welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines... russia readies for possible conflict over ukraine, but says there is room, for further dialogue with the west. vaccine—maker moderna says an omicron specific shot is on the horizon but can drug makers really keep pace with new variants? two weeks after a devastating under—sea volcanic eruption devastated the island of tonga, we'll find out how the clear up operation is progressing. and to mark holocaust memorial day — prince charles unveils portraits of seven holocaust survivors — the paintings will go on display in buckingham palace. live from our studio
in singapore... this is bbc news. it's newsday. hello and thanks forjoining us. russia has suggested it may be open to holding further talks with the united states as part of attempts to de—escalate the crisis in ukraine. the kremlin described some of washington's proposals as a starting point for a "serious conversation" — but it warned its main security concerns had not been properly addressed. key to what russia will do next is vladimir putin. is he trying to stop the eastward expansion of nato or has he already made up his mind to invade? here's our moscow correspondent, steve rosenberg. the world is still puzzling to piece together a picture of what vladimir putin is thinking. what he's planning... what are his intentions
in ukraine and in europe? russian muscle flexing... ..is one piece of the geopoliticaljigsaw. military exercises and 100,000 russian troops near ukraine's border are fuelling fears of a russian invasion. so are moscow's demands. we just ask our partners in nato countries — get out. get out from our borders. get out from post—soviet countries, because it's threatening to russian people, to russian citizens and time is running out. another piece of the puzzle — the kremlin had insisted ukraine be barred from joining nato, but america's rejected that demand. so now what? what happens next depends
on whether america's offer to negotiate with russia on some aspects of europe's security will be enough to satisfy vladimir putin. if it's not, if, as some fear, president putin's aim is to dismantle the european security order as it is now, then expect long—term friction between russia and the west. vladimir putin cut a lonely figure today as he remembered the world war ii siege of leningrad. across europe, there are fears of a new war, but is russia's current and very public sabre rattling really a precursor to conflict? after all, this is a leader who normally employs the element of surprise. this is one of the reasons why i do not believe that putin is going to invade ukraine, because if he really intended to start a military operation in ukraine, probably we would be the last to learn about it.
at the gorky park ice festival, everyone we spoke to thought it unlikely that the cold war with ukraine and the west was about to turn hot. "russians don't want war", she says. "we've experienced that, we know how terrifying war is." the russian public has no appetite for war. they're hoping neither do their leaders. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. president biden has spoken to by to the ukranian president about an attempt to decrease tensions — 0ur washington correspondent, barbara plett usher, told me more about what was said during that call. well, i think one of the highlights of the white house ——well, i think one of
the highlights is the promise of financial assistance. the white house are saying there were already giving more than $1 billion in humanitarian and development aid to ukraine, but they will explore macro financial assistance to bolster the economy of ukraine because it is suffering from the pressures of the russian military build—up. ukrainian officials have been saying they are not looking to borrow money exactly for that to bolster the economy because they are having difficulty accessing capital markets because of the tensions surrounding the build—up. the other point i noted in the read out of the call is that the president stressed that the us embassy in kyiv was open and functioning despite the state department orders that the families of diplomats should depart. ukrainians have voiced concern about that. they said it was premature, that it sent the wrong signal about the risk and instability level and made a point of saying most embassies are staying put for the family members were staying put. that may be why that was included in the assessment of the call between the two leaders. barbara, the us has also called on china to help use its influence to defuse tensions between russia and ukraine, saying that it's
in china's interests as well to do that. you know, how likely is that to happen, and what is the possible outcomes of that kind of directive from washington to beijing? well, china has called for a peaceful resolution to the conflict. it always calls for, almost always calls for a diplomatic solutions to crisis, and it may have influence with russia because the two countries have been drawing closer together, both of them, their relations with the west, and especially with the us have grown more and more tense. that is the point, really, that relations between the us and china are at their lowest in years. so, when the chinese foreign minister spoke about the state departments request to take steps to bolster diplomacy, the response was, well, nato and the us should also take seriously what they call the reasonable security concerns of the russians, that all sides have had actions that hype up the crisis. a bit sort of chiding there, i think.
analysts are of the view that it's unlikely china would take strong steps to back washington and its standoff with russia. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. president biden has confirmed that he will make an african—american woman his first nomination to the supreme court. mr biden made the announcement at the white house as he appeared alongside the liberal justice stephen breyer, who is retiring, and will step down at the end of thejune. the first female president of honduras, xiomara castro, has been sworn in at a ceremony attended by thousands of her supporters. in her inauguration speech, the left—wing politician said she'd inherited a broken country, but promised to implement social justice and transparency. she comes to power twelve years after her husband, manuel zelaya, was deposed
in a military coup. these were the scenes in tehran after iran booked their place in the world cup finals. they recorded a i—nil victrory over iraq at the azadi stadium in the capital — securring their place in qatar with three games to spare. it will be iran's sixth appearance in the finals — and the third in succession. the uk prime minister, borisjohnson, has rejected claims he personally authorised the airlift of animals to the uk, following the fall of kabul to the taliban. it comes after emails from officials suggested he'd intervened to help pen farthing's charity in afghanistan. labour says, he's been "caught out lying". us—based moderna says it is on track for an 0micron specific coronavirus vaccine. there are questions about the extent of new shots
needed in the two—year pandemic and if moderna, pfizer and astrazeneca among others can keep pace with mutations. moderna's chief medical officer dr paul burton, gave me an update on the company's new vaccine — and what is likely to come next in the pandemic battle. this week on wednesday we announced two big pieces of information, the first was some data published in the new england journal of medicine looking at how our vaccine holds up against omicron after a six—month booster. the data is good, they are reassuring that we do see waning. another thing we announced as we said is that they started off with the study with about 600 people testing out omicron specific booster. we think that's going to be an integral part of keeping people safe and protected, even as omicron perhaps subsides as we go into the winter of this year. so for a full booster. doctor burton, we have talked a lot about boosters and vaccines on this programme.
i'm sure many of the audience are wondering how long will we continue to need boosters for as we emerge out of the pandemic into what some countries are calling an endemic. look, i think the data says that we will be able to get out of the pandemic into the endemic phase. when that happens, i'm not sure. we still see staggering caseloads of omicron here in the united states, europe, around the world. death rates remain very high. hospital hospitalisation rates are at an all—time high today. i think we can get through this, spring will come, we should get a period of stability as case counts go down, but i think we are going to need a regular yearly booster that will keep people protected as they prepare for winter. that's what we are planning to do and what we are aiming to do with the study that we have launched now. what about
the developing world? as you rightly pointed out, there are huge parts of the world that are currently seeing another wave of coronavirus infection, specifically omicron, but many in the developing world haven't even had theirfirst shots. is the development of boosters coming at the expense of providing those first shots to people in the developing world ? look, i think 2021 was a difficult year for all of the vaccine producers and manufacturers. it was a difficult year to get supply under way and to get it out to countries that need it. i would say that in 2021, madera not provided about 25%, —— i would say that in 2021, moderna provided about 25%, about 825 million palaces of the vaccine to low and middle income countries. we have committed to providing another billion doses this year. i think what's beginning to emerge and it's very interesting that the african union, for example, actually declined to take the option
for the second quarter saying that they actually now have enough vaccine supplied to be able to immunise about 70% of africans in africa. i think what we are seeing is a change, a transition from supply constraint now to the logistics where we can actually get vaccines out of ports logistically into towns and villages and into arms. that will be a struggle for all of us this year. something that as a world we have to focus on. act that was paul burton, the chief medical officer of modernity speaking to me a little bit earlier. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... to mark holocaust memorial day — seven survivors have had their portraits painted by different artists, in a special project commissioned by prince charles.
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this is newsday on the bbc. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore. 0ur headlines... russia readies for possible conflict over ukraine, but says there is room, for further dialogue with the west. vaccine—maker moderna says it's begun clinical trials of a booster dose designed specifically to combat the coronavirus 0micron variant. it's been nearly two weeks since an under—sea volcanic eruption and tsunami devastated the island nation of tonga — and since then the international community has been scrambling to deliver aid to people on the ground. the australian and new zealand governments were some of the first to react, sending emergency supplies by sea. the uk is also helping in the relief efforts. britain's royal navy ship, which is carrying aid, arrived off the coast of the island on wednesday. we managed to talk to
captain mike proudman from the royal navy. his ship, hms spey, is now on standby off the coast of tonga. the mission has been incredibly successful so far. then at previous ports, having embarked significant amount, of supplies to come and assist the tongan people, and we sailed 1600 nautical miles for about four days to arrive as only the second country to deliver aid by maritime units into tonga. approximately 30,000 l of water, and just over 300 first aid kits along with personal protective equipment and sanitation supplies. how are you unloading the supplies to the island? as i understand it, your crew is not able to disembark
because of covid regulations. that is correct. tonga at present has an incredible record throughout the pandemic of covid security, and they are remarkably conscious at the moment, despite the fact that they are trying to recover from this terrible disaster, they are still absolutely focused on their own covid security, which meant in order to disembark with the aid that we had, we had to do that in a completely contactless manner. using our own ship's crane to crane the supplies onto the jetty without putting anybody onto the jetty, any of my own team on there at all and the tongan authorities came and retrieved the pallets and the equipment we delivered to put it into quarantine for 72 hours before it's delivered out to the outlying islands where it is most needed. net captain they are speaking to us from hms...
next week millions around the world will be celebrating the start of another lunar new year. in china, it's an annual tradition to travel thousands of miles by plane, train, bus and car to spend the week long holiday with friends and family. before the pandemic it was considered the world's largest human migration — but now with covid lockdowns in some cities and a renewed 0micron threat, will people be travelling in the same way? well, we can talk to david from the aviation consultancy who has been looking at the latest travel data for us and can shed some light on whether or not this great migration will continue. great to have you on the programme this morning. let's start with that, shelley? is that data showing that there has been an increase or a decrease or are things staying the same?— the same? oh, well, good morning — the same? oh, well, good morning very _ the same? oh, well, good morning very nice - the same? oh, well, good morning very nice to - the same? oh, well, good morning very nice to be i the same? oh, well, good i morning very nice to be with you. depends what you take as
your benchmark year to see exactly how much chinese are travelling and not travelling. the first thing to say is benchmarked against pre—pandemic levels and the chinese travelling southbound beyond china absolutely nothing is happening in terms of that travel. there is domestic travel. there is domestic travel happening in china, and currently, the levels of domestic travel for this chinese new year will be around about a third of what they were before the pandemic. now, you might say is that a good number? well it is not a good number? well it is not a good number benchmarked against the pandemic. in such a good number benched against last year's chinese new year, but actually what that reflects is that last chinese new year, the coronavirus was even more
rampant and destructive than it is now. already 50% ahead of where things were last year for domestic travel in china. indeed. this is such a special time for so many families, so many people who are travelling so that they can meet and celebrate this very special moment. 0urfamilies and people taking the new restrictions that have come into place from the government?— that have come into place from the government? well, the whole sto of the government? well, the whole story of chinese _ the government? well, the whole story of chinese domestic - story of chinese domestic travel actually throughout the pandemic is effectively a tug—of—war between covid restrictions and pent up demand. the chinese love travel, and so what we have seen is because china has its zero covid policy, it doesn't want to have covid escape anywhere. the minute there is the slightest outbreak, the chinese authorities are prone to close down a whole city. that puts travellers off because they are concerned if
they travel anywhere we are co—that might be, they could get stranded. so that makes them very nervous. 0nce get stranded. so that makes them very nervous. once an area is clear of covid and the restrictions come off, demand zaps up. what we have seen in the run—up to chinese new year is, of course, i'm a crime, which is incredibly transmissible and even broken into china. that's because the number of outbreaks. it's caused the restrictions to come on and so travel has been dampened. that's really what's happening. if you say who is travelling and where are they travelling and where are they travelling to, so you mentioned in your question, is this people travelling home? actually, yes but there is an interesting trend, the parts of china that look like they are doing the very best at the moment are actually leisure destinations, so that is probably slicing more chinese wanting to go out for a break. white necked quickly, david, we have the winter olympics coming up have the winter olympics coming up as well around the corner,
are a skiing destination seen a bit of a rise in numbers? 0h, absolutely. leisure is what is winning right now. and we are seeing that if you do a ranking of, let's say, the top 15 or so most popular, resilient, i had destinations in china, the top two provinces where there are lots of skiing resorts, they are nearly up to 50% of pre—pandemic levels in terms of bookings. even where there was a covid outbreak is 35% pre—pandemic levels. the other thing we are seeing is sunshine. so the chinese island has done incredibly well throughout the whole pandemic. it's two top cities, they are both a little bit over 40% of pre—pandemic levels, and there there is an interesting dynamic which is shopping. the chinese love to shop in finance. there
is a special concession on luxury goods taxes and the shopping sales have been going through the roof.— through the roof. david, thank ou so through the roof. david, thank you so much — through the roof. david, thank you so much for— through the roof. david, thank you so much forjoining - through the roof. david, thank you so much forjoining us - through the roof. david, thank you so much forjoining us on | you so much forjoining us on the programme with your thoughts. 77 years ago, the nazi concentration camp of auschwitz was liberated. more than one million people, most of them jewish, were murdered at the camp in occupied poland. ceremonies have been taking place in a number of countries to mark holocaust memorial day. in the uk different artists have painted the portraits of some of britain's last remaining holocaust survivors. the project was commissioned by prince charles and the portraits have gone on display at the queen's gallery in buckingham palace. 0ur royal correspondent daniela relph has more. lighting the darkness this evening for holocaust memorial day. around the uk, buildings were lit to highlight the pain of prejudice and hatred.
holocaust survivors witnessed the worst of humanity. this new collection of portraits commissioned by the prince of wales is about preserving their stories. like lily aberts', who showed the prince the auschwitz number still visible on her arm. while others spoke of their pride at their portraits. i am very pleased and very honoured. artist, portrait and subject, clara drummond painted manfred goldberg. have you been well? the process was challenging. covid meant the sittings began virtually before they could finally meet. hello, manfred! she wanted not only to paint my likeness, but she tried to get sort of into my soul, she tried to paint me heart and soul, and looking at my portrait, people tell me that they can see it in the way she has painted my eyes.
those eyes saw the brutality of nazi labour camps, where manfred was sent with his family. one day his younger brother herman was taken by ss guards, and manfred never saw him again. he did describe it as hell on earth, and it was very hard for me to imagine what it must have been like. it was very harrowing, but i feel that was really important to go there and to realise how dark it had been in order to realise what a bright light manfred is. so much is in the detail of each portrait. aric hirsch rests his hand on his left arm, the arm that bears his auschwitz number. and lily abert is painted with a gold pendant which she hid in the heel of a shoe while at auschwitz. she still wears it today. i thought we owed it to these
remarkable people just- to remember them in this way. there is something very. special about the portrait and about the artist's eye in bringing out the real. underlying character. all the portraits are now on display. rachel leavy. .. ..aric hirsch... ..helen. .. ..anita... ..lily abert... ..ziggy shipper... ..and manfred goldburg. a prince's commission so we all remember. daniela relph, bbc news, the queens gallery at buckingham palace. make remarkable stories of survival there. you can read more about them on the bbc
website. do head there for more information. that's it from us. thank you so much for watching. hello there. after the sunshine on thursday, we've seen clearer skies and lighter winds overnight, so it's pretty chilly out there for many. but the weather is going to change once again because during friday, we're going to find more cloud coming in from the atlantic, and that in turn will bring in some milder air as well. now, at the moment, high pressure is centred more to the south of the uk. we've got these weather fronts bringing some rain towards scotland in particular during friday, but also drawing in these stronger winds from the southwest, bringing in that milder but generally cloudy air as well. ahead of that, though, we do have a touch of frost across more central and eastern parts of the uk to start the day. those temperatures lifting in the west as the cloud comes in. we've also got a few mist and fog patches across parts of england and wales. those will lift. there will be some early sunshine, but many areas are going to cloud over.
we will keep some hazy sunshine in the south east perhaps into the afternoon. a bit of drizzle out towards the west. most of the rain pushing eastwards across scotland as those winds strengthen. drawing in that milder air, so temperatures, double figures for most of us, a little bit chillier towards the south east perhaps. it does stay very mild, actually, overnight. those temperatures aren't going to drop an awful lot because we've still got those run of strong, very mild winds. in fact, it will be very windy overnight across scotland and northern england. some very gusty winds, particularly as that rain band moves down across scotland on that weather front there. but again, that rain, whilst heavy in scotland for a while, is going to become much lighter as it sinks down into england and wales and moves away from northern ireland. after the rain, what there is of it, we're going to find sunnier skies and some showers following on, and a strong wind continues as well, particularly windy in scotland, gusts of 60 mph likely here. southern parts of england may well stay dry, and here we'll see the highest temperatures, 13—14 degrees, it's very mild, but it is turning colder from the north as we get that sunshine and showers mix.
the winds do gradually ease down overnight as that high pressure tries to build in, but this is heading our way for the second half of the weekend. another weather system coming in from the atlantic. chilly start probably on sunday, much cooler than saturday morning. we're going to find some rain heading into the north west of the uk. the winds picking up, but as we move into that cooler air, we're going to find the threat of some snow, particularly across highland and grampian and typical temperatures around 8—9.
this is bbc news. we'll have the headlines and all the main news stories for you at the top of the hour as newsday continues straight after hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk, i'm stephen sackur. what is the galvanising force behind transformational economic change? capitalism encourages us to look to the raw power of markets as the driver of innovation, but is that really true? do we underestimate the importance of the state as a catalyst of innovation? well, my guest today is economist mariana mazzucato. her faith in the transformational power