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tv   Michio Kaku The God Equation  CSPAN  July 4, 2021 7:00am-7:55am EDT

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for the uk release of a black book in may. submit cool awesome. thank you guys, i appreciate this was illuminating for me it's great to finally meet you both after reading your amazing books. >> thank you so much as a great conversation. >> you'll find the purchase links in the presentation description. if you consider the hardships we've been through over the past year, the choice to support independent businesses hasrarely been more necessary . thank you. we'd like to cextend a welcome to our featured sponsor, that david michael blair family vision for their generous supportand here we go .
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today it is our utmost pleasure to have with us well renowned theoretical physicist professor michio kaku, here to speak on his masterpiece the god equation, a theory of everything. today's physicists are on an epic adventure to combine isaac lost laws of gravity more otion with the recent discoveries of quantum mechanics and albert einstein's ovaries which as of yet have proven to be incompatible. succeeding in this endeavor would tie all the e forces of the universe together into one beautiful equation that will unlock the deepest mysteries ofspace and time and that fascinating journey is the story of this book . professor kaku is the
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cofounder ofstring theory and continues einstein's search for a theory of everything, one that unites the four fundamental forces of the universe under a single theory . is science correspondent for cbs this morning, most of the popular radio program i asked fantastic and host of many terrific educational tv shows on bbc and this discovery channel. welcome to today's program, doctor kaku. >> after such a great introduction i can't wait to hear the speaker myself. i'm a research physicist but i work with bbc television and the discovery channel and i get to interview some of the greatest minds of fscience and philosophy . anytime i interviewed these people i asked them the key question, the question of all questions. the question that has haunted philosophers and scientists for generations and that question is , is there intelligent life on the earth ? i was watching the
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kardashians on tv last night and no, no intelligent life on this planet. but actually there is one question of all questions that has haunted the greatest minds for the past 2000 years . is there a unifying principle, a paradigm, and all-consuming theory, a god equation that would explore the richness, the variety, the splendor of our universe and that's the story of my book. the 2000 year chase to find a theory of everything. and equation perhaps no more than one inch long that eluded albert einsteinfor the last 30 years of his life . let's talk about "the god equation" because it has consumed the finest minds in the human race, hundreds of physicists working with adam's matters and detectors
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in outer space to try to unravel the secret of the universe itself. in other words, "the god equation". the equation who knows, maybe no more than one inch long that will allow us to read the mind of god. i first heard about this theory when i was eight years old. when i was eight years old, something happened that changed my life completely. when i was eight years old everyone was talking about the fact that a great scientist had just died but on the evening news all they published was a picture of his death and on his desk was an unfinished book and the caption said the greatest scientist of our time could not finish this book. i was mesmerized. i said to myself wow, what could be so hard he couldn't finish it?
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couldn't he asked his mother? it's a homework problem. everything is a homework problem. why couldn't he finish it? i was consumed trying to find out who was this man and what was so hard he couldn't finish it. i found out that his name was albert einstein and what he couldn't finish was the theory of everything that would allow him in his own words to quote v, see the minds of god. i decided when i was around 17 to be part of this great revolution so i asked my mom could i get permission to m build an atom smasher in the garage? a 2.3 million volt tron particle accelerator and my mom stared at me and shesaid sure, why not ?le first you got to take out the garbage. i assembled 4000 pounds of transformer and 1000 my miles
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of copper wire andbuild a particle accelerator in my garage . my poor mom must have said to herself why couldn't i have a son who plays baseball? why can't he play basketball and for god's sake why can't he find a nice japanese girlfriend? why does he build these machines? i wasn't the only one mesmerized by the search for a theory of everything. or 2000 years the greatest minds in history like democritus shown here that atoms were the basis of reality. aristotle thought for elements made up the entire universe but it was pythagoras who had the most ingenious idea . he said it's music. only music is rich enough to explain all the richness and variety of the universe so one day pythagoras was going to 'tsee a liar string and the
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longer the string the lower the note. he went by a blacksmith shop and he saw a sword being hammered. the longer the sword the lower the note andhe said aha . mathematics can explain music . mathematics of resonance. each note. it gives you a vibration that can be measured in the laboratory. this was a breakthrough . he even found that the school to discover music and the loss of melodies, the laws of harmonies but unfortunately the roman anempire fell apart and for 1000 years there was darkness. superstition. magic and inquisitions. and then in the year 1666, there was a great play that hit london. one quarter of the population
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of london perished in this epidemic. one man was 23 years old. he was sent home because cambridge university was locked down and he noticed an apple fall at his estate. then he saw the moon. then he asked a question for the ages. if an apple falls, does the moon also fall? but he realized that yes, the moon, celestial comments fall in free space but the mathematics was too great for his time . what did he do? he discovered calculus is all the falling apple and falling moon problem. his name was isaac newton and he created the first theory of almost everything. and equation that the arrived the laws of motion and that
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put in the industrial revolution. mechanics, steamengines, buildings, tensions on bridges . all of it could be calculated using newton's laws of motion so whenever of course is unravel, changes human history. about that. the four forces that govern the universe, each time a horse was unraveled it changed human history but newton's laws initiated the industrialrevolution. amazing . then some years later faraday and maxwell worked out electricity and magnetism. and the theory showed that if you very a magnetic field you get an electric field. if you very and electric field you get a magnetic field and that gives us dynamos, generators, lightbulbs, the electric left revolution because once again , a unifying theme emerged. electricity and magnetism are
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two sides of the same coin. in the same way newton t unified heavenly physics, with earthlike physics, faraday and maxwell unified electricity with magnetism. and then maxwell made the observation for the ages. if an electric field can create a magnetic field ciand a magnetic field can create an electric field then they vibrate and they vibrate together to create amoving wave . they calculated the speed of the wave and he was shocked out of his mind. the speed of this wave was the speed of light. then he said this is light. that's what life is. the unification of electric and magnetic fields, each one turning into the other so the universe was simpler than we thought.
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radio, television, microwaves, gamma rays, all of that summarized by the words of michael faraday and james maxwell. unifying electricity and magnetism. then along comes einstein n who says e equals mc squared. m was a massive hydrogen in the sunday e is the energy of sunlight. in other words heequals mc squared unified matter and energy leaving us the stars , the secrets of the sun lies in the unification of matter with energy. so once again it is unification that is the fundamental theme of the universe. the question is unifying what ? what is being unified? before world war ii, a new philosophy began to emerge.
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first of all, all biology could be expressed in terms of chemistry . all of chemistry can be expressed in terms of physics . all of physics in turn can be expressed in terms of 2 theories : relativity, the theory of the very big and the theory of the small which is lasers and transistors. computers, the internet. this conversation is made possible the quantum theory but these two theories don't like each other. why should god have a right? there's got to be a unit of the left and theright hand . then we had world war ii and it showed the unification of a principle of force that was unraveled that changed human history.
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first we had the industrial revolution and then we had the electrical revolution and the nuclear revolution and after world war ii we began to smash atoms and what didwe find ? chaos. a zoo of solid atomic particles emerge. robert oppenheimer said in frustration quote, the nobel prize in physics should go to the physicist who does not discover a new particle this year. physics was in turmoil. why should the quantum theory of particles be so messy? things are supposed to be simpler. that was the lesson we thought we learned but no, nature had other plans for us . so we built bigger adams smashers, much bigger thanthe ones i don't in high school . the gigantic hay drawn collider's, smashing protons
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together and this is what they found. it is an ugly, it is a clumsy theory but hey, it works. it does explain electrons, protons, quarks and it's called the standard model. the standard model is quite ugly. the theory that only a mother can love. it has 36 quarks, three identical generations of redundantparticles , 20 three parameters that you canadjust any way you want . look at this thing. why should god be so and amentally chaotic random at the fundamental l level? there's got to be a higher theory. this is the low-energy theory but what is the high-energy theory? two weeks ago you probably saw it in the new york times. two weeks ago a crack was found in the standard model.
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the first crack by the way in 50 years but for 50 years this clumsy model as held sway because it works. and at higher energy it must fail. why should nature the so malicious to create the universe with a left-hand and right-hand that don't talk to just one hand, look at this. this is whypeople are saying there's got to be a principal . a paradigm. got to the a paradigm that somehow unifies all this zoo of subatomic particles and we think it could be music. the music of subatomic particles. you see, a violin string each note corresponds to a vibration but if i have a microscope and look into an electron i would not see a.. i would see a rubber band. and when you twang the rubber band, it changes frequency and you have to get
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a different name you call it a neutrino. you claim it again, it changes frequency andyou have to give it another name . wyou trying enough times, this rubber band gives you all the subatomic particles in nature. this is called string theory. in other swords, why do we have so manyparticles ? they're nothing but notes. notes on a vibrating string like a, a flat, be sure. physics is a harmony of these rings. what is chemistry? chemistry is the notes you can play when these strength into each other. what is the universe? the universe is a symphony of strings. what is the mind of god that einstein spent 30 years of his life chasing after? the mind of god would be cosmic music resonating through hyperspace?
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that we think would be the mind of god. in fact you can summarize all ofstring theory into one equation . that's my equation. my equation is about an inch and a half long. it's not the final equation because more recently we discovered there are membranes like each beach balls or volleyball, membranes that can also vibrate. we think ouruniverse is a membrane . so this is not the final equation. this is not yet the god d equation maybe somebody out there listening to this program, a young person energized by this talk. maybe you will find the true god equation and when you do, let me give you some advice. first, tell me first. and we will publish together and split the nobel prize money. the next question is how can you test a theory like this?
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there are five ways you can test this theory. you can look for new particles and forces, if it was like what happened just two weeks ago at derby lab outside chicago. crack was found in the standard model. maybe that crack can be filled by particle protected by string theory. the next unoctave up. maybe the next octave could explain this discovery made two weeks ago and dark matter which makes the most of the universe, it is predicted by string theory. thus gravity waves, i'll talk about that in a minute. creation itself may be photographed using gravity projectors. new experiments are being proposed by the chinese, the japanese and maybe deviation is that unit cause of gravity
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so let's take a few of these waves to test the theory. every high school textbook le usually says the universe is made of atoms. wrong. that's not true anymore. most of the universe is made of dark matter which is invisible and predicted by string theory. string theory says there are higher octaves and the next octave up would have invisible matter. this could be the origin of dark matter. how do we know it's there? how do we know your glasses are there? light bends when it goes through your glasses, that's why we know there's glass there and the same thing with dark matter. light bends and it goes through dark matter and that's how we know dark matter really is there and it could be nothing but ahigher vibration of the string . and the questions that children ask, maybe string
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theory can answer them. people ask if the universe is expanding what is it expanding into an acute children ask the question if you fall into a black hole where do you go? or is time travel possible, can you go backwards in time or arethere wormholes to other universes . what lies beyond the blackhole? are there other dimensions, other universes? one of these questions can be answered within the current framework. you need a higher theory. that's is where string theory comes in. let's try to test this theory . the european space agency and nassau are proposing to get baby pictures of the innes instance of creation. this is a space antenna, a gravity wave detector in outer space proposed by the europeans and americans.
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it would give us baby or pictures of that infant universe. 1 trillion of a second tafter its birth and when we analyze these baby pictures we will see infant universe emerging from the womb and maybe, just maybe we will find evidence of an umbilical cord. an umbilical cord connecting our infant universe to a parent universe in a parallel universe. and what's on the other side of the blackhole? if you fall into you just die ? what happens when you go through a blackhole? is there a white hole on the other end of the blackhole? in 1935 albert einstein and his student devised the einstein rosen bridge. it connects to universes together with a bridge.
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einsteinrosen bridge. connecting our universe to another universe . and perhaps another universe is in a different time in which case this would become a time machine. so think about it . physicists are meeting the world of science fiction. you've seen this before. where have you seen this before in a children's book?? years ago there was an oxford mathematician by the name of charles dodson. he knew about wormholes, mathematicians call them multiply connected spaces. they don't call them wormholes. the press calls them wormholes but charles dodson decided to write a book about them and he could use this name of course, easily distinguished professor of math so he wrote under a pseudonym, lewis carroll and he threw called it through the looking glass. the looking glass is the wormhole. a gateway between our universe and a parallel
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universe. then the next question i'm sure you're going to ask is if there is a gateway, a wormhole between us and a parallel universe, then is elvis presley still alive in a parallel universe? and the answer is probably yes. according to the quantum theory. so we're talking about the multi-verse of universes now. it was einstein who said our universe is a bubble of some sort. we live on the skin of the ball and the mobile is expanding. that's the big bang theory. string theory says there could be other universes out there. when the universes collide or fission, that's called the big bang. so the big bang could be a collision of the multi-verse. the multi-verse of universes. i find it aesthetically
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pleasing because you see, my parents were buddhists and in buddhism there is no beginning or end. it's just nirvana but i was raised as a presbyterian and in the presbyterian religion there is an instant when god said let there be light. there was a genesis so that means the universe had a beginning or it didn't. there's no two ways around it until now. now we can narrow these two ideas together what you see, our universe had a beginning. our universe at a genesis but there are other universes out there. and what are they floating in? nirvana. a higher dimension. nirvana is the true arena of all these universes. we think of space being three-dimensional h. x, y and z. three dimensions but why three? there's nothing special about three.
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you talk to a mathematician and they'll say that three is quite ordinary, a rather s boring dimension. other dimensions are much more interesting and maybe, just maybe, we can have people living in these other dimensions. this is edwin abbott, a novelist who wrote about flatland . the world on a tabletop, two-dimensional people on a tabletop. when i was a child i use to go to the japanese tea garden and i would see the fish, the park, swimming in two dimensions. they could swim forward, backwards, left, right up and down worker been. the universe was flat. the universe was two-dimensional. there is nothird dimension . any fish talking about the third dimension would be laughed atand considered a crackpot, a mystic , in any. there is no third dimension.
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today many of his belief though we cannot get through that we are the fish. we spend all our time three dimensions, not realizing that would be four, five, six, up to 11 dimensions. this is a hypercube, afour dimensional view . physicists have been fascinated by these higher dimensional objects . led by salvador dali. salvador dali in many many of his paintings are based onthe fourth dimension . this eris hypercube crucifixion he describes crucified in the fourth dimension. crucified on a tesseract shown here. a tesseract is a four dimensional cube and if you saw the movie interstellar starring matthew mcconaughey, at the end of the movie where does mcconnaughhay wind up? hyperspace.
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it's based on string itheory. string theory next other dimensions and that's where matthew mcconnaughhay is floating in the final scenes of the movie and of course salvador dali immortalized the image of melting clocks area why melting clocks? he was trying to visualize time. time as the fourth dimension. and of course, time could be a fourth dimension but believe it or not, einstein's equations to allow for time travel. einstein himself realized that. of course he thought that time was like an arrow. once you fired the arrow, the arrow never deviated. forward, backward are two distinct realms of time. einstein comes along and says not so fast. time is a river. a river that can speed up and slow down as it meanders around the universe.
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time is a river and a new wrinkle in all this is that the river of time can have whirlpools. the river of time can for. four into two rivers. giving us the possibility of time travel. now, stephen hawking, the great physicist looked at this question and he concluded that wormholes through space are allowed under einstein's equation. he had doubts about going through time, but space, yes. he believed wormholes could in fact go through the fabric of space. so the question is, is time travel possible? there's a wrinkle in all this . the equations say perhaps. but to do it, you do not need a delorean, that's simply not possible.you need a black
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hole. theenergy of a black hole . that's what it takes to read the fabric of space and time. to turn time into a pretzel it takes energy eon comprehension. so sorry about that. now, there's another problem with einstein's theory. einstein's theory says that the universe must eventually die. this is the second law of thermodynamics. in a closed system things rot, decay and die. that's why we got. we die because errors build up. the second law says errors, entropy builds up in our cells and our cells begin to become sluggish and eventually they die. that's why we die. but if you take a look at evolution, evolution seems to
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go the opposite direction. higher forms emerging. what's wrong with the second law of thermodynamics?why do we exist at all? i said that in a closed system entropy increases and chaos increases and eventually you die. what happens is you have an open system like sunlight coming from the stars. that's what drives evolution on your. so if the laws of physics are a death warrant, saying the universe itself must eventually die, then the question is is it possible in an open system to river of the universe? the answer is possibly yes. trillions of years from now when we are very advanced and have blown ourselves apart , the universe will approach absolute zero. it will get very cold.
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intelligent life will be impossible. all life as we know itwill eventually die . there's one and only one way ri to evade the second law of thermodynamics . and that is to go to an open system. in other words, a worm. a wormhole to another universe and if he were to go through a wormhole, this other universe could the younger and warmer than our universe which is on the verge of death about that. we will be able to escape on a dime original lifeboat to another universe and then mess up that universe as well . we will have 2 universes to mess up. but the point is that perhaps there is anapplication to this theory . application to this theory is
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it will allow us to survive even if the universe itself dies . well, now what i'd like to end on is my favorite einstein story and then if we have time i'll take a few questions. my favorite einstein story is this. when einstein was an old man he was tired of giving the same thought over and over again. so one day his chauffeur came up to him and the chauffeur said professor, i'm really a part-time actor. i heard your speech so many times, i've memorized it. why don't we switch places? i will put on a mustache. i'll put on a way. i will be the great einstein and you can take a rest and be my chauffeur. einstein loved the joke so they switched places. this went along famously nuntil one day a mathematician in the back asked a very difficult question and einstein thought the game is
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up. but then the chauffeur said that question is so elementary that even my chauffeur overhere could answer it for you . thank you very much. >> what a true honor this was. it was a fascinating presentation. we do have several questions and we appreciate your time on this. first one i've got. for those viewers will have not yet read the "the god equation". this book does a terrific job introducing the reader to giants in the field of astronomy and physics help once achievement paved the way for the next a. i found it fascinating on more than one occasion the same year one scientist dies the next to take up his reins was born. it's almost as if the universe wants and is willing this journey of knowledge to persist. is it difficult to so eloquently summarize and tell
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the tales of these physicists? >> it is rather an astonishing coincidence. i was shocked when i saw this that the year that galileo died, galileo was put under house arrest and he died under disgrace. he was going blind. the year he died a young baby was born in another part of europe and that young baby completed hegalileo's conjectures in mathematics. maybe was isaac newton who was born the same year that galileo died. the torch was carried on by maxwell. maxwell worked out the theory of light, that electromagnetism is the source. that's what is light. and it turns out he died young, but the year that maxwell died, a baby was born
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to carry on his work and that baby was albert einstein. so it's a cosmic coincidence that the torch was carried on by somebody who was born the very year the predecessor died. now of course we're talking about the wholeshooting match . that is, the god equation. equation perhaps no more than one inch long that will allow us to summarize everything about the universe. on one sheet of paper, you could write the theory of almost everything. you could put down einstein's equation which is about an inch long and then the standard model is quite ugly, clumsy. it's a horrible theory but it works. it's about a foot long. maybe more like a yard long if you were to write it out but on one sheet of paper, on one sheet of paper you could put the theory of almost everything. now we want that one inch
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equation which will merge these two hostile theories. rewrite relativity is based on smooth surfaces, trampoline nets. smooth surfaces while the quantum theory chops up everything . chops everything into tiny potter particles. how can theory of particles the equivalent to a theory of smooth surfaces? einstein had an analogy. he wrote about marbles that gravity in space is based on smooth marble surfaces but the quantum theory is would. it snarled. it has no rhyme or reason. it would, said einstein. we think both of these can be combined in terms of the language of music . the music of gravity, the music of subatomic particles. all of it is the lowest octave of the strength and if einstein had never been born,
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we would have discovered all of einstein's theories anyway as the lowest vibration of a vibrating string. i find that truly really remarkable and you can fold the standard model into it to . everything we know can be summarized as the lowest octave of a vibrating string . that is incredible. >> next question comes from a fan. this is from philip east st referring to the double slit experiment to determine if length is a wave or a particle. philip says i understand it, light is away until it is observed. this implies that consciousness is what turns energy into matter and if so it seems that god is some universal cons consciousness that turns energy into the universe which also fits with what the mystics described as the sense of oneness or cosmic consciousness.
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so i submit this question, and science uncover the existence of god with the double slitexperiment . >> there are two major ways of understanding the double slit experiment. and by rights and electron should go through one hole at a time. but if i have a sheet of paper and i share electrons through tools, then what happens on the other side? what happens is you get an interference pattern. as if two ways interfere with each other. that is your mind. that means theelectron went through both holes simultaneously . how can that be. how can one electron go through two holes at the same time. that's is just the way it is, get used to it. there's two philosophies you can take. neither of them with common sense, both of them will blow your mind away. the first interpretation comes from eugene bittner who
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helped build the atomic bomb and was a founder of the quantum theory and he said that someone has to look atit . as you correctlypointed out . suddenly one who is conscious has to look at the electron to say that the electron went to the left. but who looks at the observer. somebody has to observe the observer so that the observer can exist because the observer is also made out of adams but how do we know the observer of the observer can exist. somebody had to look at him to. so you have an infinite sequence of observers that make it possible to make a measurement. in other words, this is called the nurse friend. bigger have to have a friend in order to make ameasurement . but how many friends are there? an infinite number leading up to god . vigor even wrote about individualism.
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one of the founders wrote about indian mysticism when he talked about observers taking observers taking observers all the way up to god. there's another way to look at this. which is even crazier than that. that is parallel universes. the universe is split. in one universe the electron went to the left in another universe the electron went to the right and the two universes splitapart . we are constantly splitting apart universes after universe. and there's even a tv series based on this. the man in the high castle is on tv. the man in the high castle is based on the idea that roosevelt was a was assassinated in one universe so we lost world war ii. the germans one of the united states because they won world war ii because assassin's bullet roosevelt. but you see, a bullet is a quantum event.
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a bullet, the flaring of gunpowder depends on adams. adams could cause a misfire, and sometimes guns go higher so in one universe roosevelt died and in the nazis one. in the other universe, the bullet misfired. roosevelt went on to lead us in world war ii and the nazis were defeated. in other words, two universes split by one bullet which in turn is quantum event based on the laws of chemistry. the laws of chemistry and adams. so there's no going around this.physicists go crazy thinkingabout this . which you find in the great physicist delorean said we don't understand it. we have two ways of looking at the quantum theory. either there's a cosmic observer, i.e. god were
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there's an infinite number of parallel universes. take your pick. in other words, get used to it. the theory works. but the philosophy behind the theory will blow your mind away . two alternate points of view, your head explodes thinking about it. can you explain why it's so difficult to conceive of the dimensions beyond before that we are accustomed to or rather should i say the three dimensions that we know +. is there a way that can somewhat sort of simply be described to a layman like myself? >> the simple answer is number we live in a three-dimensional world. we can move in length with and height and we can conceive of animals charging at us in three dimensions. that's why we understand three-dimensional tigers lions club evolution did not
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give us the ability to visualize the five dimensional tiger because we don't harm it. there is no necessity to visualize five dimensional tiger but your computers computer and hyperspace. no problem at all. it's nothing but a mathematical trick so how do visual physicists visualize the things? we take cross-sections. we cannot visualize a five dimensional being or object. what do we do? we slice it up. slices we understand even though the four dimensional, five dimensional, six dimensional object is not visualizedouble . we use mathematics and tricks . tricks being cross-sections in order to understand these objects. can we visualize higher dimensional objects? no, sorry about that but in
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the movie interstellar alley would try and they had matthew mcconaughey floating in a five itdimensional q at the end of the movie. >> isn't that like tesseract is sort of a shadow of a shapein another dimension ? >> yes, let's say i take you and i unravel the box so i get across g. a cross consisting of squares, six squares arranged like a cross and that is the unraveling of the q. if i unravel the hypercube i get a tesseract and you saw the picture, it was salvador dali who popularized the tesseract and in the movie a wrinkle in time, the gateway through hyperspace was the tesseract which in turn is nothing but an unrivaled four dimensional hypercube. >> some people subscribe to
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this thing every and brings another question for the further we go the less we know. if you consider this why would strings be the smallest , the ultimate instance that make up everything. could there not be even molar things and tthis thinking goes on and on indefinitely? >> there are two ways of looking at it. one way is there is a final theory given the fact that on one sheet of paper, you can write down the complete theory of almost everything. the standard model with einstein's theory. one method, i mean one school of thought says it doesn't end, that there's a final theory but you cannot deny the possibility that it goes on forever. this is called the onion theory and we physicists do not like to postulate a new layer of ththe onion unless we have to. so it is isn't onion possible? we weave in which the
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universe? the answer is yes but so far we've seen no necessity to go beyond 's call the plot energy, that is the energy of the big bang. if the energy of the spring. it is 10 to the billion electron holds and that is 1 trillion times more powerful and the large page drawn collider which is our most powerful machine so string theory lives at the energy of the plot energy so there's no necessity to go further. they couldn't go farther? possibility but i bet it stops. i did it stops at the string. >> i can't even imagine calculation. it just seems incredible. i've got one more questionand a favor i'm going to ask . the last question is quantum entanglement. can you explain it to our viewers and tell usyour thoughts on ? b
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>> if you are a fan of star trek you know captain kirk communicated across the galaxy instantly using what is called subspace communication . what the hell is that? we think it could be once a entanglement. if i have to electrons and two electrons are vibrating in unison and i separate them , then an umbilical cord, and on invisible umbilical cord emerges connecting these two such that if one spins up the other one is going to be pinning down. there's the sum of the two must be zero. if you separate these two electrons by galaxy, they can indicate with each other faster than the speed of light. instantly. einstein hatedthat idea . einstein said it goes faster than light but we've done the experiment. einstein was wrong. we need to electrons aware of each other's presence faster than the speed of light.
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that's called quantum entanglement but was einstein wrong? no. it turns out the information goes faster than the speed of light is not usable. it's not like morse code. you can send a message in morse code. but the message you send in quantum entanglement is random information so tabout that. we cannot yet communicate faster than the speed of light. we think the only way to do that is through awormhole . that is consistent with einstein's theory but quantum entanglement is not the way to connecticut faster and the speed of light. sorry about that. >> last thing here, i've watched you talk several times and i think you're one of the best speakers i've ever seen. i really enjoy it and i know everybody watching is going to enjoy this . i once heard you say a preface, i work with young children a lot and i'm sure many of them arewatching this presentation .
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i want you to describe your thoughts on what the meaning of life is and why we are here. did you let arguers know what you think the meaning of life is? >> let's talk about the meaning of life or humanity in general and then the meaning of lifepersonally . i think the meaning of life or humanity sis well, it's a chess game that after 2000 years trying to figure out how the ponds move or the bishops move and how the knights move but our destiny, our meeting is to become grandmasters of the game of chess. in other words, to find the god equation and to make use of that equation to be able to use it. not just ngmarvel at its beauty and its elegance area so i think that's the destiny of humanity. to find the theory of everything. that is our destiny. now, what about our destiny as individuals.
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some people think that we just sit back and some guru from a mountaintop comes down and assist your it is. this is your meaning of life. i think that's too easy. the meaning of life for me is ndto struggle. the struggle to find your own destiny. because it's too easy. it defeats the whole purpose. what's the purpose of having the meaning of life if someone tells you what it is .? the purpose of life is a struggle. to find your destiny. each of us i think as the destiny. and our meeting is to struggle to find it. because otherwise it's given to you on a platter and that defeats the wholepurpose . the whole purpose of looking for the meaning of life is to find that struggle. that struggle that we is revealed to us our personal destiny.
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in other words, we create our own destiny. our destiny is created by us because we struggle to find it. it's too easy to have somebody give us the meaning of life because that defeats the whole purpose of the meaningof life . at least, that's how i see it . >> that's wonderful. doctor kaku, i can only imagine the amount of preparation that goes into touring a newlyreleased book . your knowledge is valued by us and i thank you for being with us today . >> it's been my pleasure and a great honor to speak at the gaithersburg book festival. a great honor and a great pleasure .
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>> the heritage foundation in washington dc recently hosted a virtual event author and historian george . he shared his thoughts on the state of conservatism in america . as a portion of that conversation. >> in early 2021 many american conservators are in a state of acute anxiety, convinced they are undersiege as never before and that they are losing . across the nation, the
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commanding heights of the federal bureaucracy, the news media, the entertainment industry, the high tech operations and educational system re-school to graduate are dominated by people who seem increasingly hostile to conservative beliefs . in the social media and elsewhere, identity politics and the ideology of globalism appeared to reign supreme. and a censorious left-wing cancel culture operates the virtual impunity. adding to the sense of conservative vulnerability is a recent trend that appears to be accelerating. it concerns what scholars call america's civil religion. for many years nearly all american conservatives have believed that the american experience has been on the whole a success story.and that at the heart of this experience has been a commitment to individual liberty. limited government. and the political philosophy
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embodied in the constitution and the declaration of independence. today, for many americans, this story no longer appeals. instead, large numbers of young americans are being taught that the essence of the american experience is not freedom but slavery. and that even now america is mired in systemic racism. which raises a troubling question. will the rising generation of young people who are taught to despise their political heritage be reachable by conservatives who defended? is the american belief in american exceptionalism still persuasive? >> watch the rest of this program by visiting tv. use the search box near the top of the page to look for
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george ¦ >> i'm katie from greenlight and were thrilled was tonight's event with stephen johnson presenting his new book a short history of living longer. will be talking with randall and rose. before we start i want to say a huge thanks to stephen, randall and the team at riverhead books to all of you for showing up so we're not able to host events at our store spaces,our community of readers here . for the chance to make space for conversation and connection . before we get started we have a few things to go 'sover. you can see features but they can't hear you. you can see fellow attendees at the top of your screen. that will depend on what type they're using red there are a couple of different ways you can interact with the authors . the first is to chat which you can find that looik

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