tv Reel America Space Shuttle - Mission to the Future - 1981 CSPAN April 11, 2021 4:30pm-4:58pm EDT
columbia is the first of the fleet of ships of the space transportation system. the others to follow, names which evoke the spirit of our purpose on this new ocean, challenger, discovery, atlantis. >> the monitors are all set up. james: the working environment aboard will be quite ordinary. but the meaning of all this to us is far from ordinary. >> let's get downstairs and fix something. james: space shuttle, taking as many as four satellites into orbit has the capability of retrieving orbiting satellites, repairing them in space or bringing them back to earth.
>> we have a good i am you -- good imu allignment. >> roger, we copy. james: in an address to congress, it was said that their amendments -- there are moments of history that such challenges occur is to miss the whole meaning of an epic. space is such a challenge. >> for most of my working years on this planet, i have been chronicling the rise and fall of human systems.
if there is one thing i am convinced of from years of studying this, it is that enemies do not destroy nations, time and the loss of will destroy them. to see that this does not happen to this nation of ours, the united states cannot repeat this in the challenge of our age. in which it is eligible to wrestle with the great problem of that time. for the asian greeks, it was the organization of society. for the medievalists, it was the spelling out of their relationship to god. for us, it is the determination of how mankind can live in harmony on the finite globe we call earth while establishing relationships to an infinite space.
i am struck with wonder at the energy being expended by thousands of people. not only in the united states but around the world. they have worked long and hard to overcome technical setbacks to make space travel available, not only to astronauts but to anybody who wants to journey above our planet and work in space. the space transportation system they have developed introduces the decade of the 80's to the spaceship columbia, the first of many spacecraft that will be propelled not on the top of one time boosters but by a space transportation system that can be used economically over and over again. >> guided and informed by a
history of successes in spaceflight. 10,000 nasa employees at six research centers across our nation and other centers in canada and europe. the effort has been advanced through over 5000 contractors. government and industry in over 25 states and 14 countries. it has challenged our creative and engineering genius in both its form and scope. that it has been, >> and difficult is not deniable. what monuments -- that it has been complex and difficult is not deniable. some say it is our destiny to fulfill the universe.
a demanding role from which we must not retreat. the hanger we call a vehicle somebody building is so large that robert goddard's first rocket launch would not have escaped its confines. columbia, through her we expect much. now, since our expectation in the air cradled and the projectile shaped external tank. >> we are rolling out now. james: today is the day that the shuttle passes through the eye of the needle. aboard the elephantine
♪ james: lawn trickle -- launch control rehearses skill, technique, procedures of that day to come. wrapped in attention and detail, columbia is now not many days from her destination. 2 15,000 foot runways, one in california, the other in florida will accept the returning ships when operational missions begin. down range, stations report and columbia is go for launch. >> n clear -- loud and clear.
james: after two minutes of flight, the solid rocket boosters burn out and follow i -- fall away. they are recovered in the atlantic 175 miles downrange to be towed ashore and used again for another shuttle flight. the main engines continue to burn. the external tank now empty. the space shuttle is in earth orbit, 150 miles above our planet.
magnificent sunsets as they orbit above the planet earth, looking down on clouds and life below. >> good morning. this is matthew james in melbourne. the shuttle slows from a speed of 18,000 miles per hour. shuttle goes into the heavy atmosphere and generates temperatures of up to 2800 degrees. the crew on the columbia have
begun reentry at this altitude. >> they must reject and absorb this heat without transferring it to the interior spacecraft. those on duty weight word that contact has been made. james: the onboard computers, guided by ms. control, houston and the pilot fly the shuttle back toward earth. along, very fast glide from mid pacific to southern california.
supersonic seeds -- speeds and then mid sonic and then as the fruit comes down, the air speeds those dramatically. -- supersonic speeds and then mid sonic speeds and then as the crew comes down, the air speeds slow dramatically. the orbiter will be taken to the processing facility for a complete checkout before his next mission. -- its next mission. progress is not a monopoly of the united states. the space transportation system will be used by nations of the world.
space aboard shuttles have been booked by many nations. the signature of the program reflects the words are astronauts left on the moon. we came in peace for all mankind. once again, columbia stands ready to be mated to the salad boosters and external tank for another mission. each orbiter is ready to fly up to 100 missions. astronaut john young, a veteran of the journey and apollo programs. astronaut bob crippen is the space shuttle pilot on the first flight. these are both highly experienced air force aircraft pilots. each step is questioned, tested,
solutions are tried, rehearsed and the emergency is again simulated. this is the lesson we have learned over 20 years of manned spaceflight. in the cockpit over the cabin of the shuttle, a pressure shoot -- suit is not necessary. work outside in the near vacuum of space requires a pressure suit. the astronauts flying in a military jet transport are given brief moments of weightlessness as the pilot maneuvers the aircraft. bob crippen experiences this as he works in his pressure suit. he must learn to use tools. the problem of handling things with his gloves on is compounded by weight this flight --
weightless flight. astronauts, mission specialists and payload specialists have a preview of the exhilaration and joy of spaceflight. survival school taught by the air force. it includes a bit of sky sailing and parachute training. at nasa's marshall spaceflight training, we have a mockup. crewmembers work out some of the problems they may have encountered in weightless condition.
the earth and its terrain can be a barrier to communications, isolating people and cultures. in some nations, it meant safety and protection and advancing civilization. others have stayed the same. the struggle has been to live, food, water. with satellites, new age is donning. -- a new age is donning=== -- a new age is dawning for all people. >> everything is in position. >> the role of mission
specialist starts when the orbiter gets on orbit and in that time, it is the mission specialist that is in charge of the orbiter mission. the mission specialist role could be opening the bay doors to using the remote system which is along are made by the canadians. they could retrieve a satellite that is already in orbit. if there is an experiment being carried on by the shuttle of this mission, it would operate the experiment. anything the orbiter might be asked to do on that particular mission, the mission specialist would be asked to carry that out . >> science places the creation of the universe 14 billion years ago. >> the camera is zoomed in. if you could go to free drift. james: this shuttle launch
telescope may see galaxies at the very time they were formed. revealing the structure and history of creation. deep space probes will add to our knowledge of our solar system. of the far planets and the cosmology of the galaxies. in the coming decades, the shuttle will place networks of satellite into earth's orbit. we will manage our resources, our crops, our land and water, weather forecasting and communication on a global scale. west germany where the european
agency is building the space lab that will fly aboard space shuttle. >> in europe, we are well aware that the basic difference has taken place in russia and the united states. we would like to participate in similar activities to benefit from the same technological advances. >> a physicist from the netherlands, omissions and payload specialist. >> there has been a large interest in doing manned space activities and back in 73, they decided to build a space laboratory that would be carried along in space. about 10 different countries, members of the european space agencies participated in the funding and development of these laboratories. germany being one of the bigger participants. it has an atmosphere that is very similar.
scientists will go up in this laboratory to do all kinds of experiments in space. >> we are reading you out and clear. go ahead. we have that down. let's see, we have one minute. james: space shuttle will be our workforce in space. with as many as four satellites orbited on one mission. >> standby for and execute -- an execute. >> they will have more than 400 flight scheduled over the next 12 years. -- they will have more than 400 flights scheduled over the next 12 years.
>> space is not now in american and soviet monopoly, it will become less so as we go on. we are approaching a point where world community is interested in space. >> this microbiologist, author -- >> we are entering a new era of construction engineering and architecture. now, for the first time in space, we are going to be able to ignore gravity and those structures that will be strong for other reasons. it is going to be a new kind of architecture, they will have prefabricated structures that we can move into position and wash
the structures grow before our lives into new forms and new shapes. the space shuttle will serve the needs of the international community and will be one more strong binding force, leading to cooperation of nations, presenting a global front to the space frontier, one that will help everybody, all nations give the earth away of forming -- a way of forming a common consciousness of the planet. james: the maiden voyage of the spatial columbia signifies a new effort. the ships of the fleet of the national space transportation