this is bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: after tonga's volcanic eruption and tsunami, the wait goes on to hear from the pacific islanders cut off from the outside world. the australian and new zealand military are scrambled to provide humanitarian aid in what's fast becoming a race against time. america's airlines warn of catastrophic disruption to travel if 56 technology is rolled out near airports. downing street denies claims by the prime minister's former top adviser that borisjohnson was warned about staff holding a drinks party during lockdown. and, who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis? has one of the great wartime mysteries been solved?
welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. it's already three days since the major eruption of an underwater volcano in tonga and still there is a very worrying lack of information about the scale of the damage done across the many tongan islands, or the whereabouts and well being of many of the islanders. these very limited pictures have just been sent to us. they are from one of the surveillance flights sent by australia and new zealand to assess the damage. the eruption itself appears to have taken out the one main underwater communications cable
and there are suggestions that could take weeks to restore. a lot of ash on the ground. tonga has a population of around 100,000. the red cross estimates that about 80% of them may have been affected. 0ur correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes has the latest. these pictures of the hunga tonga—hunga ha'apai volcano erupting are from last friday. this is just a foretaste of what was to come a day later — an eruption many, many times larger. this is the volcano poking above the ocean's surface last week. and today, it is completely gone. it has now been confirmed the huge eruption severed the main cable linking tonga to the outside world. this morning, new zealand dispatched aircraft to try and find out what is going on. some of those islands are reporting that they haven't had loss of life, but i would reiterate that is second—hand and it is early days.
this evening we learnt this british woman, angela glover, was killed by the tsunami that hit the island on saturday. she'd moved to tonga in 2015 to open an animal shelter. she died trying to rescue her dogs. the strange thing was the uglier the dog, the more she loved it. her initial call to go to tonga was to swim with whales, which she did, and, yeah... beautiful girl, she's irreplaceable. offers from new zealand and australia to help tonga are being complicated by the covid pandemic. the island nation is currently covid—free and it wants to stay that way. they have had disasters during the pandemic previously, from sort of cyclones and hurricanes, and what they did then wasjust air drop supplies in and there was no physical contact or interaction between, say, troops and the local forces. a century ago, nearly one in ten tongans died
in the 1918 flu pandemic. any reluctance now to ask for help would not be without reason. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, tokyo. well, earlier, ispoke tojoanne mataele who has been doing all she can to reach herfamily in tonga following the eruption. these are very anxious times indeed. she is in melbourne. i haven't been able to reach my family since 630 tonga time when the blackout happened. i have faith that they are well and saved. have faith that they are well and saved-— have faith that they are well and saved. ~ , . ., ., and saved. we share that faith with ou and saved. we share that faith with you and — and saved. we share that faith with you and hope _ and saved. we share that faith with you and hope that - and saved. we share that faith with you and hope that is - and saved. we share that faith with you and hope that is the l with you and hope that is the case. are you able to do anything? we hear about the underwater communications cable, the main communications link has gone for now. is there anything you can do or you just had to sit tight and wait and
hope? it had to sit tight and wait and ho e? ., ., , had to sit tight and wait and hoe? ., ., , ., ., hope? it fortunately i had to sit ti . ht hope? it fortunately i had to sit tight but _ hope? it fortunately i had to sit tight but | _ hope? it fortunately i had to sit tight but i do _ hope? it fortunately i had to sit tight but i do know - hope? it fortunately i had to sit tight but i do know some | sit tight but i do know some people that have been in contact with their family members back home, by satellite phone, i think only a couple of people have access to these phones, siebel would just wait is all we can do right now. hoping that you get shorter and people get a chance to put out some messages. tonga as we know is very low lying across most of the islands. a tsunami creates a very particular problem. but you know that, in tonga. what sort of measures might your family have taken, then, if they do discover they have a soon army warning, what might they have been able to do? ., , do? the only thing we might have been — do? the only thing we might have been able _ do? the only thing we might have been able to _ do? the only thing we might have been able to do - do? the only thing we might| have been able to do because do? the only thing we might i have been able to do because i have been able to do because i have grown up on time and been on the situations before, we get all ourfamily on the situations before, we get all our family members and try to get to high ground. the
two points of high ground there is one, and a second one with the airport is located. i5 the airport is located. is there a _ the airport is located. is there a procedure, do people know, 0k, there a procedure, do people know, ok, now is the time to follow procedure to get to those particular points? unfortunately i wouldn't be able to know. it's always been an instinct to get to higher ground. we would always just follow my dad and what he would tell us to do. we follow my dad and what he would tell us to de— tell us to do. we hear about the australian _ tell us to do. we hear about the australian and _ tell us to do. we hear about the australian and new - tell us to do. we hear about. the australian and new zealand military sending ships out there to do what they can. i guess the real urgency is bound to be for simple things, food and water, at this stage, judging from the pictures we have got are not brilliant, if i'm honest but it does look like an ash covered island,
which ever island you are looking at?— looking at? yes, that's correct _ looking at? yes, that's correct. as _ looking at? yes, that's correct. as far - looking at? yes, that's correct. as far as - looking at? yes, that's correct. as far as you | looking at? yes, that's l correct. as far as you are aware that _ correct. as far as you are aware that would - correct. as far as you are aware that would be - correct. as far as you are aware that would be the | correct. as far as you are - aware that would be the main concern, just food and water? that's correct, it would be food and water and pretty much shelter for people. those affected in the low—lying areas especially areas near water. hopefully we can get that through. hopefully we can get that throu~h. ,, , hopefully we can get that through-— hopefully we can get that throu~h. ,, , ., through. she is waiting with considerable _ through. she is waiting with considerable anxiety - through. she is waiting with considerable anxiety to - through. she is waiting with | considerable anxiety to hear from herfamily. america's largest airlines have warned of a catastrophic disruption to travel if telecommunications firms roll out their 5g technology without limiting its scope near us airports because it might interfere with altitude devices. they're requesting it be delayed until the necessary upgrades have been made to aviation equipment. 0ur north america correspondent, peter bowes, has more.
they are talking about dire consequences. this 5g technology will be rolled out on wednesday. it was the cellphone company saying this is good for the consumer, faster data speeds, it will mean better mobile phone connections, but the airlines are very concerned about how it will affect equipment on a plane that is used by a pilot as he is coming, or she's coming into land. specifically the radar altimeter. this is a device that sends radio waves to the ground. it helps the pilot determine the altitude of the plane, how far the aircraft is from the ground especially important when there is poor weather conditions, poor visibility, but there is plenty of bad weather in the united states this week. the federal aviation administration says it has cleared a dozen different types of aircraft to come into land in poor visibility after the introduction of 5g. that is about 45% of the us fleet.
that leaves about 55% not cleared, and that is where the concern is, and the airlines, in a letter to the administration, to the department of transport, pointing out the potential dire consequences of the situation for passengers, if their planes are cancelled for the workers who are employed by the airlines, but perhaps most importantly, for the wider economy, and the supply chains that could potentially be disrupted. there couldn't be a worse time for supply chains to face yet another problem, we know it happened with the pandemic in their letter to the government, they talk about the distribution of vaccines possibly being disrupted by this. the cellphone companies have been negotiating for a long time over this, and they have pointed out, for example, that this technology isn't exactly new, and in fact has been rolled out in more than a0 different countries without any problematic situations arising.
borisjohnson�*s former chief adviser, dominic cummings, now one of his leading critics, has said he warned the prime minister in person about a downing street drinks party in may 2020 during the first lockdown. last week, mrjohnson said he believed he was attending a work event, and downing street said it was untrue that the prime minister had been given a warning about the event in advance. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has more details. the prime minister needs friends. an earlyjog with the dog at the start of a week that could decide his future. waiting for an official verdict over what gatherings were going on under his own roof during lockdown. last week there was an apology and an admission about one event. i believed implicitly that this was a work event. but, mr speaker, with hindsight, i should have sent everyone back inside.
the evening in the number 10 garden had been organised by one of his right—hand men, his private secretary martin reynolds here, who'd invited around 100 people. but a man who used to be by borisjohnson�*s side has challenged the version of events. writing online, dominic cummings says on the day of the event itself, amid many arguments: number 10, though, says: remember, mr cummings doesn't hide his desire to see borisjohnson gone. chief adviser back then, perhaps now enemy number one. yet two other former officials say they remember mr cummings telling them that day he'd warned
the prime minister not to go ahead before the drinks gathering took place in the garden in any case. number 10 firmly disputes this account, yet tonight's spat will dim government hopes that the febrile atmosphere may have started to calm. do you have confidence in the prime minister? there is widespread fear and sometimes loathing about the mess and the public�*s reaction. yet there's a pause before the official report from civil servant sue gray emerges. it is only right that we don't condemn the prime minister, someone who's apologised to parliament and said that he will come back when the sue gray investigation is finished. that is the fairest way of dealing with this. it's impossible to know right now how many mps really want borisjohnson out. but many have heard anger from constituents when, not if, is a common refrain. my constituents at the moment are about 60:1 against the prime minister, and i've listened very carefully to members of my association too. there are some very strident voices in my constituency demanding that i support
the prime minister. for many conservatives, it's the style and character of this government that concerns, not the specifics of any parties. but acting to take out a leader is a drastic move, and it's not clear yet how many punches the prime minister can really withstand. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: where is my car. 0h, where is my car. oh, my god. where horsepower, of all kinds, is finding the going tough along north america's eastern seaboard. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington.
it's going to be only america first. america first. demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they would carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him the 'butcher of lyon'. klaus altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia. the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as - close as possible to this spot. a tide of humanity that's i believed by officials to have broken all records. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines:
australia and new zealand's military send aid to tonga following the volcanic eruption and tsunami. america's airlines warn of catastrophic disruption to travel if 5g technology is rolled out near airports. the rabbi of a texas synagogue who was taken hostage on saturday has described how he threw a chair at the gunman in order to escape. the hostage—taker, named as british citizen malik faisal akram, was shot dead after a stand—off with police. two teenagers have been arrested in manchester as part of the investigation. our special correspondent ed thomas reports. what made malik faisal akram leave blackburn, the place he called home, to travel to texas, arm himself with a gun and hold people hostage inside a synagogue? there was a tense ten—hour stand—off. as an fbi swat team moved in, the 44—year—old spoke to his family back home. his words were recorded
as he became increasingly desperate. these pictures show several hostages running for their lives. within minutes, malik faisal akram was shot dead. the rabbi here described their ordeal. it didn't look good, it didn't sound good. we were very... we were terrified. and when i saw an opportunity, where he wasn't in a good position, i made sure that the two gentlemen who were still with me, that they were ready to go, the exit wasn't too far away. i told them to go, i threw a chair at the gunman and i headed for the door. and all three of us were able to get out without even a shot being fired. throughout the stand—off, malik faisal akram was heard demanding the release of aafia siddiqui. she's known as 'lady al-qaeda', a pakistani neuroscientist jailed in the us for trying to kill american soldiers
in afghanistan. it is the way that he was killed, he was shot. that shouldn't have happened. tariq hussain knew malik faisal akram and his family. he says many here question his mental state at the time he went to america. it's very frustrating for the family, they're going through a very hard and difficult time and our prayers are with them. if there was mental health issues, why did he go in the first place? the people looking after him, why did he fly out? there's questions that are not being answered, you see. this message was posted on blackburn muslim community facebook page, believed to be from malik faisal akram's brother, and has since been taken down.
he apologises and says: and tonight, a second close family member of faisal malik akram, who didn't want to be filmed, raised concerns over his state of mind. he said it was widely known in blackburn that he was struggling with his mental health. the us president has described what happened here as an act of terror, while those who escaped said they felt lucky to be alive. ed thomas reporting there. we have a snowy toronto for you here. millions of people across america's east coast and canada's southeastern provinces are hunkered down as a powerful winter storm sweeps through major population hubs, disrupting travel and cutting power to thousands of homes. stephanie prentice reports.
a national pastime taken to the streets. in canada, when life gives you ice, make an ice rink. this neighbourhood just outside toronto using a break in the snowstorms to enjoy their new project. it's a little bit bumpy, the trees are a little bit annoying sometimes but yeah. a little bit helpful though too. we started off with two houses, we've expanded to three now. we make it a little difficult for the mail carrier, i know that. they gotta walk around the rink. the mailman may be getting through but for many the snow knocking out their usual forms of transportation. where the bleep is my car, oh my god. for others, an opportunity to try more traditional ways of getting around. it's getting heavier. but not everyone is a jump away from trying to have a good day across the snow ravaged south—eastern provinces, with extreme weather warnings in place across ontario and quebec. power outages for thousands of homes, offices and schools closed and visibility
at near zero in some areas. the streets are packed. the streetcar is barely moving. everything is covered with snow. never seen anything like this. over in the us, things are starting to improve, with the national weather service saying that although snowfall will continue, the storm will start to slowly wind down into tuesday. a state canadians can only anticipate. but for some, being stuck at home isn't the worst thing. stephanie prentice, bbc news. it's a question that has plagued historians ever since the end of the second world war. who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis? anne frank died in a concentration camp in191t5, at the age of 15, after two years in hiding in amsterdam.
her diary, published after her death, is probably the most famous first—hand account ofjewish life during the war. anna holligan reports from amsterdam on the conclusion of a lengthy investigation. the final entry in anne frank's diary. tuesday 1st august 191m. three days later, thejewish teenager was arrested. this was the frank family's hiding place during the nazi occupation of the netherlands. and this question of who betrayed the frank family, who had lived in this building undetected before the end of the war, has remained one of the great mysteries of dutch history. and now this team
of investigators have identified a man who they believe is the key suspect, a jewish lawyer who had been based here in amsterdam helping jewish refugees fleeing nazi germany. no dna clues or video images existed, so the detectives relied on circumstantial evidence, and a note. the final suspect became the person who was named in an anonymous note sent to 0tto frank shortly after he got back from the camp, auschwitz, in which a man called van den bergh was identified as the betrayer. 0tto frank was anne's father and the only member of the family to survive the war. the suggestion that the betrayer appears to be someone from within thejewish community is hard for many to bear. the historic context is critical here. it's a story of a man who was cornered and in order
to save himself, his wife, his children from the gas chambers he gave a list of addresses to the sd which had no names. so the story is tragic. while there is still a degree of scepticism that we may never know the true identity of the betrayer, this tale serves as a warning, a lesson of what humanity may be capable of in its darkest time. yet another way anne frank's legacy remains alive. anna holligan, bbc news, amsterdam. a key figure in uncovering these findings is vince pankoke, a retired fbi special agent and director of investigation of the cold case team which looked into the story of anne frank's betrayal. earlier, iasked him how conclusive he believes his evidence is. i know it has been a frustration of historians and even people who have followed anne frank for years and years because there has never been a clear answer.
we feel that we have identified the most likely cause of the raid. we are 85%—95% sure. for a case this old, nearly 80 years old — that is pretty conclusive. what was his role in the community at the time? where did he fit in the panorama of amsterdam at the time? of course arnold van den bergh was jewish so he was subject to many of the restrictions ofjews that the nazis occupiers put on but because he was a member of the jewish council he received a benefit, an exemption from deportation at first but he even took further action to try and ensure his safety and that of his family by purchasing another type of exemption that existed during this time, it was called 120,000 stamp, and that would further exempt him from deportation and then finally, as a final move in his chess game to protect himself and family, he applied
for and received a status that they called calmeyer status and that was a nazi office that was established that you would apply to and claim that either one or more of your grandparents were not in factjewish and then therefore you would not be jewish. he actually received this exemption in september of191t3, declaring him non—jewish. there are so many questions i want to ask you and we are right up on the clock, unfortunately. let me ask you this, you've got the book behind you, the betrayal of anne frank — is that word "betrayal" the right word, do you think? well, only if it is put into context. to understand that arnold van den bergh, like so many otherjewish people during this time period, were forced into collaboration by the nazi occupiers.
that is the betrayal of anne frank. the latest attempt to work out just who frank. the latest attempt to work outjust who did. that is bbc news. hello. clear skies across most parts of the uk at the moment. may mean we're getting to see a full glimpse of the first full moon of the season, the wolf moon, but it also has led to temperatures dropping quite widely. a widely frosty start to tuesday morning, maybe as low as —3 to —5 in some parts of central, southern england, and it's here where we've got some dense patches of fog to start the tuesday morning commute. some of that could start to build for a while during the morning rush—hour but then slowly start to shift during the morning. lots of sunshine elsewhere. a bit more breeze to the north and west, so not as cold here, but it's here in northern ireland and western scotland we'll see some outbreaks of rain develop from lunchtime into the afternoon. most parts, though, will stay dry. cloud amounts increase. predominantly sunny, though, for northern england. and with winds lightest towards the south and east of the country, here, we'll see temperatures actually the lowest after that foggy start —
only three to five celsius for one or two. the milder breeze out in the west lifts temperatures between 9 and 11 celsius. into this evening, some showers for a time in scotland and then another batch will push in on strengthening winds, all tied into this cold front. this is a bit more active than the one that precedes it, just bringing a few showers across england and wales during the night, meaning not as cold a start to wednesday morning. but cold air will be pushing southwards through the day behind this zone of cloud and showers which starts around the borders of scotland, northern england, north wales and then drifts its way southwards. in its wake, though, most will see good long sunny spells through the afternoon. one or two showers dotted around to the north and northwest, those showers turning wintry in northern scotland — just 2 degrees in lerwick, holding onto around 10 celsius in the south. but as we go through into wednesday night and thursday morning, a widespread frost will develop once again. perhaps for some of you, a colder night than will start tuesday. and that frost will be greeted with some sunshine overhead too. but a cold breeze down eastern coasts could feed in one or two wintry showers for a time. a noticeable wind—chill here. maybe feeling subzero through the day across some eastern coastal counties of england. come further west, with the winds lighter, temperatures up
to where we should be for this stage in january. another chilly night to come, then, through thursday night into friday, and as the high—pressure starts to drift its way southwards once again, we are back to the problems with mist and fog in the south, but allowing more of an atlantic breeze to push in through the north, bringing varying amounts of cloud and lifting the temperature a little bit. and, crucially, for much of the uk, end of the week and the weekend will be staying dry. see you soon.
the headlines: the united nations says there's been a distress signal from the tonga archipelago following saturday's massive volcanic eruption and tsunami. there is a worrying lack of information about the scale of the damage and the whereabouts and well—being of many of the pacific islanders. australian and new zealand military ascending humanitarian aid. america's largest airlines have warned of a catastrophic disruption to travel if telecommunications firms roll out their 5g technology without limiting its scope near us airports — because it might interfere with altitude devices. they're requesting it be delayed until the necessary upgrades have been made to aviation equipment. boris johnson's borisjohnson�*s former chief adviser dominic cummins has said he warned the prime minister in person about holding a drinks party during the first lockdown in may 2020. downing street denies that.