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tv   Jerusalem City of Faith and Fury  CNN  July 25, 2021 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT

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belt. >> i forgot to my bird. >> oh my god, where is your bird? >> next stop is the moon . jerusalem is the universal city, the chosen city, the holy city. that's its blessing, but it also gives it its danger and its ugliness too, because it means that people believe that they must possess it absolutely. >> the palestinian/israeli conflict that we are experiencing today, you've seen it experienced in jerusalem for
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thousands of years. >> for the jews, jerusalem is wear solomon built the holy temple. >> for christians, this is the place where jesus was crucified. >> for muslims, jerusalem is where the prophet muhammed made the night journey. >> people who are said to have conquered the world swept through this city. >> no other individual changed the landscape in the way herod the great did. >> saladin was determined to take on the christians and throw them out of jerusalem. >> at a time of ottoman/islamic rule, the british badly wanted to control the holy land. >> the main case of the arabs is against the british government policy in palestine. >> we are the only people in the world homeless and stateless. >> for israelis, the creation of the state of israel is seen as a
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miracle. and of course for the palestinians, it's a great disaster. >> the history of jerusalem, a very complicated story. and if you don't know it in its complexity, it's very hard to understand what's going on there today. >> the past is never dead. and if there is a city in the world to which that applies, it's jerusalem. ♪
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empire trying to swallow as much planet around them as possible. the parthenons for the descendants of the persians. what you can see is the natural meeting place of conflicts between these two powers is the land where jerusalem sits.
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>> the jerusalem is ruled by the hazmanens. what revolts in 160 bc commemorated the holiday of hanukkah. over the course of time, they expanded their size of kingdom by conquering people around them who were not jewish. >> they ruled the big kingdom for about 150 years. they are faced with the new enemy. a native of palestine who claims the holy city for himself.
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harrid. >> i think harrid would have been one of those people would have been terrifying to be both friends or enemies with. >> if you were his enemy, he was ruthless and he held a grudge and he was scheming and even if you were his friend, you never knew where you stood. >> he was always going for that role of a hero. >> he deserves the reputation of cruelty that he gets because he w wants what he wants and he's willing to do and kill whoever he needs to to get whatever he wants. >> harrid's the great grandfather on his father side was converted to judaism.
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>> harrid's mother was not a jewish. >> he's this fascinating hybrid. harrid was not regisarded by th full jew. for the hasmoneans, he's a royalty, he's an up star. >> the hasmoneans, called him half breed and i think this eats at him. >> i think harrid the great realizes the only way he's only going to be able to be accepted as really jewish is he takes jerusalem and sets himself up on
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the throne of david. he understands the key to the crown, the throne of jerusalem is rome. >> the romans want to control the entire mediterranean. and, they needed an ally, they need a king in jerusalem. >> he was reversed and his alliance has helped advances to serious conditions in his career. >> the romans were extremely arrogant and they think they can appoint to anyone they like. so, they decided that herod is going to be that person.
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and he said to him, we'll provide it. you take jerusalem and you will be king. because herod is aware that he had mixed blood ancestry, one of those things is he could married into the hasmonean family. he can make a claim to the throne by marrying a jewish princess. >> a jewish marriage craontract.
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he chooses mary-anne, who's young and beautiful and cultured and generally loved by anybody. on the one hand herod, he deeply loved her and expressed his love in grandiose gesture. on the other hand, she constacon conscon constantly berraided of him of his status. you have this young ruthless self-made king. you have this princess of the grand and royalist family. it is like a kardashian marrying and a winslow.
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he marries into the hasmoneans dynasty. she fears that he's going to get rid of her relatives, killing all hasmoneans hoeirs to the jewish throne. he's got so many troops with him that this won't be differicult. >> herod sets his sight on jerusalem and forcing the people to accept him as his king. jerusalem, "city of faith and fury," brought to you by xiidra. d may provide temporary relief. inflammation: those'll probably pass by me!
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herod, the great is determined to prove he's a true jewish king. after making a deal with the romans, he descends on jerusalem. there was a bloody massacre. corpses lying around the city, men and women and children. >> herod's harshest actions are saved for the royal family. >> when you take a city, you
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would take the king and you would allow them to live. you would exile them. herod, the great, however is not your typical, noble king. he's ruthless and he's paranoia. when he takes the city, he begins executing all of his potential rivalries including the former hasmonean leader. herod only cares about claiming his prize. he takes jerusalem and he declares himself king of juddair and he sets about making him the most successful king.
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>> previous ruler and competent rulers and civil war slunhrunk kingdom down. there is one person who does not like it that way. cleopatra wants to see egypt rise again. >> wthey're all in a negative light because all of these guys were in any way -
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>> you see how frustrating this must have been for an intelligent woman. >> cleopatra sees herself to be a bigger player than what a male dominated world would make her out to be. >> women don't have a lot of power in this patrhrpathriachle. >> mark anthony and cleopatra, together they want to rule the world. >> mark anthony meets and falls
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in love with cleopatra and establishes his base in alexander in egypt. >> he's a bit of what we call today a player. he was master and command of the caesars. >> mark anthony and herod the great are war buddies. they owe each other quite a bit. >> mark anthony and herod had an i intimate relationship. >> cleopatra wants what herod, the great has, jerusalem. >> cleopatra wants another gateway under the east. >> she's able to trade with
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them. >> they all kind of meet together. so if you want to take goods either east or west, jerusalem is an incredible important place to be. >> but above all, jerusalem of course was part of judiah and judiah had once been part of eg egypt. >> it was her job and mission as the devinely o and ordained mon egypt to reunite the loss territory which includes jerusalem. >> she can't go to her lover, mark anthony and ask her to give her herod's holding. who does she turn to?
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who else hates herod the great? >> the hasmoneans. >> the woman who witnessed his soldiers toppled her family's legacy. herod the great loves maryam but she's plotting against him and behind it all is cleopatra.
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it begins with tricking herod to unwittingly promote his repl repla replacement. >> there were two big offices. one was the office of king. one was the office of high
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priest. herod because he was only half jewish, he could not serve as a priest in the jerusalem temple. >> mariamne has a brother named jonathan. jonathan is a hasmonean. he's eligible to be a high priest. >> mariamne convinced herod to appoint jonathan as the high p priest. what we know mariamne's brother was a good-looking charismatic guy. certainly the guy that the jews would much have a king than
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he herod, the great. >> there is a story of a festival. it goes with the sacrifices at the alter, all of the people start to cry out about what a wonderful young man he is. >> crowds all wow but look at how attractive this boy is and how regal he looked or oh, the hasmonean are back. here is the commotion and here is how popular jonathan is. herod is heeding with jealousy. >> so, herod invites his brother-in-law to come swim with him at his palace in jerricho. he was drowned in the pool. it is an accident, nothing on tour but everybody knew what really happened.
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>> imagine if you are mariamne, you hate your husband and you can't divorce him because you are a woman and now he killed your brother. you must be furious with this man. >> mariamne not only lost her brother but the conspiracy to overthrow herod is also ruined. >> when the plot against herod the great involving jonathan fails, caloleopatra is furious. >> the egyptian queen convinced mark anthony to turn on his
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close friend. cleopatra uses her huge influences with mark anthony to undermine herod when ever possible. she tells tales of herod's treatment of his wife and his ruthlessness. but, mark anthony's interest is not to have his client king even at a powerful moment, fighting among themselves. so mark anthony says listen, you have to play nice. and so cleopatra the cunning ruler she is, okay, i will play nice. i will go up and visit herod the great and i will show you how we can spend time together. so cleopatra travels to jerusalem and publicly declares that this is a peace journey that she's going to make peace
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with herod but what she wants is for herod to die. >> herod has a wide network of spice. he quickly discovers the truth of cleopatra's intentions. >> of course herod the great knows that cleopatra is out to get him. cleopatra and herod are deadly frenimies. because of their common patriot of mark anthony, they have to be friends but they are definitely enemies. now you put the two fighting fish in the same jar and now somebody is going to die.
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cleopatra trafveled to jerusalem to meet with her rival
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herod. they both to have each other killed. >> the problem is nobody wants to be the one to fire the first shot. you always want to be the one saying no, i did this in self-defense. what you end up with is herod the great and cleopatra doing this odd dance trying to find ways to harm each other. >> there is a lot of back and forth and a lot of it is in direct. they're trying to manipulate each other. cleopatra uses all of the weapons at her disposal and one of those weapons is sex. herod the great knows this trick and he knows that mark anthony is a jealous lover and so he avoids that trap as well. it ends up in this odd stalemate, none of their ploys
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to assassinate each other ever come to fruition and cleopatra goes home. >> neither have any idea they're about to be drive into another deadly power struggle. >> you have to understand what's going on in this period of the late republican rome. after julius caesar dies, a series of power struggle broke out between various generals. >> mark anthony's allies, octavian. together they would divide up the world. mark anthony got the east and octavian took the west. at the age of 19, inherits and seized money and his name and he
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turns out to be yes a political genius but also a ruthless young thug. >> octavian was horrible. he probably ordered the execution of his grandson and murdered countless of people. >> now octavian wants to be the sole ruler of rome, he needs to turn people to his ruler. one of the things he does is he tries to use cleopatra against mark anthony. >> mark anthony is was a man and he was a roman. cleopatra is an eastern queen and a roman. she becomes the propaganda that
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octavian starts to put out. she polluted the mind of mark anthony. it does it so effectively that the people start to turn against mark anthony and cleopatra. what was once a power-sharing agreement becomes a battle between the two. they're going to buy for the sole rule of rome. >> mark anthony basically calls up all of his supporters and he says come fight with me against octavian and herod the great says no, sorry, i am busy. that's because he hates cleopatra and he sees that octavian is the one that's going to win. mark anthony and cleopatra at the battle.
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they managed to flee back at egypt but octavian is behind him. it was clear that cleopatra is going to be paraded around the roman triumph which is the last thing she wanted. she said over and over again, i will not be triumphed over. >> she can't envision herself as a prisoner or anything as as queen. >> hoping to trick octavian. cleopatra hide and had her maid spread the rumor that she had killed herself. the problem with cleopatra locking herself in the tomb is that she didn't tell mark anthony in part of what you need to do is tell your lover where you are going to be because he of course is defeated and thinking that he lost everything. >> so mark anthony ends up
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committing suicide by stabbing himself in the stomach. when cleopatra finds out that mark anthony kills himself, she ends up dying by her own hand as well. it is really a sad story which mirrors the "romeo and juliet" story, it was the way the tale that was always going to end for them. they tried iied but failed to g the power that was not theirs to gain in the first place. >> soon after the death of his rival, herod travels to meet with octavian in person and begs for his life. herod was a friend of mark anthony's so when octavian defeats mark anthony, herod the great has got to face octavian and deal with him.
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octavian says i understand you backed the wrong horse. herod the great ever the shrewd politician says something quite profound. >> she does not pretend. he says it is good ever friend as i was to anthony, i will be an even better friend to you, octavian. >> herod is so convincing that not only octavian reconfirms him the king but he increases the size of his kingdom. when herod the great gets back to jerusalem. one would think that wow, he avoided this major disaster with
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octavian, maybe everything is better when he gets home but that was not the case. >> when he gets back to jerusalem, everything is all the worse.
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you've been taking mental health meds, and your mind is finally in a better place. except now you have uncontrollable body movements called tardive dyskinesia - td.
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and it can seem like that's all people see. some meds for mental health can cause abnormal dopamine signaling in the brain. while how it works is not fully understood, ingrezza is thought to reduce that signaling. ingrezza is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with td movements in the face and body. people taking ingrezza can stay on their current dose of most mental health meds. don't take ingrezza if you're allergic to any of its ingredients. ingrezza may cause serious side effects, including sleepiness. don't drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how ingrezza affects you. other serious side effects include potential heart rhythm problems and abnormal movements. shift the focus more on you. ask your doctor about ingrezza. it's simple. one pill, once-daily. #1 prescribed for td. learn how you could pay as little as $0 at ingrezza.com shampoos that care for your color as well as your hair? everpure by l'oreal. expert sulfate-free formulas. validated by colorists. non-stripping to keep any colored hair beautiful for weeks.
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everpure from l'oreal paris. herod convinced octavian to allow him to remain control of jerusalem. when he returns to the city, he finds the royal family are in turmoil. >> mariamne family is sequestered. when jeherod comes back, rumors were spread that mariamne has had an affair with the guard. herod had the guard killed. >> mariamne are linked together in this terrifying relationship
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of love and hate. but in the end, he just can't trust her and all the time she's plotting within his own house h hold, she's plotting to destroy him. he felt he had been betrayed and for a rational person, you would say of course you don't kill som someone. but herod the great is not an irrational person. he's madness. his fear and paranoia and heatrd was more than his love.
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mariamne was not even 25-year-old at the time. she already born him five children. herod thought this would solve the problem. little did he know this would drive him to madness. after mariamne's death, herod was so distraught, he would wander around and talked to her as if she was still alive. he goes mad with grief. he howls through his palace corridor and he particularly had problems by mariamne because they were a better friends than
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he was. this is the reason he kills his own son. herod afraid that his son is going to take his kingdom from him. the tragedy of herod is that he deeply loves his wife and children. this character who can never feel secure enough and forced to kill those closest to him. herod just sinniks more and mor and the madder he gets, the more depress he gets. so herod the great latches onto bu building projects because he can build buildings that can out
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live him. he's trying to build out of depression. >> he built a series of a whole city. in addition to billuilding a ci he built the largest harbor that's ever constructed up to that point. the ancient capitol, he built another city. >>. >> herod is one of the main figures that dominated the geogra geography. >> prior to king herod, jerusalem was small and cramped and under developed. >> he knocks it all down and he
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starts again. he builds extraordinary palaces and canals and fountains and fort fortresses. herod focuses most on one massive under taking. herod the great wants to apiece the people in jerusalem. he knew that regardless of how many different structures he built, it was the temple of jerusalem that was the most important. herod wants to put his stamp on the center of judith and surpass solomon himself. > >> the temple is a bit of a wreck, a bit of a ruin, he decides he's going to knock down the old town and rebuild a new one. >> he's trying to reclaim that really ancient sense appointed by god and protecting god's
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chosen city. he builds a massive retaining wall around the temple, fills it in with a platform so 100,000 people can come in and celebrate around the temple and double the size of the temple. >> with colossal stones, some are so enormous of 200 tons incise. in size the temple walls went up 60 or 80 feet higher, that's what herod built. >> he created the jerusalem we know today. the dome with the rock and the mosque are built on herod's
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sacred peace. herod spent his life building up the kingdom but the final days of his rule will threaten to tear it all down.
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in his last days, herod suffered from agonizing illness. we don't know what it was, scholars speculated, syphilis and all sorts of other things, we don't know. of course, as herod was suffering from physical pain, that made his mental state all the worse, he would order executions. herod's brain was bloody right up until the very end of it. >> at the age of 70, after a reign of 33 years, herod the great dies.
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herod the great, craves the praise of his people but the praise of his people was never enough to actually satisfy him. he left behind him a greatly restored city, a beautiful temple mound and a more prosperous country but he died in madmadness, grief and resentt and rage. >> and so in the end the romans just an -- >> it was extremely corrupt and tormented of the jews and to punish the jews people, they destroyed jerusalem entirely in 17 a.d. the temple was destroyed, all
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was left of the southern and western walls which you can see today. >> so all that herod had worked for, the things that he wanted the most, this physical legacy vanished. any time jerusalem has someone come along who wants everything to himself, for some reason jerusalem says that's not the way the city of god is going to be. that's because as history has shown us, the time when jerusalem is at peace is when this city is shared by its people. the jews emerged differently from the destruction of the temple and instead of praying in
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the temple of jerusalem, the christians then a small jewish set escaped from the siege to become a celebrate religion, separated for the first time of the mother of jerusalem. six centuries later, islam, muhammad -- given rome for is i islam. in many way out of herod's temple came to the world we know
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today. and brings with it one of the deadliest conflicts in recorded history. >> the following is a cnn special. ♪ is this what the doctor prescribed? >> the flashiy girls. >> television theme songs became

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