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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 21, 2021 4:00pm-4:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines at four... ole gunnar solskjaer has been sacked as manchester united's manager, after seniorfigures at the club met last night. fires and fighting on the streets of the hague — lockdown protesters clash with dutch police in a second night of violence. in the uk, an investigation is being launched into whether there is racial bias in the design of some medical devices used by the national health service. the health secretary said people may have died as a result of the issue. i think possibly yes, yes. i don't have the full facts and that will be across... these oximeters are being used in every country and they have the same problem. labour accuses the home secretary of "dangerous incompetence" over
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channel migrant crossings — as more than three times as many people have crossed from france to the uk by boat this year compared to 2020. the women's tennis association says videos released by chinese media showing missing player pung shuai, including one at a tennis tournament, don't prove she's genuinely free. showing missing player peng shuai, including one at a tennis tournament, don't prove she's genuinely free. and — the taxi driver from the liverpool terror attack has released a statement saying it's a "miracle" he is alive, and thanking the public for their "amazing generosity." one of the biggestjobs in football management has become vacant — after manchester united sacked ole gunnar solskjaer. he's been in charge for almost three years , but the team has suffered
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a run of poor results, with a 4—1 defeat by watford yesterday. joe lynskey looks back on solskjaer�*s time at manchester united. for manchester united, he was the coach with the connection, the playing icon who became manager. no—one hoped the end would be like this. in ole gunnar solskjaer�*s last match, his team were beaten 4—1 by watford, the end of a run of seven league games with one win and now three humiliations. last month, united lost 5—0 at home to liverpool and, on the same ground, were beaten by manchester city. defeat to bitter rivals have caused the most damage. the boys, of course, they're disappointed. they've let themselves down and the fans down. it's hard to stand here and explain that, but that's football, and we have to take the flak for it. solskjaerjoined united 25 years ago. he was the striker whose late goals meant so much. super sub has done it again! in 2018, he became temporary manager and their form was so good,
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he was the standout choice. but, as permanent boss, there have been no trophies. this was meant to be the year it came good. cristiano ronaldo scored twice on his debut, but even his goals haven't stopped this dismal run. now even the players don't hold back. it was embarrassing. we don't know what to do with the ball, we don't know how to defend properly, we are conceding a lot of goals. yeah, it's another nightmare. since 2013, everything's changed. united now seek a fifth permanent boss since sir alex ferguson left. as a player under him, solskjaer won six league titles. but, as a coach, too much has gone wrong and, this time for solskjaer, there is no late turnaround. joe lynskey, bbc news. earlierjamiejackson, who is manchester football correspondent for the guardian, and the author of a book about ole gunnar solskjaer, explained that ole�*s successes were always caveated by the sense that he was learning in hisjob.
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if you are manager of manchester united really you should be like, thomas at chelsea, pep guardiola at manchester city, juergen klopp for liverpool, know, you know, gentlemen who are already proven because you walk into manchester united and is a completely different creature to any of those clubs ijust mentioned there, chelsea, liverpool. i was at the europa league final a summer which they lost on penalties in the goalkeeper missed the decisive penalty and it wasn't his fault of course and i think he hasjust come up short. if you asked me to crystallise into one reason why he failed i would say not signing a defensive midfielder or a really good midfielder like say say declan rice at west ham in the summer. instead going for cristiano ronaldo.
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it is not ronaldo�*s fault but he did not need another striker who could score a hatful of goals because he has cavani there, marcus rashford, jason greenwood... because it's not for the want of money, isn't it? he's got money to spend? it is a bit of a myth that manchester united does not spend money. they most certainly do and i am also right in thinking that legal associate since he was appointed as kind of had the biggest budget. —— ole gunnar solskjaer since appointed has had the biggest budget. he has built a very good squad, missing one or two games and also the club now is in a far better, happier place and why that is important is he will not win anything unless a football club is, you know, pulling together all in one direction. underjose mourinho and are venial, it certainly was not and is doing now despite the recent
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really bad form. underjose mourinho it certainly was not and is doing now despite the recent really bad form. we never his something along those lines saying thank you, solskjaer, you did us proud, the last three months ripped off but before that you did us proud and you have a source of solace. you said that's used night it was a different kind of put them on in the premier league sides. what was going wrong and what to you been the fact that they needed? under mourinho it wasn't very happy place, top to bottom and up to the executive vice chairman there were problems and people were getting on and it was a divisive place and therefore you are really not going to as they say, obviously football is a team game on the field but it is also a team game off the field. within the club, it not has to be happy going into work and that one has restored that end now nearly three years since he walked into the place, december 19 i believe, itjust was not like that at all and he leave the club in a far, far, better healthier spot than it was when he walked
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in and that should not be underestimated because it took time and that is a definite skill solskjaer had and he displayed so whoever walks in now and takes over, you know, can thank him for that. jamiejackson from the guardian newspaper speaking to us earlier. the taxi driver from the liverpool terror attack has released a statement and thanked the public for their "amazing generosity". david perry released the following statement alongside his wife rachel... tributes have also been paid
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to the response from the public, emergency responders and hospital staff, in an open letter from police and local political figures. written on behalf of liverpool's mayorjoanne anderson, senior merseyside police leaders, and metro mayor steve rotheram, the health secretary sajid javid says the covid booster programme should prevent britain experiencing the spike in cases seen in the netherlands and other parts of europe. the jabs are being extended to the over forties from tomorrow. mrjavid said there are no plans to put any european countries back on the travel ban list, danjohnson reports. this is the european backlash to tightening lockdowns, restricted freedoms, even mandated vaccinations, all in response to a wave of rising covid cases. by sajid javid,
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the health secretary... but here in the uk. the health secretary this morning ruled out compulsory vaccinations with the focus instead on the boosterjab campaign. well, we are extending it from tomorrow, actually, to people in the age group, a0 to a9, and we will keep under review how that might be extended in the future. and we're seeing record numbers of people come forward, but i would urge everyone to, if they are eligible to do so, to come forward, because that's the best way we can look forward to the kind of christmas that we all want to see. there's no plan to restrict travel. the feeling is the delta variant may be spreading through europe, but it's already here. our vaccination rates are high, but one of the scientists behind the oxford—astrazeneca vaccine was asked, are we getting close to herd immunity? well, it depends what you mean by herd immunity. if you mean stopping the virus so it can no longer spread, that's not going to be a thing. unfortunately, this virus is going to be with us
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for decades ahead. if you mean slowing it down, then that's something which the vaccines are already doing. we know the pandemic has hit some people harder than others. and the health secretary thinks he's found one reason why. these pulse oximeter devices, used to measure oxygen in the blood, give more accurate readings from white skin. so there'll now be a review to make sure medical equipment�*s equally effective whatever your skin colour. it's absolutely crucial that those who use pulse oximeters- in their practice or- provide them to the public, take skin pigmentation - into account when considering effectiveness amongst users. this is not to say that. pulse oximeters are bad. what we are saying is that. more care needs to be taken when looking at the the readings from these devices. _ but, as parts of europe lock down and close up once again, and the christmas markets are quiet, the short—term question here is whether we can stay immune from further covid restrictions. dan johnson, bbc news.
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let's hear more from the health secretary sajid javid about his concerns over pulse oximeters, which measure oxygen in the blood. mrjavid was speaking to the bbc. i think possibly, yes, yes. i don't have the full facts, and that will be a cross... these oximeters are being used in every country and they have the same problem, and the reason is a lot of these medical devices, even some of the drugs, and some of the procedures, some of the textbooks, most of them are put together in majority—white countries and i think there's a systemic issue around this. the health secretary sajid javid. joining me now is dr michael sjoding from the university of michigan. he led research on racial bias in pulse oximetry measurement last year, finding a critical need to understand and correct racial bias in medical technologies...
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fester, bias in medical technologies... thank you very muc joining fester, thank you very much for joining us. just tell it a little bit about your research and why he conducted it. it is bit about your research and why he conducted it— conducted it. it is a pleasure to be here. conducted it. it is a pleasure to be here- this — conducted it. it is a pleasure to be here. this research _ conducted it. it is a pleasure to be here. this research came - conducted it. it is a pleasure to be here. this research came from - conducted it. it is a pleasure to bej here. this research came from the covid—i9 pandemic. i am a practising pulmonary physician and during a pandemic when caring for certain patients we notice the pulse oximeter seem to be less accurate when we looked at the more accurate lavatory test called arterial blood gas that we don't perform as often. we saw that there seem to be this discrepancy and we didn't quite understand why so we looked at, you know, skin tone is a factor and we looked at black patients compared to white patients and we found that there was a significant discrepancy. how significant a discrepancy in health terms?— how significant a discrepancy in health terms? well, for a white atient in health terms? well, for a white patient in general _ health terms? well, for a white patient in general when - health terms? well, for a white patient in general when the - health terms? well, for a white i patient in general when the health goal pulse oximeter is reading on a
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normal range, say 92% to 96% it is reading, inaccurately reading maybe 3% of the time, so that is pretty low, so most of the time it is very accurate but then in our study we found that that same thing was happening getting closer to i2% of the time so maybe one in ten times which, again, doesn't sound like that much but when you consider how often these devices are being used and how critical this information is that means that at least twice as often, perhaps three times as often, the device is less accurate in black patients. 50 the device is less accurate in black atients. ., ., ,, ., the device is less accurate in black atients. ., ,, ., ., patients. so how do you diss that to solve this discrepancy _ patients. so how do you diss that to solve this discrepancy of _ patients. so how do you diss that to solve this discrepancy of these - solve this discrepancy of these discrepancies, then, particularly the fact that it could mean the difference between surviving covid—i9 are not? difference between surviving covid-19 are not?— difference between surviving covid-19 are not? yes, i think this is a critically _ covid-19 are not? yes, i think this is a critically important _ covid-19 are not? yes, i think this is a critically important question. | is a critically important question. you know, we use these devices like a pulse oximeter need to make important medical decisions. how much oxygen a patient needs, whether they are hospitalised, whether they get admitted or not, so in the
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immediate short—term we are trying to spread the word and raise awareness that wireless devices accurate it can have —— why this —— while this device is accurate it can have inaccuracies and errors in the margin of error and the point is to be aware about using this device when considering information for the patients and if you really need to know you should consider doing something else like this arterial blood gas that i think that is an immediate short—term fix but i do think the longer term fixes to redesign the devices to make sure that these devices work the same in all patients. it that these devices work the same in all patients-— all patients. it seems baffling that these sorts of— all patients. it seems baffling that these sorts of questions _ all patients. it seems baffling that these sorts of questions aren't - these sorts of questions aren't raised during the research and development processes. often it seems according to other literature is well they can be other biases like sex bias, if too many of your people you are testing on our mail, if too many people you are testing
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on a white, leather bound to be theseissues on a white, leather bound to be these issues notjust in pulse oximeters but surely in other devices to? i oximeters but surely in other devices to?— oximeters but surely in other devices to? . ., , , ., devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of _ devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of a _ devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of a shock— devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of a shock to _ devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of a shock to us - devices to? i completely agree. it was sort of a shock to us that - devices to? i completely agree. it l was sort of a shock to us that when we did this research we found this discrepancy. we think that a medical device like a pulse oximeter would work the same in all patients and, again, it is a small difference but it is clinically meaningful and i do think one of the major problems is that when these devices are regulated and evaluated there isn't really the strict requirement to show that the device works exactly the same in all patients, you know, and so i think there really needs to be a push by regulators to ensure that these devices are tested and ensured the devices are active before they come to market. haifa before they come to market. how difficult would _ before they come to market. how difficult would it _ before they come to market. how difficult would it be _ before they come to market. how difficult would it be on a global level to make sure that different parameters are used, different tests are used in the research and development phase of technologies and treatments to make sure that there aren't these bias is built—in?
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i do think it would be difficult, right? these devices are used around the world and to change regulations and require additional testing is going to be a lot of work and a lot of expense so i think it is critical for government leaders too, sort of, set the tone and set a new standard because, yeah, ithink set the tone and set a new standard because, yeah, i think it is going to be work but i think it is absolutely necessary work. doctor michael from _ absolutely necessary work. doctor michael from the _ absolutely necessary work. doctor michael from the university - absolutely necessary work. doctor michael from the university of- michael from the university of michigan, thank you very much for talking to us. we now have the latest government coronavirus figures for today and the government has said that a further 61 people have died within 28 days of testing positive for covid—19 as of today. that brings the total number of people who have died to 143,927. separate figures published by the office for national statistics show that there have been
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168,000 deaths registered in the uk where covid—19 was mentioned on the death certificate so i discrepancy there of nearly 25,000. as of nine o'clock this morning, there have been a further 40,004 lab confirmed covid—19 cases in the uk. and i think, i don't know whether we have the vaccination numbers, i can't see those... if we can pick them out we will bring them to you. sport and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's gavin again. lewis hamilton made it back to back formula one wins at the qatar grand prix to close to within eight points of max verstappen at the top of the drivers' standings. hamilton has been dominant through the weekend on this brand new track —
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he started from pole and held on to top spot through the race. verstappen had started seventh after a grid penalty, but worked his way back to finish second behind hamilton and take a point for the fastest lap. but hamilton's win means if he can do the same at the last two grand prix's of the season he'll seal an eighth world title. this was the 35th different track he'd won on in f1, he did so in a rainbow coloured helmet in the gulf state. manchester city kept up the pressure on league leaders chelsea with a 3—0 win at home to everton. city took the lead just before half time. a fantastic pass from joao cancelo picked out raheem sterling's run, and the england man put it away. their second was arguablyjust as good — a long—range thunderbolt from rodri after an everton clearance came his way. bernardo silva later added a third, in a convincing win. city are second in the premier league, three points behind chelsea. spurs take on leeds in the 4.30 kick off. but the news dominating this afternoon has been the sacking of ole gunnar solskjaer as manager of manchester united. united, with just one win in seven in the league, took action after their heavy loss to watford yesterday. jane dougall has more
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from old trafford. fans had been rapidly losing patience with ole gunnar solskjaer and saturday's 4—1 defeat to watford seem to be the final straw. after that defeat there were boos ringing around the stadium from the away end as the manager departed the pitch and it is understood that that defeat prompted the owner is the lasers to call an urgent meeting when he took a decision on the future of the manager and earlier on in a statement was released by the club confirming that they had parted company with ole gunnar solskjaer. in a statement they said ole gunnar solskjaer will always be a legend at manchester united and it is with great regret that we have reached this difficult decision. while the past few weeks have been disappointing they should not obscure all the work he has done over the past three years. the statement also confirmed that one of the members of backroom staff michael carrick will take charge of the team for forthcoming games while the team for forthcoming games while the club looks to appoint an interim
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manager until the end of the season and presumably a permanent manager will be found in the end of the summer. while this was a hard decision to make it was a necessary one. it was hard because solskjaer is so beloved of this club. he scored the winning goal in the champions league final in 1999 helping united on their way to the trouble for that year but it was necessary because in his three years a manager he did not manage to secure any silverware and as we know in the premier league there is no room for sentiment. women's super league leaders arsenal won 2—0 at manchester united in today's early kick off. it was goalless at half—time but soon afterwards, netherlands international viviane miedema cut in to score her 13th goal in 16 games. and 1—0 became 2—0 after katie mccabe won arsenal a penalty and scored from it. that keeps the gunners unbeaten and top of the table. in the other wsl matches today it was a five—star showing from chelsea. they won 5—0 against birmingham city. sam kerr with a hat—trick... they'rejust a point behind arsenal at the top. also wins for everton and reading —
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and west ham currently in action against tottenham. ireland have finished off their autumn internationals with a dominant 53—7 win over argentina in dublin. the irish ran in seven tries in all, each coming from the forward line, dan sheenan getting this one over in a game were argentina were reduced to 14 men after tomas lavanini was sent off for a high tackle. and england's women are up against the united states. not long left at all — just over five minutes or so to go, there. these are live pictures from the sixways stadium. it's been plain sailing for england so far — they currently lead 77—0. you can watch live coverage now on bbc two, the bbc iplayer and the bbc sports website. wales take on canada at 5 o'clock. britain's joe salisbury and partner rajeev ram have been beaten in the atp doubles final in turin. the pair lost the first set and took the second to a tie break, but struggled to pull things back as france's pierre—hugues herbert and nicolas mahut claimed the title
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with a 6—4, 7—6 victory. that's all the sport for now. you can find more on all those stories on the bbc sport website. that's bbc.co.uk/sport gavin, thank you very much. today the sports life a moment there has been a lot of attention in the chinese tennis start peng shuai. we're now hearing that the international olympic committee president has called dominic how a video call with peng shuai. we had been reporting that she had appeared as a guest at a tennis tournament in beijing but international tennis officials weren't convinced that it was enough to alleviate their concerns about her well—being, saying that it didn't prove that she was actually free to move around as she pleased. she hadn't been seen since she had made sexual assault allegations against a senior former
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chinese politician two weeks ago. prompting all sorts of international concern. however, peng shuai says in this video call with the international olympic committee president that she is safe and well but she still wants to have her privacy respected. let's see whether that satisfies the tennis officials who have been so worried. labour has accused the government of �*comprehensively failing' to deal with people using small boats to cross the channel to the uk. nearly 25,000 people have arrived so far this year, almost three times the total number of migrants in 2020. yesterday the prime minister announced a cabinet office review into ways of stemming the flow of men, women and children making the crossing. but the shadow home secretary, nick thomas symonds, says the government is failing to deal with the situation... there are thousands of lives being risked in the english channel on a day—to—day basis, i'm afraid, and the home secretary's
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incompetence on this matter is dangerous. what would i be doing as home secretary? well, i would be firstly getting an effective deal with the french authorities. the issue with priti patel is that she's more interested in a diplomatic spat than she is in a workable deal, and the deal as we have it focuses on the coast — it focuses on patrols. now, i'm not saying that isn't important — it is — but we also need in that deal to be looking upstream. we need to be looking away from the coast to disrupt these vile people—smugglers on the long routes, the long, well—established routes the people have taken to reach northern france in the first place. mr thomas—symonds also said he would like a replacement for the dublin agreement, which allows eu countries to transfer asylum seekers back to the first member state they were proven to have entered.
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that's an agreement the uk left after brexit. the health secretary sajid javid, says he doesn't believe that scheme worked, and home secretary priti patel is working to find ways to return people to different countries... whatever agreement it wasn't going to be the dublin agreement, because, as i say, it never worked. we do need new agreements with countries, predominantly with the countries where most of the failed asylum seekers are coming from, and those aren't always european countries. and this home secretary has done that — she has signed new agreements and put those in place with countries like india. but, also, i would say that the pandemic has made returning people across the world, across asylum systems much harder, and we do have to take that into account as well. the man deposed as sudan's prime minister during last month's military coup, has been reinstated. abdalla hamdok signed a deal with the country's military leaders to establish a cabinet. but there've been violent protests in the capital, khartoum, where thousands of demonstrators have marched on the presidential palace, saying the military are untrustworthy. mr hamdok said the deal with the military was necessary
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to end the bloodshed. translation: signing this framework agreement widely opens the door - for fixing all the causes and challenges of the transition. the last two years have certainly achieved much when it comes to this partnership, removing the international isolation, removing sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism, economy, peace. there are many achievements, but there are still great challenges. facing us. we are trying to preserve the blood of sudanese youth. i know our youth has the capacity for sacrifice, determination and giving up all that is precious, but sudanese blood is precious. let us stop the bloodshed and direct energy into construction and development. let us stop the bloodshed and direct the youth's energy into construction and development. this agreement helps release suffocation, the international and external suffocation, and to bring us back
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on the path towards transition to achieve long lasting democracy in our country. shoppers are being warned that some retailers may not have enough stock for black friday this week, because of supply chain issues. the uk's online retail association, the imrg, says problems getting goods from china and a shortage of drivers and warehouse staff mean stock might not arrive on time. our business correspondent caroline davies has more. we know that the course of the last 20 months have been difficult for many retailers. the pandemic, of course, caused stop—starts in the supply chain, backlogs at ports and on top of that, there have been difficulties in some cases in getting hgv lorry drivers to be able to transport the goods to wherever they are needed. now, on top of that, we are building up to black friday, which is a big day in the shopping calendar where retailers slash the prices of some of their goods in order to try and encourage people
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to purchase in the run—up to christmas. it was originally something that started in the us and has come over to the uk in recent years. but some tech retailers are already concerned that there might be some disruption due to delays in deliveries. now, that's according to the imrg, which is the uk's online retail association. retailers will often buy goods well in advance of black friday, maybe months in advance, and quite often bulk buy them so that then they can sell them at a discount and still make a profit. however, if those goods are delayed by 4—6 weeks, that means they may have to change their promotional campaigns from that particular stock into whatever they do now have in stock and is available to sell. according to the group's insights director, asia is a real pinch point for this, and goods coming out of asia in particular. some companies may be able to find a workaround, they might have deep pockets to be able to do that, but others, he says, might really find themselves in a difficult position. he also says that there are worries that some retailers might not be to find enough staff to fill their warehouses or hgv
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drivers to transport their goods. having said that, just because some products may be a bit more difficult to come by, he also says there will be plenty of tech products on the shelves. now it's time for a look at the weather with phil avery. as the picture suggests, sunday has been a bright, fresh day across many parts of the british isles, certainly a cooler feel than we've had of late, and that's the feature that you'll notice going through the next few days as well. in the short term, some isolated showers for some areas. they will tend to fade away as we get on through the next few hours or so. and overnight willjust be left with a few across this far southeastern quarter. cold weather fronts just pushing in across the far north of scotland, keeping the temperatures up with an associated cloud here. but further south, with the skies clearing quite markedly, i think we'll end up with quite a widespread frost in many inland areas. so it's a bright, fresh start
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to the new day on monday for southern scotland, much of england and wales, northern ireland, till the clouds up here and always that bit cloudy across the north of scotland with bits and pieces of rain coming through or what is not going to be more of a westerly breeze. so maybe notjust feeling as cold as it did do through the course of sunday, but still a high of only ten. hello this is bbc news. the headlines... ole gunnar solskjaer has been sacked as manchester united's manager. michael carrick has been placed in temporary charge.

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