tv Reel America The Hudson - 1968 CSPAN January 6, 2021 6:56pm-7:24pm EST
lady bird johnson on a journey by boat. her trip begins with a dedication to the american museum of immigration and the statue of liberty. then she follows -- visits in new york city before traveling north to visit cultural sites. >> the hudson is a corridor of history, holding some of this country's oldest memories. it has its beginnings high in the ancient rocks of the adirondacks. the names given to the waters that form to make the hudson were given by the first people to live by this great river of the mountains. falls of hanging spear, three of the clouds, and the folks originating in kamala -- calamity mountain. the many streams, stony creek's, wolf creek. the early dutch farmers who
first settled the valley came from flat country that held no secrets. but the brooding catskills, it's jagged riches -- ridges often shrouded in mist, sent their imaginations a flame. folklore and frightening tales about it, even to this day. widening the hudson, runs south through a great glacial channel. here it becomes a long ocean inlet where the atlantic tides push their way up river for 150 miles. the algonquin's called it the river that flows two ways. while the story of the hudson begins geographically in the adirondacks, it begins in terms of people at the entrance to the great harbor of new york city, the very first impression visitors have not only of the hudson but of america herself.
in the spring of 1968, mrs. lyndon johnson turned back the pages of american history in a trip through the hudson valley. her trip began with the dedication of the american museum of immigration, housed appropriately within the pedestal of the statue of liberty. she opened the doors of the museum using two pairs of scissors brought to america a half century earlier by taylor's from the old world.
the museum of immigration we dedicate symbolizes the new start that millions of people received in this country. the exhibit here are what we as a people have been. they remind us that america was a willing recipient, and fortunate beneficiary of the greatest mass migration in the history of mankind, nothing like it has ever taken place before, and probably nothing like it ever will again. nearly 45 million human beings have come to the shore since the 18 twenties. every race, color, created, they brought their suitcases,
pictures of home, and their dreams. their love, their blood, their prayers, and their families united in this great nation, proving to the world that in union there is strength. to their descendants, i have no greater accolade to bestow than to say the president and i embrace you in the common joy and pride of being fellow americans. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
mrs. johnson's excursion began on the water, and though her point of departure was the nation's wealthiest, biggest, and most glamorous, she would chart a course for nearly three centuries of river history. ♪ ♪ moving along the length of manhattan island, a traveler could easily see the efforts that the new americans from europe had brought, here was a melting pot. a mixture and blending of the building trades.
carpenter is from germany. storm coverage from italy. iron workers from sweden and belgium. brick layers from ireland. ♪ ♪ they labored over a century to build city the likes of which the world has never known, and their descendants build and rebuild it to this day. ♪ ♪ at midtown manhattan, mrs. johnson received a good trip from two visitors. governor rockefeller, accompanied by mrs. rockefeller, at new york city's young mayor,
mr. lindsey, and mrs. lindsey. lawrence rockefeller, director of national parks and recreation, give some background on a proposed park along the hudson side street, the first four acres would cost nearly 1 million dollars. national park service director, george, presented a federal plan for half the amount. in matching the federal check with state funds and private donations, new york would start immediately to bring the plant to reality. the hudson's deep waters,
antjuan inevitable stretches were instrumental in opening up the continent. early for traders told of great lands to the north and west. settlers and a mass migration moved up the hudson. following the sun along the western reaches of the mohawk valley to ohio and beyond. in exploring the hudson, mrs. johnson would not have found a more knowledgeable guide than lawrence rockefeller. the rockefeller family has long been a active force in preserving the sources of the entire hudson corridor. james, the president of the national trust for historic preservation pointed out one of the unique features of the hudson shoreline. one of the many european style -- built throughout the 18 hundreds. it open to the public, as a
notable example, later on in the trip, miss johnson would spend a memorable evening in the mansion. with particular emphasis upon the history lying behind the ornate homes. they offer a distinct departure from the soap boxes, and federal styles of architecture so long associated with the young nations growth. ♪ ♪ the great merchants and financial years of manhattan, found themselves lead in with sudden wealth. they moved northward from new york city and planted on the banks, a endless line of
italian villas, greek temples, and ironclad castles, collectively known as hudson river gothic. many of these magnificent buildings still remain, but they are hidden and forgotten in the forested hillsides along the river. and cared for, waiting for the records, or more hopefully to the preservationist who will restore the to their former splendor, making them available for the public's use. ♪ ♪ even though the hudson river is over 300 miles long, some of the richest experiences can be found waiting only 30 miles north of manhattan, an hours drive up the scenic parkway.
♪ ♪ mrs. johnson's first landing embodied the very spirit of the hudson valley. the area made famous by the readings of washington irving in the late:?v 1800s. mrs. johnston was met at washington irving's home by an enthusiastic gathering of local conservationists, historians, and active citizens dedicated to preserving the towns past. early satirical sketches of new yorkers firmly established him as the first internationally
recognized man of american letters. he purchased sunnyside retreat from his literary in social work. the charming home soon became a focal point for all the important writers, painters, and philosophers of his time. although washington irving authored many volumes, none received such critical praise as his critical sketchbook of jeffrey crayon. ) sneaky hollow restorations, as a memento of her visit to sunny side. mrs. johnson's bookshelf was enlarged even further, this time by carl calmer, the noted historian with a autographed position on his work on the hudson, and to her delight a young man, tyler smith, who will offer later on in the day a spirited reading of her story in the sketchbook.
the inspiration for irving's famous tail, and many of his others, where the hours spent as a child roaming the quite forests in the sleepy hollow area. >> on waking, he found himself on the green knoll whence he had first seen the men of the glen. he rolled -- rubbed his eyes, it was a bright and sunny morning. the birds were hopping and tweeting among the pushes. -- bush is. >> he found the gully up which he and his companions had climbed up the proceeding evening. to his astonishment, a mountain stream was now falling down it, leaping from rock to rock and filling the glen with murmurs. he however scrambled up its
sides working his toilsome way through birch, suppress and sometimes tripped up and entangled in the wild grapevines that twisted their coils of tendrils from tree to tree and spread a kind of network in his path. at length, he reached where the ribbing had opened through the cliffs to the amphitheater, but no traces of such opening remained. the rocks presented a high, impenetrable wall over which the torrent came tumbling in a sheet of feathery foam and fell into a broad, deep basin, black from the shadows of the surrounding forest.
well ordered life centered around their estates. the accent was upon writing, music and painting. endless flow of canvases spraying from the palace of the hudson painters. they violated classic forms of european composition and let their brushes respond almost emotionally to the rugged splendor of the land. in their own time, they became internationally recognized as the hudson river school.
only flower lined brick path called the long walk, mrs. johnson looked further back into the river's history. then court land manner, a fully restored estate dating back to the 16 hundreds, stands as a living example of life under the dutch patrons, the first of the privileged landholders to settle and farm the hudson valley. not only are the house and grounds authentically preserved, but the daily routine of life as well.
♪ ♪ >> portland manners sheep to shaw demonstration takes the visitors through each step of garment making, as practiced in the earliest days of community life on the hudson. the sharing, the carving, the spinning and weaving, we're all household tasks in the 16 and 17 hundreds. when clothing, as well as most other necessities, was handcrafted on the local estates. mrs. johnston was given the opportunity to literally take some of the fabric of history with her. a shawl hand woven, sheared from a local ram, was presented to her as a gift from the hand weavers guild of west chester county. the yield is formed by local women who share a fierce pride
in their history. and they are determined to not but the arts and crafts of their forebears fade away to be forgotten. ♪ ♪ >> one of mrs. johnston's most memorable stops was bask reveal. it's unique sound and light program portrays the changing life on the river and its effects on the house and its owners. it's most elegant era was captured by the first lady of the american theater, helen hayes. >> i think that day was the reach glory of bosqueville. the walls, once considered indecent, was the most popular of all.
>> but civil war brought tragedy to bosqueville, and has man -- happened to many river families, estates took a turn for the worst. they found two disrepair. -- they fell into disrepair. mrs. johnston was met at bosqueville by mr. and mrs. wallace, noted patrons of hudson restoration. they describe how the once magnificent home was sold to a house record for 35 dollars. aided by a grant from citizens who sought to preserve their heritage, bosqueville was saved from oblivion. today it stands as the best example of the robert adam influence on american architecture. it's mantles, doorways and decorative woodwork reflect the refinement and elegance of the federal period. and he, like many of the other
homes, along dotson, is available to the public. a moment out of the past, painstakingly preserved for the enjoyment of future generations. historic hudson had ended. but it had helped open new routes to making history more exciting, and more accessible to the tourist. the first lady had helped manyx
people rediscovered this great river of the mountains, and it's rich record preserved and architecture and prose, on cavernous. illustrating one of the most colorful, adventurous, and romantic chapters in american history. weeknights this month we're featuring american history tv programs as a preview of what is available every weekend on c-span 3. tonight, we look at the yell to conference. the decisions made their in february, 1945, had huge ramifications for a post world war ii europe. we begin with a u.s. war
department documentary and the final meeting of the big three. soviet premier, joseph stalin, british prime minister, winston churchill, and u.s. president, franklin roosevelt. the summit took place at a resort in ukraine. the documentary is followed by a symposium in new orleans, looking at the lead up to yalta, and it's lasting legacy. watch tonight beginning at 8 pm eastern, and enjoy american history tv every weekend on c-span 3. in march, 1960, two first lady, jackie kennedy made a weeklong goodwill tour of india and pakistan. next on real america, jacqueline candies asian journey. according to the closing sent -- this film documenting that trip was shown in 106 nations,