roger. let me give you a quick voice
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check. >> houston. >> the countdown has begun. ignition. ♪♪ ♪♪ after two minutes of flight, the solid rocket boosters burn out
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and fall away. they are recovered in the atlantic 175 miles down range from pad 39. to be towed ashore and used again for another shuttle flight. the main engines continue to burn. and the external tank now empty is jettisoned to fall into a remote ocean area. space shuttle is in earth's orbit, 150 miles above our planet. [ speaking foreign language ]
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[ speaking foreign language ] >> the astronauts moving with the rotation of the earth fly into night and into day many times in each orbit. in a 54-hour planet they'll see 36 sunrises and 36 magnificent sunsets as they orbit above the planet earth. looking down on clouds and life below.
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♪♪>> good morning. this is -- reentry is one of the most critical moments in the order peter passage and the orbit of 19,000 miles per hour. the shuttle falls into the atmosphere generates temperatures of up to 2800 degrees. the columbia have now pointed the nose of the shuttle 40 degrees. this altitude, i now begin reentry. ♪ ♪ ♪
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>> the 31,000 on the craft must absorb this heat without transferring it to the interior of the spacecraft. as the center, contact again has been made to terms -- >> the on board computers, guided by mission control in houston and the pilots fly the shuttle back towards earth. along, a very fast climb from mid-pacific to california, first at the hypersonics beads, then supersonic, then as the crew makes an approach to the landing at nasa's a dryden center, the air speed slows incrementally.
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[speaking spanish] the orbiter will be taken to the processing facility for a complete check out before it's next the mission. progress is not a monopoly of the united states. the space transportation system will be used by nations of the world, pay load space, aboard shuttle has been booked ahead by many nations. the signature of the program, again reflects the words our astronauts left. we came in peace for all mankind. and once again, columbia stands
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ready to be made into the solid boosters and the external tank. each orbiter is made to be flight for up to 100 missions. astronaut john young, veteran of the chimney and a fellow program, and the spacecraft commander of the first shuttle crew to go into orbit. astronaut bob, space shuttle pilot on the first flight. both of these men experienced the high performance aircraft pilots. young and crippen, to specialists analyzed everything. the procedure of a good test run. each step is questioned. tested. solutions are tried, rehearsed and the emergency is against simulated. ♪ ♪ ♪ this is the lesson we have learned in over 20 years of
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manned spaceflight. in the cockpit over the cabin of the shuttle, a presser suit is not necessary. work outside in the near space requires a pressure suit. the astronauts flying in the military jet transport are given brief moments of weightlessness as the pilot maneuvers the aircraft. bob crippen experiences this since he works in this pressure suit. he must learn to use tools. the problem of handling things with his gloves on is compounded by weightless flight. astronauts, mission specialists and pay load specialists have a preview of the exhilaration enjoy of spaceflight.
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survival school, taught by the air force. it includes a bit of sky assailing and parachuting. that nurses martial space flight center, the experience underwater training on a full scale mock above the pay load bay. crew members work out some of the problems they may encounter in weightless conditions. they find that movement underwater, under mutual buoyancy strangely approximates
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the conditions they find in space. in the next five years, more than 60 space shuttle flights have been scheduled. we will see columbia, challenger, discovery and atlantis launching into space from pad 39. the earth and its terrain can be a barrier to communications. isolating people and cultures. few solutions in mid safety and
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protection and an advancing civilization. the others have stayed the same. the struggle has been to live. food, water. with satellites, a new age is dawning. for all people. >> okay everything's imposition. the role of the mission specialist really starts once the orbiter gets on orbit and that that time, it's the specialist who is really in charge of the earth's rotation. the mission specialists roll can be anything from opening the tale of beta wars to using the remote manipulator system, which is a big 50 foot long arm
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made by the canadians to deploy a satellite between the cargo bay -- or retrieve a satellite that might already be in orbit. there's an experiment that's being carried along by the shadow on this mission, the mission specialist that would operate the harm. anything that the orbiter might be asked to do on a particular mission, the mission specialist will be asked to deal with it. >> and places the creation of the universe 14 million years ago. >> okay joe, the cameras doomed in so you can go to pre-drift. >> this shuttle launch telescope may see galaxies at the very time they were formed. revealing the structure and history of creation. deep space probes we'll add to our knowledge of our solar
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system. of the far planets and the cosmology of the galaxies. in the coming decades, at the shuttle will place networks of satellites into earth's orbit. we will manage our resources, our crops, our land and water, weather forecasting and communication on a global scale. raymond, west germany, where s, at the european space agency is building the space lab which will fly aboard the space shuttle. >> in europe, we are well aware of the space activity that is taking place in russia and in the united states. and we would like to anticipate to benefit from the same
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technological advances. >> a physicist from the netherlands, a mission and pay load specialist and a member of the european space union. >> there's been an interesting doing manned space activities and back in 73, they decided to build an oratory, which will be carried along in space with the americans shuttle. >> about ten different countries, members of the european space engine c participated in the funding and development of this. germany being one of the bigger participants. it has inside, an atmosphere which is very similar to earth, scientists eventually will go up in this bra retort to do all kinds of experiments. >> columbia, we read you loud and clear. roger, we got that down. >> let's veto, we need to put
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on the burner >> space shuttle will indeed be our route instincts, with as many as four satellites orbited on one mission, >> the department of defense will have a pay load on more than the more than a third on the 400 flights scheduled over the next 12 years. ♪ ♪ ♪ >> space is not how the american and soviet monopoly. we are approaching a point where the world are not just a few nations of interest in
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space. >> doctor isaac, micro biologist, lecture and author. >> we are entering a new era of construction engineering and architecture. now for the first time and space, we are going to be able to ignore gravity and the structures that will be strong for other reasons than simply passive resistance to gravitational pull. it's going to be and you kind of architecture, we're going to have prefabricated structures which we can just move into position and watch these structures grow before our eyes into new forms and you shapes. space space shuttle will serve the needs of the international community and will be one more strong binding force leading to
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a world cooperation of nations presenting a global front to the space frontier. one that will help everybody, all nations give the earth a way of forming a common consciousness of the planet. >> the main voyage of the spaceship columbia signals a new era. the ships of the fleet of the national space transportation center, challenger, discovery, atlantis and columbia will be launched and returned from space on a regular schedule.
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