welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: rising tensions on the border between ukraine and russia. the us warns that russia can attack ukraine "at any point." british prime minister borisjohnson faces mounting pressure as a rapidly growing number of his own mps express doubts about his leadership. from campaigning to being held captive, now a return to campaigning. ingrid betancourt, announces she's back on the campaign trail. and let's talk about the weather: is the language of climate change used by scientists just plain boring?
hello. thanks very much for joining us. us secretary of state antony blinken is due to arrive in ukraine for urgent talks amid warnings that russia could carry out an attack "at any point." mr blinken also plans to meet the russian foreign minister, sergey lavrov, on friday with the white house describing the situation as "extremely dangerous." russia has amassed 100,000 troops on the border, and over the weekend, moved forces to belarus forjoint military drills, but it denies planning an invasion. here's our diplomatic editor james landale. russian forces training near the border with ukraine, just some of thousands deployed there since the autumn, raising fears in the west that russia's planning an invasion. fears that are dismissed by moscow, but exacerbated by this — the arrival of russian forces
this week in belarus, north of ukraine, for what moscow says are joint military exercises to repel external aggressors. but nato�*s secretary general said the risk of conflict was real. the main task now is to prevent a military attack on ukraine and that is exactly why we send a very clear message to russia, that if they once again decide to use force against ukraine, it will come with a high cost for russia. britain is sending short—range anti—tank weapons to bolster ukraine's defences with, downing street said, about 100 british troops to help with the training. russia is estimated to have about 100,000 troops on the border with ukraine, most to the north and east, with fears they could try to link up with crimea, that russia annexed in 2014. but with russian troops now in belarus, there are fears they could also target the capital, kyiv, from the north.
but what's the west prepared to do to deter russia? would it abandon this new gas pipeline from russia to germany that could leave energy prices soaring across europe? well, today, the germany's foreign minister was in moscow and said her country was ready to pay a high economic price and there could be consequences for the pipeline. russia's foreign minister said that would be counter—productive and rejected what he called "speculation" about russian aggression. translation: we are not threatening anyone, - but hear threats directed at us. we cannot accept demands related to military operations on our own territory. but the white house said the situation was extremely dangerous. we're now at a stage where russia could at any point launch an attack on ukraine. i would say that's more stark than we have been. for now, the us is still looking for a diplomatic solution with the country's secretary of state holding talks with his russian
counterparts in geneva later this week. meanwhile, the russian training continues. today, ukraine's defence minister told the bbc any conflict would be a disaster for europe, with a lot of refugees and a lot of blood. james landale, bbc news. ukraine's defence minister, 0leksii reznikov, has been speaking to hardtalk�*s stephen sackur about the consequences of a russian invasion. what is your message to the diplomats who are trying to avert a dramatic escalation of the conflict between you and moscow right now? i the conflict between you and moscow right now?— the conflict between you and moscow right now? i would say that the main _ moscow right now? i would say that the main message, - moscow right now? i would say that the main message, let's i that the main message, let's show the kremlin that you are seriously understanding all threats and you can make this invasion very expensive for them, and you can start with them, and you can start with the sanctions on this moment.
before, not after. if they do not, will you regard that as a betrayal?— betrayal? will be very late because it _ betrayal? will be very late because it will _ betrayal? will be very late because it will be - betrayal? will be very late because it will be a - betrayal? will be very late because it will be a lot - betrayal? will be very late because it will be a lot of. because it will be a lot of blood in the land and will be a lot of refugees, it will be disaster. this war is not only east of ukraine, this war is east of ukraine, this war is east of ukraine, this war is east of europe. we can now speak to steven pifer who's a former us ambassador to ukraine, and now, william perry, fellow at sta nford's center for international security and cooperation. thank you very much forjoining us. i hope that —— have the defence minister saying we need sanctions on russia now, basically ahead of the game. would that help? i basically ahead of the game. would that help?— would that help? i can understand _ would that help? i can understand his - would that help? i can i understand his position, would that help? i can - understand his position, and the west is doing what it can to make that sanctions threat as large as possible. but my guess is it would be difficult to persuade all of the europe
members to do it now. i would like to see the us eu message to the russians this is if you go into the ukraine militarily again, this is what will happen. my guess is also that many eu members would want to see exactly the skill of the russian attack before agreeing to the specific sanctions. yeah, you are really laying out a weakness in a way of the west�*s position at the moment. it is not an entirely united front, and i guess vladimir putin recognises that and can very much work with that. certainly, i think the russians are looking for cracks between washington and europe. although i have to say that nato did a very good job last week of delivering a solid message with everyone speaking with one voice, and if the russians are looking for cracks, it is not exactly easy to find them now. we have got anthony blink and saying there could be an invasion at any point. what are saying this is exact ——
extremely dangerous. and yet, as we know, that build—up has been going on for months and months now, anxieties have risen to the surface and then hovered there. is it realistic to think an invasion could be on the cards?— to think an invasion could be on the cards? over the last six weeks i have — on the cards? over the last six weeks i have become - on the cards? over the last six weeks i have become more - weeks i have become more pessimistic because it seems to me that vladimir putin is beginning to paint himself into a corner. you had the discussions, us russians discussions, us russians discussions last week, but at the end of the week the kremlin was saying key demands that nato agreed not to deploy troops on those members that entered the alliance after 1997, those key demands upon unmet, so putin may find that he has no way out other than an embarrassing climbdown not actually use the military options he is now acquiring with the russian deployments. what do you think of the whole issue of nato enlargement, particularly ukrainian membership at that point, because that is the crunch
issue. is it a realfearfor moscow, do you think? i mean, obviously, over the years nato has spread its wings pretty far and wide in the direction of russia. ., ,., , , and wide in the direction of russia. ., , , ., russia. two points. first of all, it russia. two points. first of all. it is _ russia. two points. first of all. it is pretty _ russia. two points. first of all, it is pretty clear- russia. two points. first of all, it is pretty clear that i all, it is pretty clear that although there is no real enthusiasm within a total putting ukraine on a membership track now, nato is not prepared this, russian pressure to say never. and i believe the russians understand that. the second point i would make is although the russians have tried to frame this is a crisis between nato and russia, it really is about ukraine and about mr putin's desire to put ukraine back in the russia's influence. in the last eight years has been russian policy, the seizure of crimea, more than 13,000 ukrainians have been killed. the russian actions than the policy have pushed ukraine further away from russia and towards the west. ~ ., ., , .,
west. we wait to see what the next steps _ west. we wait to see what the next steps are. _ west. we wait to see what the next steps are. thank - west. we wait to see what the next steps are. thank you - west. we wait to see what the | next steps are. thank you very much indeed. pressure is growing on the british prime minister, borisjohnson, who's insisted nobody warned him a drinks party he attended in the downing street garden during the first coronavirus lockdown broke the rules. a group of backbench conservative mps who won their seats in the 2019 general election have met to discuss his leadership, and some have said they believe there will soon be enough mps calling for his resignation as party leader to trigger a vote of no confidence. ijust want i just want to bring you ijust want to bring you some of the papers because they are having a field day at the moment on this issue. this is the daily express which is a right—leaning paper. what a sorry state! new plot to oust the prime minister. tory plot is in talks to topple boris johnson. it goes on. 0ccupier plot to ditched prime minister. just to explain one of those new mps is the mp for melton
mowbray, world famous for its pork pies. they went on the headline of the day. again, the guardian, clamourto headline of the day. again, the guardian, clamour to oust johnson grows a story mps plot confidence vote. the list goes on in all of those. 0ur political correspondence jonathan blake has given us an update about the mood essentially of the prime minister, and also his party in westminster. senior conservative backbenchers summed it up today as morose. in that interview today the prime minister looked crestfallen and downcast, beaten, and tory mps watching that might wonder if it were a moment of humility or humiliation for the prime minister. he said again, wait for the report to establish the facts, and some mps agree that many do not want to wait. and among particularly the newer intake of conservative mps tonight, there is a confidence that enough have or will soon submit a letter of no confidence
in the prime minister to trigger a contest. 0ne told us tonight, "i think we have done it, it is difficult to tell." for all the difficulty the prime minister faces, though, there is no consensus on when, if he should be replaced and by who. ministers are offering albeit qualified support with one telling the bbc in an interview today, the enquiry should be allowed to run its course, and after that, we can decide upon what next steps to take. tomorrow could be a decisive day for boris johnson. whatever happens, he'll face mps in the house of commons at prime minister's questions, needing to say something to shore up some support that he desperately needs. plenty more headlines to come on that story. let's get some of the day's other news. the united nations says it is stepping up its response to the volcanic eruption and tsunami in tonga as communications begin to improve. heavy rainfalls of ash at the weekend has hampered the relief effort, contaminating drinking water and making the air quality poor.
the tongan government says many of the houses on the islands have been destroyed. estimates from new zealand also suggest the main communications cable in tonga will now take around four weeks to repair. hong kong's independence activist edward leung, whose slogan of �*liberate hong kong, revolution of our times' became a rallying cry during the 2019 pro—democracy movement, has been released from jail. he'd served nearly four years. the slogan itself was banned by the authorities last year. the british man who took hostages in a texas synagogue was known to british security services. malik faisal akram was investigated in 2020. but by the time he flew to the us at the new year, he was assessed not to present a risk. quebec province has introduced new and unusual curbs on those who remain unvaccinated. customers at alcohol and cannabis stores need to show proof of covid—19 vaccination to secure their purchases. it's hoped that the move will incentivise people
to get their first dose. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: she was abducted 20 years ago during an election campaign. we look at why ingrid betancourt is back, bidding to be president. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first. america first. demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they would carry on the protests throughout the tour.
they called him the 'butcher of lyon'. klaus altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia. the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as - close as possible to this spot. a tide of humanity that's believed by officials - to have broken all records. this is bbc news. i'm david eades. the latest headlines: a warning from america that russia could attack ukraine "at any point". moscow denies the build up of troops at the border is a prelude to invasion. british prime minister boris johnson faces mounting pressure from his own mp�*s, over doubts about his leadership. the biggest gaming deal in history is taking shape as the technology giant microsoft says it is buying activision blizzard,
the company which makes blockbuster video games such as call of duty and candy crush. the deal is worth almost $70 billion and reflects the soaring success of the gaming industry during lockdown. the bbc�*s gaming reporter steffan powell has more details. call of duty, a multiplayer war game. it's one of the biggest and most profitable entertainment franchises in the world. made by us company activision blizzard, the studio which has 400 million people playing every month in 190 countries. and that kind of young fan base is one of the reasons that microsoft, now itself a veteran tech firm, have swooped — paying over £50 billion for the company, the largest acquisition in gaming history. but why? more and more companies
are looking at ways to either break into or expand their gaming strategies. even netflix is doing the same thing, where they have launched a gaming footprint specifically around mobile games. activision blizzard has been at the centre of a storm after employees walked out in protest after numerous sexual harassment claims and an allegedly toxic environment. the company's ceo apologised and took a pay cut. but what does this mean for the gamers? at the moment, microsoft's xbox consoles are lagging behind sony's playstation 5 in terms of sales. by buying call of duty and the company behind it, microsoft are fighting back by owning more and more exclusive rights. the question many players want to know now, though, is, will they restrict their rival�*s access to these major titles? like many of the games themselves, tech companies are fighting
their own battles — but for content. and gaming is fast becoming the most lucrative market in entertainment. steffan powell, bbc news. ingrid betancourt, the politician who was abducted 20 years ago while campaigning for colombia's presidency and held captive by rebels for more than six years, has announced a new surprise bid for the country's top job. stephanie prentice reports. looking relaxed and ready to face the future, ingrid betancourt announcing her bed for colombia's residency 20 years after campaigning for the samejob letter being kidnapped by rebels. now she says she is ready to finish what she started. translation: for decades we _ started. translation: for decades we have _ started. translation: fr?" decades we have only had bad options, extreme right, extreme left, now it is time to have a good option, the option of the centre, the option of the heart, the option of union and
transformation from within. she has been living _ transformation from within. she has been living abroad since being rescued from farc rebels in 2008 as part of operation at checkmate. translation: mother, i am free! she _ checkmate. translation: mother, i am free! she had _ checkmate. translation: mother, i am free! she had been _ checkmate. translation: mother, i am free! she had been held - i am free! she had been held for 6.5 i am free! she had been held for 6-5 years _ i am free! she had been held for 6.5 years in _ i am free! she had been held for 6.5 years in the _ i am free! she had been held for 6.5 years in the jungle, . for 6.5 years in thejungle, mostly in chains after she tried to escape, constantly moving from camp to camp and not being fed. shortly after her release she told the bbc her release she told the bbc her focus would now be closer to home. her focus would now be closer to home-— to home. now! 'ust have to retreat and _ to home. now! 'ust have to retreat and be _ to home. now i just have to retreat and be alone - to home. now i just have to retreat and be alone with i to home. now i just have to| retreat and be alone with my family and construct my matrix with the one i love and it will take time. with the one i love and it will take time-— take time. now the time has come to return _ take time. now the time has come to return to _ take time. now the time has come to return to colombia. take time. now the time has - come to return to colombia with her moderate sisters of gender. in the event the protection and combating violence, corruption
and poverty for key objectives. translation: the and poverty for key ob'ectives. tuna/momh translation: the system of corruntion — translation: the system of corruption that _ translation: the system of corruption that rains - translation: the system of corruption that rains in - translation: the system of corruption that rains in our i corruption that rains in our country only recognises the rights of the bandits, only they can claim, only they can be protected.— they can claim, only they can be protected. the former rebel leader gustavo _ be protected. the former rebel leader gustavo petro _ be protected. the former rebel leader gustavo petro is - be protected. the former rebel leader gustavo petro is leading at the polls but with colombia at the polls but with colombia at political crossroads, some believe the country is ready for ingrid betancourt, now an emblem for the country's struggles once again. stephanie prentice, bbc news. every week at this time we take a look at climate change, bringing you stories with big implications for our planet's future. this week we look at the language of climate change and ask whether it's limiting efforts to understand and tackle the issue. a growing body of evidence shows many of the words and phrases used by scientists and the media are baffling, misleading orjust plain boring.
take climate change itself, often criticised for failing to convey the scale and a sense of urgency involved, some would prefer climate crisis or climate emergency. global warming suggest a gradual process, not the devastating extremes of weather the world saw in 2021, for example. alternatives might be global heating. for greenhouse gases, dismissed as science babbled by some would planet warming pollution be better? several studies claim the huge mismatch is itself a crisis of communication. so must we change the words in order to change the world? let's speak to climate change communicator and author susan joy hassol. she's been analysing this language for 30 years, helping scientists and journalists get their message across.
how big a problem do you see it? everybody knows what kind of change is surely? i it? everybody knows what kind of change is surely?— of change is surely? i am afraid they _ of change is surely? i am afraid they do _ of change is surely? i am afraid they do not. i of change is surely? i am i afraid they do not. scientists use the term climate change to talk about any climate change that has happened at any time in earth's history for any reason. what we are facing now is human caused disruption and it is a crisis and emergency but it does not have to be a catastrophe because of future is in our hands. it is man—made problem and has a man—made solutions. it is a crisis but it is also an opportunity. looking at the language, global wedding instead of global warming? are you and advocate of that set up and pay attention? i of that set up and pay attention?— of that set up and pay attention? ., ., , ~ attention? i have always liked it. it is attention? i have always liked it- it is a _ attention? i have always liked it. it is a human _ attention? i have always liked it. it is a human caused i it. it is a human caused disruption of the climate system and it is notjust
making things a little bit warmer stop we are seeing tremendous exacerbation of extreme weather. more heat waves, droughts, heavy rains, flooding is, sea level rising, stronger barricades. all of this. wildfires. it is all related to climate change and climate disruption. we have to be much more clear when we talk about it when we mentioned the cause, not some vague human activity. it is the burning of fossil fuel, activity. it is the burning of fossilfuel, coal, oiland gas. that is a three quarters of the problem. that is a three quarters of the roblem. ~ . ~ that is a three quarters of the roblem. ~ ., ,, ., problem. when we talk about greenhouse — problem. when we talk about greenhouse gases, _ problem. when we talk about greenhouse gases, that i problem. when we talk about greenhouse gases, that is i problem. when we talk about | greenhouse gases, that is the phrase, do greenhouse gases work for you or is it too abstract? i work for you or is it too abstract?— work for you or is it too abstract? i think it is too abstract _ abstract? i think it is too abstract and _ abstract? i think it is too abstract and most i abstract? i think it is too i abstract and most people, abstract? i think it is too - abstract and most people, many people don't even know the basic cause or mechanism. i
like to call them heat trapping gases or pollution because it is letting people know what they are doing, trapping heat. it is not depending on understanding the metaphor of a greenhouse. understanding the metaphor of a greenhouse-— greenhouse. maybe this is reflected _ greenhouse. maybe this is reflected in _ greenhouse. maybe this is reflected in the _ greenhouse. maybe this is reflected in the media i greenhouse. maybe this is reflected in the media in l reflected in the media in particular but we do talk about the war against global warming, for example or the race against global warming. for example or the race against globalwarming. it for example or the race against global warming. it is almost a personification of what climate change is. do you think people respond to that than just giving them the facts? i think --eole giving them the facts? i think peeple need _ giving them the facts? i think people need to _ giving them the facts? i think people need to understand i giving them the facts? i think. people need to understand that we are the cause. that is not to say, i do not use words like fault or blame, i think i would like responsibility is much more effective. we are the cause, it is our responsibility. we take responsibility. we take
responsibility for what we have done. we did not do it intentionally, we did not know, but now we know and it would be really irresponsible to keep on doing it. understanding that it is us is absolutely key. i’m is us is absolutely key. i'm sure there _ is us is absolutely key. i'm sure there would - is us is absolutely key. i'm sure there would be i is us is absolutely key. i'm sure there would be many scientists who would share your view but at the same time say it is all very well but this is a specific issue and problem and we have to be correct and scientifically accurate and thatis scientifically accurate and that is where the challenge comes and they do have applied, don't they? i comes and they do have applied, don't they?— don't they? i don't think so. in the don't they? i don't think so. in the 30 — don't they? i don't think so. in the 30 years _ don't they? i don't think so. in the 30 years i _ don't they? i don't think so. in the 30 years i have i don't they? i don't think so. in the 30 years i have been | in the 30 years i have been working on this, i believe we can be both accurate and effective. scientists always want to be accurate and i agree with them but we also need to be effective or people are not going to understand this. we have to do both and i believe we can do both and it is what i have done throughout my career and i have held many other
scientists do it as well. how lona scientists do it as well. how long can _ scientists do it as well. how long can you _ scientists do it as well. how long can you say _ scientists do it as well. how long can you say this i scientists do it as well. how long can you say this is i scientists do it as well. how long can you say this is a i long can you say this is a crisis? can you say that for 30 years and people still think it is as much a crisis as they did at the start?— at the start? well, it was not at the start? well, it was not a crisis 30 — at the start? well, it was not a crisis 30 years _ at the start? well, it was not a crisis 30 years ago. - at the start? well, it was not a crisis 30 years ago. if- at the start? well, it was not a crisis 30 years ago. if we i a crisis 30 years ago. if we had taken action than to phase out fossilfuel, deployed clean energy and protect our forests, it would not be a crisis. the first time to plant a tree was 30 years ago the second—best time is now. we know what to do, we have the technologies, we know what policies work, we need to let our leaders know this is the most important issue to us. there is nothing more important than doing something about the climate crisis and taking advantage of the opportunity to speed up the clean energy revolution.-
clean energy revolution. thank ou ve clean energy revolution. thank you very much _ clean energy revolution. thank you very much indeed. - that is bbc news. hello. there is lots of dry weather in the forecast for the rest of this week, although many of us will see a little bit of rain through the first part of wednesday, as these frontal systems push southwards across the uk. now, these weather fronts are cold fronts. as the name suggests, the air behind is turning a little bit colder. and i think you'll notice that particularly given the strength of the wind. but the weather fronts will bring some cloud and some outbreaks of showery rain southeastwards across england and wales through the day, tending to fizzle all the while. any fog in the southeast should clear pretty quickly, i think, and then most places are looking at sunshine through the day, albeit with a scattering of showers, some of these wintry, especially in the far north, where we could see snow to quite low levels, particularly in shetland. just1 degree in lerwick in the middle of the afternoon, 9 or 10 further south.
and as we head through wednesday night, we'll keep some showers going around northern, eastern and some western coasts. many places will be dry with clear spells, the winds will fall just a little lighter and temperatures will drop, with quite a widespread frost. maybe staying a little bit milder for some of these western parts — it degrees there for belfast and for plymouth. now, as we get into thursday, it's looking like a beautiful winter's day for many, with lengthy spells of sunshine. some showers grazing west wales and the far southwest of england, some for north sea coasts as well. temperatures, well, no great shakes, topping out between it and 9 degrees in most places. as we head through thursday night and into friday, high pressure really reasserts its influence, the centre of the high across southern parts of the uk. close to the centre of the high, i think it will remain relatively chilly, particularly if we see any fog lingering for any length of time. but up towards the north, we start to bring the winds in from the atlantic,
so it'll start to feel a little bit milder. lots of cloud, though, filtering through northern ireland, and particularly into the western side of scotland. further south, some early frost and fog. some of the fog could linger. that will peg the temperatures back. maybe just 5 or 6 degrees in some places, whereas further north and west, 10 there the high in stornoway. and as we look towards the weekend, i think the highest temperatures will be generally across the northern half of the uk, although there will be quite a lot of cloud here and some patchy rain in the far northwest. further south, frost and fog could continue to feature, but it will remain largely dry.
this is bbc news. the headlines: us secretary of state antony blinken is due to arrive in ukraine for urgent talks after warnings that russia could carry out an attack "at any point." mr blinken also plans to meet the russian foreign minister, sergey lavrov, on friday. russia has amassed 100,000 troops on ukraine's border. pressure is growing on the uk prime minister borisjohnson, who's insisted nobody warned him a lockdown drinks party he attended broke the rules. tory rebels have said they believe there will soon be enough mps calling for his resignation as party leader to trigger a vote of no confidence. the biggest gaming deal in history is taking shape as microsoft says it is buying activision blizzard, the company behind video games
such as call of duty and candy crush. the deal is worth almost $70 billion and reflects the soaring success of the gaming industry during lockdown. now on bbc news, it's time for panorama. tonight on panorama, what's going on on britain's roads? for the first time in a0 years, the death rate is on the rise. horns beep the figure for people killed on our roads is 1,600 a year. that's the equivalent of three fulljumbo jets crashing. we reveal how traffic cops and breath tests have been cut while hundreds of speed cameras have been switched off. the fixed camera network for speeding across the county is not current at the moment. so it's not working? it's not working. so i wouldn't get caught? no. and volunteers are