tv CNN Newsroom Live CNN April 17, 2021 1:00am-2:01am PDT
rely on the experts at 1800petmeds for the same medications as the vet, but for less with fast free shipping. visit petmeds.com today. a community, a state, and the entire u.s. is coping with the trauma and toll from another-mass shooting. meanwhile, a new protest over the police shooting of a teenager who had his hands in the air. and a farewell to a prince. in just a few hours, britain's prince philip will be laid to rest. live, from cnn-world headquarters in atlanta, welcome to all of you watching here, in the united states, canada, and around the world. i'm kim brunhuber, and this is cnn "newsroom. "
it's a specific kind of terror, that only seems to, constantly, haunt the united states. mass shootings. the most recent took place, thursday night, at a fedex-ground facility in indianapolis, indiana. eight people lost their lives. that horrific news is compounded by the number of similar incidents, in recent weeks. in fact, it's the 45th-mass shooting in the u.s., since the atlanta-area spa killings, on march 16th. and some cities have had more than one. now, cnn defines a mass shooting as one, in which at least four people are hurt or killed by gunfire, not including the gunman. officials say they won't reveal the identities of the people who are wounded in that shooting friday but they have released the names of those who lost their lives.
they are 32-year-old matthew r. alexander. 19-year-old samaria blackwell. 66-year-old amarjeet johal. 68-year-old jaswinder singh. 48-year-old amarjit sekhon. 19-year-old karli smith. now, investigators in in inside yap lyap lis are combing throug a chaotic crime scene. and reveal disturbing details about how he ended up on law enforcement radar last year. miguel marquez has the details. >> reporter: eight more lives lost in america's latest-mass shooting. >> he was firing in the open, and i immediately ducked down. and got scared. and my friend's mother. he came -- she came in and told us to get inside the car.
>> we heard three-more shots. and then, my buddy levi saw someone running out of the building. and then, more shots went off. >> reporter: the suspect, officers say, has been identified as a 19-year-old man, who was a former employee at this fedex. they say, he entered the sprawling facility near the indianapolis airport just after 11:00 p.m. after opening fire in the parking lot, killing four, he killed another four inside. seven more, injured in the rampage. >> he got out of his car. and pretty quickly, started some random shooting outside the facility. there was no confrontation with anyone that was there. there was no disturbance. there was no argument. >> reporter: police say, he used at least one rifle. they responded within minutes, to what they described as a chaotic-crime scene. the gunman had already killed himself, inside the building. 6. >> i am a little overwhelmed. >> reporter: the fbi is assisting local police in searching the gunman's home and
car. cnn's learned he was known to federal and local officials, after a family member reached out to them warning of a potential for violence. >> we have recently identified him. so now, the work really begins trying to establish some of that and see if we can figure out some sort of motive in this. but we don't have that right now. >> reporter: families of victims and those who worked at the facility gathered at a nearby hotel, as police work to identify the victims. the facility, the second-largest hub in fedex's global network with more than 4,500 employees. in a statement, fedex said the company is deeply shocked and saddened by the loss of our team members. >> nothing we learn can heal the wounds of those who escaped with their lives. but, who will now bear the scars, and endure the memories of this horrific crime. >> reporter: so, this young man was on police radar, in march of 2020, when his mother called police here in indianapolis, to
say she believed he was trying to commit suicide by cop. they went to the home. they checked it out. they took a shotgun from him. that he owned. and they saw something, in his room, or in the house, that war wa warranted them calling the fbi. they, then, investigated and interviewed that young man in april, a month later. they shut the investigation down, they said, because there was nothing that indicated any sort of extremism, of any sort. but it does raise the question of how it was, he was able to get the gun that killed eight people at this facility. back to you. >> now, four of the people killed in indianapolis, half of the number of total victims, were part of the city's sikh community. the facility, where the shootings occurred, reportedly, employs a large number of sikhs, and a another member of that community described the difficulty of sitting with families as they waited for news of their loved ones. he also said the relatively
large number of sikh victims should be part of the investigation. >> given the number of sikhs that work in the facility, we fully expect the authorities should, and will, conduct a full investigation. including, the possibility of bias as a factor. and despite this violence, the sikh community stands with our neighbors and we are ready to do anything we can to help our city heal in the weeks and months ahead. u.s. president joe biden says, gun violence, quote, pierces the very soul of the nation and is an epidemic in the u.s. while addressing the latest mass shooting, he called for congress to finally take action, and ban assault weapons. >> every single day. every single day, there is a mass shooting in this -- in the united states if you count all those killed out on the streets of our cities and our rural areas. it's a national embarrassment, and must come to an end. >> so, what can be done to stop
gun violence? well, ahead, in this hour, i will speak with a gun-control advocate, who is also a former speechwriter for president biden. well, tensions have also been rising in the u.s., after several-fatal police shootings. hundreds of protestors gathered in chicago, outraged over the death of 13-year-old, adam toledo, last month. as night fell, there were some standoffs between police and protestors. anger has been reignited, after recently-released body-cam video showed the moments an officer shot and killed the teen during a chase. now, police say, the shooting was a split-second decision. questions, now, surround whether or not the teen was holding a gun in his hand. cnn's martin savidge breaks down the video. and a warning, it's disturbing. >> reporter: this is the moment when police killed 13-year-old, adam toledo. newly-released body-cam video showing the officer, identified as eric stillman, firing one shot as toledo raised his hands in the air. police say, this image, shows
toledo was holding a gun, before stillman shot him. and they say, that gun was found nearby after the shooting. but look closer. when toledo raised his hands, he did not appear to be holding anything. police say that toledo was holding the gun less than a second, before he raised his hands. the family's attorney says, they won't know if what toledo had in his hands was a gun, until she has the video forensically analyzed but doesn't change what happened. >> adam complied with the officer's request. dropped the gun, turned around. the officer saw his hands were up and pulled the trigger. >> reporter: officer stillman's lawyer says the officer was left with no-other option and that he feels horrible about the outcome. but he was well within his justification of using deadly force. >> that officer had eight-tenths of a second, to determine if that weapon was still in his hand, or not. the officer does not have to be
wait to be shot at or shot, in order to respond and defend himself. >> reporter: police say they were responding to alerts of shots fired in the early-morning hours of march 29th. surveillance video appears to show someone shooting toward a car. the new body-cam video shows the chase that ensued moments after officers arrived on the scene. prosecutors are now charging a 21-year-old man with toledo at the beginning of the encounter. they say the gun recovered at the scene of toledo's killing matched the shell casings found at the first location where the car was fired on. and that toledo's hands and gloves dropped by the older suspect tested positive for gunshot residue. the white house, today, called the new video chilling. >> too often often in this country, law enforcement uses unnecessary force, too often resulting in the death of black and brown americans. the president has, again, repeatedly said that he believes we need police reform. >> reporter: the family of adam toledo says they didn't know their son had been killed by police until two-and-a-half days
after he died. the reason according to authorities is he had no identification on him. and the man arrested with him gave a wrong name. it is adding to the anguish and the anger on the streets of chicago. martin savidge, cnn, chicago. in minnesota, hundreds took to the streets outside the brooklyn center police department for a sixth-straight night, demanding justice following the police shooting of daunte wright, last sunday. demonstrators were seen throwing objects at police, who used pepper spray and flash bombs in response. police eventually declared the protests unlawful assembly and quickly moved in making reacts and dispersing the crowd with rubber bullets. and a riot has been declared in oregon after a group of people were engaged in what police call criminal activity. crowds have gathered to protest in a portland park, friday night, after a man was shot and killed by policement authorities say some participants were seen breaking windows and robbing businesses. police say they made several
arrests, during the incident. all right. coming up here on cnn "newsroom." the u.s.-covid vaccine campaign has hit a major milestone. but still, covid-19 case numbers are trending upward in almost half of the country. we'll find out why. and later, a sad, momentous day for britain's monarchy as it prepares for the funeral of prince philip. we are live in windsor, next.
hundreds of british-military personnel have been training to take part in prince philip's funeral later today. more than 700 troops will be part of the ceremony. now, the funeral begins in a little more than five hours, from now. at 9:45, eastern time. the procession including prince philip's coffin will leave windsor castle. eight-minutes later, it will arrive on the steps of st. george's chapel. at 10:00 a.m. eastern, tshe uk will observe a nationwide minute of silence.
then, prince philip's coffin will be carried into the chapel. and the funeral service will begin. anna stewart is in windsor for us. anna, what more can you tell us how it will unfold at the funeral and the public, who might want to pay respects, as well? >> morning, kim. it is a terribly sad day, isn't it? beautiful and sunny. tributes been pouring in all week, and i think that has been some comfort, to them. but of course, that final farewell at a funeral is never easy. some comfort, perhaps, to be had fo for her majesty, the queen, that prince philip is going to be very present in the proceedings today. big hand in organizing it. he meticulously planned some elements. and it will feel like a really personal funeral, particularly, with the navy and other branches of the armed forces. now, in terms of timing, we do expect the coffin to be moved from the private chapel within less-than-two hours time. it will be moved so it is ready
to be picked up by the pallbearers who will bring it out at 9:45. with over-700 personnel from the armed forces, lots of military bands. it is a short procession. it will only be eight minutes long. and it is outside st. george's chapel followed by some members of the royal family, including, of course, his children and grandchildren. prince harry included. he is back from california. there will be a gun sounded by the king's troop royal horse artillery and that will mark the beginning of a one-minute silence. it will be in stark contrast to all the pomp and pageantry and leading up to that moment. another gun will sound, to end that. and a coffin will be moved by the royal marines, into the church. and that will be when the service begins. only-30 people there, kim, as a
result of the pandemic. ly terribly small. it will be sad to see the majesty, the queen, sitting on her own. they will all be wearing masks. there will be no singing for the congregation. a choir of just four will be singing hymns. many of them picked specifically by prince philip. this service will really reflect his life and legacy. it is going to be terribly sad. but hopefully, also, a celebration of his incredible life and legacy. >> absolutely, all right. thanks so much, cnn's anna stewart in windsor, england. so let's turn to charles. he was the press secretary to queen elizabeth from 1990 to 1997 and he is joining me from brighton, england. thank you so much for -- for joining us here. i want to start with the -- the archbishop of canterbury has said the funeral will be an anguished moment for the queen. can you give us any insight into that conflict, that will, no doubt, be -- be playing out? so outwardly, the queen will feel the need to show, you know, poise and dignity. but inside, obviously, so distraught.
>> well, i think, first of all, it's a very public moment. the passing of prince philip, after 73 years of marriage and a hugely important public life is not a moment to pause and, of course, is a very sad moment for the queen. but it's, also, a moment to celebrate the public service of prince philip. and his constant companionship and support of the queen, as well as being able to do so much in his own-public life to help the cause of young children, the environment, technology, the arts. you know, he did a huge amount, as well, in his own rite. what he did is essentially a sad moment of the funeral but, also, a celebration of his life and his support of the queen for many years. the longest reign in our
history. and one of the longest marriages in history. >> you've said that the queen has been, sort of, prepared for philip's death. how so? >> well, i think, first of all, in a very long life, which prince philip had just short of 100 years. they have enjoyed an enormous amount together. and i think an important, but little-discussed point is that the queen is a woman of very strong faith. and so was prince philip. he had an interest, not only in christian faith but in all sorts other faiths, as well. so, i think the queen will be, very much, supported by her own faith. and the knowledge that this moment was going to come, at some point. so, it will be a sad moment. but also, i think, a very fine moment celebrating an outstanding-public contribution by, both, the queen and, of course, of her husband.
>> you've -- you've spoken there about the longevity of their relationship. but tell us a bit more about it, from -- from the inside. i mean, from the outside, we only see the -- the sort of carefully-manicured impressions there. but behind the scenes, in those more casual moments. i mean, we were just showing some pictures, earlier, of them sitting together in the scottish highlands. sort of a bit more casually there. what -- what was it like in those more unguarded moments? >> well, i think it was a very close relationship. it was a very good team. and certainly, as a member of -- of the royal household, it was a pleasure to support and be present on public occasions with the queen and prince philip on a walkabout or meeting people. you know, they were a great combination, formal and shire personality of the queen. and the very outgoing, easy nature of prince philip. able to joke and to talk to
people in a nice way. in a way that naval officers learn to do living in close quarters on ships and so on. so, i think, it was -- they're a marvelous team to work -- work for, in that way. they're both trusting in their characters. but what they were joined by is, first of all, a very long and strong marriage. but also, an equal commitment to public duty. and trying to, you know, in ways, make a contribution to a slightly-better world, in many different fields. >> we heard from our reporter there, anna stewart, that -- that -- that this will be a more spartan -- more sparse funeral than usual because of the covid restrictions. is that -- is that a real shame, considering the length of service the prince has rendered? or is it fitting given that he said he didn't want too much pomp and fuss? >> he -- prince philip's certainly someone who didn't
like pomp and fuss. and especially, he didn't really want it for himself. so, i think, he'd have -- he would have been smiling if it ended up being rather a small funeral. but, of course, he was very much involved in the planning of it. with the -- the land rover hearse that will carry his coffin to st. george's chapel. the hymns and psalms of the sea. there will be a lot of him in it and i think it will be an occasion which, thank goodness, has -- is being televised and will be enjoyable all over the world. not only as a -- as a dignified and stylish farewell to him. but also, you know, marvelously historic chapel, which has seen many royal services. over a thousand -- certainly, more than 500 years. so, i think, all of that comes together very well, today.
and, of course, covid restrictions have meant that it's a smaller service. but in a way, i think that's a good thing. the monarchy is a great thing, at the apex of society. but i think, for the queen, and for members of close family who will be in that very small service. they will be in the position, millions of other people have had to endure this past year of losing a very close member of the family during this time of restricted-covid conditions. so, it is small but the occasion is enormous. and it will be seen all over the world, as a spectacular example of public service, i think. >> yeah. you -- you've just referred to the -- the members of the family that will be there. and, of course, many eyes will be drawn to princes william and harry. this is the first time they have seen each other in over a year. after the -- the very-public rift. do you think this might be a
chance to -- to mend their relationship? >> well, of course, one always hopes on these family occasions, if there are tension or difficulties, it can help to heal them. but i think, you know, the queen's focus will be, very much, on -- on what the farewell to -- to her husband. and what i think for her children and grandchildren. they will, also, be equally and steadily focused on -- on remembering and cherishing the memories that they have of this extraordinary father, grandfather, and great-grandfather. and i think, widely, in our society and actually around the world, people will be celebrating and recalling the pleasure. this degree of very public service of, you know, seven decades. >> charles anson in brighton, england. thank you so much for all your insights there. we really appreciate it.
>> thank you. zbh zbh . and ccnn special coverage begins at 8:00 a.m. eastern time, that's 1:00 p.m. in london. violence is erupting across the u.s. mass shootings, police brutality, and public outrage. we will talk about ways it might be stopped, coming up. plus, as myanmar's military kills more civilians, deposed-civilian leaders want to form their own army. stay with us.
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president joe biden is calling this tragic trend a national embarrassment. meanwhile, protests in several cities have erupted over shootings, and other violence by police. cnn's tom foreman looks at the stories that have emerged just this week alone about the violence that is robbing america. >> reporter: eight people gunned down at their workplace. >> i immediately ducked down. >> reporter: stunned survivors. >> more shots went off. somebody went behind their car, to the trunk. and got another -- and got another gun. and then, i saw one body on the floor. >> shots fired. shots fired. get an ambulance over here now! >> i just shot him. >> what is going on? >> back up. back up. >> reporter: that was just the latest in a horrifying week of violent moments. so many, that officials at all levels are cautioning against any-excessive backlash. >> there is absolutely no justification, none, for
looting. no justification for violence. >> reporter: many of the incidents have involved police. in minnesota, the fatal shooting of an unarmed, young man, daunte wright, during a traffic stop. police say it was an accident. spurred a week of protest and some became violent. >> everybody keeps saying justice. but unfortunately, there's never gonna be justice for us. >> i cannot breathe. >> reporter: tension was already up around the trial of a former-minneapolis police officer, charged with killing george floyd, by kneeling on his neck more-than-nine minutes. derek chauvin says he's not guilty. the jury has not spoken. others have. >> our hearts are aching, right now. we are in pain, right now. >> reporter: in chicago, another, disturbing video emerged. a police officer chasing 13-year-old, adam toledo, and shooting him, dead. police say, the teen had a gun.
the family says, he did not when the officer shot him. >> if you are shooting an unarmed child, with his hands in the air, it is an assassination. >> get out of the car now. get out of the car. >> reporter: in virginia, vide from last december came out, pepper spraying and forcing an army officer to the ground, again for an alleged-traffic violation. >> this isand all of that comest a backdrop of other mass shootings in colorado, georgia, and elsewhere. the political-cold war in washington and the pandemic which has taken well over a half-million lives. so the vice president's response to the indiana killings could have covered it all. we've had more tragedy than we can bear. in normal times, any of these incidents might spur calls for new laws and new attitudes and change. calls, which typically don't lead to much. but in the past few weeks, the nation has been hurt so deeply,
so many people, shocked and outraged. the potential for future change, in this case, is not, at all, clear. tom foreman, cnn, washington. matthew litman is the executive director of 97% gun reform and joins me now from los angeles. he is also a democratic strategist and former speechwriter for senator joe biden. so, here we find ourselves, again. except, you know, looking at the big picture, it seems, even worse, if possible. according to the statistics, you know better than i do, the -- the gun violence archive says this was the 147th mass shooting in america, since january. by this time, last year, there were 83. and since the spa shootings, here, in atlanta, a month ago, there have been 45-mass shootings. it's just -- it's just incredible. is it more useful to start thinking about these types of gun deaths, as, you know, less
as tragic and sensational outliers and more as a -- as a core public-health issue? >> well, that's a great point. it is a public-health issue. and this year is going to be worse than last year. there is no question. because last year, people didn't gather as much, in public. this year, they are. so, that's why you are seeing this big increase in these mass shootings. but also, at the same time, more people have guns in the united states. and what that may mean is that some people who shouldn't have guns do have them. and they are using them. and that is's the situation we d ourselves in now. >> to try and stop -- i was struck by something in indianapolis. city council member told anderson cooper in her state it's easier to get a gun, than the vaccine. on gun control, president biden, your -- your former boss, said congress has to do something. earlier this week, he was urging democrats to go after the liability protections for gun
makers. first, for you, what would be the best-case scenario? and second, i mean, how realistic would it be? given that, you know, since all those shootings earlier this year, the senate still hasn't sent a sing measure to the floor on gun legislation? >> very fair. they are going to send a measure to the floor. you know, it's interesting. the most popular legislation in the united states, in any area, is universal-background checks. which is favored by 97% of the country. a person could reasonably ask if it is favored by that many people, why don't we have it? another thing that is very much favored by people in the united states and this includes gun owners and non-gun owners. red-flag laws which have even a better chance of probably getting through congress. for example, they are supported by lindsey graham. the republican, from south carolina. now, will they pass? well, that's the tough part. we are trying to get gun owners more involved. you know, as gun owners basically feel the same way as non-gun owners. they're just not heard as much. so, is it possible that it passes?
it's possible. but this is a very difficult road as it's been for a long time. >> yeah. i mean, the -- the political realities here, you say, you -- you want to get gun owners onboard. but, you know, when -- on the republican side, anyway, the only message that they get. at least, in conservative media. is that -- that any measure, no matter how small, is basically they want to take your guns away. and -- and republicans are almost twice as likely to own guns as democrats. >> so, it's a good point. so, the -- it -- it -- many people feel that it is a slippery slope. that they are taking away your guns. and then, they are going to take away everything else about your life, right? that is the argument that often gets made but that argument is really made by a very small amount of people, who are very vocal. over 80% of gun owners, for example, favor universal-background checks but you don't hear a lot about that. but the truth is most gun owners want the same things as people who do not own a gun.
there is no -- legislation that is more favored than universal-background checks in the united states. however, the way that the senate is set up is that some senators have a much-bigger say, than the population of their state should indicate, right? so in other words, you could be from a small state. but your say is just as big, as if you were from california. and you have an equal voice, and that's the way the system works. so unfortunately, the way that it works right now is that we are about at probably 55 senators favoring background checks. you need 60 and we're not there right now, unless we get rid of the filibuster. >> yeah. and that looks increasingly-less likely. but even if congress were to act, which -- which, given the past, seems unlikely. then, there are the courts, right? with the current balance of power, strongrly favoring republicans. chances are, the supreme court would be -- would be more supportive of second amendment challenges to gun laws, unless -- unless democrats expand the court. >> well, so, no one is talking about getting rid of the second amendment.
that's not up for -- for -- up for grabs here. most people are in favor of the second amendment. but there is also just being smart about it, right? we have driver's licenses. we have seatbelt laws. we have all sorts of things. you don't want to get -- let somebody who is a criminal, for example, or has a violent history, have a gun. most people are against that. so, that's what we are talking about. it's not a second-amendment issue. we believe in the second amendment. most americans believe in the second amendment. however, there are ways to be smart about this. if there were universal-background checks, most people wouldn't even notice it in the places it exists. it's favored by the people in those states. so i don't think that the courts would get very much involved in a background checks issue. >> all right. wellers let's certainly hope that something at least is done. we appreciate your time, matthew litman, thanks so much. >> okay. thank you. coming up. here on cnn "newsroom." months after they were kicked out of office, in a military coup, myanmar's elected leaders
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stomach area pain, and swelling. could your story also be... about ibs-c? talk to your doctor and say yes to linzess. ♪♪ several of myanmar's ousted civilian leaders are forming a shadow government. they are calling it the national unity government that stands in opposition to the military junta that stole power from elected leaders, back in february. n now, here they are. they are taking an oath of aufts office online. they say they want to form their own army as well. paula hancocks is tracking these developments from bangkok. so, paula, what does this actually mean? take us through how this would work and what effect, if any, it might have on the situation there. >> well, kim, the last question, first. really, what impact does it have
on the ground? and -- and the reality is it will have very little impact, in the short-term. it doesn't make any difference, to the military. it doesn't change the bloody crackdown that is going on within that country, at the moment. but what we have seen, certainly via social media, listening to -- to protestors and activists. they welcome the creation of this national-unity government. so potentially, it could give hope to those who are fighting, back, against the military coup, which happened on february 1st. so, what we understand, at this point, is that some of the positions have been listed. we know that aung san suu kyi, the ousted leader, will be state counselor. but, of course, she is detained. we know that she is currently going through a -- a court case from the -- the military. so, it's very difficult to see how they can physically form. most of the people who are named as -- as having significant positions are outside of the country. others are within the ethnic areas. but the -- those that have formed this national-unity government say that the key, now, is to make sure that they
can get international support, and international recognition. we know that conversations have started, also, with the u.s.-state department. and certainly, that is what they are pushing for, now. let's listen to -- to one of the main people within this national-unity government, dr. sassa. >> we are democratically-elected leaders of myanmar, yeah? it's free and fair. election was free and fair and it was democratic. so, if the free and democratic world reach at us, that means they -- at democracy. it's very simple. that means they reject the people of myanmar. >> also, a plan to form a federal army using some of those armed groups in the ethnic areas. groups which have been fighting against each other for years. so while it all sounds very good, in practice. the devil certainly could be in the detail. kim. >> yeah, absolutely.
all right. thank you so much, paula hancocks, bangkok. appreciate it. >> japanese prime minister yoshihide suga said he had serious talks on china's influence with u.s. president joe biden. mr. suga is the first-foreign leader to visit the biden white house. the two leaders agreed to work together to respond to china's aggressive actions in the region. today, prime minister suga and i affirmed our ironclad support for u.s.-japanese alliance, and for our shared security. we committed to working together to take on the challenges, from china and on issues like the east china sea, the south china sea, as well as north korea, to ensure a future of a free-and-open indo-pacific. china's embassy, in washington, criticized the meeting. saying, in part, the scheme of the u.s. and japan will only end up hurting themselves.
well, the u.s. has just hit a major-covid vaccine milestone. the cdc says more than 200 million doses have now been administered. and starting next monday, every-adult in america, will be eligible to get one. but well, what about children? cnn's nick watt has that part of the story, as well as the latest on the trouble with the johnson & johnson vaccine. >> what i am most concerned about, the numbers which are most on my mind are the rising cases and hospitalizations among those who are not vaccinated. >> reporter: average-new daily cases up more than a quarter in just a month. those more contagious variants, now, account for about half of new infections. so? >> the administration is investing $1.7 billion, from the american-rescue plan, in an effort to more effectively track emerging and circulating variants across the country. and to better under -- prepare the country for the next pandemic. >> reporter: vax news now nearing a quarter of the u.s.
population fully vaccinated. come monday, every adult in america will be eligible. but, no johnson & johnson shots, for at least another week. a cdc committee will meet, again, next friday, to weigh if benefits outweigh potential risk. reports of these blood clots after vaccination appear to be, literally, about one in a million. and? >> putting this vaccine on pause for those of us that are frontline, health-care workers, has really been devastating. >> reporter: meanwhile, pfizer says this. >> there will be likely a need for a third dose, somewhere between six and twelve months. and then, from there, there be annual vaccination. but all of that needs to be configured. >> ongoing, already, are clinical trials looking at a boost of the original virus vaccine, as well as a boost with a variant specific. >> reporter: researchers also now testing the pfizer vaccine
on kids. and kids, as young as 2. the key? what size of dose is best? for little bodies. now, two teams of doctors, one in the u.s., one in the uk, say they are getting close to figuring out what is causing those rare blood clots seen after some astrazeneca and johnson & johnson vaccines. they say, this will help to treat those clots. whether they are linked to the vaccines or not. and remember, there is no-established connection, so far. here, in the u.s., the biden administration position is, listen. this temporary pause on johnson & johnson should, in fact, increase confidence in these vaccines. because the safety system works. this should not increase vaccine hesitancy. nick watt, cnn, los angeles. cuba is entering a new era, after 60 years of castro-family rule.
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cuba. raul castro is stepping down as the head of the communist party there, after 60 years of rule by himself and his late-older brother, fidel. castro received a standing ovation at the party's congress, friday. as he endorsed the next generation of leaders. our patrick oppmann takes a look at the six decades of castro rule. >> reporter: for over-60 years, there has always been a castro at the helm in cuba. in 1959, fidel castro's upstart revolution suddenly took power. forcing u.s.-backed dictator to flee the island. at castro's side, his most trusted deputy and younger brother, raul. who is charged with turning the rag tag army into a disciplined military. along with castro's leftist sympathies, in april, 1961, the u.s. sent an army of exiled
cubans to take back the island. on the eve of the invasion, fidel cass tro declared cuba toe a socialist state. castro's forces met the army as they landed in cuba at the bay of pigs. a name that would become synonymous with failure as cuba's fledgling revolution improbably defeated the u.s.-backed troops. cuba became an ally of the soviet union, and fidel castro, a permanent thorn in the side of nine-u.s. presidential administrations. castro would be, both, president and head of the communist party in cuba. the maximum leader, cubans called him. a dictator, according to the u.s. then, in 2006, with cuba's economy, still, struggling in the aftermath of the collapse of the soviet union. fidel castro fell, mysteriously, ill and nearly died. there was no-clear transition plan, cuban officials admit.
but his brother and longtime enforcer, raul castro, was the obvious choice. two-years later, as it became evident fidel castro would never be able to return to power, raul castro took over permanently, as president. and first secretary of the cuban-communist party. castro has said he would begin a transition to a new generation of leadership in cuba. and step down, after ten years in office. in 2018, he turned over running the day-to-day operations of the cuban government to his handpicked successor, miguel diaz-canel. and now, 60 years to the month after castro defeated the u.s. backed forces at the bay of pigs and cemented their hold over cuba, raul castro, 89, is stepping down as head of the party. the rare revolutionary, who lived long enough to retire. and after that, if my health permits it, castro said in 2018,
i will be just one more soldier with the people defending this revolution. cuba, without the castros in power, looks, pretty much, the same. a destroyed economy, a one-party state. a still-contentious relationship with the united states. but for cubans, the end of an era has arrived. patrick oppmann, cnn, havana. that wraps this hour of cnn "newsroom." i am kim brunhuber. i will be jacin just a moment w more news including britain's monarchy, as it prepares for the funeral of prince philip.
♪ the eight people gunned down in the latest u.s. mass shooting are identified by police as troubling new details emerged about what police knew about the shooter last year. plus, anger in the streets. demonstrators call for justice after police release a video showing an officer killing a 13-year-old boy. the final farewell. in just hours, britain's royal family gathers to lay prince philip to rest. we will have all of the details on today's funeral service. live from cnn world headquarters in atlanta, w