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tv   Reel America Plagues and Politics - The Story of the United States Public...  CSPAN  April 6, 2021 11:45pm-12:11am EDT

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the public health service, it's
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people in programs affect the lives of millions of americans every day. whether it's a matter of medical research, through food and drugs, contagious diseases or the delivery of health care, the public health service plays a significant role. of the public health service became what it is today is really the story of public health in america. a story that is still unfolding.
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don't be throughout the years, a public health service has fought its battle in played written stories and the corners of power in washington. today's public health service agencies are challenged by never changing world and they respond. the centers for disease control and prevention says to strive to protect citizens were infections and non infectious diseases. they have resources and services administration that support the training of health professionals and send them to underserved areas. the national institutes of health conduct basic research on diseases such as aids, the food and drug administration hastened the approval process to bring new drugs to the public. the substance abuse and mental health services administration provide services from mental,
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behavioural and addictive disorders. and the health related concerns connected with hazardous waste during increasingly important during the responsibility of the agency for project toxic substances and disease registry. relatively recent addition to the ph as is the agency for health care policy and research. the agency strive to assess the effectiveness of medical care. the public health service also responds to needy members of the community, providing care to native americans through its indian health service. it also assist the elderly, drug addicts, those with aids and others likely forgotten. when it started, it's wishing ways to serve groups that had little access to medical care. merchant seamen, representing 1790, eight when inactive congress signed into law by president john adams, providing for the government to maintain
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hospitals for sick or disabled seamen, as had traditionally been done in england. for eight first 80 years or so, what was then known as the marine hospital, was administered by customs inspectors in the support of the new nation. as the alienated states grew, so that the number of ports. marine hospitals and clinics sprouted on the east coast, as well as the west coast and up into mississippi. anywhere there was a waterway in the growing nation. by 1870, this system needed to be revamped. we organization led to the appointment of the first surgeon general, john would worth. he had been an army medical our force or in the civil war. woodward space officers in uniform, created a flag and instituted the military system of appointment by merit.
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doctor woodward's reforms were formalized by law in 1889 when the commissioner called a u.s. marine hospital service was created. as the commissioner quarter was expanding during the closing years of the 19th century, so was biological discovery. scientific firm brought changes to the hospital services. it's hygienics laboratory was a pioneer in biomedical research. in manufactured biological, some train scientists from state health departments the techniques of producing them. years later, it became the national institute of health, the heart of american medical research. the latter part of the 19th century, the marina hospital service was given another major responsibility. pointing wrestles arriving at u.s. ports to check passengers and crew is for infectious
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diseases. this task hydration event handled by the states, but as immigration. the responsibility was transferred to the federal government. and all ports of entry, the marine hospital service was in charge of inspection of arriving immigrants, including the most important of all, ellis island. the service pioneered benign, and with an efficient way to check for infectious disease, blindness and mental deficiencies. anyone who might become my public charge. more than 12 million immigrants, as many as 5000 a day at times passed through ellis island under the examining hands and watchful eyes of the marine hospital service. in 19 to, this years was renamed. it became the public health medical service. in 1920, as legislation increased scope of activities, its name with simplified to the
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public health service. and the early 1900s, their service led the fight and investigating dozens of diseases and developing treatments for them. the service battled draconian, i serious contagious eye disease that can cause blindness. commission court dr. john mandolin took his team to the rule hills and hollows of kentucky. established a hospital and 11 field clinics. he took pretzel hydrangea stop the spread. within ten years, the incidents of trial coma cases was drastically reduced. the ph as marshals these energies in montana's bitter route valley to combat rocky mountain spotted fever. the disease was carried by takes and alive stop and other ailments. future doctor was sent to montana to find a way to control the disease.
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i see search for a cure, he became infected with the disease and died. doctor was one of five peaches officers who died from rocky mountain spotted fever. a vaccine to conduct a disease resulted -- was ultimately developed. one of the most perfect fix -- perplexing disease of the thomas parlay, gratified thousand people a year we're dying from it in the early years of the century. dhs physician scientists carefully studied the disease, visiting the orphanages and prisons where played wrist truck most often. most doctors believe the disease resulted from infection. convinced of his own theories, goldberg and his wife had themselves injected with the blood of those who had the disease. his findings were startling. poor diet, not infection caused played rugs. soon, played was conquered by inexpensive dietary supplements.
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the core pioneered treatment of tuberculosis and plutonium play control at risk to their own safety. officers fought their battles in the laboratories and in the communities as well. in san francisco, and other cities, at the officers worked of anguish the culprits into bonnet played, rats and ground squirrels and their fleece. a cleanup campaigns over the years led to the control of the dreaded played. funeral disease, particularly at the time of world war i was a major concern. their service developed test on public education campaigns, and ryan research centers like this one in arkansas. workers took on child health as a responsibility as well. vhs personnel traveled throughout the countryside of america, examining and
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inoculating against diseases such as typhoid. and then there was the matter of keeping vital statistics. early work and statistics kept staffers busy. this was the personal computer. the compilation interpretation of statistics related to health and disease involves the ph as than has now. at the center of ph is work in the twenties and thirties was disease control and rural sanitation. many officers attention was occupied with -- their where the good ones, the bad ones and the worst ones. along with evaluating, disservice designed built and distributed toilets. the bottom line was good outhouses were given the approval of the public health service, like this one. bring the ph s.e.. during those years, their
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service successfully battled with dozens of infectious diseases, including malaria, typhus, yellow fever and bookworm. during the twenties and thirties, the main hospitals remain the core of the public health service. hospitals employ the majority of ph as personnel, and served as a training ground for physicians. dentists and other furnishings. as the thirties war on and the nation struggled its way out of the depression, the public health service became part of the cure. the social security in 1935 ways landmark legislation, providing the ph as with the authority to make the grants to help develop and improve state and local health departments. >> one of the most significant events in public health -- >> the surgeon general at the time, doctor thomas wasn't publicist for the health causes of the day. he made syphilis prevention one of the main stays of his
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mission. his outspokenness on the subject lead to more public attention conveniently sees and it's prevention. his conservative predecessor, surgeon general u.s. coming had served four terms in the position and generally opposed the ph as assistance and local health matters. in 1936, president franklin d. roosevelt believed coming as surgeon general and appointed somebody else. the longtime public health officers. the essence of fdr's new deal resonated with has considerably broader view of public health. during the roosevelt administration, 55 acres became the new home of whatever regionally had been the hygienics laboratory. >> the national institute of health 16 universal language of humanitarianism. and 90 >> in 1930, the laboratories name had been changed to the national
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institute of health. the move prepared the nih for its period of rapid growth in the post war years. 1941 saw the country's entry into world war ii public health service officers served in several different branches of the armed forces. many were signed to the coast guard and did everything from making see bourne households while on convoy patrol supporting amphibious landings perhaps one of the most fundamental changes brought about by the war was in nursing. the strain of the war on how countries health care system made it clear that something had to be done to increase the supply of nurses the answer was the kodak nurse corps, which was ford formed to meet and they need. their nursery schools had received a free education. we were paid a salary by the peaches and we're obligated to perform military or federal service in return for their
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education 85% of the nurses graduated in the years 1943 to 46 were in the cadet nurse corps the quality of nursing education was changed forever. as a result of pages policy and funding nursing poles were no longer in the shadow which i previously been their soul sponsors. it was a tremendous boost to the profession. the ph as his most important legacy from world war ii with the atlanta-based malaria control and were areas program, often referred to as the ncaa the controlled was a major activity and the american south and the caribbean during the war. at the end of the war, it became clear that the ncaa had developed an important role in infectious disease research and control. so i was continued, providing practical applications of
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public health research techniques to problems such as typhus control. the agency remained at its atlanta base, and was renamed the communicable disease center. and later, as we know today, the centers for disease control and prevention.
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