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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 12, 2022 4:00am-4:31am BST

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you're watching bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories: the us attorney—general defends the fbi's decision to search donald trump's florida home, and says he wants to reveal what they found. firefighters from across europe send help to france as it struggles to tackle so—called monster wildfires. new research shows the arctic has warmed nearly four times faster than the rest of the planet over the last a0 yea rs. the grim job of recovering and identifying the victims of the war in ukraine. we have a special report. and the restored mural in an english pub, painted as payment by a local artist and drinker.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. we begin in the us, where the reasons behind monday's fbi search on the florida home of former president, donald trump, and a list of items seized during the raid, could be released to the public. that's after the us department ofjustice broke with custom to ask a court in florida to unseal the documents. the former president has until friday afternoon to object to the release which was requested by the us attorney—general merrick garland. i personally approved the decision to seek a search warrant in this matter. second, the department does not take such decisions lightly. where possible, it is standard practice to seek less intrusive means as an alternative to a search and to narrowly scope any search that is undertaken. a search warrant was authorised by a federal court upon
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the required finding of probable cause. the property receipt is a document that federal law requires law enforcement agents to leave with the property owner. the department filed the motion to make public the warrant and receipt in light of the former president's public confirmation of the search, the surrounding circumstances and a substantial public interest in this matter. from the us department ofjustice, our north america correspondentjohn sudworth has more. well, in the week we have had that news of the unprecedented search of a former president's home by the fbi, another highly unusual intervention, the press conference by the attorney—general merrick garland taking place in the building behind me in which he made it clear he was going against long established precedent by speaking out on an ongoing legal issues. his motivation?
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donald trump's own public statements and that full—barrelled assault by the former president's supporters in which they are accusing the fbi and mr garland's own department of engaging in politicised justice. mr garland said he was seeking to have the search warrant and the list of items taken from mr trump's home made public, something that will, in a way, put the ball more firmly back in mr trump's court because if he were to oppose that motion, it would look like he has something to hide. there has been no real response from donald trump yet other than a few social media posts in which he has, for example, accused the fbi of going through the former first lady's clothes during their search, but nothing engaging with the substance itself, and merrick garland's main point, which, far from an attack on the
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principles ofjustice, the search represented justice taking its true and rightful course. earlier i spoke to david jackson, political correspondent for usa today. i asked him if thejustice department have explained why they've broken with convention when it comes to this case in their desire to publish this material. probably they are talking about behind the scenes. the attorney—general is tired of being attacked by donald trump and other republicans and being accused of malfeasance in this matter so he has decided to try and get the information out there to show that, in his mind, the investigation and search is entirely warranted. mr trump can object to this public release. will he? it's a good question, that's the $64,000 question. he is now huddling with his lawyers and discussing what to do, and he could object because there is a distinct possibility there are some embarrassing things in that search warrant, and the return of search, but i think the betting money is that he will go and allow it and attack
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whatever comes out. he's pretty much committed to the idea that thejustice department is out to get him and he's got to feel like this won't hurt him. the washington post is reporting that some of the documents seized during this raid by the fbi were related to nuclear weapons. what more do we know about this? well, we know there are a lot of rumours flying around about what is in these documents and what kind of things president trump removed from the white house on his way out in 2017 and nuclear weapons is certainly one of them. this whole issue revolves around classified, very sensitive classified information including weapon systems, relations with other countries, particularly rivals like russia and china, so there is potential for a lot of explosive information in these things but we should point out there is a distinct stability when this search return does become public, there will be an awful lot of redacted stuff in there because the government is concerned about classified information getting out, it's highly unlikely they will spell out what this classified information is so even
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in the next couple of days, we still may not find out exactly what is in these documents. this search itself was inflammatory, whether you're a fan of mr trump or not. for his supporters, it fuelled the argument there is a witch—hunt ongoing and for his detractors, it stoked anger towards the former president. were you surprised the fbi and the doj took this approach and raided his home in the first place? yes, i am, it is stunning. this whole thing began earlier this year, president trump had removed like 15 boxes from the white house and included papers that he should have given to the national archives, and that was never under dispute, and it also came out some of this information was classified but president trump turned over those boxes to the archives in earlyjanuary and, at that point, the archives asked ourjustice department to investigate to make sure there was not any malfeasance involved in his taking of these documents. during the course of the investigation, it was learned that trump had still more boxes of documents he took from the white house, stuff we previously had not known about. the two sides have been negotiating for months how
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to get that information and according to thejustice department, president trump has stonewalled so they decided to go ahead and launch what was an unprecedented search of his home. it's an extraordinary event and we can't help but think they did it because they think there is something very serious there. let's get some of the day's other news. police in the us state of ohio say they've shot dead a gunman who tried to break into an fbi office in cincinnati. the suspect fled the building after setting off an alarm, and was cornered after a car chase and an exchange of gunfire. police say they tried to negotiate with him, but shot him after he raised a weapon. thousands of brazilians have joined protests in defence of democracy, amid fears that presidentjair bolsonaro will try to remain in power if he loses 0ctober�*s election. mr bolsonaro has repeatedly cast doubt on the electronic voting system. he's also attacked supreme courtjudges who will supervise the vote.
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one of france's best—known cartoonists, jean—jacques sempe, has died at the age of 89. he illustrated the internationally best—selling little nicholas series of children's books that idealised childhood in 1950s france. he was also the most prolific front—cover illustrator of the new yorker magazine. heatwaves, wildfires and drought are continuing to affect large parts of europe. in the south west of france, 1000 firefighters have been mobilised to tackle what they've described as a monster blaze. a number of european countries are sending equipment and help. it's prompted increasing concern about the effects of climate change. 0ur correspondent in france mark lowen sent this report. a cloak of fire shrouding south—west france. a landscape of beauty turned to horror... flames tear through the gironde, destroying almost 7,000 hectares, fanned by winds, searing heat and france's worst drought on record.
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a tranquil village last week, a ghost town this one, with 10,000 people evacuated. firefighters and planes have come from across europe to help france manage a nightmare that keeps recurring. translation: we must continue more than ever to fight _ against climate change, and we must continue to adapt to it. we will begin debates on a new climate change plan this autumn. elsewhere in europe too, fires rage. in spain, galicia is one of a dozen regions battling them. while in portugal, flames have destroyed more than 10,000 hectares of forests, scarring the night sky. how quickly our earth is drying up. this was france a year ago. and now look — lush land turned to wasteland, forests and fields barren. paris may be looking glorious in the sunshine, delighting its tourists, but we are, of course, facing a very
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serious situation. crops across europe are dying, worsening the global food crisis linked to the war in ukraine. extreme droughts and heatwaves that were freak events are now becoming more common and progressively worse. france's fourth successive heatwave is being lapped up by some, but despite the pleasure, they know the pain is deepening. i think if this summer has taught people anything, it's that this is happening and it is happening now. these temperatures are extreme, and if people don't start to act, it's only going to get worse, by the looks of it. because we are the new generation, we have to live on this planet. it is going really bad. we are a little worried about our future. france is taking the heat of what we are doing to our world. the postcard beauty may look stuck in time, but the planet is changing, and there is fear of what is to come. mark lowen, bbc news, paris.
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fire let's stick with the topic of climate change for the time being. new research has shown the arctic is warming four times faster than the rest of the world — much faster than previously thought. the research says some parts of the region are warming up to seven times faster, including the area around svalbard in northern norway. scientists examined satellite data gathered over the last four decades. rick thoman is a climate specialist from the university of alaska in fairbanks. he gave me more details on the research. it was a very thorough study released. i want to stress that 4—7 times is for the period since 1979 some of the other numbers that we hear, 2—3 times, typically referred to a much longer period, say a century or even maybe since 1900 and what that really means is that the rate of warming in the arctic is increasing very rapidly.
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what is driving this accelerated warming, specifically in the arctic? really, much of the change in the arctic is the result of changes in the frozen part of the environment of the arctic, especially changes in sea ice and on land, changes in snow cover, particularly the length of the snow cover per season. the sea ice changes, notjust the area with ice, although that is important as well, but there has been a dramatic thinning in the last a0 years of sea ice. there is very, very little that is old, 3—year—old ice in the arctic and that used to make up more than half of the arctic ice so when you have thinner ice, you can get more heat from the oceans underneath into the atmosphere and a shorter snow cover season on land allowing that land to warm up. that is really the two big drivers. you are just outside the arctic circle, a couple
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of miles down the road in fairbanks. what real—life changes do you see as a result of this where you are? certainly here in interior alaska, we've seen those changes in the snow cover season. in western alaska, the changes in the seasonality of sea ice are very, very obvious, impacting people in all manners of their lives. here in alaska, we've had another big wildfire season, more than a million hectares burned here in alaska, 1.8 million hectares burned in north america this season, so these big seasons are becoming very much more frequent and when you burn that much land, that many trees, it produces massive amounts of smoke so even when we are far from the flames, the air quality is terrible here in fairbanks. we have six weeks of really,
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really poor air quality. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: we'll tell you about the restored mural in an english pub, painted as payment by a local artist and drinker. the big crowds became bigger as the time of the funeral approached. as the lines of fans became longer, the police prepared for a hugejob of crowd control. idi amin, uganda's brutal former dictator, has died at the age of 80. he's been buried in saudi arabia where he lived in exile since being overthrown in 1979.
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two billion people around the world have seen the last total eclipse of the sun to take place in this millennium. it began its journey off the coast of canada, ending three hours later, when the sun set over the bay of bengal. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the us attorney general says he personally approved the decision to search donald trump's florida home and would make the court documents public. firefighters from across europe offer to help france as it struggles to tackle monster wildfires near bordeaux. the united nations secretary
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general has urged both russia and ukraine to cease all military operations around the zaporizhzhia nuclear plant. at a meeting of the security council, the united states and china have both called for un experts to be allowed urgently to visit the plant in russian—occupied southern ukraine. both kyiv and moscow blame each other for the facility being shelled. it's europe's largest nuclear complex and was reportedly struck five times on thursday. the head of the un nuclear watchdog has warned that fighting near the site has sparked what he called a grave crisis. since russia invaded ukraine at the end of february it's been impossible to know how many soldiers and civilians have been killed. the challenges in identifying and repatriating soldiers killed in the conflict means that, according
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to the ukrainian government, only around 400 fallen fighters from either side have been returned home. as wyre davies reports, when occupied villages are taken back — it's a painfully slow and difficult process to recover the dead. a warning his report from kharkiv in eastern ukraine contains some distressing images. at the very start of this war, russian soldiers were filmed entering the suburbs of kharkiv. some of the fiercest fighting took place in and around this eastern city. while the russian troops were eventually repelled, kharkiv came under relentless shelling and rocket attack. some occupied villages between kharkiv and the nearby russian border have been liberated. there was an unexploded one sticking out of the ground, right in the middle of the road. but the road to momotove, littered with the detritus of war, is still too dangerous for most civilians to return. and before people come back, there is important work to be done. momotove has to be made safe, and bodies, many of them buried
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at haste in shallow graves, have to be recovered. this village was deep inside russian occupied territory. it's still a live firing zone, as you can probably hear in the background. what with these guys doing now, they're locals, they're digging up the bodies of russian soldiers who have been killed in the fighting. after they have been bagged, they will be taken away for dna sampling, and eventually they will be repatriated to russia itself. piled on top of each other, the bodies of six russian soldiers. yuri, the grave digger, takes this grim work in his stride, and even though these men, when alive, were fighting to defeat ukraine, he feels for theirfamilies. translation: it's not difficult, but it's not i pleasant work either. these men have people waiting for them at home — mothers, fathers, and children. i understand that, because i used to serve in the soviet army myself.
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it's russian police national guard. russian. little giveaways like unit badges help with identification. some of these men fighting for russia may have even come from pro moscow regions of ukraine. it's messy and dangerous work, even as more bodies are uncovered, reminders that this is an active war zone. loud explosion ukraine says it's meticulously trying to identify those killed, a railway goods yard their resting place for now. the repatriation of war dead does happen, but it is sporadic. "we find plenty of russians", says lieutenant colonel 0leksandr kutsenko, from the repatriation unit. "recently we did a 160 for 160 body swap in the south, "but most of those were found here, in the kharkiv region."
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the bodies we saw being dug up have been repatriated, but with no end in sight to this war, the number of dead will inevitably go up, and more bereaved families on both sides will anxiously wait the return of the fallen. wyre davies, bbc news. the un's asking for a clear commitment from the ukrainian government to end the institutionalisation of disabled children. it follows bbc news reports from five facilities in the south of ukraine that found teenagers tied to benches, adults living in cots and severely malnourished children. human rights officials say the war�*s made their situation even worse and called on ukraine to right its historic wrongs. there are nearly 700 such institutions across the country with parents encouraged to give disabled children up to the state. more than 30 people
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have been injured, at least one seriously, after a roller—coaster crash at a theme park in germany. the incident took place at the legoland resort near the town of gunzburg in bavaria. it's not yet known why two carriages collided, but an investigation is under way. tim allman has this report. the crash happened at around quarter to two in the afternoon local time. a place normally devoted to joy and excitement now the setting for a terrifying and potentially life—threatening incident. dozens of people were on board the fire dragon ride when things went terribly wrong. in a statement, legoland germany explained:
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according to local media, three helicopters were deployed to the scene and more than a dozen people were sent to hospital. fire crews had to help some who were still trapped on the ride. according to the lego website, fire dragon is suitable for children aged six and older if accompanied by an adult. and eight—year—olds can, if they're tall enough, go on it by themselves. a spokesman for the park thanked all emergency personnel and wished everyone a speedy recovery. an official investigation is under way. the park will reopen, but, for now, fire dragon remains closed. tim allman, bbc news. john gilroy, the post—world war ii artist, liked a drink or two. in fact, he's best known for his advertising posters for guinness. and this unique mural in the bar of a hotel in england's county durham is an indirect result. gilroy was one of the most popular artists of the last century and now this work has been restored by specialists. and the mural, in case
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you were wondering, was his way of paying the bill. danny savage has the story. in a traditional english bar in the hills of county durham is a unique work of art. a mural of dickensian frivolity, created by an artist who liked a drink. why did he do it? legend has it that he'd run up a bar bill, basically for the gin that he'd drunk while he was here. and he can't even remember painting the spider that's on the wall. the man with the brushes back in 19116 wasjohn gilroy, famed for turning toucans into the instantly recognisable brand of guinness. the animals are not caricature to much, but they were, i thought, always happy. there's nothing... they were very british. he even caricatured himself as the zoo keeper. to think this is his first
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mural, it's incredible. in the last few weeks, we were given special access to its restoration so it can last another century. i would absolutely love it if he was just to walk in, you know, order a drink and look up and go, "oh, it lasted quite well." and you know, that to me would be perfect, job well done. do you think there's that feelgood factor in a room where you should be feeling good? yeah, definitely, like, especially the wall behind us. it's kind of people up dancing, they're drinking. it's kind of a pub environment, but a veryjolly one. once you see other people having fun, even if it is in a painting, you kind of feel happier yourself. gilroy didn'tjust make up the characters in the mural, they were all staff, customers or regulars at the time, and they've had quite the makeover. who's the ancestor on the wall then? my grandpa. which one? this one here, with his top hat and his cane.
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but we didn't know he had a cane until it was restored. and the man who pushed for the restoration has been added to the scene. people no longer say to me, "you're no oil painting," because now i can say, "oh, yes, iam." years of cigarette smoke had damaged the original. that will no longer be a problem in this lovely old bar. danny savage, bbc news, greta bridge, county durham. police in brazil have arrested a woman accused of swindling her mother out of more than $140 million worth of fine art, cash, and jewellery in a bizarre scheme involving psychics. the 82—year —old alleged victim is the widow of one of brazil's foremost art collectors. her daughter sabine is accused of using people claiming to be psychics to extort much of her fortune. there is much more on all the stories on the bbc news website. 0ryou
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stories on the bbc news website. or you can download the bbc news app. you can reach me on twitter. please do get in touch. from all of us from the team in london, thank you for your company and we will see your company and we will see you next time. bye. hello. we've seen the heat intensify day by day so far this week, and for many of you, the heat is set to peak, even through friday or indeed saturday. most places on both days sitting under sunny skies yet again. the main risk areas, of course, of the highest of the temperatures, the greatest impacts for health and transport, covered by the met office amber extreme heat warning, still in place all the way through to sunday across a good part of england and east wales, where we start with the highest temperatures on friday morning. a little bit fresher on the countryside, particularly northern england, scotland and northern ireland. and, here, a very pleasant start, a few mist and fog patches dotted around. for most of you, they will clear. and for the vast majority, again, it's going to be another day of blue skies from dawn till dusk. a few exceptions, though. eastern coasts of england, from lincolnshire northwards, we could see some mist and see fog patches just drift ashore — not many of them.
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certainly more for eastern coasts of scotland, and in the far north of scotland, our weather front�*s still there. not producing as much rain or drizzle and the better chance of some brightness, so maybe a little bit warmer compared with thursday. but elsewhere, away from these eastern coasts, where the mist and fog rolls its way in every now and again, it's going to be an even warmer day — temperatures 36 celsius potentially through parts of the midlands. and then into the evening, a warm evening in store. most will be under clear skies again, but mist and low cloud becomes more of an issue, eastern scotland and through the central belt, towards the glasgow area. it means temperatures won't drop as much here compared with what we see into friday morning. and a warm night elsewhere, particularly so west wales and parts of west cumbria, to the west of high ground. we'll see really temperatures hold up. could see temperatures above 20 degrees for some. and that sets us off to a very warm start to saturday, lots of sunshine again, but again there's that risk
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of some mist and low cloud across the eastern coasts. bit more sunshine developing across the north of scotland. temperatures across england and wales peaking at around 35—37 degrees. probably the highest temperature in and around the london area by this stage. but there are signs of a change. through into sunday, an area of low pressure pushes out of france, which will then sit in place for the start of next week. splotches of blue, yes, they are indeed the chance of rain, potentially some quite nasty thunderstorms as well. and with the ground dry, that could lead to some flooding in one or two spots. but, being thunderstorms, they're going to be very much scattered around, hit—and—miss. most places still dry and sunny until late in the day, still pretty hot. temperatures drop as we go into next week, only slowly. the nights stay warm, but there is that potential
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the us attorney—general has defended the justice department's decision to seek a search warrant for former president donald trump's residence in florida. merrick garland said his department would now be applying for a court order to reveal what it was looking for and what it had found. heatwaves, wildfires and drought are continuing to affect large parts of europe. in southern france, 1,000 firefighters have been mobilised to tackle what they've described as a monster blaze. a number of european countries are sending help. it's prompted increasing concern about the effects of climate change. and staying with climate change — new research suggests the arctic is warming significantly more quickly than previously thought, at on average four times the rate of the rest
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of the world. scientists examined satellite data gathered during the past


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