this is bbc news with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. britain is proposing to double the number of soldiers it's deployed in eastern europe, as nato weighs up options people in northern ireland remember the victims of bloody sunday when british soldiers opened fire on a civil rights march 50 years ago. the row over a rise in uk national insurance to fund health and social care — borisjohnson and the chancellor say it will go ahead despite strong opposition. and in the us — a fierce snowstorm hits the northeast — bringing high winds and flooding in some areas. and right to disconnect — belgium bans out—of—hours calls and emails from the boss
hello and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world. britain is considering sending hundreds more troops to bolster the defences of nato allies in eastern europe amid the build—up of russian forces on ukraine's border. the prime minister, borisjohnson says he's ordered the armed forces to prepare to deploy across europe next week. russia has massed around 100—thousand troops — as well as tanks, artillery and missiles — near ukraine's border, but denies it plans to invade the former soviet republic. our defence correspondent, jonathan beale, reports. britain already has more than 800 troops in estonia as part of nato�*s response to reassure allies after russia's invasion of crimea in 2014.
now, borisjohnson says he is considering doubling that number in the baltic state and sending more military hardware, including long—range artillery rockets, to bolster the defences on nato�*s eastern flank. rafjets based in cyprus could fly nato air policing missions over bulgaria and romania. tensions have already been rising in the black sea, where last summer, hms defender was harassed by russian ships and aircraft. the royal navy could send warships to patrol these waters and the eastern mediterranean, though details have still to be worked out and approved by nato allies. borisjohnson, seen here visiting the british battle group in estonia, says increasing the uk's military presence will send a clear message to moscow. more is being asked of britain's smaller armed forces. but its focus is notjust
on deterrence, but diplomacy, too. this week, he will talk to president putin and visit eastern europe, while the defence secretary ben wallace will also be travelling the region to rally support. jonathan beale, bbc news. speaking on the bbc�*s sunday morning politics, nato's secretary generaljens stoltenberg told the bbc explained nato's stance on sending troops to ukraine. we have no plans to deploy nato combat troops to ukraine. nato allies have trainers there. we help them from nato with building capacity, modernising their defences, including their cyber defences. nato allies also provide equipment, defensive weapons like the uk has now provided, for instance, anti—tank weapons. so we do a lot of stuff to help ukraine strengthen its ability capability to defend itself.
but again, ukraine is not a nato ally, so the 100% security guarantees that an attack on one ally will trigger a response from the whole alliance, that applies for nato allies, not for a close and highly valued partner. britain's foreign secretary liz truss says while the uk is trying to help ukraine, it's highly unlikely that british troops will be fighting side by side with ukrainians if russia does invade. it is very unlikely and the defence secretary has been clear about that but we are training up ukrainian soldiers, 20,000 troops in ukraine, we have supplied anti—tank missiles, defensive weapons, we are giving support to the ukrainian navy. we are giving support to the ukrainian energy sector to help them become more energy independent so we are really giving every possible support we can to ukraine and we are one of the leading donors of lethal aid to
ukraine to make sure they are in a the best possible position to defend themselves against russia. for the latest from ukraine here's our chief international correspondent lyse doucet in kyiv. welcome to the ukrainian capital where ukrainians know all too well what we just heard from jens stoltenberg, the secretary general of nato. as the president put it last week if there is an escalating war here in ukraine it is the ukrainian armed forces and all the many volunteers signing up that will have to do battle with the russian forces. but ukraine welcomes every offer, every measure of support offered by nato allies, including a signal they say will be shown when borisjohnson visits this region and the concrete support presidentjoe biden announced, 81 tonnes of ammunition,
the fourth batch of military and technical support in recent weeks arrived here in ukraine. russia says it has no plans to invade ukraine but we see troops massing along the border and ukraine says it is preparing for the worst while saying it is not certain russia will invade. if they do, what is the balance of forces? we are joined by an associate fellow at the russian eurasia programme at chatham house. welcome. firstly, what impact would a doubling of nato support, as mentioned by borisjohnson, make to the ukrainian armed forces? it would make an enormous difference in terms of filling the gaps. we know from previous examples
when russia basically invaded the russian territory, ukrainians were pretty defenceless, they did not have anti—tank weapons and now this is exactly what the uk has been sending. so where ukraine has weaknesses like when it comes to tanks, the uk is stepping in. so it makes a big difference. but also the british military advisers and trainers have been there in ukraine so it is a very different story from what we had eight years ago when the conflict in eastern ukraine started. i know it is a very speculative business but when you see the russian troop formations, when you see the heavy weaponry massed along the border, would you say russia is preparing for some kind of incursion? yes and no. it is actually difficult to tell because of the very opaque decision
making structures in the kremlin. we know that russia absolutely prefer to use the threat of invasion as psychological persuasion, persuading ukraine by a military use of force to deliver on political demands from russia. now this is a game changer because this mass of trips around ukraine, not only around russia but also the black sea and belarus, says that russia does not only use covert measures but is an aggressor. so from that point of view it is a double—edged sword. 0n the one hand, russia can exert pressure on ukraine and the west, and on the other hand there can be no doubt whatsoever that russia is involved and is party in this conflict rather than as a mediator,
the way the kremlin has preferred to present russia for eight years now. a situation watched closely in many capitals, above all here in the ukrainian capital, kyiv. thank you very much forjoining us with your assessment from chatham house. the world will be watching ukraine all this week with the expected visit by borisjohnson to this region but also a un security council meeting on monday to focus on russia's moves in this region and the concern that an invasion of some kind of or an incursion could be imminent. events are being held in londonderry to mark the 50th anniversary of bloody sunday — the day soldiers from the parachute regiment shot dead 13 civilians at a civil rights demonstration. the killings in 1972 were one of the defining incidents during the conflict in northern ireland. 12 years ago, the british government apologised for the shootings after a public inquiry found
the victims had posed no threat. thousands of people, including relatives of those killed, to mark the 50th anniversary have come out to the streets to walk the route of the original parade and march 50 years ago. the irish taoiseach micheal martin was among a number of officials who laid wreaths at the bloody sunday monument in memory of those who died in the events that changed the course of irish history. the irish minister of foreign affairs, simon coveney, also laid flowers at the memorial. 0ur reporter kevin sharkey is in londonderry for us and has more details about today's events so far. thousands of people have taken part
in a commemoration walk through the city here this morning along the original route of the ill—fated parade in 1972 and what was notable this morning as it was led by children, the children of families of those who were killed and those who were injured on bloody sunday. a signal of how the legacy of that fateful day in this city still moves through the generations here in derry. later, a service of remembrance during which the names of all those who died was read out, followed by individual applause. six of the people who died that day were 17—year—old boys. the taoiseach, the irish prime minister and the ministerforforeign irish prime minister and the minister for foreign affairs both laid wreaths here today on behalf of the irish state. commemorating a day which changed the course of irish history. which changed the course of irish histo . ., ., , which changed the course of irish histo . . ,, ., ~ , earlier, i spoke to
denis murray who covered the events that became known as the troubles for the bbc for many years. he looked back on the events of that day. it was such a shock at the time. and for a variety of reasons. one of them was that these were the people who were there to protect life, were taking life. it was british soldiers firing on a civil rights march, a civil rights march. it did britain's reputation around the world, terrible damage and i think it continues to do so and i think it was a terrible shock to the british public because that did not happen here, it happened elsewhere, it was the sort of thing that happened in czechoslovakia and in poland when risings were put down by the soviet state. and it was a terrible shock to everybody. many years after the event, i met a former parachute regiment officer from northern ireland who had been in the regiment at the time, he was not on duty that day and he said it was
a blot on the escutcheon, was the phrase he used, did terrible damage as well to an elite, the elite regiment, if you like, of the british army and the british army itself. and what then compounded it was the widgery tribunal, the original inquiry into bloody sunday which was shown to be a bunch of lies, frankly, when the saville report came out. it did not tell the truth. and what happened at the time was as well the british army insisted there was a gun battle which there demonstrably was not and that all the dead had been carrying weapons or nail bombs which they demonstrably did not. so the saville inquiry was a brilliant thing in many ways because it did what a lot of the families were looking for, what all the families were looking for which was the truth. i think the hillsborough families will tell you the same thing, thatjust hearing
the truth told on their behalf because the victims there were blamed as well. that is a liberation but when you getjustice as a result of it, in terms of someday being prosecuted, i doubt that is ever going to happen now. 50 years on with the saville inquiry, as you say, having uncovered the truth, and there have been government apologies, david cameron apologised on behalf of of the government. in london. where do emotions sit today? it's still very raw. ironically, this isn't terribly well known in britain but the bloody sunday we are talking about came 52 years after the first bloody sunday when british forces again fired on an unarmed crowd at a sports stadium in dublin, croke park, 1a people killed that day as well. here, you and i, 50 years on talking about bloody sunday in derry,
derry is a very resilient place, the people are resilient as well, and there is a unique atmosphere to that city, there always has been. and i think the city has bounced back very well. the headlines on bbc news... britain is proposing to double the number of soldiers deployed in eastern europe, to increase pressure on russia amid heightened tensions over ukraine. the uk foreign secretary liz truss says it's "highly likely" that russia's president vladimir putin is looking to invade ukraine. both the uk prime minister boris johnson and the chancellor say a widely—opposed rise in national insurance will go ahead to fund health and social care. borisjohnson and the uk's chancellor, rishi sunak, have pledged to push ahead with a rise to national insurance — a tax rise — in april,
despite growing conservative backbench pressure to delay or abandon it. in a joint article in the sunday times, they say every penny raised will go towards boosting the national health service and social care. the pledge comes amid pressure on the prime minister over reported parties held at downing street during england's lockdown. earlier, i spoke to our political correspondent ione wells about this rise in national insurance and whether the prime minister was able to silence backbench critics over the move. there have certainly been quite a lot of reports over the past couple of weeks that the prime minister himself was feeling a little bit nervous about this tax rise going ahead and that was after pressure from backbench tory mps, both around the recent scandals surrounding the parties in downing street during coronavirus regulations, but also a number of conservative mps saying that they felt this tax rise in april should either be paused or even completely rethought, because of the rising cost of living
generally, due to inflation and energy bills also going up. this article today by the prime minister and the chancellor appears to put any of that kind of speculation to bed. they have been very firm that they will be going ahead with this tax increase and that will certainly cause some upset on those tory backbenches, some of whom are very concerned about the fact that this would mean that workers and also employers would be paying more tax from april and, as i say, at a time, when energy bills are also due to go up. this could also mean that the impact that we see day to day would see certain businesses also putting their prices up to try and pull off some of that cost that they will be facing from april. is this part of the bigger picture of the government trying to get back on the front foot after so much focus on what was happening in michael downing street during lockdown? i think this is certainly one of several announcements that the government has been pushing out this weekend, the other one on their plans to level up the whole of the uk and address regional inequalities. as you say, trying to divert attention away from the scandals around
downing street parties. i think it is interesting as well that the prime minister has, as i say, put this speculation of him wavering over the tax rise to bed and that does suggest that he is perhaps a little bit more confident in himself about that threat from tory backbenchers, the fact that he is so willing publicly to kind of say that he will not be heeding their calls to pause this rise. it is also really interesting the fact that he has penned this article with the chancellorjointly, after weeks where the chancellor himself has been privately sounding out some colleagues for support in any potential future leadership contest, if one was triggered. i think the fact that they have both decided to pen this together is certainly trying to send quite a clear signal of unity publicly that is anyway, and having said that, though, i do not think this will necessarily quieten some of those angry tory backbenchers about this issue, with some senior conservatives even this morning, like robert halfon, saying that the cost of living now needs
to be an absolute priority, both for the prime minister and the chancellor, too. south korea and japan have reported another north korean ballistic missile launch — the seventh missile test in the space of a month. pyongyang has not tested its long—range intercontinental ballistic missiles or nuclear weapons for nearly five years, but has instead launched an array of sophisticated shorter range projectiles, including hypersonic and cruise missiles. the country's leader, kim jong—un, called on the military to develop its technology and capabilities, ignoring us calls for talks on denuclearisation. one of the strongest winter storms in years is continuing to batter the east coast of the united states. more than 60 centimetres of snow fell on parts of new york state, as well as in massachusetts, where high winds have caused more than 100,000 power outages. several states have declared emergencies and residents across the eastern seaboard have been told to avoid unnecessary travel. here's our north america correspondent, peter bowes.
a blanket of snow covers times square in new york city, the streets largely deserted as most people hunker down at home. this has been a colossal storm — a �*bomb cyclone' as it is known — a combination of heavy snow and strong winds approaching the strength of a hurricane. this winter wonderland in the heart of new york city is fun for some, but heading out for a selfie moment is not advised by the authorities. the blizzard conditions can be extremely dangerous. the snowscapes in new york are repeated across great swathes of the eastern united states. boston airport in massachusetts is under a thick layer. across the region, around 6,000 weekend flights have been cancelled. in many neighbourhoods, snowploughs and salt spreaders have been working for hours to try to clear the roads. many homes are without power.
you get the prevailing north—east winds — it really impacts the coastal areas. they get that strong wind that comes off the ocean so in addition to having to deal with borderline historic amounts of snow, you get the winds thatjust push all of that water onshore. along the coast, battered by strong winds, flood warnings have been issued as the storm moves northwards. with frigid, potentially life—threatening temperatures overnight, officials are urging people to stay indoors until the storm passes. this is what is the dangerousness we are talking about — we're expecting temperatures in the single digits tonight, into tomorrow morning, and this is when frostbite kicks in — look at how serious that can be — so, we're trying to remind everybody take this very seriously. the worst of the snowfall is almost over but the dangers posed by the extreme conditions will linger, with a huge clean—up operation likely to last several days. peter bowes, bbc news.
scotland is bracing itself for storm corrie later this afternoon after two people were killed in the midst of storm malik yesterday. 0ur reporter chris clements spoke to us earlier from glasgow. looking around just now, you would not really think it had been bad at all, fairly calm and pleasant morning here in glasgow, but the met office has issued weather warnings, a warning of the arrival of storm corrie this afternoon, in the north and north—east of the country, that is an amber alert, which will expected to bring winds of 90 mph from this afternoon onwards. that will be just a day after storm malik caused major disruption in scotland. here in glasgow, we did not see the worst of it, but if you look behind me just now, you will see the
160—year—old tower of the old trinity college building. that had structural deterioration issues which were made worse by the high winds yesterday and the police have actually set up an exclusion zone around that site and evacuated many of the homes here. by far the biggest impact was felt in the north—east. 16—year—old woman died in aberdeen after being struck by a treat. already, scot rail saying they will suspend the passenger services from 6pm this evening, energy supplier sse moving to a red alert status warning that major disruption can be expected in the next few hours. major disruption, scottish government says, should continue for the next few days. the israeli president, isaac herzog, is in the united arab emirates on the first visit there by an israeli head of state. mr herzog said it was a privilege to make history. the israeli prime minister
naftali bennett visited the uae last month in a bid to strenghen ties after the two countries normalised relations. thirteen people have been killed and another ten injured in mexico after a vehicle overturned. emergency services from jalisco state said the truck flipped into a ditch on a highway often used by catholic pilgrims visiting a local shrine. the nhs covid vaccination programme in england has been extended to vulnerable children aged between 5 and 11—years—old. eligible children include those with diabetes, epilepsy and learning disabilities or those who live with somebody who immunosuppressed. here's our science correspondent, pallab ghosh. xavier is 11 and he's among the first in his age group to have a covid jab at the emberbrook health centre in surrey. he has epilepsy, which makes him more vulnerable to the virus. the overwhelming majority
of children have only mild symptoms, but there are around 500,000 5—to—11—year—old who are more at risk, and the government has decided that they should be vaccinated. more than 850 sites have been set up across england, and this is xavier's message to any young children worried about having a jab. it's not as stressful as you may think. everybody here is quite nice, and you get a sticker at the end. children will get two ten microgram doses of the pfizer vaccine at the centre, eight weeks apart — a third of the amount used for adults. well, i think it is very important for them to be brought in and to be seen, so that they can regain some sort of social interaction, they can get back to the normal activities and daily living that the rest of us take for granted. the scottish government has also started to send letters to parents of at—risk children, inviting them to be vaccinated. they're also being asked to come forward in northern ireland. pallab ghosh, bbc news.
you are watching bbc news. the lifting of covid—19 restrictions has so far relied on high levels of vaccination. most people have now had three jabs against coronavirus, but there are still those who haven't yet had their first — due to a fear of needles. special sessions are being held in vaccination centres in lincolnshire to help people overcome their phobia. anne—marie tasker has more. covid jabs are something we are used to seeing on the tv, and that most have experienced first—hand. but for one woman from skegness, even the thought of getting this close to a needle makes her faint. jenny smith has had a phobia of injections since she was at school, and was almost sick when she tried to book an appointment for a covid vaccination. i do really want it, i am not an antivaxxer at all.
a lot of people will not understand it, they will just say, "turn away, don't look, it is just a few seconds." those people don't understand. when my other half actually went for his first jab, i literally sat out in the car park in the car, and i really, really felt faint because i knew what he was going to do. why am i reacting like that? it is not even my injection, not my vaccine. how did you feel when your partner and your mum and dad went for their injections? i kind of started feeling jealous. i was really happy for them but just secretly thinking, why is that not me, why can ijust not be as brave as them and just do it? last year, we saw this man spend over three hours trying to overcome his fear of needles to get a jab. so for those people with a phobia, the vaccination centres in boston and lincolnshire showground are hosting special walk—in sections next week.
a lot of it is around trust, working through people's anxieties, so it depends. each individual that comes through the door is very unique. nationally, i know around one in ten people is estimated to have a fear of needles. jenny has had three months of therapy for her phobia. her homework is forcing herself to look at images of needles and building up from there. i was really bad, i could literally not even say the word "needle". now i feel stupid for that, but he would even teach me literally, to write the word "needle". the next step, i would guess, from what i have been told, is actually holding a needle in my hand. i want to get to that point i can have that vaccine, and join the club. tennis and the men's final of the australian open is taking place in melbourne — and it's turning into quite a match. russia's daniil medvedev is cu rently two sets to one up against rafael nadal. the spaniard of course, is trying to win an unprecedented
21st grand slam. and he's been fighting hard against his younger opponent. now it's time for a look at the weather with sarah keith lucas. hello. while many people are still picking up the pieces from storm malik, the weather's set to cause more disruption later today as storm corrie moves in from the northwest. before it arrives much of the uk seeing quite a dry, quiet sort of day, some sunshine holding on all day towards the south and the east, but cloud and rain moving in from the northwest, heading particularly windy for northern ireland and western scotland later on. and the rain will be preceded by some snowfall over the higher ground, too. here is storm corrie — quite an active, potent area of low pressure moving across scotland. lots of isobars on the map. so particularly windy spell of weather for the northern half of the uk. we've got a yellow warning for 50 to 60 mile per hour gusts, but across the north of scotland, an amber wind warning from the met office gusts could reach 80 or possibly even 90 miles per hour — enough to cause some significant disruption sunday night,
particularly and into monday morning. the main area of strong winds and rain slowly clears to the east during monday morning, still further blustery showers around, too. bye for now. hello this is bbc news. the headlines... britain is proposing to double the number of soldiers deployed in eastern europe, to increase pressure on russia's president amid heightened tensions over ukraine.. it is highly likely that he is looking to invade ukraine, that is why we are doing all we can through deterrence and diplomacy, to urge him to desist. both the uk prime minister boris johnson and the chancellor say a widely—opposed rise in national insurance will go ahead to fund health and social care. a ceremony is taking place in northern ireland to mark the fiftieth anniversary of bloody sunday, when british soldiers opened fire on a civil rights march.