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tv   German Chancellor Angela Merkel European Leaders on Future of Europe  CSPAN  November 20, 2018 5:03pm-6:47pm EST

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german chancellor, delivered remarks to the members of the european parliament on the future of your. she expresses support for she called a real european army. afterwards, the president of the permit spoke during this 90 minute debate. >> on the future, of the european union. it's very important to know the chairman position of the most important issues. on the future of our union. we know the position of the european parliament, we know the position of the european commission. but for paving the way, for europe, we need to change euro
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europe, to be a big mistake, we want to be european also in the next year. european parliament, want more power. we are the only one. [applause] we are the only one, by the citizens. we want to decide before the european election. we want to increase the budget from 1.121.3. we want all resources and immigration, the other important issue. we want to incorporate with,
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want to achieve good solution on that. it's possible to achieve an agreement before the end of this year. also, if you want to achieve good solution, on immigration, we need to invest more in africa. we need to plan for africa. we know need more money and after. a change. [applause] in the new position, more than a corporation between europe and africa. but this is also, european foreign policy. the european defense. this is a very important, for the future european union. thank you for being here. you have the floor.
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[applause] >> president of the european parliament, antonio. president of european commissi commission,". ladies and gentlemen, members of the european parliament. for 50 years, for the first time, the german president at the time, described european unification as an exemplary experiment. this was ten years before the
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elections to the european parliament. about time the european community was still in its infancy. a lot of the achievement such as the internal market, revisionary project. the foundation has been made. hundreds of years of worse and the citizens of europe, were over. for the first time, they had a stable peaceful future. i had of them. today, i am here with joy, but also with gratitude. in front of the greatest parliament of the world. we have 751 members from 28 countries that representing half
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million people approximately 7% of the world's population. in this house, we feel the heart of democracy beating. twenty-eight countries and this describes, something about europe. it's diversity. this is one of the greatest strengths of us in europe. because despite our diversity, we have a commitment to unity, to compromise. despite different origins, despite our different opinions. what we are doing here, is to come to results to the benefits of our community. i spoke to this house. in 2007, germany took over the presidency of the council. i talked to a time about the diversity which brings us together. it does not separate us.
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which we had to defend. about the fact that we, in europe, need to breathe good error. we talked about freedom and diversity being connected in europe. i spoke about tourists. i also mentioned the fact that tolerance is the soul of your. it is indispensable basic value for we, europeans. last year, we experienced how much the world has changed. we have experienced also how the soul of europe is being affected. the global, political, economic and technological challenge which we have to face. they are moving forward to more and more rapid pace. we have experienced a series of crisis. we have experienced international terrorism. violence, armed conflict,
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movements which have serious impact on us in europe. we are experiencing the results of private change and we are feeling values according to question. the united kingdom in the country, which is soon going to leave your the european union with a deep winter. i think turning now to him here for the work that he has done. i think we can all applaud him for it. the european parliament, we are realizing that it is very difficult, to balance development but also, we are
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experiencing the fact that it's becoming more and more difficult to speak alone on the global stage. to push our interest forward. that becomes even more important that we stand side-by-side. that's the european union, more than ever. needs to respect both the interests of its own members and others. we need to understand that tolerance is the soul of your. it is essential component of what makes us europeans. first only together, can we develop to ensure that we take account of the interests and needs of others as well as our own. that brings us to the core of european aliberti. without which, we cannot be
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successful. this solidarity is based on tolerance. it represents our strength as europeans. which we can find nowhere else. three reasons for this. first of all, the universal value. we have to work for each other. it is essential, the prerequisite for every operation. for families, for villages, for sports associations as well as committees such as the european union. solidarity is a component of the european treaty. it is essential feature of our values. it is a cornerstone of europe. it supports economic development and also helps combat unemployment. we are faced either with
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terrorist attacks or other attacks on our bodies, we had the european crisis in so-called umbrella which was -- helps solve financial problems. we have a few examples here. it demonstrates how individuals can -- countries of european union and citizens of european union are in difficulties. but they do not stand alone. so we have a few examples of this. on the other side of the coin, we have national issues. it's always an impact on the community as a whole. therefore, secondly, solidarity is always linked to commitment. the principles based on the rule of law in my country, the right opposition, and civil society, are adversely affected if
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curtailed. state based on the rule of law and the role of law in general is something which is not just national. it is for all of us. for europe, can only operate properly as a community which is based on law. when those laws are applied. if individually, we try to deal with our problems, then we compromise the strength and stability of our europe. our common currency can only work properly if each individual member shares the responsibility. who actually tries to jeopardize the agreement of europe on individual institutes for example, the rights policies or
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others, adversely affecting the entire european foreign policy. europe has only been a voice to the world if it works together. that means that solidarity always means that we have to overcome national commission. i am well aware of this. i am from germany. i know that this is not always been the case. for example, in the years before 2015, we took far too long to realize that the issue of refugees was an issue for the whole of europe and not just germany. in order to understand this, we have to realize that this is a common european task. thirdly, using solidarity for
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everybody, it means that we have to deal with our own interest. we have to respect others but this is not something that contradicts our own interests. quite to the contrary. for example, we need to work to combat migration problems. this was an issue that was brought up. we have to at the same time, ensure that people have living conditions improved. it is often because of difficult conditions at home that they see towards your. now, looking at climate change, this has economic and social consequences. it is crucial that we take this. it is useful.
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it is also important for all europeans if they develop better stability within europe. all europeans if everybody participates in protection against the climate change. it's going to help all europeans. if we tackle together's, by immigration, accepting refugees, by different states, on the basis of development and their own histories. solidarity means that we should do absolutely our utmost to find a common approach to tackle this and other subsequent results. that work together as a community. so solidarity and universal
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basic value. it is irresponsibly for our community and solidarity is also in our own interest. the interest of our well-being. so unity and determination are key for us. i would like to bring up issues, and particularly important. first of all, foreign and security policy. if europeans, we notice that we can defend interest when we work together. only a stronger europe is going to be able to defend its values and interest. worldwide. the time we could rely on our best, our pastor, this means that we and europeans now have to really take our fate, put it into our own hands if we want to
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defend our community. that means that in long-term, we in europe, to develop our foreign policy more. we need to think this through. we need to try and do without people working on their own behalf. for the benefit of our citizens. i have suggested that we establish european security council. with changing states. my decision has can be taken more rapidly. we have to create a european intervention so that we can tackle immediately on the ground. we have already achieved operation in the military.
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that is good and we are going to continue to support this. but we should do, and this is really important, if we look at the development for the past year, we have to work on a decision of one day, creating a real, true european army. [inaudible] >> already said the common european army would show the world that they will never again be war in europe. i'm not saying it will be against nato, of course not. we can be a good supplement to
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nato. [applause] would be a lot easier to cooperate with us if we have more than 160 different weapon systems and the u.s. has only 50 or 60. and if we had, we realize that all of the different instances in training and education, and if we could work together and pull our efforts together, we could work together with nato, with a european army. [applause]
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i'm really pleased about this. this is great. i'm annoying some people. in a parliament. [applause] so, we mean the common development of systems within europe. this of course, means a different task for the federal republican. we are going to have to develop also, a common european as experts policy. ladies and gentlemen, let's come onto the economic issues. this is the basis of our strength and is the prerequisite to opposition in the world. if we are not economically strong, we are not going to be politically strong. i am thankful to have looked at
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john). it has had a considerable impact over the past few years. it has 500 billion euros invested. up until 2020. 350 are already in the pipeline. the group program for better investments is something which is really important, we can -- we've been working on it for a long time. i think we should be talking about this now. the 350 million are a real contribution to improving prosperity in europe. and of course, to stable and, a stable europe, for its citizens, also needs a stable economy. we need to develop our monetary policy better. we are working on a banking unit. germany and france have already made statements on this. i think that we need to link very closely to the midterm mfs
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on this. we have to look at responsibility and control. banking union and then, later, european insurance system. this is something which is going to reduce the risk of national country, of national country government. we are looking at here is something which is two sides of the same going. european council, at least to germany is on board, together with friends, is going to be able to make more progress. we've had intensive discussions over the past few days. on digital taxation for example, participated in that. i know. germany is not asking whether we feel that this goes without saying, the question is, how are we going to do this? i think what is important
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democratically is to take the common commission on board and to look at how an international context, we can also get international solutions. we are looking at minimum taxation, but if that doesn't work, we can't wait forever. we are going to have to work on it in europe. independently. if we are honest with ourselves, and if we look into the future, and think about our lifestyle as well being, we have to realize that it is not the same today as it was hundred or 150 years ago. this inventions, always came from europe. a lot of inventions and innovations now come from asia and the united states. then of course, we have to but the question that to ourselves,
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as to how in our continent, we are going to determine the ability of the future. we have to look at the fact that for example, chinese companies are investing in germany. that is mine. but i want to make sure that we are stronger in europe and that we want to be able to master the technologies of the future. we have got the european instruments for this. we got everything before us. we've got commuting, got to look at the development of artificial intelligence and this is still possible because we have a strong industrial spaces in europe that we can build upon. we have to avail ourselves with that. and research and innovation and therefore, central focal points. for our future well-being. the third, colleagues, that they would like to refer to is immigration. and refugees.
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during our crisis, we had to overcome many hurdles and come to a common solution. we are being successful in many areas but the issue of immigration is something which is not yet brought europe together. as i would like it to. this is a real court topic. an issue which reflects our relationship with our neighbors and we've got to find common approaches. we have made progress. we all agree that we need a european border protection. perhaps, saying that we have an area with free movement, then start working on who comes in, who comes out. then we find our -- find out that we are in singeing the principles once again. it's true that we have developed commissions proposal.
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they are good. as everybody wants to reclaim their international response building, that doesn't want to give anything away, they can be a big as big as they want to be. they won't be able to do what they have to. we have to work on this together. we also have to think through development, economic development and how we can participate. they have excellent results compared to what we had two years ago because individual members of states with the commission have been working in individual members states. and have achieved more than they would you individually. i think because there are lots. this is just part of the way. i think therefore, we also need
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to develop a european, common european policy. nobody can be surprised that countries from a particular country, know about a certain country immediately. then we get second immigration. we have to make an effort to ensure that we have same common playing fields for the internal market. even on issues such as asylum and humanitarian response abilities. we have to deal with these issues together. we have to have a common policy. ladies and gentlemen, i'm just giving you three examples as many as i could come up with. the fact that i have really hit the nail on the head, is devastated by the protest [background noises] pgh that i have been hearing. i think that what people want is that europe really tackles these
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difficult problems. these burning problems. we need to tackle the issues which are facing us. your past to be everywhere. not every problem in europe is a european problem. solidarity means that europe deals with things where it is necessary. and when it does there, it does in a decisive is effective manner. i think europe ...
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and what happens if countries and the associations, the league of nations in those days collapse? [inaudible] and therefore we should not give up our european opportunity,because if we do , we shall see the effect not just on ourselves but the younger generation. nationalism should no longer have aposition in europe . but tolerance and solidarity represent our common future
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and colleagues, it is well worth fighting for and thank you. [applause]
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>>. [speaking native tongue ] >> i would like to call on jean-claude for the president's declaration . >>. [speaking in native tongue ] [applause] >> president chancellor angela, i am convinced of everything that you have said here is correct. i'm very impressed all the
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comments made. i just am surprised that some people are not here to listen to what you have to say. standing ovation forthe chancellor . >> thanks to having discovered the solidarity as equal nationsin europe . [applause] >> president, there are alot more commissioners here and there were for some of the other speeches as well . >>. >> mister president.
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>>. >> i was very pleased to hear what you said about multilateralism. multilateralism is one of the causes of the european union and what you said, it's really goes to the heart of what the european commission has been proposing. and i think there was a great deal of applause today and a lot more that i got when i spoke in october 2014. and i think that history will prove youright . not everyone here has always seen things that way but you were quite right not to close the borders.
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[applause] >>. >> the, there could be some more applause on that point then we just heard. now, on the issue of bricks it, where swimming in the same water, i would just repeat that we do not want to punish that united kingdom, the united kingdom. >> i'm not speaking in that direction. i'm speaking in the opposite direction. >> but we have to respect the vote in the uk. >> in the interest of the european union, we were not
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in an aggressive mood when it comes to future relations with britain . there european union, the covenant has to recognize that britain, staffing was playing a major role when it came to the liberty and the freedom of customs, we are ready for this. but this. >>. >> this is not the reason to leave the great history between the islands and european union. in fact, i think that the belief is a tragedy.and a historical error. and let me say, we have to do the best with it and the european division, together with michelle is moving into
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that direction. [speaking in native tongue] >> everything you said was important . but i was struck by what you said about africa. africa remains not a problem. but it is an issue for africans. it's a great opportunity for africans and for europe. we need to work together in solidarity and ship. the commission has made a proposal with regard to the external plan. and we should be building on those proposals. i appreciate everything that people say in favor of radar solidarity, but workingwith africa is not charity . it is being part of a
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movement but not wanting to do favors for africa. we need a partnership with africa between equal africa, we also depend on africa and so for that reason we need to do more for africa. >> so all in all chancellor, dear angela, i think the comments you've made to the heart of what we need to do. perhaps there could be a little bit more support for all of the brave initiatives the commission on immigration on africa, on the euro reform and if you do even more than you have until now, you would be even greater than you are and we would welcome that.
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>>. >>. >>. >> i'm not now going to close the system of motor requests. though now we're going to have the intervention of the different leaders of the political groups on behalf of the european speakers. >> chancellor, president, ladies and gentlemen. the unity of europe was the dream of not very many people . and now it's necessary for all of us, this is the first chancellor of germany who said this and there is a very large portrait of conrad in your office. and he realized just how important but history of
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germany and europe is and realized that things would only go well for germany if there were these links with our neighbors and this very probe, the european stand with our current chancellor, mister schmidt, mister cole on the that we've been able to do things which were unthinkable perhaps and a lot has been achieved. i'm 46 years old so i know what i'm talking about, i'm one of the first generations on this continent that has been able to live in peace and freedom and you belong to a generation that was also able to live in peace and that's a considerable length of your time you were locked in behind the iron curtain. my grandfather was part of the war generation so the unthinkable has actually managed to be achieved thanks to the german contribution and i would like to send out heartfelt thanks to you, mrs.
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merkel on behalf of chancellor of germany. we're thinking in terms of amsterdam today, thank you very much for prepping the fact that being pro-european means that you perceive the problems others are having and if you take a look at the euro crisis, we know in germany you explained what the internal market means and you demanded solidarity with other countries and then when it comes to the situation in the ukraine when russia changed the borders through military action, the first time since the second world war you said the europeans have to stand together and get a firmer apply and that of international law cannot be accepted. and then in the summit and another speech, we said that it's not possible to close borders on a unilateral basis, you have to discuss these things with your neighbors. and in order to overcome problems on the basis of partnerships, this is what
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you always preach and i like to say thank you for that but obviously we are facing many challenges and perhaps i could say something when it comes to the method, not specifically to the content. in europe we need to have a new well to assume responsibility. if you take a look at the council of ministers we know that the ministers have always voted in favor , a very high rate of 90 percent and they get back home a stock protesting and we have to stop this game of supporting blame. for example in spain, they don't know any really anti-european movement, that is because during the times of crisis, mister ohio didn't point the finger at brussels. he said that we have to take responsibility for our country and do our homework so we have to stop pointing the finger, shoving the responsibility on brussels when things go wrong in our country. we have to recognize the
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success stories, we've had many people standing at the podium talk about the success stories in the room in terms of the economy. european union is on that path as well and we have to stress the initiative taken by the commission, john claude younger and thanks to these initiatives, that we are being successful but we have to get the people of europe behind it. if we're talking about methodology, then colleagues i think rex it has shown us that this whole argument that i want to have my sovereignty back works. it's very fruitful and i think we need a new approach. we have to take a look at this, build a bridge between the decision-making process and the people and we don't, there's not a question of having the franco german access . and this represents the european political map. it's the theresa from greece,
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we've got ebt, we've got all the political parties movements represented here when we take decisions, when we discussed this in the heart of european democracy, there are consequences and only a few months ago we were talking about various views, we know that negotiations are going to be difficult in the future. and we have to take the kind of decisions across parties and show decisiveness across parties. that we have, we are an important chamber but wedon't have the right initiative . we know that the treaty is a major task. you know that i'm appointed to candid arts in the fall for my political group and if i were to become president, i would also want to ensure that there is in direct
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initiatives in parliament. so the european parliament does get the right initiative and has its say. the honorable members, ladies and gentlemen, as a final point, europe needs ambition. i grew up in the 1990s, went home as chancellor of germany and he said we will do away with thedeutschmark and introduce the euro which wasn't at all popular at the time but you went ahead with it because he believed in the future . the talk several decades ahead of his time and i'm grateful to that. and for also what you have said when it comes to common security policy. if we follow the european path and move away from unanimity to qualified majority, european union will not only become a political triumph, we will be able to turn our european union, not
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only in economic triumph which we are but a political giant and in order to properly represent our values . so thank you very much and thank you for everything you've done under your chancellorship . [applause] >>. >>. >> welcome from a good social dump democrat group in the parliament. the house european democracy, i'd like to ask colleagues for understanding when the chancellor is here to see, i want to spend a moment talking about germany before we move on. it was very impressive to see what happened in the past two
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days. how much dignity we pay tribute to the victims of the first world war in germany, france and the uk and belgium. all of the locations where people seek the traces of these tragic wars. and i just want to add one point , in germany we are also thinking about the brave men and women that 100 years ago when against an order. the uprising of naval forces who refuse to enter the battles and led to the end of the first world war as important points of democracy in german history, one that we can be proud of and perhaps we don't focus on and
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not the revolution in 1880, the speeches by 1933. spoke out against hitler and 17 july in the 53 in gdr and also the peaceful resolution in 1989 which was a milestone in europe in my personal life . and what i want to say is that as germans, we have to be aware of how closely our history is entwined with european history. and there's one thing we should pay particular attention to, we cannot fail that we germans, and i say this as a german social democrat, do not have the right to fail on europe.
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much less then this obligation is even greater on us than any other country given our history and that's why any hesitation or lack of courage can take us down the wrong road. perhaps i could just give an example so that you see what i mean, chancellor. no one has any doubts about your conviction of the importance of yours but i think german expectations are even greater. make sure that you use your voice to strengthen your -- i think that is the expectation of germany. it's true in economic and also political terms and it's very much part of the debate that we are having in europe. let me recall something which
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happened recently. president also from your family said that in order to overcome the economic crisis, we have to have common initiatives and that happened under pressure from you and led to the troika and we've had a lot of debate about why the outcomes were not positive in a lot of respects because there was no democratic control, no control by the parliament and that is something that we certainly must change. and i would like to draw to consequences as quickly as possible and i'd like to ask for your support on this first of all, the community method needs to be struck only when the european parliament has a true voice, where we will be successful in the future and secondly, we have a coalition agreement
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in berlin because we want europe to be strong and we need to ensure that this is implemented for the european monetary fund and also germany needs to make progress on climate protection and social policy for instance in the framework for decent working commissions. we need to make sure it is not blocked by the tpp but that we can make europe's position on precarious work very clear. and in recent days, we don't go exactly what the epp is in favor of. the epp commission president junker and i think this is a problem but it's the epp of
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the political speeches or is it the epp of president carts whose currently turning us back on the migration pack of the united nations which i think is scandalous. and having an impact on the border or the party of mister ormonde. speaking on what are the principles of this party of alan r and shuman, what is their political discourse. we should invest all efforts to help europe to move forward, a fair europe, a solidarity in which everyone has opportunities and for the
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men and women in my group, europe is not just a place on the map. it's a question of our convictions. it's tolerance and i'd like to thank you and i wish all the best for our work because there is still a great deal to be done. >> the group for the conservatory will meet. >> on behalf of the european conservatory performancegroup , mister lincoln has the floor. >> the privilege for us to have here, you're certainly one of those politicians that has decisive influence on what has been going on in europe. not only as a leader of a very important nation but also as a remarkable personality. the precisely because your exceptional status, i'm
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thinking the liberty of sharing with you some of my concerns that i have about the european union. you have a very powerful person. you make the basic decisions. in europe. you anoint people for compositions within the eu. in here in the european parliament, what we want to do something that your government does not like. by supporting north stream or curling you can also. there are always innumerable obstacles coming up. and it's is extremely difficult to do anything about area even if we can do something about it, then it is ignored by your governments because your government can't afford to ignore it. and this power spills over
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when i talked to some of my colleagues here, i usually hear them harmonizing. that's a very common theme in this chamber. i would say i hear them pontificating from the position of heavyweight moral champions consider themselves to be. so all this is true but in real terms, i think your political family is playing second fiddle to european politics. interesting as your speech was, i cannot resist repeating that 95 percent of what you said could have been said by a martin schultz, a politician i largely -- largely forgotten what he was
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a big man once here. and he was pushing this chamber to the left. being seconded by the european people's party. the truth is not a chancellor that the european union has been hijacked by the left. which impose on it it's ideology, its political agenda, even its language. to personalize itself, we just heard mister or one of the socialists, if you have two or three sentences,, mister bolan said, they can change the speeches. and no one would see the difference. [applause] i can say more. i can imagine mister bull on being the chairman of the epp.
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and that mister weber being the chairman of the socialists. and it wouldn't make the slightest difference either. i would say more. i could imagine mister hofstetter taking their position and it wouldn't make a difference perhaps, the only persons being those with more insult by now. but so much for digression. the immigration crisis which half you so dearly madame chancellor is just the tip of theiceberg . not your tradition of german democracy, you know more
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about it than i do but what happened to it?where has it evaporated too? the comrade in your office is not enough. where is your christian democratic vision of what europe should be? why is it that you and your political family have to observe as you have been turning into a political bubble of social engineering. this creeping centralization, the so-called socialization through the back door. more and more obscure structure, the myopic institution you made, the more power structures become obscure. this is elementary on politics. everybody knows about it. this is the arrogance of the eu officials. the awful idea like you ideology oozing from every
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document written in a horrible news speak. the crying violation of the treaties, all this supposedly leading us to a future of radiance but this future, could i please continue. thank you. but this radiant future is a left-wing fantasy and i do not want to give into leftist fantasy and i am sure mom chancellor you do not want to either. >> ..
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we have from time to time, the same european opinion. while i'm proud of this european majority, that exists in this house. [applause] i'm proud on that. to be part of this. >> you have spoken six minutes. we don't even know what your position is in that six minutes. the only thing i know is that you are against your. but that's every time when you interfere. chancellor. chancellor. the last time that in europe, university was closed, that happened 75 years ago. it was in november 1943. that happened in norway. with the university of it was closed officially because a part of the building was burned. the reality was that the nazi
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authorities, determined to suppress the continuous call. for academic freedom by the university. that happened 75 years ago. i tell you this story. it's not because in two weeks time from now, it will be on the first of december, the same will happen in our own european union again. this time, but in hungry, university to defend the university. to be forced to close its doors and everybody knows why. because it is a part of a personal crusade. even anti-semitism. against another man, defender of the university.
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i have a question to you. my question is, when will you and your colleagues in the council, would finally an end to such shameful and scandalous behavior in a value of the european union? [applause] i ask you this question, not to make it difficult to you, but i ask this because i firmly believe that more than migration, that's an important issue, more than financial crisis, more even then, i think that this is undermines today, the european union. because already, a faithful efficient in the past because between north and south, during europe crisis. we already, it still is a one to. we risk now even more devastating split between the
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east and the west. in fact, but going back to the island and to the work. allow me to say, because i want now to to come to germany and the european union because it's about the future of the european union. it sends the unification of germany, we have made progress, for example. but not so much for. during the unification of germany difficulties, germany, it's true, became the most powerful of the union. the most powerful population, most powerful and economic but eventually with economic power with more political power comes more responsibility. certainly, european responsible. precisely, since 1990, germany hasn't always assumed fully this big responsibility. if i may say so. it is -- in a certain way, i
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understand what happened. as a country was preoccupied with something so historical and so emotional, as the reunification of the country, the immigration of the bankrupt government state. it was an enormous endeavor. by doing so, all the energy, all the efforts went in this task. by doing so, that's my message that i want to give, by doing so, the more traditional, the post war german ambition, so difficult for answer. so difficult to build always and never close the union. he lost traction. lost energy, in germany, and europe, if i may say so, it is not, it is the fact that far too much to the discussion about, i
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remember such many of the discussions. that would be paid in germany. taxes lasting. so two weeks ago, chancellor, you announced that after this mandate, you will quit politics. but let me say, the coming months in the coming years, and why, to put germany back on track, i think, toward this union, and i think your intervention of today is a step in that direction. we need a leap forward with your. we need the remix of the project. so that we can save the challenges of the world of tomorrow. it will be in which in a certain
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way, we will be on our own. facing the chinese and indians. facing the russians and facing the americans. for example, in the world. that will be my conclusion. you can do that. we know your strength. we know your courage, we have seen the courage during the migration. you have a unique chance to achieve it now. to make this leap forward. there is a better than -- we saw a confidence in european. not in the traditional approach. not in that way. the outline, the european project, my message to you, both of you, and brace this vision, join forces, revive the european
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dream. the emotional image of both of you, of three or four days ago. hold each other in a standard that is powerful. i know, it's time. show that the whole world. i got a ways for my last phrase. show them for the whole world how immensely beautiful this coming european project is. i wish you a lot of success in this. [applause] >> please call on speakers to respect the allocated time. there won't be time for the other if you speak too much time. >> thank you.
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thank you for coming and making time to participate in this debate in the future of europe. i would like to take up, where he left off. i would like to recall what a huge tester of reconciliation you had demonstrated in recent days. you have recalled that we have is in 1918. we have put an end to one of the world greatest catastrophes. the european union is the worlds greatest piece projected. we have brought out across your unifying people, achieving freedom and democracy and we got rid of that. this is very much close to our heart. we want the unified europe, the europe that is one for all of us, working constructively build our future. we want one that protects human
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rights that has the rule of law and that defend all of these things adequately. we have to stand up against enemies of democracy. and of nationalism. we also want to make sure that people have jobs and have prospects of the future. we want to -- we want a europe that make sure that is just as taxes others. we want to speak up for the world. not exploit wise weapons of saudi arabia. we want a with europe that is leading the way on protection and our fundamental values. the future in that respect, life in your hands, but unfortunately, your government keeps stepping on the brake when it comes to europe. this is perhaps, the greatest crisis of our time. the world climate summit has brought this to our attention
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again. with time, we have a duty to make this point that the objectives have put in place. it is not going to be sufficient. there are two things we have to do. wondering whether they could do that together. i wonder where the germany, federal republic of germany, will agree, we need to reduce the co2 emissions. the ambitious goals of being buried because of the germans and the climate is going to be phased by they get pictures o of -- we need ambitious goals, we need them to be implemented. that's why the german government has to stop hitting the brakes on climate policies. this is a real catastrophe up.
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germany is the only country in the eu that is having -- the reality. this is the biggest one. it has the farthest reaching consequences. the fact that germany keeps violating environmental legislation, the scope of them. protecting the climate with new energy, will also help us independence. gas pipeline, russia to germany, make dependence on social fuels. will also damage prospects of the ukraine. we've known that for eight years. what is happened, the union,
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stability packed. we got a little bit of it investment funding. it could grow bigger. it's simply not enough. we've seen cuts in social expenditure, this is going to lead to the strengthening of your. the commission president has made proposals and the french president, you don't have to like all of them but simply speaking, your head and the sign, hoping things will sort themselves out. is actually a failure to face. responsible to. why not get together with him and come up with a reformed port puzzle. why does germany not speak out? it's something that affects the whole union. jen packed justice. once again, the german government is blocking with the evidence austria and others who support, and has tax, remaining in the eu, are blocking and
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making it impossible for people to express loopholes, for 17 billion euros a year. we have to stop blocking progress. we need to stick up for protection of the climate and tax it. the biggest is hitting the brakes. we're not making progress. we need somebody to pick up for your. you said it would be worthwhile, europe making an effort and if so, then you need to act now. otherwise, you will not be true to your words. we need this, we need people to move forward. we need symbols, practical examples and we need to be bold. thank you. >> thank you.
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madame chancellor. one hundred years after the end of the first world war, more than 60 years after the treaties of rome which is celebrated last year, the process of european integration ought to be more far advanced than it is. we should have overcome this national sentiment and selfishness and this should be a thing of the past. not sure this is so much without saying, we talk about needing to be lightened to the treaty, i said yes. but please in such a way, that dream does not become a nightmare. i want to return to some of the points that -- i would like to speak on behalf of micro. we see different, what you have described. chancellor. you know that we talk about
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after the future, our motto should be, never again, war. we should be creating peace with fewer weapons. we should be holding our -- this means we should be opposed to any kind of. i'm afraid i have to ask you, what have you done in order to ensure that german and european arms do not export to consulate? it's always the interest of the armed businesses that take precedent over the need to protect peace and human rights. clearly, please don't follow down the road to a european army. to a military union.
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bear in mind, some other eu countries, sit with what would happen on the trigger. germany should ever be happy with. we have strong business in germany and europe, the left, the social democrats, worked hard. to maintain all of attitudes to nonmilitary policies. we have to protect that. we need to do everything we can to stop them tearing up arms agreements. we need to ensure that no european weapons are two conflict areas. we call on you finally, to allow
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the social union to be reestablished. it's wrong what you seven -- said seven years ago. the preserved of national deficit. if we do not miss managed to create the donation of the you, social union, the military union, then it is possible that the far-reaching consequences will happen. i do want to see that. chancellor, for the climate, you have an important role to play. it was called on you to overcome the accounts. it's a very important. i want to point out, we expect that this federal when it comes to the country by country reporting, should pay a different role. the question stop the taxation, stop being, invading tax
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altogether. so we can use the money for things that are desperately needed needed. it involves the parliament, that has been placed by the government. that is partly due to you. so they called on that to reverse that. do what you can to ensure the european parliament can share responsibly for these important tax. between two member states, one of whom is dependent on the other. that doesn't strengthen democracy. that doesn't strengthen trucks. there is no excuse for that. even if, in all of this, you allowed yourself to be misled. the policy, the dictate, that was following the advice. the results were erosion of
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social standards and fundamental rights. that led to an enormous competence in europe. please, correct that. we need to put an end to any kind of policies. if you can get to the, i can only recommend this. there was a proposal from the bank. to put to the rich, to pay off the debts. that's good. that's rita's mission from the rich to the poor. then we don't have to ask the question of whether the possib possible, and give us a good basis to make one's available for education, for social progress, for more of the things we need. you one worldwide for the position that you took. keeping the borders open. but then, why are you closing
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your eyes to people johnny on a daily basis in the mediterranean? you also need to be committed to ensuring we have legal means of migration. so that we can on the solidarity, that we can actually put in practice the values that we preach. thank you. [applause] >> the europe of freedom democracy,. >> many of my skeptical colleagues. the code shouldn't be. the british should be cheering your. without you, we would never have made it. want to thank you. [applause] in huge numbers. directly as a result of your immigration. and asylum policy. you led to a huge migrant tide.
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a stampede that came across the mediterranean. your man, coming from very different cultures, young man, none of them would have qualified as refugees, in many ways, we said we don't want to be part of an increasingly german dominated european union. we certainly don't want to pay the price. i believe having her view, and listening to and politicians on the last couple of days, you leaving european union is now indeed, liberation. european union that withhold is not to become an empire. militarized european union. undemocratic european union. a european union that seeks to continually expand to the east. a european union that is a new cold war against the united states of america.
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a european union that tries to rewrite history. i think 100 years, for the states. we should be genuinely worried. the idea that this new militarized canyon is somehow a recipe for peace, i suggest you all sit back and think a little bit more carefully. maybe you should all really read history. the european project was set up to stop german domination. what you've seen today, is a naked take over. >> think it becomes, you had a long successful career. but your political decision to open up the doors unconditionally is the worst decision we've seen in postwar politics in europe. is it not time to admit you are wrong? is it not time for you to say to german communities and many others, i'm sorry for what i've done to you and the problems
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i've inflicted upon you for many decades to come? [cheering] [applause] >> the europe as nations and freedom group, it's better. i think we unified by many as, he seemed to be separated also. we are into a family, a family which is characterized by successful economic model. chancellor, you are the past of europe and you are saying also, adjourned today. i think it's strange for us to say something about the future.
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this isn't an empire. this is a union of nations states. we've had misuse of the economic criteria. we've had the bank problems, we've had all sorts of issues. you've had a brother naïve morality about economic response ability. german policy has characterized european traffic policy with its call policy and nuclear policy. you've been naïve about saving resources. german government policy has, christian identity at its base. remove the children from their parents. moving them from the role of parents to bring up their own children. and you, and all of that, have been rather naïve in violating
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the christian parts of the family. in that nature. germans government policy has faced up to and tolerated a huge migrate flow and it's started off with one thing but did up with a lot of control but a lot of control, securities system, the social system and population and you've been rather naïve in your morality when it comes to the cohesion within society and the ability of europe to do -- deal with this. every person has to act in a moral weight. many people have been many german european have done so. if you don't demonstrate tolerance, to living outside of the family, classic family, when people are being protected, when
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they are fleeing, that's well and good but if you have a state in which does not -- which says that any way of living together is a family, that provides support for that, then this is crazy. it pretty much allows everything at the end of the day, nothing. if europe doesn't fall apart, then economic and social policy must not be planned on the back of the envelope. we need thinking, not -- all the rest of that that we need to think about. not have it dictated. external borders and christian, what needs a better pace of it. we need to take response ability at the day, christian identity and your heritage, what you
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leave behind is a distraction institution. there are two unions in germany which are the in a bad way, it will be up to others to put them back together. now, you are saying nice things but i can put it to you, that you will once again be free and conservative. [applause] [speaking in native tongue] >> thank you very much, mr. president. chancellor. i have to apologize, i didn't prepare a speech. i only requested speaking time because otherwise it would have been given to every one else. just a minute. let me speak. i despise non- serious,
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representing the 1%. i haven't got much to say. the last time we saw you, was when we took leave, now we are saying goodbye to you. after say to you, you seem nicer and nicer. the more i look at the people, they are nicer to me. please give us back our country. nice and clean, well swept. thank you very much. >> order. [speaking in native tongue] first responses, chancellor. >> mr. president. let me start by expecting thanks to colleagues who have expect their dues.
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in favor and chancellor who both mentioned the topic of great britain. let me say, as i see it, i think it is extremely important, the spirit in which we deal with the leaving of the great britain and accepted and determined, we accept, i accept the decision of the great britain, it must be respected. they are to be thanked because i think, the spirit in which we are testing about this will decide for decades that when in which we will be able to have a partnership and uk has shown that they wished part of europe to come down to having shared the corporation, areas where we can cooperate.
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that is exactly what we want to do. .. >> perhaps we have to be more careful than others when we represent our own interests. but, we do have interest. ants, we do not agree with everybody always, and neither do you with us. we find out that there is about 90 cases and we have accepted all of the judgments, even the ones that didn't suit us. we know there are differences of
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opinion. my friends in the epp are of a different opinion than i am on north stream. i think when it comes to what we do about climate change we will be using more gas and in the country such as germany that is not going to have nuclear power at all in some time and is concentrating on renewable energy for the future and is making a contribution to protect the climates in that way. if we are going to leave cole behind we are going to use gas for a time period. we won't exclude russia as a source. i am very keen to ensure that ukraine doesn't come off badly. but whether it comes by ukraine or north stream or south stream,
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these are russia gas money. you won't be able to be independent. you need to diversify itself. germany will build an lng terminal so we can deal with other possibilities of gas imports if some of the others dry out. we are going to be getting out of nuclear. we will be stopping cole a part of that needs to be gas for some time. secondly, the community method i would like to say that the community method was far as germany is concerned has always be strengthened but in the european council it at the moment were in a situation where it's almost a model that the european treaties can never be change. let me be frank with you. if you're going to align yourself with that thinking, then europe is going to become
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-- we have a community in which faces new challenges and must react to them must be able to face the future with treaties that can be changed. i do not accept and cannot understand that you would have a motto that you would never change the treaties. if you wish to act in the european way and the treaties don't give you a chance to act that way we can do that tomorrow. but it's not very easy to get a majority in the european council for that. if we can't do that then as a pre-stage tacked jointly we need an intergovernmental approach it would've been far worse had we not had that. so one does not exclude the other. i am pleading expressly that we
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don't take treaty change as an end to itself. but we don't exquisite say and we will never change because then this would be a dereliction of our duty. that brings me to the.mentioned by quite a few groups, you know as well as i do that this is the case. but if you have a constitution or basic laws we do in germany then you have to have the majority for it to be adopted. nevertheless when you said about legislating you get disputes. if it's to do with the basis of the european union, fortunately in this house there's a large group that agrees on the foundations. that's what you need and then you can get into a debate on how you put the principles together.
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whenever we talk about those principles there is a majority. >> what role is to be played by germany? you want us to do two things at that same time. you want us to be visionary and lead the way with france, but also guarantee that the vision is close to reality so the year pink counsel with 28 in future 27 will adopt things unanimously. that is a tension between vision and feasibility between member states. that must not be a growing -- at some.you have to enter into reality and achievability. and maybe when it comes to the setting of a jeff dix it might be reticent.
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then there could be people at home that want us to ensure that what we say is what we implement. it is out of respect for the individual member states. when weighing what is to be done i have to think about the possible impact of that into my thinking, otherwise visions in my own conceptualization is a growing golf. and so i'm concerned germany has always played a role in bridging that having ambitious goals but at the same time making sure the respect for others who don't noise wish to pursue the same thing. that's part of what the e.u. is. a word now on migration. i also have limited speaking time. migration. now, we are all proud of our
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values. this is what europe has been founded upon. article one talks about in alienable nature of human dignity. but on our doorstep is a terrible civil war and a huge challenge facing us let me just give you one example in g7 to illustrate what the german government was thinking about when we supported -- with weapons to avoid a genocide. we decided we would support them. i think that was the right decision even if it was not an easy decision to make. we have a close migration partnership that has been established with nice year. there are terrorists coming in from molly and in libya they are armed with weapons, the
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terrorists from boko haram from nigeria as well. we can imagine training them are doing some expenditure but when it's a question to arm them to fight the tyrus, the world bank is not part of it, germany is not part of it and we have always stuck our heads in the sand. we support them but that's the way it has to be done. [applause] >> we say well french friends, no further, there has been a civil war, still a civil war in syria. this terrorists islam and we have 6 million refugees from syria and iraq and maybe six or
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7 million people in lebanon have been taken in by lebanon and jordan. we start set at the start of the legislature and i think i got this wrong, we didn't pay as much attention to people having at least 1 dollar for eating in some form of education in these refugee camps. the refugees came to us because they needed to save their lives. now 500 million people we have taken 1.5 million and help them in a very traumatic situation where many europeans were helped in similar ways in previous times. do you really think that is something which has put us in a
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position unable to act? [applause] >> obviously we must ensure that way you have illegal migration people spending money on traffickers that we don't end up there. this is where we entered into the agreement with turkey to turn illegal migration into legal migration. they have said that the people we should be helping that is our common goal but we were not adequately prepared. we now have a partnership with africa, we have built up the coast guard of libya, there's a libya conference my only desire is to have the unified policy in europe so people don't get two different stories told to them. but where we have not been sufficiently committed we can
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actually learn from the past. i think now we have to look up say we have learned from our mistakes will do it differently. this partnership with africa is precisely part of that. let me round off with climate protection. i've just said a bit about gas, we will be trying to attain those objectives and in 2030 we really do need to make sure that we attain those goals. we have the climate legislation in place as you well know. there is -- in the g20 under the presidency of germany who tackle tax avoidance and try to put together an international agreement. this is what is being implemented and i think germany
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has played an important contribution to bring that about. [applause] >> book tb will be in primetime on c-span2 for three nights followed by a four-day thanksgiving holiday. we begin with the book film financial world with capitalism in america by adam greenspan. the night comes clients and edge of chaos. it's book tb in primetime tonight at 8:00 eastern. >> who was martin van buren? good question. martin van buren was the eighth president of the united states. he has often forgotten his presidency was only four years old long. >> sunday, on q&a the biography of president martin van buren. >> he spent a lot of time with
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aaron burr, hamilton's murder. there were even rumors persisted about his life, so persistent that they planted him and in his novel that he may have been the illegitimate son of aaron burr. we don't know. but john quincy adams once wrote in his diary, i sought that martin van buren looks a lot like aaron burr. he acts a lot like him. he's always trying to organize factions get southerners and northerners and political alliances together. >> sunday night on q&a. >> listen to the weekly broadcast, this week, part one of a two-part interview with three nationally known presidential historians.
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douglas brinkley, and richard norton smith who share historical concepts of the trump presidency. >> is somebody who has impeachments whirling around him and somebody who is not able to closer healer racial divide in the country. >> there is real animosity between the presidents as early as john adams. he is the person who is pushing for this act of 1798. the act tries to present criticism of the government and the president. >> you can find this on the podcast have. >> the national council on the u.s. arab relations held a conference in washington. in this hour and 15 minute
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portion, a panel discusses the impact of oil and gas production in the united states on the middle east as well as u.s. sanctions on iran. >> to keep things on time i'm just going to start and introduce the speakers. this is the energy session on u.s. arab energy relations. given the situation today it is more than a little bit complicated and unusual. first off, my traveling body to windsor castle in march, herman franson and former chief economist at the international energy agency. i will be brief with the

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