tv Norton Air Force Base CSPAN May 15, 2016 11:40pm-11:52pm EDT
>> you're watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, c-span3. like us on facebook at c-span history. >> fisher, c-span is touring cities across the country exploring american history. next, a look at our recent visit to san bernardino, california. you're watching american history weekend,eekend, every on c-span3.
>> the base started early on in the early 1940's. in the 1950's, it became norton air force base. named after an air force captain killed in france bombing mission. it became norton air force base. in the 1960's, just right at the vietnam era, starting with a base transition to the 63rd military airlift wing. 141 was introduced to the base. it became a major logistics supply hub. but their mission also encompassed worldwide. they were the fedex or ups of the early days on the military side. they couldn't deliver quite as quickly. but they could deliver it wherever there was a runway long enough to handle the airplane worldwide. it's interesting to have the
norton air force base museum at the former air force base. it's right in the center of where things happened. it used to be a noncommissioned officers club. this little portion of it has been designated as museum for the base. we knew that there were quite a few nortonites, if you will, still living in the greater in land empire. if you ask about their time here at norton, bringing it back to the museum, donating it to the museum, i told them that they have this stuff in the closet. they couldn't take it with them on the next assignment. so, what are you going to do with it? here it all is. over here in the corner as part of the 141.
you would use it are dropping of paratroopers. inside the airplane, it electrically moves outside into the slipstream. so that the paratroopers can jump away from airplane without striking it. again, this was donated by an individual, it's interesting how he got it or where he kept it for 20 years. but there it is. next we have footlockers. these were annotated in 1951. this is where you put your belongings, next to your bed. at the foot of your bed here, from the barracks. over here is a display of the items you would find in the cockpit of the airplane. this is known as the yoke, or steering wheel.
.his is the landing gear handle this is an oxygen regulator. inry seat in the cockpit had oxygen regulator next to them. this is known as an office land. it's a very bright flashlight used for signaling. back in the day, it was permissible to smoke in the airplane and these are the ashtrays that were found in the cockpit itself. lower are the rudder pedal cushions that were found on the rudder pedals. strip ton antiskid keep you from slipping if you spill the coffee. this is the bag the crew used to carry their flight manuals in. windshield, ifal you notice the size and thickness of it, it's about 2.5 inches thick and this is the
actual windshield out of a 141. worker probably did the decided to take it home and make a table out of it for their patio and it into that. the museum. this display is one of the first we have here at the base or at the museum. first woman in the group of women to become pilots in the air force. she was chosen to come here to norton and fly the 141. her career stepped up to where she became an aircraft commander and was able to take the plane and crew her charge throughout the world. she was the first woman here at norton to make that rank and that responsibility as being an aircraft commander. this highlights some of her career and milestones. when she became aircraft commander, that is quite a feather in her cap.
when she made that milestone, the air force was not quite ready for women in that role, so the certificate that was given his professional background. en and scratched "her."s" and put but nothing stopped her. she was well-versed and made huge step for the air force. this is one of our more interesting displays. it features the return of the pows from vietnam, from hanoi back to freedom. norton provided the airplane and the aircrew that brought our soldiers and sailors back home after the war. hanoi to them from
philippines, to court does clark air force base. from there after they went through physical and psychological evaluations, they were brought back to the united states and tried to go to base his closest to their home. the government decided to close a number of their military installations throughout the united states. norton was an one of those that was identified. this display is dedicated to the closure of norton and it shows the last flag that flew over the headquarters building during the closing ceremony. they had a commemorative wine bottle given to each of the
participants, and this is the memorabilia from that event that is highlighted here. of theere is the uniform last base commander and wing commander, colonel underwood. he is still in the local area and still a big supporter of the museum. , sane base closed bernardino in the inland empire lost a lot of jobs, about 10,000 military and 8000 civilian jobs left the greater area and went on to other appointments, or they retired here. the base was transitioned into the san bernardino international airport and has taken a while for it to come along and it is still a rose that is blossoming.
recentlyty tour staff traveled to san bernardino california to learn about its rich history. learn more about san bernardino and other stops on our tour at /citiestour.rg >> monday, while visiting a technology fair on capitol hill, we spoke with fred upton from michigan, chair of the energy in an committee and bill shuster, chair of the transportation and infrastructure committee. we interviewed innovators from ford motor company about new technology, and the upcoming spectrum auction. >> look or we are today in terms job creation.on, we're working on a major bill, theslation and we will see
-- more spectrum that will enable these devices to be built and used to communicate. where on the run. looking at what these autonomous vehicles are dealing with, what do you need for your technology to work even better? >> we launched almost a decade ago. our focus has been on making your device as useful as possible in a car in a way that lets you keep your hands on the wheel and your eyes on the road. for us it's always been about voice technology. >> ford understands there is .reat demand for more spectrum we are working with her colleagues to come up with the sharing solution, were working at our colleagues -- we are working with the federal communications commission. >> watch monday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span2.
>> 2016 marks the 50th anniversary of the national historic preservation act. next, university of massachusetts amherst professor max page talks about the future of historic preservation in america. we interviewed mr. page at this year's annual meeting of the organization of american historians in providence, rhode island. it's about nine minutes. when was the national historic preservation act passed? >> it was the culmination of years of destruction of national landmarks. it was designed to protect and celebrate the american buildings