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tv   Reel America Mob and Riot Control - 1964  CSPAN  January 22, 2021 8:29pm-8:45pm EST

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four in law enforcement today, the police officer is often the peacekeeper, in events involving national and local issues for which he is neither responsible, nor empowered to resolve. yet he remains the crucial pivot around which economic, education, racial and other issues of the day revolve. ♪ ♪ ♪
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next on american history tv, a 1964 film titled mob and riot control. this police training film demonstrates techniques of mob control and the use of tear gas, smoke and buttons. federal laboratories funded the film, as manufacture of a popular riot gun used to fire gas canisters. ♪ ♪ ♪
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>> riots and civil disturbances are on the increase everywhere. press reports from around the world showed that many such demonstrations, whether peaceful or not have developed into riots. with police casualties, loss of life and quality. there are professional agitators, who can inflame tempers and turn peaceful protest protests into bloody riots. with anarchy. it can happen here, wherever you are. it's a police problem. once such a civil disturbances broken up, there are tactics
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based on planning ploy meant of minimum force that can be used to bring it under control. when you are about to see the most basic, important, and effective techniques. the only unalterable fact about civil disturbances is that they are caused by and involve people. as always, the police are on the spot and have to dominate the situation. crowds at sports events, people at the scene of an accident can get out of hand, especially if local or national tensions are involved. one of the most potentially dangerous situations is the demonstration. even if the demonstrators themselves are discipline, the crowd that gathered can easily become unruly or explicit. a skilled agitator could quickly with this kind of a crowd into a murderously destructive crowd.
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such a mob should not be approached except by a well disciplined, organized, uniformed unit of law enforcement officers. performing as a team and not as individuals. police are usually outnumbered. however the tactical force should be large enough to deal with the situation properly. an assembly area near the disturbance, but out of sight of the riders should be designated. the individual officers and their vehicles should be directed to this area. which can also serve as a communication command post. [noise] the empty police vehicle should be guarded, and the area sealed off if possible.
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[windows breaking] [shouting] when the riot unit has formed, it is ready for that first important psychological move. the show of force. the surprise appearance of a specially equipped, disciplined police unit, early in the action, will often be sufficient to dominate the situation. the first official act will usually be the orders to disperse. it is best amplified with a bull horn. the form of proclamation varies from state to state. >> this is the lieutenant, a police officer of the city. i hereby declare this to be an
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awe unlawful assembly. i commend you to disperse, or be taken underdressed. >> the orders should be given clearly several times. if the mob refuses to comply, there are a number of possible courses to follow. first there is the employment of the special tactical force. there are three basic types of formations. the line, the diagonal, and the wedge. if possible your force should consist of three squads. to an action, and one in reserve. the success of the formations depend on the field commanders experience and judgment. the wedge type formation is used to breaking the mob into segments. it is also used to enter a mob
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to rescue i wounded officer or season agitator or ringleader. one of agitators taken, it is imperative that he be removed from the scene immediately. without their leader, the mob will be confused and more easily broken up. the line is a used in denying an objective to a crowd. for example, blocking an entrance or gait. it can also be used in clearing a mob from an area. the diagonal is used in turning a crowd away from a wall or fence, or diverting a moving crowd in a different direction.
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the weapons used in controlling the mob are very. firearms are necessary, but should be held in reserve and use only as the very last resort. they're premature and advised used could forever complicate the situation. bringing the and the very familiar charge of police brutality. again such groups, an effective weapon is a long button. all departments should be equipped with his first how special issue weapon. men trained and it's correct use, facetime mob with confidence. it's full length is used an offense and defense, and in restraining or handling crowds. the tip of the baton could be used to deliver thrust, jabs
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and punches. the objective in any disturbance is to confuse and break up the mob. in the first critical stage, one of the most effective it can be released by a grenade or by a handheld projector. the best delivery technique for smoke or tear gas is the line of release. a number of grenades are placed in the line, for example across the street away from the mob. so that air currents will carry the cloud into the scene of action. white obscuring smoke does not stain or contaminate. it is non-toxic, and like tear gas must be used with favorable winds.
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police do not need to have to come into physical contact with writers, or enter the area of obscured vision. this cuts out the possibility of police casualties. and escape must be left open to the mob. smoke and fuses in the moralizes. what once was a cohesive group with a unified purpose, becomes a collection of panicked individuals. >> open the door. open the door. [noise] open those doors and get out of town.
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>> a. a. smoke is also highly effective against the lie down and sit-down demonstrators. eliminating the need of tearing them away. [noise] the more violent phases of riots can best be counted by
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the use of tear gas. protective masks should be worn if available. police should try to employ tear gas up win of the mob if possible. if the wind is blowing against you, isn't gassed gun to drop long-range projectiles behind the crowd, so the wind will carry it through the mob.
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visible tight tear gas is probably the most effective inhumane means of controlling critical situations. it has no lasting effects. the heavy concentration of tear gas will have a strong psychological effect. when you use it, use enough. the physical irritation in this comfort will force most riders
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to vacate the area. a grenade that separates into three sections as effective against loosely dispersed riders. in a no wind condition, it's advisable to use a flashlight grenade. when in close contact, it is a short range blast gun. remember, present a disciplined united uniform front. he shot forces sometimes all that is necessary, employ only men who have been drilled in the tactical formations. you can usually rely on the progressive employment of your riot formations, the baton, smoke, and tear gas to break up most civil disturbances. he was firearms only as a last resort. break up a crowd,

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