welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: after tonga's volcanic eruption, the wait goes on to hear from the pacific islanders who are cut off from the outside world. the australian and new zealand military are scrambled to provide humanitarian aid in what's fast becoming a race against time. muslim leaders condemn the attack on a synagogue in texas: two teenagers are arrested in the uk as part of the investigation. downing street denies claims by the prime minister's former top adviser that borisjohnson was warned about staff holding a drinks party during lockdown. and who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis? has one of the great wartime mysteries been solved?
welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. it's already three days since the major eruption of an underwater volcano in tonga, and still, there is a very worrying lack of information about the scale of the damage done across the many tongan islands or the whereabouts and well being of many of the islanders. we have some pictures. these very limitied pictures have just been sent to us. they are from one of the surveillance flights sent by australia and new zealand to assess the damage. the eruption itself appears to have taken out the one main underwater communications cable and there are suggestions that could take weeks to restore. tonga has a population
of around 100,000. the red cross estimates that about 80% of them may have been affected. 0ur correspondent rupert wingfield hayes has the latest. these pictures of the hunga tonga—hunga ha'apai volcano erupting are from last friday. this is just a foretaste of what was to come a day later — an eruption many, many times larger. this is the volcano poking above the ocean's surface last week. and today, it's completely gone. it has now been confirmed the huge eruption severed the main cable linking tonga to the outside world. this morning, new zealand dispatched aircraft to try and find out what is going on. some of those islands are reporting that they haven't had loss of life, but i would reiterate that is second—hand and it is early days.
this evening we learnt this british woman, angela glover, was killed by the tsunami that hit the island on saturday. she'd moved to tonga in 2015 to open an animal shelter. she died trying to rescue her dogs. the strange thing was the uglier the dog, the more she loved it. her initial call to go to tonga was to swim with whales, which she did, and, yeah... beautiful girl, she's irreplaceable. offers from new zealand and australia to help tonga are being complicated by the covid pandemic. the island nation is currently covid—free and it wants to stay that way. they have had disasters during the pandemic previously, from sort of cyclones and hurricanes, and what they did then wasjust air drop supplies in and there was no physical contact or interaction between, say, troops and the local forces. a century ago, nearly one in ten tongans died
in the 1918 flu pandemic. would not be without reason. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, tokyo. these are very difficult times. we can now speak to joanne mataele who has been doing all she can to reach herfamily in tonga following the eruption. thank you first of all very much indeed forjoining us in what is obviously a desperately difficult time for you, and where is yourfamily? where difficult time for you, and where is your family? where are theyin where is your family? where are they in tonga? my where is your family? where are they in tonga?— they in tonga? my family are located just _ they in tonga? my family are located just near _ they in tonga? my family are located just near the - they in tonga? my family are | located just near the coastline of borders. located just near the coastline of borden-— of borders. how many people live there? — of borders. how many people live there? there _ of borders. how many people live there? there is _ of borders. how many people live there? there is about. of borders. how many people| live there? there is about five that live in — live there? there is about five that live in the _ live there? there is about five that live in the household - live there? there is about five that live in the household and | that live in the household and we also have immediate family as well that live around that area. ., ., as well that live around that area. . ., ., , ., area. 0k, and what have you been able — area. 0k, and what have you been able to _ area. ok, and what have you been able to work— area. 0k, and what have you been able to work out, - area. ok, and what have you been able to work out, if- been able to work out, if anything, in terms of their whereabouts and their well—being? whereabouts and their well-beinu? ., ., , well-being? unfortunately, we haven't been _ well-being? unfortunately, we haven't been able _ well-being? unfortunately, we haven't been able to _
well-being? unfortunately, we haven't been able to reach - well-being? unfortunately, we haven't been able to reach my| haven't been able to reach my family since 630 tonga time on saturday since the blackout happen, but i'm pretty sure, i do have faith in our good lord but they are well and safe. we would share _ but they are well and safe. we would share that faith with you and we really do hope that is the case. can i ask you, are you able to do anything? we are hearing about the underwater communications cable, the main sort of communications link is gone for now. is there anything you can do? 0r gone for now. is there anything you can do? or are you just having to sit tight and wait at home? ., . , having to sit tight and wait at home? ., ., , ., , home? unfortunately, at this oint in home? unfortunately, at this point in time, _ home? unfortunately, at this point in time, we _ home? unfortunately, at this point in time, we just - home? unfortunately, at this point in time, we just have i home? unfortunately, at thisj point in time, we just have to wait and sit tight, but i do know some people who have been in contact with their family members back home via satellite phones. i think only a couple of people have access to these phones, so we are just sitting tight and waiting is pretty much what we can do right now,. and hoping the queue gets shorter and people get a chance to put out the messages i suppose. tonga as we know is
very long lying across most of the islands. a tsunami creates a very particular problem, but you know that in tonga. what sort of measures might your family have taken them if they do discover that they have a tsunami warning? what might have they been able to do? the only thing _ have they been able to do? the only thing we — have they been able to do? tie: only thing we have have they been able to do? tue: only thing we have been have they been able to do? tt2 only thing we have been able to do, because i have grown up in tonga and i have been in this situation before, what we do is we would gather all our family members and try to get to higher ground. donna would be where the palace is and the airport is located, so those would be the main two points my family would try and get to. right, and is there a procedure? do people sort of no, 0k, procedure? do people sort of no, ok, now is the time to follow a procedure to get to those particular points? unfortunately, i wouldn't be able to know because it has
always been instinct to try and get to higher ground, and we would always pretty much just followed my dad and what he would tell us to do, and that is to try and get to these places. is to try and get to these laces. ~ is to try and get to these laces. . ., is to try and get to these laces. ~ ., ., ,., places. right. we hear about the australian _ places. right. we hear about the australian and _ places. right. we hear about the australian and new - places. right. we hear about i the australian and new zealand military sending in ships as well to do what they can. i guess the real urgency is bound to be the simple stuff, isn't it? food and water at this stage, judging from the pictures we have got, they are not brilliant if i am honest, but it does look like an ash covered island, whichever island you are looking at. yes, that is correct. _ island you are looking at. yes, that is correct. so _ island you are looking at. yes, that is correct. so as _ island you are looking at. yes, that is correct. so as far - that is correct. so as far as ou that is correct. so as far as you are — that is correct. so as far as you are aware, _ that is correct. so as far as you are aware, that - that is correct. so as far as you are aware, that would | that is correct. so as far as i you are aware, that would be the main concern, wooded, just food and water? the main concern, wooded, 'ust food and mani food and water? that is correct- _ food and water? that is correct. it would - food and water? that is i correct. it would definitely food and water? that is - correct. it would definitely be food and water and pretty much shelter for people that have been affected in low—lying areas, especially in the coastal area waters. yeah, hopefully we can get that through and just some
accommodation for those people pretty much, yes. qt accommodation for those people pretty much. yea— pretty much, yes. of course. and there — pretty much, yes. of course. and there is _ pretty much, yes. of course. and there is talk _ pretty much, yes. of course. and there is talk about, - pretty much, yes. of course. | and there is talk about, being coded free. this has been raised as a concern of who comes in. and where you are looking at things at the moment, you just want people to get out there and help presumably?— get out there and help resumabl ? . , . presumably? that is correct, es. presumably? that is correct, yes- joanne. _ presumably? that is correct, yes. joanne, thank _ presumably? that is correct, yes. joanne, thank you - presumably? that is correct, yes. joanne, thank you so i presumably? that is correct, i yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking _ yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking to — yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking to us _ yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking to us at _ yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking to us at a _ yes. joanne, thank you so much for talking to us at a very - for talking to us at a very difficult time. we do appreciate that and we are wishing you all the very best. thank you so much for your kind words. stay safe and god bless. let's get some of the day's other news. hours after arriving back in serbia following his deportation from australia, world number one tennis star novak djokovic has learnt he may not be able to defend his french open title in may. the french government has ruled that all athletes will have to be vaccinated in order to attend and compete in sporting events in france.
translation: as soon as the law is enacted, the law that has just been voted on, to practise one's profession, or to come for pleasure to a sports facility, one will have to present a vaccination certificate. this will apply to people who live and do this on a daily basis in france, but also, to foreigners who come to our territory on holiday orfor a major sports competition. ten of america's biggest airlines are warning that the united states "is facing major disruption of the traveling and shipping public" if verizon and at&t 5g mobile phone services are switched on as planned on wednesday. their concerns are centred on fears that 5g signals at a particular frequency will interfere with aircraft navigation systems, particularly those that are used in adverse weather conditions north korea has confirmed it fired tactical guided missiles on monday. it's the latest in a series of recent tests that highlighted its evolving missile programmes amid stalled talks on denuclearisation.
the missile test was north korea's fourth of 2022 already with two previous launches involving hypersonic missiles. the muslim council of britain has condemned an attack on a synagogue in texas in the strongest possible terms. malik faisal akram from blackburn was shot dead by police after taking four people hostage. two teenagers have been arrested in manchester as part of the investigation. the bbc�*s sophie long sent this update from dallas. the authorities here at the united states have made it very clear that this is now an investigation with several strands and one that is global in reach. certainly, counterterror offices both here in texas and in the north of england are both now working on this investigation as evidenced by the arrests of two teenagers in manchester overnight. they're still being questioned. what we've learned here today is many more details
about exactly what happened in the building behind me during that ordeal on saturday. we've heard from the rabbi, rabbi charlie walker. he has been speaking to our partners here in the united states, cbs news, and he told them that when the hostage taker arrived here on saturday, he looked like a vulnerable person, perhaps someone who did not have a home. they welcomed into the synagogue, gave him a cup of tea, they talked to him as other parts of the story did not stand up and nothing particularly suspicious. it was only much later when their praying that they turned his back towards the hostage taker and he heard the click. he said it could've been anything, but it was the click of a gun and it was then that their ordeal began. we also learned a lot about what happened in the final minutes of this hostage situation on saturday night here, and he said, the rabbi said they saw an opportunity, they had training, him and his
congregation had active shooter training that was invaluable and he said they owe their lives to that. he said that they saw an opportunity and he checked that the two men that were still with them were ready and he threw a chair at the hostage taker and it was then that they made their dramatic and very brave escape. borisjohnson's former chief adviser, dominic cummings, now one of his leading critics, has said he warned the prime minister in person about a downing street drinks party in may 2020 during the first lockdown. last week, mrjohnson said he believed he was attending a work event, and downing street said tonight it was untrue that the prime minister had been given a warning about the event in advance. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has more details. the prime minister needs friends. an earlyjog with the dog at the start of a week that could decide his future. waiting for an official verdict over what gatherings were going on under his own roof during lockdown. last week there was an apology and an admission about one event.
i believed implicitly that this was a work event. but, mr speaker, with hindsight, i should have sent everyone back inside. the evening in the number 10 garden had been organised by one of his right—hand men, his private secretary martin reynolds here, who'd invited around 100 people. but a man who used to be by borisjohnson's side has challenged the version of events. writing online, dominic cummings says on the day of the event itself, amid many arguments: number 10, though, says: remember, mr cummings doesn't hide his desire to see borisjohnson gone.
chief adviser back then, perhaps now enemy number one. yet two other former officials say they remember mr cummings telling them that day he'd warned the prime minister not to go ahead before the drinks gathering took place in the garden in any case. number 10 firmly disputes this account, yet tonight's spat will dim government hopes that the febrile atmosphere may have started to calm. do you have confidence in the prime minister? there is widespread fear and sometimes loathing about the mess and the public�*s reaction. yet there's a pause before the official report from civil servant sue gray emerges. it is only right that we don't condemn the prime minister, someone who's apologised to parliament and said that he will come back when the sue gray investigation is finished. that is the fairest way of dealing with this. it's impossible to know right now how many mps really
want borisjohnson out. but many have heard anger from constituents when, not if, is a common refrain. my constituents at the moment are about 60:1 against the prime minister, and i've listened very carefully to members of my association too. there are some very strident voices in my constituency demanding that i support the prime minister. for many conservatives, it's the style and character of this government that concerns, not the specifics of any parties. but acting to take out a leader is a drastic move, and it's not clear yet how many punches the prime minister can really withstand. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: ukraine's former president petro poroshenko appears in court on treason charges he says are politically motivated. we'll be talking to a human rights group in the capital kyiv.
donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first. america first. demonstrators waiting for mike gatting and his rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they would carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him the 'butcher of lyon'. klaus altmann is being held on a fraud charge in bolivia. the west germans want to extradite him for crimes committed in wartime france. there, he was the gestapo chief klaus barbie. millions came to bathe as close as possible to this spot. - a tide of humanity that's i believed by officials to have
this is bbc news. the main headline: aid efforts for tonga have been gathering pace following saturday's massive volcanic eruption and tsunami. ukraine's former president petro poroshenko has appeared in court on treason charges he says are politically motivated. the charges allege that poroshenko was involved in the sale of large amounts of coal that helped finance russian—backed separatists in eastern ukraine in 2014—15. he appeared in court after arriving back in the country from warsaw where he's been for the last month. we can now speak to peter zalmayev who's director of the eurasia democracy initiative. hejoins us from ukraine's capital kyiv. thank you forjoining us.
goodness me, the timing is one thing for all this. you would think they bigger and more concerning things to focus on but what is the public response to seeing petro poroshenko in this position? the to seeing petro poroshenko in this position?— this position? the public is currently — this position? the public is currently at _ this position? the public is currently at best _ this position? the public is| currently at best apathetic. the very nature of the charges, the sale of coal, most folks just do not bother to find out what that is all about. most ukrainians are concerned about the missing russian troops on the missing russian troops on the ukraine border both from north, east and south, in occupied crimea. it is causing shoulder shrugging and there is a sense of disbelief that this is happening while ukraine is
asking western capitals for moral, politicaland asking western capitals for moral, political and financial support. petro poroshenko, it was his day in court and it was a tactical victory for petro poroshenko because he demonstrated he was able to have a show of strength. supporters stayed at the courthouse for 12 others and he has also been shown support from the west, us senators staying at a hotel, having a meeting with petro poroshenko morning vladimir zelenskiy. tt morning vladimir zelenskiy. it is an odd are not very popular former president to be brought back into centre stage. do you see this as a new effort to enter the ethical frame again?
absolutely and this is happening as vladimir zelenskiy�*s ratings have tanked and petro poroshenko's ratings have gone up. it is the first time in history if a former president would be thrown in jail. tt president would be thrown in 'ail. , ., .,., ., , jail. it is an extraordinary situation. _ jail. it is an extraordinary situation. thank - jail. it is an extraordinary situation. thank you - jail. it is an extraordinary situation. thank you very j jail. it is an extraordinary - situation. thank you very much indeed. it's a question that has plagued historians ever since the end of the second world war — who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis? anne frank died in a concentration camp in 1945, at the age of 15, after two years in hiding in amsterdam. her diary, published after her death, is probably the most famous first—hand account ofjewish life during the war. anna holligan reports from amsterdam on a lengthy investigation, and potentially, a conclusive answer. the final entry in anne frank's diary. tuesday 1st august 19114.
three days later, thejewish teenager was arrested. this was the frank family's hiding place during the nazi occupation of the netherlands. and this question of who betrayed the frank family, who had lived in this building undetected for more than two years, untiljust months before the end of the war, has remained one of the great mysteries of dutch history. and now this team of investigators have identified a man who they believe is the key suspect, a jewish lawyer who had been based here in amsterdam helping jewish refugees fleeing nazi germany. no dna clues or video images existed, so the detectives relied on circumstantial evidence, and a note. the final suspect became the person who was named in an anonymous note
sent to 0tto frank shortly after he got back from the camp, auschwitz, in which a man called van den bergh was identified as the betrayer. 0tto frank was anne's father and the only member of the family to survive the war. the suggestion that the betrayer appears to be someone from within thejewish community is hard for many to bear. the historic context is critical here. it's a story of a man who was cornered and in order to save himself, his wife, his children from the gas chambers he gave a list of addresses to the sd which had no names. so the story is tragic. while there is still a degree of scepticism that we may never know the true identity of the betrayer, this tale serves as a warning, a lesson of what humanity may be capable of in its darkest time.
yet another way anne frank's legacy remains alive. anna holligan, bbc news, amsterdam. it is an extraordinary case. a key figure in uncovering these findings is vince pankoke, a retired fbi special agent and director of investigation of the cold case team which looked into the story of anne frank's betrayal — we can talk to vince now from fort lauderdale in florida. 0ur correspondent was talking about the continued scepticism that exists about ever finding the real answer. how conclusive do you think your evidence is? i know it has been a frustration of historians and even people who have followed and frank for years and years because it has never been a clear answer. because it has never been a clearanswer. ——
because it has never been a clear answer. —— anne frank. we feel we are 85% 95% sure for a case this old, nearly 80 years old — that is pretty conclusive. old - that is pretty conclusive.- old - that is pretty conclusive. ~ ., , ., conclusive. what was his role in the community _ conclusive. what was his role in the community at - conclusive. what was his role in the community at the - conclusive. what was his role l in the community at the time? where did he fit into the panorama of amsterdam at the time? qt panorama of amsterdam at the time? . ., , panorama of amsterdam at the time? , ~ ., ., time? of course arnold van den bern h time? of course arnold van den itergh was _ time? of course arnold van den bergh was jewish _ time? of course arnold van den bergh was jewish and _ time? of course arnold van den bergh was jewish and subject i time? of course arnold van denj bergh was jewish and subject to bergh wasjewish and subject to many of the restrictions but because he was a member of the jewish council he received a benefit, an exemption from deportation at first but he even took further action to try and ensure his safety and that of his family by purchasing another type of exemption that existed during this time, it was called 120,000 stamps, and that would further exempt him from deportation and finally, as a final move in his chest
came to protect himself and his family, he applied for and received a status that was a nazi office establish that you would apply to and claim that either one or more of your grandparents were not in fact jewish and therefore you would not be jewish. jewish and therefore you would not bejewish. he actually received this exemption in september of 1943, declaring him september of1943, declaring him non— september of 1943, declaring him non— jewish. let september of1943, declaring him non- jewish.— september of 1943, declaring him non- jewish. let me ask you this, you — him non- jewish. let me ask you this. you have — him non- jewish. let me ask you this, you have the _ him non- jewish. let me ask you this, you have the book- him non- jewish. let me ask you this, you have the book behind l this, you have the book behind you, the betrayal of anne frank — is that word betrayal the right word? - is that word betrayal the right word?— - is that word betrayal the right word? only if it is put into context. _ right word? only if it is put into context. to _ right word? only if it is put| into context. to understand that arnold van den bergh like so manyjewish people were forced into collaboration by the nazi occupiers. tt forced into collaboration by the nazi occupiers.- the nazi occupiers. it will alwa s the nazi occupiers. it will always be _ the nazi occupiers. it will always be a _ the nazi occupiers. it will always be a huge - the nazi occupiers. it will
always be a huge and - the nazi occupiers. it will. always be a huge and moral ambivalence against cases like this. vince pankoke thank you forjoining us. you are watching bbc news. thank you for being with us. hello. clear skies across most parts of the uk at the moment. may mean we're getting to see a full glimpse of the first full moon of the season, the wolf moon, but it also has led to temperatures dropping quite widely. a widely frosty start to tuesday morning, maybe as low as —3 to —5 in some parts of central, southern england, and it's here where we've got some dense patches of fog to start the tuesday morning commute. some of that could start to build for a while during the morning rush—hour but then slowly start to shift during the morning. lots of sunshine elsewhere. a bit more breeze to the north and west, so not as cold here, but it's here in northern ireland and western scotland we'll see some outbreaks of rain develop from lunchtime into the afternoon. most parts, though, will stay dry. cloud amounts increase. predominantly sunny, though, for northern england. and with winds lightest
towards the south and east of the country, here, we'll see temperatures actually the lowest after that foggy start — only three to five celsius for one or two. the milder breeze out in the west lifts temperatures between 9 and 11 celsius. into this evening, some showers for a time in scotland and then another batch will push in on strengthening winds, all tied into this cold front. this is a bit more active than the one that precedes it, just bringing a few showers across england and wales during the night, meaning not as cold a start to wednesday morning. but cold air will be pushing southwards through the day behind this zone of cloud and showers which starts around the borders of scotland, northern england, north wales and then drifts its way southwards. in its wake, though, most will see good long sunny spells through the afternoon. one or two showers dotted around to the north and northwest, those showers turning wintry in northern scotland — just 2 degrees in lerwick, holding onto around 10 celsius in the south. but as we go through into wednesday night and thursday morning, a widespread frost will develop once again. perhaps for some of you, a colder night than will start tuesday. and that frost will be greeted with some sunshine overhead too.
but a cold breeze down eastern coasts could feed in one or two wintry showers for a time. a noticeable wind—chill here. maybe feeling subzero through the day across some eastern coastal counties of england. come further west, with the winds lighter, temperatures up to where we should be for this stage in january. another chilly night to come, then, through thursday night into friday, and as the high—pressure starts to drift its way southwards once again, we are back to the problems with mist and fog in the south, but allowing more of an atlantic breeze to push in through the north, bringing varying amounts of cloud and lifting the temperature a little bit. and, crucially, for much of the uk, end of the week and the weekend will be staying dry. see you soon.
the headlines: the united nations says there's been a distress signal from an isolated, low—lying group of islands in the tonga archipelago following saturday's massive volcanic eruption and tsunami. the south pacific country remains virtually cut off from the rest of the world due to a damaged communications underwater cable. the australian and new zealand military are scrambled to provide humanitarian aid in what's fast becoming a race against time. both countries are carrying drinking water and humanitarian aid and disaster relief supplies for a three day voyage. aircraft have also been sent to the islands, although the airport has yet to be cleared of ash. the muslim council of britain is condemned an attack on a synagogue in texas in the strongest possible terms. the man from blackburn was shot dead by police after taking four people hostage.