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tv   Book TV  CSPAN  April 19, 2021 7:05am-8:01am EDT

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selling books according to books is minor feelings, kathy thoughts on roadways and identity as asian american in america. some of these authors appeared on booktv.org. ♪ ♪ booktv on c-span2 every weekend with the latest nonfix books and authors. for booktv comes from these television company who is support c-span2 as a public service. >> welcome to the free library of philadelphia online my name is jason freeman producer editor here in the free libraries author office and i'm pleased to be here to introduce tonight's guest deborah. deborah ph.d. is the author of posing beauty. african-american images from the
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1890s to the present. reflections in black through a black photographers 1840 to the present, and michelle obama first lady -- among other books. university professor and chair of the department of photography images school of the arts at new york university she's a recipient of macarthur and goingen line fellowship and her work all over america, curated numerous photography exhibition served as museum consultant appeared in and consulted on several media projectses. she's here tonight with her latest book, the black civil war soldier visual history of conflict and citizenship. in it, doctor wallace offers far ranging but intimate photographic essay about black experiences in the u.s. civil war from the conflicts outset all the way to turn of the industry, henry lewis gates jr. proclaims that, quote, in
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breathtaking volume the scholar deborah wallace reveals fullness of their inhumanity through a photographic record interprets but paper trail they left behind the at once intimate and panoramic the black civil war soldier is both a major contribution to civil war studies, and an album of our ancestors journey at the critical hour of american history that belongs to all of us as the defendants of their sacrifice. high praise indeed let's get right to it thank you so much for being here, and please attack it away. >> thank you, thank you jason. >> hello everyone really excited to see everyone here. it is 76 maine here this is a moment in terms of experience of the free of philadelphia i spent many hours as a young girl and a student in this city of philadelphia as studying also
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exploring the library so it is an honor to be here. this focuses on my instant project, and has been by jason black civil war soldier a story about examine of the public memory of the civil war through photographs and letters and diary. i'm fascinated with the story when i was thinking about this experience the civil war soldiers, and as we consider it, so i wanted to say that this book is a history that is both difficult and desired when you consider public monuments on slavery and civil war that are missing and at this time the debates are going on. we also know that number of people attend civil war reenactments and many people attend june peace celebrations. so there's something about looking at images for me that --
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that is revealing also forces me to question narratives about blab lives and black people. and so i want to walk through this experience and show you some of the images that transform my experience like i want to create this book and i'm going to introduce this slide, slide show so here -- the title of this book is retelling stories in photography about black civil war soldier. it's a -- talk that focuses on a number of experiences and i want to start off with the cover of the book as well as the images, the important aspect of posing and as we think about posing in the photographer studio, the soldiers you will see many of
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them are using the back drop that expresses citizenship. so to me and reading these images in the 21st century, i see these soldiers in the 19th century they believe that they are trees free fighting for their freedom and they were citizen website and recognizing that we see the american flag and we also see the experience of the artist the photographer who created the -- images because they're also painting the back drop so we see light heart of this story. this is an image that's in the national african-american museum culture, and we see the importance of this image. we see that it is a case image and pin type close up you'll see the u.s. button usc sense of bravery where the soldier has the gun to his chest where he's
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sworn just like for freedom. most recently, i have had a conversation with a curator in richmond discovered that image i use for cover of the book was identified by a group of artists based on this projection project by alice and justin klein, and it's a projection of sergeant nimrod burke on robert d. monument at the circle in virginia february 5th, 2021 in term of reclaiming monument so here we have the importance of this image in the contemporary moment. and these are two artist who are projecting images from black lives matter experience, to also through the history of civil war.
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and this is the image, that i found with the help of a curator of fine art we see sergeant nimrod burks born in 1986 died in 1914 described as the veteran of the american civil war. his great, great, great grandsons able to identify the image where he was born with the image here of him without the casing. also that the research found that his gravestone, his tombstone is also in ohio. and it says this is a story of my great, great grandfather, nimrod burke so the story it becomes why this image is really important i was able to identify it. you know, after the book was published but the experience that this experience is still
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alive, and this experience is important that we know four years of the civil war about people who are still having a conversation about this experience. this is a portrait, and frederick douglas one the most important people from that experience because he's written and talked about the experience of the war. he also encouraged black soldiers to join once they were able to. he spoke to abraham lincoln about it and when it says it was civil war that inspired douglas to write and speck on photography leak many americans he believes that photograph and pictures greatly contributed to succession and war and once gets on the brass letter us let hill get eagle on button and in his
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pocket and there's no power on earth or underearth that can deny he's earned right of citizenship in the united states. so again, this is taken during the war years of the 1860s so we see this formidable look this focus that he has and we can see his face. he also wrote the text for this regime -- african of african decent, join in the war. so this is the type of image that why soldiers join the 54th this is a photograph of a man who join the 54. and then as we think about contemporary artist who are looking for a way to tell the story about this experience is carey, and the carey as i
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consider this image here he says i look and look to see what terrifies you and this is in 2006 he's looking at the history of black images and the experience of how black people have been perceived. and he's wearing an antibellem dress and made like a quilt and he wants to acknowledge and confirm and affirm her beauty. and her humanity -- he created images of looking at women who were in play and went to the sea island to make images about the experience of people on plantations and columbia, south carolina. this is drane and by a south carolina photographer he was hired by louie agafi to prove black people were subhuman, and this is an experience that she
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wanted to interrogate throughed image of black people stereotype in many ways. they were images also this is the plantation image of a -- of a man who owns this property. we see women and white women and black women and men and black men and women and children in this strain so we see about 17 people on this plantation. we see the activity, we also see two black figures in the fore, middle ground one holding hat, and of the older girl and younger girl has a grown so there's a performing the labor of the experience. of the performing for the photographer, the black man is the driver. and thinking about this image and this was recently shared with me you also see a pole, a tree stump and curious about
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that tree stump is -- a reference to the brutality of slavery in terms of the whipping. looking at the land these are plantation experiences of slave quarters on a plantation. they're also images that, you know, discovered that i found an important way of telling this story. i was interested in finding way to create a moment about the soldiers their sense of commitment to the war, their expression about posing and then collectors and i met a number of collectors who had photographs and they shared photographs with me and this is a portrait of richard in a private collection. and he wrote a letter to his former captain and he says i had honor here with my kind regards for your future welfare trusting that in days to come, they pose
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business maybe the means to bring you a present recollection of the days past. he was born into slavery in virginia, but the important part for me is to see this letter had says i trust that you may receive your award in heaven and your humble servant because he respected his captain and they had a really god good relationship that he where a letter thanking him over time. there's another point in terms of the research i had unusual experience with research and one was going to the national archive. i was looking for ways to tell the story of suzanne i wanted to include women. i thought the books that i found in my research women were missing from the experience, and i met historian lockwood who say
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he also is doing research on that period. and i had an opportunity to go to the tension record and i found letter by suge san brewster who had a photograph in -- in the collection and she wrote to those trying to when her husband passed as she was trying to obtain his pension he described he was a black smith tailor this was my only photograph i have of him please return it. which you can see it was never returned. and he -- his story is he tried to prove marriage, where they were married. the date in 1867, he described the experience they had a daughter. that he was injured, his eye was lost his sight in one eye. he tried a number of times and
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was unable to receive his pension, and never received it and never received the photograph. >> a woman photograph a woman this is a young woman who also in richmond, virginia you see american flags. to her chest and u.s. brass button so i assume that a soldier gave her the u.s. brass button in honor or respect for her work. but again, frederick douglas is writing about image and photography now see a likeness of herself because of the photography. these are images that as i mention earlier that soldiers visited the studios, they also took their families, their children, and their wive it is to the studio. many of them did not return because of illness or death. but they had the opportunity to keep their family close to their
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heart because they -- because photographer studio this was a couple this is not the letter that the wife wrote to her husband. but i'm using this as an example again the photographers handicraft in terms of the photograph in gold, and the letter writer martha writes my dear husband received a letter from him and pleased to receive a letter from him. he talk about abuse she's received on plantation after he left. she tells her tellize that i can his mother would leak to see hmm but please bring clothes for him. exchange between mother and mother within experience of the war. and that there's a lot of grief and death and they were looking
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for him to furlough soon. farewell my dear husband from your wife martha. these are the stories that humanize the experience to me where -- women are receiving letters and writing letters, this is a mark where men leave. this is a run away slave ad that is created by man fold because of a woman he had photographed her name was dolly and again another experience is how photography is telling story about this experience. so ran away from the yard corner from the desk and brought in augusta georgia on evening tuesday, woman dolly who likeness is seen here. she's 30 years of age light complexion hesitate when spoken to and not a very healthy woman but rather good looking with a fine set of teeth. never changed her owner and has
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been house servant always and thought that she was enticed by a white man seeing herself a stranger -- charleston family posted in augusta -- 50 dollar reward a lot of money, the experience of looking at the image we can again imagine the story that feeling of the trade. that she left it could have been a union soldier. it could have been as barbra suggested that it was her mother. so here are letters and how the letters are circulating and the experience of the research. suzie taylor 19 02 write a diay of her experience as a nurse, teacher, and -- basically a cook. so she says that i taught a great many of the comrades in
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company due to read an write when they were off-duty nearly all anxious to learn. this is an important point another crucial point about that experience of soldier many of them wanted to write their name when is they received pay, their pay opposed to an x this could write their name and what their husband taught when he were teebl as well. this is the negro regime and this is one of the first black regimes and you can see the men standing erect. you see them experience as one of the most important letters or accounts that i found was within the black newspaper. and this is not soldier way but this is the l strags of a soldier where a woman when richmond union army is over richmond there are a
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number of black people in the town waiting and cheering the soldiers as they entered into this state. and into the city -- there are a number of soldiers through news that garland new garland white and there's an older woman who is looking for a soldier by name of garland white and she meets him she say what is is your name, sir, my name is garland white what is your mother's signal nancy where was he born in hannover county in the state. where were you sold from? from the city. what is the name of the man who bought you? robert tune. where did he live? the state of georgia. where did you leave him? at washington. where did you go to? >> kngdz. where do you live now? >> ohio this is your mother garland who you are now talking to and has spent 20 years of grief about her son again why this book is so personal to me
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is question again to see mothers who sons were sold into slavery in where he lived on the plantation. but the fact that she follows, she was concerned he knew how to identify him. she knew to -- she knew he had lived it -- moved to another state in georgia that he also moved canada and he lived in ohio he knew all about him in terms of we think about the internet and tweeting and circulation of information. this is how black people were able to use information through the underground railroad. this is a photographer studio. a camp site on the camp soot in a tent. portraits of soldiers from port hudson and again, again men of color, man of color to arms we
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see through your service -- heroism, and then the question free men less raise and slave and there's a question of masculinity asking here. last opportunity has come men of color, brothers and fathers. we appeal to you. you know, strife now and then they are trying to get black soldiers to join and they join. sol of the people in south carolina and in louisiana, this image is of soldiers, alexander garden is photograph of abraham lincoln another image of a soldier of a service who is in soldier uniform from hot pennsylvania which is now hots town and we get to understand the importance of how he felt about his role in the war. he was the first black man that
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was injured in the war when troops from pennsylvania headed down to washington then through virginia to richmond to fight. that when they entered baltimore rocks were thrown and he was injured. he posed upon his return and we can see the handkerchief that he kept to wipe blood off his head in the pocket of this. and we begin to see sense of performance of the soldier post war, and we experience that he is carrying his biography through this photograph. they were sailors, soldiers, journalists, such as william henry johnson who covered the war he wanted to join. in 1861, black soldiers could not join. he decided to travel with regime
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from connecticut to write and publish the experience. 50,000 brave union loving men get beaten, you know, what could happen with that experience? and that's when, and then also heritage alexander heritage movement from philadelphia -- he joined. he also returned and becomes a member of mother bethel baptist church we see him he said i was born on another regime of slavery a free child, a mother and be a free woman my father was enslaved so in my family tiff learn what had slavery was and felt it curse in any bonings i long for an opportunity to end power to play the part of a moses on behalf of my people. i suppose this was the wild dream of every child born during slavery to fight for their freedom and he wrote a book as
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well. he in 1861 -- a number of soldiers who left for the war left families and they were in -- an orphanage they had left their children, and some grew up in or orphanage such as henry gooding we know stories about the experience because they were wiped from orphanage here we again to see the children who had to leave and move to brooklyn through all of this. the contraband serve as 13 massachusetts infantry this was a group who left the plantation, meaning they were freed but they were not citizens so they were called contra banding and we seeing pregnant young woman who was arm looped around older woman and young boys --
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we see a woman who is dressed as a flors. we see this sense of family and a collective moment not in terms of the moment but in tomorrows of the experience family. but the woman older woman has a hat she's holding that hat so we can see her face we can imagine that desire to take her hat off but these are people who are looking into the camera they believe they have a future. and they posed for the photographer. we began to see the health hospital hospital workers including nurses, and -- some of the young people who work there in terms of limits. we know that a number of people died as a result of the war, and because of the diseases that 30,000 died of infection and
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diseases, because sanitary conditions. this is an image that's circulated around world and we know this circulated in scotland an a man who was visiting boston says that he bought a prolincoln political photograph that he is sharing that m imagine so this is gordon who was won of known as also a contra banding also decided to leave plantation he lived in mississippi, cross line went into baton rouge. he was photographed by the surgeon you can see the number of scars on has back to that experience after inspected. he saw that image in harper weekly a photograph when he entered the war -- and then you see the far back photograph illustrate of a soldier in uniform. unfortunately have not seen
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soldiers uniform -- in a uniform but there's image of him in the book of him when he entered the camp. images of civil war in terms of the confederate soldiers, and formerly enslaved men who young men who work with him. who the young and fed soldier who was injured and they stayed together during and after the war. images that i can imagine families and a woman who is in mourning, and we see the mourning dress, mourning -- standing next to soldier who would be her husband, the experience is sarah hunter while women assert claims and soldiers wife they were not readily granted that. and so we began to see how women
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became a part of the war because they were writing letters, also maintaining the family. groups of soldiers, images and different moments by and harry jacob and her daughter they taught by the school and alexandria, virginia. and another school on a in south carolina during that war -- harriet tubman photograph recently discovered in the smithsonian says you want a taste of freedom keep going and that in terms of her way of getting people to move north and this is a young photograph of her in this, a beautiful full framing of experience of her as she imagines her life in the studio. robert shaw who was killed one
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of the most important battles of the war. was a '54 he wrote letters. he wrote diary entries he was newly married to a young wife -- and he and i just seen some of the praises he wrote about his experience. these are some of the black soldiers that are part in the album that says collection smithsonian, and the range of images. photograph of charles douglas when he entered the war and a photograph of his other son lewis douglas when he entered the war. so we begin to see the importance of the photography and importance of bravery as they pose. you can read the sense of masculinity, the purpose posed and poses -- but also that love and this is a first time we can see the mother love with garland, mother
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writing, explaining following his story, but then we see the love through the relationship of lewis douglas fiancé ameleah and working to him. he writes to her -- i've been in two fights and i'm unhurt about to go to another tonight and i believe if i survive i will write you a long letter as far from your city george washington is missing jacob carter is missing, wounded -- and they're all in the hospital. here he says my dear girl i'm away do not threat yourself to death she's like carrying and concerned about her welfare, his concern about the war he's also informing her about the experiences of different people. so when we think while i want to include these letterses because when i was in school, we were
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told that black people couldn't read or write. that they had had no desire to read or write and had a desire to think about family. so find storieses that are inside archive and collection central to reclaiming the experience of black people here's ameleah logan that she writes to her fiancé to show -- philadelphia who also left philadelphia to speak at one of the freedom schools in south carolina and tennessee island and she meets general shaw she writes he says colonel shaw came to take you with us. afterwards we went to the -- area she said i'm perfectly charmed with colonel shaw and seems to be every way one of the most delightful persons i've ever met.
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and she describes the experience as a scout. he says i've seen hem once but i cannot help feeling very really afaction gnat admiration for him and he had a present talk on the moonlet we went to the praise house to see. he was delighted and loved the experience and listening begun and he asked her to make a copy of some of the him hymns for him he's a page from her diary. henry sergeant henry stewart 23 years old, from adrian, michigan. he entered, he was enlisted in frill for 1863, and he died december 27th 1863 his estate paid $50. he died because of the disease and the reagan hospital in the island he read a lot about the
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guests mention and that experience. kristin fleetwood, he wrote, you know, when he received his cap -- when he refuses cap -- bugle above it the number four a uniform coat blue jacket a overcoat one pair of light blue trousers and booties to pairs of drawers anding toings two shirts, knapsack and he had a sack a case for carrying rations, a cartridge box and so two blankets and all of this -- here's writing what it felt like and he also writes later when he's traveling woke up in the morning the weather was fine, and warm -- he writes about the food and
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little books. the experience of sol soldiers d then they were back, they were surgeons and this is a photograph of anderson abbott he was appointed is the 63 during war he returned to ontario during war but he went from ontario because he left he wanted to receive a medical degree he wanted to go to toronto college for that and he wrote and tried to be a part of the war. be a part of this sense of citizenship and use his skills to take care of the black soldier another one -- he is a doctor in 1864 one his letters he writes -- one of his uncles he says that --
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i do 100 dollars less war tax $2.50 and ask was in favor of acting assistant surgeon rank -- and i read the address several times. i like it, though, i confess it is for me so he's loving his new rank. he's loving fact that he's getting paid and he says that he's not writing service, however, half a loaf is better than none no loaf is better to have a blue coat than no military coat and rather have mexican green or circle so he -- writes his political affiliations he's aware of the war, fredic douglas during that tile period invited to dinner and he's proud to attend and so there's letters within that framing. another alexander augusta, another one he left for toronto you know, in terms of canada to study.
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he wrote to president lincoln asking to fight for -- to fight and to work he was cool peeled to leave native country because of prejudices against color of his skin and these are stories that i'm sharing and knows that now and now i'm going to flip through some of the images from the book for truth. these are some of the women -- some of the cabins that some of the people live these are two who also photographs in their lectures in their camp. and here are some of the things that they wrote about them. dear sergeant family -- martin, a sergeant, very light eye and hair, light complexion uses no tobacco, appreciated by his officers.
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here's dave rockets drummer who was a free man when he entered now hard to manage, he's the base drummer governor and reckless you can see by personality he's had aside, and he's reckless in terms of not buttoning his coat so personals that are god in here develop images from marriage this is a couple of a marriage license. and this is a lewis bust of colonel shaw and created this bust when he left and so question begin to think how monuments are developed. that you know, he was a prominent citizen and leader of black troops. and so this bus is one of the important moments of the war
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after his death because he was honored through many ways. so these organize exhibition and these are some of the photographs of their medal of honor winner, emancipation day in richmond, and then i'll end with this -- right here of the soldiers from the 54th where the unfortunate death of colonel shaw and many other black soldiers. there's a painting on the back with family are honoring the dead soldiers but they're also teaching their children so again when you get to see art on the wall here at the turn of a century. and that contemporary artist here white is looking at the archives and lives in new jersey and again -- we see how he's using archives
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to tell the story. there are images of parades with the black collection, carey photograph, the monument in boston and then willy william earl williams -- he created this photograph he has a project photographing monuments and the civil war fight and the area where number of soldiers fought the battle. and this is a monument to carney in north folk, virginia so i see there are few questions, and would like to open up. i'm going to read the questions and then -- from karen do you believe these photos would be -- would be thought to address reparations with black american and their descendants thought to
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address possibly it is important this history needs to be told. and it is important that we recognize that black soldiers were a part of this history. peggy how many of the studio photographers were african-american? i found three african-american studio photographers and there were other operators who worked with the white photographers. parson, around this time black people commission memorial photography, and they have a likeness and keepsake of their dead yes. do you think many photographs about do you think many photo of black soldiers who lost during the jim crow civil rights era of black soldiers were lost possibly but they are discovering now and most
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fascinating apartment of this nicholas is that photographs have been in the national archives so they're there. they're not lost. and as we have a possibility that families, of course, lost a lot during that time and then there were some people who the story some of the photographs so that's an important point. so there is a collection thank you karen, two distinct places communities and has always been. thank you. wewinston were photographers of black civil war soldiers generally black or white. and there was someone with the statue of brady or gardner who work away in an archive somewhere. someone who -- who was someone of the statute. there was a black photographer
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jp james presley ball and he had a studio in cincinnati, ohio. and he was known as an activist an abolitionist. there was a photographer, his studio was often visited by soldiers who were helping blacks escape the war. and he was active and some of his photographs are library of congress. in the ohio historical society, and here we again to see and i'm sure we can be able to find collections, they are a number of private collections that have black photographers within their private collections. craig keplo sorry if i'm mispronouncing your last name. any historical insight into the
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role for the civil war as a nurse, and use photography in 1800s so talks often and she was a nurse. her grandson was a civil war soldier. but she also talked about abolition as an activist. so her activities in her book with number of people who have written about her, and her story is important. you know it is plantation owners documented their slave using photographs. yes and that was the image of dolly by louie. many of them documented there and early images that i show that carey we made -- and draina that they were photographed on -- from the request of louie but
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also that they were owned by plantation owners and many of them were photographed by photographers white photographers in the south. important also to note that photographers there were days black people could enter the -- those photograph studios during that time period. and white could enter on other days, other times and in mississippi i read that photographer photographing enslaved people who had an opportunity to pay for their own photographs and the white in the town of mississippi chased the white photographer who was moving place to place take them out of the town. an this is penny scott -- sorry if you've already done this but i'm struck by formal pro of the soldiers who you were
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taught were illiterate. are we to take away that letters were written in hand of the soldiers themselves but others like of them? how do you explain formal language? some of the soldiers were educated and went to school. as i mention before, soldiers who were surgeons, the frederick douglas son were educated they lived in the north, and excuse me. others were educated through because of legal people how to read and write. so others who escape slavery were able to study and ones who were enslaved were able to when they join war they were able to learn to read and write with the help of behight teachers and black teachers but -- as laura and others during that
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time period. so it is important to note that also there were tribes, people who wrote for them. and so i included both letters that were written by sides but also letters written by the soldiers themselves. mason freeman or simon can you talk about the process by which you came by these images i'm interested in how you have newspaper and records and archives and other photographs reduced from other personal sources such as individual family selections. i am -- started this research possibly about 15 years ago but i could say longer because when i worked at the center for research and black culture, i noticed they were civil war soldiers in the collections there. that photograph and i was
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intrigued by that missing story that i missed in materials of never told that these soldiers existed, and i wanted to learn more and i started reading books and newspapers, finding newspapers that were written during that time period. many of them were by abolitionists, white abolitionists who were actively looking to find a solution to the war or try to understand to make a difference. and i was historical societies and in boston and d.c., and in philadelphia, and, of course, new york. visited often when i traveled to other places like ohio, and also in florida. and georgia, sos iing this about all of the places i've traveled
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in north carolina. also a number of complexes online and had the experience to have that opportunity to look at collections online, download and read letters. most important part to me was to have the opportunity also to be contemporary artist like louie williams and carey and white who were also looking at the land and making images and doing research other historians told me stories and we shared a moment through that experience. but jackie earl, earl -- who are sol of the photograph, and please feel free to buy the book. bond michael 150 years from now how do you imagine our senators
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will look back at photography of the racial justice movement of the day. i think they'll be just like me. they will look at those images and question what happened. there will be a poll you'll be intrigued, and they'll also have the experiences to see how accurate and has transformed their understanding of humanity and this is exactly what i've experienced. was color in the original photograph or retouch they were retouched. sarah, it would be really interesting to hear a bit about how you conducted your research and found these images so i jus mentioned that. greg last week can you talk about the georgia claiming of the decoration around many of the photographs? there were a number of framers, artists who were painters who and craftsmen --
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wood workers who were interested in making frames, and who were miniature paintings and also for the types. and these were embellished created by crafts men, and many of the support to have these in the framing of these somewhat know different type of medal some were wood and these were framing. can you explain what is guggenheim. there are awards that i received. matthew brady take photographs of black soldiers? >> yes and were some of the aron american soldiers paid to stand in for white men who did not ppght to -- want to serve?
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the south they were not paid by confederate black soldiers who where are portioned to fight for the sons of the plantation owners who did not want to join the war. they were not paid because they were enslaved. beverly ingram are you aware of other black civil war other than 59th yes in the book, they are, there are a number of others that are mentioned. and or there a range of stories about their experiences and the excitement that they had in leaving their states or cities. to go places to philadelphia had a training school for soldiers. they were a number of experiences that were i take personally because i'm from
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philadelphia and to see activism of the abolitionist movement, and in philadelphia -- to my research and that's why i do a lot of research in philadelphia. and yes, there have been names of some of the troops in philadelphia area. >> here's a look at publishing industry news, former president mike pence assign two book deal with simon and schuester include former vice president memoir scheduled to be released in 2023 and is countrily untitled american library association has released their annual list of the ten most challenge books from last year. top for the third year in a row by alex young adult novel george about a transgender girl. it is followed by jason renolds book on race in america titled stamp sited by challengers for, quote, selective story telling incidents and that a quote does not encompass racism against all
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people professor director of the boston university center for antiracist research had a response to news, quote, heart beat of racism is denial. and the history and stamp will nots be denied nor will young people access to the book be canceled according to american library association, over it 273 books were challenged or banned last year. in other news, npd book scan reports book sales were up 29% for first quarter of the year. and other john nesbitt died age of 92. the formaller business executive and assistant secretary of education in the kennedy administration was best known for his 1982 book mega trend which offered prediction on economic and social changes and sold over 14 million copies worldwide. book it booktv will continue to bring you new program and publishing news also watch all of our past programs any time at booktv.org. booktv is television for serious
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readers all weekend every weekend. join us again next saturday 8 a.m. eastern for best in nonfiction books. c-span jr. unfiltered view of government for funded by the television companies and more including cox. >> good morning students teachers are doing whatever it takes to connect with their student and cox is too at connecting over 140,000 eligible students in need with low cost internet. .... brendan carr is one of two republicans on the federal communications commission. he's the senior republican

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