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tv   This Is Life With Lisa Ling  CNN  November 7, 2021 7:00pm-8:00pm PST

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>> you started to see ferocious anger grow across the globe. >> the monarchy in britain was on the knife edge. >> 2 and a half billion people tuned in. >> william's thinking, why are they crying but i can't? >> it's just such a reminder of what has been lost here. >> diana, whose beauty, both internal and external, will never be extinguished from our minds. this is the start of another violent weekend in chicago. >> 55 people were shot over the weekend. nearly a dozen people died from those shootings. >> the numbers are so staggering. 74 people shot. six murders. >> chicago is in the headlines almost every week and all too often, it's bad news. >> the number of people shot is already surpassed this time last year. >> reporter: the number of people losing their lives is impossible to fathom.
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but if you go back 100 years to a hot-summer day on the shores of lake michigan, you might begin to understand. >> he and four of his friends decided to go to the beach along with everyone else. they were ordinary kids. >> black kids? >> black kids. yes, black kids. >> reporter: what happened to a 17-year-old named eugene williams started a chain of events that led from rocks to riots. >> they drove into bronzeville and they opened fire. >> reporter: to promises broken, again and again. >> every family that wants to stay in the community will stay in this community. >> i don't see the black people. where we at? >> reporter: do you think things have gotten a lot better in the last 100 years? >> where there's poverty, there's usually high rates of violence. >> reporter: tonight, i'll meet people who have lived that story. >> every day, risk our lives. >> reporter: and are trying to change the ending. >> we have a new brother. how long you been here? >> i have been here for three or four weeks now.
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>> we have to make killing not cool again. ♪ >> reporter: i have always loved chicago. there is a lot to love. the incredible skyscrapers, the hotdogs, wrigley field and baseball. but there are two chicagos. the one filled with beautiful neighborhoods, parks, glamorous shops, and let's be honest, mostly white people. and there's the other side. the one that breaks my heart.
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>> the number of children dying this year, like nothing that we have endured in recent memory. >> 15 people were shot at a funeral home on the city's south side. >> reporter: in 2020, chicago experienced a 50% increase in gun-related shootings. and in 2021, it's up even higher. over the last decade, there have been over 1,200 people shot in this southside neighborhood, alone. >> if you grow up in this neighborhood, do you feel like you have to have a gun? >> yeah, unfortunately, you are guilty by association. you know, if somebody comes down the street shooting, they're not going to say, oh, he's not a part of that group and give him a pass. >> reporter: 46-year-old curtis was born and raised not far from here. >> do they know we're coming? >> yeah. they know we're coming. but they don't know this car. they're probably securing the block on this end. >> reporter: not so long ago, curtis was a high-ranking member of the one of the biggest gangs in chicago. but now, he leads a very different life.
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trying to help those who are still involved with gangs find alternatives to violence. because of his earned respect on the streets, he's trusted. making it safe for my crew and me to come on the block. hi. >> how you doing? >> i'm lisa. nice to meet you. >> it's estimated there are over 100,000 gang members in chicago. but what once were a few big organizations are now hundreds of rival clicks who fight to protect small bits of territory they call home. have you guys seen a lot of violence in your life? >> yeah. >> that's the norm. >> it's the norm in this community. that's really throughout chicago, though. you know, nowadays, it's becoming more common. 14, 15. and this is what's sparking the violence. immediately, we're running to the guns. we only see one route. so once you one, two years in, you done did some dirt. now, you stuck. >> it's hard to overcome blood shed. ain't no turning back after that.
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>> what happens if you see a car that you don't recognize? >> you get on point. >> what does that mean you get on point? >> you get on guard. you got to know because anybody can just come out shooting. >> have a lot of people been shot in this neighborhood? >> yeah, i was shot. >> looked at like -- liquor stores, churches, and funeral homes. things like that, that's the path you see. >> what do you want people to know about the people who see what is going on in chicago and they're like it's just gang violence? it's black-on-black crime? >> people don't have no other options. everybody, they broke. lose their house, lights cut off. they got to eat. they got to feed their kids. what would you do? >> reporter: i'm struck by how trap these men sound, how hopeless. but curtis tells me you can't understand what's happening in chicago today, without considering all that's come before. so many people are getting shot and killed on a regular basis. what do you attribute that to?
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>> slavery, racism, segregation, separation. wherever in the world that you go where there is poverty, there's usually high rates of violence. >> reporter: but chicago wasn't always like this. in fact, over 100 years ago, it was considered the promise land. chicago was the first city to package and ship refrigerated meat around the entire country. it was a brand new industry that needed a workforce of thousands to man the stockyards. at first, those jobs were killed with european immigrants from across the atlantic. but a labor shortage during world war i created an opening for people in the south. in what would become known as the great migration, southern families only one generation from slavery flocked north where they found better way, better housing, and more opportunity. for a brief moment, chicago
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really was the promise land but it wouldn't last. >> world war i changed the dynamics a lot in chicago and in cities across the north. >> reporter: author claire hartfield has written about this critical time period in chicago history. >> what was the environment like when soldiers started returning back from world war i? >> well, there was tremendous tension because people were coming back and saying where is my job? i want my job back. and it was last hired, first fired. so, many black people lost their jobs in the factories, and they were given back to people who had been there before. at that point, people had settled and formed a new home here. and all these black soldiers had gone off to war, too, right? and they had a new sense of entitlement, really, to fair treatment when they came back to the united states.
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>> we fought for this country. we refuse to be treated as second-class citizens anymore. >> absolutely and they said no and we are going to demand our rights. >> reporter: these waters really tell a story, right? >> really do. one of the challenging things i think is that there are no markers out there. it looks so serene, and yet there are dangers. >> reporter: america's south had strict jim crow laws. chicago had something else. invisible lines. and on a hot-summer day in 1919, one of those lines was crossed. >> on july 27th, which was a sunday, there was a young man -- 17 years old -- whose name was eugene williams. and he and four of his friends decided to go to the beach along with everyone else. they were ordinary kids. >> black kids? >> black kids. yes, black kids.
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there were two beaches that were informally segregated sitting up right against one another. and they were not trying to rile up anybody in the white community. and so, they went to the black beach like most black people did. they got their raft. they pushed out into the water and they were having fun. what they didn't notice was that the currents were carrying their raft south of where they were and it went over this invisible line, which extended all the way out into the water. so, they were now in the waters outside of the white beach. a white, young man saw them and he was furious. he got a pile of rocks and he began heaving them at the boys. one of them hit eugene on the head so hard that he was knocked off the raft. and in the end, he died. he drowned. his friends swam as fast as they could back to the beach.
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pointed out this guy who had killed their friend to a white policeman. and the white policeman wouldn't arrest him. someone in the crowd drew a gun and fired it. the crowd's black and white rushed away from the beach, back to their neighborhoods. and the gangs -- they went to their clubhouse, they got their guns, they got into their cars, they sped into the black neighborhoods, started shooting and that was the beginning. it blew up right there. >> reporter: in america, people hear the word gangs, and more often than not, think young black men. but the gangs that claire is referring to here, the most powerful gangs in chicago, who started the 1919 riot, were white. and what was the role of these social athletic clubs in that riot? >> they drove into brownsville and they opened fire. they invented the drive-by shooting.
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>> reporter: john is a professor and expert on the history of gang culture in chicago. both, black and white. what are the origins of gangs in this city? >> gangs have been around since the -- you know, the 19th century. they created what they called social athletic clubs, which were basically gangs that were aimed to help irish politicians
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get power. >> reporter: with names like reagan's colts, the canary bunch and the hamburgs, these clubs were originally places where boys could play sports and get off the streets. but then, local politicians began to use them for their own purposes. >> sometimes, it takes more than just votes to win. sometimes, you have to go in and intimidate the other candidate. you need to burn down their polling place, steal the ballots, right? >> reporter: the irish had powerful motivation for trying to gain a political-upper hand. when they first arrived in america, they were considered the undesirables. >> there were people -- white people, primarily -- who would call them white negroes because that was a sign of this is your place on the pecking order, and so they made great efforts to separate themselves from the lowest of the low on that totem pole, which were black people. >> reporter: to enforce that separation, the social athletic clubs were used as muscle to
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drive out any blacks who dare settle in white neighborhoods. >> in the months before 1919, there were 24 bombings of black homes who went on the wrong side of the line. >> reporter: and what was the role of these social athletic clubs in that riot? >> except for the social athletic clubs, the riot would have only lasted a day or so. and what they did was perpetuate it and they invented the drive-by shooting. they drove into brownsville and they opened fire. now, one of the problems was that in the black community, a lot of the men had returned from the military and they were armed. and so, they were shooting back at the cars and largely because the police weren't going to defend them. the police were on the other side. all those clubs bragged about the fact that they had police members in them.
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>> the mayor refused to call the national guard to help settle people down for an entire week. 37 people ended up dead. two-thirds of them were black, and over 500 people were brutally injured. in addition to that, there is a lot of property damage. so, people who barely can afford the homes they're living in, many of them, their homes were either bombed out or burned to the ground. >> reporter: the trauma of the riot of 1919 deeply affected the lives of many people in chicago and there are still some who will never forget. so, as you can probably imagine, there aren't a lot of people still alive today to give us a firsthand account of what happened in 1919. but we did find a woman in the
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suburbs of chicago who is now almost 110 years old and she's agreed to talk to me on one condition, that i bring her a caramel macchiato with extra caramel. so let's go meet her. >> hi. >> hi. ms. juanita, i brought you your drink with extra caramel. >> thank you so much. >> you're welcome. >> you're sweet. >> you're welcome. >> reporter: ms. juanita mitchell was just 7 years old at the time of the riots in 1919. but she has never forgotten the terror. >> ms. juanita, what do you remember about the race riot? >> race riot. all the sudden, we're in the living room and i heard them say, here they come. and when they says here they come, it meant the white people
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were running down the road coming this way. coming towards. >> towards your house, around other homes? >> yeah. >> and that was scary for you? >> yeah. >> reporter: mary, what has your mother talked about over the years with regard to -- to the riot of 1919? >> coming from the south to here, she used to talk about thinking that you -- coming to chicago and things were different or should be different. that there was more of an openness or an acceptance and that wasn't what she found. so, do you think we can live wherever we want to now? >> not really. they still don't want blacks around the whites. >> reporter: ms. juanita, do you think things have gotten a lot better in the last hundred years? >> no. worse.
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i'm still afraid to go up, go places, and to do things. we're not free. >> we're not free. >> reporter: what changed for the city of chicago after that race riot of 1919? >> violence would intensify. >> things got worse? >> things got worse, absolutely. >> reporter: in the face of continued hostility, something had to give. young-black men began to join forces and push back. >> people started feeling a sense of pride because they knew what they was. they know there was a mass race of peoples that was coming into power and they knew the only way they could continue to come into power. ♪ dad, why didn't you answer your phone?
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>> reporter: after the riot of 1919, the governor of illinois appointed a commission to investigate why the city had exploded into violence. >> that report looked at every facet of public life in chicago. so, it looked at the criminal justice system. it looked at employment. it looked at housing. it looked at schools. >> reporter: the conclusion was unequivocal. the root cause of the riots? racial injustice. it was all typed up in 650
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pages. and it changed nothing. remember the irish boys from the white gangs? the ones who invented the drive-by shootings. they grew up to become policemen and powerful politicians. one member of the hamburg club, richard j.daly, became mayor and held the office for 21 years. >> i thank the people of chicago for their vote of confidence in my public record. >> reporter: in city hall, daly passed new housing laws to keep blacks in their place. >> there is a system called redlining which draws a red line around the community that's primarily black. and the banks won't lend money to them. you can tell when you cross certain streets, that you've changed neighborhoods. there are still these invisible lines, and you know them when you hit them. >> reporter: over time, the lines around where black people could live got tighter and tighter. and in the wake of continued violence, black men began to
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form their own gangs for protection. >> they needed the strength in dealing with the conflict with whites. and so, in order to have numbers, they started to affiliate. >> reporter: like the social athletic clubs, they identified by names. the most prominent were the vice lords. a group of boys who first met in reform school. >> for everything that happens, there has to be a reason. >> reporter: in this groundbreaking documentary from 1970, they tell their own story of what drove them to join forces. >> 50 guys can find much better ways of dealing with problems than two or three. >> reporter: it wasn't long before a show of force to protect their neighborhoods turned into something bigger. a shot at equality in one of the only worlds they could get a foot in the door. >> the illegal economy was largely dominated by white gangsters. you know, the drugs in the neighborhoods, prostitution, and gambling. and as the gangs got stronger,
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they thought, why should all this money be going to the white man, right? >> the white man normally was lord of all vice. so we just took they title. you know? instead of the syndicate of the mafia, you know, we just wanted to be vice lords. >> what's your problem? >> reporter: in the film, "the vice lords" even re-created their own descent into violence. >> we was being abused so badly by the white society, we took it out on the closest thing near us which was our black brothers. >> reporter: but in 1965, all that changed. >> the things that we're doing to each other, we can't have it no more. >> reporter: bobby gore, the leader of the vice lords, had an epiphany. >> they were sitting around talking one night. and the kids came up to 'em and said, you know, bobby, bobby, you got to get us guns. we're fighting with so and so. and they said, what? what are we doing? this isn't the legacy wae want o
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leave. >> if we ain't got no jobs and ain't got no food coming from nowhere -- no place, this is frustration, jack. if we don't live like we do now, then the little things that we killing each other for wouldn't amount to a grain of salt. >> reporter: the lords decided to put the guns down, and pitch in to help their communities. they changed their name to the conservative vice lords and built legitimate businesses to get kids off the streets. >> in all sorts of places where kids could come. they call them drop-ins where they could make money in a legitimate way and they got involved with politics. >> reporter: in 1965, martin luther king came to chicago to fight for better housing and access to better neighborhoods. >> we come bearing a message that chicago can change. and we're going to change it nonviolently. >> reporter: the conservative
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vice lords threw their weight into the cause. >> when dr. king came to chicago, he moved in a few blocks from the house of lords. and he regularly was in the clubhouse with the vice lords and they were his body guards. this was all part of a thrust of civil rights, of human rights, of the need to give an equal break to the black community. and the gangs were part of that effort. >> reporter: but the chicago freedom march in late 1966 showed just how resistant the city was to change. when king and hundreds of supporters marched peacefully through all-white neighborhoods, they were met with angry crowds who threw bottles and rocks. striking dr. king on the head.
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>> i have been in many demonstrations out across the south but i can say that i have never seen -- even in mississippi and alabama -- mobs as hostile and as hate filled as i have seen in chicago. >> reporter: two years later, dr. king was assassinated. fueled by anguish, rioters set fire to the west side of chicago. >> the fury was just too great. they couldn't stop the anger. lawndale burned. and that's when gave his infamous order saying -- >> shoot to kill any arsonist or anyone with a molotov cocktail in their hand in chicago because they're potential murderers. >> you know, we could riot back in 1990. you can't riot today. don't think that the police are going to be on your side or that they are not going to come down
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on you. they are going to shoot you. some things don't change. >> reporter: after the riot, daly declared a war on gangs and prosecutors sent many chicago gang leaders to prison on questionable charges. locked out of a legitimate path to progress, the gangs turned back to the underworld. >> ak-47. >> yeah, ak-47 here. >> reporter: for many people, hopes for the end of discrimination, for a seat at the table, had died with king. but for blacks in chicago, the battle wasn't over. now, they had to fight to hold onto the only home they have left. >> i miss the community values. i miss the feeling of knowing my neighbor. i miss the realness of the hood. c'mon him? oo, i like him! nooooo... noooo... noooo... quick, the quicker picker upper!
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if you fly over certain parts of chicago today, the landscape looks very different. the national public housing museum tries to preserve some of that history by presenting artifacts donated by its former residents. by 1940, the few neighborhoods black people were allowed to live in chicago were vastly overcrowded. and the city offered a solution. public housing for low-income families. they were meant to be temporary. a place for families to live while their economic circumstances improved.
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but for black families trapped by redlining and job discrimination, they became permanent homes. this is the world 27-year-old shaq was born and raised in. >> hey, y'all, what's the word? hey, hey. >> reporter: the housing projects on the near north side of chicago, a 70-acre complex of row houses and towers that held 15,000 people. as a lifetime resident, he's witnessed a lot of change. what was it like to grow up here? >> it was a community full of tight-knit people who knew each other. you didn't have to be blood to be blood in cabrini. >> what is your favorite memory? >> the community block parties. the barbecues. my favorite moments because everybody was there. on every block, everybody came out. >> reporter: inside, community was everything. it had to be because long before shaq was born, the city all but abandoned the housing projects.
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to save money, they cut back on services and maintenance. playgrounds were paved over, trash went uncollected, and broken lights and elevators stayed broken. by the 1990s, the neglected towers had become homes to a dangerous underground economy. >> and no place was worse than cabrini green. it became a symbol of concentrated poverty and neglect. gangs ruled entire buildings, residents were tare errorized b violence. >> they seize guns, drugs, and make arrests in the biggest public housing project in the united states. >> reporter: but instead of cleaning up the projects and making them safer like the residents had hoped, the new mayor -- another daley -- saw the chance to make a lucrative development deal. and in 1999, took control of the chicago housing authority and announced what he called a total plan for transformation. >> the last of the notorious high rises are coming down next
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month to make way for new row houses, mixed-income apartments, and multimillion-dollar condos. >> reporter: what was communicated to you all, the residents of cabrini green about what was going to happen? >> they were telling us this is your community and this is how it's going to look. and people -- they reacted very negative. >> they showed these beautiful plans of like these new buildings and new units. did that seem appealing at all? >> no, because you knew you weren't going to be able to afford it. >> so, you knew that? >> yeah, we knew. the way the neighborhood looked. it looked too rich and vibrant. but then, also, it looked like a lot of white people were going to be there. it looked very white. and i don't see the black people. where we at? >> reporter: shaq was featured in a film called "70 acres in chicago" which told the story of residents from the area. >> it's my playground because i play in it. i stay in it. and i live in it and it's home to me. and it's -- it's precious from
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right here. >> look at you. >> chucky. superhusky. >> this is the largest transformation in public housing world. no one else wanted to tackle this issue because it's very complex and is very difficult. >> reporter: at a school presentation of the plan, shaq and his friends gathered their nerve to confront the mayor about the impending loss of their home. >> i was just wondering how do you think we feel about the community like the building being torn down? >> well, i think, you know, there is a lot of sentiment here, let's be realistic of public high rising. but in the long run, public high rises will be taken down all over the country. we can't live in the past. thank you. >> now, let's turn our attention
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to the building behind us and let the redevelopment begin. >> when that thing hit the brick, it hit my heart. you know? >> reporter: it's amazing, you were only 11 years old when all of this was happening. but yet, all the kids -- they knew what was going on. like, did you -- did you understand how -- how rooted in racism it was at that time? >> we really didn't. we just knew that they were taking away from us. and we knew mayor daley was, um, the founding father of the change. >> let me be absolutely clear about this. every family that wants to stay in the community will stay in this community, regardless of their income or age.
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>> reporter: but that wasn't what happened. the plan for transformation tore down the majority of buildings that shaq knew. and it permanently displaced a majority of its 15,000 residents, who had built their lives inside these towers. can you talk about when the buildings started coming down? what started to happen in the community? >> generations of people. now, you have to go somewhere and rebuild everything and be comfortable inside of a place that you weren't invited to, you were forced to. that is a lot to deal with for anyone.
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from 1995 to 2011, almost two dozen public housing structures were torn down. thousands of people were forced to relocate to neighborhoods where they didn't know anyone, including gang members whose turf had been in cabrini towers. 46-year-old curtis toller wasn't
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born in the projects. but as a former-gang member, he saw what came next. when the housing projects started to get torn down, how did that affect chicago with respect to gang activity? >> you have to think about folks being displaced, and they were already gang involved. and now, they have to fight the gang that's already in the community or join up. now, you just have this unregulated chaos with no structure. >> reporter: this is the world curtis was born into. >> my mom was 15, going on 16, when she had me and my dad was about 16 years of age. so, they were really, really young. >> can you talk about some of the things you saw as a boy that kind of paved that path for you? >> yeah. it was another man that was in my mother's life at the time. he probably was a pimp or a drug dealer or a combination of both.
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just to be quite frank, he would beat the shit out of my mother. he was also physically abusive towards me, as well. >> when did you join a gang? >> i probably was 9. >> wow. what was it about gang life that appealed to you? >> family and -- and -- and toughness. i just felt the sense of security. i felt that i could get away from home, from the verbal and physical abuse. that was going on. >> reporter: curtis's commitment to gang life grew even stronger after he experienced an even deeper trauma. >> i lost my mom. i was 17. and she was killed by my s step dad. i was already on this trajectory of -- of being a bad-ass. you know? and that just was the icing on the cake. it changed me, right? went from me picking up a stick, bottle, knife, to guns. >> reporter: by now, curtis had
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risen through the ranks and was making a name for himself. >> the more violent that i became, you know, i would -- i would move up. >> reporter: the higher he climbed, the more he got arrested. curtis spent the next 18 years in and out of jail. and served hard time in prison for a gun charge. on the streets, the beefs between rival gangs continued and the homicides climbed. do you think you became desensitized to violence at a certain point? >> yeah. when i think about how many of my friends were killed. >> do you even have a count? >> my best friend was a twin and he and his twin brother were both killed. you know? so, yeah. the guys who i was involved with in the street culture are gone. >> when did you finally decide
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that you had had enough? >> when i first started getting thoughts of change was when my son was born because i thought that i was about to get killed. or i thought that i was going to get so much time that i would never see the light of day again. i think it was maybe 3rd grade, and he was singing this song by chicago. and i just broke down and i was like what is wrong with me? i want to do something different. you know, i want to be here for him. and so, from that point on, i was like, man, i'm done. >> reporter: like bobby gore in the '60s, curtis had an epiphany and dedicated himself to carrying out the vice lords' vision of a violence-free world where blacks could have access to the system and thrive. >> we don't make promise to them. only thing we do promise them
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that you going to get a high school diploma, not no ged. >> reporter: this is cred. an outreach program primarily led by ex-gang members, dedicated to providing alternatives to gun violence. and it's having great success. >> 13 killed and 42 wounded over the shooting, and we did not have one shooting or homicide. the first thing they need, the young guys, is to deal with the trauma. the second thing they need is a way out of the illegal economy. they need their high school diploma, and to be able to provide them with the necessary resources they have been lacking for so long. >> we have a new brother. how long you have been here? >> i have been here for three or four weeks now. >> i was able to sit down with a group of young men involved in the program, and hear what it's like out on the streets.
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>> incarcerated for maybe six months where i was at the wrong place at the wrong time, and got myself into an incident. >> all you guys know that if you don't succeed in the program, you fall off, we're still not closing the door on you. we know what is going on in the streets. >> could i ask you guys if you could raise your hand if you have seen someone get killed. would you share how old you were the first time you saw somebody get killed? >> i was 13, the first time for me seeing somebody shot or killed, somebody die. it was scary. >> i was 9-year-old, and i knew something was going to happen, three or four guys were sitting outside and they shot everybody. >> somebody getting shot every day. that's what i grew up with. >> some people chose to be in a gang for survival, and some had
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peer pressure into doing this. >> it's in our dna to want to be part of something. gangs are not going anywhere, and i think what we have to do is to change the mind-set. >> do you feel like you are making an impact? >> when you get that phone call from a young man who is, like, i am just calling you because i'm about to go hurt somebody, and you go over there and everybody is getting their guns ready and they allow you to have that conversation, and then they do something different, that's when you know you are having an impact. >> like barbie gore, curtis is fighting for change one kid at a time. for him, the young boy that lost his life on the shores of lake michigan in 1919 still matters. >> i think about eugene, right, and what happened to him, and when you think about all of those other people that made those sacrifices for us to do
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better, that's one of the motivating forces that always drive me. with voltaren arthritis pain gel. my husband's got his moves back. an alternative to pills, voltaren is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory gel for powerful arthritis pain relief. voltaren, the joy of movement. after 40 wrinkles deepen and skin can get uneven but here's the good news. new revitalift retinol night cream, the first pressed cream by l'oreal. a hygienic jar containing two derm recommended ingredients retinol + niacinamide pressed into a deep moisturizing night cream. this is genius. after 14 nights wrinkles start to be less visible and skin tone looks more even. i can keep this right? new revitalift retinol pressed cream by l'oreal paris don't stress, press, because we're worth it.
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♪ [laughing and giggling] (woman) hey dad. miss us? (vo) reflect on the past, celebrate the future. season's greetings from audi. ♪ lisa here, has had many jobs. she's worked in retail during the holidays. as a barista during rush hour. and a nanny to a couple of rambunctious kids. now, all that experience has led her to a job that feels like home. with home instead, you too can become a caregiver to older adults, with a career that makes a difference. ♪ apply today. ♪
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100 years after he died, there's still very little known about eugene williams, the boy
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whose murder started the 1919 race riot. we know he was 17, that he just graduated from high school and was enjoying a day at the beach with his friends when he was killed. and there's only one remaining image of him. but today he's being remembered by people who want to make sure his death wasn't in vain. >> we develop rituals. >> some elders from the bronzeville historical society invited me to take part in a ceremony at the marker that represents eugene williams. >> thousands and thousands of people who face pain because of lynching, because of racism, and so for all of them we say ashea. >> ashea means be with us, an
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invitation for the ancestors to be with them for the celebration. >> we recognize the tragic death of eugene williams, yet few have heard his name. >> in the last ten years, black americans have witnessed more terrible losses and felt incredible outrage. they've also seen some evidence that maybe times are changing. >> a former police officer, derek chauvin, guilty on all three counts. >> this nation, 100 years later is responding to the murder of george floyd in ways in which we should have responded to the death of eugene williams. >> but it's not enough. in chicago, there's still a question of home. people can't thrive if they are forever denied a place to put down roots. >> so where are we now?
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>> you don't recognize this? this is the new neighborhood. >> is this kind of the invisible line up ahead? >> yeah, the invisible boundary of rich, the middle class and section 8 folks. which you know is going to change. >> why didn't they put the starbucks on the other side of the street? >> i am a dunkin' donuts kind of guy anyway. >> what do you want the community to know here? >> even though we struggle, we're still striving for better because we are here. this place is worth the fight. >> chicago is a perfect example of why knowing history matters, and how what happened 100 years ago has everything to do with what's going on today. sadly, it seems like history is repeating itself and i hope it doesn't take another 100 years for things to change, because
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there are already too many eugene williams, and to shaq, we give the last word. >> shout-out to my city. we got to do better. we won't survive if we don't. i want to see your child grow. i want to see you do better. you can do better. ♪ marriage offers stability. >> diana is in a loveless marriage and really is living a lie. >> for many of these marriages, reality fails to live up to expectations. >> here you have her husband,


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