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tv   Reel America The Atlantic Community - Introducing France - 1954  CSPAN  January 9, 2021 8:01am-8:22am EST

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join us for a 1950's journey to visit five nato countries. first, a look at france, 1954. it begins with a teacher in equatorial africa, asking, what is france? in 20 minutes, we will check on 1955 west germany, to see how things have changed since the end of world war ii. in 40 minutes, the united kingdom will be in the spotlight . we will see queen elizabeth visiting former british colonies. in about an hour, a look at our neighbors to the north in introducing canada. and finally in about 80 minutes, we see 1956 america as we presented ourselves to our nato allies in introducing the united states. ♪ [newsreel patriotic symphony music]
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♪ >> blue, white, and red, the flag of france flies in all of the winds of the world,
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in the gales of the north atlantic, in typhoon weather in the south pacific. it flies too under the hot dry skies of north africa over gleaming new cities as white as the sands on which they stand. beyond the cities, the flag of france flies over the vast sahara with its oases, caravan trails and foreign legion forts. further south still, light and power are being brought to the african interior, there, too, is is progress.re too ♪ under the blue, white, and red, come thousands of square miles of the earth's surface, rivers and plains, valleys and villages. one, whereke this
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the sick and afflicted are tended by dr. schweitzer, scientist, philosopher, musician, and frenchman. half the world away, it flies over the antarctic. there, the french are working to push forward the frontier of knowledge, to plant the banner of science in the unknown. ♪ it flies, too, over a school in french equatorial africa. there, the teacher puts the question to his pupils, tell me, what is this france, this nation that unites tahiti and paris, you and dr. schweitzer? france is a country surrounded by two seas, an ocean, and three mountain ranges. it is much smaller than africa.
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and what grows in france? bananas. well, yes, france does grow bananas, but only a few of them. but they symbolize the diversity which is france, the diversity which is her wealth. a few bananas, even some oil, in . in volume, the oil from the foothills of the pyrenees may not be a threat to texas, but its value is already an economic comfort to france. ♪ diversity which is wealth in the heart of france, prospectors listen to the tick, tick of geiger counters. for there in the hard ground can
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be found the new wealth of the atomic age, uranium. uranium for france is two atomic pals. wealth to the north in normandy, pastures for some of the finest beef and dairy livestock in the world. ♪ here only 10 years ago was d-day and the blossoms wilted in the fumes of battle. now there is peace again in normandy and plenty. ♪ milk, butter, eggs and cheese, cheese made by special formulas and skills passed down through generations of peasant cheese makers producing delicacies like camembert, famous throughout the world.
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these are pastures whose products make names for the fine menus everywhere. filet mignon on the hoof, the prime materials of the renowned french art of cooking. farming in france is rooted both in experience and in a faith in the soil that borders on religion. faith in france tends to be strong and religion timeless, yet infinitely tangible. ♪ thanks to its wealth, france has enough for her own needs and enough to spare to send abroad.
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so the names of her great sea ports are synonymous with her wealth, sunny marseille, ports among some of europe's busiest harbors. along the coast of marseille is touille. one of the nation's biggest naval stations. here are fighting ships like this aircraft carrier, ships and men following great traditions for the french have been sea faring people since the days of gaulle. wealth from the sea off the brittany coast.
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here too is faith. a pardon or a blessing of the sea is as much a part of a fisherman's life as his boats or nets. wealth from beneath france, from the deep coal mines of the northeast. today, these mines are a mainstay of the coal steel community coordinating these basic industries in six european countries. [loud sound of drilling] from these mines come millions of tons of coal each year to be turned into steaming coke and smoking ingots in the mills. ♪ the longest continuous coal strip mill in europe, an engineering feat performed for the rejuvenation of french industry.
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record production in the mines and mills means record production all down the line, wealth transformed into 2000 cars turned out each day into the fastest railway locomotive , into some of the planes.fastest the french air force, guardian the skies over the ancient -- such of europe machines, the french air force is a vital part of western defense guarding the skies over the ancient bastiens. today's new economic surge in france is one powered by electricity and each year finds the lines extending further across the country.
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electricity not to change the face of france. for that, the french do not want, but to make life easier by turning the force of rivers and streams into useful power. the greatest of the new projects is the chain of dams and power stations on the river rhone. there, thousands of french workers carried out the gigantic task of rechanneling a mighty river to harness its power. now it has become a symbol of that new surge in the french economy, an economy based upon the diversity which is wealth. yes, france is wealth, but that's only some of the story. there is something special about france that makes her different and yet makes her a part of everyone's dreams. call it culture, call it the art of living. really, it's indefinable.
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like most precious things, it's old, old as the stones of carmack and the great ruins of roman france, reminding the world that men have lived here since the beginning of time. even in the middle ages, france was thriving with towns and villages founded by benedictine monks in the ninth century. there in the church, men preached the second crusade and they knelt for the assumption of the cross. the angel of dreams smiled down on a liberating army led by a girl called joan of arc. the palace of versailles built by louis xiv. king's commands were
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extravagant. there, the rulers formed a kingdom until the people replaced the private splendor of the few with liberty, equality and fraternity. the nobles are dead. but history and duty still walk through the gardens of the great chateaus. yes, france has something special, mellowed stone and vine s pruned close to the ground and flowers. ♪ there is lavender in provence bathing the hills in color, and flower carts to carry the or toms to market
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distilleries. fragrance of rose, jasmine and lavender blended into fabulous scents which make france the land of perfume. something special, perhaps the constant search for the beautiful, the satisfying, a reverence for perfection, the good taste of those seeking the sublime. these are the hallmarks of french craftsmen, such as the glass workers blowing their magic into crystal. wine, not just a beverage, but a history in geography of france. the wine of the fortress town where gated horses still uphold
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the high tradition of french cavalry. alsace on the banks of the rhein s war whererg, itt he capital -- weary capital. bordeaux, where ships have been calling for its wine since europe was young. the great palace and the famous rich. the center of the wine trade of burgundy with the hospital of the holy spirit dating from 1443. alsace and champagne, heady and choice like paris itself. paris by night.
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time at the opera and a hush in louge, a dancer makes her entrance and the clown waits in the wings. [applause] paris, gay by night, hard-working by day, but at all times pulsating with life, full of much that is special. no one is more stimulated by paris than the students, for this is one of the world's greatest seats of learning.
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here, research the legacy of pasteur and curie, thanks to vaccines, 50 million of the world's children have been protected against tuberculosis. science or art, paris is the fountainhead of ideas, diverse and often daring, for france is a nonconformist land. it has been said that every man has two homelands, his own and france. since the middle ages, paris with her great university of the sorbonne has been a second home for all who seek beauty and the truth. and there is much beauty here, perhaps more than has ever been packed into one city before. it took 2,000 years to make
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paris and a lifetime to know her well. and yet, her landmarks are household words for half the people on earth. notre dame, the eiffel tower and in its shadow, today, nato's headquarters where france is host to her allies in the atlantic alliance. the national assembly housing france's elected representatives. i do not agree with what you say, but i will defend to the death your right to say it. this is the credo of france. the people are more individualistic and it follows that no politics are more lively. yet, there is stability here too, the stability of tradition, the coherency of being french.
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every 14th of july, france celebrates her revolution against tyranny and her accession to the world of free men. then the diversity that is wealth becomes the diversity of strength as frenchmen of every color, creed and class unite behind the flag. france with her great traditions has much to live for and, therefore, much to defend. and so when the 15-nation atlantic community, france has taken her rightful place in the ever ready defense of freedom. on the night of july 14, all
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france dances in the streets, housewives and school teachers, students and policemen. but what of the little boy whose father is away on an antarctic expedition? isthat night, france to him tara adderley. and even on that night, the sense of belonging, belonging to a family of great and proud people. there and everywhere where it flies in the winds of the world. ♪ ♪
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announcer: nato was founded on april 4, 1949 with 12 members. the atlantic community is a series of 20 minute films 1956,ed between 1954 and financed by the u.s. government. the films were designed to familiarize member countries with the culture, history, industries, fourth attractions and military contributions of their nato partners. next introducing germany. , this episode looks at west germany, which joined nato in 1955, when communist east germany was not a nato member. ♪

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