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tv   Reel America The Inauguration of John F. Kennedy - 1961  CSPAN  January 23, 2021 8:01am-8:19am EST

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states. this u.s. information agency is a compilation of highlights from the events of january 20, 1961. in about 15 minutes, the inaugural story of 1969. a film by the joint inaugural committee, senate recording studio, documenting the january 20, 1969 richard nixon inauguration. in about an hour from 1949, the inauguration of president truman. a chronicle of the event produced by the u.s. army. in 80 minutes, the inauguration of dwight eisenhower. also produced by the inaugural committee. this 1957 color film documents the events around president eisenhower's second term. ♪
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>> this is the white house, the home and the office of the president of the united states. last november, some 70 million american citizens cast ballots to determine who would fill this chair. to determine the possible would follow responsibilities of this office. the choice was john fitzgerald kennedy. the youngest man ever elected. he follows a line which began with george washington, the first president and the only president elected by unanimous votes. he follows thomas jefferson. abraham lincoln, whose name stands as a symbol of compassion and humanity. from their home in nearby georgetown on this day, january 20, 1961, mr. kennedy and his
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wife, jacqueline, come to the white house where they are greeted by president eisenhower. ♪ vice president nixon, vice president elect johnson and their wives were guests of the white house. for many weeks, the outgoing and incoming administrations have worked together to ensure the orderly transfer of government. mr. eisenhower and mr. kennedy ride to the capital for the inaugural ceremony. the completion of this transition. undaunted by the unusually cold weather, the crowd began
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gathering early in the morning. here beneath the gleaning dome of the capitol, honored guests are assembling to take their places on the portico. members of congress. ♪ former president harry truman and family. poets robert frost and marion anderson. two of many guests representing the arts in america. members of the kennedy family. justices of the supreme court.
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♪ the diplomatic corps representing countries throughout the world. mrs. john fitzgerald kennedy, with her mother. president dwight eisenhower and vice president richard nixon. the vice president-elect, lyndon b. johnson. the last to take his place, the president-elect. this crowd gathered on the capitol grounds is about to witness the chief justice of the united states administer the oath of office. >> you, john fitzgerald kennedy, do solemnly swear. >> i, john fitzgerald kennedy, do solemnly swear. >> that you will faithfully execute the office of president of the united states. >> that i will faithfully execute the office of president
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of the united states. >> and will to the best of your ability. >> and will to the best of my ability. >> preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the united states. >> so help me god. >> so help me god. ♪ >> in his inaugural address the president emphasizes that the same revolutionary beliefs are still around the globe. the rights of man come from the hand of god. >> let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the
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survival and the success of liberty. [applause] this much we pledge -- and more. to those old allies whose cultural and spiritual origins we share, we pledge the loyalty of faithful friends. united there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative and ventures. divided there is little we can do. for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder. to those new states whom we welcome to the ranks of the free, we pledge our word that one form of colonial control shall not have passed away merely to be replaced by a far more iron tyranny. we shall not always expect to
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find them supporting our view. but we shall always hope to find them strongly supporting their own freedom and to remember that, in the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside. [applause] to those people in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery, we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required. not because the communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right. if a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich. [applause]
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to our sister republics south of our border, we offer a special pledge. to convert our good words into good deeds--in a new alliance for progress--to assist free men and free governments in casting off the chains of poverty. but this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers. let all our neighbors know that we shall join with them to oppose aggression or subversion anywhere in the americas. let every other power know that this hemisphere intends to remain the master of its own house. [applause] to that world assembly of
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sovereign states, the united nations, our last best hope in an age where the instruments of war have far outpaced the instruments of peace, we renew our pledge of support. to prevent it from becoming merely a forum for invective. to strengthen its shield of the new and the weak. to enlarge the area in which its writ may run. finally, to those nations who would make themselves our adversary, we offer not a pledge but a request. that both sides begin anew the quest for peace, before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned or accidental self-destruction.
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let's begin anew. remembering on both sides that stability is not a sign of weakness. let us never negotiate out of fear. let us never fear to negotiate. [applause] my fellow citizens of the world, ask not what america will do for you but what together we could do for the freedom of man. [applause] ♪
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>> it gives way to celebration as the traditional inaugural parade begins. this year celebrating the birth of a new generation. a new generation in president kennedy's words. born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a bitter peace, proud of its ancient heritage. [applause]
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♪ >> arriving at the white house grounds, mr. and mrs. kennedy headed for the specially constructed stand. they are joined by vice president and mrs. johnson, they will review the inaugural parade. the parade symbolizes the american people, regardless of party, wish their new leaders well. ♪ the cadets of the united states military academy. the midshipmen of the united states naval academy. ♪
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the cadets of the united states air force academy.
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♪ floats representing the state and the union add color and gaiety to the occasion. massachusetts, home state of president kennedy. the republican governor of the state. [applause] ♪ texas, home state of vice president johnson. [applause] ♪
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this patrol boat is identical to the one commanded by president kennedy during his service in the pacific in world war ii. ♪ and so a nation spends the afternoon of an important day celebrating the inauguration of its 35th president. however, president kennedy's day is far from over. early evening brings a display of fireworks. ♪
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later this same evening, citizens from around the world continue the celebration by dancing at one or another of five inaugural balls. during the ball, the president with the first lady and the vice president and mrs. johnson introduces the members of the new cabinet. ♪ the secretary of state dean rust and mrs. rust.
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the secretary of the treasury douglas dillon and mrs. dillon. secretary of defense, robert mcnamara, and mrs. mcnamara. attorney general robert kennedy and mrs. kennedy. and the ambassador of the united nations are among those presented. the following day at the white house the cabinet is sworn in by chief justice warren in the presence of mr. kennedy. these men will assist the president in fulfilling the responsibilities of the executive branch of the government. the administration of president john fitzgerald kennedy begins. ♪


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