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tv   Jerusalem City of Faith and Fury  CNN  July 18, 2021 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT

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>> the next step is showing these authentic portrayals, layer portrayals. yes, we gravitate towards people who are like us but they don't have to be exactly like us in order to create these really profound friendships in "community." jerusalem is the chosen city. the holy city. it also gives its danger and its uglienss, too. it means that people believe they must possess it absolutely.
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the conflict that we are experiencing today, you have seen the experience in jerusalem for thousands of years. for the jews, jerusalem is where solomon built the temple. for muslims, jerusalem was muhammad making the ninth journey. >> people conquer the world and swept through the city. >> no other individual change the landscape in the way harry the great did. >> at a time of islam rule, the british badly wanted to control the holy land.
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>> for isrealis. the history of jerusalem, it is a complicated story. if you don't know its come pl complexity is really hard to understand it today. the past is never dead. if there is as world to apply, is jerusalem.
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when you are walking in modern jerusalem, it does not escape you that you are walking in a place of great you are at the area. there is remarkable history that we read about. you got people living on each other and stones built on top of stones and religion built on top of religion. >> the first time i went to jerusalem, i thought it was one of the most beautiful places i have been to on earth. on the ground i start to see the tensions between everyone, i felt it was a city of contradictions. a city that had much history but a city that had a lot of sorrow and pain.
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>> jerusalem is of two communities. that adds another layer of complexity. it is impossible to imagine fixing the present and building a better future for jerusalem without understanding the many stories of its past. for the earliest periods, our major force of information is the hebrew bible, the old testament. some of the stories we have in the bible had been proven by archaeological means, other historians that we have to take the narrative depending on how you believe in your faith tradition. >> i think what we have to remember is that the religious
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assertions are what made jerusalem what it is. for centuries, people who live in and around jerusalem accepted that as a truth. so when we are reading the biblical story, yes, we are reading the history of jerusalem. >> the story of the holy city begins around 1,000 bc. in the land of canon. the major kingdom were the egyptians kingdom to the south. this land of cannon and the big fi field. canaan, is the land that israel leave god gave to them as of the land to inherit. there were already people in
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canaan. god command to kill every men and child there of what we would call today genocide. you can see how in a modern setting that may be caused for contention between people who might say this was not your land to begin with in the first place. >> after conquering the land of canaan, tisrael set into twelve separate tribes. the 12 tribes were divided. there were huge rivalry. >> it is during this period that the israel tribes had a lot of conflicts with the philistines who were their neighbor. the only history we have was written by the people who fought against them. so the fact that they have
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become sort of a synonym for being uncultured is because all their history were written with by their enemies. they were sophisticated people. they were expert with swords and shields and technology and fighting. and these guys are conquering all of the cities they are coming across. they are marching eastward towards the highlands and you got the israel lights spreading out towards the coast. after a series of wars with philistines, the israelites decide they want to have a king
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rule over them. >> ancient israel realized that as long as they were separate tribes, they were not going to be strong. and that was when they decided to elect a king. the king they chose was zaul. zaul had the advantage of being a military man and also being charismatic. he was insanely paranoid about his position. there had never been a king before. there was not any sort of lineage where he could hang his legitimacy on. he was always terrified once he became king that it was going to be taken away. >> shortly after zaul is name kin king. >> you pick a champion and the
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two champions will fight each other. the idea being that whoever won the one-on-one battle, the losing army would serve the winner. that might be a way of sparing the massive loss of life on both sides. >> what the israelites don't know at first is the philistines have goliath. he's this mythic hero, this super natural force. >> if you are the israelites and
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you got out the battlefield, you are not feeling so good of your chances. >> the assumption is saul going to take the challenge. >> there is one israelite who had the courage. he's about to fight the most legendary battle in human history. dry eye symptoms driving you crazy? jerusalem:city of faith and fury brought to you by xiidra. by lubricating your eyes and may provide temporary relief. inflammation: those'll probably pass by me! xiidra works differently, targeting inflammation that can cause dry eye disease. inflammation: xiidra? no! it can provide lasting relief.
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the 12 tribes of agent israel united under king saul and met the philistines in battle. because of his size, none of the isrealites take him up on his offer. david was the youngest of eight sons and the story goes that david was a shepard boy who would take his father's blocks out. he's one of history's most fascinating kyle clark, hef wasa poet and a singer. he's not a smooth politician or administrator, he's not a schemer. he's the opposite of all of that. he acts on impulse.
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david took on goliath because goliath was defying god. he was defining jewish god of israel. for david, it was symbolic of the god of israel. >> david is not even in the army. his father tells him to take lunch to his brothers for fighting in saul 's army. this is the picture we get point painted of the boy david. this punky little kid is like nobody is going to talk to my god like that. he's willing to die to protect the honor of god.
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>> goliath does not believe his eyes. you are mocking me? what is this supposed to be? this is not a contest. throughout the history of
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israel, we see the theme of the remnant that god chooses to do his greatest work through the left over and through the disad disadvantage. and david's defeat of goliath was proof to this struggling death people that the god who had established them was still with them. it elevated them as a nation. it allowed them to take pride in who they were as people. >> this young david when he ki kills goliath. he got being appointed by general and king saul gave david his daughter to marry. in a way he brought it close to himself. king saul realized that david became too popular and the source of competition. >> he's the equivalent of a
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social media icon right. da david is the guy that everybody is tweeting about and writing songs about. >> people were going around and singing saul killed thousands and david is 10 thousands. even though david's victory over goliath was celebrated, it made saul feels secure. >> david was a nightmare who infiltrated the family and taking over. you got to remember that saul just been elected king. when you have an elected king, people can always elect another king. that was his fear. >> though what we see saul doing is acting out of paranoia and jealousy and acting out of fear.
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saul became so jealous of david, he tries to kill him. david managed to escape. with david's absence, the war between israel and the philistines ramping backup again. we saw saul losing and losing. it goes so badly that saul, driven back and all three of his sons killed in front of him. he knows this is it and this is the end. he turns to his armor barry to be killed. >> he runs back and tells david that saul has died. and instead of celebrating that
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saul was dead because saul had been trying to kill him for so long, david publicly mourns saul's death. to such an extent that he has the army bearer killed for killing the king. david knew politically it was important to mourn the death of the king of israel. now the entire king no,dom recognizes there is only one man to lead them.
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i israelites. david realizes that with his charisma, he can reunite and they are forced to it can reckon with. at a time in the middle east when all the great power such as in egypt are in decline. that's a time when power can achieve great conquest. >> so how does he maintain the peace? what can david do to prove to the 12 tribes that he's not going to favor his home tribes. he's going to choose a capitol that'll be a compromise. >> he settles on a small mountain enclave built 2,000 years earlier. jerusalem. jerusalem is a particularly unpromising spot. to have become as important as it became. it does not have a strategic
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location. it is not even on a water way, on a river or anything like that. jerusalem was chosen as a capitol city because of where it l laid, right in the middle. kind of like washington, d.c. in the united states. >> the great thing of jerusalem, it was a fortified strong point which made it attractive. conquering a walt city made a whole lot of sense. when the israelites settle the country, they had not taken jerusalem. jerusalem remains in the hands of the naval -- the jebisites
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were holding on. they were holding onto the last bit of canaans. >> they evolve in a political discourse were by some palestinians that they are ancestors. >> it is so important to understand jerusalem history because many of the modern conflicts are rouoted in the past. if you can prove that you are descended by the jebusites then you can say that you have the say of the city verses the israelites. >> david says to his troops, if any one of you able to get in and penetrate the defenses then i will make you captain of the army .
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>> they knew of the water shaft that went inside. the the general sneak up the water shaft and through up tp gate and they were able to go in and conquer the city. david wants to make sure everyone understands and it is not just the political capital of israel but it is the religious capital of his kingdom as well. what david does is he brings the arc of the covenant through
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jerusalem. the scrolls that contains moses. it is carried through the israelites. >> it had two chairs who thought to stand -- the empty space was the presence of god. daifrd had this giant ceremony and he marches the arc of covenant of the hill and into jerusalem. david wants this big show to show the people that there are no longer knonomadic people. >> before he moved the arc of covenant to jerusalem, god lived with his people. and that just sets up centuries of coming conflict over this
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physical place. >> for now the united kingdom is thriving. david worked all of his life as trusted god. he worked hard and he started off as a simple shepard and he fought all of these battles and now he's a king of israel. what a time to let your guard down. >> at the height of his power, david will make a decision that'll jeopardize everything he
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built. king david has brought the 12 tribe of his real pieceace a created the capitol city known as jerusalem. the bible says that in the time that kings usually go out to war, david stayed behind. it is almost as if now that david finally reached the
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position of king, he decides that's enough. and he lets his guard down. that's when bathsheba comes into his life. >> he sees this beautiful woman having a bath and he's struck by her beauty. he's being a peeping tom. >> he knows she's the wife of one of his commandos. he admires her and he decides he has to have her. i wonder if david can take balcony moment if he would not take back that day that he saw bathsheba bathing on the
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rooftop. >> we talked about helen of troy but we don't talk about bathsheba in a way, her beauty starts a series of events that's problematic for king david's reign and all of it is his fault. he shows no acknowledge of her as a person. he knows what is at a time very typical that if you want it, you take it. >> i know we want to think of women having complete agency and stuff like that. women were depen dense. >> bathsheba has no right to tell the king no when she calls for her. she has to go because that's the king of israel. we don't get to hear from the narrative of what she's feeling
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or thinking. the course of what happens with bathsheba, she becomes pregnant. david realizes that he has a problem. because the husband is away at war so it is going to be clear that bathsheba is having an affair with somebody and with somebody is david. he orders him to send euriah at the battlefield and have everybody else withdraw and leave him vulnerable. all of the enemy fires focus on
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euriah and of course he gets killed in the battle. and then david gets to paint himself as consuloling the mourning widow. david ordered the murder of her husband in battle. it is this immense moral failing that's right at the center of the story of david. it is the beginning of his downfall as king of israel. despite his best efforts, it is not long before news of david's action spreads across the kingdom. the profphet of israel goes to
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david, if i tell you a story of a rich man who went and stole a ship of a very poor man and david says i would kill that man. the prophet says your majesty, it is you. >> you had all the power, you took something away from someone who had no power and you treated both this man and his wife with disdain and lack of reverenreve. >> david is terrifies and he knows that god knows. he's not only committed adultey but he committed murder. he disregards public outrage and fo forces her to marry him. >> if you go back and read all
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these biblical stories, you will see all of these guys have a lot of wives and they all have a lot of kids. ultimately, the significance of the story is that david's personal family, his house is no longer going to have any piece in it. david is going to be engaged in war in his family's relations, there is always going to be war. lash impact goes sky high. lash sensational sky high mascara from maybelline new york.
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several decades past, and the remaining years of his rule are consumed by chaos. as david is about to die, you can imagine the people in israel asking themselves, what's next? what's next for our kingdom or israel? what's next for this golden age?
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david has to pick a new era and it is important to remember the tradition from the crown always going from father to son is not well established. we are talking about a world in which recently the strongest guy got the crown. this creates this knot where we don't know who the crown is going to go to. >> all the mothers of the different sons were arguing their sons to be made king. >> just as much as the king were making alliances, the wives were making alliances in order to make sure they would be taken care of. b bathsheba was david's favorite
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wife. for david, this was a way of toning to her for what he did. now he's going to make her the queen mother, her son is going to rule over israel. >> after 40 years, king david dies around 970 b.c. and solomon takes his place. if you want to talk about a cold, hearted calculating and manipulated individual, look no further than solomon. solomon does not have david charisma. he does not have the same ability to make everybody follow him through sheer force personality. you see political shrewd ne ss. he grew up in power and wealth
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and consumed by his ora as king that he used it to his advantage. >> he has to somehow make sure that he holds onto power. instead of doing what david would have done and making people love him, he does what any other dictators would do and he carries out a purge. he kills all the pedesrincesses all the brothers and guards who serve other people and he brings in his own. a bit like an american presidents arriving but except with murders added. solomon's ruthlessness is illustrated in the bible by the story of two women claim the same baby.
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solomon smiles and says fine, we'll cut the baby in two and you can share it. this introduces the real mother. the real mother says no, she can keep the baby. that sorry was held up at great wisdom because solomon knew the mind of a mother. that's a pretty sadistic thing to do. i think it is evidence that he was a ruthless man that just didn't want to deal with petty things. he wanted grandiose things. >>. >> as a king solomon is always laborer in the shadow of his father.
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>> solomon's greatest accomplishment was the construction of the temple in jerusalem. and this was a house. >> solomon's father david had brought the arc of covenant to jerusalem and plant it on apparently a rocky high point overlooking the city. what solomon does on top of that rocky, solomon built built a pet house to the god of israel. >> the place where the first temple built by solomon stood. all of a sudden on top of the rock is the foundation of the dome of the rock. the islamic edifice that stands there today, it is the most holy place in western and middle eastern civilization.
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>> at the time the temple is done, it represents israel moving into this place to prosperous and settles a nation with a king whose power is acknowledged by all but also is falling away from the original idea that god was going to dwell with his people and therefore it did not have a physical place for him to be. solomon brought in the cedars from lebanon and he brought in the best stone cutters. he wanted this to be the most beautiful temple in the region. he's determined to be greater than his father. one of the greatest laws in solomon's personality was that he really believed bigger is better with all of his heart.
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solomon forces his people to work grueling hours without pay. solomon is a ruthless leader. he rules on the backs of his own people. anybody who disadpgrees with hi is going to have a problem. people call leaders like this a desperate and so all of this begins to put pressure on the king no kingdom. when this situation gets this bad, insurrection is not common. you can see people rising up and trying to overthrow the king. lash impact goes sky high. lash sensational sky high mascara from maybelline new york. limitless length plus volume. sensational from every angle. lash sensational sky high mascara. only from maybelline new york.
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king solomon built the great jewish temple in jerusalem, it comes at the cost of alienating the people he swore to protect. the people had to work and he forces you into the military. you are being heavily taxed. so it is not really a peaceful kin kingdom. solomon's generals come together to plan an insurrection.
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but their king is one step ahead. solomon crushes the rebellion. the seeds have been planted. >> he essentially ended up being ruthless and featuring a lot of revolts of his policies. >> finally at 931 b.c. king solomon dies. king david was the real deal even with all of his faults, he was the king that israel fell in
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love with and his son solomon was the pretender. but he was strong enough to force these tribes to stay together. by the time solomon was gone, it all fell apart. >> the united kingdom was split. the northern kingdom of siisrae and the southern kingdom which is called juda. they each have their own monarch kings. when this united kingdom comes apart. it becomes israel and juda. that would later become sama ri ah and judah.
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when you study the history of jerusalem and you appreciate the symbolism and you think about what went wrong? what created this big fisfissur between the communities. >> it is largely tied to the way history gets exploited, politicians who would like to go back to the story of king david claimed that what happens in jewish history is a kind of deed that gives judaism and jews for that matter. so essentially what you see is biblical history not as history but as political pop began da. propaganda.
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jerusalem was not supposed to be all about politics. we see it over and over again over the history of jerusalem, we see the rise oaf the king which under the country founded succumbed to the temptation to preserve their own power. power corrupts and we heard this expression. nowhere does it apply more than to jerusalem. jerusalem was made into the city that it is today because of stories like david and solomon. it is the history of jerusalem that makes it the center of the
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world. >> after solomon's rule, jerusalem remains in a state of chaos for centuries. that all changed when a source entered the one clear goal, to conquer the entire world. sexuality has come a long way in sitcom history. >> can you donate a penis to a person who's transitioning? >> daddy -- >> sitcoms talking about sex. >> my underwear. >> and bad relationships. >> i am breaking up with him tonight. >> these shows change the way we think about sexuality.

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