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tv   Reel America Apollo 10 To Sort Out The Unknowns - 1969  CSPAN  February 1, 2021 10:38am-11:05am EST

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atlas mountains and that's an altitude higher than when the parachutes open. if you notice in the movie i had a long communications cord. i learned and developed the discipline to step away from data and i would start strolling back and forth. it looks like i'm praying. i'm listening to my team, intense listening. when i'm ready to make a decision, i sit down and the team knows it and we go off. but basically you've got to learn to use your people and listen to them. >> thank you. [ applause ] >> we appreciate all you've done. >> thank you. you're watching american history tv. every weekend on c-span3, explore our nation's past. american history tv, on c-span3, created by america's cable
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television companies. today we're brought to you by these television companies who provide american history tv to viewers as a public service. may 18th, 1969, we were almost ready. man had orbited the moon once. man had test flown the lunar module, the lunar landing craft, in earth orbit once. but before we would commit men to a lunar landing, there were still a number of things to be worked out. this was the mission of apollo 10. in the words of its commander, tom stafford, to sort out all the unknowns and pave the way for a lunar landing.
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it was a veteran crew, spacecraft commander tom stafford had flown on gemini 6 and 9 and gene cirnon had flown, john young had been on gemini 3 and 10. they would face problems on apollo 10, problems that would be solved for apollo 11. most would be minor, but they would be solved. stafford, young, they brought to their mission enthusiasm, dedication, responsibility, even amazement. and through the means of color television, they took us with them as they played their part in man's greatest adventure. >> we are go for a mission to the moon at this time. tom stafford reports they are go. we're coming up on the 20-second mark. t minus 20 seconds and counting. 17 seconds and counting.
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15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9. we have ignition sequence start. engines on. 5, 4, 3, 2. all engines running. launch commit. liftoff. we have liftoff 49 minutes past the hour. >> good ignition on the second stage. >> that staging was quite a sequence. >> just like old times. it's beautiful out here.
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>> man, this is the greatest journey. >> apollo 10 was headed for its initial parking orbit around the earth. after the checkout in orbit, it was time for tli, trans lunar injection, the burn of the s-4 engine to send apollo 10 to the moon. >> roger, you're good for tli. >> right on. >> roger. we confirmed the cutout. >> apollo 10 with a perfect burn was on its way to the moon. now the command and service module separated from the s-4b and turned around to dock with the lunar module. for the first of many times, tom stafford turned on the small high resolution color television camera and shared with the
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people of earth the spectacular sights of outer space. apollo 10 took along all of those who were making the conquest of the moon a reality. >> charlie, we can't be more than about 550. >> roger. >> it's looking real stable. >> roger. >> houston, you're looking good. we can see the markings. >> haven't fired yet. >> roger. >> snap, snap, and we're there. got two grays. >> roger.
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>> team, we can read the numbers on the right docking window. >> during the docking, apollo 10 encountered its first problem. the milar had broken, releasing a firestorm of gas into the gravity. >> they had insulation in the seal and in the valve and it is really a heck of a mess up here. >> for apollo 11, it would be mixed. then we watched as they pull free of the s-4b and got the first color pictures of the planet earth. >> charlie, it's so hard to describe. you can go right past alaska and you can see the polar cap. it's incredible. >> we see it all here, gene. the colors are really beautiful. >> that's great. and the blackest black that you ever could conceive is the
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setting for all of this. >> right. >> so stafford, young and cernan began their coast away from earth, their speed continually dropping as the arms of earth's gravity tried to pull them back. to control the temperature of the space craft, they performed a slow, steady rotation. >> shortly we'll soon be about 55,000 miles out. >> that's right. >> seems like a long way from home. >> it was time to continually check the trajectory and the spacecraft. the command module, call sign charlie brown, the lunar module, snoopy. it was time for conversation and it was time for showing the people at home on the earth what space travel is like. >> you have your choice, if you don't like things right side up, you can go upside down. >> i just do whatever he says. >> roger.
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>> it's the only way to fly. >> farther and farther from earth, stafford, young and cernan flew on their wingless flight, now off the rotating home planet day and night became only a progression of minutes as the spacecraft rotated at three revolutions an hour. >> we're about to finish the diagonal thing. tomorrow we should be around the moon. >> roger. >> apollo 10, it sounds like we're ready for a naval drill on the flight deck. >> here is your horoscope
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reading. tom stafford, you should concentrate on doing things that aren't done. john young, you will have a slow day today. this will give you time to concentrate on the work ahead. you will enjoy your surroundings and companions. >> give careful thought to your working and driving habits, do something nice for your friends. >> the crew of apollo 10 was getting ready for lunar orbit. checklist gone over, clocks synchronized, computers updated. as the time for the lunar orbit insertion burn neared, the men in mission control concentrated on their displays. >> apollo 10, just tried looking out as far as i can out of the top hatch window and still can't see the moon. we'll take your word that it's there. >> it's there plus 60 miles.
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>> i'll guarantee you on that. >> apollo 10, two minutes. everybody here says god sped. >> los, loss of signal. the turn to place the spacecraft into lunar orbit would take place behind the moon, out of contact with earth. later, the second orbit would be circular. the flight controllers waited for aos, acquisition of signal. >> we have aos. >> apollo 10 houston, over. >> roger, houston. apollo 10, you can tell the world that we have arrived. >> how is the view, 10? >> charlie, it might sound corny, but the view is really out of this world. >> for the second time, three
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americans orbited the moon. the electronic senses of mis-spin, the man space flight network followed their flight, measuring precisely their orbital path. on the first orbit, the crew turned the tv camera on the scarred lunar landscape. >> that's the first real thing i'm positive of that i've seen that i recognize. boy, it really stands out. >> stafford, young, cernan, a quarter of a million miles from earth, 60 miles above our desolate satellite. >> boy, this is really a rugged planet. >> also, look at some of the mountains we can see.
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that's going to be a real kick tomorrow down at 50,000 feet, over. >> we copy that. >> just an apollo ten. it is absolutely fantastic. >> now it is time for them to call into snoopy to check it out for the next day's decent. his evaluation -- >> firstly, i'm very happy with the fella and i mope we can give you as good of a report tomorrow. you watch snoopy well tonight and make it sleep good and we'll take him out for a walk and let
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him stretch his legs in the morning. >> john i don't think and the weather module. they checked out snoopy for the last time. one of the itemed involved venting the tunnel to make sure the hatches did not leak. >> as i say again we cannot get the tunnel to vent, over. >> i understand, tunnel will not vent. >> this was a real problem. the vent pipe seemed to be clogged, but the hash intellty was checked. the inability to reduce presh caused a rotation between the two spacecraft. for apollo 11 it would be fixed.
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>> okay, three minutes going over the hill. you're go for undocking and we'll see you around the other side. >> roger. >> the undocking took place behind the moon. when act was reaccomplished, snoopy and charlie brown was ready for decent. >> you never know how big this thing gets when there ain't nobody in here but one guy. >> never know how small it looks when you're as far away as we are. >> if you could turn on the radar transponder. >> okay, my transponder is on.
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transponder is on and the test switch is in operate. >> i should be getting a radar signal here and i sure don't. >> a piece was not functioning. out it there would be no low orbit decent in the lunar module. the decent was the heart of the mission. one last ditch instruction was sent out. >> roger, how about trying to recycle the power switch charlie brown. >> in the command module, he turned the switch off and back on it again. >> that did it, you guys, it's on. >> we got signal! what do you know about that? a little thing, a stick switch,
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but for apollo 11 it would be corrected. >> we'll see you back in about six hours. >> all right. >> have a good time while we're gone. >> don't get lonesome out there, john. >> and don't accept any updates. >> charlie brown, houston, 4 5 seconds, you're still go finish doi. >> doi, decent orbit insertion would come about 180 degrees for landing site two. according to the laws of celestial mechanics, this would put stafford, sernan, and snoopy
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in sight. >>. >> they're down there moving rocks, talking about the bolders right now. >> eight miles before the surface, 35,000 feet above the hills, a communications problem. exact with snoopy was reestablished through charlie brown. >> this is snoopy. >> go ahead. >> we are going. down among them. >> waving your way up the free way. >> that is fantastic, fantastic. >> charlie that is fantastic, really.
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>> i tell you, this satellite had a rough beginning somewhere back there. i tell you, we're looking at the top of some hills, to. >> then, one of the key aspects, tom stafford describing the landing site for apollo 11. >> okay, the approach here looks smoother. 25% to 30% semi clear. so if they have enough hoover time it should not be a problem. if you come down in the wrong area you'll have to shove off.
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>> now it was time to begin the rendezvous. to put smoty and charlie brown in the proper phase worship for the coming maneuvers. >> okay, we're burning, john, we're burning. >> snoopy was now ready for the ryen day view sequence. once more they rounded the battered face of the mown. moon. >> we just saw earth rise and it has to be magnificent. >> i don't know how the big man would see things, but if his view is better than hours it has to be fantastic. >> before the actual rendezvous
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stage, but in the separation something went wrong. snoopy started to roll rapidly. >> houston, we're close to a lock. >> okay, something went mild there. we're going to go ahead. >> they got it -- they had a wild gyration, but they got it under control. >> it was an unexpected system malfunction, they quickly had it under control. in fact tom stafford and gene sernan were never in any danger but for a few seconds they didn't know that. now the sequence came step by
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step. they have missed five rendezvouses. so they road up to join charlie brown. >> okay, you're into about five feet, looking beautiful. >> snoopy and charlie brown are hugging each other. >> but the day is not over yet. >> we're all back in the command module, the tunnel is all locks up. >> we can go ahead and separate now char he will brown. >> okay, houston, we'll give you a count down.
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>> when he leaves, he leaves. it is right into the sun, right into the sun. >> that little snoopy was a real winner. >> we concur. >> big charlie brown is no slouch, either. >> the next day apollo 10 stayed in orbit around the moon. more on tracking, and with each figure it is being pinned down closer and closer for the anticipate of the arrival of apollo 11. >> this is a very interesting
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looking things that sort of look like volcanos. there is one on the backside that, if it was in a different setting you would have called it mt. fujiyama. >> i saw. >> but now it is time to head home to earth. transearth injection. a burn that would bush apollo 10 out of it's lunar orbit. >> again, this is the most pivotal of all maneuvers, cut off from all earthly contact.
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>> roger, houston. >> glad to have you on the way back home. >> for the last time apollo 10 watches the sapphire, called earth, rise over a stark lunar horizon. and they shared with us the sites and feelings through color television. >> we're climbing straight up. >> you're going about 6,000 feet per second. >> as the crew of apollo 10 decided to perform one more test. not in the original objectives,
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but a test that had baffled engineers for years. >> a razor and brushless shaving cream. >> that is one of the most refreshing things to happen in the last couple days. >> you guys really look good. >> down from moon toward the coast of earth, toward it's dawn rendezvous at sea. >> problems had been met, faced, and solved for that was the
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mission. and that is what paved the way. as the men of apollo 10 were reunited with their family and friends, attention was already turning elsewhere. rolling out to the launch bad before apollo 10 entered the orbit of the moon. if we harness our energies and keep our perspectives right the goals are unlimited. >> you're watching "american history tv" every weekend on c-span 3. created by

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