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tv   CNN Newsroom Live  CNN  November 14, 2021 1:00am-2:00am PST

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hello and welcome to all of you watching us here in the united states, canada, and all around the world. i'm kim brunhuber. still ahead on "cnn newsroom," a breakthrough deal on fighting climate change. we're live in scotland where negotiators from nearly 200 nations managed the hammer out an agreement, but many aren't happy with it. plus covid cases spiking in europe as governments impose new restrictions. a live report on the new effort to fight the spread. and a lagging covid vaccination rate among black students across the u.s. the dire consequences that could be down the road.
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after two weeks of difficult negotiations, a final declaration of the cop-26 conference in glasgow came down to a single word. but that one word, a compromise on coal usage was enough to get india's support and the deal was done. the british official presiding over the conference apologized for the last-minute change, but said it was important to keep the fragile climate agreement al alive. >> may i just say for all delegates, i apologize for the way this process has unfolded and i'm deeply sorry. i also the deep disappointment, but i think as you have noted, it's also vital that we protect this package.
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[ applause ] >> the document reaffirms the importance of holding global warming to 1.5 degrees celsius. it requests that countries be more aggressive about their emissions targets at next year's conference in egypt, and as we mentioned, it agrees to phase down the use of coal instead of phase out, changing that one word to secure a final agreement. cnn's phil black joins me now live from glasgow. phil, take us through in a bit more detail what's in it and how it's being received. >> kim, i think you touched on some of the key points there. there is no doubt that the change in the language regarding coal has cast something of a shadow over the final outcome, but i think there is still a view that the mention of coal and the need to move on from it, even if that more qualified way, represents an important milestone in this long process.
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it is profoundly disappointing, certainly to countries that feel most threatened by climate change, small island states and others, the most vulnerable. we heard that disappointment in this room, but i think there is also a relation and this is why the agreement ultimately was accepted by a consensus, even with that extra qualification, that disappointing qualification on coal, because it contains important steps, important facts are accepted, perhaps for the first time. there is that very strong language surrounding the need to achieve a limit on global warming to 1.5 degrees on average. that is based on some strong scientific language, which is in the document, and that's important because there are countries in the room who said, again, that they see anything beyond 1.5 as a threat to their existence. they believe it is purely a
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matter for their survival. and again, the documents stress the importance of acting very quickly if we are to achievement that goal. cuts this decade, that's what's necessary. on the whole, it has been accepted, but it was a very difficult, long, and in the end, an emotional process to get there. take a look. >> adopt the decision entitled glasgow climate pact. it is so decided. >> reporter: they got there, in the end. applause, but no real i joy. the end result, an intensely negotiated agreement that at best achieves incremental progress and ultimately falls short for everyone. but at a climate conference, that counts as a win. the final draft inspired passionate support from some wealthy countries. >> this is good.
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this is a powerful statement. >> i implore you, embrace this text so we can bring hope to the hearts of our children and grandchildren. >> smalling islands were more grudging, but they backed it because it clearly describes the importance of keeping average warming to 1.5 degrees celsius and rendses the critical need to cut emissions dramatically this decade. >> i would like to remind us all that we have 98 months to have global emissions. the difference between 1.5 and 2 degrees is a death sentence for us. >> this cop also made history. for the first time including text that calls for countries to move on from coal. but there was a dramatic last-moment twist. india and others teamed up to insist on weakening that section by changing one key word.
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phase out became -- >> escalating effort to phase down. >> it caused keep disappointment. >> this commitment on coal had been a bright spot in this package. it was one of the things we were hoping to carry out of here and back home with pride. and it hurts deeply to see that bright spot dim. >> reporter: the conference president couldn't hide his emotions. >> i apologize for the way this process has unfolded and i am deeply sorry. i also understand the deep disapp disapp disappointment, but i think as you have noted, it's vital we protect this package. >> outside the room, experts and activists predicted real change is coming after glasgow.
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>> facing down versus facing out. what does that mean in practice? >> i actually don't think the change of that word changes the signal. the signal is that coal is on its way out. >> the big change here is that people finally got the scale of the challenge and the urgency and we finally got a plan that meets that. and that was great. but it's -- now it's roll up your sleeves time. >> reporter: scientists say the world needs transformational change. this conference just succeeded in keeping the process alive. that's not enough to ensure hope survives, too. >> over the course of the two weeks of this congress, india played the role of both hero and villain. the prime minister of india arrived with a big announcement, that it would transition to renewable energy by around 50% by the end of the decade. that's the big sort of ambitious move that a lot of people wanted
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to see more of. in a lot of ways, it's emblematic of the general sense of achievement here. some progress was made, but simply not enough. there is a view here among analysts that this conference helped put the world clearly, perhaps inevitably on the path to a low carbon future. it's just a question of how quickly can it get there? can it arrive in time that's in line with the science, kim? >> many mixed feelings, for sure. phil black, great reporting, as always from glasgow, scotland. thank you so much. worsening climate disasters displaced more than 30 million people last year. joining us from geneva, thanks so much for being here with us. your organization put out a statement after the agreement was finalized, you know, reading through it, i characterize it as supportive in general, but critical of a number of things. let me start with the first, regarding hitting that critical
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target of 1.5 degrees of warm and the statement that said, specific equipments to meet this requirement remain too vague. what's missing? what would you have like to have seen on that score specifically? >> thank you for having me and thank you for mentioning the report we published that climate has displaced more than 30 million people, which is higher than the people displaced by conflict. this aspect hasn't been talked about and i wanted to highlight the plight of those people who get displaced every year by the climate-related disasters. on glasgow itself, many of the commitments are vague and also, they are too far away. for us, the impact of the climate crisis is happening already now. the climate crisis is not in the future. for people we saw, in the small
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island of developing statements and many other part of the worlds, the climate change has already happened. so we did not see a concrete actions there. of course we talk about. a lot on the call oil and gas, but we didn't see the commitment that had been promised many years ago to fund $100 million a year ago on adaptation. we also didn't see action on funding loss and damage. they have already, why this happened on incremental positive steps towards achieving 1.5 degrees. but what we have seen now will not get us there. >> on the issue of loss and damage and helping some of the smaller nations, people in this country, for instance, might not see helping smaller nations as a top priority, necessarily, even in the context of climate change, but your organization, as you mentioned, did a lot of
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research on the effects that displacing people can have and that can have an effect on illegal immigration. people may not draw the link between honduras and the migrant crisis at the u.s. border. >> you know, what we have found is hard. most of the people related to climate-related disasters have been displaced internally. very small number of people have wail crossed the bottle. for the people that are displaced, their suffering is the same. of course, if they cross the border. those people have bigger challenges, because they have no legal recourse.
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but it will only be that there will be more people crossing the border and actually adding to the high number of people. because of various reasons. not only because of country, but the issue of the climate-related disasters. also, of course, livelihood-related issues. this issue of climate-related displacement needs to be very high on the agenda, too, because the people suffer mostly in developing countries. >> as you say, this isn't theoretical. for your organization, it's happening more and more right now. you're being called to help people. this year in the u.s., we saw the devastating effects of climate change on both coasts with the unprecedented fire and droughts in the west, deadly floods in the east and the red cross being called to help with those emergencies. yet, even in the face of all of this, a surprisingly high number of americans, about seven in ten
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republicans, say climate change isn't an emergency, even in the face of all of these disasters. how do you go about changing those entrenched attitudes? >> this is, i think, one of the very important steps. i think that's where we prioritize a lot. and you give very specific examples from the u.s. as we show that also in the heart of europe here, in belgium, i was there last month, and we seem displaced because of the climate-related disasters. in germany in australia. the impact of the climate crisis is not only in developing world, it's actually impacting everybody. now wing there are a few things we can do. and one of our calls to the young people has been that they should continue to challenge the leadership, continue to protest, they should also continue to work towards changing the
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mind-set. you know, the young people can play a very, very important role in changing behaviors and bringing science in the front line. and although i know i belong to the red cross, so want to talk about the politics, but it is also very important for the general public to elect the leaders who trust on science and who take action based on science. and i think this is a very important role of a young climate activists are playing and this would continue to play and we strongly support those initiated by the young people. >> we saw a lot of that energy from young people at cop and i'm sure we'll see it going forward. listen. thank you so much for your time, really appreciate it. >> thank you so much for having me. world leaders and activists spent the past several weeks in scotland looking for ways to help alleviate climate change, with the view of this growing problem as seen here on the earth pales in comparison as to
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how it's seen from space, as one astronaut explains. >> we had unbelievable, like sights of entire regions and entire states in the u.s., entire countries covered in smoke and ashes. that was actually pretty painful to watch. >> coming up later this hour, how technology used in space could provide answers to some of the biggest environmental problems facing this planet. members of former president donald trump's inner circle are being put on an notice of a fedl grand jury indicted steve bannon for contempt of congress. it comes after bannon refused to comply with a subpoena investigating the january 6th attack on the u.s. capitol and seeking his cooperation, lawmakers highlighted reports that bannon spoke to trump in the lead up to the riot and they pointed to comments that he made on his podcast the day before. listen to this. >> all hell is going to break lose tomorrow.
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just understand this. all hell is going to break lose tomorrow. it's not going to happen like you think it's going to happen, okay? it's going to be quite extraordinarily different. and all i can say is, strap in. the war room, a posse, you have made this happen and tomorrow it's game day, so strap in. >> bannon's lawyer had argued that he was shielded by former president trump's executive privilege, but that argument didn't hold water with the grand jury. the indictment also sent a clear message to other witnesses who are avoiding testifying, and that includes former trump white house chief of staff, mark meadows, who failed to show up for a deposition on friday, just hours before bannon's indictment was announced. we've got more details from cnn's evan perez. >> podcaster and trump ally steve bannon is set to self-surrender to the fbi on monday, after a grand jury in washington, d.c. indicted him on charges of obstruction of congress. the house committee investigating the january 6th attack on the u.s. capitol has
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sought his testimony for months, in part because bannon was heavily involved in drawing the thousands of trump followers to washington on the false premise of a stolen election. bannon is charged with one count for failing to appear over his deposition, and a second count for refusing to turn over documents that the committee says are key to understanding the capitol riot on january 6th. if convicted, he faces up to a year in prison. the bipartisan committee issued a statement saying that the bannon case is a message to other trump allies that the days of defying subpoenas with immunity are over. attorney general merrick garland called the rare prosecution of this kind a reflection of his promise to adhere to the rule of law. bannon has claimed that he is protected by a claim by former president donald trump, that their communications are shielded by executive privilege, even though trump isn't president anymore. president joe biden says that
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bannon and other trump allies are not shielded by privilege. this is an issue that's being fought over in the u.s. courts, where trump is trying to claim that he still has these powers in perpetuity. a federal judge in recent days rejected that idea saying that presidents are not kings and trump is no longer president. that ruling is now under appeal. evan perez, cnn, washington. >> on saturday, former u.s. attorney preet bharara spoke with cnn about bannon's indictment means for other witnesses and whether former white house chief of staff mark meadows could face the same fate. listen to this. >> the last time someone was indicted by the justice department for criminal contempt of congress was 38 years ago. and there are a lot of witnesses in play here. there's a lot of people who have a lot of different kinds of information, documentary information, communications that could shed light on what happened on january 6th, and also their testimony. and i think that early in the process, and it's pretty early in the process still, to bring a
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criminal indictment against someone who has been defiant of the subpoena should put a little bit of nervousness into the hearts of mind of some of these other witnesses, particularly the ones who are being completely qudefiant, not givin enough respect to the committee to come, engage in some kind of negotiation with parameters about the committee. that's steve bannon and mark meadows. so, yeah, he should be a little bit nervous. >> migrants remain trapped in limbo along the belarusian/polish border and russia is accused of helping drive the crisis. we'll explain what russian president vladimir putin says about the kremlin's role. and leaders across europe are imposing new covid restrictions and pleading with residents to get vaccinated. we'll have a live report on efforts to fight the spread of coronavirus on the continent, coming up. stay with us. cold who's boss, grab mucinexyr all-in-one... and get back to your rhythm. feel the power. beat the symptoms fast.
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it's now mid-morning in eastern europe where thousands of migrants trapped in limbo on the belarusian border with poland, and russia's president is again washing his hands of any responsibility. vladimir putin tells state media his country has nothing to do with the migrants trapped, trying to enter the eu, but the truth is the kremlin is one of
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belarusian leader al alexander lukashenko's only allies, even sending two nuclear-capable bombers to fly near the border, while look shen show is accused of using the migrants to challenge eu sanctions. as the crisis unfolds, much of the attention is focused on the belarusian border with poland, but eu and lithuania member nato is bracing for a migrant influx. poland has responded by sending troops to the border, and that may have led to the death of a polish soldier. an investigation has been launched after a service member has been killed. meanwhile, polish police say the body of a syrian man was found near the border on friday. what killed him wasn't immediately clear, but migrants are braving freezing forests and a lack of food to reach the eu. many are fleeing conflicts in the middle east. for the latest, we're tracking
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this story from london. the eu is meeting tomorrow to talk about this. what kind of measures are their contemplating. >> the eu foreign ministers will be meeting tomorrow for the eu foreign affairs council in brussels and he's been in touch with foreign ministers in poland and lithuania. tomorrow's meeting will be focused on the next steps that the european union needs to take in order to quell this meeting unfolding. we heard from the foreign minister earlier this week saying that these talks will focus on the potential expansion of sanctions on belarus. there are already sanctions on the belarusian government over human rights abuses, but these could be expanded to target companies and individuals that the eu accuses of human trafficking. that is driving this migration crisis on the border. and we heard from the eu representatives of the u.n. security council earlier this week and they've accused belarus of accusing, manufacturing this crisis in order to destabilize the european union's external
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borders and to distract attention away from belarus's own human rights abuses. now, the situation on the ground there is particularly dire, and we've heard from our team on the ground there that on the polish side, people near the border have received text messages, warning them that they won't be committed to move on from poland into germany, as many of these migrants are hoping to do. many these vulnerable refugees making that journey in the hopes of being able to access the european union. they're stranded now on the border, thousands of them in belarus, in these dire conditions, freezing temperatures, desperate shortages in medicine and food and many of these families traveling with many young children, much of them from the middle east and asia. so humanitarian aid groups have been calling for access and immediate action, that will be the focus tomorrow for the european union to really quell this crisis. many of these refugees caught now in the middle of this political standoff, unable to advance into the european union as they hope to do, but also
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unable to return home. kim? >> all right, thank you so much. coming up on "cnn newsroom," young children have been getting their first covid shots. we'll find out what it's doing for overall vaccination numbers in the u.s. plus, in california's barrier report, it shows black students lag behind their peers when it comes to covid-19 vaccinations and we'll talk to an expert about the possible consequences. stay with us. barks it's under the couch. driver or 3-wood? 3-wood. where do i find the right health plan? at healthmarkets. they search many of the nations most recognized carriers so they can help you find the right plan at the right price that's the right fit for you. how long does it take? healthmarkets can help you find a plan in minutes. what if i'm on medicare? healthmarkets can help with that too. i'm self-employed. healthmarkets can help you find a health plan on the government exchange or off.
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it's another day. and anything could happen. it could be the day you welcome 1,200 guests and all their devices. or it could be the day there's a cyberthreat. only comcast business' secure network solutions give you the power of sd-wan and advanced security integrated on our activecore platform so you can control your network from anywhere, anytime. it's network management redefined. every day in business is a big day. we'll keep you ready for what's next. comcast business powering possibilities. welcome back to all of you watching us around the united states, canada, and around the world. i'm kim brunhuber. we have breaking news here.
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buckingham says queen elizabeth ii won't make a public appearance in the next hour as originally planned. it was to be the first time the british monarch was seen in public since doctors advised her to rest after spending a night in hospital last month. our nina desantos is in london and joins us now. so we were just set to talk about how this would have been the queen's first public appearance and what significance that would have, but no this news. what are we to make of it? >> that's right. well, first of all, let's have a look at what the palace has actually said. the queen, having sprained her back, has decided with great regret that she will not be able to attend this morning's remembrance sunday service, is what the release reads. she pearce to have sprained her back and has pulled off really at the last minute. this ceremony will start to take place in almost exactly an hour from now, and presumably she would have been getting ready to get into the motorcade to make
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that journey from buckingham palace, which is quite close to white hall with this remembrance service is taking place. but still, we now know that she will not be taking part in these events. this will be a real disappointment for royal watchers, who were expecting to get a chance to see the 55-year 95-year-old monarch for the first time in two weeks. in mid-october, she was recommended to spend one night in in the hospital for exploratory tests. then she was told it would be best if she spent some time not undertaking those public engagements, especially in public, with concerns about covid-19, as well, as you can imagine around this time of year. but this was supposed to be the first time we've seen her since cop-26 when she gave a virtual address there to the crowd. big zmdisappointment now. this will rekindle concerns
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about her majesty's help. her own son charles tried to allay those concerns when she was doing a walkabout when he was asked by a member of the public when he was asked, how is the queen doing, and she said, she is fine. but we've heard she has sprained her back and will not be taking part these celebrations. this remembrance service was set to attract far more crowds than in years gone by, because, of course, things were curtailed last year by the pandemic and social distancing requirements. the palace has said in their statement that as in years gone by, her son prince charles, will be taking part in that wreath-laying ceremony as they have done in years gone by, trying to play this down. >> thanks so much for staying on top of this breaking news for us. dena desantos in london. and we'll be right back here at cnn"cnn newsroom." and rescued his nose.
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if you live in berlin, you better either have a covid shot or proof of recovery before heading out on the town in the coming days. the german capital is banning the unvaccinated from restaurant, bars, cinemas, and other public venues starting on monday. germany has been especially hard hit with the recent surge of covid infections across europe and hospitals are near capacity in some regions. now, german chancellor angela merkel is addressing vaccine hesitancy, telling those who are skeptical it's time to get the shot. >> translator: difficult weeks lie before us, and as you can see, i am worried. as i'm sure many of you are, too. but let us part from it. a year ago, we were in a similar situation. but back then, we didn't have the most effective means against the virus, the vaccine. now it's here and we must not
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always access it, but quickly. i ask of you, please do it and try to convince your relatives and friends, as well. >> much of the continent is seeing a similar surge in new covid infections. the world health organization says that europe recorded nearly 2 million new cases in the last week alone. and there were nearly 27,000 new deaths from the virus last week, accounting for more than half of the deaths worldwide during that time. for more on the escalating crisis in europe, let's bring in cnn contributor barbie nadeau live from rome. barbie, so germany again making headlines. what's the latest? >> well, it is not just germany that's having a struggle right now. the netherlands have decided that they will institute a three-week partial lockdown. that includes curfews and other restrictions. in austria, they're going to be locking down people who aren't vaccinated. all of this is ahead of what everybody thinks is going to be a pretty brutal winter, fourth wave of the pandemic.
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and people are just tired of it. here in italy, you have about a 90% of people have been vaccinated, at least once, but they're really slow to get the booster campaign going, and that's caused a great deal of concern, as well. it's not just the people who aren't vaccinated, but it's the waning immunity of those who are vaccinated that will start contributing to this as well, kim. >> in terms of the response again, here in the u.s., we're hoping that making those booster shots available to all americans, which could be on the table shortly, will help us going into the winter. is that the hope in europe, as well? >> it depends on the country, because, of course, every country has its own campaign in terms of the first campaign, in terms of the boosters. here in italy, they're not going to start offering the booster shot between 40 and 60 until december. a lot of people have been vaccinated, but it was quite a long time ago. in germany, they have a much
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lower percent of people who have been vaccinated. but you have protests happening across europe that have become superspreader events, no vax protests, those who didn't get vaccinated, spreading it to those who are vaccinated and whose immunity is starting to wane. it's very complicated and not even winter yet. >> we'll keep an eye on that situation. barbie nadeau, thanks so much. china is making progress in getting its young people immunized against covid-19. officials say they vaccinated half the child population, age 3 to 11. that's more than 80 million people. asia is hoping to vaccinate all children in this age group by the end of the year. the u.s. is also making progress in getting younger children vaccinated. since emergency use of the pfizer vaccine was authorized for children 5 to 11, nearly a million kids have received a dose. that's helping to drive up overall vaccination records, a 62% increase compared to a month
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ago. but several school districts in northern california say they'll defy the governor's vaccine mandate consider students. districts who don't comply with the order risk reducing millions of dollars in state funding. tyrone howard is a professor of education and the director of the black male institute at ucla and he joins me from los angeles. thanks so much for being here with us. so vaccine mandates in schools. almost every physician i've spoken with on this program has told me, you know, it's a great idea to fight covid, especially the rising numbers in kids, but we've never talked about the effect it might have on students, especially students of different races. s so i just want to use some statistics as an example. the mercury news analyzed county health department data, and in the area, at least all students had one shot. when it comes to african-american students, that number drops to 52%. and the numbers are similar for latino students. so are we facing a scenario
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here, if those numbers don't improve fast, a disproportionate number of black and brown students will be shut out of their schools later this fall or early next year when the vaccine mandates kick in. >> that is precisely the fear, that is precisely the concern. part of what we know is that many black adults, many latino adults had a vaccination hesitancy because of safety concerns, because of the quickness with which the vaccine was created, and also because of a long and ugly history of medical racism in our country. so if the adults have that type of hesitancy, it doesn't surprise that they would be hesitant to have their children vaccinated. and i think there are self-consequences that could come with that, as schools across the country start to move towards a mandate of saying that students cannot come to school unless they've been vaccinated, that could bode very unfavorably for black and brown children. let me be clear about why that's
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also troubling. these are also the very students who are also academically behind because of the pandemic. you take a group of students who are already struggling and behind academically, and if they're not allowed in schools, given an alternative that may not rise to the level and caliper of regular instruction, it could be really, really, really troubling >> and not just in the short-term, in the longer term, as well. and this might grow even larger when they include younger kids, when the fda approves vaccines for younger kids. looking down the road, what might happen? >> the consequences could be really, really devastating, especially when you talk about our younger children. that's the foundation of our educational development. they don't get those core literacy and numeralsy skills, they really struggle for the rest of their kids. as we already have achievement gaps or opportunity gaps that have been in place for decades affecting black and brown
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students, i think you can see those gaps get even wider. i think that ultimately has life-long consequences. lower employment opportunities, higher unemployment rates, and a host of other negative indices that we have, that at least children don't have a high school education. that's why we've got to figure out a way to address this problem in a real, real fashion. because if not, you'll see our most vulnerable students become even further marginalized. >> it's not like the kids will be kicked out of school, but they'll be moved to online schooling and we already know about the effect that not going to in-person schooling has disproportionately on black and brown students. >> the data has been clear. there's been study after study that has shown that overwhelmingly, online learning did not work for most students. there's a small number of students that it did not work for, but overwhelmingly, the
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kind of academic support that students get from school staff and the ability to interact with your peers, the social dynamic contributes to school and learning. so while students will have that alternative, we know that the benefits that come from being in person are not going to be there. you're talking about, again, separate, but unequal, which is a long history we've dealt with in this country. but that could be very well that same thing. >> for the last minute that we have here, let's get the important thing, which is how to turn this around. >> is it about access to vaccines for the kids? they are available in pharmacies, doctor's office, drive-throughs, mobile clinics. is it giving the kids access, or do you have to work through the parents to get them onboard. what can be done here? >> i think we have to take a three-pronged approach. number one, we have to continue to educate parents about the benefits of the vaccine and lower their fears and decrease their anxiety. as you increase education, you can begin to see more parents
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are willing of their children vaccinated. the second thing is access. we're still seeing lots of parts of our country, we're seeing that black and brown families still don't have the kind of access to the vaccine that they deserve. these are parents who want their children to have access, but can't get the vaccination. and the third part, we have to begin to think really creatively in schools about what will it mean and what will it look like if you still have parents who are educated about the vaccine, have access to the vaccine, but still don't want their children to have the vaccination. schools will have to figure out some in-person alternative, that give students the benefits of in-person school welcome but without the alternative of the online format. >> it's a big problem and not a lot of time to turn around. really appreciate your insights, dr. tyrone howard. thank you so much. >> thank you. severe storms unleashed high winds and hail on the new york city area saturday. have a look at this. this is the long island
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community of levittown. the winds toppled a massive tree, nearly cutting this home in half. the area had been under an unusual tornado warning at the time. despite the advanced warning, the ferocity of the storm really rattled nerves. take a look at this as a driver got a little too close to the storm. >> we're in it! we're in a tornado! we're in it! video, video, video, holy [ bleep ]! holy [ muted ]. we're in it right now. just crossed the highway. lots of leaves in it. right in front of us. look at all of these leaves. look at all of these leaveses.
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oh, [ muted ]. right here. crossing the road right in front of us, right in front of us, tornado on the ground. tornado. we're in the debris. lots of debris oh, my god. >> for weeks, climate change has been on the agenda at the cop-26 summit in scotland, but when it comes to problems on earth, could some of the answers be found in outer space? that's next. stay with us.
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as experts and activists look for way to stop climate change here on earth, astronauts have been getting a unique and disturbing view of the problem from space. now there's hope that some of the technology used out there could lead to some solutions down here. michael holmes has more. >> a view with a purpose. scientists say data collected from satellites and the international space station could provide insight and potential solutions to some of
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the planet's most critical problems, like climate change. nasa recently revealed cutting edge imagery from its land sat 9 satellite, part of a joint program with the u.s. geological survey, which has captured images of the earth's surface for nearly 50 years. but experts say the details with this latest technology of coastlines and forest canopies could help officials track extreme climate events like wildfires, melting glaciers, and tropical deforestation. european space agency astronaut who just returned from the international space station as part of nasa's space-x crewed 2 mission said he saw first hand how urgent the climate crisis has become. >> we had unbelievable, like sights of entire regions, entire states in the u.s., entire countries covered in smoke and ashes. that was actually pretty painful to wash.
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>> reporter: the biden administration wants to increase nasa's budget in 2022 by $1.5 billion. nasa administrator bill nelson says he imagines the agency will one day have a command center to monitor key data like sea levels and toxic emissions. >> we are exploring the idea of a climate mission control, just like you've seen in the launch s and since you've seen since the old apollo days. a mission control for climate change. >> reporter: nasa says many innovations that were designed for space flight have already helped reduce energy consumption back on earth, like allowing machinery like escalators and elevators to power down when not in use, or upturning the ends of airplane wings to reduce fuel usage, which reduces co2 emissions. astronauts on the iss grew hatch-ringed chilies from seeds
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in space. the experiment not only providing fresh food from the crew, but showing ways vegetables can grow where there is limited water, which can be useful as heat waves increasingly damage crops back on earth. researchers hope the sky isn't the limit. how space can help the study and mitigation of the effects of climate change. one recent space traveler says the stakes couldn't be higher for what could be learned from this final frontier. >> but until you're up there and you see the blackness, the starkness. in that moment is blackness and death. in this moment down here, as we look down was life and nurturing. >> michael holmes, cnn. and finally, this year's rockefeller center christmas tree arrived in new york city saturday morning. it's a 12-ton norway spruce that's 74 feet tall. it will be topped with a massive
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swarovski crystal star. the official lighting ceremony takes place december 1st. this year's tree travelled from elkton, maryland. it was donated by a couple who said it stood in their yard for 85 years. after it was cut down, a baby tree was planted in the same spot. that wraps this our of "cnn newsroom." i'll be back in just a moment. please do stay with us. air wick air wick scented oils are infused with natural essential oils to create authentic seasonal scents that fill your home with holiday spirit all season long.
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welcome to all of you watching us here in the united states, canada, and around the world. i'm kim brunhuber. this is "cnn newsroom." the deal is done, but not everyone is thrilled with the cop-26 climate agreement. and just when europe thought it could return to normal, it's scrambling to fight back against the fourth wave of the pandemic. and dozens are dead after a prison riot in ecuador. it's the same place where more than 100 were killed just weeks ago.


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