tv History of the Sitcom CNN July 24, 2021 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT
>> where'd you get those? >> the machine. you want one? >> you come loam, turn on that television. >> i don't want i. >> what do you want? you want comedy. >> stop it. and boom, there you go. a situation comedy. >> bazinga. >> 23 minutes of magic. le. >> it's so tasty, too. >> you fell in love with these car. >> what you talking about, willing is? willis? >> laughter opens you up. >> ok, ready? >> things that we might be
afraid to talk about, some people that were supposed to protect us didn't do the same thing. >> like racism. >> cops and bad guys. >> yes. >> class wars. >> and gender diversity -- >> hi, girls. >> you can reach in and really touch people's hearts. >> i hate this. >> are you as turned on as i am? >> more! >> did whether it's a family living under the same roof. >> dyn-o-mite. >> that's what i like to hear. >> or together at a work place. all the great sitcoms are about family. >> it's one of the great accomplishments of the modern age.
>> what is the most important thing? >> breakfast. >> factually. >> family. it's key to the sitcom. it's something that we all can relate to. >> we're in these people's homes for years. you're a part of the family. >> one good thing about moving here is i have no friends and no distractions. that's why i got -- what does fonzie say? hey. >> the sitcom brings people together in an unexpected way. >> there are so many dynamics that work in families. >> i want you here, give us a chance to get re-acquainted. >> that implies we were ac acquainted at one point. >> you recognize your dynamic and go their family is just as crazy as mine. >> i don't care who's wearing an
outrageously imappropriate dress. we're going to get together and be a family for one fent of a freaking second and we're going to do it right now. >> you can see so much about culture throughout the years. now looking back. ♪ >> and, you know, it was really i love lucy that kind of kicked it all. >> first off this evening, go back and sit down. >> it was a show about a ditsy woman who wanted to be in show business. >> have you ever considered acting? >> has she ever considered acting! >> her husband, who is latin and a mu six. >> honey, you know how i feel about this. i don't want my wife in show business. >> why not? >> lucille ball was always trying to emancipate herself from the home making role. >> and every time she gets the opportunity, something goes awry.
>> lucille ball was fearless in her physical comedy. women were supposed to be demure and dainty and in their place. >> lucille ball was one of my favorites for timing her bits. >> what do you think you're doing? well? >> i love lucy became a phenomenon instantly. when you think about the era that lucille ball came up in and what she was able to achieve, it's astounding. >> hey! >> when lucy and ricky had a baby, it was like huge. it was the highest rated show of the series.
it changed the dynamic buzz all of a sudden it became centered around the family unit. i think i love lucy was the big bang of the pamly sitcom. >> and the family moved to the suburbs. >> gee, isn't this exciting? we're in our very own home. >> and that mirrored what was happening in america at the time. >> advertisers wanted to cater towards that new suburban family that needed to buy that kitchen appliance or needed to buy that vacuum. >> after i love lucy, there was a formula for what the american family should look like. >> ozzy and harriet. >> the add ven chiers of ozzy and harriet. >> i loved everybody in it, actually. >> bring it in. i'm starved. >> it was a happy gentle american family of the 1950s. >> how much do you need? >> never mimed, pop. that's ok. >> don't worry about it.
you can pay me back. >> i don't want it. >> you got rocks in your head? >> the kids were plight. everybody was nice to each other. those were not real biem they entertained and delighted us. >> all right, kids. dinner's on, we're sitting down. >> when you get to father knows best, it's very patriarch cal. >> a quiet evening at home. i could use it. >> bud usually had a problem with truth telling on some level. >> what was all that racket upstairs? >> i didn't hear anything. >> father knows best represents the good life, the american dream. >> i'll read you one story and off to bed you go. >> leave it to beaver entered the sitcom realm in 157. >> what's that? >> the real key to leave it to beaver is that its written from
a child's point of view. >> why don't you let stanley cut your hair? >> i lost my money. >> you have the character of we'ver and wally who usually does things right. beaver's always the one that gets in trouble. and there were the patients to teach them. show them the right path. we want you to feel that you can come to me or to your mother with any problem and we'll understand. >> in the 1950s sitcoms were really giving us an idealistic version of america. but as we get into the '60s we'll see different types of family sitcoms. >> i'm sure i'll be able to handle it. a little cooking and wash ing.
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i'm a bad mommy. >> you're a disaster mommy. >> you're a wlooep [ bleep ] your sister's an [ bleep ]. >> i'll take mom. >> better things is about single mom raising her three daughters on her own. >> you're my mom. >> it's dirty, it's funny. >> no. hide things from me, please. >> better things is a fascinating way that the family sitcom has adapted to the 21st
century. >> where's the broom? >> you going to be a witch? >> no i'd be a useless house wives. >> hi. >> it was the first show that deviated from the perfect pleasantville nuke family. >> going to blow that up, mr. douglas? >> no, eddie. i don't think i'll make that same mistake again. >> it was a show about a single dad. he was a widower with three boys, trying to raise them in an all male household. everyone had to do something. every had to pitch in. we did dishes. we were darning socks. >> these things that you never saw in the ozzy and harriet show
or donna reid or leave it to beaver. >> i've got it. >> when you watch a show that's based on losing someone, that adds a deep-rooted truth to the hardness of life. then it gives comedy even more of a reason to go as crazy as you want to go. >> i think that shirt's done. >> well, sure. >> you'll just have to wear your pants higher. >> in the '60s you see the sitcom moving away from stories that are away from the nuclear family. >> divorce had become prevalent and had become a part of normal american life. it took a while to be reflected in sitcoms. ♪ ♪ the brady bunch ♪ >> the brady bunch is the story of two separate families being dplud together. >> a map with three boys, the woman with three girls. the map was going on the a
widower. the woman was divorced. but divorce was a taboo topic. they said let's just leave it so you don't know. >> what are you yelling about, huh? >> you stole my ball. >> i'm just trying to find out what they did with my -- >> it was an evolution. it was shown from the kids' point of view. >> will you lend me my skate key? >> i'm not loaning anything to a snitcher. >> they were having problems with their appearance or school work or friends. you know, oh, you broke the vase. it was those kinds of every-day problems. >> marsha, i'm proud to be your sister, no matter how terrible you look. >> thanks a lot. >> this is airing in the nixon era when vietnam is raging and people are losing faith in government. all these things were happening and the brady bunch was kinds of a refuge.
>> watching the brady bunch and having all these brothers and sisters, it was great get-away for me. >> the brady bunch was a huge success for abc that led to the partridge family, which really attracted a young hungry audience. ♪ >> hey, kids. hollywood boulevard. >> we're a musical family that would travel around doing shows. ♪ you make my day ♪ >> i was for sure going to marry david partridge. they're trying to embrace this hippy cool culture. >> what'd you hit, mom? >> i think it was a steaud bake. >> now you're trying to wipe us out. >> it takes this phenomenon of counterculture and makes it very
safe. >> relax, mom. but just remember, our home depends on the next few minutes. >> oh. >> it was an escape from the real world for a lot of people. >> in new york student protest is met by construction workers and at kent state in ohio, four students are killed. >> some people didn't want to hide from what was happening. >> people were like, no, we want to hear about this. that's when shows like all in the family came on. it was a beginning of his career and looking for a show he could make his own. he was turned on to a british series called "till death do us part." >> about a bigoted father. holy-moly, that was the way i grew up. i knew i had a show. >> take one. >> they shot the pilot at abc, featured carroll o'connor and jean stapleton as archie and
edith bunker. >> i knew we had add couple of pinkos, but i didn't know we had a pair of atheists. >> abc watched it and felt the chemistry wasn't there between the parents and the kids. >> asked me to make it again with two different young people. >> we don't see any evidence of god, that's all. >> that's right, daddy. >> i knew i had a couple of pinkos in the house but i didn't know we had a pair of atheists. >> the network freaks out about whether the public will wash this show that has real issues. >> everybody is nervous and there are people saying they're going to kill you. their going to shoot you in the streets.
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♪ in 170, cbs was trying to change the landscape. they had all these rural family sitcoms. they were looking for more sophisticated sitcoms. after abc declined to move forward with the all in the family pilot, norman leer made the decision to move the show to cbs. >> they said yes, but you need a new set of kids. so rob reiner and i were the third set of children for archie and edith bunker. >> so i made the pilot for the third time, same script. i wouldn't change a word.
>> so let's hear it again. what did you mean by "what god?" >> we just don't see any evidence of god. that's all. >> that's right, daddy. >> that's right, daddy. well, i knew we had a couple of pinkos in this house but i didn't know we had atheists. >> i remember seeing the opening episode and realizing, my god, the ground is shaking under me. >> i'm going to tell you something. >> michael. >> we have arguments. >> because guys like you aren't willing to give the north their just and hard earned shot at the american dream. >> we got real, political strife, interpersonal issues, generation gaps, and they're dealing with it all in the family. >> i suppose you're going to tell me that the black man has had the same opportunity? >> more, he's had more. i didn't have a million people
out there to get this job. >> no. his uncle got it for him. >> archie bunker was saying you don't say on television. >> just because a guy's sensitive and glasses, you make him out a queer. >> i never said that. a guy who wears glasses is is a four eyes. a guy who's a tag is a choir. >> you're looking like are you going to be arrested. >> it was jaw dropping. it was funny but it was very challenging and you realized norman leer is taking us into a whole new realm of economy. >> the blowback from the company was buried by the excitement and the applause. >> the show was number one for a long time. >> it changed cbs and their brand as a network. as a result of all in the family, they turned to norman leer. >> there's a person at the door.
what? >> bea author played maude as oh audit's cousin on all in the family. >> maudy is here. >> and she could take on archie head to head. >> you can either come to the table and eat or you can lie there and feed off your own fat. >> by the time that episode has aired, fred silver man has called and said get that woman her own show. ♪ ♪ and then there's maude ♪ >> it was not your all american family. >> getting senile in your old age. >> thank you, darling. i only hope i live long enough to become a burden to you. >> maudy is strong woman who speaks her mind. she was married to her fourth husband walter, played by bill
macy. >> i don't have time to fix you your breakfast. here, have some cold knock burst. >> i love their combative relationship. still if somebody businesses me off, i'll say god will get you for that, arthur. >> god will get you for that, dear. >> maude was the first time we saw such a fiercely independent woman who wasn't afraid to speak her mind at the center of a camly sitcom. >> maude had a made, florida, who was a great character. >> i'm henry evans. >> her husband made an appearance. >> i am proud of you, florida. it's just i don't want you to be a made no norm. >> your mother was a made. >> when they finished this scene, we thought let's fill out that family. ♪ ♪ good times ♪ any time you need a friend ♪
>> that's the first time you ever saw a black family on television. >> look who finally got through with their honeymoon. >> your mouth is always ahead of your thinker. >> they were very different than other sitcom families from the point that we were urban, trying to survive on the the south side of chicago with that dad that has spotty job situations. >> a cold world out there and we can't change it. >> well maybe we can't change it, james, but we sho can't let us change us. >> good times was to show the problems and to show the love of a minority family. >> we're standing in the used car lot of love. >> within 20 years we only turned out one clunker. >> the idea of white families
seeing things on an episode of good times that they could represent to their own experience, that is a power that cannot be duplicated with hours of conversation. >> it showed how the sitcoms weren't afraid to discuss social issues that had formerly been taboo. ♪ ♪ this is it ♪ ♪ >> if you do something like one day at a time, the single mother is divorced. that was unusual for television. >> i haven't had a happy minute since we moved here. sure was different before the divorce when daddy was around. >> i know. you used to wrap him around your little finger. >> television begins to catch up with who we are. >> what you doing, mom? >> i am circling the jobs for which it would appear mime qualified. >> it was 70s.
women were feeling empowered to have lives of their own and to still have a family. >> darling, would you like to tell me what's going on between you and chuck? >> i only did it because i love you! >> showing what it's like to raise two daughters in a divorce. >> we'll make it. i promise. >> i love you. >> we grow up in families and we tall share these experiences in one way or another. >> one day at a time, all in the family, maude, good times, all these family sitcoms, they just owned the top ten.
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the 1980s were a radical transformation of the 1960s and 1970s. the economy was booming as the reagan era took hold, there was that rise in conservative values. we saw american audiences losing interest in the socially relevant sitcoms and really the sitcoms started to die away. dramas had really taken over. the soaps were so, "dynasty," "dallas," "magnum p.i.," and so you saw the family sitcom really strive to find a new identity. >> i can't believe you guys can watch this.
you look ridiculous. >> it was one of the great premises in sitcom history. >> half a million people trying to stop a senseless floor. is that ridiculous? >> i'm talking about the outfits. >> they grow up and in the 80s they find themselves with this young republican son. >> well, how do i look? >> middle aged. >> it was about the clashes between two generations. >> you're young. you shouldn't be worried about success. you should be able to hopping on a tramp steamer and going around the world. >> the 60s are over, dad. >> thanks for the tip. >> family ties is a reversal, in many ways, of "all in the family". except you have the liberal parents and the conservative child. >> i found a copy of the wall street journal. >> do you think he was switched
at birthnd the rocker fellers have our kid? >> michael was just wonderful. he's -- he was young and energetic. and he had such good timing. >> who did this? >> we started rather slowly. nbc was moving us around a little bit, trying to find the right place for us. >> family ties pumped a little bit of life into the family sitcom. but the sitcom in general had been pronounced dead. there were very few on the air and then all of a sudden comes "the cosby show" in '84. >> can i have an advance? >> you're backed up to your 50th birthday. >> "the cosby show" was a game changer to me. this is a family i adored. present history has tainted that a little bit. it didn't stop the fact that that was a ground breaking experience. >> we had this really sort of idyllic family. clair was a lawyer. he was a doctor. there was a very natural
chemistry between cliff huxtable and clair and their children that wasn't cliche black poverty. >> son, your mother asked me to come up here and kill you. how do you expect to get into college with grades like this? >> no problem. >> there's a much more conservative paradigm that is driving "the cosby show". >> instead of acting, disi disappointed because i'm not like you. maybe you can just accept who i am and love me anyway. >> in any other sitcom, that would be the moment where the music would start and the father would embrace the son and say something really encouraging. >> theo. that's the dumbest thing i've ever heard in my life! >> you could hear the audience gasp, because this is like a strong father who's going to say to his son, as he said, you know, i. >> brought you in this world and i'll take you out.
>> the audience cheered because it was like the parents are saying, yes, we're taking back the house. >> i just want you to do the best you can. that's all. >> there was such a love and camaraderie in the huxtable family that i think you had a universal audience. we got super bowl ratings every single week and they're tuning in because everybody wants to be a huxtable. >> the cosby revitalized the sitcom. >> let's put cosby at 8:00, family ties at 8:30. >> and family ties went dum in the worst way. that great thursday night lineup, cosby, family ties, cheers, night court.
single week and they're tuning in because everybody wants to be a huxtable. >> the cosby revitalized the sitcom. >> let's put cosby at 8:00, family ties at 8:30. >> and family ties went dum in the worst way. >> nbc really created this idea of must-see tv. you're talking about 20 and 30 and 40 million people tuning in. >> people say you were one of america's most successful fathers. i say no. it was bill cosby. he was number one. >> with respect to what's happened of late, it's hugely disappointing to all of us, but he set the standard for what a family sitcom was. >>st cosby show had proven that the family sitcom was a viable genre again. >> by the late '80s, sitcoms were popular among the big three networks. there was this incredible resurgence. >> this is great. we should be mothers. >> oh, yeah. >> families tuned in to see an aspirational version of what family life could be. >> it was like silver spoons and growing pains and all that. it's constant hugging and learning, right? >> with the family sitcom at the height of its popularity, fox started moving into the television arena. >> fox was new, building their network.
they were one of the last majors to build a network. >> they decided they were going to use the family sitcom to do that and compete against the big three. >> look at our little girl. we don't really have to go to a recital, do you? >> they wound up going in a completely opposite direction. sort of the anti-in a way, anti-family sitcom. >> apologize to your sister. >> no. >> ok. >> married with children is full of trash people that do horrible things and say horrible things. >> you moron! >> you were always aware they were just wise guys zinging each other. >> how can you sell the family playboy. >> i don't know how it's stayed on air. i haven't worn it since grandma's funeral.
>> it helped put fox on the map. >> a darker family presentation spoke to people who were bored. >> would you stand close together and bring the shotgun? >> you just sill there and drink your beer. breyers is always so delicious... i can tell that they used your milk, matilda. great job! moo you're welcome. breyers natural vanilla is made with 100% grade a milk and cream and only sustainably farmed vanilla. better starts with breyers.
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>> you just sill there and drink your beer. >> the hell i will. >> some sitcoms were very edgy like roseanne and married with children. >> talk is cheap. >> on the other hand, you had shows that are kind of going back to a more whole some story telling. you see that on abc's "home improvement". ♪ >> in a proud stroke, what "home improvement" did is first off, it made a stable family and a loving family. >> no running in the house! >> hold the ball with both hands so you don't fumble. >> but also i really wanted to find out what made men tick. >> there's that -- >> feeling cold steel hanging on your hip. >> tim taylor has his own home improvement show called "tooltime". >> what do we need? >> more power.
>> more power was my moniker my whole life, plus the grunting. [ grunts ] and blowing stuff up. >> he's like this supposed man's man. >> and then he comes home to a woman who's a feminist and under no circumstances do you ever treat the female sex were put here to wait on you hand and foot. >> honey, you want to pop that in the washer for me? >> what was great about our family was that even though we disagreed. >> i think i'll just pop with one out of here. >> we loved each other and always made up. >> "home improvement" was proof that a traditional sitcom could still be a hit. through the '90s we continued to see the family change. we saw people having children much later in life and if family sitcom reflected that. >> in "mad about you", the marriage itself was the premise
of the show. >> a strong woman character against a strong male character, so the fireworks just kept happening. watching how two people try to love each other over time. >> it doesn't bother you that we haven't had sex in five days? >> hello. >> you know the feeling you go to a party and you and your wife are having fun. say goodnight. get in the car. the minute the car door closes, that's the show. >> what's going on? >> we're married five months and the sexual part is over. >> i thought you understood that. i'm sorry. that's what happens. i play checkers in the park and you start arguing with buses. >> not funny. >> people who can voice their opinion about fear and be awful and apologize and find a dry spell in the marriage and then find the heat again.
people were representing to it and aspiring to it. >> more. that made it very much its own. >> early on season one, i think the network said you guys should have a kid. no, no, no. that's too soon. season two. it's time for a kid. it was almost like -- they were like annoying in-laws. when are going to try? we'll let you know. on raymond, you never saw the kids. >> hi. mom. >> hi. i saw your car pull up before. you didn't call. >> hi, debra. >> we wanted to focus on the marriage and the relationship with the parents. >> hi. i'm ray and i live here in long island with my wife debra. >> in the very first season ray says in the opening credits -- >> it's not really about the kids. >> it's not about the kids. >> i say that for every year you're over 40, you should add an inch to the hemline of your dress. >> you should be dragging around a persian rug.
>> we all have parents who despite our best efforts reject all of our kindness and it backfires. >> who would use bleach on these towels. >> they just seemed a little yellowy. >> they're yellow towels! >> we come into a family. we need a family. love them or hate them. that's who we were given. >> the success of cosby resurrected the sitcom and because of that ushered in a lot of other great story telling. when "the cosby show" went off the air, we did have other black family sitcoms to fill that void. one of them was the fresh prince which was another version of aspirational black family wealth. >> so many of us living in this neighborhood. we doing all right, huh? >> fox networks were the first that took risks with minorities.
>> i think it's vital that people of color write their own stories because that's where the authenticity comes from. >> we tired. >> should be. kept us up all night. we should be the ones crying. >> we saw black family sitcoms like martin, like the bernie mack show. those sitcoms showed parenting to be difficult. >> uncle bernie, he's too old to play with that. can we play something else? >> which was not something you saw on a show like "the cosby show". >> get in the bathroom and wash the pee off the toilet seat! disgusting! >> fox network had come on and did really well with blacks, so then the wb and upn at the time were coming on and they started to diversify and then grow that audience.
>> they are able to snatch up this audience that the other networks were really ignoring up to until that point. >> so these shows kind of set the stage for the diversity from the family sitcom that can be seen on television today. >> welcome, i'm rick. nehau. >> the length and death of my bow expresses my deep appreciation. >> that's more of a japanese thing, but thank you, rick. wakes up on a beach in florida half naked, i've done my hitting the road this summer? not all 5g networks are created equal. t-mobile covers more interstate highway miles with 5g than the other guys. t-mobile. america's largest, fastest, most reliable 5g network.
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wake up on a beach in florida half naked, i've done my job. >>ia see the popularity of reality television, and that had a huge impact on the family sitcom. >> everything was reality sales back then. the sitcom was pronounced dead again, so chris lloyd and i said what's a new way to do a family show, and then we said what if we shoot a documentary-style. and instead of focusing on one family what if we focused on multiple families? >> dad? >> what happened? >> luke just shot me. >> what we want to do is portray these characters as real. >> i didn't mean to. >> you okay? >> no, the little bitch shot me.
>> language. >> but network said you can't have a kid swearing like that. and i said that line came from my daughter. my attitude about is a telling stories from our own lives and not being afraid of those stories, that's what people can relate to. >> this must be your dad. >> actually, no, i'm her husband. don't be fool by the -- give me a second here. >> none of these people look like they'd be a family, but they are. >> what the hell is that. >> i had andre do it when we were gone. >> is that us with wings? >> i was really portrayed by image of a gay couple as part of the equal, part of the cast. >> you come into my house and insult me and my boyfriend who by the way is not that dramatic. >> so when he actually reveals the lyrics to the theme song
"lion king." >> we adopted a baby. >> this loving gay couple who were just adopting a child, this was the most progressive thing on broadcast television at that particular moment. >> in this family do we kick and punch each other or do we love each other? >> love each other. >> that's right. i'll be in the den. >> modern family took this genre that seemed kind of played out, updated it and breathed life back into the family sitcom. after that we start to see more perspectives, new perspectives, fresh perspectives. >> you're going to love orlando. i've grown to love it like the daughter we wish devin had been. >> in fresh off the boat, an asian-american story centers the narrative as opposed to being like the butt of the joke. >> class, i'd like you all to give a warm welcome to --
>> yeah, call me eddie. >> thank god. >> it's about an asian-american family that moves from a multicultural city to a very white suburban town. >> hi, welcome to the neighborhood. this is amanda. >> it was a really good window into how mainstream culture could feel strange to somebody else. >> "fresh off the boat" made a major impact in proving to the industry that a show like this can be successful. >> still to this day i get people on the street who come up to me in tears saying how meaningful it was seeing themselves represented and feeling like you are a part of america. >> it's a part of a progression of representation in tv. >> okay, so i'm just your standard regular old incredibly handsome, unbelievably charismatic black dude. this drooling pigment challenged mixed race woman is my wife.
>> blackish is a family sitcom that is interested in talking about topics of racial identity in ways that television sometimes is uncomfortable about discussing. >> you're not serious about naming our kid devonte, are you? >> i want a strong black name. >> oh, boy. >> because we've given our kids white names and they've all ended up blackish. >> the father feels like his family is losing touch with their roots, he wants them to sort of know their heritage. >> i just want at least one of my kids to end up being black so i could love it. >> whereas the cosby show was a much more sort of safe kind of here's us living every day, the blackish family is very unapologetic about their blackness in a ways that really hadn't been seen on prime time television before. >> so next saturday when you turn 13 you're becoming a man, too. a black man because i'm throwing you an african rights of passage ceremony. >> that does not sound as fun.
>> no, it does not. >> "blackish" was a show really good at talking about individual social issues in a way we hadn't seen since norman leer. >> and that leads us to the reboot of norman leer's 1970s classic "one day a time." >> i get it. we're human. >> it follows three generations of latinas. everything that we would get into as a normal family, but then it also tackles a lot of things going on in the world normally seen as taboo like queer issues. >> it's a good thing to bring my latino veteran dad with -- hey, i like girls. >> your family has something in common. >> there's ptsd with the mom, anxiety and depression. >> what did he call you, stupid, goober? >> he yelled build the wall. >> even in these days in this
openly racist world i've managed to never have an incident. >> you and your brother are of different shades. >> yes. >> if you put something in your show that's shocking and radical the hope is that in five years time it's going to become more normal. >> who even decides what latinx looks like. i look latinx. >> of course you do. you're beautiful. i've always thought you look like anne hathaway. >> oh, no, no, no! >> the future of the family sitcom to me is most present in shows like "one day a at a time." telling shows in a ways that are funny and fresh and invigorating. and if you look at the best family sitcoms on tv right now, that's what they're doing. >> in case anyone wants to know what's up this latin-american family is headed to their american home. >> that is so cool. anne hathaway just totally stood up for this mexican.
jerusalem is the universal city, the chosen city, the holy city. that's its blessing, but it also gives it its danger and its ugliness too, because it means that people believe that they must possess it absolutely. >> the palestinian/israeli conflict that we are experiencing today, you've seen it experienced in jerusalem for thousands of years. >> for the jews, jerusalem is wear solomon built the holy temple. >> for christians, this is the place where jesus was crucified.