tv Ban Ki-moon Resolved CSPAN July 25, 2021 3:59pm-5:10pm EDT
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readers. >> ban ki-moon, a foreign minister of ea south korea with more than 30 years working in international diplomacy, became the 8th secretary general of the united nations in january 2007. by that time he and his colleagues had helped his impoverished and war-torn country grow into one of the world's wealthiest. south korea appeared set to become a model for other developing countries. .. >> all against the backdrop of
the growing impact of climate change. with the power to bear following the world's crisis he also bothered a few of his only one became a focus of sharp criticism after and deadly cholera outbreak and they were sent there to restore order after a major earthquake to united nations in a divided world ban ki-moon the impact of the disaster what he calls the difficult cousin of north korea he also offers a candid assessment of what lies ahead. it is our pleasure to welcome you and the virtual podium is
yours. >> thank you for that kind introduction the members of the national press club it is a great honor for me to have this opportunity. let me say a couple words i appreciate your interest in my memoir and to inspire that possibility and those around the world to become global citizens republic of korea 37 years with the united nations
address climate change. but now we can then even in the 19 nineties also with those individuals we have more alliances of civil society and the academics and philanthropic organizations. and with the climate change it with a sustainable development and then to have a unique percent interest with those
one of the reasons i decided to write a memoir to anyone so thank you very much for your attention and look forward to your comments and questions. thank you. >> thank you for that. for you to have your inner thoughts and feelings of the biggest events of your tenure can you talk about what it was like to finally unleash your private parts and was it difficult to write? >> of all those pages and with
challenges at that time but then everything should be more than enough in terms of transportation and technology and science. why can we not do better than our predecessors? we have suffered a lot because of the marginalized that that is caused by an like the united states i get the last four years under president trump that was not expected in
a lot of those responsibilities at home and abroad. we are very busy and it's difficult to find time but then to go into lockdown would have more time. >> that i found that to write a book. >> so talk about staying busy not you have retired from the way and you were appointed ahead of the olympics ethics commission in 2017 the next olympics have controversy coding them on the calls to
boycott the games in china over the human rights records. can you give us your thoughts of the future of the olympic games in light of those controversies? >> it may have certain problems. and with those sports and policy should be separated when should not be misused or abused of course if there was some cases where they decided not to participate like moscow. and then there was some
sentiment. so i am encourage the japanese government and the ioc decided to carry on. during my time with the ioc to work very closely and have peace through sports. those which can instantly mobilize that energy. we are thinking how we can mobilize to be generated by sports that's my working very closely with the ioc
leadership in that every april 6 was generated by international human sports day so on that day to have a meaningful event so the corporation and energy would be used to bring peace and harmony. 's i'm happy to do this with your initiative. >> going back to look at your legacy can you make a different decision on?
have opportunities but i really tried much but not much but then i wanted to make the communications systems for science and technology from that communication at that time. now to be throughout the un system but that is one aspect in terms of some justice issues, we have established a piece court for the first time in a piece tribunal and then
we had some issues they would bring this matter to the state tribunal that then they can go up with a tribunal. >> with a variety of health crisis during the ten years as secretary general including that you believe crisis in west africa what are your thoughts on the wins actions with the coronavirus pandemic? would you have done anything different if you were still in charge? >> with covid-19 should have been taken with a different approach. first of all all of the un systems should have a fully
collaborated to work together and in africa and i be a in sierra leone the fertility rate was very high much higher than coronavirus 45 percent mortality rate. so that means one out of every two patients were died. so for the first time in the history of the united nations they established a mission to deal with the virus. the united nations mission and
with that emergency mission that was gonna then we try to help all of those countries and then as you know the united nations and over 1000 places in africa and for the first time in the history united nations deployed those forces united states and united kingdom and there should be no pre- movement and the lockdown at that time. so this is what we are able to do that. in the case of corona 19 that
was who but the united states reduce membership at the beginning but then congress for the united states that security policy in the case of ebola adopted the resolution saying that corona was a serious threat. so now what happened to ebola? it took three months for the security council to see that corona 19 was a serious threat but because of that condition with those powers and china so
such outbreaks may happen which is why we have to take action to chaos of the nature and then to be stating then meeting with pope francis with the second general to say there is no more corona 19 that god forgives everybody. that nature never forgives. this is very true. nature will never tolerate what humans have been abusing
privileges that are given to us so this is a lesson that we should care. >> you mentioned but the g7 is doing to donate vaccines to poor countries do believe that wealthy countries and the g7 need to do more? >> i think they should do more. ask everyone in the g7 countries and many other countries they were only for themselves. now to say that they are in a position to have some herd immunity but then they decided
to provide 1 billion and then the united states president joe biden announced there would be 500 million as a way to address accelerated climate of the $100 billion which was in 2009 in copenhagen and not the time this is the first year to organize $100 billion so i suspect the g7 countries should have declared more
rather than just the same. of all those leaders i signed a letter of appeal for the g7. and i am grateful for their response to the meeting. but it's not just that meeting with a countries but it is the leaders they should also do all that they can and should be a global population in forge lake government so there is a strong pattern among these three entities.
and then in a most sustainable way and wearing this is a sustainable economic development cause the united nations has this as a way to let people know the importance and this is our very important mandate. >> think of sustainable development goals how effective have they been so far and all they meet that ambitious deadline? >> .
targeted there was still more than 60 million people that are able to go to an elementary school with hiv-aids and many people who are dying from preventable diseases but then we have nine more years to go we really must mobilize all necessary resources moving with science and technology and this is the way we can reduce the number
of the people and those from abject poverty from preventable diseases those that would die unnecessarily. >> let's go back to talking about your memoir. you say in your book the 2010 cholera outbreak destroyed humans reputation in haiti and you are critical of the lawsuits victims have brought against the one over the outbreak is it fair to criticize the victims to pursue lawsuits is there something the un can do to repair the reputation in the eyes of the haitian people? >> never criticize the victims who really wanted to get the legal aid that on this point i was trying to say that the un was not liable legally and on
the diplomatic immunities this is really what i wanted to say and i think as a human being and as a secretary general i was the second person who strength and haiti i and former president clinton in his capacity as an envoy we sat down together inviting global leaders to mobilize necessary funding. nine.$9 billion was mobilized in just a single day. i think that is
record-breaking at the time that i went through 87 times meeting the families of the victims and to sympathize with them and sat for many hours as people were grieving and i really tried to improve our health systems that the system was broken down and the government was not moving one that would be seem to be lost so the un dead all that that relationship between the un in haiti of this academic was
second expert group. i wanted to be as compassionate as possible is much as i could do the general and i tried our best to organize but as i was leaving my job december 1st in 2016 i finally reported to the general assembly and made my apology the united nations had not been able to do as much as we should have done and i also proposed with funding with the
$400 million but unfortunately the member states support was not funded much. i hope they would have carried on that i'm not trying to avoid any responsibilities. i apologized so i there is no misunderstanding on this issue the un should have learned it lost the most number. 102 un staff including the head of the un mission and in the peacekeeping mission. so we lost a lot of think that
is the most number of sacrifices with the peacekeeping operations. host: if not a lawsuit then what can they grieving haitian people do after this. >> when it comes to a lawsuit and then the district court. and then the united nations was not the subject of a legal suit there was some movement and campaign to be pursued but
korea. but those were the first respondents to send the engineering team of the neighboring countries. but now i hope that leadership of the haitian government should do more. but now since i have not been dealing with this method the president isn't doing much then the united nations priorities sense because there
are so many issues. and with the haitian people. >> so you have devoted the chapter to your book so what are the thoughts on the gaza strip in may? and what actions do you believe the un should take? >> my two state solution is the best way to have equal rights i'm afraid to tell you to be increasingly remote i am
that diplomacy as a conveyor belt diplomacy. if there was a crisis happened late december 2008 and went to the mission at the time the president bush administration was about to leave so condoleezza rice was not on the scene and the administration was not taking action. but then to meet the leaders of the four countries but the
and others use of the government should sit down together that should not be open and that have accountability on the one-sided attacks and then we see the cycle in the continuation between the two parties. i expect the prime minister and mahmoud abbas. and if i may say another one so on the portion of the west bank and continuing legal
>> before i asked the final question that may take a moment to think the organizers of today's event. the club membership director and the club executive director with the documentary filmmakers. and to discuss the new pbs documentary please join us and then to speak of the air force's mission in the
and then even to the buildings and everything but it doesn't use that type of force but however you shouldn't let them use the power in negotiations. and with the basic and with the chinese philosopher and has influenced the need very heavily and i try to teach the lessons to other people and that is a mutual respect.
what any negotiator should know and with that i have been first of all have the respect and support from the other leaders. >> it is very late for you in korea we have a question from the student what is the best way for a person to become involved with humanity you have any advice in the medical nonmilitary field? >> and with that departmental organization and the united
i established my own foundation for global citizenship. so global citizenship. i am telling the young people. the young people have much more area to contribute. when i was a young boy, a high school boy, i was fortunate enough to meet president john f. kennedy in 1962. at that time, i had not met the mayor of my city. i met the president of the united states.
very inspirational, inspiring message. young people can do everything. he said -- but you young kids, you can do it. you are ready to extend. that is very inspiring. have some compassion. you must have a passion. you can become a global citizen and you can contribute to the well-being of human rights and
the betterment of this work. i really count on young generations future. >> thank you very much for coming today to talk about your memoir and some current events happening. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> thank you for this opportunity. >> a look now at some of the best-selling nonfiction audiobooks according to audible. matthew mcconaughey hayes memoir green lights followed by washington post reporters and philip brooker's look at the final gear patrol presidency and i alone can fix it. after that his radio host who argues in his latest book that marxist ideology has entered american institutions and threaten the constitution. next is james clears guides on breaking bad habits. wrapping up our look on some of
the best-selling nonfiction audiobooks according to audible is land slide. michael wolff's report on the final months of the trump administration. some of these authors have. on book tv and you can watch the program any time on booktv.org. christian baker, jack phillips recently discussed the supreme court case overheads refusal to make a same-sex wedding cake. >> going to court to defend these things. in our government, we have a constitution that our government is supposed to protect. protect our rights. this is what that was. i did not want to create that message of the wedding cake. it is also a message to freely express my faith. government is supposed to express that right.
there is nothing in our state constitution and u.s. constitution where we are able to go to a courtroom like this and fight. >> in the book you said your legal defense was a right of conscience, to sense. can you explain what that means? >> it is part of the speech. making me create a message and a cake. to me, the wedding cake is a constant symbol. tell and walk into a copter conference room, you are therefore a business meeting. you know without having to ask anyone it is a wedding. that wedding cake is a message. to create that wedding cake, the bible defines it as a marriage between a man and woman.
>> weekends bring you the best in american history and nonfiction books. book tv, get an in-depth look at the trump administration handling of the covid-19 pandemic with washington post journalist. nightmare scenario. and on afterwards, retired marine lieutenant colonel wayne phelps writes about how the military is increasing reliance on drones affects combat in the unit that operates impaired killing remotely. interviewed by cornell university professor and former air force officer. watch tv every weekend and find a full schedule in your program guide or watch any time on booktv.org. >> welcome. it is good to be here this morning with michael and michelle. for the rolling launch of michael's new book, the art of war in an age of peace. grand strategy and restraint