but there is disappointment and anger that india and china watered down the final wording about its use. we can lobby, we can cajole and we can encourage. but we cannot force sovereign nations to do what they do not wish to do. we'll be live in the world's biggest polluters — the us and china. also tonight... a man has died after a car exploded outside a hospital in liverpool. three men have been arrested under the terrorism act. the queen misses the remembrance sunday ceremony at the cenotaph for the first time in 22 years. hamilton, against the odds, has come home to win... and victory for lewis hamilton at the brazilian grand prix keeps him in with a chance of the formula one championship.
good evening. borisjohnson has described a global accord to speed up action against climate change as historic and game—changing, and "the beginning of the end for coal power". but his remarks come after the president of the cop26 climate conference, alok sharma, said india and china will have to justify themselves to the world's most vulnerable countries after the two nations demanded last—minute changes to the deal, softening commitments to reduce the use of coal. an agreement was finally reached last night. it says limiting average global temperatures to 1.5 celsius above pre—industrial levels by the year 2100 is still attainable. scientists have said that amount, by then, would avoid the worst impacts of climate change.
but there's controversy over the pledge about coal, which now says its use should be phased down, rather than phased out. the deal pledges more money for poorer countries to help them adapt. and nations will have to re—publish their climate plans next year to keep what's been agreed on track. the conference also agreed to reductions in methane emissions, and to curb deforestation across the planet. here's our science editor, david shukman. it was billed as a landmark moment in our relations with the planet. but did the glasgow conference do anything to limit the rise in temperatures? the man at the centre of the talks, alok sharma, had to shuttle between delegations. china and india not allowing coal to be phased out, only to be "phased down". the pressure really showed at one point. and the final wording on coal has
left disappointment. but this evening in downing street, mr sharma admitted how the deal was very nearly lost. for months people have been asking me, some of you good people have been asking me, "do you feel the weight of the world on your shoulders?" and i can tell you, there was one really tense hour where i did feel the weight of the world on my shoulders. and so many people have done so much over two years. the uk team internationally. and this deal was absolutely in jeopardy. his efforts at the conference were praised by opposition parties. they also warned there's a long way to go in. we have made some progress and we have to acknowledge that. but we also have to acknowledge that we failed in getting the target of 1.5 and we must keep that pressure on because it would be catastrophic for areas of the world and for our planet. so we've got more to do. so what happens now? well, by the end of next year countries should update their climate pledges — a faster pace than before. and they are now expected
to do this more often. by 2024, a package of long—term financial aid for the poorest nations should be agreed. and then by 2030, to avoid the worst of global warming, carbon emissions should be halved. but we're still a long way from achieving that. so as things stand, the polar ice will melt faster than ever, raising sea levels and, together with heavier rain, threatening millions of people with flooding. the implications of failing to act soon have never been clearer. we've already warmed by 1.1 degree celsius since pre—industrial times. and the hope is that 1.5 will be the limit of the rise. but we're heading for at least 1.8, and that's only if every promise is kept. more realistically, we are on course for about 2.4 — a really dangerous level. the difference between 1.5 and 2.4
is really survival of millions and millions of people and species in the planet. this is what is particularly true for the islands. but according to camilla born, a government adviser at the heart of the talks, the worst outcomes can be averted. we have kept 1.5 alive, but on the basis of delivering on those commitments, and that will be our next task. first as the presidency but for all the countries. and it's on us to make sure that this is real in action. the key to that is what's happening far beyond the conference. the spectacular fall in the price of renewable forms of energy. they now make good business sense, whatever gets agreed in talks about climate change. the arguments here over the past fortnight were about words on a page, and in the end they may or may not prove important. what matters more is the signal sent by this gathering and others to come to businesses, investors, banks — all of us —
that with the right pace and scale of change, it should still be possible to get the world onto a safer course. david shukman, bbc news, in glasgow. as we've been hearing, india and china have faced heavy criticism after demanding last—minute changes to the climate deal on the issue of coal. india relies heavily on coal for its economic development. 0ur south asia correspondent rajini vaidanathan reports on the challenges the country faces in tackling climate change. india's sacred yamuna river, a symbol of purity. turned toxic. what looks like harmless bubbles is poisonous foam, much of it caused by industrial waste and sewage. this man is a fisherman who lives and works here. all the chemicals are thrown in the river, he tells me. it's disgusting, but it's not a natural disaster but humans who have done this.
what we're seeing here in many ways represents india's overall challenges when it comes to climate change. one of the country's holiest rivers, now horribly polluted. the cause, waste from nearby factories that create jobs and help to drive economic growth. coal was centre stage at the cop summit, in a tussle over economic and environmental needs. dirty but dependable, it powers this nation, providing some 70% of india's energy and millions ofjobs. which is why the country refused to agree to a deal to phase it out completely. prime minister narendra modi did make a bold pledge to hit net zero emissions by 2070, and asked for more help from western countries for renewable projects. the aim is to move quickly towards alternative sources like solar.
and the goal of generating 50% of power that way by the next decade. this man has just returned from the cop summit and was advising india's government. coal is going to grow, but solar is going to grow faster. it is not that one technology will grow and the other will not. both will have to grow, to meet the energy demand for this fast—growing economy. the average indian consumes far less power than the average brit or american. many here say they don't want to be told what to do by western nations who have a long way to go before phasing out fossil fuels themselves. the worlds�*s two biggest emitters of greenhouse gases are china and the united states. in a moment, we'll be hearing from our north america editorjon sopel, who's at the white house but first our china correspondent steve mcdonnell is in beijing. is itfairto is it fair to say, steve, that china is sending out a message saying it
needs longer to reduce its use of coal? ~ . ., , . needs longer to reduce its use of coal? ~ . . , . . . , coal? well, china was much decades of breakneck — coal? well, china was much decades of breakneck economic _ coal? well, china was much decades of breakneck economic growth - coal? well, china was much decades of breakneck economic growth have | of breakneck economic growth have at times been catastrophic for the natural environment. but they've also lifted millions of people out of poverty. this dramatic change in people's living standard has been fuelled by and large by coal—fired power. in recent times, china has built huge wind and solar farms, but officials are still not sure when they can phase out coal, so they are wary of making pledges to do so. that said, we shouldn't be too pessimistic, because the communist party here is already using its media to tell its people that coal is an especially big part of the problem. beijing has also said that the world's richest countries have benefited the most from coal—fired power, so they need to give the developing world more time to catch up.
it is clear that the biden administration wanted to play a leading — administration wanted to play a leading role in the talks in glasgow, and to some extent they have achieved that. never donald trump _ have achieved that. never donald trump pulled the states from the paris _ trump pulled the states from the paris accord, and joe biden is bringing — paris accord, and joe biden is bringing them back in. one of the surprises— bringing them back in. one of the surprises of the talks was the agreement between the us and china to talk_ agreement between the us and china to talk about how they could make further _ to talk about how they could make further progress on this. but joe biden— further progress on this. but joe biden can't act unilaterally. he has -ot biden can't act unilaterally. he has got political constraints as well, and he — got political constraints as well, and he has got us in it whichjust will not — and he has got us in it whichjust will not pass measures like for example — will not pass measures like for example totally eliminating subsidies on fossil fuels. so, has joe biden— subsidies on fossil fuels. so, has joe biden gone as far as climate activists— joe biden gone as far as climate activists wanted? probably not. but has he _ activists wanted? probably not. but has he gone as far as he could do, given— has he gone as far as he could do, given the — has he gone as far as he could do, given the political constraints of the congressional arithmetic? probably he has.— the congressional arithmetic? probably he has.
three men have been arrested under the terrorism act after a taxi exploded outside the liverpool women's hospital this morning. the passenger in the vehicle was killed and the driver was injured. 0ur correspondent fiona trott is in liverpool. fiona. this is a very fast moving investigation. _ fiona. this is a very fast moving investigation. already _ fiona. this is a very fast moving investigation. already today - fiona. this is a very fast moving investigation. already today the j investigation. already today the police have searched properties in two separate streets a couple of miles away from here, and that police activity continues in the city tonight. the men arrested are 29, 26 and 21 years old. they were detained in the kensington area. the man who died in this explosion is yet to be formally identified by the police, but while this investigation continues, people here have been left wondering how and why this explosion occurred outside liverpool women's hospital. this report contains flashing images. just seconds before 11am, the car explosion which killed a man inside.
terrifying for onlookers, and so dangerously close to the hospital itself. a police cordon was immediately set up. local roads were also closed. then, confirmation that a counter—terrorism investigation had been launched. unfortunately, i can confirm that one person has died and another has been taken to hospital, where he is being treated for his injuries, which, thankfully, are not life—threatening. so far we understand that the car involved was a taxi, which pulled up at the hospital shortly before the explosion occurred. and while the cordon remains in place, patients have been told to stay away. we are reviewing our patient activity for the next 24 to 48 hours and patients should wait to be contacted for updates about any planned appointments. this has been a fast—moving investigation. just hours after the news conference, it emerged that police were at this residential street
in the kensington area. and also here, just one mile from the liverpool women's hospital. counterterrorism detectives say they are keeping an open mind about the cause of the explosion. tonight, people are being told to remain calm but vigilant. as you heard in that report, the police believe that the car involved in this explosion was a taxi. the driver was injured, he is in a stable condition in hospital, and already a fundraising page has been set up on social media for him. fiona trott, thank you. the queen has missed the annual remembrance sunday service at the cenotaph in london for the first time in 22 years, after spraining her back. the prince of wales laid a wreath on the queen's behalf at one of the many events around the uk to honour those fallen in conflict. 0ur royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports.
band plays. it was the customary cenotaph commemoration, after the limitations last year caused by the pandemic. there was, though, one notable absentee. the queen did not, as had been expected, take her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph. according to buckingham palace, she had sprained her back. she continues to rest at windsor. the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their places at the cenotaph, in readiness for the two—minute silence observed in whitehall and at ceremonies around the country. big ben chimes the hour.
music: last post. after the two—minute silence, and the sounding of the last post in whitehall by royal marine buglers, the prince of wales placed the queen's wreath of red poppies against the cenotaph's northern face, in tribute to those from britain and the commonwealth who lost their lives in the world
wars and more recent conflicts. then, after the official wreath—laying, it was the return of the veterans�* march—past. the former servicemen and women, denied the chance to be at the cenotaph last year, paying their own tributes to former colleagues. the head of state had been absent — a matter of great regret, we are told, to her and to those who were on parade. nicholas witchell, bbc news. the government's latest coronavirus figures for the uk show there were more than 36,500 new infections recorded in the latest 24—hour period, which means on average there were 37,488 new cases reported per day in the last week. 63 deaths were recorded, that's of people who died within 28 days of a positive covid—19 test.
on average in the past week, 156 related deaths were recorded every day. and 12.6 million people have received their covid—19 boosterjab. borisjohnson has admitted that his handling of the row about owen paterson and standards could have been better. the issue returns to the commons tomorrow, with a growing number of mps facing criticism of their conduct. damian grammaticas is with me. watmore has the prime minister been saying? watmore has the prime minister been sa in: ? , watmore has the prime minister been sa in? , , , ., , watmore has the prime minister been sain? ,,, , saying? this issue has caused the ast ten saying? this issue has caused the past ten days _ saying? this issue has caused the past ten days real _ saying? this issue has caused the past ten days real questions - saying? this issue has caused the| past ten days real questions about boris johnson's past ten days real questions about borisjohnson's decision making, the government actions and whether they have acted in a way that could have undermined the standard system. mr johnson today was asked about it three times in his press conference and said of course i think things could certainly have been handled better, let me put it that way, by me. owen paterson was found by the independent standards commissioner was found to have taken money and lobbied. borisjohnson stepped in
table days ago and ordered mps to block any suspension and try to rewrite the rules. there was a furious row with the opposition. the government backed down and now where we are left is mr paterson resigned, and mrjohnson did importantly today said that he backs the independent commission and she should be allowed to do herjob, which means investigating any other mps she could choose to investigate in the future, including, of course, the prime minister.— the prime minister. damian grammaticas, _ the prime minister. damian grammaticas, thank- the prime minister. damian grammaticas, thank you. i poland's border guard has accused neighbouring belarus of helping a large group of migrants to make an attempt to cross into its territory by force. thousands of people are at a makeshift camp on belarus' border with poland, enduring freezing conditions, in the hope of crossing into the eu. our correspondentjenny hill has been to the polish side of the border, near the town of hajnowka. her report contains some
images you may find distressing from the start. in the freezing darkness of a polish forest, the human cost of the political deadlock. woman groans. this woman is severely hypothermic and, we are told, pregnant. she groans. she had made it across the borderfrom belarus. volunteers, then border guards, found her here with her husband and five children. they're in police custody, she's in hospital, and two other men who were with them were reportedly pushed back into belarus. piotr, who was there and gave us the footage, is from an informal network of people who try to help those who make it across the border. whether you are pro refugees or against them, i think we all deeply agree that people need some basic humanitarian help. at the border, desperation.
people trapped in the cold of a makeshift camp on the belarusian side. poland refuses to let them in, and today accused belarus, backed by russia, of preparing the people here to storm the eu border en masse. some people have made it across the border. they are hiding in the forests along its length. behind them, a hostile belarusian border force, ahead of them a europe where they're not really wanted. and the polish government would prefer you not to know about them. journalists and aid agencies are banned from getting too close to the border. but micha lives inside the exclusion zone and helps the people he sees. recently i met a group of 25 people from iraq and before 15 from syria, some guys from somalia, some people from turkey. so, probably around 100 or something. we went back to the woods
where the young family was found. the geopolitical stand—off continues — belarus and russia against poland and the west. these scattered possessions a reminder of those caught in the middle. jenny hill, bbc news, poland. with all the sport now, here's olly foster at the bbc sport centre. many thanks, jane. lewis hamilton described it as the hardest weekend of his career, but he still took the chequered flag in sao paulo to keep himself in the formula one title race. max verstappen's lead at the top of the standings is now down to 14 points with three races to go. here's our sports correspondent andy swiss. he is no stranger to the extraordinary, but even by lewis hamilton's standards, this was a win which almost defied belief. it had seemed mission impossible. while his title rival max verstappen charged into an early lead, hamilton began
way down in tenth after being penalised in qualifying. but soon he was blazing through the field, in a flash up to second with max verstappen in his sights. could he get past him? he tried once in the car was nearly a collision, both because briefly off the track. with 12 laps left, another chance for hamilton, and this time there was no stopping him. from tenth to triumph, against all the odds, somehow he had done it. ~ . . against all the odds, somehow he had done it. ~ ., ., . against all the odds, somehow he had done it. ., ., ., , done it. what a victory for lewis hamilton! _ done it. what a victory for lewis hamilton! yes, _ done it. what a victory for lewis hamilton! yes, come _ done it. what a victory for lewis hamilton! yes, come on, - done it. what a victory for lewis - hamilton! yes, come on, guys! and the victory — hamilton! yes, come on, guys! and the victory revives _ hamilton! yes, come on, guys! and the victory revives hamilton's - hamilton! yes, come on, guys! and the victory revives hamilton's title l the victory revives hamilton's title hopes. he still trails max verstappen, but as he proved here, anything is possible. andy swiss, bbc news. australia have won the men's t20 world cup. they beat new zealand by eight wickets in the dubai final. they were chasing 173 for victory and after brilliant knocks from david warner and mitch marsh,
glenn maxwell hit the winning runs with an over to spare as they lifted the trophy for the first time. wales have their first win in the rugby union autumn series. 38—23 the slightly flattering scoreline against fiji in cardiff. the visitors had a man sent off in the first half and wales finally made that count after the break, louis rees—zammitt with the best of wales' six tries. england's women are unbeaten in their autumn internationals. they ran in seven tries against canada to win 51—12 at the stoop. wing heather cowell went over twice on her debut. that's now 17 test wins in a row for the red roses and they'll match the england men's record if they beat the usa next weekend. elsewhere, scotland's women beat japan. it's tight at the top of the women's super league. chelsea are nowjust a point behind arsenal after thrashing manchester city 4—0 away. the reigning champions took the lead after a minute and never looked back, fran kirby with the pick of their goals. they have now won six in a row. you can find all the wsl scores on the bbc website, also on there tributes to a celtic
welcome back, you're watching the bbc news. £50 million worth of government funding has been promised over the next five years to help find a cure for motor neurone disease. it comes two months after a petition was delivered to downing street, by some of those living with the terminal illness — including the former rugby league star, rob burrow. our reporter, louisa pilbeam, has more. september this year — the campaign for £50 million towards motor neurone disease goes to downing street. among those present was former footballer stephen darby, handing over their plea to finally try and find a cure for the terminal disease. at his side, rob burrow, former rugby league star, both living with the impact of the disease. what this will mean to mnd sufferers is great hope. we're now on the brink of a meaningful treatment so we need
to get funds to help prolong life and help find a cure. the two first spoke to bbc breakfast about life with mnd back in early 2020, alongside scottish rugby union star doddie weir. i think rugby—resilient, i knew what i had, knew what the issue was, so when he said it, "all right, we've got this, we're going to try and fight it", and then i did the dreaded google. "what have i got, what's going on?" and it came up mnd and you kind of go, "uh—oh". in the months to come, rob burrow would chart the impact of the condition in a documentary. that led to fundraising by people across the country and rob's former team—mates. kevin sinfield's seven marathons in seven days raised over £2 million. he takes on a new challenge later this month.
meanwhile, the campaign for government backing has continued. just last week rob's dad gave another emotional plea. after 25, 30 years, surely to goodness we can find something to find a treatment. if it stops it, that's phase one. a cure's phase two. now the government has confirmed it will provide the £50 million that the campaigners have been asking for. in an article in the express, the prime minister promises to "transform the fight against this devastating disease". the announcement has been welcomed by the mnd association, which says it will change lives and ultimately save lives. louisa pilbeam, bbc news. and we'll be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers — the broadcaster and psychotherapist, lucy beresford, and joe twyman, who's the director of the polling organisation, deltapoll — that's coming up
after the headlines. time for a look at the weather with alina. hello. we have had some patchy light rain and drizzle across parts of england and wales today, but the bulk of the rain is pushing into northern and western scotland and northern ireland and will continue overnight. weakening a little as the night wears on. further south across england and wales, a lot of cloud, some drizzle, and a few breaks in the cloud, and where we do see the breaks, we could see temperatures down to 5—6 celsius where we keep the cloud. 7—10 celsius the overnight low. still a weakening band of patchy rain tomorrow morning across southern scotland initially into parts of northern england, wales, maybe the far south—west of england. that will weaken as the day goes on. sunshine for scotland and northern ireland, cloudier further south with some mist and fog lingering through the morning. it's going to stay mild both by day and by night in the week ahead,