offers an answer. it's eight in the morning in singapore, and 1pm in tonga, which remains virtually cut off from the rest of the world after an underwater volcano erupted on saturday, damaging an underwater communications cable. surveillance flights from australia and new zealand reported significant damage in the capital, nuku'alofa. tonga has a population of around a hundred thousand — the red cross estimates that about 80 per cent of them may have been affected. our correspondent rupert wingfield hayes has the latest. these pictures of the hunga tonga—hunga ha'apai volcano erupting are from last friday. this is just a foretaste of what was to come a day
later — an eruption many, many times larger. this is the volcano poking above the ocean's surface last week. and today, it's completely gone. it has now been confirmed the huge eruption severed the main cable linking tonga to the outside world. this morning, new zealand dispatched aircraft to try and find out what is going on. some of those islands are reporting that they haven't had loss of life but i would reiterate that is second—hand and it's early days. this evening we learned this british woman, angela glover, was killed by the tsunami that hit the island on saturday. she had moved to tonga in 2015 to open an animal shelter. she died trying to rescue her dogs. the strange thing was, the uglier the dog, the more she loved it. her initial call to go to tonga was to swim with whales, which she did, and yeah.
beautiful girl, she is irreplaceable. offers from new zealand and australia to help tonga are being complicated by the covid pandemic. the island nation is currently covid—free and it wants to stay that way. they have had disasters during the pandemic previously, from cyclones and hurricanes, and what they did then was just air drop supplies in and there was no physical contact or interaction between, say, troops and the local forces. a century ago, nearly one in ten tongans died in the 1918 flu pandemic. any reluctance now to ask for help would not be without reason. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, tokyo. i'm joined now by katie greenwood, she heads the international red cross's pacific delegation, and joins us from suva in fiji.
ican imagine i can imagine this is very difficult and busy time for your organisation. in the first instance, are you getting any news from tonga? where the pa rt part of the latest thing you're hearing? irate part of the latest thing you're hearin: ? ~ . ., hearing? we are getting more news which — hearing? we are getting more news which is _ hearing? we are getting more news which is fantastic - hearing? we are getting more. news which is fantastic because we have been cut off as your news broadcast is been saying. we have not been able to have contact with our red cross teams on the ground since saturday afternoon, just after the initial blast. and this nominee happening with authorities moving people to higher ground and since then, we have been cut off. and with support of the british high commission, we are able to relay a series of message to our offices and we will have that for a couple of hours from now to get more updates. we are fortunate that the surveillance
flights have been able to give more satellite imagery of her getting more news coming in on some satellite calls and from other agencies that are sharing information. from that, we know thank goodness that the damage doesn't seem to have been as catastrophic as we had first thought it might be. but there is still widespread damage, particularly to the western particularly to the western part of the main island we're looking forward to hearing from those other islands closer to the blast site.— those other islands closer to the blast site. and i suppose that is very _ the blast site. and i suppose that is very encouraging - the blast site. and i suppose | that is very encouraging news in the midst of all of this, some of the most urgent priorities and concerns for aid organisations trying to get relief out to these areas? we know that — relief out to these areas? - know that water and food will be the essential issues in the coming days. the fall from the volcano has been significant and is leaving a lot of areas looking like a lunar landscape. this means that ash will of
gotten into the drinking water and majority of people in tonga rely on rainwater for their household needs for clean drinking water. and there is a big concern. aid agencies will be focusing on the priority in terms of water for purification, kits and models that will pump out enough water for communities and are also looking at food needs because the ash have fallen into gardens and cash crops and things like that. so, there may be some market interruption. they will be focusing on those issues and also shelter. in a number of areas, homes have been significantly damaged or completely washed away, so we will be looking to provide immediate shelter and tools to shore up temporary shelters as well. ., ., ., ., ., well. head of the international red cross _ well. head of the international red cross and _ well. head of the international red cross and delegation - red cross and delegation keeping up to date on the developments on the ground.
thank you forjoining us on newsday. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. north korea is reported to have fired tactical guided missiles on monday. it's the latest in a series of recent tests that highlighted its evolving missile programmes amid stalled talks on denuclearisation. the missile test was north korea's fourth of 2022 already, with two previous launches involving hypersonic missiles. members of martin luther king jr's family have led hundreds of demonstrators through washington demanding voter reform, on the annual holiday to honour the civil rights activist. president biden and vice president harris have also urged the senate to make progress on a bill that would expand postal voting and strengthen oversight in states with a history of racial discrimination. an extreme right—wing candidate for the french presidential election, eric zemmour, has been fined more than eleven thousand
dollars after a court in paris found him guilty of hate speech. the case relates to remarks mr zemmour made in 2020, when he called unaccompanied child migrants to france thieves, killers and rapists. mr zemmour�*s lawyer said he'd encouraged his client to appeal. borisjohnson�*s former chief adviser dominic cummings, now one of his leading critics — has said he warned the uk prime minister in person about a downing street drinks party, in may 2020, during the first lockdown. last week mrjohnson said he believed he was attending a �*work event', and downing street said it was untrue that the prime minister had been given a warning about the event in advance. 0ur political editor laura kuenssberg has more details. the prime minister needs friends.
an earlyjog with the dog at the start of a week that could decide his future. waiting for an official verdict over what gatherings were going on under his own roof during lockdown. last week there was an apology and an admission about one event. i believed implicitly that this was a work event. but, mr speaker, with hindsight i should have sent everyone back inside. the evening in the number 10 garden had been organised by one of his right—hand men, his private secretary martin reynolds here, who had invited around 100 people. but a man who used to be beside borisjohnson�*s side has challenged the version of events. writing online, dominic cummings says on the day of the event itself, amid many arguments... number 10, though, says...
remember, mr cummings doesn't hide his desire to see borisjohnson gone. chief adviser back then, perhaps now enemy number one. yet two other former officials say they remember mr cummings telling them that day he'd warned the prime minister not to go ahead before the drinks gathering took place in the garden in any case. number 10 firmly disputes this account yet tonight's spat will dim government hopes that the febrile atmosphere may have started to calm. do you have confidence in the prime minister? there is widespread fear and sometimes loathing about the mess and the public�*s reaction. yet there is a pause before the official report from civil servant sue gray emerges. it is only right that we don't condemn the prime minister, someone who has apologised
to parliament and said that he will come back when the sue gray investigation is finished. that is the fairest way of dealing with this. it's impossible to know right now how many mps really want borisjohnson out. but many have heard anger from constituents. when, not if, is a common refrain. my constituents at the moment are about 60—1 against - the prime ministerand i've listened very carefully to l members of my association too. there are some very strident voices in my constituency - demanding that i support the prime minister. - for many conservatives it's the style and character of this government that concerns, not the specifics of any parties. but acting to take out a leader is a drastic move, and it's not clear yet how many punches the prime minister can really withstand. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. the muslim council of britain has condemned
an attack on a synagogue in texas in the strongest possible terms. malik faisal akram from blackburn was shot dead by police after taking four people hostage. two teenagers have been arrested in manchester as part of the investigation. the bbc�*s sophie long sent this update from dallas. the authorities here at the united states have made it very clear that this is now an investigation with several strands and one that is global in reach. certainly counterterror offices here in texas and in the north of england are now working on this investigation as evidenced by the arrests of two teenagers in manchester overnight. they're still being questioned. what we have learned here today is many more details about exactly what happened in the building behind me during that ordeal on saturday and we've heard from the rabbi, rabbi charlie walker, he has been speaking to our partners in the united states and he told them that when the hostage taker arrived here on saturday, he looked like a vulnerable
person, perhaps someone who did not have a home. they welcomed into the synagogue and gave them a cup of tea so they talked to him as other parts of the story did not stand up and nothing particularly suspicious. it was only much later when their praying that they turned his back towards the hostage taker and heard the click. he said it could've been anything, but it was the click of a gun it was then that their ordeal began. we also learned about what happened in the final minutes of this hostage situation on saturday night here and he said, the rabbi said the sun opportunity, here and he said, the rabbi said the saw an opportunity, they had training, him and his congregation had active shooter training that was invaluable in he said they owe their lives to that. he said that they saw an opportunity and he checked with the two men that were still with them and he threw a chair at the hostage taker and it was then that they made their dramatic and very brave escape.
you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. novak djokovic arrives back in serbia after losing his visa battle in australia. donald trump is now the 45th president of the united states. he was sworn in before several hundred thousand people on the steps of capitol hill in washington. it's going to be only america first! america first! demonstrators waiting for the rebel cricket team were attacked with tear gas and set upon by police dogs. anti—apartheid campaigners say they will carry on the protests throughout the tour. they called him the butcher. being held fraudi charge in bolivia. they want to extradite him
for crimes committed - more wartime france. there, he was- the gestapo chief. millions came to the spot, a tight of humidity believed by officials to have broken all records. this is newsday on the bbc. 0ur headlines. aid efforts for tonga have been gathering pace following saturday's massive volcanic eruption and tsunami. borisjohnson�*s former adviser dominic cummings says he was warned about a downing street party at the height of lockdown. number ten denies the allegations. novak djokovic has arrived in serbia after being deported from australia. he'd been hoping to defend his australian open title, but was denied a visa because he's not had a covid vaccine. from belgrade, our sports editor dan roan sent this report.
he had hoped to return to his hometown is the first man to win 21 grand slams. instead, another djokovic limited of belgrade airport having been thrown out of australia following a bruising legal to feed that in the 12 days of drama over his unvaccinated status. reflecting his standing here, the row number one slipped out of the diplomatic exit of avoiding of the small crowd of loyal fans furious about his deportation down under. i about his deportation down under. ~ , about his deportation down under. ~' , , ., , under. i think they should be ashamed _ under. i think they should be ashamed of _ under. i think they should be ashamed of themselves - under. i think they should be ashamed of themselves and | under. i think they should be | ashamed of themselves and i think that novak will rise like this phoenix. to think that novak will rise like this phoenix.— think that novak will rise like this phoenix. to 'ust not even know, this phoenix. to 'ust not even know. just h this phoenix. to 'ust not even know. just to _ this phoenix. to just not even know, just to treat _ this phoenix. to just not even know, just to treat any - this phoenix. to just not even| know, just to treat any human like this— know, just to treat any human like this is— know, just to treat any human like this isjust wrong. know, just to treat any human like this is just wrong.- like this is 'ust wrong. after some that — like this isjust wrong. after some that threatened - like this isjust wrong. after some that threatened to - like this is just wrong. after| some that threatened to boil over after his presence in melbourne, the australian began without the reigning champion.
rafael nadal meanwhile through to the second round, but the man he is love with him 20 grand slam titles still the big talking point. i grand slam titles still the big talking point.— talking point. i wish them all the best and _ talking point. i wish them all the best and i _ talking point. i wish them all the best and i think - talking point. i wish them all the best and i think this - the best and i think this situation has been a mess. 0n the best and i think this situation has been a mess. on a personal level, yes, iwould like — personal level, yes, iwould like to— personal level, yes, iwould like to see him playing here. if like to see him playing here. if he — like to see him playing here. if he is— like to see him playing here. if he is there or not, is a discussion that i don't want to talk any— discussion that i don't want to talk any more about that. though— talk any more about that. though still unvaccinated, novak djokovic risks being thrown teddy mcpherson out of grand slam tennis after the government tightened the rules of her covid—19 path of sporting events. something for him to ponder as he arrived home at his luxury apartment in belgrade earlier. after damaging saga that sparked a global debate over vaccination policy. know that chuck fitch is trying to put the subset behind in in the city where he enjoys unwavering support. but his stance means that his hope
of becoming the most successful player in the history of the men's game remains uncertain. the bbc�*s director general, tim davie, has said the decision to freeze the uk tv licence fee is "disappointing". he warned the move would lead to "tough choices" that would affect viewers and listeners. the british culture secretary, nadine dorries, has also announced that a review will examine whether a mandatory fee is still the best way of funding the corporation after 2027. katie razzall has more details. the bbc is 100 this year and so much has changed across radio, tv and more recently, online. in a digitalage, the corporation is under increasing pressure. and today came the opposite of a birthday present — the £159 licence fee that funds nearly three quarters of the bbc�*s budget will be frozen for two years. the bbc wanted the fee to rise to over £180
by the end of this settlement. instead, it will remain fixed at £159 until april 202a. that's more money in the pockets of pensioners, in the pockets of families, who are struggling to make ends meet. labour says this government wants to destroy the bbc because it doesn't like its journalism. is the licence fee really at the heart of the cost of living crisis? or is this really about their long—standing vendetta against the bbc? now it's part of operation red meat, to save the prime minister from becoming dead meat. the culture secretary had claimed yesterday in a headline—making tweet that this license fee announcement would be the last. today, she appeared to row back, simply saying discussions on future funding must begin. suggested replacements include a subscription service, perhaps with a government grant
to fund less commercial programming, or even allowing the bbc to run adverts. the biggest living thing... quality broadcasting doesn't come cheap. freezing the licence fee for two years is a real terms annual cut of nearly half a billion pounds by 2027 according to one media analyst, enders — that is around the same as the bbc spent on all its radio output last year. we're going to have to address how we do what we do differently and there will have to be changes and consequences. if you diminish capital resources, there are going to be effects. the bbc has already had ten years of real reduction by about 30%. whatever the funding after 2027, cuts are inevitably coming as a result of this latest settlement. if you don't watch it, why would you pay the licence fee? you should be able to have a tv in your house without paying it. i'm happy to pay it. the bbc produces some great programmes. - things have changed with streaming services but i think the bbc is one
of the things out there that is still the same, still part of british culture. frozen for next year, it's good really, isn't it? that's what we want. it would help our pensions. the culture secretary has effectively kick—started a public debate on the future of the bbc, putting those who say she wants to destroy a national treasure against those who argue that the licence fee model is outdated in a world of netflix and disney+. today though, she wouldn't commit to offering up any alternatives. and in the short term alone, hyperinflation in the likes of drama and sports programming means whatever the bbc decides to axe, difficult decisions lie ahead. katie razzall, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the stories in the headlines in the uk. a controversial new policing law proposed by the british government has suffered a defeat in the country's upper chamber. critics fear the police, crime, sentencing and courts bill would place excessive curbs on the right to protest.
the house of lords opposed measures allowing police in england and wales to stop a demonstration if they think it's too noisy. they also rejected plans to ban large protests directly outside parliament. britain is to provide ukraine with further military assistance, including supplying short range anti—tank missiles as tensions continue with russia. around a hundred thousand russian troops have been deployed to the border alongside ukraine. uk defence secretary ben wallace insisted the weapons were purely for ukraine's self—defence. the british home secretary, priti patel, has confirmed the royal navy is, once again, being drafted in, in an attempt to reduce the record number of migrants crossing the english channel — between the uk and france — in small boats. the chairman of the uk's defence select committee, tobias ellwood, criticised the plans as "rushed" and a "massive distraction" for the military.
it's a question that has plagued historians ever since the end of the second world war. who betrayed the family of anne frank to the nazis. anne frank died in a concentration camp in 1945, at the age of 15, after two years in hiding. her diary, published after her death, is probably the most famous first—hand account ofjewish life during the war. anna holligan reports from amsterdam. the final entry in anne frank's diary. tuesday 1st august 19114. three days later, thejewish teenager was arrested. this was the frank family's hiding place during the nazi occupation of the netherlands. and this question of who betrayed the frank family, who had lived in this building
undetected for more than two years, untiljust months before the end of the war, has remained one of the great mysteries of dutch history. and now this team of investigators have identified a man who they believe is the key suspect, a jewish lawyer who had been based here in amsterdam helping jewish refugees fleeing nazi germany. no dna clues or video images existed, so the detectives relied on circumstantial evidence, and a note. the final suspect became the person who was named in an anonymous note sent to 0tto frank shortly after he got back from the camp, auschwitz, in which a man called van den bergh was identified as the betrayer. 0tto frank was anne's father and the only member of the family to survive the war. the suggestion that the betrayer appears to be someone from within thejewish
community is hard for many to bear. the historic context is critical here. it's a story of a man who was cornered and in order to save himself, his wife, his children from the gas chambers he gave a list of addresses to the sd which had no names. so, the story is tragic. while there is still a degree of scepticism that we may never know the true identity of the betrayer, this tale serves as a warning, a lesson of what humanity may be capable of in its darkest time. yet another way anne frank's legacy remains alive. anna holligan, bbc news, amsterdam. that's all for now — stay with bbc world news.
hello. clear skies across most parts of the uk at the moment. may mean we're getting to see a full glimpse of the first full moon of the season, the wolf moon, but it also has led to temperatures dropping quite widely. a widely frosty start to tuesday morning, maybe as low as —3 to —5 in some parts of central, southern england, and it's here where we've got some dense patches of fog to start the tuesday morning commute. some of that could start to build for a while during the morning rush—hour but then slowly start to shift during the morning. lots of sunshine elsewhere. a bit more breeze to the north and west, so not as cold here, but it's here in northern ireland and western scotland we'll see some outbreaks of rain develop from lunchtime into the afternoon. most parts, though, will stay dry. cloud amounts increase.
predominantly sunny, though, for northern england. and with winds lightest towards the south and east of the country, here, we'll see temperatures actually the lowest after that foggy start — only 3 to 5 celsius for one or two. the milder breeze out in the west lifts temperatures between 9 and 11 celsius. into this evening, some showers for a time in scotland and then another batch will push in on strengthening winds, all tied into this cold front. this is a bit more active than the one that precedes it, just bringing a few showers across england and wales during the night, meaning not as cold a start to wednesday morning. but cold air will be pushing southwards through the day behind this zone of cloud and showers which starts around the borders of scotland, northern england, north wales and then drifts its way southwards. in its wake, though, most will see good long sunny spells through the afternoon. one or two showers dotted around to the north and northwest, those showers turning wintry in northern scotland — just 2 degrees in lerwick, holding onto around 10 celsius in the south. but as we go through into wednesday night and thursday morning, a widespread frost will develop once again. perhaps for some of you, a colder night than we will start tuesday. and that frost will be greeted with some
sunshine overhead too. but a cold breeze down eastern coasts could feed in one or two wintry showers for a time. a noticeable wind—chill here. maybe feeling subzero through the day across some eastern coastal counties of england. come further west, with the winds lighter, temperatures up to where we should be for this stage in january. another chilly night to come, then, through thursday night into friday, and as the high—pressure starts to drift its way southwards once again, we are back to the problems with mist and fog in the south, but allowing more of an atlantic breeze to push in through the north, bringing varying amounts of cloud and lifting the temperature a little bit. and, crucially, for much of the uk, end of the week and the weekend will be staying dry. see you soon.
this is bbc news. we'll have the headlines and all the main news stories for you at the top of the hour, as newsday continues straight after hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk. i'm stephen sackur. prime minister borisjohnson has a trust problem. the stream of revelations about partying at number 10 downing street when britain was in strict covid lockdown prompted a prime ministerial apology and a pledge to do better, but can he be trusted to change? many voters seem to doubt it, so too do some of his own mps.