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tv   BBC News  BBC News  January 21, 2022 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news. i'm nuala mcgovern. our top stories: new images of the russian military build—up as the us warns any incursion into ukraine will be met with a tough response. there is no doubt — let there be no doubt at all — that if putin makes this choice, russia will pay a heavy price. aid planes finally arrive in tonga after a volcanic eruption and tsunami left the country in desperate need of supplies. we'll bring you the latest. a catholic church report finds that former pope benedict failed to act over child abuse when he was archbishop of munich. he denies the claims. and adele breaks down as she postpones her las vegas residency the day before her first show. i'm so sorry, it's been impossible. we've been up against so much and itjust ain't ready.
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i'm so sorry. welcome to bbc news. the united states has, with the backing of its european allies, warned russia that if any of the tens of thousands of its soldiers massed at the ukrainian border invade, there will be grave consequences. the us secretary of state, antony blinken, and his russian counterpart, sergey lavrov, are scheduled to have crucial talks in geneva later, but moscow denies planning to invade ukraine. here's our diplomatic correspondent james landale. it's notjust the russians who are conducting military exercises. these are pictures released by ukraine's defence ministry, showing their forces training close to crimea. it was annexed
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by russia in 2014 and the kind of incursion that ukraine and its allies are trying to deter once again. i've been absolutely clear with president putin, he has no misunderstanding, if any — any assembled russian units move across the ukrainian border, that is an invasion. but it will be met with severe and co—ordinated economic response. in some of the most intensive american diplomacy for years, the us secretary of state has been touring western capitals. he was in berlin today, rallying support for ukraine and appealing directly to the people of russia. you deserve to live with security and dignity, but what really risks your security is a pointless war with your neighbours in ukraine. western allies are threatening russia with massive economic sanctions if there's any invasion. behind the scenes, there are differences over what those penalties shall be, but the public message is united.
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translation: we are in - absolutely close coordination with regard to joint sanctions because we have an absolutely joint assessment of the situation, but also of the reactions with the regard to the security of ukraine. this also applies to sanctions. fresh satellite images appear to show how russia has massed notjust troops near ukraine, but also military equipment. from klimovo to the north to soloti on ukraine's eastern border and novoozerne to the south, near crimea. the diplomacy now moves to geneva where mr blinken arrived for talks with his russian counterpart on friday. but the discussions at his hotel tomorrow may be difficult because the gap between both sides is so large. the americans want to talk about avoiding war in ukraine, but the russians want to talk about their demands for nato to step back and allow moscow to establish a new sphere of influence across eastern europe. in eastern ukraine, they know what that might mean.
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pro—russian separatists have been fighting government forces here since 2014, and the scars are all to see. this 72—year—old woman lives close to the front line. "it is a miracle we stayed alive," she says. "we could have died many times." she's pro—russian and fears a full—scale war. russia denies that is its intention. but its forces are training hard, close to ukraine. the question now is whether all these exercises might soon become the real thing. james landale, bbc news, geneva. let's bring you some live pictures. the british foreign secretary has warned moscow invading
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ukraine would lead to terrible loss of life. all the war in chechnya, she is down in sydney at the moment. cementing ties between the two countries. that is taking place right now. stay with this story. rose gottemoeller was chief negotiator for the us for the new start arms control treaty with russia under barack obama, and also served as deputy secretary general of nato from 2016 to 2019. iam i am delighted she is here to talk through the situation we are following very closely, and you are very welcome to the programme. we are hearing about talks in geneva a little bit later, but with your expertise, what do you think could be a negotiating tool to stop president putin from wanting to have an incursion or invasion into ukraine? it have an incursion or invasion into ukraine?— into ukraine? it is very interesting, _
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into ukraine? it is very interesting, you - into ukraine? it is very interesting, you know, into ukraine? it is very - interesting, you know, actually president putin has put a number of offers on the table in the recent years that nato and the united states have resisted picking up, for example, he made an offer to start constraining intermediate range missiles again in europe, and of course the russians violated the treaty, and that is why the treaty, the united states withdrew from it. but he put some decent offers on the table, and now all of a sudden the united states and nato are saying, yes, let's negotiate, let's figure out if we can put some new complaints in place on missiles, conventionalforces, if we can rebuild mutual confidence. so i think from our perspective, the agenda is open for diplomacy. but what is concerning now is that putin and the kremlin seems to be shutting down the agenda for diplomacy. 50 shutting down the agenda for diplomacy-— diplomacy. so then we have heard of— diplomacy. so then we have heard of course _ diplomacy. so then we have heard of course this - diplomacy. so then we have heard of course this talk - diplomacy. so then we have heard of course this talk ofl heard of course this talk of sanctions and tough response. just how effective can they be?
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any sanctions against high—level figures within russia could have an impact on the us as well? i russia could have an impact on the us as well?— the us as well? i don't think the us as well? i don't think the united _ the us as well? i don't think the united states _ the us as well? i don't think the united states would - the us as well? i don't think the united states would be. the us as well? i don't think. the united states would be so much affected by these sanctions, but it is clear that the european countries, many of them have very large—scale trading relationships with russia, and so i think it is very welcome today out of washington we hear the message that as we hit prose functions on russia, should they invade ukraine, should they take military action against ukraine, we also need to think about mitigating the effect on partners and allies who will be affected economically, and i think that is a welcome message it will be a lot of work to do so. but i think in general it is good that everyone has eyes wide open about these sanctions, implications for the trading partners of russia. we are hearing about these talks later in geneva. what is it like to be in that room? we are curious to be in a position of,
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really, negotiating these really, negotiating these really tricky, tricky details. it is a little bit different situation i think with lincoln. i have been calling it a showdown of the 0k i have been calling it a showdown of the ok corral for your viewers who enjoy american westerns. i think it is that kind of high—stakes encounter. when one is negotiating a strategic reduction treaty as i did, there are many technical details. the overarching politics at that time in 2000 and my were good, president 0bama had a good working relationship with them, the russian president at the time, so we were able to make a good deal of progress under some very difficult circumstances. really interesting. thank you so much for giving us some of your insights there. if you want to know more about whether russia is preparing to invade ukraine, just go to our website where there is more analysis
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and answers to the main questions about this developing story. the first planeloads of aid have arrived at tonga's main airport after saturday's volcanic eruption and tsunami cut the pacific island nation off from the outside world. more flights and several ships are on their way, bringing urgently needed drinking water, food and medicine. the queen has said her thoughts and prayers are with the people of the pacific nation, which is part of the commonwealth. rupert wingfield—hayes reports. for the first time since last saturday's huge eruption, we're finally getting to see what has happened to tonga's main island. along the coast, the damage from the tsunami looks extensive, with many buildings destroyed. in tonga's capital, nuku'alofa, there's a lot of volcanic ash, but the buildings are intact and the clean—up has begun. telephone services are also back, and that means for tongans living abroad,
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the agonising wait for news is finally over. it's a relief to finally hear their voices and to finally know how they are back home. my dad had told me that, you know, they're fine, no major damages to our homes. so, at the moment, i've got family over in the outer islands of ha'apai. i have heard from them and they're doing 0k. who i haven't heard from is my father. i'm sure he's out there working hard, doing what he does. we've also learned of a remarkable survival story. this man says he was swept off a small island by the tsunami and was in the water for more than 2a hours before making it to land. help is now arriving. this is an australian c17 transport plane on final approach to tonga this afternoon. the crew quickly unloaded water and emergency supplies, but, because of covid, they were not allowed any contact with locals. tonga's government has decided
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that until covid is over, the islanders will have to deal with the clean up from this disaster by themselves. meanwhile, another clean—up is under way. the crude oil on these beaches was spilt from a tanker that was unloading when the tsunami hit the coast here, triggered by the eruption in tonga more than 10,000 kilometres away. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in tokyo. the former pope, benedict xvi, has expressed shock at the sexual abuse of children by clerics after a report accusing him of failing to take action in four cases back when he was archbishop of munich in germany. benedict, who was then called josef ratzinger, denies any wrongdoing. 0ur berlin correspondent jenny hill has more details. the world came to know him as pope benedict xvi, but back in the late 1970s and early �*80s,
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he was archbishop josef ratzinger, and he presided over the german diocese of munich and freising. and the report's authors say it was there that he, in effect, failed to act in four child sex abuse cases. they say that he knowingly allowed three priests who had convictions for crimes against children to work in the diocese, and they also focused on the case of another cleric who was a known paedophile when he was transferred to the diocese to carry on working as a priest. pope benedict, who denies all wrongdoing, has said that he knew nothing about the background of that particular man, but the report's authors unearthed minutes of a meeting at which this particular man, his case's transfer, were all discussed, and the former pope said he'd never been at that meeting. the report's authors say that they looked at those minutes and it was quite clear from the minutes that he had indeed been there. we have had nothing directly
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from the former pope who is now in his 90s, but the vatican have issued a statement saying they are going to examine and analyse the report. it runs for some 1,600 pages at least, so there is a lot to look through. they also express their regret at the victims, the number — the hundreds of people actually that the report talks about, the hundreds of children who were abused at the hands of clerics within the catholic church in germany. thank you very much. victims' groups have welcomed the report's findings. i'm joined now by zach hiner, executive director of the survivors network of those abused by priests in chicago. thank you so much forjoining us. a difficult day no doubt also as you begin to look at this report. first, your thoughts, your reaction? yeah, i have to say — thoughts, your reaction? yeah, i have to say the _ thoughts, your reaction? yeah, i have to say the report - thoughts, your reaction? yeah, i have to say the report is - thoughts, your reaction? yeah, i have to say the report is as i i have to say the report is as shocking as it is not shocking. there have been many different reports that have come out over the years that have implicated church officials are the highest level, most recently
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two years ago, the report indicated popejohn paul ii in a cover—up. if it went all the way up to the top they are, it is not a surprise that it continued with benedict. find is not a surprise that it continued with benedict. and of course benedict _ continued with benedict. and of course benedict did _ continued with benedict. and of course benedict did resign - continued with benedict. and of course benedict did resign as i course benedict did resign as pope, that was a shocking moment as well. but this was, and i curious for your thoughts, this was commissioned by the catholic church. this also comes up with some changes that were made to what is considered an offence within the catholic church also, legal system. i mean�*s doesn't give you any hope that things are changing, that these revelations are out there now from this law firm? it revelations are out there now from this law firm?— from this law firm? it does cive from this law firm? it does give me — from this law firm? it does give me hepe. _ from this law firm? it does give me hope, and - from this law firm? it does give me hope, and i- from this law firm? it does give me hope, and i do - from this law firm? it does l give me hope, and i do think things are changing. i think it is an incredibly slow march to turn and institution is old and
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massive at the catholic church, but what we are seeing is other people, the people in the pews, have made enough noise to make this a real issue, and i think this a real issue, and i think this law firm commissioned this report to make sure to raise it to the public before they did so to church officials, and something here in the us saw the opposite happened just four years ago. it is a good part of something we are happy to say. i should be very clear to our view is that it was commissioned by the catholic church and enjoyment more firm work on this report with his findings. what would you like to see happen next? we haven't heard specifically from pope francis for example on this latest report. what next steps would be helpfulfor latest report. what next steps would be helpful for survivors? this one is simple. the revelations about the today help to underscore the need that the church has long sought to protect its reputation at the expense of children
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focusing on reports and discussing allegations in minutes and meetings and having those written down but no—one thought to call secular authorities, no—one thought to call police and have that done? to me that is a simple step. people should be investigating and learning about crimes i trained law enforcement professionals. so what should have been done long ago is to stop building up internal systems and instead mandate that any church employee from cardinal downes custodian is a mandated reporter and should report anything that they see or suspect police right away. secular law enforcement is far better at cleaning up than the institutions themselves are. i was looking again to remind myself of when the laws were changed injune myself of when the laws were changed in june full. myself of when the laws were changed injune full. it is still very vague, some of the language, when it comes to defence, talking about adultery instead are specifically about a sex crime against a child. do
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you think that some of these changes may enact to what you are looking for? i changes may enact to what you are looking for?— are looking for? i hope so. andy changes _ are looking for? i hope so. andy changes just - are looking for? i hope so. andy changesjust made i are looking for? i hope so. i andy changesjust made were andy changes just made were very, very important, specifically because that helped acknowledge the abuse of adults within the church which has long been ignored. the fact is our seminarians has long been ignored. the fact is ourseminarians in is our seminarians in vulnerable positions have been abused men in positions of powerfor many abused men in positions of power for many years so that change help bring about some hope to their plight. i do think that these are, you know, wood steps that are being taken. again i find them to slow but they are being taken and so i hope that this continues.— and so i hope that this continues. ., ~ . continues. thank you so much for spending _ continues. thank you so much for spending time _ continues. thank you so much for spending time with - continues. thank you so much for spending time with us - continues. thank you so much| for spending time with us here on bbc news. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: how zara rutherford became the youngest woman to fly solo around the world.
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donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first. america first. demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they will carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him the 'butcher of lyon'. klaus altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia. the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as - close as possible to this spot. a tide of humanity- that's believed by officials to have broken all records.
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this is bbc news. the latest headlines: new images of the russian military build—up as the us warns any incursion into ukraine will be met with a tough response. aid planes finally arrive in tonga after a volcanic eruption and tsunami left the country in desperate need of supplies. a tearful adele has taken to social media to announce the postponement of her entire las vegas residency. the pop—star was due to play the first of 2a planned shows at caesars palace's on friday and forecast to make more than $679,000 per performance. adele apologised to fans and promised the shows would be rescheduled. i'm so sorry, but... ..my show ain't ready. we've tried absolutely
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everything that we can to put it together in time and for it to be good enough for you, but we've been absolutely destroyed by delivery delays and covid. half my crew, half my team are down with covid. they still are. and it's been impossible to finish the show. and i can't give you what i have right now. and i'm gutted. let's get more from our north america correspondent, peter bowes now who's in los angeles. have you with us. let's start with adele. was this expect? it seems so last—minute for this tearful apology? it seems so last-minute for this tearful apology?— tearful apology? it certainly was not expected _ tearful apology? it certainly was not expected by - tearful apology? it certainly was not expected by her- tearful apology? it certainly l was not expected by her fans. many of whom are already in las vegas for the first few shows and there is a lot of disappointment there. on the other hand you could say well, it is not a huge surprise and left right and centre here in los angeles and hollywood we
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hear about cancellations and postponements all the time. the grammys would due to happen in ten days time and they have been postponed until april. everyone is being affected by supply chain issues and covid itself and we heard her say that half her crew have come down with covid full it is not just putting on the shows it as the weeks and weeks of preparation that goes into them and it seems to be that that is where adele has hit problems are just getting everything together in order to launch a show on time. she is clearly hugely disappointed and many of herfans will be hugely disappointed and many of her fans will be as well. this would have been herfirst series of live performances in five years. series of live performances in five veere— five years. and amazing for those fans. _ five years. and amazing for those fans. but, _ five years. and amazing for those fans. but, maybe - five years. and amazing for those fans. but, maybe i. those fans. but, maybe i shouldn't be, but $679,000 per performance, that is a wood old chunk of change and i was wondering what happens now? it must be a huge loss even if the shows happen at a later date. 0h, shows happen at a later date. oh, yes. the shows will go on
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and you are right a tremendous amount of money involved in lots of lots of different parties, not least the fans were paying anything from $85 to 685 dollars and i hear that on the secondary market some tickets are being exchanged for much more than that. the funds have been promised in the shows will go ahead and in a few months time but clearly a lot of problems to solve in the meantime. i think the whole music industry is facing similar problems here in los angeles because this is a pandemic that has really torn apart the industry, in big part because of the rehearsals that have to happen to get a show like this on the road. it is not to say that everything in las vegas in recent months has been postponed. there are still some very successful shows. thank you so much. interesting to see the reaction to the cancellation coming up, no
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doubt as that news filters out. now, let's get some of the days of the news. in britain, downing street is facing further criticism about the way it operates — amid allegations that a number of backbench mps have faced intimidation that could amount to blackmail. the prime minister, borisjohnson, has insisted he has seen no evidence to support the allegations — and has advised colleagues who feel threatened to go to the police. the united states has charged four government officials from belarus with aircraft piracy, over the diversion of a passenger plane in order to arrest a journalist. the incident took place last may, when a ryanair plane travelling from greece to latvia was forced to divert to minsk, after the belarusian authorities said there was a suspected bomb threat. the lower house of austria's parliament has passed a bill to make covid—19 vaccinations compulsory for adults. the bill, which is now likely to become law, will mean everyone over the age of 18 without a valid exemption must get the jab. the french government has announced plans to ease covid—19 restrictions from 2nd february. on that date it will end the mandatory wearing of face
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masks when outdoors and lift capacity restrictions for large events such as sport matches and concerts. during a press conference the prime ministerjustified the move saying it coincidened with the introduction of a covid vaccination pass which will come into force on monday. a 19—year—old has become the youngest woman to fly solo around the world. zara rutherford has landed in belgium, at the end of herjourney which began in august last year. she flew across more than 50 countries on her own as jessica parker reports. a smooth landing after a long journey. it takes time to fly around the world in a 300—kilo microlight. what was your scariest moment? i got pretty close to a thunderstorm in singapore, so suddenly there was a lightning strike and i think that was pretty scary, but otherwise the mental challenges were definitely mostly over siberia, because i would be flying
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for hundreds of kilometres with just nothing human, and then i realised that if the engine were to stop i would have a really big problem. both parents are pilots. zara faced serious weather delays along the way, but she also saw the sights. i am in nome, alaska, right now. and now i am in greenland. flying from indonesia to sri lanka. i have arrived in singapore. from korea to taiwan. i am still in greece. i'm in russia! it's pretty cold. zara wants to encourage more girls and women into aviation. her dream is to become an astronaut. the sky isn't even the limit! jessica parker, bbc news, in belgium. anything cuter than a baby elephant? two baby elephants. twins have been born in a rear —— rare event in northern tenure. the calves were discovered by guides this week in a national reserve. the
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first twin birth to be recorded since 2006. hello again. thursday was a fairly chilly day, temperatures about 2—3 degrees below average forjanuary, but for many of us, we had sparkling blue skies for most of the day. and what a beautiful weather watcher picture this is from buttermere in cumbria. slightly less beautiful were the skies in east anglia. we had a shower stream coming down the north sea. and for norfolk and, to a degree, suffolk, quite a few showers here, but they are fading away. right now, as the winds start to change direction to more of a northwesterly, that shoves the showers over towards belgium and the netherlands. 0therwise we've got clear skies for many areas. and it's a cold one for sure, temperatures at their lowest, about —6, —7. southern wales, central, southern england the coldest spots. might be very cold and frosty, but it should be bright with plenty of sunshine to
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start the day for most of us. even this cloudier zone in the west will be prone to a few breaks during the morning, so you could see a few glimpses of sunshine for a time. cloud tends to thicken through the afternoon. could threaten an odd patch of light rain or drizzle for the western isles and highlands. 8—9 degrees in the west. 0therwise, temperatures at 6s and 7s. now, friday night is where we keep those clear skies. again, temperatures will fall away to give us some patches of frost. it is going to be patchy rather than extensive, so not as overall cold across england and wales. and the thickest cloud across northwest scotland, temperatures about 8 overnight in stornoway. this weekend, the tendency is for the weather to turn a little bit cloudier. there will be a lot of drier weather to come. some sunny spells, but we could have a bit of frost and fog to contend with as well. essentially, as we go through the weekend, high pressure's still there. we're starting to get this milder air recirculating back around the high and particularly moving into northern areas of the uk, where we'll see the highest temperatures, particularly for northern scotland. saturday, mist and fog could be an issue first thing in the morning.
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0therwise, we've got some patchy of frost, but then we'll have some sunshine to compensate across central and eastern areas. in the west, it continues to turn milder, but that's because we've got extensive cloud, thick enough to bring some rain to western scotland, where temperatures reach 11 celsius. second half of the weekend, again, we could go into sunday with some fog patches around. some of it could be quite dense, a few frost patches as well. overall, a little bit more in the way of cloud for most areas, with some mist and hill fog patches around the coasts, a bit of drizzle for western scotland, where it'll continue to be particularly mild. that's your weather.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the united states has warned russia that if any of the tens of thousands of its soldiers massed at the ukrainian border invade, there will be grave consequences. the us secretary of state antony blinken and his russian counterpart, sergey lavrov, are scheduled to have crucial talks in geneva. the first planeloads of aid have arrived at tonga's main airport after saturday's volcanic eruption and tsunami cut the pacific island nation off from the outside world. more flights and several ships are on their way, bringing urgently needed drinking water, food and medicine. many people are feared dead following a huge explosion in the west of ghana. rescue teams are searching for survivors after the blast destroyed hundreds of buildings. police say the incident happened when a truck carrying explosives to a mine collided with a motorbike.
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they are your headlines on the bbc. now on bbc news, it's time for panorama. tonight on panorama, what's going on on britain's roads? for the first time in a0 years, the death rate is on the rise. horns beep the figure for people killed on our roads is 1,600 a year. that's the equivalent of three fulljumbo jets crashing. we reveal how traffic cops and breath tests have been cut while hundreds of speed cameras have been switched off. the fixed camera network for speeding across the county is not current at the moment. so it's not working? it's not working. so i wouldn't get caught? no. and volunteers
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are being asked to step in. what happens to him, then? he will get a letter.

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